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MONTREAL 


From   1535  to   1914 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


VOLUME  III 


THE  S.  J.  CLARKE  PUBLISHING  COMPANY 

MONTREAL         VANCOUVER         CHICAGO 
1914 


\ 


I'V    ',"  Ob 

v^3 


11S8050 


RI(HAI{I)  B.  ANGUS 


BIOGRAPHICAL 


RICHARD  BLADWORTH  ANGUS. 

"No  man  in  Montreal  and  very  few  in  Canada  have  had  a  fuller,  riper  and 
more  successful  career  than  'the  man  of  peace,'  as  he  is  known  in  business  circles." 
So  writes  the  Toronto  Globe  of  Richard  Bladworth  Angus,  and  there  is  little  to 
add  that  would  describe  the  man  morfi  accurately.  A  purposeful  man,  a  deep 
thinker,  a  man  of  the  highest  principles.  Air.  Angus  is  representative  of  the  empire 
builders  of  Canada.  Beginning  his  career  in  a  humble  station,  he  has  climbed  the 
ladder  of  success  rung  by  rung  until  he  reached  the  ranks  of  men  like  the  late 
Lord  Strathcona,  and  the  present  Lord  Mount  Stephen,  with  whom  he  labored  in 
building  the  most  important  railroad  lines  in  the  Dominion  and  with  whom  he 
stood  for  all  that  which  has  made  Canada  the  great  empire  that  it  is  today.  Not 
only  has  Mr.  Angus  been  prominent  as  a  builder  and  financier  of  great  rail  lines, 
but  he  has  given  of  his  time  and  means  toward  the  establishment  of  great  institu- 
tions to  care  for  the  sick,  to  bring  education  to  all  those  who  may  seek  it,  to  pro- 
mote and  disseminate  a  thorough  understanding  of  art — in  short,  to  promote  the 
intellectual  as  well  as  the  material  welfare  of  that  most  enterprising  of  all  British 
peoples — the  Canadian  nation. 

Richard  B.  Angus  was  born  in  Bathgate,  Scotland,  May  28,  183 1,  and  educated 
there.  While  in  his  native  country  he  was  employed  by  the  Manchester  &  Liver- 
pool Bank  for  some  time  and  in  1857  entered  the  offices  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal 
in  Canada.  To  the  present  generation  the  name  of  R.  B.  Angus  has  been  rightly 
considered  a  synonym  for  the  financial  activity  instituted  by  the  Bank  of  Montreal, 
for  he  has  been  connected  with  that  institution  since  1857,  having  come  out  from 
Scotland  to  accept  a  position  in  the  bank  in  which  at  a  later  date  he  was  to  be  for 
many  years  the  guiding  hand.  His  keen  mind,  his  adaptability  to  new  conditions, 
his  shrewdness  and  his  careful  weighing  of  important  questions  assured  him  of 
quick  promotion  and  four  years  after  he  became  connected  with  the  institution  he 
was  placed  in  charge  of  the  Chicago  agency,  in  1861  and  in  1863  was  agent  for  the 
bank  in  New  York. 

During  his  sojourn  in  Chicago  Mr.  Angus  became  acquainted  with  the  spirit 
of  the  great  west  and  what  it  was  hoped  might  be  accomplished  there.  He  saw 
the  states  of  Illinois  and  Iowa  budding  forth  from  prairie  to  splendidly  developed 
communities  and  reasoning  by  analogy  he  recognized  what  the  future  had  in  store 
for  the  Canadian  west  following  the  construction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway. 

5 


6  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

The  splendid  financial  standing  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company  today 
is  also  in  a  measure  due  to  the  wisdom  of  this  man,  whom  no  doubt  Sir  Thomas 
Shaughnessy  considers  one  of  his  wisest  counsellors. 

In  1864  Mr.  Angus  returned  to  ^Montreal  to  become  second  assistant  manager 
of  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  was  later  appointed  assistant  manager  and  became 
manager  in  1868.  In  1869,  or  two  years  after  the  union  of  the  British  North 
American  colonies,  Mr.  Angus  was  appointed  general  manager  of  the  Bank  of 
jMontreal,  a  position  which  he  held  until  November  i,  1879.  It  is  said  that  during 
these  ten  years  his  advice  was  sought  many  times  by  the  diflferent  finance  ministers 
of  the  Dominion  not  only  as  regards  federal  loans  but  also  concerning  the  general 
financial  policy  of  the  country.  Although  a  native  of  Scotland,  where  free  trade 
exists,  Mr.  Angus  looked  with  favor  upon  the  protectionist  program,  which  tri- 
umphed in  Canada  on  the  i8th  of  September,  1878.  He  saw  therein  a  means 
whereby  the  Dominion  could  become  a  great  manufacturing  country,  and  he  has 
lived  long  enough  to  see  the  splendid  fruition  of  that  policy. 

After  his  ten  years'  tenure  of  office  as  general  manager  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal 
Mr.  Angus  was  called  to  another  sphere  of  usefulness.  When  several  prominent 
men  connected  with  the  Bank  of  Montreal  bought  out  the  Dutch  interests  in  what 
was  then  called  the  St.  Paul,  Minneapolis  &  Manitoba  Railway,  those  interested, 
realizing  the  ability  of  Mr.  Angus  as  a  financier  and  organizer,  asked  him  to  leave 
the  bank  and  become  the  representative  of  their  interests  in  St.  Paul.  Accepting 
the  management  of  the  railway,  his  great  success  during  the  two  years  of  his 
residence  in  the  American  northwest  has  become  a  part  of  the  history  not  only  of 
the  American  but  also  of  the  Canadian  northwest.  Mr.  Angus  was  one  of  the  first 
promoters  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway.  He  was  among  the  earliest  to  recog- 
nize the  stupendous  success  which  would  attend  the  project  if  there  was  carried 
out  an  enlightened  policy  of  settlement  and  industrial  expansion.  A  syndicate  was 
formed,  with  Mr.  George  Stephen,  later  Lord  Mount  Stephen,  and  Mr.  Donald 
A.  Smith,  later  Lord  Strathcona,  as  its  leading  spirits.  Mr.  Angus  was  one  of  the 
original  body  and  he  has  remained  in  connection  with  the  incorporated  company 
ever  since  as  one  of  its  directors.  He  advised  upon  the  strategic  points  where  the 
chief  entrenchments  of  the  first  transcontinental  road  should  be  laid  out  and  he 
pointed  out  the  spots  where  the  Bank  of  Montreal  could  most  effectively  plant  its 
branches.  This  policy  of  his  had  a  great  deal  to  do  with  the  expansion  which  has 
brought  the  capitalization  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal  and  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railway  up  to  the  present  colossal  figures. 

As  general  manager  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal  Mr.  Angus  served  under  four 
presidents,  namely,  T.  B.  Anderson,  F..  H.  King,  Daxid  Torrance  and  George 
Stephen,  now  Lord  Mount  Stephen,  and  he  and  the  latter  are  the  only  ones  of 
the  number  yet  living.  I  Ic  also  sat  as  director  with  Lord  Strathcona  and  Sir 
George  A.  Drumniond,  succeeding  tlic  latter  to  the  presidency  of  the  liank  July  22, 
1910.  All  admit  that  no  one  of  that  galaxy  of  financiers  who  have  year  after  year 
sat  at  the  historic  round  table  ever  rendered  greater  service  to  the  institution  than 
R.  B.  Angus. 

At  an  age  when  most  men  throw  ofT  official  cares  and  responsibilities  to  enjov 
the  leisure  which  prosperity  has  brought  them   Mr.  Angus  in  his  octogenarian 
prime  took  up  as  cheerfully  as  would  a  man  of   forty  the  princi])al  position   in- 
Canada's  foremost  financial  institution.     In  November,   11)13,  on  account  of  ad- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  7 

vancing  years  and  a  desire  to  Ije  relieved  of  all  financial  burdens  of  a  public  char- 
acter, Mr.  Angus  resigned  the  presidency  of  the  Rank  of  Montreal,  but  remains  a 
member  of  the  board  and  continues  to  give  the  institution  the  benefit  of  his  ripe, 
wide  and  valuable  experience. 

That  worth  hath  its  reward  is  evident  in  Mr.  Angus'  career,  who  is  rated  today 
as  one  of  the  richest  men  in  Montreal.  However,  he  seems  to  consider  himself 
more  in  the  light  of  a  steward  of  his  vast  property  interests,  for  he  freely  and 
liberally  has  given  of  his  means  and  made  handsome  contributions  to  numerous 
institutions.  Among  these  is  the  Montreal  Art  Association,  of  which  he  was 
formerly  president  and  to  which  he  gave  money  and  several  valuable  paintings. 
He  also  supported  McGill  University  with  a  considerable  sum  and  gave  to  the 
Alexandra  Contagious  Diseases  Hospital  of  Montreal,  of  which  he  is  a  governor 
and  was  a  founder.  He  was  president  of  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital,  which  in- 
stitution he  also  has  liberally  supported,  and  is  a  vice  president  of  the  Royal  Vic- 
torian Order  of  Nurses.  The  Charity  Organization  Society,  of  which  he  is  a 
director,  has  also  benefited  in  a  material  way  and  by  his  timely  advice.  Mr.  Angus 
was  also  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital.  An  honor  to  his  race  and 
one  of  the  foremost  representatives  among  Scotchmen  in  Canada,  he  served  sev- 
eral times  as  president  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society  of  Montreal.  Mr.  Angus  was 
governor  of  the  Fraser  Institute  Free  Public  Library  and  is  an  honorary  member 
of.  the  Antiquarian  and  Numismatic  Society  of  Montreal. 

Among  commercial  and  financial  institutions  with  which  he  has  been  or  is 
connected  are  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company,  the  Laurentide  Paper  Com- 
pany, the  Dominion  Coal  Company,  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  the 
Dominion  Bridge  Company,  the  Royal  Trust  Company,  the  Grand  Falls  Power 
Company,  the  Pacific  Coal  Company,  the  Canadian  Salt  Company,  the  Northwest 
Land  Company  and  the  London  &  Lancashire  Life  Assurance  Company. 

Mr.  Angus  has  always  taken  a  deep  interest  in  public  institutions  and  was  one 
of  the  chief  promoters  of  the  board  of  control  in  Montreal,  which  was  founded 
in  1909.  Pie  has  ever  placed  his  services  at  the  disposal  of  such  afifairs  as  have 
made  for  a  greater  and  better  Canada.  In  1910  knighthood  was  offered  to  him, 
but  he  declined  the  honor. 

Among  the  clubs  of  which  Mr.  Angus  is  a  member  are:  the  St.  James,  of 
which  he  was  formerly  chairman ;  the  Alount  Royal,  of  which  he  was  a  founder 
and  of  which  he  has  served  as  president ;  the  Montreal  Jockey ;  the  Auto  and  Aero 
Club ;  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club :  and  the  Winter  Club.  He  also  is  a  member 
of  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa,  the  Toronto  Club,  the  York  Club  of  Toronto  and 
the  Manitoba  Club  of  Winnipeg. 

On  June  13,  1857,  Mr.  Angus  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Anne  Daniels,  who 
died  March  13,  1913.  To  them  were  born  three  sons  and  six  daughters,  two  of 
the  latter  being  deceased. 

In  religious  matters  Mr.  Angus  adheres  to  the  stern  faith  of  his  fathers,  being 
a  Presbyterian.  It  may  be  said  of  him  that  in  all  fields  in  which  he  has  exerted  his 
activities  he  has  excelled.  Quiet  in  demeanor,  he  is  purposeful  and  unconsciously 
exerts  an  influence  which  makes  for  domination.  That  this  domination  is  always 
used  to  good  purpose  and  for  the  benefit  of  his  country  and  its  people  stands  to 
his  high  credit.  Sir  Sandford  Fleming  paid  him  high  compliment  as  a  banker  in 
the  words  that  he  is  a  man  who  "in  every  way  is  a  credit  to  the  great  institution 


8  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

over  which  he  so  wortliily  presides,"  and  the  Alontreal  Star  characterizes  him  as 
"one  of  Canada's  prominent  and  most  highly  respected  financiers."  Mr.  Angus  is 
a  true  Scotchman,  a  truer  Canadian,  but  best  of  all — a  man  worthy  of  the  name. 


LEONIDAS  \TLLENEUVE. 

From  a  comparatively  humble  position  in  business  circles  Leonidas  Villeneuve 
advanced  until  he  ranked  w-ith  the  millionaire  merchants  of  Montreal  and 
throughout  his  entire  career  his  record  was  such  as  any  man  might  be  proud  to 
possess,  bringing  to  him  the  respect  of  colleagues  and  contemporaries.  The 
record  of  his  career,  showing  the  steps  in  his  orderly  progression,  may  serve  as 
a  source  of  inspiration  and  encouragement  to  others  and  in  this  biography  finds 
its  chief  motive  and  value. 

Mr.  X'illeneuve  was  liorn  in  Terrebonne  county,  at  Ste.  Anne  des  Plaines, 
a  son  of  Joachim  \'illeneuve,  who  was  a  farmer  there.  His  boyhood  and  youth 
were  uneventfully  passed,  but  when  twenty  years  of  age  he  determined  to  try 
his  fortune  in  the  commercial  field.  He  was  attracted  to  the  lumber  business 
and,  believing  that  he  would  find  it  congenial  and  profitable,  he  established  a 
small  lumberyard  north  of  Mount  Royal  avenue,  in  the  ownership  and  conduct 
of  which  he  was  first  associated  with  the  late  Senator  J.  O.  Mlleneuve.  Gradu- 
ally he  advanced  toward  the  goal  of  success,  his  business  growing  with  the 
development  of  the  district.  He  remained  at  its  head  until  his  death,  eventually 
conducting  an  extensive  liusiness  under  the  name  of  the  L.  \'illeneuve  Company. 
This  brought  him  substantial  returns  and  his  fortune  also  arose  through  his  wise 
and  judicious  investments  in  real  estate.  From  time  to  time  he  added  to  his 
holdings  and,  when  there  was  a  real-estate  boom  in  the  district,  he  had  extensive 
holdings,  a  portion  of  which  he  sold,  realizing  therefrom  a  handsome  fortune. 

Mr.  \'illeneuve  w-as  a  prominent  figure  in  local  circles  in  connection  with  the 
growth  and  progress  of  his  section.  When  the  district  north  of  Mount  Roval 
avenue  gradually  developed  from  a  sparsely  settled  region  into  a  fast  growing 
town  he  was  one  of  the  leading  spirits  in  planning  roadwavs,  parks  and  public 
improvements.  To  him  in  great  measure  it  is  due  that,  \vi  its  wide  streets  and 
well  built  homes,  Laurier  ward  is  among  the  most  attracts  e  in  this  city.  He 
was  for  twenty  years  associated  with  ihe  municipal  life  of  \'ille  St.  Louis,  first 
serving  as  alderman  and  afterward  for  three  terms  as  mayor. 

In  politics  Mr.  X'illeneuve  was  a  stalwart  conservative,  but  while  working 
actively  in  the  party  and  doing  everything  in  his  power  to  promote  its  growth  and 
secure  its  success,  he  could  never  be  tempted  to  try  his  fortune  in  cither  the 
federal  or  provincial  fields,  although  he  was  requested  on  many  occasions  to  carry 
the  party  banner.  He  was  imiversally  respected  for  his  unswerving  business 
honesty  and  uprightness,  and  upon  these  (|ualities  as  a  foundation  he  builded  his 
success,  which  placed  him  among  the  leaders  in  his  particular  line  in  eastern 
Canada.  His  sound  judgment  enabled  him  to  correctly  value  those  things  which 
go  to  make  up  life's  contacts  and  experiences.  His  opinions  were  sound,  his 
enterprise  unfaltering  and  his  activities  were  of  a  character  that  contributed 
to  the  public  welfare  as  well  as  to  individual  success.     Mr.  \'illeneuve  was  a 


LEONIDAS  VILLENEUVE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  11 

member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  and  took  a  great  deal  of  interest  in  church 
aflfairs. 

Mr.  Villeneuve  was  married  twice.  His  first  wife  was  Malvina  Joyal,  a  sister 
of  Dr.  Joyal.  of  Montreal,  and  to  them  was  born  a  son,  J.  Arthur,  who  was 
educated  in  Montreal  and  traveled  extensively  with  his  father  in  Europe.  He 
married  Miss  Yvonne  Lariviere,  of  Montreal,  and  has  a  son,  Jean  Leonidas,  born 
July  II,  1913.  J-  Arthur  Villeneuve  is  vice  president  of  the  L.  Villeneuve  Com- 
pany and  of  the  Eagle  Lumber  Company  and  is  a  worthy  successor  of  his  father 
in  connection  with  the  lumber  industry  of  the  country.  For  his  second  wife 
Leonidas  Villeneuve  chose  Dame  F.xilda  Bergeron,  who  also  survives.  His 
life  of  intense  and  intelligently  directed  activity  brought  him  success  and,  more- 
over, he  always  followed  constructive  methods  in  his  business  career,  so  that 
his  path  was  never  strewn  with  the  wreck  of  other  men's  fortunes. 


HENRY  R.  GRAY. 


Tangible  evidence  of  the  public  spirit  of  Henry  R.  Gray  is  found  in  his 
service  as  chairman  of  the  board  of  health  and  the  radical  and  effective  measures 
which  he  took  in  preventing  the  spread  of  a  small-pox  epidemic.  He  did  equally 
efficient  work  in  promoting  sanitary  conditions  in  Montreal  along  various  lines 
and  at  the  same  time  he  occupied  a  prominent  position  as  a  representative  of  the 
pharmaceutical  profession.  He  was  born  December  30,  1838,  in  Boston,  Lincoln- 
shire, England,  and  pursued  his  education  at  Standard  Hill,  Nottingham,  the 
head  master  of  the  school  being  William  Goodacre.  the  well  known  author 
of  several  standard  educational  works.  He  was  afterward  articled  for  five  years 
to  William  March,  chemist  and  apothecary,  at  Newark.  England,  and  subse- 
quently pursued  a  course  of  lectures  on  chemistry  under  the  celebrated  Roscoe 
in  Manchester. 

Coming  to  Canada  when  twenty-one  years  of  age,  Mr.  Gray  established  his 
business  in  Montreal  in  1859  and  for  several  years  devoted  his  attention  to  the 
study  of  sanitary  science  and  particularly  to  the  question  of  the  sanitation  of 
cities.  He  was  connected  with  every  movement  to  improve  the  sanitary  condi- 
tion of  Montreal  and  his  labors  were  of  far-reaching  benefit.  He  became  one  of 
the  originators  of  the  Pharmaceutical  Association  of  the  province,  of  which  he 
was  elected  secretary  and  later  treasurer  and  vice  president.  He  was  next 
called  to  the  presidency,  serving  for  three  consecutive  years  and  also  as  a  member 
of  the  board  of  examiners.  He  became  one  of  the  charter  members  of  the 
Montreal  College  of  Pharmacy  and  for  two  years  was  its  president. 

In  1884  he  was  elected  alderman  of  the  St.  Lawrence  ward  and  soon  after- 
ward was  unanimously  chosen  by  the  city  council  as  chairman  of  the  local  board 
of  health,  serving  in  that  difficult  position  during  the  whole  of  the  disastrous 
epidemic  of  small-pox  which  devastated  the  city  and  province  in  1885  and  1886. 
When  the  disease  broke  out  and  the  death  rate  amounted  to  twenty-five  per  day, 
there  was  little  civic  organization  to  prevent  the  spread  of  disease  or  further  the 
promotion  of  sanitary  conditions.  \'accination  was  opposed,  but  Mr.  Gray 
organized  a  vigorous  campaign  to  stamp  out  the  disease  and  obtained  the  passage 


12  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  by-laws  insisting  on  free  and  compulsory  vaccination.  He  also  organized  a 
civic  hospital  and  insisted  on  all  the  small-pox  patients  being  sent  to  the  isolation 
hospital.  Through  this  and  other  emergency  methods  he  allayed  the  general 
fear  and  stamped  out  the  disease.  It  was  in  that  year  that  he  succeeded  in  get- 
ting a  by-law  through  the  city  council  requiring  all  household  refuse  to  be  cre- 
mated, and  shortly  afterward  crematories  were  erected  and  a  contract  for  five 
years'  collection  and  cremation  given  out. 

After  having  served  a  three  years'  term  as  alderman  Mr.  Gray  declined 
reelection.  He  was  appointed  by  the  government  a  justice  of  the  peace  and  a 
member  of  the  council  of  public  instruction  for  the  province  of  Quebec  and  was 
elected  to  represent  it  on  the  corporation  of  the  polytechnic  school  of  this  city. 
He  was  likewise  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital  and  the  Notre 
Dame  Hospital.  When  the  public  health  act  passed  the  legislature,  shortly  after 
the  small-pox  epidemic,  Mr.  Gray,  who  in  addition  to  his  aldemianic  duties 
had  been  a  member  of  the  old  central  board  of  health  for  the  province,  was 
appointed  a  member  of  the  new  provincial  board  of  health  then  created  and 
remained  a  member  until  his  death.  In  1885  he  was  elected  membre  honoraire 
de  la  Societe  d'Hygiene  Frangaise  of  Paris,  France.  After  his  retirement  from 
the  city  council  he  was  requested  by  a  number  of  leading  citizens  of  all  parties 
and  creeds  to  accept  the  nomination  of  mayor,  but  owing  to  business  reasons 
he  was  obliged  to  decline. 

Mr.  Gray  married  Miss  Catherine  Margaret  McGale.  the  youngest  daughter 
of  the  late  Dr.  Bernard  McGale,  who  was  a  member  of  the  army  medical  stafif. 
Mr.  Gray  died  February  18,  1908,  and  is  survived  by  his  wife,  three  daughters 
and  a  son.  Dr.  H.  R.  Dunstan  Gray.  The  memory  of  his  well  spent  life  is  cher- 
ished by  all  who  were  his  contemporaries  and  his  colleagues,  and  the  worth  of 
his  work  is  recognized  by  all  who  know  aught  of  the  history  of  Montreal. 


JAMES  JOHNSTON. 

Throughout  an  active,  commercial  career  James  Johnston  was  engaged  in 
importing  and  dealing  in  English  and  foreign  dry  goods,  in  which  connection  he 
built  up  an  enterprise  of  extensive  and  gratifying  proportions,  his  becoming  one 
of  the  leading  commercial  houses  of  Montreal.  He  was  born  March  20,  1849, 
a  son  of  James  and  Mary  (Burns)  Johnston,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of 
Scotland,  who,  coming  to  the  new  world  in  early  life,  were  married  in  Montreal. 
The  father,  who  was  born  in  1819,  passed  away  in  this  city  on  the  27th  of 
May,  1882. 

Spending  his  youthful  days  under  the  parental  roof,  James  Johnston  pursued 
his  education  in  the  schools  of  Montreal  and  Quebec  and,  entering  business 
circles,  he  became  connected  with  the  firm  of  James  Johnston  &  Company,  im- 
porters of  and  dealers  in  dry  goods  of  English  and  foreign  manufacture,  of 
which  his  father  was  the  head.  After  the  death  of  his  father  he  became  head  of 
the  business,  devoting  his  entire  attention  to  the  development  of  a  trade  which, 
grew  to  large  and  gratifying  proportions,  making  his  one  of  the  leading  dry- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  13 

goods  establisliiiients  in  tlie  city.     Since  his  demise  the  store  has  been  sold  and  is 
now  conducted  under  the  firm  style  of  W.  R.  Brock  Company,  Ltd. 

Mr.  Johnston  was  married  in  Montreal,  in  1876,  to  Miss  Agnes  Grant  Rob- 
ertson, a  daughter  of  Andrew  Robertson,  who  was  a  prominent  resident  of  this 
city,  liy  this  marriage  there  were  eight  children  of  whom  seven  are  living. 
The  family  circle  was  broken  by  the  hand  of  death  when  on  the  14th  of  July, 
1899,  James  Johnston  was  called  to  his  final  rest.  His  interests  and  activities, 
aside  from  business,  are  indicated  by  the  fact  that  he  held  memberslii])  in  tlie 
St.  James  Club,  the  Metropolitan  Club,  the  Hunt  Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream 
Club,  and  St.  Paul's  Presbyterian  church.  He  was  always  actuated  by  high  and 
manly  principles  and  worthy  motives,  and  he  left  to  his  family  the  priceless 
heritage  of  an  untarnished  name  as  well  as  the  substantial  reward  of  his  busi- 
ness enterprise  and  sagacity. 


MICHAEL  JAMES  WALSH. 

Michael  James  \\'alsh  is  prominent  idong  various  lines  of  activity  in  Montreal, 
where  he  is  widely  known  as  a  successful  insurance  broker  but  has  also  actively 
participated  in  an  important  way  in  political  and  governmental  affairs  and  is 
moreover  widely  known  in  fraternal  circles.  Of  good  Irish  stock,  he  has  brought 
the  sturdiness  of  his  ancestors  to  the  task  at  hand  anrl  has  attained  a  success  which 
entitles  him  to  consideration  as  one  of  the  substantial  men  of  his  community  and 
a  power  for  progress  and  improvement  in  the  political  field. 

A  native  of  Montreal,  Michael  James  Walsh  was  born  on  the  2d  of  Septem- 
ber, 1858,  a  son  of  Mark  and  Catherine  (Nolan)  Walsh,  both  natives  of  County 
Wexford,  Ireland.  The  father  was  prominent  as  a  contractor  and  everywhere 
in  this  city  respected  as  a  successful  business  man.  Michael  J.  Walsh  received 
his  education  at  St.  Ann's  parish.  Christian  Brothers  School,  and  upon  discon- 
tinuing his  lessons  became  connected  with  the  Grand  Trunk  and  Canadian  Pacific 
Railways,  remaining  for  about  ten  years  in  their  employ  in  their  store  depart- 
ments. He  then  set  out  independently,  becoming  an  insurance  broker,  and  by 
native  shrewdness  and  ability  to  understand  commercial  conditions  has  succeeded 
in  building  up  a  business  which  ranks  him  among  the  foremost  men  in  his  line  in 
Montreal.  When  his  private  affairs  permitted  him  to  devote  some  of  his  time 
to  the  public  weal  he  entered  politics  with  the  same  zest  as  he  displayed  in  his 
private  business  affairs  and  as  a  result  was  elected  alderman  of  the  St.  Ann's  ward 
on  February  I,  1902,  continuing  in  that  ofiice  for  four  years  or  until  February  i, 
1906,  and  doing  valuable  work  in  promoting  measures  which  have  been  of  far- 
reaching  benefit  to  the  city.  On  November  25,  1904,  he  was  also  elected  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Quebec  provincial  legislature  and  on  December  28,  1908,  reelected  to 
that  office,  continuing  therein  until  May  15,  191 2.  His  legislative  career  has  been 
one  of  success  and  his  record  has  been  so  clear  that  his  constituents  may  well  be 
proud  of  their  representative.  He  has  done  much  in  supporting  valuable  bills, 
especially  those  undertaken  in  the  interest  of  his  constituents,  and  has  ever  been 
active  in  committee  rooms  and  on  the  floor  of  the  house  in  sustaining  or  ])ro- 
moting  constructive  legislation.     His  political  position  is  that  of  a  liberal,  and 


14  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

he  always  has  been  a  stanch  supporter  of  that  grand  man  of  the  liberal  party, 
Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier. 

On  October  9,  18S2,  at  Montreal,  in  St.  Henry  parish  church,  Mr.  Walsh  was 
married  to  Mary  Jane  Barry,  a  daughter  of  David  Barry,  mechanical  superin- 
tendent of  the  Canada  Sugar  Refinery,  and  Mary  O'Leary,  both  natives  of  County 
Cork.  Ireland.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Walsh  became  the  parents  of  two  sons.  Joseph 
Christopher  Barry  Walsh.  B.  A.,  B.  C.  L.,  is  a  well  known  notary  public.  The 
other  son  born  to  the  marriage  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Walsh  is  David  Robert  Barry 
Walsh,  who  graduated  from  Loyola  College  and  is  now  successfully  engaged  in 
the  insurance  business,  being  inspector  for  the  Royal  Exchange  Association. 
Both  sons  are  young  men  of  excellent  habits  and  qualifications. 

As  the  years  have  passed  Mr.  W^alsh  has  become  connected  with  a  number 
of  outside  interests  and  is  now  a  director  in  the  People's  ]\Iutual  Building  Society 
and  for  many  years  has  been  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  doing 
in  that  connection  important  work  in  promoting  commercial  expansion.  Fra- 
ternally he  is  very  prominent  and  has  held  high  offices  in  the  Knights  of  Colum- 
bus, the  Catholic  Order  of  Foresters,  the  Catholic  Mutual  Benefit  Association, 
the  Canadian  Order  of  Foresters,  the  Royal  Guardians,  the  Ancient  Order  of 
Hibernians  and  in  St.  Patrick's  Society.  A  man  of  varied  and  important  inter- 
ests, Mr.  Walsh  has  made  an  honorable  record  in  business  as  well  as  in  munici- 
pal and  provincial  politics  and  enjoys  the  full  confidence  of  the  best  classes  of 
population.  In  him  there  is  strongly  developed  the  quality  of  loyalty,  and  it  is 
his  devotion  to  a  cause  which  has  led  him  into  the  important  relations  with  which 
he  is  now  connected.  He  may  justly  be  classed  with  ^Montreal's  leading  citizens, 
and  the  position  which  he  has  attained  is  the  more  creditable  as  it  has  been  brought 
about  entirely  by  his  own  efl:'orts. 


JAMES  BELL,  M.  D. 

Notable  service  in  the  field  of  abdominal  surgery  won  for  Dr.  James  Bell  an 
international  reputation.  His  broad  study  and  research  made  him  a  scientist  of 
renown  and  his  opinions  were  largely  accepted  as  authority  by  the  profession 
which  recognized  him  not  only  as  an  eminent  surgeon,  but  equally  capable  edu- 
cator. He  was  born  at  North  Cower,  Ontario,  in  1852,  and  after  acquiring  his 
early  education  in  local  schools  and  by  jjrivali  tuition,  he  entered  Mctiill  Univer- 
sity and  was  graduated  as  Holmes'  gold  medallist  in  1S77,  a  fact  indicative  of  the 
excellent  work  which  he  had  done  in  his  student  days.  He  was  innnediately 
appointed  house  surgeon  in  the  Montreal  Ceneral  Hospital,  which  position  he 
held  until  1882,  gaining  that  l)road  practical  experience  and  knowledge  which 
only  hospital  practice  can  bring.  In  1880  he  became  medical  suijerintendent  of 
the  Montreal  General  Hospital  and  in  1885  was  ai)i)iiintcd  ti)  the  position  of 
assistant  surgeon,  followed  by  appointment  as  surgeon  a  year  later,  lie  tilled 
the  position  with  distinction  for  eight  years  and  then  became  surgeon  of  the  new 
Royal  Victoria  Hospital  in  1894,  remaining  in  that  connection  until  his  demise. 
As  the  years  passed  his  skill  and  ability  constantly  increased  and  developed  and 


]JR.  .lAMKS  iu-:r.L 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  17 

his  reputation  spread  abroad  until  he  was  acknowledged  not  only  one  of  the  emi- 
nent surgeons  of  Canada,  but  also,  by  reason  of  his  specialty  in  abdominal  work, 
as  one  of  the  most  distinguished  representatives  of  the  profession  on  the  American 
continent.  He  became  just  as  widely  known  in  connection  with  surgical  work 
for  the  treatment  of  gall  stones  and  kidney  diseases.  In  addition  to  his  other 
hospital  service  he  was  consulting  surgeon  of  the  Children's  Hospital.  After 
going  to  \'ictoria  Hospital  he  remained  a  consulting  surgeon  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital  and  also  acted  in  a  similar  capacity  at  the  Maternity  Hospital. 

His  connection  with  McGill  University  was  equally  brilliant,  for  through  many 
years  he  was  one  of  its  able  educators  in  the  medical  department.  In  1888  he 
was  appointed  associate  professor  of  clinical  surgery.  In  i8go  he  was  made 
assistant  professor  of  surgery  and  clinical  surgery;  in  1895,  professor  of  clinical 
surgery,  and  in  1907,  professor  of  surgery  and  clinical  surgery.  He  held  member- 
ship in  the  American  Surgical  Association  and  the  Canadian  Surgical  Association, 
and  he  served  as  surgeon  major  in  charge  of  the  field  hospital  corps  in  the  Riel 
rebellion,  receiving  a  medal  for  his  services,  while  between  1880  and  1888,  he  was 
surgeon  to  the  Si-xth  Battalion  of  Fusiliers.  He  was  the  author  of  various  valua- 
ble papers,  including  one  entitled  Tubercular  Family  History,  and  his  contribu- 
tions to  the  press  have  ever  been  eagerly  received.  He  was  the  author  of  the 
chapter  on  Surgical  Diseases  and  Wounds  of  the  Kidneys  and  Ureters  in  Amer- 
ican Practice  of  Surgery  as  well  as  numerous  valuable  treatises  on  the  kidneys. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Genito-Urinary  branch  of  the  American  Medical 
Association  in  which  he  represented  the  Canadian  Medical  Association.  As  a 
diagnostician  he  had  few  equals  and  he  possessed  a  medical  technique  that  was 
marvelous.  One  of  his  strongest  traits  of  character  was  his  utter  fearlessness. 
He  spoke  his  own  mind  and  was  seldom  misunderstood.  He  never  catered  to 
cheaply  acquired  popularity  or  public  opinion  and  always  had  the  courage  of  his 
convictions.  He  spoke  what  he  thought  to  be  the  truth  no  matter  who  it  opposed 
or  oflfended.  He  thoroughly  detested  sham  or  deceit  and  was  self-contained, 
quiet  and  self-reliant  in  connection  with  all  of  his  professional  service. 

Dr.  Bell  was  married  in  June,  1889,  to  Miss  Edith  Alary  Arnton,  the  eldest 
daughter  of  the  late  John  J.  Arnton,  of  Montreal,  and  they  had  one  son,  James 
Stuart  Ethelwyn  Wallace,  wdio  was  born  February  15,  1899,  and  in  accordance 
with  the  wish  of  his  father  is  preparing  for  the  medical  course  at  McGill.  Dr. 
Bell  was  a  member  of  a  number  of  the  leading  clubs,  including  St.  James,  the 
Montreal  Jockey,  the  Mount  Royal  and  the  University  Clubs.  He  was  for  more 
than  twenty  years  one  of  the  enthusiastic  members  of  the  Montreal  Hunt  Club 
and  for  many  years  followed  the  hounds.  He  greatly  enjoyed  outdoor  life,  much 
more  than  so-called  society  and  said  with  Byron, 

"I  love  not  man  the  less  but  nature  more." 
He  was  fond  of  hunting  and  fishing  and  it  was  his  custom  each  year  to  hunt  big 
game  in  New  Brunswick  where  he  was  often  a  guest  at  August  Belmont's  private 
shooting  preserve.  Dr.  Bell  was  also  a  member  of  the  Chapleau  Club  in  the 
Laurentians  where  he  went  for  his  fishing.  His  country  home,  Saraguay,  was 
his  residence  during  four  months  in  the  year  for  more  than  eighteen  years.  Here 
he  maintained  a  fine  breeding  establishment  of  driving  and  saddle  horses  and 
was  able  to  gratify  the  great  pleasure  his  excellent  stock  afforded  him,  for  he  was 
a  lover  of  a  good  horse. 


18  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

iS'o  man  ever  more  fully,  however,  recognized  the  duties  and  obligations  of 
the  profession  or  more  conscientiously  met  them.  The  regard  entertained  for  him 
by  his  professional  brethren  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  Dr.  C.  E.  Church  termed 
him  '"the  ablest  surgeon  in  America,"'  while  Dr.  T.  G.  Roddick  said,  "the  death 
of  Dr.  James  Bell  is  a  distinct  loss  to  the  medical  and  surgical  profession.  He 
was  a  man  of  marked  ability,  with  conscientious  devotion  to  his  work,  which 
earned  him  the  respect  of  his  fellows,  as  well  as  success  amongst  his  patients. 
And  he  was  not  only  respected  by  the  profession  throughout  the  country,  but 
loved  by  his  friends."  In  comment  upon  his  death  the  Montreal  Gazette  wrote, 
"One  of  the  men  who  have  done  much  for  the  advancement  of  the  medical  pro- 
fession in  Canada  passed  away  yesterday  when  Dr.  James  Bell,  in  the  ripe  fullness 
of  a  useful  career,  was  carried  off  by  appendicitis.  It  was  by  a  curious  irony 
of  fate  that  Dr.  Bell  died  most  unexpectedly  at  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital,  in 
whose  wards  still  lay  many  upon  whom  he  had  operated,  and  whose  lives  he  had 
probably  saved  by  his  skill.  For  many  years  Dr.  Bell  had  been  recognized  as 
one  of  Canada's  leading  surgeons,  in  fact  one  of  the  greatest  surgeons  in  abdom- 
inal work  on  this  continent  and  his  services  were  in  great  demand,  not  only  in 
Montreal,  but  wherever  the  work  of  a  skillful  scientist  whose  immediate  judg- 
ment and  power  might  be  efficacious  to  save  human  life,  was  needed.  Day  by 
day  he  had  been  working  in  the  operating  room  of  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital 
and  the  sick  rooms  of  patients,  in  circumstances  where  a  single  mistake  might 
mean  loss  of  life.  The  strain  was  much  greater  than  ordinary  people  could  have 
imagined.  He  was  one  of  those  men  who  devoted  themselves  to  their  work  so 
well  and  performed  it  so  efficiently  that  there  was  no  need  to  fight  for  prominence. 
His  work  was  such  that  it  inevitably  grew.  As  his  ability  became  known  his 
services  became  more  in  demand  and  in  a  quiet  and  conscientious  way  he  grad- 
ually became  one  of  the  recognized  surgical  authorities  of  his  time  and  one  of  the 
busiest.  Not  only  in  Montreal  but  in  many  parts  of  Canada  he  was  called  upon 
wherever  there  was  a  stern  fight  against  death,  and  frequently  he  was  called  to 
exercise  his  skill  even  farther  afield  in  the  United  States.  Those  who  knew  him 
as  either  surgeon  or  as  friend  will  remember  him  as  one  who  knew  his  work  and 
did  it  well,  without  thought  of  public  recognition." 

Dr.  Bell  was  actively  engaged  in  professional  duties  almost  to  the  closing 
hours  of  his  life.  On  the  last  day  he  visited  Victoria  Hospital  he  performed 
an  operation  in  the  forenoon.  In  the  evening  of  the  same  day  he  was  taken  ill 
and  the  end  came  a  few  days  later.  The  board  of  governors  of  the  Royal  Vic- 
toria Hospital  caused  to  be  made  a  bronze  bust  of  Dr.  Bell  which  was  placed  in 
the  main  hall  of  that  hospital.  The  significance  of  this  action  is  better  understood 
when  it  is  known  that  but  one  other  bust  is  there  shown — that  of  Oueen  \'ictoria. 


JOSEPH  0\TDE  GRAVEL. 

Joseph  Ovide  Gravel,  for  many  years  manager  and  executor  of  the  John 
Pratt  estate  in  Montreal  and  ])rominently  connected  with  other  important  cor- 
porate and  business  interests  of  the  city,  was  born  here  in  1839.  He  acquired 
his  education  in  the  commercial  schools  of  the  city  and  in  1S54  began  a  business 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  19 

career  which  brought  him  constantly  increasing  prominence  and  prosperity. 
From  that  date  until  1863  he  was  connected  with  the  firm  of  Benning  &  Darsalou 
and  was  then  made  secretary-treasurer  of  the  Canadian  Rubber  Company,  taking 
an  active  part  in  the  affairs  of  that  concern  until  1899.  He  was  later  a  director 
in  the  Canadian  Linseed  Oil  Mills,  a  trustee  of  the  Guardian  Assurance  Com- 
pany, president  of  the  Sincennes-McNaughton  line  and  of  the  Dominion  Oil 
Cloth  Company.  He  became  known  as  a  reliable,  forceful  and  discriminating 
business  man,  one  who  always  carried  forward  to  successful  completion  what- 
ever he  undertook,  and  he  made  his  ability  and  insight  the  basis  of  a  substantial 
and  well  deserved  success.  He  married  Aurelie  La  Rocque.  His  son,  C.  E. 
Gravel,  is  now  in  charge  of  the  Pratt  estate  and  is  ably  carrying  forward  his 
father's  work  in  its  management. 


JOSEPH  LOUIS  ARCHAMBAULT. 

Joseph  Louis  Archambault.  of  Alontreal,  whose  reputation  as  a  distinguished 
and  able  lawyer  has  made  him  well  known  throughout  the  province  and  who  is 
now  filling  the  position  of  city  attorney,  was  born  at  Varennes,  June  19,  1849, 
a  son  of  the  late  J.  N.  A.  and  Aurelie  (Mongeau)  Archambault.  The  father, 
who  was  "a  patriot  of  1837,"  became  president  of  the  provincial  board  of  nota- 
ries in  Quebec  and  was  a  distinguished  representative  of  his  profession.  The  son 
supplemented  his  early  education  by  study  in  the  College  of  St.  Hyacinthe  and 
in  broad  literary  training  laid  the  foundation  upon  which  he  has  built  the  super- 
structure of  professional  knowledge.  He  pursued  his  law  studies  under  the 
direction  of  the  late  Sir  George  Cartier  and  at  the  same  time  followed  the  law 
course  in  McGill  University,  which  conferred  upon  him  the  B.  C.  L.  degree  in 
1871.  The  same  year  he  entered  upon  active  practice  as  an  advocate  and  has 
since  remained  a  member  of  the  Montreal  bar,  although  his  growing  powers  and 
capabilities  have  won  him  place  among  the  leaders  of  the  profession  in  the  prov- 
ince. He  was  created  a  king's  counsel  by  the  Marquis  of  Lansdowne  in  1887 
and  became  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  bar  in  1889.  For  some  years  he  filled 
the  position  of  crown  prosecutor  for  the  district  of  Montreal  and  has  frequently 
pleaded  before  the  judicial  committee  of  the  privy  council  in  England,  having 
cliarge  of  important  cases  from  Canada.  He  became  city  attorney  of  Montreal 
in  1898  and  in  the  discharge  of  his  official  duties  has  won  high  honors  and 
encomiums.  He  has  always  enjoyed  a  large  private  practice  and  in  following 
his  profession  has  been  associated  successively  as  law  partner  with  Sir  J.  A. 
Chapleau,  O.  C,  the  Hon.  J.  A.  Mousseau,  O.  C.  and  the  Hon.  W.  W.  Linch, 
Q.  C.  He  has  written  quite  extensively  on  legal  subjects  for  the  newspaper  and 
magazine  press  and  is  the  author  of  a  number  of  published  volumes,  including: 
Jacques  Cartier,  an  Historical  Drama  (1879);  Etude  Legale  sur  I'Universite 
Laval  a  Montreal  (1880)  ;  Institutions  Municipales  (1887) ;  Le  Barreau  Canadien 
au  Conseil  Prive  (iSSg):  Genealogie  de  la  Famille  Archambault,  1620-1890 
(1891)  ;  La  Bourgeoisie  au  Canada,  Two  Lectures  (1894)  ;  The  Criminal  Forum 
in  Canada  (1895)  ;  and  Etude  de  Moeurs  Judiciares  (1897).  His  opinions  upon 
involved  legal  questions  are  largely  accepted  as  authority  by  the  profession  and 


20  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

the  public.  He  served  as  batonnier  or  president  of  the  Montreal  bar  in  19 12  and 
1913.  In  addition  to  his  law  practice  he  is  one  of  the  directors  of  the  Rolland 
Paper  Company. 

Mr.  Archambault  was  married  in  Montreal  in  June,  1873,  to  Miss  Ernestine, 
the  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Senator  Rolland,  of  Montreal.  In  religious  faith 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Archambault  are  Catholics,  and  his  political  belief  is  that  of  the 
conservative  party.  He  belongs  to  the  Canadian  Club  and  those  who  meet  him 
socially  find  him  an  entertaining,  genial  and  cultured  gentleman  whose  ways  are 
those  of  refinement  and  whose  word  no  man  can  question.  The  Montreal  Star 
has  said  of  him:  "His  career  has  been  marked  with  continuous  success  and 
great  devotion  to  the  legal  profession."  His  prominence  is  the  logical  outcome 
of  well  developed  talents  and  powers  and  he  is  justly  accounted  today  one  of 
the  leaders  of  the  provincial  bar. 


JOHN  CLEMENT  NEUF\'ILLE    BADGLEY. 

The  Badgley  family  is  one  of  the  old  and  prominent  families  of  Montreal, 
their  connection  with  the  city's  history  dating  back  to  1785. 

Four  generations  of  this  family  have  been  prominently  identified  with  the 
city's  business  and  professional  interests.  John  C.  N.  Badgley,  active  in  busi- 
ness circles  for  many  years,  remained  a  resident  of  this  city  from  his  birth  on 
December  7,  1856,  until  his  death  on  March  7,  1906. 

He  was  a  son  of  the  Hon.  William  Badgley,  D.  C.  L.,  one  of  the  eminent  repre- 
sentatives of  the  judiciary  of  the  province,  and  a  nephew  of  Dr.  Francis  Badgley, 
one  of  the  most  prominent  members  of  the  medical  profession  of  his  day  and  an 
early  member  of  the  McGill  College  faculty.  Dr.  Badgley  died  in  England  where 
he  resided  the  latter  years  of  his  life. 

Hon.  William  Badgley,  whose  entire  life  was  spent  in  Montreal,  was  born  in 
this  city,  March  2-/,  1801,  his  parents  being  Francis  and  Elizabeth  (Lilly)  Badgley. 
The  father,  a  representative  of  an  old  Derbyshire  family,  was  born  in  London 
and  for  years  was  a  well  known  Montreal  merchant.  He  was  likewise  a  recog- 
nized leader  in  political  circles  and  represented  his  city  in  the  provincial  parlia- 
ment from  i8or  until  1805.  The  father  of  the  Hon.  William  Badgley,  Francis 
Badgley,  was  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Montreal,  arriving  in  1785.  I'^rancis 
Badgley  became  one  of  the  prominent  fur  merchants  in  Montreal  and  married 
Elizabeth  Lilly,  daughter  of  John  Lilly. 

William  Badgley,  after  pursuing  his  more  specifically  literary  education  with 
the  Rev.  Alexander  Skakel,  studied  law  in  Montreal  and  was  admitted  to  the 
bar  in  Nov-ember,  1823.  He  entered  at  once  upon  active  and  successful  practice, 
was  created  queen's  counsellor  in  1847  and  received  the  honorary  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Civil  Law  from  McGill  University  in  1843.  For  about  twenty  years 
he  practised  his  profession  in  Montreal  and  gained  distinction  as  a  barrister. 
He  was  also  the  author  of  a  work  called  Remarks  on  Registrar's  Office  which 
was  published  in  1837.  In  1840  he  was  called  to  public  life  in  his  appointment  as 
commissioner  of  bankrupts,  in  which  capacity  he  served  until  1844.  when  he  was 
appointed  circuit  judge.     He  was  also  secretary  of  the  Constitutional  Associa- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  21 

tion  which  aided  in  the  reunion  of  the  Canadas  in  1841  and  two  or  three  years 
before  that  act  was  consummated  he  was  one  of  the  delegates  sent  to  England 
to  further  the  movement.  He  continued  upon  the  bench  as  circuit  judge  until 
1847  and  then  resumed  the  private  practice  of  law.  Judicial  honors,  however, 
were  again  conferred  upon  him  when  on  the  27th  of  January,  1855,  he  was 
appointed  puisne  judge  of  the  superior  court  of  Lower  Canada,  so  continuing 
until  the  ist  of  September,  1862,  when  he  was  transferred  to  the  court  of 
queen's  bench  as  temporary  assistant  judge.  Later  he  was  appointed  puisne 
judge  of  that  court  on  the  17th  of  August,  1866,  and  after  presiding  over  its 
proceedings  for  eight  years  was  retired  on  a  pension  in  June,  1874,  because  of 
partial  deafness.  Devotedly  attached  to  his  profession,  systematic  and  method- 
ical in  habit,  sober  and  discreet  in  judgment,  calm  in  temper,  diligent  in  research, 
conscientious  in  the  discharge  of  every  duty,  coiirteous  and  kindly  in  demeanor 
and  inflexibly  just  on  all  occasions,  these  qualities  enabled  his  honor,  William 
Badgley,  to  take  first  rank  among  those  who  have  held  high  judicial  offices  in 
the  province.  His  reported  opinions  are  monuments  to  his  profound  legal  learn- 
ing and  superior  ability.  They  show  a  thorough  mastery  of  the  questions  involved, 
a  rare  simplicity  of  style  and  a  remarkable  terseness  and  clearness  in  the  state- 
ment of  the  principles  upon  which  the  opinions  rest.  His  name  is  also  inter- 
woven with  the  histor\'  of  legislation  for  he  sat  for  jMissisquoi  in  the  Canadian 
assembly  from  1844  until  1851,  and  for  the  city  of  Montreal  from  the  latter 
date  until  the  general  election  in  1854.  He  was  a  member  of  the  executive  coun- 
cil and  attorney  general  for  Lower  Canada  from  April  23,  1847,  to  March  10, 
1848.  He  always  gave  stanch  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party,  feeling  that 
in  its  principles  lay  the  strongest  elements  of  good  government.  His  fraternal 
connections  were  with  the  Masons,  and  he  was  district  and  provincial  grand 
master  for  England  from  December,  1849,  until  his  demise. 

With  him  passed  away  one  of  the  links  which  have  bound  the  bustling  men 
of  middle  age  today  with  a  generation  of  which  the  youth  of  today  know  but 
very  little,  of  men  more  proud  and  precise  in  their  manners  than  we  are,  and 
whose  courtesy  and  politeness  was  a  part  of  their  daily  life.  The  loss  of  their 
influence  and  example  is  no  small  one. 

In  1834,  in  London,  England,  Judge  Badgley  was  married'  to  Miss  Elizabeth 
Taylor,  the  eldest  daughter  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  J.  W.  Taylor  of  the  Twentieth 
Regiment  B.  N.  T.  Six  children  were  born  to  this  marriage ;  the  wife  and  mother 
passed  away  in  1874. 

John  C.  N.  Badgley,  youngest  son  of  the  Hon.  William  Badgley,  pursued  his 
education  in  Montreal  high  school  and  McGill  University  after  spending  some 
time  as  a  student  at  Port  Hope.  When  a  young  man  he  engaged  in  the  coal 
business  and  was  connected  with  that  department  of  commercial  activity  in  Mon- 
treal throughout  his  entire  life.  He  became  one  of  the  active  business  men  of  this 
city,  his  energy  and  enterprise  leading  him  into  important,  commercial  relations 
and  winning  for  him  a  high  standing  as  a  business  man  and  citizen. 

He  married  Miss  Mary  E.  Badgley,  a  daughter  of  Francis  H.  and  Margaret 
(Drummond)   Badgley  of  Ottawa. 

John  C.  N.  Badgley  not  only  figured  prominently  in  commercial  circles  but 
was  also  a  well  known  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade<  a  past  master  of  St. 
Paul's  Lodge  of  Masons  and  a  member  of  the  Christ  Church  cathedral.    His  death 


22  HISTORY  OF  IMONTREAL 

on  March  7,  1906,  left  a  widow,  son  and  daughter.  The  latter,  Elizabeth  Ruth, 
married  October  10,  1913,  John  William  Shaw  of  Montreal,  while  the  former, 
Clement  ^Montagu,  was  born  September  17,  1886,  in  Montreal  and  is  the  fourth 
generation  of  the  Badgley  family  that  have  been  connected  with  Montreal's 
business  interests.  He  finished  his  education  in  tliis  city  and  after  spending 
some  time  in  travel  abroad,  concluded  to  enter  upon  a  business,  rather  than  a 
professional,  career.  He  was  in  the  employ  of  the  Liverpool  &  London  &  Globe 
Insurance  Company  for  a  time,  after  which  he  became  assistant  head  clerk  for 
the  Atlas  Insurance  Company.  With  the  valuable  experience  thus  gained, 
Mr.  Badgley  entered  the  insurance  and  real-estate  business  on  his  own  account, 
and  at  once  secured  a  clientele  that  gave  him  a  high  position  among  the  best 
class  of  men  in  this  line  of  business.  He  subsequently  became  associated  with 
David  A.  Lewis,  as  the  firm  of  Lewis  &  Badgley,  in  real  estate  and  insurance, 
with  offices  in  the  Merchants  Bank  building. 

]Mr.  Badgley  is  a  member  of  the  JMontreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association,  and 
the  Canadian  Club. 


JAMES  ROSS. 


For  almost  a  half  century  James  Ross  was  intimately  associated  with  the 
growth  and  development  of  Canada  and  was  an  active  factor  in  establishing, 
building  and  promoting  many  of  the  leading  national  and  municipal  railways 
of  the  country.  It  was  under  him  that  Sir  William  Mackenzie  started  his  career 
and  subsequently  he  cooperated  with  him  in  various  enterprises  throughout 
the  world.  He  was  also  a  long-time  associate  of  Sir  Sandford  Fleming,  Sir 
William  \'an  Home,  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy  and  Lord  Strathcona,  more 
particularly  in  the  '80s,  in  the  building  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway.  He 
was  also  actively  interested  in  the  executive  control  of  the  Montreal  and 
Toronto  street  railways  from  1892.  The  extent  and  importance  of  his  busi- 
ness interests  and  investments  made  him  therefore  a  most  prominent  factor 
in  the  upbuilding  and  development  of  the  country  and  his  name  is  insepara- 
bly interwoven  with  the  history  of  Canada. 

Mr.  Ross  was  a  son  of  the  late  Captain  John  Ross,  merchant  and  ship 
owner,  and  Mary  B.  (McKedie)  Ross,  formerly  of  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  Eng- 
land. His  birth  occurred  in  the  year  1848  at  Cromarty,  Scotland,  and  after 
attending  Inverness  Academy  in  his  native  land  he  continued  his  studies  in 
England.  His  initial  step  in  the  business  world  brought  him  into  connection 
with  railway,  harbor  and  water  works  in  Great  Britain.  Following  his  arrival 
in  America  he  was  aj^pointcd,  in  1870,  to  the  position  of  resident  engineer 
of  the  Ulster  &  Delaware  Railway,  of  which  road  he  afterward  became  chief 
engineer.  In  1872  he  acted  as  resident  engineer  of  tlic  \\'isconsin  Central 
Railway  and  subsequently  held  a  similar  position  with  the  Lake  Ontario 
Shore  road.  It  was  not  long'  before  his  efliciency  as  an  engineer  w-on  him 
wide  recognition  and  he  was  oiTered  the  position  of  chief  engineer  of  the 
Victoria  Railway,  of  which  he  subsef|uently  became  general  manager.  He 
was  one  of  the  most  successful  railwav  builders  and  owners  in  the  Dominion, 


JAMKS    ROSS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  25 

the  construction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  over  the  Rockies  being  clue  lu  his 
power  of  organization  and  engineering  abiHty.  and  when  Sir  Donald  Smith, 
later  Lord  Strathcona,  drove  the  last  spike  of  the  road,  no  one  of  that  historic 
group  held  a  higher  place  in  public  regard  in  Canada  than  Mr.  Ross. 

His  active  operations  in  the  field  of  railway  construction  included  the 
building  of  the  Credit  Valley  Railway  in  1878-79  and  upon  its  completion  he 
was  appointed  general  manager  of  the  road  and  ahso  filled  the  position  of 
consulting  engineer  of  the  Ontario  and  Quebec  Railway.  In  the  spring  of 
1883  as  general  manager  of  construction,  Mr.  Ross  began  at  Swift  Current  the 
building  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  over  the  Rockies,  the  Selkirks  and 
the  Gold  Range,  and  early  in  November,  1885,  this  stretch  of  six  hundred  and 
twenty-three  miles  ending  at  Craig  Ellachie,  was  completed  more  than  a 
year  ahead  of  time,  creating  a  record  for  fast  railway  building  on  this  conti- 
nent and  evoking  from  Sir  William  Van  Home  the  statement  that  such  a  record 
meant  millions  to  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway.  It  was  during  the  building 
of  the  road  over  the  mountains  that  Mr.  Ross  might  be  said  to  have  discovered 
and  subsequently  c^me  into  close  touch  with  William  Mackenzie,  Donald 
Mann  (both  since  knighted),  Herbert  S.  Holt  and  several  others  who  later 
on  took  a  front  place  among  the  railway  magnates  and  financial  leaders  of 
Canada.  In  t886  Mr.  Ross  brought  about  the  settlement  of  location  of  the 
Canadian  Pacific  east  of  Montreal  and  the  legislative  difficulties  attending 
the  entry  of  the  road  into  the  state  of  Maine.  Upon  completing  his  arduous 
and  complex  task  he  took  the  contract  for  the  construction  of  the  remaining 
portion  of  their  line  not  already  provided  for.  The  extensions  and  improve- 
ments of  the  Canadian  Pacific  created  difificult  tasks  of  civil  engineering  which 
were  ably  performed  by  Mr.  Ross  who  at  the  same  time  considered  the  ques- 
tion of  railway  construction  in  South  America  for  which  he  had  options. 
The  railways  of  the  southern  continent  were  to  be  built  in  Argentine  and 
Chile  and  the  options  in  those  two  republics  alone  amounted  to  over  twenty 
million  dollars.  Mr.  Ross  was  also  interested  in  important  contracts  in  Chi- 
cago and  elsewhere. 

He  established  his  home  permanently  in  Montreal  in  1888  and  from  this 
point  supported  his  active  professional  interests,  contracting  and  building 
the  Regina  and  Long  Lake  Railways  some  two  hundred  and  fifty  miles  in 
length.  In  1889  he  supervised  the  construction  of  the  Calgary  &  Edmonton 
Railway,  three  hundred  miles  in  length. 

Having  proven  his  capability  in  the  field  of  steam  railway  construction 
Mr.  Ross,  in  1892,  largely  concentrated  his  energies  upon  problems  of  street 
railway  building  and  in  connection  with  Sir  William  Mackenzie  purchased 
the  Toronto  Railway  from  the  city  of  Toronto.  He  afterward  rebuilt  the 
tracks  and  installed  electric  power  in  the  operation  of  the  road.  In  1892  he 
undertook  the  reorganization  of  the  Montreal  Street  Railway,  changing  i; 
from  horse  car  to  electric  service.  He  was  at  the  head  of  the  syndicate  that 
purchased  the  franchise  from  the  old  City  Passenger  Railway  Company.  In 
the  same  way  he  converted  the  street  railways  of  Winnipeg  and  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick,  into  electric  lines  and  in  1896  he  joined  Sir  William  Mac- 
kenzie in  the  purchase  of  the  tramway  systems  of  Birmingham,  England, 
and  organized  the  City  of  Birmingham  Tramways  Company  for  the  operation 


26  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  the  road  under  an  electric  system.  In  the  following  year  he  secured  a 
charter  and  franchise  from  the  government  of  Jamaica  to  build  electric  tram- 
ways on  the  island. 

The  energy  and  enterprise  of  Mr.  Ross  seemed  limitless.  No  matter  how 
many  and  how  important  were  the  enterprises  with  which  he  wa*  actively 
connected  it  seemed  possible  for  him  to  take  on  others  and  become  a  factor 
in  their  successful  control.  He  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Lake  of  the 
Woods  Milling  Company  in  1887,  chief  promoter  of  the  Columbia  River 
Lumber  Company  in  1889  and  of  the  Canadian  Land  and  Investment  Com- 
pany in  1891.  His  opinions  carried  weight  in  the  councils  of  various  com- 
panies with  which  he  was  connected  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors, 
including  the  Bank  of  Montreal ;  Calgary  and  Edmonton  Land  Company, 
Limited ;  Canada  Life  Insurance  Company ;  Canada  Sugar  Refining  Company, 
Limited ;  Canadian  General  Electric  Company,  Limited ;  Laurentide  Paper 
Company,  Limited;  Royal  Trust  Company;  and  Dominion  Bridge  Company 
and  St.  John  Railway  Company,  of  which  two  last  named  he  was  president. 

Writing  of  his  business  career  a  local  paper  said :  "One  of  the  most  inter- 
esting periods  of  Mr.  Ross's  life  was  that  of  his  prominent  connection  with 
the  Dominion  Coal  and  the  Dominion  Iron  and  Steel  Companies,  lasting  for 
a  period  of  upwards  of  ten  years.  At  a  comparatively  early  stage  of  the 
development  of  the  coal  and  iron  industries  on  the  island  of  Cape  Breton, 
Mr.  Ross  with  his  customary  business  astuteness,  foresaw  the  possibilities 
of  great  development,  and  decided  to  invest  a  considerable  amount  of  his 
capital  there.  He  became  the  owner  of  a  large  block  of  shares  in  the  coal 
company,  and  after  the  promotion  of  the  Dominion  Iron  and  Steel  Company 
in  1901  he  became  a  director.  As  it  was  obvious  that  the  interests  of  the 
two  concerns  would,  if  steel  turned  out  a  success,  be  very  much  bound  up, 
Mr.  Ross  increased  his  holdings  in  coal  until,  in  the  same  year,  the  Steel  Com- 
pany was  launched,  his  interest  became  paramount,  and  he  was  placed  in  the 
position  of  being  able  to  dictate  the  policy  of  the  company.  Having  retired 
from  active  participation  in  many  of  the  interests  which  made  his  earlier 
career  such  a  busy  one,  he  determined  to  give  his  personal  attention  to  the 
development  of  his  Cape  Breton  interests  and  with  that  object  in  view  he 
accepted  the  office  of  vice  president  of  the  Dominion  Coal  Company  and 
managing  director  of  the  Dominion   Iron   and   Steel   Company  in   1901. 

"The  succeeding  years  were  destined  to  be  full  of  business  anxieties  and 
lively  contendings  but  his  keen  business  ability  and  foresight  brought  him  to 
the  end  of  his  active  connection  with  the  companies  a  much  richer  man  than 
when  he  went  in,  despite  the  loss  of  the  fight  in  the  courts  over  the  dispute 
about  the  terms  of  the  contract  for  the  supply  of  coal  to  the  Steel  Company, 
1907-08. 

"Besides  this  fight  Mr.  Ross  conducted  the  afTairs  of  the  Coal  Company 
through  disastrous  fires  which  seriously  affected  the  output  of  the  mines, 
and  labor  troubles  one  of  which  was  of  a  ])rotracted  and  costly  nature. 
Throughfjut  all  the  various  negotiations  which  were  almost  continuously 
carried  on  between  the  two  companies  for  years,  Mr.  Ross  found  his  i)ara- 
niiiunt  interest  was  in  the  Coal  Company  although  he  was  financially  and 
executively  interested  in  both,  so  that  eventually  he  withdrew  from  the  steel 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  27 

board  and  gave  his  whole  time  to  the  Coal  Com]jany,  beconiinj(  its  president, 
a  post  he  retained  until  Decenihcr.  i<;ow.  In  March,  Kjog.  at  the  annual  meet- 
ing of  the  Dominion  Coal  Comiiany,  Mr.  Ross  made  an  exhaustive  statement 
concerning  the  relations  of  the  two  companies  followins;  the  decision  of  the 
Privy  Council  in  the  precedini;-  month,  in  which  he  justilied  the  course  taken 
by  his  company.  He  explained  from  the  coal  point  of  view,  how  the  comjjany 
had  saved  the  Steel  Company  from  bankruptcy  at  a  critical  time  following 
the  termination  of  the  lease  of  the  Coal  Company  to  Steel  in  1903  and  the 
subsequent  dispute  which  became  acute  in  1906  and  reached  the  courts  the 
following  year.  The  final  settlement  of  the  terms  of  the  judgment  between 
the  two  companies  and  the  eventual  purchase  of  Mr.  Ross'  interest  in  coal 
for  four  million,  seven  hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars,  which  tnok  place 
late  in  1909  when  he  retired  from  the  presidency  and  Coal  was  amalgamated 
with  Steel,  concluded  the  most  interesting  and  strenuous  period  of  his  career. 

"Although  Mr.  Ross  had  strong  likes  and  dislikes  he  never  hesitated  to 
proclaim  openly  ability  he  .saw  in  the  make-up  of  a  business  opponent.  A 
conversation  during  the  progress  of  the  Steel  and  Coal  litigation  brought  out 
this  characteristic  to  a  marked  degree.  During  that  memorable  conflict  Mr. 
J.  H.  Plummer  and  Sir  William  \^an  Home  were  perhaps  more  prominently 
in  the  firing  line  on  the  Steel  side  than  any  one  else,  while  Mr.  Ross  for  the 
Coal  Company  was  the  inner  and  outer  defenses  and  commander-in-chief 
combined.  He  was  asked  one  day  while  discussing  the  possibilities  of  Cana- 
dian Pacific  Railway  stock  what  would  take  place  supposing  anything 
happened  to  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy,  whereupon  Mr.  Ross  said :  'This 
statement  will  surprise  you,  but  Van  Home  would  have  to  go  back,'  thus  pay- 
ing a  high  compliment  to  his  chief  adversary  in  the  Steel-Coal  conflict.  The 
manner  in  which  Mr.  Ross  came  to  the  rescue  of  a  very  important  brokerage 
firm,  the  head  of  which  is  now  dead,  the  day  following  President  Cleveland's 
message  on  the  Venezuelan  situation  was  another  indication,  not  only  of  his 
good  heart,  but  general  interest  in  the  financial  community.  The  market  was 
in  a  bad  way  generally  when  the  message  to  congress  accentuated  to  such  an 
extent  the  unrest  and  lack  of  confidence,  that  gilt-edged  securities  were 
without  buyers,  even  at  ruinous  prices.  The  financier  in  question  was 
desperately  in  need  of  funds  and  although  his  securities  were  of  the  best, 
the  then  general  manager  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  who  has  also  passed  away, 
did  not  consider  himself  justified  in  making  the  advance.  When  James  Ross 
heard  of  the  aiifair  he  came  forward  and  said :  'We  cannot  afTord  to  allow 
this  man  to  go  to  the  wall,  for  if  he  goes  half  of  St.  Frangois  Xavier  street 
will  tumble  with  him.  Give  him  a  million,  take  his  securities  and  charge 
the  amount  to  my  account.'  Another  public-spirited  director  assumed  half 
the  responsibility  and  a  very  grave  financial  smash  was  averted. 

"Mr.  Ross  was  first  president  of  the  Mexican  Light,  Heat  and  Power 
Company  and  during  his  several  visits  to  the  Mexican  capital  was  brought  in 
contact  with  the  then  ruling  spirits  of  the  republic.  He  at  once  formed  a 
very  high  opinion  of  the  then  president  with  whom  Mr.  Ross  had  several 
interesting  interviews,  touching  the  trade  relations  of  Canada  and  Mexico, 
and  with  that  never  erring  foresight  he  akso  stated  to  a  friend  on  his  return 
from  the  Mexican  capital  that  if  ever  Diaz  was  forced  to  relinquish  the  helm 


28  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  state,  trouble  would  follow  in  the  southern  republic  as  it  did  not  appear 
to  the  Montreal  financier  that  there  were  enough  of  trained  men  around  the 
then  president  to  carry  on  successfully  the  affairs  of  that  country,  and  the 
words  of  the  former  appear  to  have  been  prophetic. 

"Although  having  a  commanding  interest  in  many  other  establishments 
and  industries  Mr.  Ross  used  to  say  that  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway  and  the  Dominion  Coal  Company  were  nearest  his  heart. 
He  was  a  director  in  the  first  named  institution  since  1899,  the  largest  individ- 
ual shareholder  in  the  great  national  railway  system  and  up  to  a  few  years 
ago  the  president  and  the  holder  of  five  million  dollars  stock  in  the  last  named 
corporation.  Mr.  James  Ross  succeeded  the  late  Mr.  Hugh  McLennan  and 
had  been  in  consequence  director  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal  for  fourteen  years. 
Speaking  of  the  loss  that  institution  sustained  in  the  death  of  Mr.  Ross,  its 
vice  president  and  general  manager,  Mr.  H.  V.  Meredith,  said:  'We  have  lost 
an  eminently  strong  man  and  a  sound  adviser,'  while  Mr.  R.  B.  Angus,  the 
president,  spoke  of  him  as  a  very  able  director  of  the  bank  and  a  warm  per- 
sonal friend." 

About  the  time  that  Mr.  Ross  arrived  in  Canada  the  country  was  deeply 
engrossed  in  the  discussion  of  free  trade  versus  protection,  and  having  seen 
the  neighboring  republic  grow  from  an  agricultural  to  a  manufacturing  com- 
munity, and  realizing  what  the  same  fiscal  policy  would  do  for  Canada,  he  at 
once  espoused  the  cause  then  championed  by  Sir  John  Macdonald  and  Sir 
Charles  Tupper,  both  as  regards  the  fiscal  policy  of  the  Dominion  and  their 
railway  program  as  well.  Mr.  Ross  was  a  moderate  protectionist,  believing 
that  such  a  policy  was  mutually  beneficial  both  to  the  manufacturer  and  con- 
sumer. He  had  seen  such  states  as  Illinois,  Ohio,  Minnesota  and  other 
agricultural  sections  of  the  Union  vote  for  protection  and  often  when  appre- 
hension was  expressed  over  the  probable  outcome  of  a  moderately  protective 
tarifif  for  the  western  provinces  of  Canada,  Mr.  Ross  would  reply  that  the 
establishment  of  eastern  industries  all  over  the  west  would  soon  convert  the 
farmers  of  Alberta.  Manitoba  and  Saskatchewan  to  protectionist  ideas. 

In  1872  Mr.  Ross  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Annie  Kerr,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  John  Kerr  of  Kingston,  New  York,  and  sheriff  of  Ulster  county. 
They  had  one  son,  John  Kenneth  Levison  Ross,  who  married  Ethel  A.  Mat- 
thews, a  daughter  of  W.  D.  Matthews  of  Toronto,  and  they  have  two  chil- 
dren, James  Kenneth  and  Hylda  Annie.  Mrs.  James  Ross  is  deeply  interested 
in  organizations  for  promoting  aesthetic  tastes  and  is  active  in  support  of 
benevolent  and  charitable  projects.  She  is  a  director  of  the  Society  of  Deco- 
rative Art,  vice  president  of  the  English  section  of  the  woman's  branch  of 
the  Numismatic  and  Antiquarian  Society  and  is  president  of  the  Maternity 
Hospital  of  Montreal. 

Flags  at  half  mast  on  the  Bank  of  Montreal  and  the  Royal  Trust  Com- 
pany, on  September  20,  1913,  gave  official  announcement  to  the  financial  and 
business  community  that  Mr.  James  Ross,  director  of  the  institutions,  had 
passed  away.  It  is  fitting  in  a  review  of  his  life  that  one  take  cognizance  of 
his  many  good  deeds.  Aside  from  his  prominent  activity  in  railway  and 
financial  circles,  he  was  a  man  of  marked  i>uhlic  spirit  and  benevolence.  In 
1902   he  gave   to    Lindsay,   f^ntario,   and   the   county    of   Victoria,    the    Ross 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  29 

Memorial  Hospital  as  a  memorial  to  his  parents.  Two  years  later  Alexandra 
Hospital  of  Montreal  received  from  him  a  gift  of  twenty-five  thousand  dollars 
and  in  1910  he  gave  an  equal  amount  to  the  Montreal  Art  Association  of 
which  he  had  long  been  a  member  and  of  which  he  was  at  that  time  the  presi- 
dent. His  total  benefactions  to  the  Art  Association  amounted  to  over  a  quar- 
ter of  a  million.  In  his  will  he  made  the  following  public  bequests :  to  the 
Royal  Victoria  Hospital,  the  General  Hospital  and  the  Maternity  Hospital 
each  fifty  thousand  dollars;  to  Alexandra  Hospital  twenty-five  thousand  dol- 
lars ;  to  the  Montreal  Art  Association  and  to  McGill  University  each  one 
hundred  thousand  dollars  and  to  the  Ross  Memorial  Hospital  at  Lindsay, 
Ontario,  twenty-five  thousand  dollars.  He  also  remembered  many  of  his  old 
friends  and  took  special  care  that  his  servants  and  employes  should  be  pro- 
vided for. 

Mr.  Ross  was  identified  with  many  public  interests  and  ranked  with  loyal 
Canadians  whose  efforts  have  been  effective  forces  in  promoting  genera! 
progress. 

He  was  a  governor  of  McGill  University,  of  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital, 
of  the  Alexandra  Hospital  and  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane  at 
Montreal.  He  was  likewise  a  trustee  of  Bishop's  College  at  Lennoxville, 
P.  Q.,  and  in  1900  he  was  appointed  honorary  lieutenant  colonel  of  the  Duke 
of  York's  Royal  Canadian  Hussars.  He  took  an  active  interest  in  yachting 
and  was  the  owner  of  the  Glencairn,  which  won  the  Seawanhaka-Corinthian 
cup  for  half  raters  in  American  waters  in  1896.  He  subsequently  bought  the 
late  Joseph  Pulitzer's  large  steam  yacht,  Liberty,  of  one  thousand  six  hundred 
fifty  tons,  which  he  renamed  the  Glencairn,  and  in  which  he  spent  much  of 
his  vacation  time  in  the  Mediterranean.  It  might  be  interesting  to  note  here 
that  both  the  small  half  rater  and  the  large  steam  yacht  were  named  in 
memory  of  the  large  full-rigged  ship  Glencairn,  which  was  owned  and  com- 
manded by  his  late  father.  Captain  John  Ross,  of  Cromarty.  Mr.  James 
Ross  was  for  many  years  commodore  of  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club, 
and  was  honorary  commodore  for  life,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Roj-al  Yacht 
Squadron. 

Mr.  Ross  was  well  known  in  club  circles,  holding  membership  in  the 
Mount  Royal,  St.  James,  Forest  and  Stream,  Canada,  Montreal  Hunt,  Mon- 
treal Jockey,  Montreal  Racquet  and  Montreal  Curling  Clubs  of  Montreal ;. 
Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa ;  Manitoba  Club  of  Winnipeg ;  Toronto  Royal  Cana- 
dian Yacht  and  York  Clubs  of  Toronto;  Union  Club  of  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick ;  Halifax  Club  of  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia ;  New  York  Yacht  and  Manhattan- 
Clubs  of  New  York;  Royal  C.  B.  Yacht  Club  of  Sydney,  Nova  Scotia;  and 
the  Constitutional  Club  of  London,   England. 

Following  the  demise  of  Mr.  Ross  the  Gazette  of  September  22,  1913.  said 
editorially :  "The  history  of  James  Ross  is  to  some  extent  the  history  of  the 
financial  and  creative  progress  of  Canada.  He  has  been  associated  with 
many  of  our  greatest  enterprises  and  always  in  positions  of  prominence  and 
leadership.  In  anv  list  of  citizens  whose  financial  power  must  be  reckoned 
with  in  predicting  the  course  of  supreme  events  in  this  country,  the  name 
of  James  Ross  would  have  stood  near  the  top.  Many  of  his  fellow  citizens 
will  think  of  him,  however,  as  a  generous  and  discriminating  collector  and 


30  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

exhibitor  of  art.  At  a  time  when  Montreal  had  not  many  men  who  both 
appreciated  and  possessed  the  financial  ability  to  purchase  splendid  speci- 
mens of  the  best  art  which  the  old  world  has  produced,  James  Ross  entered 
that  field,  and  soon  made  his  private  collection  one  of  the  things  of  which 
Montrealers  were  proud.  The  pubHc  generally  have  had  a  chance  to  admire 
some  of  his  treasures  at  Loan  Exhibitions :  and,  in  this  fashion,  the  pleasure 
and  benefit  of  his  collection  have  been  widely  shared." 

Tributes  of  respect  and  regard  were  paid  to  Mr.  Ross  by  people  in  every 
station  in  life.  The  high  and  the  low,  the  rich  and  the  poor  did  him  honor. 
The  following  letter  was  received  by  his  son,  Mr.  James  K.  L.  Ross: 

"The  engineers  on  the  S.  and  L.  were  much  surprised  and  deeply  grieved 
when  we  heard  that  your  father  had  passed  away.  Our  deepest  sympathy 
goes  out  to  you  in  your  sad  bereavement.  \\'e  all  feel  that  we  have  lost  a 
good  and  true  friend.  No  other  man  we  have  worked  for  gave  our  men  the 
feeling  of  security  in  their  position  that  he  did.  We  always  were  satisfied 
that  if  we  did  what  was  right  no  other  influence  could  hurt  us  or  our 
families.  When  some  of  us  were  unfortunate  enough  to  err  in  judgment  and 
our  error  cost  the  company  quite  a  lot,  in  the  usual  course  of  railways  the 
officials  had  nothing  to  do  but  severely  discipline  us.  Your  father  used  his 
own  position  not  to  discipline  our  men  but  to  give  them  a  good  man's 
advice,  which  has  helped  our  men  and  also  the  company  which  he  then  pre- 
sided over.  Acts  like  these  are  never  forgotten  by  railway  men  and  there 
were  many  sincere  expressions  of  sorrow  heard  when  the  news  of  his  death 
flashed  over  our  road.  They  have  also  instructed  us  to  convey  to  your  sor- 
rowing mother  our  deepest  sympathy  in  her  trying  hour. 

"On  behalf  of  the  S.  and  L.  engineers,  we  are  sincerely  yours  (Signed) 
D.  W.  Macdonald,  chairman;  Parker  Holmes,  secretary  and  treasurer;  Hugh 
MacPherson,  chief  engineer. 

"Glace  Bay,  Cape  Breton,  Canada,  September  20,  191 3." 

Another  well  merited  tribute  being  from  Principal  Peterson  of  McGill 
University,  who  said : 

"The  otlier  day  we  were  greatly  gratified  to  learn  that  a  member  of  the 
board  of  governors,  the  late  James  Ross,  had  remembered  McGill  University 
in  his  will  to  the  extent  of  one  hundred  thousand  dollars.  Mr.  Ross  was  one 
of  our  friends.  His  connection  with  the  administration'of  the  university  had 
given  him  many  opportunities  of  appreciating  the  difficulty  of  carrying  on  an 
institution  whose  needs  in  the  very  nature  of  things,  are  always  outrunning 
its  resources;  and  his  kindly  thought  of  us  has  touched  a  chord  in  our  hearts 
that  vibrates  with  gratitude  and  appreciation. 

"It  is  a  melancholy  pleasure  to  record  also  our  indebtedness  to  Mr.  Ross 
for  much  help  and  advice  given  as  a  mcml)er  of  the  governing  body  of  the 
university,  especially  in  the  department  of  mechanical  engineering.  Besides 
being  a  great  and  experienced  engineer,  he  was  a  patron  also  of  the  arts 
and  sciences.  He  took  an  active  interest  also  in  the  well-being  of  our  hos- 
pitals, and  as  they  are  in  a  sense  university  institutions,  his  bequests  to  the 
Royal  Victoria  and  Maternity  Hospitals  may  l)c  ciicd  here  as  additional 
reasons  for  gratitude.  Me  was  a  man  of  high  artistic  culture,  one  who  "loved, 
that    beauty    should    go    l)cautifully."      Mere    sjjlcndor    without    taste    would 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  31 

always  have  been  repellent  to  him.  Perhaps  his  best  memorial,  apart  from 
the  magnificent  collection  of  pictures  which  he  got  together  with  such  care 
and  discrimination,  and  which  was  the  joy  and  pride  of  his  wide  circle  of 
friends,  will  be  the  beautiful  building  on  Sherbrooke  street  to  which  he  has 
contributed  so  largely  as  the  permanent  home  of  the  Art  Association.  Such 
men  lend  valuable  aid  in  the  way  of  enabling  a  community  to  realize  some 
aspects  of  its  higher  self." 


WALTER  R.  L.  SHANKS. 

Among  the  younger  members  of  the  well  known  and  distinguished  law  firm 
of  Brown,  ^lontgomery  &  McMichael,  advocates  and  barristers,  is  Walter  R.  L. 
Shanks.  He  was  born  March  20,  1886,  at  Millers  Falls,  Massachusetts.  In  1908 
he  received  from  McGill  University  the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  and  in  191 1  that 
of  Bachelor  of  Civil  Law.  In  July  of  that  year  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and 
has  since  been  a  member  of  the  above  firm.  Mr.  Shanks  is  a  young  lawyer  of 
promise,  and  it  may  be  said  that  his  ability — or  such  ability  as  his  opportunities 
have  permitted  him  to  demonstrate — entitles  him  to  be  included  among  those 
yoimg  men  to  whom  the  future  holds  out  rich  fields  along  professional  lines. 
Mr.  Shanks  is  socially  popular  and  is  a  member  of  the  L'niversity  Club  of  Mon- 
treal and  the  Phi  Delta  Theta  fraternitv. 


GEORGE  ALEXANDER  BROWN,  M.  D. 

George  Alexander  Brown,  M.  D.,  one  of  the  best  known  physicians  of  Mon- 
treal, his  powers  developing  through  the  exercise  of  effort,  was  born  in  Char- 
lottetown.  Prince  Edward  Island,  on  the  28th  of  June,  1866.  The  Browns  are 
one  of  the  old  families  on  that  island  and  representatives  of  the  name  in  different 
generations  have  been  prominently  identified  with  professional  interests.  The 
paternal  grandfather  of  Dr.  Brown  was  president  of  the  Prince  of  Wales  College, 
while  the  maternal  grandfather  was  the  leader  of  the  government  in  Charlotte- 
town  for  twenty-one  years 

Reared  in  the  place  of  his  nativity.  Dr.  Brown  pursued  his  early  education 
in  St.  Peters  Boys'  School  and  subsequently  continued  his  studies  in  Kings  Col- 
lege University  at  Windsor,  Nova  Scotia.  The  classical  course  which  he  there 
pursued  constituted  the  foundation  upon  which  he  built  the  superstructure  of 
professional  learning.  Entering  McGill  University,  he  won  the  degrees  of  M.  D 
and  C.  M.  from  that  institution  where  he  graduated  with  the  class  of  1889.  Dur- 
ing the  succeeding  year  and  a  half  he  was  resident  physician  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital,  thus  putting  his  theoretical  knowledge  to  the  practical  test  and 
gaining  that  broad  and  valuable  experience  which  only  hospital  practice  can  give. 
For  more  than  twenty  years  Dr.  Brown  has  successfully  followed  his  profession 
in  Montreal  and  in  addition  to  an  extensive  private  practice  is  acting  as  physician 
to  the  Montreal  Dispensary  and  is  in  charge  of  the  tubercular  clinic.     He  has 


32  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

been  a  close  and  constant  student  of  his  profession,  interested  in  all  that  tends  to 
bring  to  man  the  key  to  the  complex  mystery  which  we  call  life  and  his  own 
investigations  and  research  have  resulted  in  bringing  to  light  some  valuable  truths. 

In  February,  1906,  he  submitted  to  the  Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  Society, 
a  new  treatment  for  consumption  which  he  has  used  in  his  practice  with  great 
success.  This  consists  of  the  injection  into  the  human  system  of  a  solution  prin- 
cipally of  iodine  and  in  April,  1912,  he  read  before  the  International  Tubercular 
Congress  at  Rome,  Italy,  a  paper  upon  this  treatment.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
Montreal  Medical  Society  and  keeps  in  close  touch  \Vith  the  advanced  work  that 
is  being  done  by  fellow  members  of  the  profession  through  the  perusal  of  med- 
ical journals  and  the  latest  contributions  to  medical  literature  as  well  as  through 
his  connection  with  medical  societies. 

Dr.  Brown  was  united  in  marriage  to  Mrs.  Elizabeth  (Conroy)  Muldoon  of 
Watertown,  who  by  her  former  marriage  had  two  children,  William  and  Ella. 
Dr.  and  Mrs.  Brown  have  become  the  parents  of  two  children,  Elsie  and  Basil. 
They  have  a  wide  acquaintance  socially  and  are  connected  with  the  Unitarian 
Society,  while  Dr.  Brown  is  also  a  member  of  the  University  Club.  Year  by  year 
has  marked  his  steady  progress  in  his  profession,  and  today  his  position  of  promi- 
nence is  accorded  him  by  the  consensus  of  opinion  on  the  part  of  colleagues  and 
contemporaries. 


SIR  EDWARD  SEABORNE  CLOUSTON. 

High  on  the  keystone  of  Canada's  financial  arch  was  inscribed  the  name  of 
Sir  Edward  Clouston,  of  whom  a  leading  journalist  wrote:  "He  was  one  of  the 
mainsprings  of  Canada's  progress."  Not  only  did  he  achieve  notable  results  in 
his  own  career  but  was  also  the  adviser  and  counsellor  of  many  who  have  stood 
highest  in  the  public  life  and  activities  of  the  Dominion,  and  thus  a  notable  figure 
passed  from  the  stage  of  earthly  activities  when  he  was  called  to  his  final  rest  on 
the  23d  of  November,  1912.  He  was  then  still  in  the  prime  of  life,  his  birth 
having  occurred  at  Moose  Factory  on  James  Bay,  Alay  9,  1849,  his  parents  being 
James  Stewart  and  Margaret  Clouston.  The  father,  a  native  of  Stromness,  Ork- 
ney, Scotland,  was  a  chief  factor  in  the  Hudson's  Bay  service.  The  mother  was 
the  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  S.  Miles,  also  prominently  connected  with  the 
Hudson's  Bay  Company.  Sent  to  Montreal  to  continue  his  education,  the  son 
became  a  pupil  in  the  high  school,  of  which  Aspinwall  I  low  was  then  head  master. 
Subsequently  he  spent  a  year  in  the  service  of  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  and 
then  returned  to  Montreal  when  a  youth  of  sixteen  to  become  junior  clerk  in  the 
Bank  of  Montreal,  entering  that  institution  in  1865.  This  was  the  initial  step  in 
his  successful  career  as  one  of  Canada's  foremost  financiers.  In  his  twentieth 
year  he  was  appointed  accountant  at  Brockville  and  two  years  later  was' transferred 
to  Hamilton  in  the  same  capacity.  In  1874  he  became  assistant  accountant  at 
Montreal,  was  attached  to  the  London,  England,  ofiice  and  also  to  the  New  York 
office  in  1875.  Five  years  later  he  was  made  manager  of  the  Montreal  branch 
and  in  1887  was  promoted  to  the  position  of  assistant  general  manager.  In 
1889  he  became  acting  general  manager  and  from  1890  was  general  manager,  being 


SIR    EDW'AKl)   S.  CLorSTUX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  35 

"called  to  that  position  of  grave  and  great  responsibility  when  but  forty-one  years 
of  age.  Throughout  the  years  of  his  connection  with  the  bank  he  had  ever  in 
mind,  not  only  the  interest  of  the  shareholders,  but  also  the  welfare  of  his 
subordinates,  many  of  whom  received  from  him  unusual  consideration  and 
kindness.  Sir  Edward  Clouston's  tenure  of  office  in  the  Bank  of  Montreal  was 
longer  than  that  of  any  of  his  predecessors,  the  presidency  during  these  years 
having  been  filled  by  Sir  Donald  Smith,  afterward  Lord  Strathcona  and  Mount 
Royal ;  Sir  George  Drummond  and  Mr.  R.  B.  Angus,  hi  retiring  from  the  general 
managership  Sir  Edward  Clouston  retained  the  vice  presidency,  which  he  had  held 
since  Sir  George  Drummond  became  president  in  1906.  Li  his  official 
capacity  as  vice  president  he  regularly  attended  the  board  meetings  and  never 
ceased  to  be  in  close  touch  with  the  important  affairs  and  interests  of  the  bank. 
The  prominent  place  which  he  held  in  the  regard  of  the  leading  financiers  of  the 
country  is  shown  by  the  fact  that  he  was  again  and  again  elected  to  the  presidency 
of  the  Canadian  Bankers  Association.  He  was  thus  in  constant  touch  with  the 
financial  world  and  his  advice  upon  matters  connected  with  it  was  frequently 
sought  by  the  different  finance  ministers  of  the  Dominion,  for  no  man  in  Canada 
had  a  surer  grasp  of  difficult  financial  problems,  and  his  genius  in  this  respect  was 
an  enormous  asset  to  the  great  institution  with  which  he  was  so  long  connected. 
His  discernment  was  keen  and  his  insight  enabled  him  readily  to  recognize  the 
possibilities  and  probable  outcome  of  any  business  situation.  The  Montreal  Herald 
spoke  of  him  as  "  a  man  of  few  words,  of  unerring  accuracy  in  his  judgments  and 
of  a  caution  in  business  transactions  which,  while  it  protects  the  bank  from  loss, 
does  not  hinder  its  development."  The  Montreal  Witness  said :  "Sir  Edward 
Clouston  possesses  in  extraordinary  degree  that  sixth  sense'  of  the  banker — 
intuition  as  to  character,  rapid  analysis  of  method,  what  is  in  a  proposition  from 
the  first  chapter  to  the  last — in  short  knowing  who  and  what  to  trust."  It  was 
these  qualities  which  made  his  cooperation  sought  in  various  directions  and 
brought  him  prominently  before  the  public  in  various  important  commercial  and 
financial  connections.  He  was  vice  president  of  the  Royal  Trust  Company;  a 
director  of  the  Guarantee  Company  of  North  America,  the  Canadian  Cottons, 
Limited,  the  Canada  Sugar  Refining  Company,  the  Ogilvie  Flour  Mills  Company, 
the  Kaministikwia  Power  Company.  He  was  chairman  of  the  Canadian  board 
of  the  Liverpool  &  London  &  Globe  Insurance  Company  and  the  Mutual  Life 
Insurance  Company  of  New  York.  His  cooperation  and  support  extended  to 
various  other  projects  of  a  public  or  semi-public  character,  and  at  all  times  he 
manifested  a  deep  interest  in  those  projects  relating  to  general  progress  and  im- 
provement or  the  betterment  of  social,  intellectual,  political  and  moral  conditions. 
He  was  vice  president  of  the  Parks  and  Play  Grounds  Association  and  The  Crema- 
torium, Limited,  was  president  of  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital  and  a  governor  of 
the  Montreal  General,  Montreal  Maternity,  Alexandra  and  Western  Hospitals,  the 
Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane,  the  Eraser  Institute,  the  Montreal  Dispensary, 
the  Victorian  Order  of  Nurses,  and  McGill  University.  In  1910  he  was  one  of  the 
principal  promoters  of  the  Typhoid  Emergency  Hospital  and  was  a  member  of  the 
executive  committee  of  the  local  branch  of  St.  John's  Ambulance  Association. 
He  was  honorary  treasurer  of  the  King  Edw^ard  VII  Memorial  Fund  and  of  many 
other  commemorative  and  charitable  funds.  He  w-as  a  patron  of  art,  and  possessed 
many  fine  pictures  himself,  while  the  Montreal  Art  Association  numbered  him 


36  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

as  one  of  its  counselors  as  well  as  one  of  its  generous  benefactors.  Sir  Edward 
Clouston  was  also  well  known  as  a  sportsman,  taking  an  active  interest  in  early 
life  in  football  and  lacrosse,  and  he  was  also  a  well  known  racquet  player.  He 
was  captain  of  the  Canadian  team  which  played  the  Harvard  Universit)  Foot- 
ball Club  in  1875.  He  was  president  of  the  Montreal  Racquet  Club  in  1888 
and  was  appointed  a  trustee  of  the  ^linto  challenge  lacrosse  cup  in  1901.  Sir 
Edward  was  ever  willing  to  encourage  the  amateurs  in  sports,  and  in  addition 
to  those  already  mentioned  he  was  a  devotee  of  snowshoeing  and  fancy  skating. 
In  later  years  he  became  an  enthusiastic  yachtsman,  motorist  and  golfer.  He 
was  also  a  clever  swimmer  himself  and  did  a  great  deal  to  advance  the  sport 
in  many  ways.  He  was  the  donor  of  a  trophy  for  competition  among  the  members 
of  the  Royal  Life  Saving  Station,  which  is  being  competed  for  annually,  and 
many  other  such  trophies  were  presented  through  his  generosity.  When  the 
Rugby  Club  was  organized  as  a  branch  of  the  Montreal  Athletic  Association  he 
became  an  active  executive  officer.  He  was  one  of  the  trustees  of  the  Stanley 
cup  in  the  early  days  of  its  competition  and  acted  as  an  official  at  many  of  the 
championships  held  under  the  auspices  of  the  Amateur  Skating  Association  of 
Canada. 

In  November,  1878,  Sir  Edward  Clouston  married  Annie,  youngest  daughter 
of  George  Easton,  collector  of  Her  ^Majesty's  customs  at  Brockville,  Ontario. 
Lady  Clouston,  who  survives  him,  keeps  up  the  beautiful  and  historic  estate  at 
St.  Annes,  known  as  Bois  Briant,  which  was  the  pride  and  delight  of  Sir 
Edward's  later  years,  and  she  also  maintains  the  home  at  No.  362  Peel  street  in 
Montreal,  known  so  long  as  the  city  residence  of  the  general  manager  of  the 
Bank  of  Montreal.  This  was  Sir  Edward's  favorite  title.  President  and  vice 
president  appealed  to  him  but  little :  it  was  as  an  administrator  that  he  won  and 
held  his  fame.  He  was  mentioned  as  successor  to  Lord  Strathcona  as  high 
commissioner  for  Canada  in  Great  Britain  in  1909.  The  previous  year  he  had 
been  created  a  Ijaronet  and  in  191 1  he  was  appointed  a  Knight  of  Grace  of  the 
Order  of  the  Hospital  of  St.  John  of  Jerusalem  in  England.  He  was  one  of  the 
best  known  club  men  of  Canada,  belonging  to  Mount  Royal  Club:  St.  James 
Clulj;  Auto  and  .Aero  Club;  Forest  and  Stream  Club;  M.  A.  A.  A.;  Montreal 
Hunt  Club;  Alontreal  Jockey  Clula ;  Royal  'Montreal  Golf  Club;  Royal  St.  Law- 
rence Yacht  Club ;  St.  George  Snowshoe  Club ;  Toronto  Club  and  York  Club, 
Toronto ;  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa :  Manhattan  Club,  New  York ;  and  Piath  Club 
and  River  Thames  Yacht  Club,  London,  England. 

In  a  review  of  his  life  history  many  points  stand  out  prominently.  Within 
a  quarter  of  a  century  he  rose  from  an  humble  position  in  the  bank  to  that 
of  general  manager  and  remained  vice  j^resident  until  his  demise.  He  was  the 
recognized  leader  of  finance,  whose  counsel  was  sought  and  xalued  in  connection 
with  the  greatest  undertakings.  His  business  genius  and  jiublic  spirit  went  hand 
in  hand  and  each  constituted  factors  in  the  progress  and  upbuilding  of  Canada  and 
in  the  development  and  promotion  of  the  coimtry's  interests.  His  influence  was 
far-reaching  and  effective  as  a  force  in  national  prosperity  and  greatness. 

One  who  knew  Sir  Edward  best  summed  up  his  character  in  the  following 
article,  which  appeared  in  the  journal  nf  tlie  Canadian  Bankers  Association  after 
his  death:  "In  life  Sir  Edward  CUniston  was  a  man  of  few  words  and  I  have 
ffit  tliat  silence  is  my  most  fitting  tribute  to  his  memory.     He  was  not  an  osten- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  37 

tatious  man ;  he  employed  neither  press  agents  nor  stage  managers.  Many  of  his 
generous  actions  are  known  only  to  the  writer  of  these  lines;  many  others  are 
known  only  to  his  Maker." 


PHILIBERT  BAUDOUIN. 

Philibert  Baudouin,  who  has  been  a  representative  of  the  notarial  profession 
since  1858,  although  for  some  years  his  attention  was  given  to  finance,  was  born 
at  Repentigny,  Quebec,  April  27,  1836.  He  is  a  descendant  in  the  direct  line  of 
Jean  Baudouin,  who  was  here  bartering  with  the  Indians  as  early  as  1656,  fourteen 
years  after  Montreal  was  founded  by  de  ^laisonneuve.  In  a  fight  with  the  Iro- 
quois in  1660,  when  he  killed  one  of  their  chieftains,  Jean  Baudouin  was  taken 
and  led  as  a  prisoner  to  the  enemy's  country,  whence  he  returned  eighteen  months 
afterward,  having  in  the  meantime  learned  the  Iroquois  language.  A  short 
time  subsequent  to  his  return  he  married  and  soon  settled  in  the  parish  of  Pointe- 
aux-Trembles,  where  he  died  peacefully.  He  had  lost  his  eldest  son  in  an 
ambush  laid  by  the  same  astute  foes  in  1690.  One  of  his  sons,  Frangois,  took  a 
farm  from  the  Seignior  on  L'Assomption  river  in  1699,  near  the  present  site  of 
Charlemagne,  and  a  few  years  afterward,  in  1716,  purchased  the  homestead  on 
the  north  bank  of  the  river  St.  Lawrence,  in  the  parish  and  Seigniory  of  Repen- 
tigny, where  he  went  to  live  and  there  sjjent  his  remaining  days.  This  homestead 
remained  in  the  family  for  almost  two  centuries,  passing  from  father  to  son  for 
four  generations.  Francois  Baudouin  left  it  to  his  son  Pierre,  who  married  three 
times  and  left  it  to  his  son  Raymond.  Raymond  was  drowned  and  his  widow 
made  a  gift  of  it  to  their  son  Pierre.  From  this  last  Pierre  Baudouin  it  went  to 
Zoel  Baudouin,  one  of  his  sons,  whose  daughter  and  only  heir,  Mrs.  Edmond 
Robillard,  of  St.  Paul  I'Hermite,  sold  it  to  its  present  owner,  Mr.  Dechamp. 

Philibert  Baudouin  is  a  son  of  Pierre  and  Marguerite  (Etu)  Baudouin,  the 
latter,  like  her  husband,  belonging  to  one  of  the  old  families  established  in  this 
province  in  the  seventeenth  century.  The  mother's  name  was  then  written 
Estur,  which  has  since  been  wrongly  changed  to  Iletu.  The  family  name  Baudouin 
should  be  so  spelled  instead  of  Beaudoin,  as  so  often  met  with  at  the  present  time. 
It  is  derived  from  two  Saxon  words,  bald  and  win,  and  was  latinized  by  the 
early  chroniclers,  becoming  Balduinus,  which  was  later  translated  into  French  as 
Baudouin  but  remained  Baldwin  in  English.  The  first  one  who  settled  in  Mon- 
treal very  properly  signed  his  name  Jean  Baudouin,  as  may  be  seen  on  the  old 
records  in  the  clerk's  office,  and  in  France  it  is  still  written  in  the  same  way. 
Besides  being  a  progressive  farmer  Pierre  Baudouin  was  a  church  warden  and 
a  captain  in  the  militia. 

Philibert  Baudouin  was  educated  at  L'Assomption  College,  in  the  town  of 
L'Assomption,  where  he  pursued  a  full  classical  course,  completed  in  1854.  He 
then  prepared  for  the  notarial  profession,  to  which  he  was  admitted  in  1858. 
In  i860  he  settled  for  practice  in  the  town  of  Iberville  and  after  nearly  fifteen 
years  devoted  to  the  profession  he  turned  his  attention  to  finance,  devoting  his 
energies  and  activities  thereto  until  1893,  when  he  removed  to  Montreal  and 
resumed  the  practice  of  the  notarial  profession.     He  has  now  passed  the  seventv- 


38  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

eighth  milestone  on  life's  journey,  but  is  still  an  active  man.  From  1862  until 
1873  he  was  county  clerk,  clerk  of  the  circuit  court  for  the  county  of  Iberville 
and  town  clerk  of  Iberville,  his  decade  of  public  service  being  characterized  by 
the  utmost  fidelity  to  duty.  His  financial  activities  covered  nearly  twenty  years 
as  bank  manager  in  St.  Johns,  Quebec. 

On  the  22d  of  August,  1864,  in  St.  Jolms,  Mr.  Baudouin  was  married  to 
Miss  Caroline  A.  Marchand,  a  daughter  of  Louis  Marchand,  deputy  protonotary 
at  St.  Johns,  and  of  Delphine  Phineas.  Mrs.  Baudouin  belongs  to  the  old 
Marchand  family  which  settled  in  St.  Johns  in  the  early  part  of  the  nineteenth 
century.  There  were  three  brothers,  Frangois,  Gabriel  and  Louis,  the  second 
being  the  father  of  the  Hon.  F.  G.  Marchand,  late  premier  of  the  province  of 
Quebec.  Her  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Isaac  Phineas.  for  a  long  time  agent  at 
Maskinonge,  of  Seignior  Pothier's  estate,  and  who  was  an  intimate  friend  of 
the  Hart  family  of  Three  Rivers.  Seven  sons  and  two  daughters  have  been 
born  of  the  marriage  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Baudouin,  Philibert,  Annette,  Gustave, 
Rodolphe,  Joseph,  Jean,  Charles,  Louise  and  Oscar.  The  elder  daughter  became 
the  wife  of  Dr.  J.  C.  Tasse,  of  Worcester,  Massachusetts.  Gustave  married 
Augustine  Hardy,  of  Quebec.  Joseph  wedded  Julie  Caty,  of  Montreal.  Jean 
married  Alice  Hamilton,  of  Montreal.  Oscar  married  Hilda  Julien,  of  Montreal. 
Louise  is  the  wife  of  Alfred  Masson,  of  Valleyfield,  a  grandson  of  Dr.  L.  H. 
Masson,  who  took  a  leading  part  in  the  troublous  times  of  1837-38. 

Mr.  Baudouin  is  a  supporter  of  the  old  conservative  party,  but  has  never 
taken  a  leading  part  in  the  political  contests,  especially  so  in  his  advanced  years, 
when  he  recognizes  the  fact  that  political  leaders  too  often  are  using  their  power 
for  their  own  preferment  instead  of  the  public  good. 


JOSEPH  ADELARD  DESCARRIES,  K.  C. 

In  every  community  there  are  men  of  broad  charity  and  intelligent  public 
spirit,  of  high  integrity  and  sincerity  of  purpose  and  of  resourceful  business 
ability  who  are  marked  as  leaders  in  development.  Worthy  of  being  classed  with 
men  of  this  character  is  Joseph  Adelard  Descarries,  one  of  the  eminent  members 
of  the  Montreal  bar  and  a  man  whose  name  figures  in  connection  with  the  legis- 
lative history  of  the  province  as  well  as  in  the  court  records.  Mr.  Descarries 
is  a  representative  of  one  of  the  oldest  families  of  the  province  and  one  whose 
members  have  been  identified  with  its  growth  and  development  since  the  earlier 
periods  of  settlement.  He  was  bom  at  St.  Timothee,  in  the  county  of  Beau- 
harnois,  Quebec,  November  7,  1853,  the  youngest  son  of  the  late  Pierre  and 
l''lizal)eth  (Gougeau)  Descarries. 

Having  mastered  the  branches  of  learning  taught  in  the  public  schools  of 
his  native  village,  Joseph  A.  Descarries  afterward  attended  Montreal  College, 
McGill  University  and  Laval  University,  graduating  from  the  latter  in  1879,  with 
the  degree  of  LL.  L.  He  studied  law  under  Hon.  Sir  Alcxandel"  Lacoste  and  was 
called  to  the  bar  in  1879,  at  which  time  he  began  practice  as  an  advocate.  He  was 
created  a  king's  counsellor  by  the  Earl  of  Derby  in  1893  and  for  more  than  a 
third  of  a  century  he  has  been  continuously  and  successfully  engaged   in  law 


.TOSKPH  A.  DESCARRIES 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  41 

practice  in  Montreal,  where  he  has  been  accorded  an  extensive  and  distinctively 
representative  clientage. 

I  lis  pnblic  work,  too,  has  been  of  an  important  character  and  has  indicated  his 
loyalty  to  the  highest  standards  of  government.  For  nine  consecutive  years  he 
was  mayor  of  Lachine,  giving  to  the  city  a  businesslike  and  progressive  adminis- 
tration. In  1892  he  was  elected  for  Jacques  Cartier  county  to  the  legislative 
assembly,  but  resigned  in  i8(X),  in  which  year  he  unsuccessfully  contested  a  seat 
in  the  house  of  commons.  Since  that  time  he  has  taken  no  active  part  in  politics 
aside  from  exercising  his  right  of  franchise  and  standing  stanclily  in  support 
of  principles  and  measures  in  which  he  believes.  He  is  now  president  of  the 
Lachine  Conservative  Club  and  is  also  president  of  the  St.  Jean  Baptiste  Society 
of  Lachine. 

Mr.  Descarries  is  the  largest  |)rivate  owner  of  real  estate  in  Lachine,  his 
holdings  including  some  of  the  finest  residential  properties  surrounding  Montreal. 
Some  years  ago  he  purchased  a  tract  of  land  eleven  acres  in  width  from  the 
Allan  family,  comprising  a  most  attractive  piece  of  property,  which  he  develoi)ed 
and  thus  added  greatly  to  the  upbuilding  of  the  district.  He  is  the  owner  of 
one  hundred  and  fifty-two  houses,  erecting  all  of  them  save  one,  and  in  their 
building  substantiality  has  always  been  a  feature.  Unlike  the  usual  structure 
built  merely  to  sell,  Mr.  Descarries  has  aimed  at  the  creation  of  an  estate  the 
ultimate  value  of  which  cannot  help  but  become  immense.  As  an  illustration  of 
the  change  in  realty  values,  caused  by  improvements  and  transformation  of  sur- 
roundings, it  may  be  cited  that  Mr.  Descarries  some  years  ago  purchased  a 
tract  of  land  of  four  hundred  acres,  on  which  the  taxes  were  at  that  time 
approximately  eighty  dollars,  while  today  for  less  than  one-third  of  this  land 
which  he  owns  the  taxes  are  more  than  three  thousand  dollars.  It  would  be 
difficult  to  estimate  the  value  to  a  community  of  operations  of  this  character.  Mr. 
Descarries  has  taken  an  active  part  in  the  upbuilding  of  industrial  interests,  and 
his  influence  has  been  an  important  factor  in  securing  for  Lachine  a  number  of 
valuable  industries,  all  of  which  have  materially  contributed  to  growth  and 
development  for  the  city,  enabling  it  to  take  a  prominent  rank  among  Montreal's 
suburban  cities.  Among  his  other  business  connections  Mr.  Descarries  is  presi- 
dent of  the  Wealthy  Mines  Company,  Limited,  and  a  director  of  Les  Champs 
d'Or  Rigaud  Vaudreuil. 

In  1881  Mr.  Descarries  was  married,  at  Chateauguay,  Quebec,  to  Miss  Marie 
Celina  Elmire,  a  daughter  of  A.  N.  Le  Pailleur,  a  notary  puljlic  of  Lachine. 
The  marriage  ceremony  was  performed  by  Monseigneur  Charles  Edward  Fabre, 
archbishop  of  Montreal.  Mrs.  Descarries  is  a  graduate  of  Mount  St.  Marie 
Convent  and  is  a  lady  of  superior  intelligence  and  high  qualities  of  mind.  Their 
children  are  as  follows.  Joseph  A.  P.,  who  was  graduated  from  'IMcGill  Uni- 
versity, specializing  in  chemistry,  founded  the  Lachine  Gas  Company,  of  which 
he  is  now  the  head.  He  married  Miss  Oliva  Forgues,  of  Outremont,  a  grad- 
uate of  St.  Anne's  Convent  at  Lachine.  They  have  two  children.  Olivette  and 
Marcelle.  Theophile  N.,  who  was  graduated  from  Laval  University,  is  an  advo- 
cate, associated  with  his  father  under  the  firm  name  of  Descarries  &  Descarries. 
He  married  Miss  Marie  Anne  Huot,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  G.  Huot,  of  Beau- 
harnois,  and  they  have  one  child.  Anne  Marie.  Aimee,  a  graduate  of  St.  Anne's 
Convent  of  Lachine,  is  a  young  lady  of  unusual  artistic  taste  and  skill.     Her 


42  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

work  as  a  painter  on  china  shows  exceptional  merit  and  inckides  some  of  the 
finest  specimens  of  this  decorative  art  exhibited  by  Canadian  artists.  Adelard, 
a  graduate  of  Mount  St.  Louis  College,  is  now  a  student  at  I'Ecole  des  Hautes 
Etudes.  Alarie  Rose  will  graduate  from  St.  Anne's  Convent  of  Lachine  in  the 
class  of  1914.  Auguste,  a  student  at  St.  Mary's  College,  is  a  young  man  of 
unusual  talent  and  promise,  whose  ability  as  an  organist  is  well  known. 

Mr.  Descarries'  pleasure  and  recreation  have  always  been  greatly  augmented 
when  in  the  company  of  his  family,  whose  entertainment,  like  their  rearing 
and  education,  has  never  been  neglected.  Estimating  highly  the  value  of  educa- 
tion, he  has  extended  to  his  children  exceptional  opportunities  for  intellectual 
development  and  they  constitute  a  family  that  would  be  a  distinct  credit  to  any 
parentage.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Descarries  have  always  maintained  a  companion- 
ship with  their  children  and  have  been  so  close  to  their  interests,  thoughts,  pur- 
poses and  plans  that  there  has  been  little  need  for  that  parental  discipline  which 
is  often  a  too  pronounced  feature  in  households.  Confidence  and  mutual  under- 
standing have  been  the  basis  of  the  family  relation,  rendering  this  a  most  attrac- 
tive household.  The  religious  belief  of  the  family  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic 
church,  and  Mr.  Descarries  has  for  several  years  been  president  of  the  St.  Vin- 
cent de  Paul  Society.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Club  Lafontaine,  the  Lachine 
Snowshoe  Club  and  the  Auto  and  Aero  Club  of  Montreal. 

No  history  of  Mr.  Descarries  would  be  complete  without  mention  of  the 
fact  that  he  is  a  very  public-spirited  man,  liberal  and  generous  in  his  support 
of  any  movement  for  the  public  good  and  ever  ready  to  lend  his  assistance 
to  such  movements  as  will  contribute  to  the  advancement  of  the  city,  province 
and  Dominion.  He  has  been  a  very  successful  business  man,  not  only  as  regards 
the  accumulation  of  property  but  as  well  in  the  high  esteem  in  which  he  is  held. 
He  has  all  the  elements  of  a  man  in  whom  to  have  confidence,  dependable  in  any 
relation  and  in  any  emergency.  His  quietude  of  deportment,  his  easy  dignity, 
combined  with  an  innate  courtesy  and  politeness,  all  contribute  to  a  strong  per- 
sonality. The  splendid  use  he  has  made  of  his  time,  talents  and  opportunities 
has  equipped  him  for  the  important  and  valuable  work  he  has  been  doing  and 
which  has  given  decided  impetus  to  the  city's  progress  and  improvement,  iq.ihold- 
ing  as  well  its  legal,  political  and  moral  status. 


LOUIS  GUYON. 


Capability  and  loyalty  are  the  essential  attributes  of  the  man  who  would  fill 
the  office  of  chief  inspector  of  industrial  establishments  and  public  buildings  and 
properly  perform  the  arduous  and  responsible  duties  thereby  devolving  upon 
him.  Such  a  man  is  found  in  Louis  Guyon,  who  has  closely  studied  the  subject 
of  construction  and  all  that  relates  to  accidents  which  may  occur  in  building 
operations.  He  is  a  native  of  the  state  of  New  York,  having  been  born  at  Sandy 
Hill,  Washington  county.  Boyhood,  however,  found  him  located  in  Montreal 
where  he  jnirsued  his  education,  taking  special  courses  in  preparation  for  a  com- 
mercial career.  Almost  throughout  his  entire  life  he  has  been  in  the  public- 
service.     In  April,  1888,  he  was  ap]iointcd   factory  inspector  and  ni.iilc  a  most 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  43 

capable  official.  He  studied  in  every  available  way  in  order  to  know  what  should 
be  reciuired  of  factory  owners  and  operators  and  just  how  far  their  responsibility 
extended  in  the  jjrotection  of  emi)loyes.  He  traveled  widely  in  order  to  promote 
his  knowledge  of  that  character  and  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  Paris  convention 
on  accidents  in  18S9  and  again  in  upo.  His  qualifications  were  so  thoroughly 
recognized  that  he  was  made  chief  inspector  of  industrial  establishments  and  pub- 
lic buildings  in  January,  igoi,  and  has  since  occupied  this  position,  covering  a 
])criod  of  thirteen  years,  his  entire  course  being  one  which  commends  iiim  to  the 
continued  confidence  and  support  of  the  public.  As  inspector  he  has  studied  not 
only  to  find  wdiere  fault  may  lie  in  the  erection  of  buildings  or  in  the  care  of 
employes,  but  has  also  studied  the  best  methods  of  safeguarding  the  workers 
and  in  1903  he  founded  the  museum  of  appliances  for  the  prevention-  of  acci- 
dents. His  reputation  for  efficiency  in  his  special  field  continued  to  grow  and  in 
1910  he  was  made  president  of  the  International  Convention  of  Inspectors  of 
Factories.  No  one  is  more  deeply  interested  in  this  important  work  or  realizes 
more  fully  the  obligations  which  devolve  upon  the  employer  in  his  connection  with 
his  employes,  and  his  work  has  constituted  a  campaign  of  education  whereby  the 
public  has  come  to  know  what  are  the  needs  and  demands  of  the  hour  and  how 
best  to  meet  them. 


GEORGE  HADRILL. 

George  Hadrill,  secretary  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  is  one  whose 
opinions  concerning  business  conditions  are  largely  accepted  as  standard,  because 
of  his  broad  experience  and  his  thorough  study  of  matters  effecting  trade  rela- 
tions of  the  country.  For  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century  he  has  occupied 
his  present  position  and  has  been  called  into  conference  in  many  trade  councils. 
He  was  born  in  London,  England,  August  2,  1848,  a  son  of  George  and  Elizabeth 
(Bushell)  Hadrill.  His  education  was  acquired  in  the  metropolis,  and  he  spent 
the  earlier  years  of  his  business  life  in  that  city,  arriving  in  Canada  in  1874,  w'hen 
a  young  man  of  twenty-six  years.  Three  years  were  devoted  to  business  pur- 
suits before  he  joined  the  staff  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  in  1877.  His 
fitness  for  the  position  is  evidenced  in  the  fact  that  by  1880  he  had  been  pro- 
moted to  the  position  of  assistant  secretary.  Six  years  passed  and  in  1886  he  was 
made  secretary,  so  that  he  has  now  acted  in  that  capacity  for  twenty-eight  years. 
The  occasion  of  the  twenty-fifth  anniversary  of  his  acceptance  of  the  position  was- 
fittingly  celebrated,  and  a  cabinet  of  silverware  was  presented  him  by  the 
Montreal  Board  of  Trade. 

His  position  as  secretary  brings  him  into  close  contact  with  business  affairs 
and  trade  organizations  throughout  the  world.  He  has  been  a  delegate  to  sev- 
eral imperial  trade  congresses,  the  last  being  held  in  Sydney,  Australia.  By  invi- 
tation he  was  a  delegate  to  Xewfoundhuul  to  assist  in  the  formation  of  a  board 
of  trade  there  in  1909.  He  was  presented  in  1903  with  a  testimonial  from  British 
delegates  to  the  imperial  trade  congress  at  Montreal  in  acknowledgement  of  cour- 
tesies and  services  rendered  by  him.  In  1905  he  was  elected  an  honorary  member 
of  the  International  Board  of  Foreign  Trade  and  was  made  honorarv  secretary 


44  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  the  King  Edward  memorial  committee  of  Montreal  in  191 1.  His  position  has 
brought  him  into  close  connection  with  many  important  civic  and  municipal 
projects  with  which  the  Board  of  Trade  has  been  intimately  associated. 

In  1891  Mr.  Hadrill  married  Emmeline  Lilian,  the  daughter  of  J.  Albert  Cop- 
land of  Chelmsford,  England.  Mrs.  Hadrill  died  in  December,  1902.  Mr.  Had- 
rill has  been  a  director  of  St.  George's  Society  of  Alontreal  and  is  an  Anglican  in 
religious  faith.  The  Montreal  Herald  has  written  of  him  that  he  is  "a  man  of 
great  natural  abilities  as  a  statistician  and  accountant."  "He  possesses  unusual 
qualifications  for  his  office,  which  calls  for  a  display  of  diplomacy,  tact  and  so- 
cial qualities  as  well  as  for  purely  business  ability,"  writes  another  paper,  and 
this  opinion  is  corroborated  by  all  who  have  come  in  contact  with  him.  While 
thoroughly  systematic  and  methodical  in  managing  the  duties  of  his  position,  he 
has  at  the  same  time  that  ready  resourcefulness  which  enables  him  to  meet  an 
emergency  and  secure  from  it  the  best  possible  results. 


CHARLES  MELVILLE  HAYS. 

The  talcs  of  heroic  conduct  in  times  of  war  will  always  arouse  the  enthusi- 
asm and  call  forth  the  praise  of  those  who  hear  them,  but  heroism  is  by  no 
means  confined  to  the  men  who  wear  their  nation's  uniform  and  march  to 
the  sound  of  the  bugle.  It  has  been  manifest  where  there  were  none  to  wit- 
ness and  none  to  record  the  story  and  with  nothing  but  an  individual  sense 
of  duty  for  its  inspiration.  The  world  thrilled  with  the  story  of  the  heroism 
of  the  men,  who,  in  the  silence  of  the  night,  gave  women  and  children  over 
to  the  care  of  the  few  who  manned  the  lifeboats  and  quietly  awaited  death 
on  the  decks  of  the  steamship  Titanic  when  it  sank  on  its  maiden  trip  across 
the  Atlantic,  April  15,  1912.  Included  in  the  great  toll  of  human  lives 
exacted  by  this  catastrophe,  was  that  of  Charles  Melville  Hays,  president 
of  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railways  and  one  of  the  foremost  railroad  mag- 
nates of  his  generation.  His  was  the  master  mind  in  the  development  of  the 
Grand  Trunk  Pacific  and  his  work  for  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  has  become 
a  part  of  the  history  of  the  Dominion.  One  of  the  elements  of  his  success 
was  that  he  was  always  essentially  and  strictly  a  railroad  man,  never  dis- 
sipating his  energies  over  too  broad  a  field  but  concentrating  his  efforts  along 
that  single  line  of  activity. 

A  native  of  Rock  Island,  Illinois,  Mr.  Hays  was  born  in  1856.  and  was 
but  a  child  when  his  parents  removed  to  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  in  which  city 
he  was  reared  and  received  his  educational  training.  He  was  but  a  boy  of 
seventeen  when  he  started  out  in  life  on  his  own  account  as  a  clerk  in  the 
passenger  department  of  the  Atlantic  &  Pacific  Railway.  From  that  time 
on  his  advancement  was  continuous  and  rapid,  solely  the  result  of  his 
thoroughness,  efficiency  and  genuine  merit.  After  a  year  he  was  transferred 
to  the  auditor's  dejtartment  and  later  was  called  to  a  position  in  the  office 
of  the  general  superintendent,  where  his  aptitude,  enterprise  and  initiative 
were  soon  recognized.  From  1878  until  1884  he  was  secretary  to  the  general 
manager  of  the  Missouri  Pacific  Kailroad  and  in  the  latter  year  was  offered 


CHARLES  il.  HAYS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  47 

and  accepted  the  position  of  secretary  to  the  general  manager  of  the  Wabash 
&  St.  Louis  Pacific  Railway  Company. 

In  1886  he  was  appointed  general  manager  of  the  road  and  the  following 
year  became  general  manager  of  the  Wabash  Western,  comprising  all  of 
the  Wabash  lines  west  of  the  Mississippi  and  also  between  Chicago  and 
Detroit.  In  1889  he  was  appointed  general  manager  of  the  reorganized  and 
consolidated  Wabash  system  and  controlled  the  important  and  manifold 
interests  of  the  railway  for  six  years  or  until  he  resigned  to  become  general 
manager  of  the  Grand  Trunk,  succeeding  L.  J.  Seargeant.  Five  years  later 
he  left  the  Grand  Trunk  to  take  the  position  of  president  of  the  Southern 
Pacific  Railway  Company  but  remained  in  that  connection  for  only  a  year,  as 
the  railway  passed  under  the  control  of  the  Ilarriman  interests,  whose  policy  dif- 
fered from  that  of  Mr.  Hays.  About  that  time  he  received  a  communication  from 
Sir  Charles  Rivers  Wilson,  again  offering  him  the  position  of  general  manager 
of  the  Grand  Trunk  and  he  returned  to  the  latter  road  late  in  igoi  as  second 
vice  president  and  general  manager.  His  connection  therewith  was  con- 
tinuous from  that  time  until  his  demise,  and  mi  the  retirement  of  Sir  Charles 
Rivers  ^Vilson  in  October,  1909,  he  was  appointed  president.  In  the  mean- 
time his  connection  with  railway  interests  constantly  broadened,  making  him 
one  of  the  notable  figures  in  railway  circles  on  the  American  continent.  He 
became  president  of  the  Central  \'ermont  Railway,  the  Grand  Trunk  Western 
Railway,  the  Detroit,  Grand  Haven  &  Milwaukee  Railway,  the  Toledo,  Sagi- 
naw &  Muskegon  Railway,  the  Michigan  Air  Line  Railway,  the  Chicago, 
Detroit  and  Canada  Grand  Trunk  Junction  Railway,  the  Detroit  &  Toledo 
Shore  Line,  the  Southern  New  England  Railway  Company,  the  Canadian 
Express  Company,  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  Insurance  &  Provident  Society 
and  of  various  corporations  featuring  largely  as  factors  in  commercial  and 
industrial  development.  He  was  chosen  to  the  presidency  of  the  St.  Clair 
Tunnel  Company,  the  International  Bridge  Company,  the  Montreal  Ware- 
housing Company,  the  Portland  Elevator  Company  and  the  New  England 
Elevator  Company.  He  also  represented  the  Grand  Trunk  W'estern  Railway 
as  a  director  of  the  Chicago  &  W^estern  Indiana  Railway  and  Belt  Railway 
of  Chicago. 

In  1905  he  was  made  a  member  of  the  permanent  commission  of  the 
International  Railway  Congress '  and  also  a  director  of  the  United  States 
Mortgage  &  Trust  Company.  He  was  a  delegate  to  the  Imperial  Trades 
Congress  in  1903.  He  became  a  director  of  the  Royal  Trust  Company  and 
the  Merchants  Bank  of  Canada  and  a  director  of  the  Canadian  Board  of  the 
London  &  Lancashire  Life  Assurance  Company.  He  was  also  a  director  of 
the  Montreal  Horticultural  and  Fruit  Growing  Association — a  fact  which 
indicated  much  of  the  breadth  of  his  interests.  His  executive  ability  was 
sought  as  an  element  in  the  successful  management  of  various  benevolent, 
charitable  and  philanthropic  enterprises..  He  was  a  governor  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital,  a  governor  of  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital  and  a  governor 
of  the  McGill  University.  In  1907  he  was  decorated  with  the  Order  of  the 
Rising  Sun  (third  class)  by  the  emperor  of  Japan. 

He  was  a  man  of  remarkable  personality.  Obstacles  and  difficulties 
seemed   but  a    stimulus   for   renewed   effort   on   his   part   and   he   was   never 


48  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

happier  than  when  he  could  grasp  an  opportunity  and  utilize  it  to  the  fullest 
extent  or  untangle  a  knotty  problem  in  railway  management  and  control. 
Mr.  Hays  was  a  well  known  figure  in  club  circles,  belonging  to  the  Mount 
Royal,  St.  James,  Canada,  Forest  and  Stream,  Montreal  Jockey,  Montreal 
Hunt,  St.  Maurice  Fish  and  Game  Club  and  the  Laurentian  Club  of  Montreal 
and  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa.  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  had  termed  him  "a 
valuable  acquisition  to  Canada,"  and  the  Montreal  Witness  said  he  was  "a 
splendid  example  of  what  brains,  pluck  and  industry  can  overcome  and  accom- 
plish," while  the  Montreal  Standard  styled  him  "a  man  of  quiet  dignity,  whose 
sanity  and  strength  are  seen  and  felt  in  all  his  undertakings." 

Mr.  Hays  was  survived  by  his  widow,  who  was  Miss  Clara  J.  Gregg,  a 
daughter  of  William  H.  Gregg  of  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  and  four  daughters, 
Mrs.  George  D.  Hall,  of  Boston,  Mrs.  Thornton  Davidson,  Mrs.  A.  Harold 
Grier  and  Mrs.  Hope  C.  Scott,  of  Montreal. 

One  of  the  ships  that  hastened  to  the  relief  of  the  Titanic  recovered  the 
body  of  Mr.  Hays,  which  was  brought  back  to  Montreal  for  interment  and 
laid  to  rest  following  one  of  the  most  imposing  funerals  ever  accorded  a 
civilian  in  this  city.  Mr.  Hays  worshipped  at  the  American  Presbyterian 
church  of  Montreal  and  was  one  of  its  trustees,  but  retained  his  membership 
in  the  First  Presbyterian  church  of  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  and  in  the  memorial 
services  held  in  the  former  on  the  25th  of  April,  1912,  a  sermon  by  the  Rev. 
Dr.  McKittrick,  pastor  of  the  First  Presbyterian  church  of  St.  Louis,  follow- 
ing the  death  of  Mr.  Hays,  was  read.  He  said  in  part:  "The  colossal  catas- 
trophe of  the  seas  which  has  so  recently  startled  and  dismayed  the  civilized 
world  could  not  pass  today  entirely  unnoted  in  the  temples  of  the  living 
God.  Among  those  who  went  down  to  their  unexpected  and,  it  seems  to  our 
vision,  their  untimely  death,  there  was  no  man  who  worthily  had  a  higher 
position  in  the  social,  industrial  and  financial  world  than  Mr.  Charles  M. 
Hays,  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  of  Canada.  Since  commonly 
the  boy  is  father  of  the  man  we  might  almost  refer  to  him  as  'our  Mr.  Hays" 
for  he  was  once  in  our  Sunday  School,  and  afterwards  a  member  of  our 
Board  of  Trustees.  His  is  an  inspiring  example  to  all  our  boys  and  to  every 
boy  in  the  land  of  wdiat  may  be  accomplished  by  rightful  purpose,  industry, 
determination,  all  these  by  the  worthy  motives  which  variously  constitute 
character.  It  took  all  the  elements  which  are  found  in  a  manly  man  to  make 
first  so  notable  a  record  as  was  his  in  this  city,  and  then  to  create  for  him- 
self the  distinguished  name  and  for  his  undertaking  the  great  prosperity 
which  concerning  both  the  history  of  today  reveals." 

The  following  reference  to  Mr.  Hays'  life  and  work  was  made  at  the  close 
of  ])ublic  worship  in  the  American  Presbyterian  church,  Montreal,  on  Sab- 
bath, April  28th.  Dr.  Johnston  said:  "The  subject  that  we  have  been  con- 
sidering this  morning  has  unavoidably  suggested  to  you,  as  it  has  to  me,  many 
thoughts  regarding  the  life,  the  death  and  the  work  of  Mr.  Charles  M.  Hays 
whose  loss  our  land  mourns  today. 

"Much  has  already  been  said  of  Mr.  Hays  as  the  railway  magnate,  the 
man  of  enterprise,  the  devoted  hushaiul  and  father  and  the  loyal  friend. 
Upon  these  phases  of  his  character  1  will  net  therefore  further  dwell,  but 
there  remains  something  to  be  said  of  that  feature  of  his  life  which,  though 
less   conspicuous   to   the   general    public,   nevertheless   lay   deep   and    strong 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  49 

behind  all  these  other  characteristics,  and  was  indeed  the  inspiration  of  them. 
We  all  in  this  congregation  know  the  large  place  which  Mr.  Hays  gave  to  the 
work  and  worship  of  the  church,  and  the  readiness  with  which  his  time  and 
influence  were  always  lent  to  its  interests.  He  loved  the  House  of  God.  That 
love,  in  a  measure,  was  doubtless  the  result  of  early  training  in  a  home  of 
whose  deep  religious  character  he  ever  loved  to  speak  in  terms  of  afifection 
and  appreciation.  It  was  also  due  in  part  to  his  deep  sense  of  what  he  owed 
in  his  place  of  great  prominence  to  the  community  at  large,  and  to  a  younger 
generation  in  particular,  in  the  way  of  example.  Most  of  all,  however,  it 
was  due  to  his  appreciation  of  the  place  that  worship  should  have  in  every 
life,  and  to  his  deep  sense  of  the  need  of  every  soul  for  those  things  that  the 
House  of  God  and  its  services  can  give.  This  attitude  instead  of  lessening, 
as  in  so  many  lives  it  does,  as  responsibilities  increased,  and  honours  accu- 
mulated, deepened  in  Air.  Hays  with  the  passing  years. 

"The  continent-wide  enterprises  with  which  his  name  will  always  be  asso- 
ciated were  not  simply  enterprises  and  interests  to  him.  They  constituted  a 
work,  a  ministry,  which  it  was  given  him  to  administer  for  man,  and  through 
man  for  God.  The  tens  of  thousands  for  whom  he  had  already  thrown  open 
the  door  of  their  exodus  from  European  stagnation  and  oppression  were  his 
Israel,  whom  he,  in  God's  name,  was  leading  out  into  liberty  and  larger  life. 
These  broad  prairies  and  boundless  stretches  of  Northern  Saskatchewan  and 
the  Peace  River  district,  those  hitherto  impassable  Rockies,  giving  gateway 
to  the  flowering  farmlands  that  slope  toward  the  silver  sands  of  the  Pacific — 
these  were  his  Canaan,  which  it  was  his  to  conquer,  not  .  with  sword  and 
clash  of  battle,  but  with  genius  and  enterprise  and  the  power  of  science,  so 
that  into  the  good  'Land  of  Promise'  he  might  bring  the  oppressed  peoples  of 
the  world,  to  make  a  nation  strong  in  liberty  and  in  righteousness. 

"Did  time  permit  I  could  tell  you  much  of  how  Mr.  Hays  carried  on  his 
great  heart,  the  toiling  multitudes  of  earth  and  their  needs,  and  of  how  it 
was  to  him  a  vision  glorious  that  he  was  permitted  in  some  measure  to  con- 
tribute to  their  uplift  and  redemption.  He,  too,  like  Israel's  leader,  had 
looked  upon  the  burdens  of  the  people.  To  us  it  seems  that,  like  Moses,  he 
has  been  permitted  only  to  view  his  promised  land  from  afar.  On  the 
threshhold  of  completion  he  has  been  bidden  to  lay  down  his  work.  A  broken 
column?  A  work  incomplete?  Yes.  if  this  w-orld  is  all.  and  this  life  the  only 
life,  but  if  death  is  indeed  for  the  life  that  lives  in  Christ,  not  extinction  but 
expansion,  not  frustration  but  promotion,  than  surely  in  some  other  of  the 
many  mansions  in  our  Father's  one  great  house,  they  still  serve  who  have  - 
ceased  from  labor  here,  and  work  with  gladness  for  the  liringing  in  of  that 
day  when  throughout  all  the  universe  of  God  there  shall  be  nothing  to  hurt 
nor  to  destroy,  but  "God  shall  be  all  and  in  all.'  " 

The  press  throughout  the  .Vmerican  continent  tmited  in  tribute  to  Charles 
Melville  Hays  and  under  the  caption  of  Montreal's  Loss  the  Gazette  of 
April  19.  1912,  said  editorially  :  "Among  the  many  places  which  will  have 
home  reasons  for  bearing  the  loss  (April  15.  1912)  of  the  steamship  Titanic 
in  sorrowful  memory  there  will  be  few  to  rank  before  Montreal.  Of  residents 
who  had  won  or  were  winning  honorable  places  of  usefulness  in  the  city's 
commercial  life,  no  less  than  four  ended  their  earthly  career  in  the  dark  hours 


50  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  Monday  when  the  Atlantic  waters  closed  over  the  wreck  of  what  had  been 
one  of  the  world's  noblest  vessels.  First  of  these,  of  course,  ranks  Mr.  Charles 
M.  Hays,  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railways  and  director  and 
adviser  in  many  allied  and  other  enterprises.  Mr.  Hays  came  to  Montreal 
as  a  stranger,  when  the  condition  and  fortunes  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway 
were  low  indeed.  The  life  had  apparently  gone  out  of  the  direction  and  a 
great  propert}-,  with  greater  potentialities,  was  in  danger  of  passing  into 
bankruptcy.  He  and  his  associates  found  their  task  harder  also  because 
they  were  strangers.  It  was  only  a  little  while,  however,  before  the  city 
and  the  country,  as  well  as  the  proprietors  of  the  railway,  recognized  that  in 
the  new  general  manager,  which  was  the  title  Mr.  Hays  then  had,  they  had 
a  man  who  for  capacity  ranked  with  the  highest  in  his  profession.  With  a 
slight  interruption  Mr.  Hays  has  had  chief  executive  control  since  1897  of 
the  Grand  Trunk  Railway.  In  that  time  it  has  been  lifted  physically  to  the 
standard  of  a  high  class,  well  equipped  road,  with  few  superiors  in  America. 
Financially  it  has  Iseen  so  improved  as  to  meet  the  interest  charges  on  the  new 
capital  raised  for  betterments  and  has  been  able  to  pay  dividends  on  some  of 
the  older  issues  that  once  seemed  to  have  lost  all  value  as  investments.  In 
late  years  he  was  a  chief  moving  spirit  in  the  projection  and  construction 
of  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway,  which  is  now  approaching  completion. 
His  work  in  these  connections  speaks  of  his  executive  ability  louder  than 
can  words  written  or  spoken.  It  is  only  to  be  added  that  in  all  relations  of 
life,  business  or  social,  he  was  a  plain,  courteous  and  kindly  gentleman,  to 
whom  all  were  ready  to  pay  in  full  measure  the  respect  that  he  deserved." 

The  memorial  service  read  in  the  American  Presbyterian  church  to  which 
previous  allusion  has  been  made,  was  one  of  the  most  impressive  ever  held 
within  the  borders  of  Canada  and  the  tributes  to  Mr.  Hays  on  that  occasion 
attested  how  high  was  the  position  which  he  held  in  the  regard  of  business 
colleagues,  of  eminent  educators,  ministers  and  others.  Principal  Peterson 
of  McGill  University  said  in  part :  "We  have  done  well  to  come  together 
in  this  solemn  manner,  not  to  meet  in  a  useless  parade  of  grief  and  sorrow, 
but  to  pay  a  sincere  tribute  to  the  worth  of  one  who  has  gone  to  his  last 
reward  and  to  express  our  sympathy  to  those  who  suffer  the  loss  of  one  so 
dear,  and  who  have  scarcely  yet  survived  the  shock  of  their  sudden  bereave- 
ment. Our  men  died  like  heroes — in  that  last  dread  extremity  they  bore 
themselves  nobly  and  well. 

"And  I  doubt  not  that  foremost  in  fortitude  was  that  great-hearted  man 
who  today  is  mourned  throughout  the  world,  Charles  M.  Hays,  who  was 
then  eagerly  returning  to  take  his  controlling  part  in  those  great  enterprises 
with  which  his  name  will  always  be  associated,  and  no  doubt  looking  forward 
with  joy  to  returning  to  his  accustomed  work  and  surroundings  here.  The 
-  vast  transportation  system  over  which  be  so  well  presided,  and  to  which  he 
gave  fresh  life,  has  just  paid  him  well  earned  tribute  in  those  moments  of 
organized,  concerted,  silence  stretching  across  this  continent — the  awed  hush 
of  reverent  respect  and  tender  sympathy  from  every  section  of  the  railway 
service  and  imm  every  rank  and  class  in  the  community  at  large.  It  was  a 
moving  incident.  l)Ut  only  a  slight  indicatitni  (if  the  esteem  in   which  he  was 


HISTORY  OF-  MONTREAL  51 

held  cverywliere,  and  of  the  loss  wliicii  the  railways  and  the  people  have 
sustained. 

"Mr.  Hays  came  to  Montreal  in  1896,  shortly  after  I  came  here,  and  since 
then  it  has  been  my  privilege  to  know  him  well,  and  to  meet  him  frequently 
in  university  and  other  affairs.  Only  a  short  time  before  Mr.  Hays  left  for 
Europe  I  had  a  walk  with  him,  when  he  talked  to  me  of  his  plans  for  the 
future,  and  discussed  university  and  other  educational  matters,  with  the 
grave  and  serious  hope  for  future  advancement  which  marked  his  thought. 
Little  then  did  either  of  us  think  it  possible  that  so  terrible  a  disaster  should 
cut  short  his  vigorous  and  useful  career.  He  was  a  real  leader  ol  men.  a 
true  captain  of  industry,  carrying  a  huge  burden  of  work  and  responsibility 
on  his  shoulders,  and  always  carrying  it  as  a  strong  Christian  man  should. 
We  shall  go  forth  from  this  solemn  service  to  our  customary  duties,  graver 
and  sadder  men.  It  may  be  that  we  shall  not  have  the  melancholy  duty  of 
following  to  the  grave  the  remains  of  this  man  whose  work  interlinked  a  vast 
continent.  He  has  found  his  grave  in  the  ocean,  and  it  may  be  literally  said 
of  him  that  the  whole  world  is  his  tomb.  Certainly  his  memory  will  not  soon 
die;  for  long  will  the  memory  live  of  this  impressive  memcirial  of  his 
sad  fate  and  the  sorrow  of  his  stricken  family.  And  when  the  far-reaching 
plans  for  which  he  stood  sponsor  are  realized  we  shall  often  go  back  in 
thought  to  what  this  city,  this  dominion  and  the  empire  at  large  owes  to 
the  ability,  the  integrity  and  dauntless  energy  of  Charles  Melville  Hays." 

One  of  the  glowing  and  well  deserved  tributes  paid  to  the  memory  of 
Charles  Melville  Hays  was  spoken  by  Rev.  T.  S.  Mc^^'illiams,  D.  D.,  of 
Cleveland,  Ohio,  who  said :  "The  man  whose  loss  we  mourn  today,  and 
whose  memory  we  would  honor  was  not  merely  a  national,  he  was  an  inter- 
national figure.  The  great  enterprise  of  which  he  was  at  the  head,  and,  to 
an  unusual  degree  the  guiding  and  animating  spirit,  was  not  merely  a  national, 
but  an  international  railway.  It  seems  fitting  therefore  that  one  from  the 
United  States  should  have  a  small  part  in  this  memorial  service.  The  humble 
tribute  which  I  bring  is  not  merely  that  of  a  former  pastor — as  such  I  was 
privileged  to  say  a  few  words  on  Sunday  last.  Nor  is  my  tribute  that  of  a 
personal  friend — as  such  my  place  would  not  be  here  in  the  pulpit,  but  in 
position  with  the  mourners,  amongst  those  who  most  deeply  and  genuinely 
feel  a  sense  of  personal  loss.  Mine  is  the  privilege  today  of  bringing  a  neigh- 
boring nation's  tribute,  if  you  will ;  of  assuring  you  that  many  of  the  Ameri- 
can people  share  with  you  the  sorrow  and  sense  of  loss  which  you  feel  so 
keenly.  In  the  United  States  the  late  Charles  M.  Hays  was  born,  and  there. 
he  spent  the  larger  part  of  his  life.  Of  our  country  he  remained  a  citizen  to 
the  last.  Yet  there  were  few  men  more  genuinely  devoted  to  the  interests  of 
Canada  or  more  intelligently  attached  to  British  institutions  than  he.  Few, 
if  any,  in  Canada  saw  with  clearer  vision  the  great  possibilities  of  the  future 
of  your  country  and  believed  more  intensely  in  the  great  destinies  of  Canada. 

"To  speak  of  Mr.  Hays'  preeminent  ability  as  a  rai\way  man  is  scarcely 
necessary.  \\'e  have  only  to  look  around  to  see  the  monuments  to  his  genius. 
There  are  two  immense  office  buildings  that  ornament  your  city ;  there  is 
that  wonderful  steel  bridge  over  Niagara's  gorge  and  the  great  station  at 
Ottawa.    There  is  the  rejuvenated  and  vastly  extended  Grand  Trunk  Railway. 


52  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

And.  perhaps  greatest  of  all,  there  is  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway,  des- 
tined at  no  distant  date  to  span  this  continent,  making  accessible  natural 
resources  of  incalculable  value,  and  bringing  into  practical  part  of  the 
national  progress  vast  regions  at  present  inaccessible  to  the  agriculturist. 
These  are  great  enterprises  which  have  attracted  the  admiring  attention  of 
the  world  and  stimulated  rival  systems  to  greater  activity',  while  bringing 
millions  in  money  to  your  land,  and,  what  means  much  more  to  you,  an 
unprecedented  tide  of  immigration.  It  is  but  just  to  say  that  such  enter- 
prises as  these  have  been  no  small  factor  in  the  building  up  of  that  great 
progress  and  prosperity  which  characterizes  Canada  at  the  present  time. 

"The  credit  of  such  achievements  is,  of  course,  to  be  shared  with  Mr. 
Hays'  earnest  colaborers — and  he  would  have  been  the  first  to  give  them  such 
credit — but  to  Mr.  Hays  is  certainly  due  the  credit  of  the  initiative.  For  a 
man  at  the  early  age  of  thirty-eight  years  to  rise  from  the  bottom  of  the 
ladder  to  the  presidency  of  such  a  railway  system  as  the  \\'abash,  and  later 
to  be  selected  as  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk,  charged  with  its  rehabilita- 
tion, and  to  so  conduct  its  affairs  that  after  only  five  years  its  securities  had 
enhanced  in  value  by  eighty-six  millions  of  dollars ;  to  be  called  to  the 
presidency  of  the  Southern  Pacific,  and  then  called  back  again  to  the  Grand 
Trunk  to  consummate  yet  vaster  plans — these  are  proofs  positive  and  suf- 
ficient of  his  preeminent  railway  genius.  The  tribute  of  silence  in  which  we 
a  few  minutes  ago  reverently  joined — a  silence  in  which  we  were  joined  by 
that  great  army  of  employes  from  ocean  to  ocean — was  not  the  silence  of 
obedience  to  an  enforced  order.  It  was  the  genuine  heart-felt  tribute  of  men 
of  all  ranks  to  a  leader  whom  they  had  loved  and  lost. 

"The  contagion  of  his  example  spread  through  every  part  of  that  great 
system.  Himself  a  hard  and  rapid  worker  his  own  example  was  a  sufficient 
incentive  to  do  away  with  indolence  and  incompetence.  His  presence  any- 
where on  the  system  encouraged  and  thrilled  to  better  work  not  by  fear  of  the 
tyrant's  command  to  go,  but  they  thrilled  at  the  leader's  call  to  come. 

"Mr.  Hays  was  first,  last  and  all  the  time  a  great  railway  man.  But  it  would 
be  unjust  to  speak  merely  of  that.  He  possessed  other  qualities  that  impressed 
me  even  more  than  that.  He  was  throughout  his  life  a  man  of  lofty  and  unbend- 
ing principle.  I  personally  know  that  his  early  ending  of  his  connection  with  a 
great  railway  system,  sacrificing  a  position  to  which  was  attached  great  honor  and 
an  immense  salary,  and  his  going  out  of  that  office,  not  knowing  whither  he 
went,  was  a  wonderful  example  of  the  triumph  of  principle  over  what  appeared 
to  be  personal  interests.  It  stands  as  a  proof  of  Mr.  Hays'  unwillingness  to 
be  the  tool  of  a  designing  genius  no  matter  what  that  might  seem  to  offer 
him  in  the  way  of  personal  remuneration.  And  in  the  great  positions  he  held 
it  was  his  constant  endeavor  to  be  just  to  all.  It  was  his  endeavor  by  day 
and  his  prayer  liy  night  to  always  carry  an  even  balance  between  the  employes 
of  his  company  and  those  who  had  invested  their  living  in  it  with  even 
justice  to  both.  Knowledge  of  this  permeated  tlu-  wliole  system,  and  brought 
a  realization  amongst  the  men  that  the  main  endeavor  of  the  leader  was  not 
to  get  out  of  the  employes  as  much  as  possible  and  give  them  in  return  as 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  53 

fittle  as  ])<>ssilile,  liut  thai  they  were  really  working  with,  iifit  for.  their  presi- 
dent, in  the  interests  of  all. 

"And  he  was  a  public-spirited  man  in  many  other  spheres.  That  he  was 
a  generous  friend  of  education  is  proven  in  that  he  was  a  governor  of  McGill 
University;  that  he  was  a  benefactor  to  suffering  humanity  is  shown  by  the 
hospitals  of  which  he  was  a  governor.  But  far  more  than  these  public  posi- 
tions were  innumerable  cases  in  which  he  proved  himself  a  generous  but 
unostentatious  friend  to  the  needy.  And  may  I  for  a  moment  draw  aside 
the  sacred  veil,  and  speak  of  his  home  life.  As  a  father,  husband,  brother, 
comrade,  to  all  in  his  household  he  was  ever  the  genial,  pure,  high-minded 
Christian  gentleman — the  idol  of  his  home,  as  he  deserved  to  be.  His  reli- 
gious influence  was  unmistakable  and  caused  him  inevitably  to  work,  for  the 
right.  I  am  confident  that  his  deep  religious  sense  of  duty  was  at  the  bottom 
of  much  that  we  admire  in  his  career — he  was  utterly  honest,  not  because 
he  believed  it  to  be  the  best  business  policy,  but  because  he  had  faith  in  the 
right;  he  was  filled  with  genial  optimism,  not  from  blindness  to  the  facts,  but 
because  he  knew  them. 

"That  such  lives  should  be  allowed  to  be  interrupted  by  such  disasters  as 
that  we  now  mourn  is  a  problem  which  cannot  be  satisfactorily  answered. 
It  may  be  said  that  no  man's  place  is  impossible  to  be  filled.  But  Methodism 
has  never  found  another  John  Wesley,  and  the  Grand  Trunk  will  look  and 
wait  for  long  before  it  finds  another  Charles  Melville  Hays." 


DOUGALL  GUSHING. 


One  of  the  most  able,  successful  and  progressive  of  the  younger  generation  of 
professional  men  in  Montreal  is  Dougall  Gushing,  connected  with  important  legal 
interests  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Barron  &  Gushing,  notaries.  He  is  a  native 
son  of  the  city,  born  May  3,  1886,  his  parents  being  Charles  and  Lily  (Macaulay) 
Gushing.  The  family  is  of  old  American  establishment,  the  great-grandfather 
of  the  subject  of  this  review.  Job  Gushing,  having  been  born  in  Massachusetts  in 
1765.  The  father  was  born  in  May,  1848,  and  he  was  for  a  number  of  years 
the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Gushing  &  Barron  and  known  as  an  able  and 
reliable  notary.  He  was  in  addition  a  director  in  the  Sun  Life  Assurance  Com- 
pany, on  the  board  of  governors  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  and 
deacon  in  Calvary  Congregational  church,  a  man  of  wide  interests,  high  stand- 
ards and  useful  and  important  accomplishments.  His  death  occurred  September 
30,  1910.  He  and  his  wife  became  the  parents  of  seven  children.  R.  Macaulay, 
Dougall  of  this  review,  Charles,  Arthur,  Eric,  GeofTfrey  and  Edith. 

Dougall  Gushing  was  reared  in  his  parents'  home  and  acquired  his  preliminary 
education  in  the  grammar  and  high  schools  of  Montreal.  He  afterward  attended 
McGill  L'niversity,  from  which  he  was  graduated  B.  A.  in  1907  and  B.  G.  L.  in 
1910.  In  the  following  year  he  established  himself  as  a  notary  in  his  native  city, 
associating  himself  with  Robert  H.  Barron,  his  father's  former  partner.  The 
firm  of  Barron  &  Gushing  is  today,  as  it  has  been  for  many  years  past,  one  of 
the  strongest  of  its  kind  in  the  city,  for  Dougall  Gushing  has  followed  closely  in 


54  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

his   father's   footsteps,  and  has  proved   himself  brilliant,   reliable  and  energetic 
in  the  conduct  of  his  professional  interests. 

Mr.  Gushing  belongs  to  Phi  Kappa  Pi,  which  he  joined  in  McGill  University' 
and  is  a  member  of  the  Seventeenth  Regiment,  Duke  of  York's  Royal  Canadian 
Hussars.     He  is  one  of  the  popular  and  enterprising  young  men  of   Montreal 
and  has  already  gained  a  creditable  place  in  a  profession  in  which  his  superior 
merit  and  ability  will  undoubtedly  win  for  him  ultimate  distinction. 


HON.  SAMUEL  GALE. 

Hon.  Samuel  Gale,  one  of  the  ablest  members  of  the  legal  profession  in 
his  day,  and  a  very  prominent  citizen  of  Montreal,  died  in  that  city  on  Satur- 
day, April  15,  1865.  He  was  the  son  of  a  Mr.  Gale  who,  born  in  Hampshire, 
England,  came  to  America  in  1770  as  assistant  paymaster  to  the  forces.  He 
married  there  a  Miss  Wells,  of  Brattleboro,  and  soon  after  left  the  army, 
and  took  up  his  residence  in  the  colony  of  New  York.  During  the  Revolution 
he  stood  firmly  by  the  old  flag  under  which  he  had  served,  and  was.  for  some 
time  imprisoned  as  a  loyalist.  After  the  Revolution,  he  came  to  reside  in 
Canada,  upon  an  estate  granted  to  his  wife's  father  by  the  crown,  as  indemni- 
fication for  the  losses  brought  upon  him  as  a  loyalist  in  the  Revolution.  He 
was  subsequently  secretary  to  Governor  Prescott,  whom  he  accompanied 
to  England,  and  there  assisted  to  defend  him  from  the  attacks  made  upon 
his  administration,  ^^'hile  there  he  w-rote  an  essay  on  Public  Credit,  addressed 
and  submitted  to  Pitt.  The  following  is  the  inscription  on  his  tombstone  at 
Farnham,  in  Shefiford  county : 

"Here  rests  Samuel  Gale,  Esq.,  formerly  acting  deputy  paymaster  general 
of  H.  Majesty's  forces  in  the  Southern  Provinces,  now  the  U.  S.  of  America ; 
subsequently  Secretary  to  H.  E.  the  Governor-in-chief  of  H.  M.  dominions 
in  N.  A.;  Author  of  Essays  on  Public  Credit,  and  other  works;  born  at 
Kimpton  Hants,  England,  October  14,  1748;  died  at  Farnham,  June  27,  1826." 

Samuel  Gale  of  this  review  was  born  at  St.  Augustine,  East  Florida,  in 
1783.  He  was  educated  at  Quebec,  while  his  father  was  secretary,  and  came 
to  study  law  at  Montreal  under  Chief  Justice  Sewell,  in  1802,  having  Chief 
Justice  Rolland  and  Mr.  Papineau  as  fellow  students.  Mr.  Gale  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  in  1808,  and  ere  long  secured  a  large  practice.  In  1815  he  was 
appointed  a  magistrate  in  the  Indian  territories,  and  accompanied  Lord  Sel- 
kirk when  he  went  to  the  northwest.  Later,  when  Lord  Dalhousie  was 
attacked  for  his  Canadian  administration,  Mr.  Gale  went  home  as  bearer  of 
memorials  from  the  English-speaking  Lower  Canadians  in  the  townships  and 
elsewhere,  defending  his  lordship's  conduct.  In  1829.  he  became  chairman  of 
the  quarter  sessions,  and  in  1834  was  raised  to  the  bench  to  replace  Mr.  Jus- 
tice Uniacke,  who  preferred  to  resign  the  seat  on  the  bench  to  which  he  had 
just  been  appointed  rather  than  come  back  to  Montreal  during  the  cholera, 
then  raging  here.  Judge  Gale  retired  from  the  bench  in  1849,  forced  into 
retirement  by  cfmtinucd  ill  health  and  the  gradual  coming  on  of  the  infirmities 
of  old  age. 


HON.  SAMUEL  GALE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  57 

He  had  married  in  1831J  a  Miss  Havvlcy,  cjf  St.  Armand  West,  by  whom 
he  had  three  daughters.  Mrs.  Gale  died  in  September,  1849.  Oi  the 
daughters  the  only  one  now  living  is  Anna  R.,  widow  of  T.  Sterry  Hunt,  of 
Montreal,  who  is  mentioned  elsewhere  in  this  work ;  while  of  the  other  two, 
Agnes  Logan  married  Andrew  Stuart  of  Quebec,  a  son  of  Chief  Justice 
Stuart  and  of  a  very  prominent  family  in  that  city,  and  the  third  l)ccame  the 
iJaroness  von  Friesen,  who  died  December  10,  1875,  in  Berlin,  CJermany. 

Born  of  parents  who  had  both  sufifered  for  their  loyal  adherence  to  the 
British  Crown  during  the  American  Revolution,  and  educated  in  their  views 
Mr.  Gale  was,  as  long  as  he  busied  himself  in  politics,  a  stanch  conservative 
and  defender  of  British  unity  and  British  supremacy.  He  wrote  a  series  of 
letters  to  the  Montreal  Herald  (in  those  days  the  organ  of  the  stoutest  con- 
servatism) over  the  signature  of  "Nerva"  which  produced  a  strong  impression 
on  the  ])ul)lic  mind  at  that  time  :  and  in  espousing  the  cause  of  Lord  Dal- 
housie  and  upholding  the  old  constitution  (under  the  title  constitutionalists 
taken  by  the  conservatives  of  that  day)  against  the  advocates  of  democracy 
or  responsible  government,  he  was  but  consistently  pursuing  the  course  on 
which  he  first  set  out.  While  u]3on  the  bench  he  maintained  in  an  elaborate 
and  very  able  judgment  the  right  of  the  Crown  to  establish  martial  law  here 
in  1837,  refusing  to  theorize  about  what  abstract  rights  man  had  or  ought 
to  have,  declaring  simply  and  firmly  what  the  law.  as  he  read  it,  established 
the  prerogative  of  the  sovereign  to  be  in  a  colony.  Both  as  a  lawyer  and 
judge  he  won  the  respect  of  his  confreres  alike  by  his  ability  and  learning. 

For  many  years  previous  to  his  death  he  was  deeply  interested  in  the 
freedom  of  the  slave.  He  could  not  speak  with  patience  of  any  compromise 
with  slavery  and  waxed  indignant  in  denunciation  of  all  who  in  any  way  aided, 
abetted,  or  even  coimtenanced  it.  When  the  Anderson  case  was  before  the 
Upper  Canada  courts  he  was  one  of  the  most  active  among  those  who  aroused 
agitation  here.  When  the  Prince  of  Wales  visited  this  country  he  got  up 
a  congratulatory  address  from  the  colored  people  of  Canada  which,  however, 
was  not  received,  as  the  prince  was  desired  by  the  Duke  of  Newcastle,  not 
to  recognize  differences  of  race  and  creed  wherever  it  could  be  helped. 

Judge  Gale  was  a  man  of  high  principle  and  ever  bore  an  unblemished 
moral  character.  Once  in  his  early  career  at  the  bar  he  was  forced  by  the 
then  prevailing  customs"  of  society  to  fight  a  duel.  His  antagonist  was  Sir 
James  Stuart,  who  had  quarreled  with  him  in  court  and  Mr.  Gale  was  severely 
wounded.  It  was  an  event  which,  we  believe,  he  profdundly  regretted,  and 
gladly  saw  the  better  day  dawn  when  men  ran  no  risk  of  forfeiting  their  . 
position  as  gentlemen  by  refusing  to  shoot,  or  be  shot  at,  in  order  to  redress 
real  or  fancied  insults.  He  was  a  scrupulously  just  man,  most  methodical  and 
punctual  in  business  matters.  There  were  in  his  writings  great  care,  and 
precision  and  clearness  of  language.  In  his  letters,  too,  and  even  in  signing 
his  name,  the  same  trait  was  observable.  He  often  used  to  condemn  the 
stupid  custom  of  men  who  signed  their  names  with  a  flourish,  yet  so  illegibly 
that  no  one  could  read,  but  only  guess  at,  the  word  intended.  He  was  not 
ostentatious  of  his  charities,  yet  they  were  not  lacking.  Some  years  before 
his  demise  he  made  a  gift  of  land  to  Bishop's  College,  Lennoxville,  and  during 
the  last  months  of  his  life,  when  age  and  illness  were  day  by  day  wearing  him 


58  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

out,  he  found  relief  for  his  own  distress  in  aiding  to  relieve  that  of  the  needy 
and  afflicted. 

\\'ith  him  passed  away  one  more  of  those  men,  who  Hnk  the  creative  past, 
in  which  were  laid  the  foundations  of  our  civilization,  with  the  Imstling  pres- 
ent and  of  whom  the  generation  of  today  knows  naught ;  of  men  more 
proud  and  precise  in  their  manners  than  we  are :  and  of  such  rectitude  and 
sense  of  honor,  that  we  feel  deeply  the  loss  of  the  influence  of  their  example. 
A  loyal  subject,  a  learned  and  upright  judge,  a  kind,  true,  steadfast  friend, 
was  lost  to  the  community  in  Judge  Gale. 


ROLLO  CAMPBELL,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Rollo  Campbell,  of  whom  it  was  said  that  no  man  ever  spoke  ill,  was  the 
son  of  Dr.  Francis  W.  Campbell  and  was  born  in  Montreal  on  the  6th  of  June, 
1864.  His  life  record  covered  a  comparatively  brief  span.  He  was  educated 
under  private  tutors  and  in  Bishop's  College,  where  he  pursued  his  professional 
course,  being  graduated  from  that  institution  at  Lennoxville,  P.  O.,  with  honors 
in  the  class  of  1886,  at  which  time  the  M.  D.  degree  was  conferred  upon  him. 
His  early  professional  experience  came  to  him  as  interne  in  the  Western  Hos- 
pital at  Montreal,  where  he  remained  for  a  year,  gaining  the  wide  knowledge  and 
training  that  only  hospital  practice  can  bring.  He  then  went  to  Europe,  pursuing 
his  studies  in  London  and  in  Edinburgh.  Upon  returning  to  his  native  land  he 
located  in  Montreal  for  practice  and  it  was  not  long  before  he  had  established 
an  enviable  reptitation  as  a  conscientious,  capable  physician  of  untiring  energy, 
thoroughly  devoted  to  his  profession  and  ever  ready  to  do  a  kindness  to  those  in 
need  of  his  services.  He  was  especially  interested  in  surgery  and  his  researches 
along  that  line  were  broad  and  varied. 

From  the  time  of  his  graduation  Dr.  Campbell  was  on  the  teaching  staff  of 
Bishop's  College,  first  as  demonstrator  of  anatomy,  to  which  he  was  appointed 
in  1897,  and  later  as  professor  of  surgery.  For  many  years  he  was  on  the  con- 
sulting staff  of  the  Montreal  Dispensary  and  was  one  of  the  assistant  surgeons 
of  the  Western  Hospital,  in  which  institution  he  was  greatly  interested.  He  was 
likewise  an  examiner  for  the  New  York  Life  Insurance  Company. 

A  feature  in  his  professional  connections  was  his  service  as  surgeon  for 
seventeen  years  of  the  Fifth  Royal  Scots  of  Canada,  in  which  regiment  he  was 
very  popular.  At  one  time  he  was  president  of  Bishop's  Medical  College  Grad- 
uates' Society  and  he  was  physician  to  several  fraternal  societies.  He  also  belonged 
to  the  Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  Society  and  along  more  strictly  .social  lines  he 
was  connected  with  the  Metropolitan  Club,  the  Montreal  Military  Institute  and 
the  Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association.  Of  the  latter  he  was  a  life  mem- 
ber and  was  captain  of  the  Bicycle  Qub  of  that  organization. 

Dr.  Campbell  was  married  in  Montreal  in  1892  in  .St.  Paul's  Presbyterian 
church  to  Miss  Marion  May  Fletcher,  a  daughter  of  Henry  Fletcher,  who  for 
thirty  years  was  tide  surveyor  of  the  port  of  Montreal,  and  his  wife,  whose 
maiden  name  was  Margaret  Ann  Mclnnes.  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Campbell  became 
parents  of  two  children:     Gladys  .\gnes  and  Fdilh  Margaret.     Tho  family  circle 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  5!) 

was  broken  ]>\  the  hand  of  death  when  on  the  31st  of  May,  1904,  Dr.  Campbell 
passed  away.  Speaking  of  him  at  this  time  a  fellow  graduate  of  Bishop's  Col- 
lege said:  "He  was  a  fine  fellow.  I  think  I  can  safely  say  that  I  never  heard 
anyone  speak  ill  of  him.  He  was  kind  and  thoughtful  and  devoted  himself  to 
his  work.  In  fact,  I  fear  that  he  worked  too  hard  on  account  of  that  conscien- 
tiousness which  would  not  allow  of  his  neglecting  any  seeming  duty.  He  will 
be  greatly  missed,  not  only  by  his  fellow  practitioners,  but  by  all  who  knew 
him  and  respected  him." 


ROBERT  KURCZYN  LOVELL. 

While  Robert  Kurczyn  Lovell  entered  upon  a  business  already  established, 
he  has  displaved  the  enterprise  and  determination  which  are  among  his  salient 
characteristics  in  the  methods  which  he  has  followed  in  conducting  his  business 
affairs.  Montreal  numbers  him  among  her  native  sons,  but  he  comes  of  Irish 
and  German  ancestry.  He  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  John  Lovell.  who  was  a 
prominent  publisher  of  Montreal  from  1835  until  his  death  in  1893.  His  mother 
is  Mrs.  Sarah  Lovell,  a  daughter  of  N.  P.  M.  Kurczyn,  who  was  a  German 
merchant  of  Montreal. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  Robert  K.  Lovell  passed  through  con- 
secutive grades  to  the  high  school.  In  1867  he  became  connected  with  his  father 
in  business,  becoming  a  partner  in  1880  and  so  continuing  until  the  latter's  death 
in  July,  1893.  The  business  was  conducted  under  the  same  style  until  1903 
when  it  was  incorporated.  Since  1903  he  has  been  president  of  the  firm  of 
John  Lovell  &  Son,  Ltd.,  publishers  of  Lovell's  Gazetteer  of  the  Dominion  of 
Canada  and  Newfoundland,  Lovell's  Alontreal  Directory,  Lovell's  Montreal 
Business  Directory  and  numerous  other  publications.  In  all  of  his  business 
affairs  he  never  deviates  from  the  highest  standards.  He  is  an  Anglican  in 
religious  faith. 


WILLIAM  OKELL  HOLDEN  DODDS. 

For  over  twenty  years  Major  William  O.  H.  Dodds  has  been  connected  with 
the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company  of  New  York,  being  at  present  the  assistant 
manager  for  Quebec  and  the  maritime  provinces.  He  was  born  in  Yarmouth, 
Nova  Scotia,  July  3,  1867,  a  son  of  the  late  Charles  Dodds,  a  manufacturer  of 
that  province,  who  died  in  June,  1893.  The  mother  of  our  subject,  who  was 
before  her  marriage  Miss  Agnes  Smith,  died  in  December,  1910. 

William  Dodds  received  his  education  in  the  Yarmouth  high  school  and  the 
Yarmouth  Academy  of  Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia.  He  completed  his  school  edu- 
cation in  1884  and  then  entered  the  employ  of  the  Bank  of  Yarmouth,  remaining 
with  that  institution  until  1887.  From  1887  to  1888  he  assisted  his  father  in 
the  wholesale  and  retail  dry-goods  business,  but  in  the  latter  year  came  to  Mon- 
treal, entering  the  wholesale  dry-goods  trade,  with  \\hich  line  he  continued  until 


60  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

1892.  In  that  year  he  joined  the  staff  of  the  Mutual  Life  Insurance  Company 
of  New  York  as  cashier  and,  rising  through  various  positions,  was  made  the 
assistant  manager  of  the  concern  for  Quebec  and  the  maritime  provinces,  which 
office  he  yet  holds.  Mr.  Dodds  has  also  been  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Con- 
sumers' Cotton  Company. 

On  November  29,  1910,  Mr.  Dodds  married  Jean  Hamilton  Holt,  eldest 
daughter  of  Robert  W.  Tyre,  of  Montreal.  Mrs.  Dodds  is  greatly  interested  in 
athletics  and  in  191 1  was  elected  president  of  the  Ladies'  Montreal  Curling 
Club. 

]\Iajor  Dodds  is  also  a  well  known  amatetir  athlete.  He  was  formerly  presi- 
dent of  the  Canadian  Amateur  Athletic  Union ;  is  a  member  of  the  executive 
committee  of  the  Amateur  Skating  Association  of  Canada ;  and  was  selected  as 
one  of  the  team  of  the  Montreal  Curling  Club  to  proceed  to  Scotland  in  Decem- 
ber, 1908,  but  was  unable  to  go.  He  has  long  been  in  the  volunteer  military 
service,  being  formerly  a  captain  in  the  Fifth  Regiment,  Royal  Scots.  He  sub- 
sequently commanded  the  Third  Battery,  Montreal,  and  then  organized  the 
Twenty-first  (Westmount)  Battery,  which  he  commanded  from  October  26, 
1907,  to  April  9,  1910.  He  is  now  engaged  in  the  reorganization  of  the  First 
Regiment,  Grenadier  Guards  of  Canada.  In  January,  1906,  Major  Dodds  was 
elected  president  of  the  Montreal  Military  Institute  and  is  now  councillor  of  the 
Boy  Scout  movement. 

Mr.  Dodds  is  a  Presbyterian  and  gives  his  political  support  to  the  conserva- 
tive party.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Club,  the  Alontreal  Military  Insti- 
tute, the  Montreal  Curling  Club,  the  ^Montreal  Amateur  .Athletic  Association, 
the  Montreal  Hunt  Club,  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Club  and 
others. 


ISAIE  PREFONTAINE. 

Isaie  Prefontaine,  no  less  highly  esteemed  for  his  business  capacity  and 
enterprise  than  for  his  public-spirited  citizenship,  has  contributed  along  vari- 
(His  lines  to  the  welfare  and  progress  of  the  city  in  which  he  makes  his  home. 
A  native  of  Beloeil,  he  was  born  in  1861  and  in  the  pursuit  of  his  education 
attended  Montreal  College,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  honors.  From 
the  outset  of  his  career  he  has  made  his  labors  count  as  factors  in  general 
progress  and  improvement.  He  has  been  a  close  student  of  conditions  and 
problems  of  the  time  and  along  practical  lines  has  worked  for  betterment. 

He  has  taken  a  warm  interest  in  the  commercial  de\elopmcnt  of  the  city 
and  ha.s  been  ])rominently  identified  with  various  bodies  working  toward 
that  end.  He  was  ])resident  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Montreal  for  the 
year  1908-9  and  for  six  years  was  president  of  the  School  of  High  Commercial 
Studies.  In  1909  he  became  ])resident  of  the  Federation  of  Chaml)ers  of 
Commerce  for  the  jirovince  of  Quebec  and  was  continued  in  that  high  and 
ini])ortant  office  for  three  years.  He  has  also  been  a  menil)cr  of  the  Board 
of  Trade  and  has  been  a  cordial  coo])erator  in  the  movement  for  jiroviding 


ISAIE   PREFOXTAIXK 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  63 

facilities  for  sj)ecializc(i  instruction  and  training  of  those  engaged  in  manu- 
facturing and  other  industrial  pursuits. 

His  wide  research  and  investigation  enable  him  to  speak  with  authority 
upon  many  questions  bearing  upon  the  business  condition  of  the  city  and  its 
possibilities  for  progress  along  industrial  and  commercial  lines.  He  is  an 
idealist,  whose  methods  are  practical,  and  is  a  man  of  action  rather  than  of 
theory. 

Jn  1883  he  married  Miss  Eliza  Pigeon,  a  daughter  of  Olivier  Pigeon,  of 
\'ercheres,  Quebec.  He  belongs  to  both  the  Club  St.-  Denis  and  the  Cana- 
dian Club  and  in  the  city  has  a  wide  and  favorable  acquaintance.  The  Mon- 
treal llerald  has  termed  him  "a  man  of  capacity  and 'high  character." 


FRANCIS  WAYLAND  CAMPBELL,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Francis  Wayland  Campbell,  practitioner,  educator  and  editor  of  medical 
journals,  winning  distinction  along  each  line,  was  born  in  Montreal  on  the  5th 
of  November,  1837,  a  son  of  the  late  RoHo  Campbell,  at  one  time  publisher  of 
the  Montreal  Daily  Pilot  and  a  native  of  Perthshire,  Scotland.  Dr.  Campbell's 
more  specifically  literary  education  was  obtained  at  Dutton  Academy  and  the 
Baptist  College,  and  in  preparation  for  a  professional  career  he  studied  medicine 
in  McGill  University,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  M.  D.  degree  in 
i860.  He  at  once  located  for  practice  in  his  native  city,  where  he  continued 
until  his  death.  After  the  completion  of  his  course  at  McGill  he  spent  some  time 
in  study  abroad,  investigating  the  methods  and  watching  the  clinics  of  eminent 
physicians  and  surgeons  of  London,  Dublin,  Edinburgh  and  Glasgow.  In  1861 
he  passed  with  high  rank  an  examination  before  the  Royal  College  of  Physicians 
of  London. 

In  October,  1861,  Dr.  Campbell  married  Miss  Agnes  Stuart  Rodger,  of 
Greenock,  Scotland,  and  in  November  returned  with  his  bride  to  Canada,  open- 
ing an  office  for  practice  in  Montreal.  Success  came  to  him  almost  immediately 
because  his  equipment  was  good  and  because  of  his  recognition  of  and  marked 
devotion  to  the  duties  of  the  profession.  He  was  offered  the  editorship  of  the 
hospital  report  department  of  the  British-American  Journal,  accepted  it  and 
continued  to  serve  in  that  connection  until  1864,  when  the  publication  of  the 
paper  ceased.  The  Canada  Medical  Journal  was  soon  afterward  started  and 
Dr.  Campbell  joined  Dr.  Fenwick  in  its  editorial  management,  being  thus  asso- 
ciated from  1864  until  1872.  In  the  meantime  he  had  joined  the  medical  faculty 
of  Bishop's  College,  whereupon  Dr.  Fenwick  declined  to  associate  with  him  any 
longer  in  the  publication  of  the  Canada  Medical  Journal.  The  result  was  the 
discontinuance  of  that  paper. ,  Dr.  Campbell  decided  to  contest  the  field  with  Dr. 
Fenwick,  who  began  issuing  the  paper  independently,  the  Campbell  publication 
being  known  as  the  Canada  Medical  Record,  of  which  he  remained  editor  and 
proprietor  until  his  demise.  In  1872  Dr.  Campbell  joined  Drs.  David,  Small- 
wood,  Hingston  and  Trenholme  in  organizing  the  medical  faculty  of  Bishop's 
College,  after  which  he  was  appointed  professor  of  physiology  and  was  elected 
by  the  faculty  as  their  registrar.     His  writings  were  considered  a  valuable  con- 


64  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

tribution  to  the  literature  of  the  profession  and  his  publications  were  liberally 
patronized  by  those  holding  to  the  highest  professional  standards. 

Dr.  Campbell  was  a  member  of  the  volunteer  militia  from  1854  and  in  i860 
was  appointed  assistant  surgeon  of  the  First  Battalion,  Volunteer  Rifles  of 
Canada,  now  the  First  Battalion.  He  served  with  his  regiment  on  the  eastern 
frontier,  being  at  Hemingford  and  at  Durham  during  the  Fenian  raid  in  1866. 
In  the  fall  of  that  year  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  surgeon  of  the  regiment 
and  again  during  the  brief  Fenian  raid  of  187 1  was  with  his  command  at  Pigeon 
Hill,  at  St.  Armands  and  St.  Johns.  After  being  for  a  great  many  years  sur- 
geon of  the  Prince  of  Wales  Rifles  he  was  appointed,  on  the  formation  of  the 
Regular  Canadian  Militia,  to  the  office  of  surgeon  of  the  Infantry  School  Corps 
at  St.  Johns,  Province  of  Quebec,  and  held  the  position  for  nineteen  years,  being 
then  retired  at  the  age  limit  with  the  rank  of  surgeon  lieutenant  colonel.  At  that 
time  the  regiments  were  known  and  still  are  as  the  Royal  Regiments  Canadian 
Infantry.  In  1894  he  established  the  \'.  R.  I.  Magazine  and  became  its  first 
editor.  Lennoxville  conferred  upon  him  the  honorary  degree  of  D.  C.  L.  in  1895. 
Two  years  later  his  son,  Dr.  Rollo  Campbell,  was  appointed  demonstrator  of 
anatomy  in  Bishop's  College.  Another  matter  of  interest  and  importance  in  the 
life  record  of  Dr.  Campbell  was  that  he  held  for  forty-three  years  the  position 
of  chief  medical  examiner  for  the  New  York  Life  Insurance  Company  at  Mon- 
treal and  his  son.  Dr.  Rollo  Campbell,  was  his  assistant.  He  was  honorary 
president  of  the  Military  Institute  for  several  years  and  was  one  of  the  founders 
of  the  Western  Hospital  of  Montreal.  He  was  called  the  father  of  that  institu- 
tion and  two  years  ago  the  hospital  placed  a  very  handsome  bronze  tablet  to  his 
memory  in  the  institution.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  was  dean  of  the  medical 
faculty  of  Bishop's  College  at  Montreal.  His  degrees  were  M.  A.,  M.  D.  and 
L.  R.  C.  P.  of  London.  Honor  and  distinction  came  to  him  in  many  ways,  and 
at  all  times  he  bore  his  honors  with  becoming  modesty. 

Dr.  Campbell  was  a  liberal  conservative  in  politics.  He  belonged  to  the 
Montreal  Military  Institute  and  was  a  past  master  of  the  Victoria  Lodge  of 
Masons.  Of  scholarly  attainments,  finding  keen  pleasure  in  scientific  research 
and  actuated,  too,  by  a  broad  humanitarian  spirit,  his  professional  service  as 
practitioner,  educator  and  writer  was  of  marked  value  to  the  public  and  con- 
stituted a  notable  contribution  to  the  world's  work  in  the  field  of  medical  and 
surgical  progress. 


CLEOPHAS  ED\\'ARD  LECLERC. 

Cleophas  Edward  Leclcrc.  who  for  fifteen  years  was  a  member  of  the  board 
of  notaries  of  Quebec,  his  home  being  in  Montreal,  his  native  city,  was  born 
September  26,  1844.  Almost  his  entire  life  was  passed  in  Montreal,  where  he 
supplemented  his  early  education  by  a  classical  course  in  the  College  of  Ste. 
Therese  de  Blainville  in  the  district  of  Terrebonne.  Having  determined  to 
become  a  notary  public,  he  entered  upon  his  professional  studies  under  the  direc- 
tion of  Mr.  F.  Des  Bastien,  registrar  of  the  county  of  Vaudreuil,  and  was 
admittcfl  to  practice  on  the  T5th  of  October,  1866.     For  fifteen  years  he  was  a 


HISTORY  OF  .MONTREAL  65 

member  of  the  Quebec  board  of  notaries  and  for  three  years  was  its  vice  presi- 
dent. He  stood  high  in  his  profession,  and  the  clientage  afforded  him  came  in 
recognition  of  his  superior  ability. 

On  the  i6th  of  November,  1875,  Mr.  Leclerc  was  married  to  Miss  Caroline 
Eliza  Archambault  of  St.  Hyacinthe,  and  they  became  the  parents  of  six  chil- 
dren :  Robertine ;  Rene,  who  is  managing  director  of  the  Credit-Canada,  Lim- 
ited;  Achille ;  Alice,  the  wife  of  Arthur  Hubour,  who  is  engaged  in  the  drug 
business  at  the  corner  of  Demontigny  and  St.  Denis  streets;  Ovide;  and  Rita. 
Death  came  to  Mr.  Leclerc  at  his  home  at  No.  655  St.  Hubert  street  on  the  23d 
of  November,  191 2,  when  he  was  sixty-eight  years  of  age.  Lie  was  a  man  of 
fine  personal  appearance,  his  broad  forehead  indicating  strong  native  intelli- 
gence. He  was  of  dignified  appearance  and  mien  and  looked  at  life  from  the 
standpoint  of  one  who  recognized  its  obligations  and  duties  as  well  as  its  privi- 
leges and  opportunities.  He  had  an  extensive  circle  of  friends  so  that  his  death 
was  deeply  regretted  by  many  outside  his  own  household. 


GEORGE  CAVERHILL. 

Prominent  on  the  roll  of  leading  business  men  of  Montreal  stands  the  name 
of  George  Caverhill,  a  merchant  who  for  an  extended  period  has  been  connected 
with  commercial  life  and  figures  prominently  in  connection  with  corporate  inter- 
ests having  to  do  with  the  business  enterprise  and  consequent  prosperous  devel- 
oprnent  of  the  city.  He  was  born  October  18,  1858,  at  Beauharnois,  P.  O..  and 
is  of  Scotch  descent.  His  parents  were  Thomas  and  Elizabeth  Spiers  (Buch- 
anan) Caverhill,  the  latter  a  representative  of  the  Buchanan  family  of  Lenny, 
while  the  former  was  a  member  of  the  border  family  of  Caverhills,  residents 
of  Scotland  from  1200. 

In  the  attainment  of  his  education  George  Caverhill  attended  successively 
the  Montreal  high  school,  the  Gait  Collegiate  Institute  and  McGill  University. 
From  the  outset  of  his  business  career  he  has  been  connected  with  mercantile 
interests.  In  1877  he  entered  the  employ  of  Crathern  &  Caverhill,  of  Montreal, 
and,  later  ambitious  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account,  utilized  the 
opportunities  of  becoming  a  partner  in  a  wholesale  hardware  firm,  his  partners 
being  his  brother,  the  late  Frank  Caverhill,  J.  B.  Learmont  and  T.  H.  Newman. 
The  four  organized  the  firm  of  Caverhill,  Learmont  &  Company,  wholesale 
hardware  merchants  of  both  ^Montreal  and  W'innijjeg.  This  by  no  means  indi- 
cates the  scope  of  his  investments  and  his  activities.  That  he  is  today  one  of 
the  most  important  business  men  of  the  province  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that 
he  is  vice  president  of  the  Montreal  Loan  &  Mortgage  Company,  a  director  of 
the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company,  Canadian  Cottons,  Ltd.,  Montreal  Trust 
Company,  Montreal  Light,  Heat  &  Power  Company,  and  is  identified  with  a 
number  of  organizations  to  promote  trade  and  business  relations.  In  1904  he 
was  chosen  president  of  the  Montreal  Metal  &  Hardware  Association,  was  made 
first  vice  president  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  in  1906  and  its  president 
in  1907. 


66  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

In  1887  Mr.  Caverhill  was  married  to  Miss  Emily  Margaret,  daughter  of 
John  Caverhill.  She  takes  active  interest  in  philanthropical  and  charitable  work 
and  is  a  member  of  the  general  committee  of  the  \'ictorian  Order  of  Nurses. 
Together  with  her  husband,  she  is  a  life  governor  of  the  Protestant  Hospital 
for  the  Insane.  Both  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ca\erhill  were  presented  to  the  late  King 
Edward  at  Windsor  Castle  in  June,  1905. 

In  addition  to  his  previously  mentioned  activities,  Mr.  Caverhill  is  a  gov- 
ernor of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  and  is  a  life  member  of  St.  Andrew's 
Society  of  ^Montreal.  He  has  a  great  love  of  animals  and  has  won  fully  two 
hundred  and  sixty  prizes  with  his  kennel  of  skye  terriers.  Mr.  Caverhill's  polit- 
ical allegiance  is  given  to  the  liberal  party,  and  in  191 1  he  opposed  the  Tafl- 
Fielding  reciprocity  compact.  Prominent  in  club  circles,  he  holds  membership 
with  the  Mount  Royal,  St.  James,  Canada,  Canadian,  Forest  and  Stream,  Lachine 
Boating  and  Canoe,  Montreal  Hunt,  Montreal  Jockey,  Montreal  Polo,  Reform, 
Royal  Montreal  Golf  and  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Clubs,  all  of  Montreal. 
He  is  a  man  of  liberal  culture  and  broad  general  information,  having  largely 
promoted  his  knowledge  through  extended  travel  in  the  East  Indies,  South 
America,  Japan,  Egjpt,  Greece  and  Italy.  His  opinions  carry  weight  on  all 
questions  in  which  he  has  become  deeply  interested,  and  his  interest  in  any  plan 
or  project  is  ever  the  source  of  activit}-  in  its  support. 


LOUIS  JOSEPH  ARTHUR  SURVEYER. 

Louis  Joseph  Arthur  Surveyer,  one  of  the  best  known  business  men  of 
Montreal,  his  ability  and  enterprise  finding  exemplification  in  his  substantial 
success,  was  born  May  16,  1841,  in  the  town  of  Beauharnois,  in  the  province 
of  Quebec.  His  father  was  Dr.  Joseph  Surveyer,  a  well  known  physician  of 
Beauharnois  and  surrounding  parishes,  and  his  mother  bore  the  maiden  name 
of  Eugenie  Duclas  Decelles. 

L.  J.  A.  Surveyer  was  educated  at  St.  Laurent  College  and  entered  upon 
his  business  career  as  a  clerk  in  a  general  store  in  St.  Johns,  P.  Q.  After 
eighteen  months  he  came  to  Montreal  and  entered  the  retail  hardware  store 
of  Messrs.  Ferrier  &  Company  on  Notre  Dame  street.  After  nine  months' 
service  in  the  employ  of  that  firm  they  sold  their  business  and  Mr.  Surveyer 
entered  the  employ  of  Mr.  Thomas  Davidson  in  his  retail  store,  continuing 
in  that  employ  for  seven  years.  He  was  ambitious  to  engage  in  business  on 
his  own  account  and  so  wisely  used  his  time  and  talent  that  he  was  now  able 
with  a  capital  of  six  hundred  dollars  to  open  a  store  of  his  own.  His  venture 
proved  successful  from  the'  beginning  and  has  been  developed  and  built  up 
to  its  present  extensive  proportions  so  that  Mr.  Surveyer  is  now  ranked  with 
the  leading  business  men  of  the  city. 

In  1868  Mr.  Surveyer  married  Miss  Amelie  Pelletier,  who  died  thirteen 
months  later.  In  1873  he  married  Miss  M.  A.  Hectorine  Fabre,  a  daughter  of 
the  late  E.  R.  Fabre,  and  the  youngest  sister  of  the  late  Archbishop  Fabre. 
Of  this  union  there  were  born  eight  children,  seven  of  whom  are  living,  as 
follows;     I'.dward   Fabre,   a  lawver  in   Montreal,  of  whom   there  is  further 


LOUIS  J.  A.  SURVEYER 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  69 

mention  in  this  work;  Eugenie,  now  Mrs.  N.  K.  Latlamme  of  Montreal; 
Arthur,  of  Surveyer  &  Frigon,  consulting  engineers ;  Paul,  a  lawyer  in  Mon- 
treal;  Gustave,  of  Montreal;  Marie;  and  Therese,  now  Mrs.  Jules  Faurnier  of 
Montreal.  Mr.  Surveyer  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Club  and  of  the  Alli- 
ance Nationale.  There  is  found  in  his  life  history  the  strong  proof  of  the  fact 
that  the  road  to  opportunity  is  open  to  ambition  and  energ)',  and  that  it  leads 
to  the  goal  of  success. 


NORVAL  DICKSON. 


Nerval  Dickson,  practicing  as  a  notary  in  IMontreal  in  partnership  with  R. 
B.  Hutcheson,  and  controlling  an  important,  representative  and  growing  client- 
age, was  born  in  Howick,  Quebec,  in  1878  and  is  a  son  of  Robert  Dickson  who 
came  to  Canada  from  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  in  1830. 

Nerval  Dickson  acquired  his  preliminary  education  in  Huntingdon  Academy, 
Huntingdon,  Quebec,  and  afterwards  entered  McGill  University  in  Montreal, 
receiving  his  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  in  1901  and  his  degree  in  law  in  1904. 
Immediately  afterward  he  began  practice  in  Montreal,  continuing  alone  until 
May,  1910,  when  he  formed  a  partnership  with  R.  B.  Hutcheson  under  the  firm 
name  of  Hutcheson  &  Dickson.  Mr.  Dickson  has  proved  an  important  and  help- 
ful factor  in  the  success  of  the  firm,  for  he  possesses  a  deep  and  comprehensive 
knowledge  of  the  underlying  principles  of  his  profession  and  has  a  well  deserved 
repiitation  as  a  reliable  and  competent  notary.  The  firm  controls  a  growing  and 
extensive  patronage  and  has  a  high  standing  in  legal  circles  of  the  city. 


REV.  ABRAHAM  DE  SOLA,  LL.  D. 

Rev.  Abraham  de  Sola,  LL.  D.,  who  for  many  years  was  so  familiar  a  figure 
in  literary  circles  in  Montreal  and  who  earned  so  wide  and  deserved  a  reputation 
as  an  Oriental  scholar  and  theologian,  was  a  descendent  of  an  illustrious  Spanish- 
Jewish  family.  The  marvelous  history  of  Israel  must  ever  be  of  peculiar  inter- 
est to  mankind,  and  perhaps  no  chapter  in  the  post-biblical  portion  of  that  history 
possesses  more  charm  than  that  which  relates  about  the  Jews  of  Spain  and  Portu- 
gal, or  Sephardim,  as  they  are  styled.  These  lived  free  and  untrammeled  during 
those  mediaeval  times  when  their  brethren  in  less  favored  countries  were  weighed 
down  by  the  burden  of  oppression,  and  with  the  Saracens  they  kept  alive  the 
flame  of  learning  and  science  in  the  Iberian  peninsula  at  a  time  when  it  burnt 
lowest  in  the  rest  of  Europe.  Power,  rank  and  honor  were  theirs ;  and  when 
afterwards  clouds  obscured  the  sky  of  their  prosperity,  and  the  storm  of  persecu- 
tion burst  pitilessly  over  their  heads,  their  record  of  heroic  martyrdom  and 
thrilling  adventure  is  a  tale  as  fascinating  as  that  of  many  of  the  most  imagina- 
tive pages  of  fiction. 

Among  the  many  bright  names  which  illumined  Spanish-Jewish  history,  that 
of  De  Sola  stands  prominent.     The  De  Solas  had  settled  in  Andalusia  as  early 


70  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

as  the  sixth  century,  whence  they  had  come  from  Judea  by  gradual  stages  through 
northern  Africa.  They  held  various  offices  under  the  Saracenic  caliphs  at  Toledo 
and  Cordova,  and  afterwards  when  they  removed  to  Navarre  they  were  received 
with  like  favor  by  the  Gothic  princes.  From  their  estate  in  this  province,  their 
surname  had  its  origin.  A  particularly  distinguished  member  of  the  family  was 
Don  Bartolomeu  de  Sola,  who,  in  reward  for  his  services,  was  ennobled  and, 
after  being  a  minister  of  state,  held  for  a  while  the  position  of  viceroy  of  Navarre. 

During  the  fourteenth  century  another  De  Sola  distinguished  himself  fighting 
under  the  Infante  of  Aragon  and  figured  conspicuously  in  the  Spanish  wars  of 
that  period.  During  the  succeeding  centuries  the  family  continued  to  hold  an 
illustrious  place,  owing  to  the  large  number  of  eminent  scholars,  physicians  and 
statesmen  it  produced.  Their  fortunes,  however,  changed  when  King  Ferdinand, 
having  by  the  conquest  of  Granada  destroyed  the  last  vestige  of  Moorish  power 
in  Spain,  decided  to  drive  therefrom  all  who  did  not  conform  to  the  dominant 
faith ;  and  in  1492  was  promulgated  the  terrible  edict  of  expulsion,  which,  at 
one  blow,  deprived  hundreds  of  thousands  of  Spain's  most  intelligent  and  indus- 
trious inhabitants  of  happy  and  prosperous  homes.  The  De  Solas  took  refuge  in 
Holland,  but  a  branch  of  the  family  continued  to  hold  business  connections  with 
Lisbon,  and  eventually  some  of  them  settled  in  the  Portuguese  capital,  where  they 
amassed  much  wealth.  Watched  by  the  Inquisition,  they,  like  many  other  Por- 
tuguese Jews,  for  some  time  evaded  the  danger  by  assuming  to  become  Marannos 
or  Nuevos  Christianos — as  converted  Jews  were  styled — while  they  secretly 
remained  loyal  to  Judaism.  In  the  latter  part  of  the  seventeenth  century,  however, 
suspicion  was  directed  towards  them,  and  David  de  Sola  (who  to  elude  his  per- 
secutors had  assumed  the  name  of  Bartolome)  was  apprehended  and  charged 
with  having  relapsed  into  Judaism.  Although  placed  under  the  most  fearful  tor- 
ture nothing  seems  to  have  been  proved,  as  he  was  allowed  to  afterwards  go 
free ;  but  he  was  physically  broken  dow-n  by  his  terrible  sufferings.  Escape  from 
the  country  by  a  suspect  was  then  extremely  difficult,  but  in  the  next  generation 
his  son,  Aaron  de  Sola,  managed  to  secure  refuge  on  board  a  British  man-of-war 
and  to  make  good  his  escape  with  his  family  to  England ;  not,  however,  before 
two  of  his  relatives  had  been  imprisoned,  tortured  and  condemned  to  death  at  an 
auto-da-fe,  by  the  Inquisition,  for  secret  adherence  to  Judaism. 

It  was  in  1749  that  Aaron  de  Sola  fled  with  his  wife  and  family  to  England, 
and  now  that  they  were  freed  from  the  terrors  of  the  Inquisition  they  openly 
avowed  once  more  their  loyalty  to  the  faith  of  their  fathers.  From  England  they 
took  passage  for  Holland,  where  they  rejoined  their  relatives,  and  taking  up  their 
residence  in  Amsterdam  they  soon  again  rose  to  distinction  in  the  various  learned 
professions. 

Previously  to  this — in  the  year  1690 — one  of  the  preceding  generation,  Isaac 
de  Sola,  had  settled  in  London  and  had  ac(|uired  a  high  rejiutation  in  the  Hebrew 
community  there  as  an  clo<|ucnt  preacher  and  author.  Several  volumes  of  his 
works  are  still  extant. 

Four  sons  had  accompanied  .Aaron  de  Sola  in  his  flight  from  Lislion  in  1749, 
of  whom  the  eldest,  David,  was  the  great-grandfather  of  the  Dr.  .Abraham  de 
Sola  who  forms  the  chief  subject  of  this  sketch.  The  youngest  of  Aaron  de  Sola's 
sons,  Dr.  I'enjamin  de  Sola,  attained  to  a  foremost  jilace  among  the  ])ractitioners 
of  the  eighteenth  century.     He  was  court  jihysician  to  William  \'  of  the  Nether- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  71 

lands  and  was  the  autlior  of  a  large  number  of  medical  works.  The  other  two 
sons  of  Aaron  de  Sola  settled  in  Curacao,  and  one  of  them  was  the  grandfather 
of  General  Juan  de  Sola,  who  became  so  distinguished  as  a  commander  of  cavalry 
under  Uolivar  and  Paez  when  the  South  American  states  revolted  from  Spain. 
He  took  part  in  the  decisive  battle  of  Carabobo,  and  led  the  charge  on  Puerto 
Cabello  when  that  city  was  stormed  by  Paez,  receiving  a  salire  wound  during  the 
tight.  After  the  restoration  of  peace  he  held  important  public  offices  during  the 
Paez  regime. 

The  Rev.  Abraham  de  Sola,  LL.  D.,  was  born  in  London,  England,  on  the 
i8th  of  September,  1825.  His  father,  David  Aaron  de  Sola,  was  senior  minis- 
ter of  the  Portuguese  Jews  of  London,  to  which  city  he  had  been  called  from 
Amsterdam,  and  was  eminent  as  a  Hebrew  author,  having  produced  among  many 
other  works  an  elegant  translation  of  the  Jewish  Forms  of  Prayer;  also,  in  con- 
junction with  Dr.  Raphael,  an  edition  of  Genesis,  very  valuable  to  biblical  stu- 
dents on  account  of  its  commentaries  and  copious  notes,  and  the  first  English 
translation  of  Eighteen  Treatises  of  the  Mishna.  His  mother  was  the  daughter 
of  Dr.  Raphael  Aleldola,  chief  rabbi  of  the  Spanish-Jewish  congregations  of 
Britain.  The  Aleldolas  had  given  eminent  chief  rabbis  to  Europe  for  twelve 
generations.  Abraham  de  Sola  received  careful  tuition  in  all  the  usual  branches 
of  a  liberal  education.  He  became  early  engrossed  in  the  study  of  Oriental 
languages  and  literature  and  of  theology,  and  continued  to  devote  his  attention 
to  those  subjects  until  he  acquired  that  profound  knowledge  of  them  wdiich  sub- 
sequentl}'  won  him  so  prominent  a  place  among  scholars.  Having  been  offered 
the  position  of  rabbi  of  the  Spanish  and  Portuguese  Jewish  .Congregation  of 
Montreal  he  accepted  the  call  and  arrived  in  this  city  in  the  beginning  of  1847, 
and  here,  for  over  thirty-five  years,  he  continued  to  minister  to  the  spiritual  w'ants 
of  his  people.  His  able  pulpit  discourses  soon  attracted  attention.  Dr.  de  Sola's 
abilities,  however,  were  not  destined  to  be  confined  exclusively  to  his  official 
duties.  Before  leaving  London  he  had  been  associated  in  the  editorial  work  of 
a  Hebrew  journal.  The  \'oice  of  Jacob,  and  soon  after  his  arrival  in  Canada 
he  delivered  a  course  of  lectures  on  Jewish  history  before  the  Mercantile  Lit- 
erary Association.  In  1848  he  published  his  "Notes  on  the  Jews  of  Persia  under 
Mohammed  Shah,"  and  also  "A  History  of  the  Jews  of  Persia."  Within  the 
same  year  there  appeared  his  important  work  on  "Scripture  Zoology."  Soon 
afterwards  he  published  his  "Lectures  on  the  Mosaic  Cosmogony."  This  was  fol- 
lowed by  his  "Cosmography  of  Peritsol,"  a  work  displaying  such  erudition 
that  it  gained  a  WMde  circulation  in  Europe  and  was  reprinted  there  in  several 
languages.  His  next  work,  "A  Commentary  upon  Samuel  Hannagid's  Introduc- 
tion to  the  Talmud,"  was  a  book  which  deservedly  attracted  much  attention,  owing 
to  the  light  which  it  threw  upon  an  interesting  portion  of  rabbinical  literature 
and  to  its  depth  of  Talmudic  knowledge.  In  1853  he  published,  conjointly  with 
the  Rev.  J.  J.  Lyons,  of  New  York,  a  work  on  the  Jewish  Calendar  System, 
chiefly  valuable  on  account  of  its  excellent  prefatory  treatise  upon  the  Jewish 
system  of  calculating  time. 

Dr.  de  Sola's  mastery  of  Semitic  languages  and  literature  early  attracted  the 
notice  of  our  learned  bodies,  and,  after  first  acting  as  lecturer,  he  was,  in  1853, 
appointed  professor  of  Hebrew  and  Oriental  literature  at  McGill  L^niversity.    The 


72  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

high  abilities  which  he  displayed  as  occupant  of  this  chair  proved  the  wisdom  of 
the  appointment,  and  he  continued  to  hold  the  position  during  the  rest  of  his  life. 

For  some  time  Dr.  de  Sola  had  been  engaged  in  the  preparation  of  one  of  his 
most  important  productions,  "The  Sanatory  Institutions  of  the  Hebrews."  The 
work  was  published  in  two  parts  and  was  an  exhaustive  exposition  of  the 
hygienic  laws  of  the  Hebrews,  as  exhibited  in  both  Scriptural  and  rabbinical  writ- 
ings, critically  examined  in  the  light  of  modern  scientific  knowledge.  It  was  a 
production  which  evinced  how  deeply  the  author  had  penetrated  into  scientific 
as  well  as  rabbinical  paths  of  learning.  Shortly  afterwards  he  published  a  sup- 
plemental work  to  it,  entitled  "Behemoth  Hatemeoth." 

The  prominence  to  which  Dr.  de  Sola  had  now  reached  among  men  of  let- 
ters led  McGill  University  to  confer  upon  him  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  in  1858. 

In  i860,  Dr.  Hall,  the  editor  of  The  British  .\merican  Journal,  devoted  to 
physical  and  medical  science,  induced  Dr.  de  Sola  to  assist  that  publication  with 
his  pen,  and,  among  other  contributions,  his  series  of  articles  "Upon  the  Employ- 
ment of  Anaesthetics  in  Cases  of  Labor,  in  Connection  with  Jewish  Law,"  call 
for  particular  mention. 

Dr.  de  Sola's  wide  range  of  studies  had  made  him  very  popular  both  as  a 
public  lecturer  and  as  a  contributor  to  various  literary  papers.  The  themes  of 
some  of  these  were  afterwards  much  amplified  by  him  and  republished  in  their 
elaborated  and  completed  form.  At  comparatively  short  intervals  he  gave  to  the 
public  his  works  on  "Scripture  Botany,"  "Sinaitic  Inscriptions,"  "Hebrew  Xumis- 
matics,"  "The  Ancient  Hebrews  as  Promoters  of  the  Arts  and  Sciences,"  "The 
Rise  and  Progress  of  the  Great  Hebrew  Colleges,"  and  "Philological  Studies  in 
Hebrew  and  the  Aramaic  Languages."  Turning  his  attention  again  to  Jewish 
history,  he,  in  i8fx).  wrote  his  interesting  "Life  of  Shabethai  Tsevi,  the  False 
Messiah."  The  following  year  he  completed  his  "History  of  the  Jews  of  Poland," 
and  in  1871  he  published  his  "History  of  the  Jews  of  France." 

Dr.  de  .Sola  closely  identified  himself  with  many  of  our  literary  and  scien- 
tific associations,  notably  with  the  Natural  History  Society,  in  which  he  was  an 
active  colaborer  of  Sir  William  Dawson  and  Sir  William  Logan.  He  was  for 
many  years  president  of  the  society  and  received  H.  R.  H.  Prince  Arthur  (after- 
wards Duke  of  Connaught)  when  that  prince  visited  the  society  in  1870.  His- 
address  upon  "The  Study  of  Natural  Science,"  delivered  upon  that  occasion, 
called  forth  a  letter  of  approbation  from  Queen  Mctoria. 

During  all  his  intense  literary  activity  Dr.  de  Sola  was  taking  a  very  promi- 
nent part  in  all  matters  afi^ecting  the  Jewish  people.  His  mastery  of  Jewish 
theology,  in  all  its  branches,  had  earned  him  wide  renown  among  his  own  race 
and  had  gained  him  a  high  place  among  the  very  foremost  rabbis  of  the  day. 
Convinced  that  the  fences  which  orthodoxy  placed  around  the  citadel  of  his  an- 
cestral faith  were  the  best  safeguards  against  disintegrating  forces,  the  upholders 
of  historical  Judaism  found  in  him  an  able  and  jjowerful  champion.  Equally 
noticeable  were  his  bold  attacks  upon  the  weak  points  of  tlie  skeptical  school  of 
modern  biblical  criticism.  His  intimate  knowledge  of  all  those  branches  of 
learning  which  hear  upon  this  subject  made  him  particularly  formidable  in  this 
respect.  The  Jewish  press  and  pulpit  and  the  lecture  platform  were  the  vehicles 
by  which  he  usually  reached  the  jjublic  on  these  subjects.  He  had,  indeed,  since 
his  first  arrival  in  Canada  been  a  jjarticularly  active  contril)Utor  to  Jewish  jour- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  73 

nals,  more  especially  to  the  Occident  of  I'hiladelpliia,  with  which  he  was  for 
years  identified,  being  in  intiniale  literary  relations  with  its  editor,  the  gifted 
Isaac  Leeser. 

Dr.  de  Sola's  ability  in  the  jmlpit  led  tcj  his  frequently  being  invited  to  lecture 
in  the  United  States,  where  he  had  ac(|uire(l  nnich  prominence  and  popularity. 
On  the  9th  of  January,  iJSjJ,  he  was  invited  by  General  (irant's  govern- 
ment to  jierform  the  ceremony  of  opening  the  United  States  congress  with  prayer, 
and  for  the  first  time  was  witnessed  the  unique  spectacle  of  one  who  was  not  a 
citizen  of  the  United  States  nor  of  the  dominant  belief  officiating  at  the  open- 
ing ceremonies  at  the  assembling  of  congress  at  Washington.  'J'he  broad  lib- 
erality of  this  act,  upon  the  part  of  the  United  States  government,  was  fraught 
with  particular  signiticance  at  that  time,  owing  to  the  fact  that  diplomatic  rela- 
tions between  liritain  and  the  United  States  had  then  but  lately  been  strained  to 
dangerous  tension  by  the  "Alabama  Claims,"  and  this  high  compliment  to  a  Brit- 
ish subject  was  the  first  evidence  of  the  growth  of  a  better  feeling  between  the 
two  countries.  Sir  Edward  Thornton,  the  British  ambassador  at  Washington, 
formally  extended  to  Dr.  de  Sola  the  thanks  of  the  British  government,  and 
Mr.  Gladstone — then  prime  minister,  also  personally  communicated  his  satis- 
faction. 

Upon  the  death  of  Isaac  Leeser,  Dr.  de  Sola  purchased  the  stereotyped  plates 
of  his  works  and  issued  a  new  edition  of  that  author's  translation  of  the  Bible 
according  to  Jewish  authorities.  He  also  brought  out  a  revised  translation 
of  the  Jewish  Forms  of  Prayer,  in  six  volumes,  based  upon  the  editions  of  D.  A. 
de  Sola  (his  father)  and  of  Leeser.  He  was  invited  to  become  .the  successor  of 
Mr.  Leeser  in  his  ministerial  office  but  declined.  He  had  previously  refused  sev- 
eral similar  offers. 

Dr.  de  Sola's  onerous  duties  were  at  this  time  further  increased  by  his  being 
offered  the  chair  of  Hebrew  at  the  Montreal  Presbyterian  College,  and  later  on 
he  accepted  the  appointment  of  lecturer  in  Spanish  literature  at  McGill  Univer- 
sity, a  literature  and  language  with  which  he  was  specially  familiar  and  to  which 
he  was  particularly  attached. 

But  such  incessant  application  to  work  could  not  but  prove  exhaustive,  and  his 
naturally  vigorous  health  broke  down  under  the  strain.  A  year's  rest,  spent 
in  Europe,  proved  sufficiently  beneficial  to  enable  him  to  return  to  some  of 
his  duties.  For  a  while  he  also  resumed  his  contributions  to  the  Jewish  press, 
and  among  other  interesting  writings  we  notice  his  "Yehuda  Alcharizi  and  the 
Book  Tachkemoni."  In  1880  he  published  his  last  important  work,  "Saadia  Ha- 
Gaon,"  a  book  giving  a  very  valuable  description  of  the  writings  and  life  of 
one  of  the  greatest  of  Jewish  philosophers  and  also  containing  an  interesting 
account  of  the  court  of  a  prince  of  the  captivity. 

But  failing  health  was  destined  now  to  check  forever  the  labors  of  his  active 
pen,  and  while  in  Kew  York,  on  a  visit  to  his  sister,  he  was  taken  ill  and  his  death 
occurred  on  June  5.  1882.  The  remains  were  brought  on  to  Montreal  and  there 
interred.  He  had  not  yet  comjsleted  his  fifty-seventh  year  when  he  passed  awav. 
In  his  death  the  Hebrew  community  sustained  a  loss  whose  magnitude  could 
scarcely  be  over-estimated.  His  self-sacrificing  devotion  to  the  service  of  his 
race,  his  ceaseless  labor  in  everything  which  could  elevate  and  promote  both 
their  moral  and  intellectual  welfare,  his  (|uick  readiness  to  assuage,  with  kind 


74  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

counsel  and  help,  the  lot  of  those  in  adversity,  and  the  rare  talents  which  he  had 
displayed  in  his  niultifarions  writings,  had  won  for  him  the  warmest  admiration 
and  attachment  of  his  people  and  had  gained  him  a  reputation  among  them  that 
was  w'orld-wide.  His  loss,  indeed,  was  scarcely  less  regretted  by  Gentile  than  by 
Jew,  for  the  prominence  which  his  scholarly  attainments  had  acquired  for  him 
among  Canadian  litterateurs,  the  active  role  which  he  had  for  thirty-five  years 
played  in  our  various  learned  bodies,  and  the  distinguished  position  which  he 
held  in  our  leading  university,  achieved  for  him  an  illustrious  place  among 
Canada's  public  men. 

Dr.  de  Sola  was  married  in  1852  to  Esther  Joseph,  the  youngest  daughter 
of  Henry  Joseph,  of  Berthier,  one  of  the  earliest  Jewish  settlers  in  this  country. 
Cjf  his  several  children,  the  eldest  son,  the  Rev.  Aleldola  de  Sola,  succeeded  him 
as  rabbi  of  the  Spanish  and  Portuguese  Synagogue  of  Montreal,  and  another 
son,  Clarence  I.  de  Sola,  is  general  manager  of  the  Belgian  syndicate,  "Comptoir 
Belgo-Canadien." 


ROBERT  MEIGHEN. 

The  history  of  Canada's  great  industrial  and  commercial  growth  during  the 
past  thirty  or  forty  years  is  but  the  history  of  such  men  as  Robert  Meighen 
one  of  the  foremost  business  men  of  his  generation,  whose  intense  and  intelli- 
gently directed  activity  constituted  a  potent  force  in  the  material  development 
and  progress  of  not  only  the  city  and  province  of  his  adoption  but  various 
other  sections  of  the  Dominion  as  well.  His  birth  occurred  at  Dungiven,  near 
Londonderry,  Ireland,  April  18,  1838,  his  parents  being  Robert  and  Mary 
(McLeghan)  iMeighen,  whose  family  numbered  five  children.  The  family 
history  shows  a  long  line  of  Irish  ancestors. 

Robert  Meighen  was  educated  at  Perth,  Ontario,  for  following  the  father's 
death  the  mother  brought  her  family  to  the  new  world,  settling  at  Perth,  where 
her  sons  were  educated  and  established  themselves  in  business  as  retail  and 
wholesale  merchants.  The  firm  of  A.  Meighen  &  Brothers  has  for  many  years 
been  one  of  the  most  extensive  mercantile  firms  doing  business  in  the  old 
Bathurst  district.  Robert  IMeighen  carried  on  business  in  partnership  with 
his  brother  at  Perth,  Ontario,  until  1879,  when  he  removed  to  Montreal  and 
entered  into  business  relations  with  his  brother-in-law.  Sir  George  Stephen, 
later  Lord  Mount  Stephen,  whom  he  succeeded  as  president  of  the  New  Bruns- 
wick Railway,  which  now  forms  part  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  system. 
Successful  from  the  outset  of  his  business  career,  Mr.  Meighen  continually 
extended  his  efforts  into  other  fields.  He  became  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling  Company,  establishing  and  operating  mills  and 
elevators  at  Keewatin  and  Portage  la  Prairie,  which  are  among  the  largest  aiul 
best  equipped  in  the  world.  Shortly  after  the  organization  of  this  company 
Robert  Meighen  became  its  president,  which  position  he  retained  till  the  time 
of  his  death,  directing  its  policy  and  formulating  tiic  plans  upon  which  the 
mammoth  business  was  constructed.    This  represented,  however,  but  one  phase 


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HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  77 

of  his  activity.  He  carried  his  efforts  into  many  fields,  none  of  them  failing 
to  profit  by  his  cooperation. 

"The  Gazette,"  at  the  time  of  Mr.  Meighen's  death,  said  in  part:  "Mr. 
Meighen  was  a  self-made  man  and  was  proud  to  designate  himself  as  such. 
From  the  day  he  entered  business  pursuits  at  Perth,  many  years  ago,  down  to 
the  time  he  became  a  director  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  an  institution 
Ix'  liad  championed  from  its  inception,  in  commerce,  in  finance  and  in  imperial 
politics,  Robert  Meighen  was  never  at  home  except  on  the  firing  line.  Although 
the  fact  is  only  perhaps  known  to  the  newspaper  fraternity  and  to  some  of  the 
leaders  of  tariff  reform  in  England,  he  advocated  closer  relations  between  the 
mother  country  and  the  outlying  dependencies  of  the  empire  even  before  Mr. 
Chamberlain  took  the  platform  in  England, as  the  champion  of  such  a  policy. 

"Mr.  Meighen  was  known  in  eastern  Ontario  as  a  clever  business  man,  a 
follower  of  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald,  and  as  a  man  who  had  ideas  and  could 
fearlessly  express  them  on  the  stump  and  at  the  fireside,  many  years  before 
he  came  to  Montreal.  It  was  ere  his  removal  to  this  city  that  he  had  secured, 
most  successfully,  the  right  of  way  for  the  Ontario  &  Quebec  Railway,  now 
the  Montreal  &  Toronto  section  of  the  Canadian  Pacific,  and  later  on  he  was 
entrusted  with  the  promotion  of  a  bill  wliich  was  of  the  utmost  importance  to 
that  railway.  Mr.  Meighen  was  not  a  member  of  parliament,  but  he  stated  his 
case  to  the  members  outside  and  in  the  loljbies  of  the  house  with  such  forceful- 
ness,  such  clarity  of  view  and  in  so  straightforward  a  manner  that  few  could 
withstand  his  cogent  arguments.  It  was  a  tribute  to  his  power  that  Sir 
Richard  Cartwright's  denunciation  of  him  was  quite  as  vehement  as  the  thun- 
derbolts which  the  chief  antagonist  of  the  great  railway  project'  used  to  launch 
against  Sir  John  Macdonald,  Sir  Charles  Tupper  and  the  other  parliamentary 
giants  of  the  day. 

"Mr.  Meighen  believed  not  only  in  the  Canadian  Pacific  project  itself,  but 
also  in  the  ultimate  value  of  the  great  tracts  of  land  lying  for  a  thousand  miles 
along  to  the  north  of  where  the  line  was  being  run  away  up  to  the  Saskatche- 
wan, and,  if  he  died  a  rich  man,  it  was  due  to  abiding  faith  in  the  future  of 
Canada's  western  domain  and  in  the  ultimate  development  of  the  Dominion  as 
a  whole.  It  was  in  reply  to  a  jocular  observation  from  Mr.  Choate,  the  then 
American  ambassador  at  the  court  of  St.  James,  who  had  asked  Mr.  Meighen 
when  Canada  was  going  to  throw  in  her  lot  with  the  United  States,  that  the 
Montreal  imperialist  declared  that  it  was  customary  for  the  larger  unit  to  absorb 
the  smaller,  and  no  doubt  at  her  pleasure  Canada  would  follow  the  established 
precedent. 

"A  good  many  shrewd  Montreal  merchants  smiled  when  Mr.  ^leighen  came 
from  a  small  Ontario  town  to  this  city  as  the  promoter  of  a  great  industry, 
but  many  months  had  not  passed  before  they  discovered  that  both  in  commerce 
and  finance  a  rival  worthy  of  their  keenest  steel  had  taken  his  place  amongst 
them  and  ever  after,  when  any  important  subject  was  up  for  discussion  on  the 
floors  of  the  Board  of  Trade,  the  opinions  of  the  man  from  Perth,  uttered  with 
characteristic  Irish  eloquence  and  wit,  invariably  commanded  respect  and  atten- 
tion. His  fellow  members  did  not  always  agree  with  him,  but  they  were  always 
ready  to  admit  that  he  was  sincere  and  that  he  spoke  the  truth  as  he  felt  it. 


78  HISTORY  OF  .MONTREAL 

"Returning  from  England  some  years  ago,  when  everything  spelt  unrest  in 
industrial  Britain,  Air.  Aleighen  gave  an  interview  to  The  Gazette  which  has 
perhaps  been  quoted  more  frequently  by  politicians  on  both  continents,  as  well 
as  by  Canadian  public  men  of  all  parties,  than  any  other  of  his  utterances.  Mr. 
Aleighen,  who  was  always  a  great  reader,  declared  that  England  at  that  time 
could  only  be  compared  to  Athens  when  Diogenes,  the  Greek  philosopher,  went 
out  with  his  lantern  looking,  as  he  said,  for  a  man.  He  said,  however,  in  the 
course  of  that  interview,  that  the  man  would  be  found,  and  sure  enough  it 
was  not  long  before  Joseph  Chamberlain  was  entering  upon  his  whirlwind  cam- 
paign in  favor  of  imperial  preference  and  the  absolute  unity  of  the  British 
empire.  Air.  Aleighen  was  denounced  more  than  once  at  the  Montreal  Board 
of  Trade,  but  a  good  many  of  the  men  who  came  to  scoff  remained  to  pray, 
to  use  Air.  Aleighen's  own  graphic  language.  Three  years  ago,  when  a  resolu- 
tion was  to  be  introduced  before  the  Alontreal  Board  of  Trade  on  the  policy 
of  imperial  preferential  trade.  Air.  Aleighen  was  particularly  anxious  that  it 
should  be  fathered  by  a  leader  in  commerce  and  finance.  He  prepared  the 
resolution,  called  upon  the  late  Sir  George  Drummond,  president  of  the  Bank 
of  Alontreal  and  universally  admitted  to  be  the  first  authority  on  matters  of 
trade  and  finance  in  the  Dominion,  asking  him  to  move  it.  Sir  George  Drum- 
mond's  answer  was  characteristic  of  the  man.  "Air.  Aleighen,'  he  replied,  'this 
resolution  meets  my  views  exactly,  but  the  honor  of  moving  it  belongs  to  you 
and  you  alone  and  I  will  take  a  second  place.  You  will  mo"ve  the  resolution 
and  I  will  be  only  too  happy  to  second  it.'  Air.  Aleighen  delivered  a  masterly 
address  on  that  occasion  and  the  resolution  was  carried. 

"His  greatest  energy  was  centered  in  the  development  of  the  company 
over  which  he  presided  up  to  the  hour  of  his  death,  yet  he  stated  not  very  long 
ago  that  he  was  shaping  things  in  such  a  manner  as  would  permit  younger 
men  to  assume  the  responsibilities  of  management  and  that  after  the  million- 
dollar  bond  issue  had  been  retired  he  would  then  feel  that  he  could  take  a  rest. 

"The  late  president  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods  Company  was  from  the 
outset  an  uncompromising  opponent  of  the  Washington  reciprocity  pact  and 
he  did  not  hesitate  to  state  on  every  oft'ered  occasion  that  the  ratification  of 
such  a  treaty  would  be  a  severe  blow  aimed  at  the  unity  of  the  empire,  and  a 
decided  mistake  in  the  widest  interests. 

"He  was  the  confidential  friend  and  associate  in  various  business  enter- 
prises of  both  Lord  Mount  Stephen  and  Lord  Strathcona.  These  eminent  men 
had  implicit  confidence  in  Air.  Aleighen's  business  judgment,  and  as  a  matter 
of  fact  many  other  men  high  up  in  imperial  statecraft  came  to  him  for  advice 
on  both  Canadian  and  British  trade  matters.  Indeed,  some  of  the  best  speeches 
delivered  on  the  unionist  side  during  the  last  two  British  elections  drew  their 
information  from,  and  were  in  part,  inspired  by  the  ideas  of  this  foremost, 
perhaps,  of  Canadian  tariff  reformers." 

The  same  paper  said  editorially :  "A  v^'orthy  and  widely  respected  citizen 
was  lost  to  Alontreal  by  the  death  yesterday  morning  of  Air.  Robert  Aleighen. 
In  business  he  won  marked  success.  He  helped  in  no  small  way  to  show  the 
great  possibilities  of  the  milling  trade  of  Canada  and  so  profited  the  country 
as  well  as  himself  and  his  associates.  He  judiciously  employed  the  wealth  that 
came  to  him  and  greatly  increased  his  store.     The  largest  business  enterprises 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  79 

sought  his  counsel  on  their  (hrectorates  and  ])rolite(l  by  his  connection  with 
them.  He  was  a  man  of  ideas  in  matters  outside  of  commerce,  and  held  and 
advocated  views  about  the  country  and  the  empire  with  vigor  and  courage  and 
the  broadest  loyalty.  In  private  life  his  sincerity,  earnestness  and  kindliness 
caused  all  men  to  give  him  their  regard.  In  his  capacity  as  merchant,  citizen 
and  man  he  rose  to  high  stature ;  and  at  a  rijje  old  age  closed  a  worthy  career, 
leaving  a  memory  that  is  a  help  to  what  is  good  and  creditable  in  business  life." 

Among  his  business  connections,  not  already  mentioned,  Mr.  Mcighen  was 
managing  director  of  the  Cornwall  Manufacturing  Company,  a  director  of  the 
Canada  Northwest  Land  Company,  the  Bank-  of  Toronto,  the  Dominion  Trans- 
portation Company,  the  St.  John  Bridge  &  Railway  Company,  the  Montreal 
Street  Railway  and  the  New  Brunswick  Land  Company.  His  activities  like- 
wise extended  to  other  fields  havjng  to  do  with  many  subjects  of  vital  interest 
to  city  and  country.  He  was  a  director  of  the  Montreal  Parks  and  Playground 
Association  and  was  president  of  the  New  Brunswick  Fish  and  Game  Club. 
He  was  likewise  vice  president  of  the  King  Edward  Memorial  Committee  of 
Montreal,  was  chairman  of  the  Canadian  board  of  the  Phoenix  Assurance 
Company  and  was  a  governor  of  the  Royal  Victoria,  the  Western  and  Maternity 
Hospitals  of  Montreal.  The  Montreal  Standard  named  him  as  one  of  the 
twenty-three  men  at  the  basis  of  Canadian  finance,  and  it  was  a  recognized 
fact  that  few  men  were  more  familiar  with  the  problems  of  finance  or  did  more 
to  establish  a  safe  monetary  system.  Mr.  Meighen  belonged  to  various  prom- 
inent social  organizations,  including  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Mount  Royal  Club, 
the  Canada  Club  and  the  Montreal  Club. 

He  was  a  Presbyterian,  a  member  of  St.  Paul's  church  and'  chairman  of  its 
board  of  trustees.  All  his  life  Mr.  Meighen  was  a  firm  believer  in  the  copart- 
nership of  capital  and  labor  and  in  the  coexisting  duties,  on  a  fair  basis,  of  one 
to  the  other.  He  realized  and  carried  out  the  idea  of  their  inter-dependency. 
\\'hen  labor  had  contributed  to  the  success  of  capital  he  never  allowed  it  go 
without  recognition  and  its  just  reward,  with  the  result  of  absolute  confidence 
on  the  pnrt  of  his  employes  in  his  fairness  and  regard  for  their  interests,  and 
a  willingness  to  give,  in  turn,  their  loyal  and  honest  support  to  capital.  Above 
all  Mr.  ]\Ieighen  had  keen  human  sympathies.  He  delighted  in  the  energetic 
young  man  cutting  out  his  road  to  success,  but  this  did  not  prevent  him  from 
having  patience  and  sympathy  with  those  who,  perhaps  through  lack  of  natural 
gifts  or  unfortunate  circumstances,  found  life  an  uphill  pull.  In  astonishing 
numbers  both  kinds  of  men  seemed  to  bring  their  successes  and  their  failures 
to  him.  and  to  both,  provided  they  showed  honesty  of  purpose,  he  would  give 
his  time,  his  advice  and  his  help  in  the  open-hearted  way  characteristic  of  a 
man  who  had  not  a  single  ungenerous  impulse  in  his  nature. 

At  the  time  of  his  death  when  the  press  throughout  Canada  was  giving 
appreciations  of  his  ability  and  of  his  success  one  of  his  intimate  friends 
remarked,  "They  have  omitted  the  biggest  thing  about  him — his  heart" — and 
so  it  was.  When  these  two,  great  heart  and  much  ability,  go  hand  in  hand 
and  work  together,  one  vitalizing,  as  it  were,  the  conceptions  of  the  other,  a 
potent  force  is  felt  to  be  abroad.  W'el!  is  it  for  our  Canadian  business  world 
to  have  had  such  a  force  in  its  midst  as  the  late  Robert  Meighen  truly  was. 
He  died  when  still,  one  might  say,  at  the  height  of  his  activities  and  with   a 


80  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

heavy  burden  of  work  upon  him,  but  to  work  was  his  pleasure.  His  loss  was 
deeply  deplored  by  all  who  knew  him  and  he  left  behind  him  a  record  of  a 
man  who  in  all  things  was  the  soul  of  honor  and  an  example  to  those  who 
come  after — "Follow  on." 

Mr.  Meighen  left  a  widow,  Elsie  Stephen,  daughter  of  the  late  William 
Stephen,  formerly  of  Dufftown,  Scotland,  and  three  children.  Lieutenant  Col- 
onel F.  S.  Meighen,  who  has  succeeded  his  father  as  president  of  the  Lake  of 
the  Woods  Milling  Company,  Mrs.  R.  Wilson  Reford  and  Mrs.  R.  O.  Harley. 


WILLL\M  ERNEST  BOLTON. 

Twenty  years'  connection  with  the  real-estate  business  has  brought  William 
Ernest  Bolton  into  prominence  and  today  he  figures  as  a  controlling  factor  in 
some  of  the  leading  real-estate  companies  of  Montreal.  He  was  born  in  this 
city  April  ii,  1873,  a  son  of  Richard  and  Elizabeth  (Alinchin)  Bolton.  His  edu- 
cation was  acquired  in  the  schools  of  his  native  city,  and  early  in  his  business 
career  he  became  identified  with  real-estate  activity  in  which  connection  he  has 
remained  for  many  years  as  a  well  known  and  successful  real-estate  broker. 
He  has  been  identified  with  many  important  property  transfers  and  with  important 
development  of  real-estate  interests.  He  is  now  a  director  of  the  Montreal 
Loan  &  Mortgage  Company ;  president  of  the  Birmingham-Montreal  Realty  Com- 
pany, Limited ;  a  director  of  the  Midland  Investment  Company.  Limited ;  of  the 
Richelieu  Realty  Company,  Limited :  of  the  Renforth  Realty  Company,  Limited, 
and  of  the  Riviera  Realty  Company.  Limited.  These  are  among  the  most 
important  corporations  in  that  branch  of  business  having  to  do  with  the  property 
interests  and  consequent  development  and  progress  of  the  city. 

In  Plainfield,  New  Jersey,  in  1905,  ^Mr.  Bolton  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Catherine  Hamilton  McClure  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  two 
sons,  Richard  and  Hamilton.  Mr.  Bolton  votes  with  the  conservative  party  but 
the  honors  and  emoluments  of  public  office  have  no  attraction  for  him.  When 
business  leaves  him  leisure  for  social  enjoyment  he  spends  his  time  at  the  Mon- 
treal Club,  the  Beaconsfield  Golf  Club,  the  Winter  Club,  the  Montreal  Country 
Club  and  the  ?»Iontreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association,  in  all  of  which  he  holds 
membership. 


THORNTON  DAVIDSON. 

Foremost  among  the  younger  generation  of  business  men  in  Montreal  and 
one  who  had  attained  a  high  standing  in  the  financial  circles  of  the  city,  was 
Thornton  Davidson,  whose  untimely  death  in  the  sinking  of  the  steamship 
Titanic,  April  15,  191 2,  ended  a  career  that  had  not  only  been  successful,  but 
gave  great  promise  for  the  future. 

Thornton  Davidson  was  a  native  of  Montreal,  and  was  born  on  the  I7.th  of 
May,   1880.     His  father  was  the  Hon.  C.  Peers  Davidson,  D.  C.  L.,  a  distin- 


THOKXTDV   n.WIDSOX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  83 

guished  jurist,  and  his  mother  Alice  Mattice,  second  daughter  of  WiUiam  Mat- 
tice  of  Cornwall,  Ontario.  Reared  in  Montreal,  Thornton  Davidson  attended 
the  city  schools,  graduating  from  high  school.  Throughout  his  active  business 
career  he  was  connected  with  financial  interests,  later  becoming  manager  of  the 
Montreal  branch  of  the  New  York  house  of  Charles  Head  &  Company. 

In  1908  he  established  the  firm  of  Thornton  Davidson  &  Company  wliich 
soon  took  a  prominent  position  among  the  leading  brokerage  and  investment 
security  houses  in  the  city.  In  1909  Mr.  Davidson  became  a  member  of  the 
Montreal  Stock  Exchange.  His  thorough  capability  and  great  energy  were 
factors  in  the  success  of  the  business  which  he  established  and  of  which  he 
remained  the  head  until  his  death.  His  personal  popularity  made  him  a  valued 
member  of  the  club  life  of  the  city,  where  he  held  membership  in  the  St.  James, 
Racquet,  Montreal  Hunt,  Montreal  Jockey,  Montreal  Polo,  Royal  St.  Lawrence 
Yacht,  Manitou  and  Canada  Clubs,  and  also  in  Montreal  Amateur  Athletic 
Association. 

On  November  3,  igo6,  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Davidson  was  married  to  Miss 
Orian  Hays,  daughter  of  Charles  Melville  Hays.  Returning  from  Europe  in 
company  with  his  wife  and  the  latter's  parents,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  M.  Hays, 
on  the  ill-fated  Titanic,  Mr.  Davidson  was  among  those  brave  men  who  on 
April  15,  1912,  gave  precedence  to  women  and  children  and  went  down  with 
the  ship.  Such  an  act  is  just  what  his  friends  would  have  expected  of  Thorn- 
ton Davidson  in  such  an  emergency.  His  associates  knew  him  as  a  capable 
business  man  and  a  most  genial  companion,  but  they  recognized  in  him  also  the 
strength  of  character  which  manifests  itself  in  the  highest  type  of  manhood 
when  a  crisis  arises. 


WILLIAM  FAWCETT  HAMILTON,  M.  D. 

Important  professional  connections  indicate  the  high  standing  of  Dr.  \\  il- 
liam  Fawcett  Hamilton  of  Montreal,  who,  in  addition  to  an  extensive  private 
practice  has  done  much  hospital  work.  He  is  a  son  of  Gustavus  W.  and  Eleanor 
(Goodwin)  Hamilton,  and  was  born  in  Baie  Verte,  New  P.runswick.  His  early 
education  was  acquired  in  the  schools  of  his  native  town  and  in  Upper  Sack- 
ville  and  then,  having  determined  upon  the  practice  of  medicine  as  a  life  work, 
he  entered  McGill  University  of  Montreal,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with 
the  class  of  i8gi,  receiving  the  degrees  of  M.  D.  and  C.  ^I.  He  has  now  suc- 
cessfully practiced  his  profession  in  this  city  for  more  than  two  decades  and  has 
advanced  steadily  to  a  place  of  prominence  as  a  representative  of  the  medical 
profession.  From  1891  until  1894  he  was  medical  superintendent  of  the  Mon- 
treal General  Hospital  and  in  the  latter  year  became  assistant  phvsician  of  the 
Royal  Mctoria  Hospital,  and  upon  the  death  of  Dr.  James  Stewart,  in  1906,  he 
was  appointed  attending  physician  of  that  institution.  He  has  proven  himself 
a  man  of  abilitv  and  public  opinion  has  accorded  him  rank  with  the  eminent 
physicians  of  the  city.  He  is  now  associate  professor  of  clinical  medicine  at 
McGill  Universitv  and  as  an  instructor  displays  capability  in  imparting  readilv. 
clearlv,  conciselv  and  forcibly  to  others  the  knowledge  that  he  has  acc|uired.     In 


84  HISTORY  OF  :M0NTREAL 

1909  he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  Board  of  \ictoriaii  Order  of  Murses,  and 
he  is  a  member  of  the  Association  of  American  Physicians  and  vice  president 
of  the  Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  Society.  Through  these  connections  he 
keeps  in  close  touch  with  the  advanced  work  of  the  profession  and  has  himself 
been  a  leader  along  the  line  of  professional  progress. 

In  June,  1897,  Dr.  Hamilton  married  Miss  Janet  Alills  of  Westmount,  P.  Q. 
Aside  from  his  activity  in  the  professional  field  Dr.  Hamilton  has  done  important 
public  service  as  a  director  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association  and  as 
senator  of  the  Montreal  Wesleyan  Theological  College.  He  is  an  active  and 
helpful  member  of  the  Methodist  church,  and  his  social  nature  finds  expression 
in  his  membership  in  the  University  Club  and  the  Montreal  Country  Club. 


HON.  MICHEL  MATHIEU. 

Hon.  Michel  Mathieu  has  engraven  his  name  high  upon  the  list  of  ^lontreal's 
eminent  jurists,  but  has  now  retired  from  active  connection  with  the  profession, 
spending  the  evening  of  life  in  the  enjoyment  of  well  earned  rest.  He  has 
passed  the  seventy-fifth  milestone,  having  been  born  at  Sorel,  province  of  Que- 
bec, December  20,  1838,  a  son  of  the  late  Joseph  and  Edwidge  (Vandal) 
Mathieu.  His  education  was  acquired  under  private  tuition  and  in  the  College 
of  St.  Hyacinthe,  followed  by  a  professional  course  in  Laval  University.  He 
was  admitted  to  the  notarial  profession  in  1864  and  was  called  to  the  Montreal 
bar  as  an  advocate  in  1865.  His  practice  of  his  profession  has  been  combined 
with  active  public  service.  In  1866  he  was  chosen  sherift  of  Richelieu  and  con- 
tinued in  that  position  for  six  years.  He  successfidly  practiced  his  profession 
at  Sorel  and  while  at  the  bar  was  closely  associated  with  journalism  bearing 
upon  his  profession,  being  the  publisher  of  La  Revue  Legale,  together  with 
some  annotated  reports.  In  1880  he  was  created  king's  counsel  by  the  Marquis 
of  Lome.  He  became  widely  known  as  an  educator,  for  in  1886  he  became  a 
memlier  of  the  law  faculty  of  Laval  University,  receiving  in  that  year  the 
degree  of  LL.  D.,  and  Ijecoming  dean  of  the  faculty,  which  connection  he  still 
retains. 

It  is  a  well  known  fact  that  members  of  the  bar  more  than  representatives 
of  other  professions  are  prominent  in  public  office.  The  reasons  for  this  are 
obvious  and  need  no  amplification  here,  for  the  ([ualities  which  fit  one  for  suc- 
cess in  law  practice  also  prepare  him  for  the  thorough  understanding  of  invoKed 
problems  affecting  the  public  welfare,  and  the  habit  of  analytical  reasoning  is 
as  forceful  and  valuable  in  one  connection  as  in  the  other.  Judge  IMathicu  sat 
for  Richelieu  in  the  house  of  commons,  representing  the  conservative  interests 
from  1872  until  1874.  He  was  then  defeated  hut  represented  the  same  con- 
stituency in  the  local  parliament  from  1875  "'''■'  1878.  He  took  his  place  upon 
the  bench  as  puisne  judge  of  the  superior  court  on  the  3d  of  October,  1881,  and 
for  twenty-eight  years  interpreted  law  in  o])inions  which  were  notably  free  from 
partiality  and  bias.  His  decisions  indicate  strong  mentality,  careful  analysis 
and  a  thorough  knowledge  of  the  law.  The  judge  on  the  bench  fails  more 
frequently,  perhajjs,  from  a  deficiency  in  that  broadmindedness  which  not  only 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  85 

conipreliciuis  the  details  of  a  silualioii  c|uiekly  and  that  insures  a  complete  self- 
control  under  even  the  most  exasperating  conditions  than  from  any  other  cause ; 
and  the  judge  who  makes  a  success  in  the  discharge  of  his  multitudinous,  delicate 
duties  is  a  man  of  well  rounded  character,  finely  halanced  mind  and  of  sj^lendid 
intellectual  attainments.  That  Judge  Mathieu  is  regarded  as  such  a  jurist  is  a 
uniformly  accepted  fact.  He  figured  also  in  public  life  as  a  royal  commissioner 
to  inquire  into  certain  matters  concerning  the  good  government  of  the  province 
in  1892.  He  presided  at  the  celebrated  Shortis  case  for  murder  in  the  '90s ;  in 
1910  he  lectured  on  the  Canadian  constitution  and  in  July  of  that  year  he  was 
appointed  a  royal  commissioner  to  revise,  consolidate  and  modify  the  municipal 
code  of  Quebec. 

Judge  Mathieu  was  married  in  1863  to  Marie  Delina  Thirza,  a  daughter  of 
the  late  Captain  St.  Louis  of  Sorel,  province  of  Quebec.  She  died  in  1870  and 
in  188 1  Judge  Mathieu  wedded  Marie  Amelie  Antoinette,  a  daughter  of  the  late 
Hon.  D.  M.  Armstrong,  M.  L.  C.  The  death  of  Mrs.  Marie  A.  A.  Mathieu 
occurred  in  April,  1898.  Judge  Mathieu  now  resides  at  The  Marlborough  in 
Montreal.  His  religious  belief  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  Some- 
thing of  his  standing  is  indicated  in  the  words  of  Dr.  J.  Reade,  who  spoke  of 
him  as  "much  esteemed,  especially  by  the  students  and  younger  members  of  the 
bar,"  while  the  Montreal  Gazette  said  of  him,  "He  is  a  judge,  painstaking  and 
capable  and  with  a  grasp  of  the  law  and  its  meaning  that  few  can  equal."  His 
influence  has  been  far-reaching  and  beneficial ;  it  has  touched  the  general  inter- 
ests of  society  along  many  lines  and  has  been  a  factor  in  maintaining  the  legal 
status  upon  which  rests  the  stability  and  ])rosperity  of  a  country,  the  life  and 
liberty  of  the  individual. 


HON.  CHARLES  SERAPHIM  RODIER. 

Along  the  path  of  broad  usefulness  and  activity  Hon.  Charles  Seraphim 
Rodier  advanced  to  prominence  and  success.  He  was  a  pioneer  contractor, 
lumber  merchant  and  manufacturer  of  Montreal  and  eventually  came  to  figure 
prominently  in  tinancial  circles.  He  was  born  in  this  city,  October  14,  1818, 
and  his  life  record  spans  seventy-two  years,  drawing  to  its  close  on  the  26th 
of  January,  i8go.  His  grandfather  was  a  physician  in  the  French  army  and 
leaving  Paris  came  to  Canada,  settling  in  Montreal  in  the  middle  of  the  eigh- 
teenth century.  His  father  was  Jean  liaptiste  Rodier,  who  married  Miss  Mon- 
treuil,  daughter  of  a  well  known  navigator  who  commanded  vessels  sailing  from 
Montreal. 

The  op])ortunities  accorded  Charles  Seraphim  Rodier  in  his  youth  were 
somewhat  limited.  He  pursued  his  education  in  a  church  school,  but  at  the 
age  of  fourteen  years  put  aside  his  text-books  in  order  that  he  might  earn  his 
own  living.  He  was  apprenticed  to  the  carpenter's  trade  and  for  his  services 
received  a  wage  of  one  dollar  per  day.  Thus  from  a  humble  position  in  the 
business  world  he  steadily  worked  his  way  upward  until  long  prior  to  his  death 
he  had  reached  a  place  in  the  millionaire  class.  He  applied  himself  thoroughly 
to  the  mastery  of  his  trade  and  when  hut  eighteen  years  of  age  began  contract- 


86  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ing  on  his  own  account  and  gained  a  good  patronage.  About  the  year  1846  he 
began  the  manufacture  of  threshing  machines  on  St.  Peter  street,  now  St.  Mar- 
tin, and  for  the  remainder  of  his  life  was  to  be  found  almost  daily  at  his  office 
at  No.  62  St.  Martin.  The  business  prospered  from  the  beginning  and  machines 
that  were  made  there  over  a  half  century  ago  are  still  repaired  there.  Each 
step  in  his  business  career  brought  him  a  broader  outlook  and  wider  opportuni- 
ties. He  was  the  owner  of  freight  and  passenger  vessels  and  was  one  of  the 
founders  of  the  Jacques  Cartier  Bank,  in  which  he  placed  one  hundred  and 
forty-five  thousand  dollars.  He  acted  as  both  vice  president  and  director  of  that 
institution  and  was  connected  with  several  joint  stock  companies,  his  opinions 
carrying  weight  in  their  management,  for  his  advice  was  always  considered 
sound  and  his  judgment  discriminating  in  regard  to  business  affairs. 

Aside  from  his  personal  interests,  he  was  for  over  fifty  years  active  in  pub- 
lic life.  In  1838  he  was  elected  alderman  for  St.  Antoine  ward  of  Montreal  but 
could  not  take  his  seat  until  later  when  he  became  of  age.  For  nine  years 
he  served  in  the  council,  being  elected  three  times  by  acclamation.  Politically 
he  was  a  stanch  liberal-conservative  and  three  times  he  refused  a  senatorship, 
but  later,  at  the  urgent  request  of  his  family  and  friends,  he  accepted  in  1888, 
being  gazetted  senator  on  the  17th  of  December,  of  that  year,  for  the  division 
of  Mille  Isles.  He  last  attended  parliament  the  week  before  his  death  and  was 
last  at  his  desk  on  the  24th  of  January,  1890.  He  gave  careful- consideration  to 
the  grave  questions  which  came  up  for  settlement  and  stanchly  supported  any 
movement  which  he  considered  of  vital  worth.  His  activities  also  extended  to 
other  lines.  He  was  president  of  the  St.  Jean  Baptiste  Society ;  was  warden  of 
Notre  Dame  church ;  and  president  of  St.  Mncent  de  Paul  Society.  He  was 
also  lieutenant  colonel  of  the  Si.xty-fourth  lieauharnois  Battalion  at  the  time 
of  its  formation  and  he  was  ever  a  generous  contributor  to  religious,  educa- 
tional and  charitable  institutions. 

Senator  Rodier  was  united  in  marriage  in  1848  to  Miss  Angelique  Lapierre, 
a  daughter  of  Andre  Lapierre.  The  death  of  Mr.  Rodier  occurred  January  26, 
1890,  when  he  had  reached  the  age  of  seventy-two  years,  while  his  wife  sur- 
vived until  March  24,  1907.  They  were  the  parents  of  four  sons  and  four 
daughters. 


ALEXANDER  C.  HENRY. 

In  business  circles  of  Montreal  the  name  of  Alexander  C.  Henry  was  well 
known,  for  from  1899  until  his  death,  three  years  later,  he  was  purchasing  agent 
for  the  entire  system  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  the  magnitude  and 
importance  of  his  duties  making  his  position  a  most  difficult  and  responsible 
one.  He  was  born  at  Beamsville,  Canada,  in  1849,  and  after  mastering  the 
branches  of  learning  taught  in  the  public  schools  he  attended  the  Upper  Canada 
College,  at  Toronto.  Subseeiuently  he  removed  to  Montreal,  and  gradually  working 
his  way  upward  in  business  connections  became,  in  1884,  assistant  ])urchasing  agent 
for  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  and  in  1899  was  made  general  purchasing 
agent  for  the  entire  system.     His  ability,  fidelity,  indefatigable  energy  and  enter- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  87 

prise  l)rou<,'lit  him  to  llic  [jroniinent  position  which  he  occuiiied.  At  the  time  of 
his  deatli  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy,  president  of  the  Canadian  I'acific  Railway, 
paid  high  tribute  to  his  memory  and  bore  testimony  to  his  honesty,  w-hich  was 
manifest  in  his  careful  accounting  for  every  penny,  although  in  his  capacity  of 
purchasing  agent  he  expended  over  one  hundred  and  two  million  dollars. 

On  the  30th  of  November,  1882,  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Henry  was  united  in 
marriage  to  Miss  Agnes  Wilson,  of  England,  and  to  them  were  born  three  chil- 
dren, two  of  whom  are  living,  H.  Gordon,  being  a  resident  of  Cleveland,  Ohio, 
and  the  other,  A.  Wilson,  of  Montreal.  Mr.  Henry  held  membership  in  St. 
James  the  Apostle  church.  He  was  a  public-spirited  citizen,  active  in  support 
of  any  movement  which  he  deemed  of  vital  worth  in  the  upbuilding  and  progress 
of  the  community.  He  belonged  to  St.  James  Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream 
Club  and  others,  and  he  had  an  extensive  circle  of  friends  who  held  him  iri  tlic 
highest  esteem.     Mr.  Henry  passed  away  on  February  2,  1902. 


GEORGE  FREDERICK  BENSON. 

In  manufacturing  and  commercial  circles  of  Montreal  the  name  of  George 
Frederick  Benson  is  well  known.  Important  business  concerns  have  profited 
by  his  cooperation,  have  felt  the  stimulus  of  his  energy  and  enterprise  and  have 
been  (|uickened  by  his  close,  application  and  careful  control.  Many  of  Mon- 
treal's best  known  and  most  successful  business  men  are  numbered  among  her 
native  sons,  to  which  class  Mr.  Benson  belongs.  His  father,  William  T.  Ben- 
son, a  native  of  Kendal,  W'estmoreland,  England,  was  a  member  of  the  federal 
parliament  for  the  constituency  of  South  Grenville,  Ontario,  in  which  county 
the  village  of  Cardinal  (formerly  called  Edwardsburg)  is  situated.  There  the 
late  W.  T.  Benson  resided  for  twenty-seven  years,  after  establishing  there  in 
1858  the  industry,  so  well  known  for  many  years  throughout  the  Dominion  of 
Canada  as  The  Edwardsburg  Starch  Company  and  now  forming  the  Edwards- 
burg Works  of  The  Canada  Starch  Company,  Ltd.  The  late  W.  T.  Benson 
married  in  England,  before  coming  to  Canada,  Helen  Wilson  of  Acton  Grange, 
Cheshire,  England,  and  their  only  son  was  George  Frederick  Benson,  the  sub- 
ject of  this  review. 

He  was  educated  in  England  at  Uppingham  School  and  Oxford  University, 
but  returned  to  Canada,  after  the  sudden  death  of  his  father  in  1885,  to 
take  charge  of  his  father's  varied  interests.  After  first  confining  his  work  to 
the  management  of  the  firm  of  W.  T.  Benson  &  Company,  importers  of  foreign 
wools  and  chemicals  at  Montreal,  he  was  elected  president  of  The  Edwardsburg 
Starch  Company  in  1894,  and  since  the  formation  of  The  Canada  Starch  Com- 
pany in  1906  he  has  been  its  president  and  managing  director.  He  is  likewise 
a  director  of  the  West  Kootenay  Power  &  Light  Company,  and  thus  his  inter- 
ests have  become  extensive  and  important,  connecting  him  with  leading  manu- 
facturing, commercial  and  industrial  interests,  not  only  in  the  east  but  also  in 
the  west. 

In  October,  1800,  Mr.  Benson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Etheldred 
Norton,  a  daughter  of  the  late  George  Frothingham  of  the  well  known  firm  of 


88  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Frothingham  &  \\'orkman,  and  they  reside  at  No.  15  Ontario  avenue,  Montreal. 
Mr.  Benson  gives  his  political  allegiance  to  the  conservative  party  and  in 
religious  faith  is  an  Anglican.  He  has  been  an  active  member  of  the  Montreal 
Board  of  Trade,  and  was  treasurer  for  the  year  191 3.  He  has  a  wide  acquain- 
tance among  leading  club  men  of  the  city,  holding  membership  in  a  number  of 
the  most  important  clubs  of  Montreal,  including  the  St.  James.  Mount  Royal, 
Canadian,  Canada,  Forest  and  Stream,  Montreal  Hunt,  Montreal  Racquet,  Royal 
Montreal  Golf  and  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Clubs.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
the  Royal  Canadian  Yacht  Club  of  Toronto  and  an  active  member  of  the 
Thousand  Islands  Yacht  Club  in  the  Thousand  Islands  district,  where  he  has 
a  most  attractive  summer  residence. 


LOUIS    N.    DUPUIS. 

Louis  N.  Dupuis  is  one  of  Montreal's  well  known  business  men  and  citizens, 
whose  connection  with  varied  and  important  commercial  enterprises  in  that  city, 
has  gained  for  him  success  and  high  standing  as  well  as  an  enviable  position  in 
business  and  financial  circles.  He  was  born  at  St.  Jacques  I'Achigan,  Montcalm 
county,  Octol^er  17,  1855,  a  son  of  Joseph  Dupuis  and  Euphrasie  Richard.  He 
attended  Archambault's  Catholic  Commercial  Academy  now  called  Plateau 
school  and  entered  upon  his  business  career  as  junior  clerk  in  the  employ  of  his 
late  brother,  J.  Naz.  Dupuis.  in  1868.  While  at  this  time,  ^Ir.  Dupuis  was  but  a 
lad,  yet  he  applied  himself  closely  and  learned  the  business  rapidly. 

He  was  one  of  the  founders  in  1876  of  Dupuis  Freres,  Limited,  one  of  the 
best  known  mercantile  houses  in  Montreal,  and  during  the  first  ten  years  of  this 
firm's  existence  he  took  an  important  part  in  the  management  of  its  affairs  and 
was  no  small  factor  in  its  success. 

On  the  1st  of  January,  1886,  Louis  N.  Dupuis  retired  from  the  firm,  since 
which  time  he  has  given  his  attention  to  various  commercial  enterprises,  his 
sound  judgment  constituting  an  active  and  effective  force  in  capable  manage- 
ment. 

Mr.  Dupuis  has  been  for  a  number  of  years  extensively  identified  with  real 
estate  interests  in  Montreal,  and  in  this  connection  has  taken  a  prominent  part 
in  the  city's  development.  He  is  president  of  the  Eastmount  Land  Company, 
also  president  of  La  Compagnie  General  d'Immeubles.  Limitee,  and  president 
of  the  Merchants  and  Employers  Guarantee  and  Accident  Company.  In  these 
companies  as  well  as  in  others  with  which  he  has  been  identified,  his  sound 
business  judgment  and  foresight  have  been  substantial  contributions  to  their 
success. 

On  the  25th  of  April,  1881,  Mr.  Dupuis  was  married  at  L'Assom])tion  to 
Miss  Marie  Melanie  Panct  Lcvesque,  the  second  daughter  of  Pierre  Thomas 
Panet  Levesque,  a  land  surveyor.  Mr.  Panet  Levesque  was  seigneur  of  d'Aille- 
boust  and  Ramsey,  which  two  seigiicuries  are  situated  in  the  county  of  Joliette, 
P.  Q.  Mr.  and  Airs.  Dupuis  have  ten  children,  living:  Anne  Marie;  Amelie; 
Pauline  and  Celine;  Pierre  Louis,  a  well  known  young  advocate  of  Montreal 
who   was   married   on    the    15th   of   January,    1913,   to    Miss    Carmcl    Girouard, 


LOraS  N.  DUPUIS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  91 

daughter  of  Joseph  Giroiiard,  ex-member  of  parliament  of  St.  Benoit,  Two 
Mountains;  Rosaire,  one  of  the  rising  young  notaries  of  Montreal,  and  of  whom 
further  mention  is  made  elsewhere  in  this  work ;  Francois ;  Camille ;  Roger ; 
and  Jean. 

Mr.  Dupuis  holds  to  the  political  faith  of  the  conservative  party  and  to 
the  religious  faith  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He  is  a  Knight  of  Columbus 
of  Conseil  Lafontaine  and  belongs  to  the  Chapleau  Fish  and  Game  Club  and 
the  Canadian  Club.  Thoroughly  progressive  in  his  ideas,  he  has  kept  well 
informed  both  by  reading  and  travel.  As  long  ago  as  1874,  Air.  Dupuis  visited 
Fort  Garry,  now  the  city  of  Winnipeg,  when  the  journey  required  fourteen 
days  from  Montreal,  and  too,  when  the  Red  River  country  was  considered  the 
"Far  West."  He  has  since  then  visited  the  Pacific  coast  no  less  than  five  times, 
as  well  as  various  sections  of  the  United  States.  He  is  equally  familiar  with 
England,  Ireland,  Scotland  and  Wales,  as  well  as  continental  Europe,  as  it  was 
formerly  his  custom  to  make  semi-annual  trips  to  Europe  in  connection  with 
his  business  affairs.  He  enjoys  the  outdoor  life,  especially  the  sports  of  the 
forest.  His  public  service  has  been  well  performed.  At  the  end  of  1909  he 
was  selected  by  the  citizens  committee  to  form  part  of  the  new  administration 
of  the  city  as  commissioner  and  was  elected  by  the  city  at  large  in  the  election 
held  on  the  2d  of  February,  1910. 


ROUER  JOSEPH  ROY,  K.  C. 

Rouer  Joseph  Roy,  jurist,  linguist  and  an  interested  student  of  literary, 
scientific  and  antiquarian  subjects,  was  born  in  MiMitreal.  January  7,  1821,  his 
parents  being  the  late  Joseph  Roy,  M.  P.  P.,  and  Amelia  (Lusignan)  Roy.  The 
former,  of  French  descent,  rose  to  a  position  of  prominence,  representing  his 
riding  in  the  provincial  legislature.  His  wife  was  connected  with  the  distin- 
guished family  of  Rouer  de  Villeray. 

Rouer  Joseph  Roy  attended  Montreal  College,  from  whch  he  was  graduated 
with  honors  in  the  presence  of  Lord  Durham.  Having  determined  upon  the 
practice  of  law  as  his  life  profession,  he  entered  the  law  office  of  the  Hon.  Mr. 
Sullivan  in  1838  and  after  four  years  of  thorough  and  comprehensive  study  was 
called  to  the  bar,  in  1842.  Almost  from  the  beginning  his  career  was  a  successful 
one  and  after  several  years  devoted  to  active  law  practice  he  was  appoiiUed  joint 
•city  attorney  for  Montreal  in  1862,  filling  that  position  continuously  until  1876, 
when  he  became  the  sole  legal  advisor  of  the  city,  remaining  in  that  office  until 
he  resigned  in  1898.  He  afterward  filled  the  position  of  consulting  city  attorney. 
In  1864  he  was  elected  syndic  of  the  Quebec  bar  and  so  continued  for  four  vears. 
In  the  same  year  he  was  made  c|ueen's  counsel  as  well  as  being  elected  president 
of  the  connnittee  in  charge  of  the  bar  library,  which  office  he  continuously  and 
honoral)ly  filled  for  thirty  years.  In  1S87  he  was  unanimously  chosen  batonnier 
of  the  Montreal  bar  and  the  following  year  was  chosen  batonnier  general  of  the 
province.  He  held  high  professional  rank  and  on  several  occasions  appeared 
before  the  judicial  committee  of  the  privy  council  'n  England. 


92  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

In  January,  1857,  Mr.  Roy  was  married  to  Miss  Corinne  Beaudry,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  Hon.  J.  L.  Beaudry,  M.  L.  C,  who  in  1857  was  mayor  of  Montreal. 
Mr.  Roy  not  only  enjoyed  a  high  reputation  as  a  lawyer  but  also  as  a  scholar, 
being  widely  known  as  a  linguist,  speaking  fluently  Greek,  Latin,  Italian  and 
French  as  well  as  English.  For  many  years  he  occupied  the  presidency  of  the 
Numismatic  and  Antiquarian  Society.  He  was  one  of  the  last  survivors  of  the 
Sons  of  Liberty,  an  organization  which  played  a  most  important  part  at  the  time 
of  the  rebellion  of  1837.  His  religious  faith  was  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic 
church  and  he  filled  the  office  of  church  warden  of  the  parish  of  Notre  Dame. 
His  life  was  characterized  by  a  nobility  that  lifted  him  above  those  traits  which 
mar  character  and  when  death  called  him  on  the  27th  of  July,  1905,  only  words 
of  commendation  and  respect  were  spoken  concerning  his  life  work.  '  He  had 
done  things  worthy  to  be  written  and  had  written  things  worthy  to  be  read,  and 
he  left  to  posterity  an  unblemished  name,  linked  with  many  deeds  that  won  him 
prominence  and  honor. 


CHARLES  MACKAY  COTTON. 

A  man  of  force,  experience  and  capacity,  Charles  Mackay  X^otton  has  made 
for  himself  an  enviable  position  at  the  bar  of  Quebec  and  is  numbered  among 
the  most  able  and  successful  advocates  of  Montreal,  where  he  is  in  active  practice 
as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Cotton  &  Westover.  He  was  born  in  Durham  town- 
ship, IMissisquoi  county,  Quebec,  February  22,  1S78,  and  is  a  representative  of 
a  well  known  Canadian  family  of  English  extraction,  being  a  son  of  Sheriff 
Cotton,  a  grandson  of  Dr.  Cotton  and  a  great-grandson  of  Rev.  Charles  Caleb 
Cotton,  B.  A.  (Oxford),  who  came  from  England  in  1799  and  was  one  of  the 
pioneer  Anglican  clergymen  in  the  eastern  townships. 

Charles  Mackay  Cotton  acquired  his  preliminary  education  at  Cowansville 
Academy,  Feller  Institute,  Grande  Eigne,  Quebec,  and  afterward  entered  McGill 
University,  Montreal,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  B.  A. 
in  1899,  winning  the  high  honor  of  the  gold  medal  for  general  proficiency.  From 
the  same  institution  he  was  afterwards  graduated  B.  C.  L.  in  1902,  taking  at 
this  time  the  Macdonald  scholarship.  In  his  student  days  he  gave  every  evidence 
of  the  ability  and  power  upon  which  his  present  success  is  founded  for  besides 
the  honors  above  mentioned  he  was  class  orator  in  science,  arts  and  law.  His 
recorfl  in  McGill  University  is  very  creditable  and  one  of  which  he  has  every 
reason  to  be  i)roud,  and  its  promise  has  been  fully  justified  by  his  later  accom- 
plishments in  the  professional  field.  Mr.  Cotton  was  called  to  the  bar  as  advocate 
in  1902  and  immediately  afterwards  went  abroad  in  order  to  get  the  advantages 
of  foreign  travel  and  to  supplement  his  excellent  legal  training  by  further  study. 
He  attended  lectures  at  the  law  schooPof  the  University  of  Montpelier  in  1903, 
thus  completing  an  exhaustive  and  comprehensive  legal  education. 

Mr.  Cotton  opened  his  first  office  in  Sweetsburg,  this  province,  practising 
in  partnershij)  with  J.  C.  McCorkill,  and  proving  able,  farsighted  and  discrimi- 
nating in  the  discharge  of  his  professional  duties.  From  Sweetsburg  he  came 
to  Montreal,  and  he  is  today  one  (if  the  representative  citizens  of  this  community. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  93 

prominent  in  his  profession  and  a  leading  factor  in  the  promotion  of  those  jiro- 
jects  and  measures  which  have  for  their  object  municipal  growth,  advancement 
and  ])rggress.  The  firm  of  Cotton  &  Westover  is  one  of  the  strongest  of  its 
kind  in  the  city  and  connected  through  a  wide  and  representative  patronage  with 
a  great  deal  of  important  litigation.  Mr.  Cotton  is  recognized  as  an  able  advo- 
cate, possessed  of  a  comprehensive  knowledge  of  the  law  and  a  practical  aiiility 
in  its  a]iplication,  and  his  developed  powers  and  wide  experience  are  bringing 
him  constantly  increasing  prominence  in  his  chosen  field. 

Mr.  Cotton  is  a  member  of  the  Anglican  church  and  was  formerly  a  captain 
in  the  Fifteenth  ShetTord  Field  Uattery.  A  strong  liberal,  he  takes  an  intelligent 
interest  in  public  affairs,  opposing  ])olitical  corruption  wherever  he  finds  it  and 
supporting  by  word  and  action  pure  and  clean  politics.  Viewed  from  any  .stand- 
point his  has  been  a  useful  and  successful  career,  and  the  future  undoubtedly 
holds  for  him  further  honors  and  continued  prosperity. 


WILLIAM  ALEXANDER  HASTINGS. 

William  Alexander  Hastings,  for  many  years  vice  president  and  general 
manager  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling  Company,  Ltd.,  and  one  of  the  best 
known  men  in  his  line  of  business  in  Canada,  was  born  at  Petite  Cote,  March 
6,  1852,  a  son  of  George  and  Margaret  (Ogilvie)  Hastings.  George  Hastings 
came  from  Boston,  Massachusetts,  and  located  at  Petite  Cote  where  he  was 
engaged  in  farming. 

William  A.  Hastings  pursued  his  education  in  the  schools  of  his  native  city 
and  began  his  business  career  as  a  clerk  in  the  Exchange  Bank.  His  progress 
was  rapid  and  he  was  promoted  to  manager  of  the  Bedford  (Quebec)  branch, 
and  later  manager  of  the  Exeter  branch.  Subsequently  he  was  appointed  treas- 
urer of  the  St.  Joseph  (Missouri)  Gas  Company,  serving  until  1882  when  he 
became  identified  with  the  milling  business  in  which  he  achieved  such  notable 
success.  In  that  year,  with  his  brother,  George  V.  Hastings,  he  became  asso- 
ciated with  the  Ogilvie  Company  at  Winnipeg,  building  and  opening  the  flour 
mills  there  with  great  success.  In  1888  he  severed  his  connection  with  the  above 
firm  and  became  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods. 
Milling  Company,  filling  this  prominent  and  important  position  until  his  death,, 
which  occurred  on  May  23,  1903. 

Mr.  Hastings  had  thoroughly  acquainted  himself  with  the  business  in  its. 
different  phases  so  that  he  was  well  qualified  to  assume  the  control  of  one  of 
the  largest  businesses  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion,  and  to  his  rare  judgment  and 
marked  executive  ability  is  credited,  to  no  small  extent,  the  high  degree  of  pros- 
perity enjoyed  by  the  company  whose  aflfairs  he  so  ably  directed. 

Robert  Meighen,  president  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling  Company, 
said  that  he  had  been  associated  with  Mr.  Hastings  for  thirteen  years  and  that 
any  business  which  passed  through  his  hands  passed  through  the  hands  of  God's 
noblest  work — an  honest  man.  Others  bore  equally  strong  testimony  as  to  his. 
enterprise  ami  his  thorough  reliability.     He  never  weighed  an  act  in  the  scale 


94  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

cf  public  policy  but  always  measured  his  deeds  by  the  standard  of  upright 
principle. 

In  1884  Mr.  Hastings  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Georgina  Roy  Ure, 
daughter  of  the  late  George  P.  Ure,  and  they  became  the  parents  of  the  following 
children:  Margaret  Ogilvie,  who  died  in  infancy;  William  Roy,  of  Montreal; 
and  John  Ogilvie,  of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Hastings  was  lacking  in  none  of  the  qualities  which  make  for  upright 
manhood  and  progressive  citizenship,  and  his  cooperation  with  any  movement 
or  plan  largely  insured  the  successful  outcome  of  the  same.  In  1890  he  became 
a  member  of  the  Corn  Exchange  and  in  1893  was  elected  a  member  of  the  com- 
mittee of  management,  in  which  office  he  continued  until  1898,  serving  for  the 
last  three  years  of  that  period  as  treasurer.  Throughout  his  entire  life  Canada 
numbered  him  among  her  best  citizens  and  the  record  which  he  made  reflected 
credit  upon  the  Dominion,  constituting  a  factor  in  its  material  development. 


ROBERT  DENNISON  MARTIN. 

One  of  the  best  known  men  in  the  grain  trade  in  Canada  and  one  whose 
untimely  death  cut  short  a  business  career  that  had  been  highly  successful  and 
was  full  of  greater  possibilities  for  the  future  was  Robert  Dennison  Martin, 
who  was  born  at  Selby,  Ontario,  October  18,  1854,  a  son  of  William  and  Eliza- 
beth (Thompson)  Martin.  The  father  was  a  farmer  and  the  boyhood  of  Robert 
Dennison  Martin  was  spent  in  the  manner  of  a  farmer's  son  of  that  locality 
and  period.  His  education,  acquired  at  the  place  of  his  nativity,  was  somewhat 
limited.  He  remained  in  the  district  in  which  he  was  born  until  after  attaining 
his  majority.  Hearing  of  the  possibilities  of  the  western  country,  he  went  to 
Manitoba  and  near  Deloraine  he  secured  a  homestead  which  he  developed  and 
improved.  As  he  managed  to  gather  together  a  little  capital,  he  turned  his  atten- 
tion to  merchandising,  becoming  a  member  of  the  hardware  firm  of  Faulkner 
&  Martin  at  Deloraine,  an  association  which  continued  for  a  number  of  years 
after  his  removal  to  Montreal.  It  was  at  Deloraine  that  he  first  became  con- 
nected with  the  grain  business  in  which  he  was  destined  to  win  notable  success. 
In  the  buying  of  grain  he  became  associated  with  Alfred  P.  Stuart  under  the 
firm  name  of  The  R.  D.  Martin  Company,  a  partnership  that  continued  until 
the  death  of  Mr.  Martin. 

After  a  few  years  residence  in  Winnipeg  Mr.  Martin  came  to  Montreal  in 
1899,  and  with  the  exception  of  a  year  spent  in  Napanee  and  a  year  in  King- 
ston, Montreal  was  his  place  of  residence  throughout  the  remainder  of  his  life. 
The  business  of  The  R.  D.  Martin  Company  enjoyed  a  steady  and  prosi>crous 
growth  and  to  its  development  Mr.  Martin  devoted  his  entire  attention  and  rare 
ability.  Since  his  demise  the  business  has  been  continued  under  the  name  of 
the  British  Empire  Grain  Company,  Limited.  Mr.  Martin  suft"ered  from  ill 
health  for  several  years  prior  to  his  demise  which  occurred  at  his  beautiful  new 
home  at  No.  i  Murray  avenue,  Westmount,  which  was  completed  only  a  few 
weeks  prior  to  his  demise,  which  occurred  on  the  28th  of  June,  1905. 


I 


ROBERT  D.  MARTIN 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  !}7 

It  was  on  the  i8th  of  May,  1894,  at  Winnipeg,  that  Mr.  Martin  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Helen  Moncrieff  Morton,  who  was  born  in  Perth,  Scotland, 
a  daughter  of  Duncan  and  Jessie  (Watson)  Morton.  The  father  died  when 
Mrs.  Martin  was  but  two  years  of  age  and  her  mother  survived  until  a  few 
years  ago.  Mrs.  Martin  came  to  Canada  in  1892  and  resided  in  Winnipeg 
previous  to  her  marriage,  a  brother  having  preceded  her  to  that  place.  She  is 
one  of  five  children  born  to  her  parents,  four  of  whom  survive,  as  follows : 
Jessie,  the  wife  of  George  Banks  of  Perth,  Scotland ;  Duncan,  residing  in 
Winnipeg;  Helen  M.,  who  is  Mrs.  R.  D.  Martin;  and  Madeline,  the  wife  of 
Andrew  C.  Craig  of  Winnipeg.  To  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Martin  were  born  five  chil- 
dren:  Charles  Stuart,  a  student  in  McG'ill  University;  and  Helen  Elizabeth, 
Edith  Laura,  Jessie  Watson  and  Robert  Henry,  all  at  home. 

Mr.  Martin  was  quiet  and  domestic  in  his  tastes  and  habits.  He  held  mem- 
bership in  only  one  club,  the  Canada  Club,  and  did  not  enter  actively  into  its 
affairs.  He  was  very  fond  of  his  family  and  found  his  chief  delight  in  the 
home  circle,  being  a  loving  and  kind  husband  and  father.  As  a  business  man 
he  was  alert  and  energetic,  ready  for  any  emergency  and  he  seemed  to  pass 
by  no  opportunity  that  pointed  to  honorable  success.  Contemporaries  and  col- 
leagues had  the  highest  respect  for  him  and  more  than  that,  he  gained  the 
warm  friendship  and  esteem  of  a  large  majority  of  his  acquaintances.  Although 
a  later  arrival  in  Montreal  than  many  of  his  business  associates,  he  gained 
prominence  among  them  and  attained  an  enviable  position  in  the  business  world. 
He  was  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  his  opinions  carried  weight  among 
its  representatives  and  in  other  connections  which  had  to  do  with  the  city's  wel- 
fare. He  was  truly  Canadian  in  spirit  and  interests  and  his  devotion  to  the 
public  good  was  one  of  his  notable  traits  of  character. 


J.  LOUIS  A.  GUIMOND. 

J.  Louis  A.  Guimond.  a  notary  pul)lic  practicing  in  Montreal  and  interested  in 
business  enterprises  which  connect  him  with  activity  in  the  real-estate  field,  was 
born  in  the  town  of  Beauharnois,  in  the  province  of  Quebec  on  the  14th  of 
February,  1877.  His  father  was  Cyrille  Guimond,  a  merchant  and  manufac- 
turer, who  married  Justine  Dubreuil  of  Pointe-aux-Trembles.  In  the  pursuit 
of  his  education  he  attended  the  Seminary  of  St.  Hyacinthe  and  was  graduated 
in  letters  with  the  class  of  1896,  while  his  scientific  course  was  pursued  in  College 
St.  Laurent,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1898.  He  has  since  been  an  active 
representative  of  the  notarial  profession  in  which  connection  he  has  secured  a 
large  clientage  that  makes  his  practice  a  profitable  one.  His  life  has  been  one  of 
intense  and  intelligently  directed  activity  and  aside  from  his  professional  duties 
he  is  acting  as  a  director  and  is  a  shareholder  in  a  real-estate  company.  He  is 
likewise  secretary-treasurer  of  two  municipalities  and  thus  takes  a  helpful  interest 
in  public  afi^airs  as  well  as  in  the  conduct  of  private  business  interests. 

On  the  24th  of  May,  1909,  at  Iberville,  P.  Q.,  Mr.  Guimond  was  married  to 
Miss  Marie  Louise  Gayette.  a  daughter  of  Calixte  Gayette.  Their  children  are 
Paul  and  Ives  Guimond.    The  reliErious  faith  of  the  familv  is  that  of  the  Catholic 


98  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

church  and  in  politics  Mr.  Guimond  is  a  liberal-nationalist.  He  is  energetic, 
accomplished  and  successful  and  by  the  consensus  of  public  opinion  he  is  ranked 
with  the  representative  men  of  Montreal.  He  comes  of  an  old  and  respected 
line  of  ancestors  who  settled  in  the  province  of  Quebec  in  the  seventeenth  century. 
Since  that  day  they  have  not  only  been  active  and  progressive  in  business,  but 
loyal  in  citizenship.  Mr.  Guimond's  lines  of  life  have  been  cast  in  harmony  with 
the  record  of  an  honored  ancestry  and  his  forbears  have  been  no  more  loyal  to 
city,  province  and  country  than  he. 


ROBERT  H.  BARRON. 

A  man  who  has  founded  success  in  the  legal  profession  upon  ability,  compre- 
hensive knowledge,  long  experience  and  untiring  industry,  is  Robert  H.  Barron, 
since  1895  in  active  and  successful  practice  as  a  notary  in  Montreal.  He  has  made 
continued  and  rapid  progress  iit  his  chosen  field  of  labor,  each  year  bringing  him 
to  a  point  in  advance  of  the  previous  one,  and  today  the  firm  of  Barron  &  Gushing, 
of  which  he  is  the  senior  member,  is  one  of  the  most  reliable  of  its  kind  in  the 
city. 

Mr.  Barron  was  graduated  B.  A.  from  McGill  University  in  J892  and  acquired 
his  professional  training  in  the  same  institution,  completing  the  law  course  in 
1895.  In  October  of  that  year  he  began  practice  in  Montreal,  being  taken  into 
partnership  by  Mr.  Charles  Gushing  and  Mr.  Robert  A.  Dunton ;  this  association 
continued  until  1900,  and  Mr.  Barron  then  continued  in  partnership  under  the 
firm  name  of  Gushing  &  Barron  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Gushing  in  September, 
19 10.  Mr.  Barron  then  practiced  alone  for  about  one  year,  when  he  associated 
himself  with  Dougall  Gushing,  his  present  partner  and  a  son  of  his  former  part- 
ner. Barron  &  Gushing  control  a  large  and  constantly  growing  business,  and  the 
firm  is  known  to  be  strong  and  reliable.  Mr.  Barron  is  held  in  high  honor  in 
professional  circles  of  Montreal,  and  his  prominence  stands  upon  the  substantial 
foundation  of  ability  and  merit. 


ARTHUR  DELISLE,  0.  G. 

The  legal  fraternity  of  Montreal  finds  an  able  representative  in  Arthur  Delisle, 
who  not  only  has  achieved  favorable  reputation  in  a  private  capacity  but  has 
ably  represented  the  district  of  Portneuf  in  the  provincial  parliament.  Gapable, 
earnest  and  conscientious,  he  has  been  connected  with  important  litigation  before 
the  local  courts  and  his  clientele  is  representative.  He  comes  of  an  old  and  dis- 
tinguished family  whose  ancestors  came  from  France  in  the  year  1669,  on  the 
15th  of  October  of  which  year  arrived  in  Quebec  Louis  de  I'lsle,  of  Dompierre, 
of  the  bishopric  Rouen,  accompanied  by  his  young  wife,  Louise  des  Granges,  of 
St.  Brice  of  Paris,  settlement  being  made  at  Pointe  aux  Trembles,  of  Quebec. 

Arthur  Delisle  was  born  at  Portneuf  and  is  the  son  of  Jean  and  Anathalie 
(Frenette)    Delisle.     In   the   acquirement    of    his   education    he   attended    I. aval 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  99 

Normal  School  Seminary  of  Ouel)ec  and  La\al  University  of  that  city,  taking 
his  degree  of  Master  in  Law  (cum  laudc)  on  the  23d  of  December,  1882.  After 
locating  for  practice  in  Montreal  important  Inisiness  came  to  him  and  as  the 
years  have  passed  he  has  become  known  as  one  of  the  most  able  men  in  his  pro- 
fession in  the  city.  He  has  ever)'  faculty  of  which  a  lawyer  may  be  proud,  unusual 
familiarity  with  human  nature  and  untiring  industry  making  him  one  of  the  most 
forceful  members  of  the  bar.    He  was  appointed  queen's  counsel  in  1898. 

On  April  22,  1890,  at  Quebec,  Mr.  Delisle  was  united  in  marriage  to  Blanche 
Hudon,  a  daughter  of  Theophile  Hudon,  a  prominent  merchant  of  Quebec.  They 
have  two  children,  Marguerite  and  Gaston.  While  attending  the  Laval  Normal 
School  Mr.  Delisle  received  the  usual  course  of  military  training  under  the  sujier- 
vision  of  the  high  officers  at  the  citadel  of  Quebec,  receiving  such  instruction  there 
in  the  years  1876  and  1S77.  This  experience  has  been  of  great  benefit  to  him 
as  it  infused  into  the  young  man  the  lasting  benefits  of  military  exactness  and 
punctuality.  From  1891  until  1896  he  represented  the  district  of  Portneuf  in 
the  house  of  commons,  retiring  in  the  latter  year  in  order  to  give  his  seat  to  Sir 
Henry  Joly  de  Lotbiniere.  Public-spirited  and  progressive,  Mr.  Delisle  takes 
an  active  interest  in  the  progress  his  city  is  making  as  one  of  the  great  metropoli- 
tan centers  of  North  America  and  is  ever  willing  and  ready  to  support  worthy 
enterprises  projected  for  general  improvement  and  growth. 


DAVID  GREENE,  M.  D. 

In  the  death  of  Dr.  David  Greene,  Montreal  was  forced  to  record  the  loss 
of  a  most  capable  member  of  the  medical  profession.  He  added  to  broad  scien- 
tific knowdedge  and  thorough  training  a  deep  human  sympathy  combined  w^ith  an 
almost  intuitive  understanding  of  his  fellowmen.  ^Moreover  he  recognized  to 
the  fullest  extent  the  weight  of  responsibility  and  obligations  resting  upon  him, 
and  his  fidelity  to  duty  became  one  of  his  strongest  characteristics.  A  native 
of  Ballyshannon.  in  the  north  of  Ireland,  he  died  on  the  21st  of  March,  1891, 
at  Montreal.  Quebec.  He  prepared  for  college  at  the  Royal  School  of  Portoria, 
Enniskillen,  and  was  graduated  from  Trinity  College  at  Dublin.  He  became  a 
licentiate  of  the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons  of  Ireland  and  from  1858  until  1864 
practiced  in  the  north  of  Ireland.  It  was  in  his  native  town  of  Ballyshannon 
that  Dr.  Greene  wedded  Miss  Ellen  Green,  who  with  a  son  and  several  daughters 
sunive  him.  But  one  of  the  children  was  born  on  the  Emerald  isle  and  with 
this  daughter  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Greene  came  to  the  new  world  in  1866,  making  their 
way  to  Montreal,  Canada.  For  a  time  Dr.  Greene  was  actively  engaged  in  prac- 
tice in  this  city  and  then  removed  to  Granby,  where  he  practiced  for  many  years, 
but  afterward  returned  to  Montreal.  His  intellectual  powers  were  marked  and  his 
scholastic  and  literary  attainments  were  of  a  high  order.  It  was  a  liberal  education 
in  itself  to  know  him  well  and  profit  by  his  wonderful  store  of  knowdedge,  which 
he  unconsciously  imparted  to  his  close  friends  in  conversation  that  was  brilliant 
and  fascinating.  His  associates  recognized  that  his  comradeship  meant  expansion 
and  elevation.  Being  endowed  with  a  warm  heart  and  splendid  mental  gifts,  he 
left  the  impress  of  his  individuality  upon  those  with  whom  he  was  brought  into 


100  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

close  and  intimate  relations.  While  he  took  high  rank  in  his  profession,  his 
attainments  were  varied  and  brought  him  fame  in  other  connections.  He  was 
a  devout  member  of  the  English  church,  and  his  influence  was  always  on  the  side 
of  right,  progress,  truth  and  reform. 

The  surviving  children  of  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Greene  are:  Alice,  Maud,  Gertrude, 
\"ida,  Geraldine,  and  Whately  Stokes.  The  last  named  pursued  his  education 
in  the  schools  of  Montreal  and  in  March,  1898,  made  his  initial  step  in  connection 
with  the  banking  business  as  an  employe  in  the  old  Ontario  Bank,  with  which 
he  was  connected  for  eight  years.  Through  the  past  seven  years  he  has  been 
with  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada,  and  is  now  manager  of  the  Laurier  Avenue 
branch  at  the  corner  of  Park  avenue  and  Laurier  avenue  West.  Mr.  Greene 
married  Miss  Gertrude  Anne  Sheppard,  only  daughter  of  the  late  Charles  Stanley 
Sheppard,  and  they  have  one  daughter,  Lorna  Gertrude.  Mr.  Greene  has  made 
for  himself  a  creditable  place  in  financial  circles  as  did  his  father  in  the  field  of 
professional  service,  and  the  name  has  long  been  an  honored  one  in  Montreal. 


GEORGES  GOXTHIER. 

In  financial  circles  in  Alontreal  we  have  to  mention  Mr.  Georges  Gonthier 
as  one  of  the  most  familiar  figures.  A  member  of  the  well  known  firm  of  St. 
Cyr,  Gonthier  &  Frigon  and  a  public  accountant  of  some  standing  and  repute, 
he  has  nevertheless  found  time  to  promote  many  measures  of  great  commercial 
and  public  utility,  and  to  prepare  the  way  for  the  foundation  of  one  of  our 
most  important  institutions    (L'Ecole  des  Hautes  Etudes   Commerciales). 

Mr.  Gonthier  was  bom  in  Montreal  in  November,  1869.  After  a  period  of 
arduous  study  and  preparation  he  entered  upon  his  business  activities  in  1890. 
and  since  that  time  has  advanced  steadily  in  his  profession  winning  the  good- 
will and  esteem  of  everyone,  so  that  we  now  see  him  occupying  such  positions 
of  trust  and  public  confidence  as  that  of  treasurer  and  director  of  the  Chamber 
of  Commerce  and  president  of  the  Institute  of  Accountants  and  Auditors  of 
the  Province  of  Quebec.  In  fact,  it  was  Mr.  Gonthier  himself  who  was  chiefly 
instrumental  in  bringing  about  the  establishment  of  the  last  mentioned  institute, 
and  he  played  no  small  part  in  its  subsequent  organization,  for  which  his  wide 
business  experience  and  knowledge  coupled  with  what  we  might  term  an  unri- 
valled commercial  sagacity,  especially  fitted  him. 

He  was  moreover  one  of  the  founders  with  the  late  Mr.  Poindron  of  the 
Canado-French  Trade'  Development  Committee,  since  merged  into  the  Coniitc 
France-.\mcrique  under  the  presidency  in  Canada  of  the  Hon.  Raoul  Dandurand. 

Nor  are  Mr.  Gonthicr's  activities  limited  to  the  field  of  practical  achieve- 
ment. He  has  entered  the  lists  as  a  public  lecturer  on  financial  and  accounting 
subjects  where  he  has  won  for  himself  considerable  renown.  In  i)articular  his 
essay  on  "Bonds  as  an  Investment''  has  been  highly  praised  and  was  even  pub- 
lished in  the  financial  journals  at  Paris.  It  is  not  surprising  therefore  tlvit  he 
has  considerable  influence  in  Belgium  and  in  France. 


GKORGES  GONTHIER 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  '  103 

It  would  be  superfluous  to  add  anything-  further  to  demonstrate  the  sterling 
qualities  and  well  deserved  reputation  of  Mr.  Gonthier.  It  may,  however,  be 
interesting  to  accountants  and  auditors  in  general  to  know  that  it  was  mainly 
through  his  efforts  that  the  law  was  passed  to  render  compulsory  the  keeping 
of  proper  accounts  to  all  who  engage  in  business. 


HUNTLY  WARD  DAMS. 

Huntly  Ward  Davis,  member  of  the  firm  of  Hogle  &  Davis,  architects,  was 
born  in  Montreal,  October  22,  1875,  a  son  of  M.  and  Lucy  (Ward)  Davis,  the 
latter  a  daughter  of  Hon.  J.  K.  Ward,  M.  L.  C.  Huntly  Ward  Davis  attended 
Eliock  school  at  Montreal  and  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology,  from 
which  he  was  graduated  as  Bachelor  of  Science  in  June,  1898.  He  prepared 
for  and  has  always  followed  the  profession  of  architect,  working  in  early  man- 
hood under  A.  T.  Taylor,  who  became  senior  partner  of  the  firm  of  Taylor, 
Hogle  &  Davis,  but  has  since  withdrawn,  leaving  the  firm  Hogle  &  Davis.  l\Ir. 
Davis  is  a  conservative,  and  his  membership  relations  are  with  St.  James  Club 
and  with  the  Church  of  St.  James  the  Apostle.  On  the  26th  of  October,  1910, 
in  Montreal,  he  was  married  to  Evelyn  St.  Claire  Stanley  Bagg.  daughter  of 
the  late  Robert  -Stanley  and  Clara  (Smithers)  Bagg.  and  they  have  a  daughter, 
Evelyn  Clare  Ward  Davis. 


FRANCOIS  XAYIER  ROY. 

This  is  an  age  of  specialization.  It  is  the  unusual  rather  than  the  usual 
thing  for  any  man  to  attempt  to  gain  proficiency  in  the  various  departments  of 
the  law ;  on  the  contrary  he  usually  concentrates  his  efforts  upon  a  single  branch 
of  jurisprudence,  with  the  result  that  he  reaches  a  position  which  otherwise  he 
could  not  hope  to  gain.  Following  this  general  course,  Francois  X.  Roy  has 
devoted  his  attention  to  commercial  law,  in  which  connection  he  has  a  large  and 
distinctively  representative  clientage.  He  has  been  a  lifelong  resident  of  the 
province  of  Quebec,  his  birth  having  occurred  on  the  13th  of  August,  1863. 
His  educational  training  was  received  at  the  College  of  Nicolet  and  in  Laval 
University.  He  also  spent  a  year  in  special  study  at  Sherbrooke  in  1886,  was 
for  a  year  under  the  direction  of  the  law  faculty  at  Bishop's  College,  and  then 
passed  the  usual  examinations  that  secured  his  admission  to  the  bar. 

Choosing  Montreal  as  the  seat  of  his  labors,  Mr.  Roy  here  began  practice 
in  association  with  the  late  Hon.  C.  A.  Geoffrion,  and  later  w^as  with  D.  R. 
Murphy,  K.  C.  He  had  become  so  well  established  in  practice  as  a  successful 
commercial  lawyer  that  in  igog  he  was  created  king's  counsel.  He  has  become 
a  recognized  authority  in  the  department  of  law  in  which  he  has  chosen  to 
specialize,  and  as  such  is  called  to  all  parts  of  the  province,  his  opinions  being 
largely  received  as  authority  upon  points  of  commercial  law.  He  is  now  attor- 
ney for  the  Williams  Manufacturing  Company,  Henon-LeBlanc,  Ltd.,  and  sev- 


104  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

eral  other  commercial  firms  of  [Montreal.  He  readily  grasps  the  relation  of 
cause  and  effect,  and  in  the  preparation  of  his  cases  his  analytical  power  is 
strongly  manifest.  In  presenting  a  cause  before  the  courts  he  is  logical,  and  his 
deductions  follow  in  orderly  sequence. 

Mr.  Roy  is  a  liberal  in  politics  and  in  all  his  political  interests  is  actuated 
by  a  spirit  of  progressiveness  as  affecting  both  provincial  and  Dominion  affairs. 
He  has  ever  stood  for  improvement,  reform  and  advancement,  and  for  many 
years  has  held  the  office  of  treasurer  of  the  Reform  Club.  Aside  from  this  he 
is  a  member  of  Le  Club  Canadien,  L'Alliance  Nationale,  L'AUiance  Francaise, 
La  Societe  St.  Jean  Baptiste  and  other  societies.  He  stands  as  a  high  type  of 
the  French  element  in  the  citizenship  of  Montreal,  combining  with  the  admir- 
able and  strongly  marked  characteristics  of  a  French  ancestry  the  progressive 
spirit  of  the  modern  age,  a  spirit  which  falters  not  in  the  accomplishment  of  a 
task  until  success  is  achieved. 


NAPOLEON  URGEL  LACASSE. 

Napoleon  Urgel  Lacasse,  attorney  at  law  practicing  in  Montreal  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  well  known  firm  of  Bastien,  Bergeron,  Cousineau,  Lacasse  &  Jasmin, 
was  born  at  St.  Vincent  de  Paul,  in  the  county  of  Laval,  P.  Q.,  July  ii,  1877. 
In  the  early  records  of  the  French  families  it  is  found  that  there  are  several 
variations  to  the  family  name  which  appears  also  as  Casse,  Casse  and  Du 
Tertre.  Angelique  Lacasse  was  born  in  171 5  and  died  at  Beaumont,  August  22, 
1738.  Antoine  Lacasse,  who  was  born  in  1706,  married  Marguerite  Sionnaux 
and  died  November  27,  1778.  The  parents  of  Napoleon  Urgel  Lacasse  were 
Zephirin  and  Rose  Delima  (Fortier)  Lacasse.  Under  the  parental  roof  he 
spent  his  boyhood  days  while  studying  in  St.  Mary's  College  and  Laval  Uni- 
versity of  Montreal,  wanning  his  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  on  the  13th  of  June, 
1898,  and  that  of  Bachelor  of  Laws  on  the  21st  of  June,  1901.  P'ollowing  his 
graduation  he  entered  immediately  upon  the  active  practice  of  his  profession 
and  was  alone  therein  until  the  ist  of  July,  1912,  when  he  entered  into  his 
present  partnership  relations.  He  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  strong  and  able 
members  of  the  bar  among  the  younger  practitioners,  and  his  experience  and 
study  are  continually  promoting  his  knowledge  and  ability.  Aside  from  his 
profession  he  is  financially  interested  in  several  joint  stock  companies  and  has 
extensive  real-estate  investments. 

Mr.  Lacasse  has  been  married  twice,  on  the  28th  of  September,  1903,  to 
Eugenie  Barbeau  and  on  the  31st  of  March,  1913,  to  Miss  Yvonne  Barbeau, 
daughter  of  the  late  Godfrey  Barbeau,  a  merchant  of  Ste.  Genevieve  count}-. 
P.  Q.  The  four  children  of  Mr.  Lacasse  are:  Jean  Frani;ois  Bernard,  Jacques 
\'incent  I'errier,  Josephine  Helonc  Marcellc  and  Suzanne  Andrcc  \"ictoire.  The 
religious  faith  of  the  family  is  that  of  the  Cathcilio  church,  'i'he  mihlary  experi- 
ence of  Mr.  Lacasse  covers  more  tiian  three  years'  service  as  commanding  officer 
of  St.  Mary's  College  Cadets  from  i8(/>  until  1898  inclusively.  He  was  one  of 
the  winners  in  the  cadets  contest  in  1893  for  the  Duke  of  Connauglit  prize, 
also  in  1894  and  1895. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  105 

In  politics  he  is  a  conservative  and  has  made  puhhc  battles  for  his  prin- 
ciples in  elections  in  the  counties  of  Terrebonne,  Jacques  Cartier,  Laval  and 
Yamaska.  However,  the  practice  of  law  he  considers  his  real  life  work,  regard- 
ing it  as  abundantly  worthy  of  his  best  efforts,  and  in  his  chosen  profession  he 
has  made  continuous  and  gratifying  progress. 


FRANK  BULLER,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

Dr.  Frank  Duller  was  one  of  the  most  celebrated  opthalmologists  of  the  new 
world,  occupying,  as  practitioner  and  educator,  a  position  in  which  he  had  few 
peers.  His  scientific  research  and  his  broad  reading  gave  him  a  knowledge  far 
superior  to  that  of  many  able  members  of  the  profession,  and  in  the  wise  utiliza- 
tion of  his  time  and  talents  he  made  valuable  contributions  to  the  world's  work. 

Dr.  Duller  was  born  at  Campbellford,  Ontario,  May  4,  1844,  a  son  of  Charles 
G.  and  Frances  Elizabeth  (Doucher)  Duller,  of  Hillside,  Campbellford.  After 
attending  the  high  school  at  Peterboro,  from  which  he  graduated  in  due  time, 
he  took  up  the  study  of  medicine  in  \'ictoria  College  at  Cobourg,  completing  his 
course  with  the  class  of  1869.  He  then  went  to  Germany,  where  he  spent 
two  years  in  the  study  of  the  eye,  ear,  nose  and  throat,  acquainting  himself  with 
the  advanced  methods  of  eminent  men  in  the  profession.  \Vhile  at  the  University 
of  Berlin  he  received  close  personal  instruction  from  \'on  Helmholtz  and  \'on 
Graefe,  and,  during  the  Franco-German  war,  served  as  assistant  surgeon  in  a 
number  of  military  hospitals  of  northern  Germany.  In  1872  Dr.  Duller  went 
to  London  and  studied  for  some  years  in  "Moorfields" — the  Royal  London 
Ophthalmic  Hospital.  He  was  for  two  years  chief  house  surgeon  of  this  hos- 
pital, and  he  introduced  to  London  the  '"direct"'  method  of  opthalmoscopy.  In 
England  he  became  a  member  of  the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons.  Dr.  Duller 
began  practice  in  Montreal  in  1876  and  rapidly  advanced  to  a  foremost  position 
in  his  profession.  For  seventeen  years  he  was  the  opthalmic  and  aural  surgeon 
in  the  Montreal  General  Hospital  and  resigned  to  take  the  same  position  in  the 
Royal  \'ictoria  Hospital.  He  was  the  first  opthalmologist  to  be  appointed  to  the 
General  Hospital — and  so  remarkably  recent  is  the  development  of  opthalmology 
in  the  new  world  that,  prior  to  that  time,  every  physician  and  surgeon  treated  his 
eye  cases  in  his  own  clinic.  For  many  years  Dr.  Duller  was  professor  of  ophthal- 
mology and  otology  in  McGill  University,  being  appointed  professor  when  the 
chair  was  foujided  in  1883.  He  was  equally  able  in  his  large  private  practice 
and  enjoyed  an  ever  widening  reputation.  Dr.  Duller  received  the  English  degree 
of  M.  R.  C.  S. 

Dr.  Duller  was  a  powerfully  built  man.  restless  and  very  energetic.  His 
students  used  to  say  of  him,  '"Duller  is  a  great  teacher,  but  he  wears  us  out." 
He  was  forever  engaged  in  arduous  mental  work  but  also  took  keen  interest  in 
matters  outside  of  his  profession.  He  was  frank,  straightforward  and  kind — 
a  strong  generous  nature. 

Dr.  Duller  married  Elizabeth  Belton  Langlois,  of  Quebec,  who  died  Novem- 
ber 20.  1895.     By  this  marriage  there  were  two  children,  Marguerite  and  Cecil. 


106  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

In  1898  he  married  Miss  Jean  Brien,  of  New  York,  and  they  had  three  children, 
Francis,  Audrey  and  James,  the  latter  dying  in  1909. 

Dr.  Buller  was  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England.  He  died  October  11, 
1905.  He  was  followed  to  the  grave  by  the  entire  medical  profession  of  Montreal 
and  numerous  physicians  from  a  distance.  Also  many  of  the  city's  poor  were 
present  at  the  obsequies — a  fact  which,  had  he  been  able  to  know  it,  would  have 
touched  that  great  heart  which  had  so  keenly  felt  their  sorrows. 

A  colleague  of  Dr.  Buller  writes  as  follows:  "In  very  delicate  cases,  where 
he  feared  to  trust  patients  in  the  hands  of  untrained  attendants,  and  they  were 
too  poor  to  hire  professional  nurses,  he  has  been  known  to  stay  with  the  patients 
all  night,  after  an  operation,  and  attend  to  the  dressing  himself,  lest  the  eye,  so 
tender  and  in  such  a  precarious  condition,  might  suffer  needless  pain  or  be  injured 
through  a  slight  mistake." 

"Dr.  Buller  will  be  especially  remembered  because  of  three  inventions:  (i) 
the  Buller  eye-shield  (composed  of  a  watch-crystal  and  strips  of  sticking-plaster 
and  oftenest  employed  to  protect  an  unaffected  eye  when  its  fellow  is  afflicted 
with  gonorrheal  infection).  (2)  Temporary  tying  of  the  cacalieuli  for  the  pre- 
vention of  wound  infection  in  operations  on  the  eye-ball.  (3)  The  Buller  trial 
frame.  Yet  his  inventions  and  investigations  were  very  numerous  and,  for  the 
most  part,  successful  in  every  way.  Thus,  concerning  his  investigation  into 
"Methyl  Alcohol  Blindness,"  conducted  jointly  with  Dr.  Cas^y  A.  Wood,  De 
Schweintz  declares  the  work  to  be  'by  far  the  most  important  contribution  to  the 
subject  and  one  to  which  too  high  praise  cannot  be  given.'  "  Scientists,  members 
of  the  profession  and  all  mankind  delighted  to  honor  him  because  of  what  he 
had  accomplished.  High  above  any  desire  for  pecuniary  reward  was  his  deep 
interest  in  humanity  and  an  earnest  purpose  to  make  his  life  a  serviceable  one 
to  his  fellowmen. 


WILLIAM  WATSON  OGILVIE. 

Foremost  among  those  men  whose  life's  record  seems  an  inseparable  part 
of  Canada's  industrial  and  commercial  growth  during  the  period  of  their 
activities,  is  that  of  William  Watson  Ogilvie,  whose  identification  with  the 
milling  business  covered  a  period  of  nearly  a  half  century.  The  position  of 
Mr.  Ogilvie  in  this  important  industry  was  unquestionably  at  the  head.  He  did 
more  to  develop  it  than  any  other  man  before  or  since  his  time,  and  the  great 
success  he  achieved  was  fully  merited. 

William  W.  Ogilvie  was  born  at  Cote  St.  Michel,  Montreal,  February  14, 
1835,  of  Scotch  ancestry,  and  belonged  to  the  Banffshire  family  of  that  name. 
He  received  his  education  in  Montreal  schools,  and  in  entering  on  a  business 
career  chose  that  which  was  his  by  inheritance,  the  milling  business. 

His  grandfather,  Alexander,  erected  in  1801,  a  mill  at  Jacques  Cartier,  near 
Quebec,  where  was  ground  the  first  flour  under  British  rule  that  was  ever 
exported  to  Europe.  This  old  mill  was  really  the  foundation  of  the  immense 
business  that  was  built  up  by  W.  \V.  Ogilvie.  In  i860  he  entered  into  partner- 
ship with   his   brothers,   .Mexandcr   ;infl   John,   grain   merchants   and   proprietors 


WILLIAM   W.   0(aL\lE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  109 

of  a  mill  at  Lachine  Rapids.  The  growth  of  the  business  was  soon  responsible 
for  the  building  of  the  Cjlenora  i'^lour  Mills  on  the  Lachine  canal.  The  busi- 
ness continued  to  grow,  and  the  Ugilvies  erected  mills  at  Goderich  and  Sea- 
forth,  Ontario  and  Winnipeg,  Manitoba;  and  later,  the  Royal  Mills  at  Montreal. 
The  three  brothers  operated  together  until  1874,  when  the  elder  brother  retired, 
and  on  the  death  of  his  brother,  John,  in  1888  the  entire  business  management 
devolved  upon  William  W.  Ogilvie,  whose  well  developed  powers  were  entirely 
adequate  to  the  demands  made  ui)on  him  in  the  further  control  and  manage- 
ment of  this  extensive  enterprise,  of  which  he  became  the  head.  Li  addition 
to  the  properties  mentioned,  Mr.  W.  W.  Ogilvie  afterward  purchased  the 
City  Mills,  Montreal,  and  at  the  time  of  his  death  had  accepted  plans  for  a  very 
large  mill  at  P'ort  William.  Some  years  previous  to  his  demise  to  facilitate 
the  administration  of  his  western  business,  the  Ogilvie  Milling  Company  of 
Winnipeg  was  formed  in  which  Mr.  Ogilvie  was  the  dominant  factor.  The 
Ogilvie  Flour  Mills  Company,  of  the  present,  was  organized  in  1903  and  is 
practically  the  successor  of  the  Ogilvie  Milling  Company  and  various  other 
interests  in  this  line,  belonging  to  Mr.  Ogilvie's  estate. 

Mr.  Ogilvie  and  his  brother  John  were  the  pioneer  wheat  buyers  in  ^Lani- 
toba.  He  had  traveled  through  Canada's  present  wheat  fields  years  before 
they  were  cultivated  and  many  times  afterwards.  From  the  first  small  ship- 
ment of  five  hundred  bushels  from  ^^lanitoba  in  1876,  the  shipments,  in  Mr.  Ogil- 
vie's lifetime,  to  his  own  mills  increased  until  they  reached  the  enormous  total 
of  eight  million  bushels  of  No.  i  hard  wheat,  all  purchased  by  his  own  expert 
buyers  from  the  farmers,  at  his  seventy  elevators,  extending  all  over  the  wheat 
section  of  Ontario  and  the  northwest. 

In  the  maiuifacture  of  flour  Mr.  Ogilvie  spent  a  lifetime  and  spared  neither 
time,  labor  or  expense  in  bringing  his  product  to  the  very  acme  of  perfection. 
By  steady  industry  and  indomitable  energy  and  most  of  all  the  superior  quality 
of  his  products,  upheld  at  all  cost,  the  business  grew  until  it  not  only  became  the 
largest  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion,  but  the  most  extensive  flour  business  in 
the  world  controlled  by  one  man. 

Mr.  Ogilvie  was  the  first  to  introduce  into  Canada  the  patent  process  of 
grinding  by  rollers.  In  1868,  he  visited  Hungary  where  this  system  originated, 
for  the  purpose  of  investigating  it.  He  saw  at  once  its  value  and  adopted  it. 
He  invented  improved  machinery  used  in  the  milling  business,  and  was  always 
ready  to  adopt  the  improvements  of  others  that  were  practical. 

It  was  said  that  he  had  better  knowledge  of  wheat  and  wheat  lands  than 
any  man  in  Canada.  His  business  furnished  a  market  for  wheat  growers 
and  proved  a  stimulating  influence  in  the  agricultural  development  of  the  great 
wheat-raising  section  of  middle  and  western  Canada.  His  labors  were  directly 
responsible  for  much  of  the  growth,  progress  and  prosperity  of  Manitoba  and  the 
provinces  farther  west,  and  his  worth  as  a  business  man  and  citizen  was  acknowl- 
edged by  all. 

Mr.  Ogilvie's  identification  with  commercial  interests  was  large  and  diver- 
sified. He  was  a  director  of  the  Bank  of  .IVIontreal ;  the  Montreal  Transporta- 
tion Company;  the  North  British  and  Mercantile  Insurance  Company;  the  Old 
Dominion  Board  of  Trade;  and  the  Sailors  Institute.  He  was  president  of  the 
Corn  Exchange  Association ;  St.  Andrew's  Society ;  and  the  Montreal  Horticul- 


110  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

tural  Society;  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  and  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospi- 
tals; president  of  the  Manufacturers'  Association,  and  served  as  a  member  of 
the  Harbor  Board. 

In  regard  to  agricultural  and  horticultural  interests  he  manifested  an  interest 
and  enthusiasm  that  were  contagious,  his  efiforts  constituting  an  example  that 
many  others  followed.  He  served  both  on  the  council  and  board  of  arbitration 
of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  and  was  president  of  that  body  in  1893-4.  In 
matters  of  citizenship  he  was  extremely  public-spirited  and  what  he  accom- 
plished represented  the  fit  utilization  of  his  innate  talents  and  powers.  His 
political  belief  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  in  1896  he  was  president  of  the 
Liberal  Conservative  Club  of  Montreal.  He  was  a  forceful  speaker  in  both 
French  and  English  and  frequently,  in  his  earlier  days,  addressed  public  meet- 
ings  during  political   campaigns. 

As  a  young  man  he  served  as  lieutenant  and  subsequently  as  a  captain  in 
the  Montreal  Cavalry  under  his  brother,  being  thanked  in  brigade  orders  by 
Colonel  Pakenham  in   1866. 

He  was  one  of  the  prominent  members  of  St.  Andrew's  church.  Mr.  Ogilvie 
always  gave  with  a  free  hand  toward  various  public  institutions,  and  there  was 
no  movement  of  importance  to  which  he  did  not  contribute.  His  benefactions 
were  liberal,  varied  and  by  no  means  local.  He  gave  thirteen  thousand  dollars, 
towards  making  up  a  deficit  for  completion  of  the  Jubilee  wing  of  the  Win- 
nipeg General  Hospital.  He  was  one  of  the  first  to  subscribe'  to  the  patriotic 
fund  for  the  families  of  those  who  went  with  the  Canadian  contingent  to  the 
Transvaal  war.  Mr.  Ogilvie  was  a  man  of  great  business  capacity  and  to  a 
most  remarkable  extent  maintained  a  personal  knowledge  of  his  diversified 
interests. 

His  death  on  January  12,  1900,  was  very  sudden.  He  had  been  at  his  office 
attending  to  business  as  usual,  after  which  he  attended  a  directors'  meeting  of 
the  Bank  of  ^Montreal.  On  his  way  home  he  was  taken  ill  and  passed  away 
soon  after  reaching  there. 

Many  of  the  leading  mercantile  houses  and  public  offices  flew  their  flags 
at  half  mast  through  respect  for  him.  The  Montreal  Gazette  at  time  of  his 
death,  said  on  January   13,   1900,  editorially: 

"It  is  long  since  any  event  caused  such  a  painful  shock  in  ^Montreal  as  did 
the  death  yesterday  of  W.  W.  Ogilvie.  Strong  in  body,  clear  in  mind,  actively 
interested  in  the  details  of  great  concerns,  he  was  one  of  the  last  whose  taking 
away  would  be  thought  of.  His  loss  will  be  felt  the  more  because  of  its  sud- 
denness and  it  is  a  great  loss  to  the  city's  commercial  life.  Mr.  Ogilvie's 
business  intelligence  and  energy  long  ago  raised  him  to  a  place  not  among 
Canada's  alone,  but  among  the  world's  great  merchants. 

"It  was  a  just  pride  that  he  felt  in  directing  the  greatest  milling  interest  in 
the  world  under  one  man's  control ;  and  the  pride  was  more  than  personal.  He 
early  saw  what  the  northwest  meant  to  Canada,  lioth  commcrciallv  and  nation- 
ally, and  it  was  a  pleasure  to  him  to  feel  that  as  his  business  spread  it  was  mak- 
ing known  the  resources  of  the  country,  in  all  of  whose  affairs  he  took  the 
deepest  interest. 

"The  success  that  he  gained  in  his  own  business  caused  his  counsel  to  be 
sought  in  the  direction  of  other  great  enterprises.     He  was  a  director  in  the 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  111 

country's  greatest  financial  corporation,  and  in  other  institutions  in  which  he 
had  investments.  On  the  Corn  Exchange  and  on  the  Board  of  Trade,  his  was 
an  influential  voice,  and  it  was  always  raised  in  behalf  of  that  which  was  best 
and  broadest. 

"He  knew  how  to  give  generously  to  a  good  cause.  He  earned  the  respect 
of  all  who  were  brought  into  contact  with  him  and  especially  that  of  the  hun- 
dreds of  men  who  served  him  in  the  enterprise  of  which  his  was  the  directing 
brain. 

"It  was  a  big  place  that  he  won  through  his  heart  as  well  as  by  his  head 
and  it  will  be  long  ere  there  will  be  found  another  capable  of  filling  it." 

Mr.  Ogilvie  was  survived  by  his  widow  and  four  children,  three  sons  and  a 
daughter,  Albert  Edward,  William  Watson  (died  1906),  Gavin  Lang  and  Alice 
Helen.  Mrs.  Ogilvie  previous  to  her  marriage  in  1871,  was  Helen,  a  daughter 
of  Joseph  Johnston  of  Paisley,  Scotland. 


R.  A.  BALDWIN  HART. 

R.  A.  Baldwin  Hart,  prominent  as  a  representative  of  one  of  the  old  families 
of  Montreal,  manager-executor  of  the  Theodore  Hart  estate,  and  a  public-spirited 
citizen,  was  born  in  Montreal,  December  5,  1852,  a  son  of  Theodore  Hart.  For 
a  long  period  the  family  had  been  represented  in  this  city,  the  name  figuring 
prominently  in  connection  with  its  history.  His  education  was  acquired  in  the 
schools  of  Montreal  and  his  life  was  spent  in  his  native  city. 

In  1900  in  Montreal  Mr.  Hart  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Mary  Isabella 
Owen,  who  survives  him,  the  death  of  Mr.  Hart  having  occurred  on  the  nth  of 
September,  1903,  when  he  v\'as  yet  in  the  prime  of  life.  He  was  very  fond  of 
outdoor  sports.  He  was  a  wide  reader  and  kept  abreast  with  the  events  of  the 
day  and  the  progress  of  the  times.  Charitable  and  kindly  in  spirit,  he  listened 
attentively  and  sympathetically  to  a  tale  of  sorrow  or  distress  and  no  worthy 
object  failed  to  receive  substantial  assistance  from  him.  Civic  affairs  were  a  mat- 
ter of  interest  to  him  and  he  supported  movements  which  he  deemed  of  benefit 
to  Montreal.  His  was  indeed  a  well  rounded  character  in  which  the  varied 
important  interests  of  life  received  due  consideration  and  he  stood  as  a  high  type 
of  Canadian  manhood  and  citizenship. 


ALAN  JUDAH  HART. 

Alan  Judah  Hart,  founder  of  the  Hart  Manufacturing  Company,  of  Mon- 
treal, is  a  descendant  of  one  of  the  oldest  English  speaking  families  of  Canada, 
the  ancestry  being  traced  back  to  one  who  came  from  New  York  with  General 
Amherst  in  1759.  For  many  generations  the  family  was  represented  at  Three 
Rivers,  Canada.  Lewis  A.  Hart,  father  of  Alan  J.  Hart,  has  for  forty  years 
or  more  been  a  notary  in  Montreal.  He  was  liorn  at  Three  Rivers  and  was  edu- 
cated in   Montreal,  supplementing  his  preliminary  studies  by  advanced  courses 


112  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

which  won  him  the  degrees  of  Master  of  Arts  and  Bachelor  of  Civil  Law.  He 
married  Fanny  Elizabeth  Benjamin  and  they  became  the  parents  of  four  sons 
and  four  daughters:  Claude  Benjamin,  a  commission  merchant;  Arthur  Dauiei. 
a  manufacturer's  agent;  Philip  Beyfus,  a  commercial  traveler;  Alan  judah; 
Ethel  Muriel ;  Mabel  Ruth ;  Gladys  Judith ;  and  Dorothy  Marguerite. 

Alan  Judah  Hart  was  born  in  Montreal,  October  4,  1879.  He  was  educated 
in  Montreal  and  for  some  years  was  employed  by  E.  A.  Small  &  Company,  manu- 
facturers of  men's  clothing,  and  later  was  with  A.  H.  Sims  &  Company,  manu- 
facturers of  ladies'  clothing,  acting  as  superintendent  of  the  house  for  three  )ears. 
In  1902  he  established  the  Hart  Manufacturing  Company  for  the  purpose  of 
manufacturing  ladies'  tailor-made  suits  and  cloaks  and  in  the  conduct  of  this 
business  he  has  been  very  successful.  Mr.  Hart  is  a  director  of  H.  \'ineberg 
&  Company,  Limited,  manufacturers  of  the  Progress  Brand  clothing  and  has 
become  widely  and  favorably  known  in  commercial  circles. 

Mr.  Hart  married  Miss  Eva  Vineberg,  a  daughter  of  Harris  Yineberg,  and 
they  have  a  family  of  five  children :  Edward  Henry,  Gordon  David,  Lawrence 
Ezra,  Alma  Ruth  and  \'era  Esther. 

Mr.  Hart  is  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital  and  a  director 
of  Mount  Sinai  Sanitarium  at  Ste.  Agathe.  He  was  likewise  a  member  of  the 
e.xecutive  board  of  the  Canadian  Manufacturers  Association,  serving  in  that 
capacity  in  1912  and  1913,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade 
and  of  the  Royal  Arcanum.  His  interests  and  activities  are  varied  and  important, 
winning  him  recognition  of  his  worth  in  both  commercial  circles  and  in  public 
life. 


HON.  LOUIS  JOSEPH  FORGET. 

Hon.  Louis  Joseph  Forget,  whose  name  is  written  large  on  the  pages  of  finan- 
cial and  industrial  history  of  Montreal  during  the  past  forty  years,  left  the  impress 
of  his  great  constructive  force  and  energy  upon  mammoth  projects  which  are 
figured  as  some  of  the  Dominion's  leading  enterprises.  He  was  born  March 
II,  1853,  at  Terrebonne,  P.  Q.,  a  district  that  has  produced  many  eminent  states- 
men, writers,  merchants  and  financiers.  He  was  one  of  the  nine  sons  of  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Joseph  Forget  and  was  descended  from  a  family  that  came  to  Canada 
from  Normandy  in  1600.  Among  those  nine  sons  there  were  two  priests,  one 
of  whom  declined  episcopal  robes,  a  notary,,  two  lawyers,  two  contractors,  one 
farmer  and  he  who  was  destined  to  become  a  power  in  the  financial  world, 
Louis  Josei)h  Forget.  His  education  was  acquired  at  Masson  College  and  his 
entrance  into  business  circles  was  in  connection  with  a  dry-goods  establishment. 
He  had  almost  reached  the  determination  of  trying  his  fortune  in  the  I'nited 
States  when  he  chanced  upon  a  newspaper  that  contained  an  advertisement  of 
office  help  being  needed  by  Thomas  Caverhill.  Mr.  Forget  ai)i)lie(l  for  the  posi- 
tion the  next  morning  and  was  accepted.  From  the  beginning  of  his  work  with 
Mr.  Caverhill  the  young  man  displayed  unusual  aptness  as  well  as  great  eager- 
ness to  learn.  He  was  not  an  ordinary  boy.  He  took  great  interest  in  his  work 
and  often   asked  questions  about   other    features   of   the  business   that   did   not 


ii(i\.  L(U  IS  .1.  F()K(;i:t 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  115 

come  within  his  particular  line  of  duties,  but  a  knowledge  thereof  added  to  his 
capability  and  rendered  him  fit  for  promotion  and  ojiportunity  offered  later. 
It  is  only  natural  that  a  young  man  of  this  character  should  attract  the  atten- 
tion of  his  employer.  Mr.  Caverhill  took  great  interest  in  him  and  was  instru- 
mental in  causing  Mr.  Forget  to  enter  the  brokerage  business.  The  financial 
exploit  during  Jay  Gould's  celebrated  Black  Friday  in  Wall  street  reflected  no 
little  credit  upon  Mr.  Forget,  displaying  in  notable  manner  his  insight  and 
ability,  and  soon  afterward  he  was  nominated  for  membership  in  the  Montreal 
Stock  Exchange  by  his  former  employer.  It  is  interesting  in  this  connection  to 
note  that  he  was  the  first  French-Canadian  to  be  admitted  to  membership  in 
that  body  and  that  before  he  had  reached  his  majority  he  purchased  his  seat 
therein  at  a  cost  of  nine  hundred  dollars.  He  began  business  as  a  stock  broker 
in  Montreal  in  1873,  from  which  time  until  his  death,  thirty-eight  years  later, 
his  prominence  and  success  in  the  investment  security  business  were  not  over- 
shadowed by  that  of  his  contemporaries.  He  founded  the  financial  house  of 
L.  j.  Forget  &  Companj-,  one  of  the  foremost  in  its  line  in  Montreal  and 
remained  its  head  during  his  life  time.  The  Paris  branch  of  L.  J.  Forget  & 
Company  at  7  Rue  Auber,  was  the  first  to  be  established  in  continental  Europe 
by  a  Canadian  financial  house  and  readily  secured  a  clientele  that  materially 
broadened  the  operations  of  the  firm. 

Senator  Forget  was  elected  president  of  the  Montreal  Stock  Exchange  in 
1895  to  succeed  H.  S.  Macdougall  and  in  May,  1896,  was  reelected.  His  busi- 
ness and  financial  connections  had  been  constantly  broadening  and  had  long 
since  included  a  prominent  identification  with  the  foremost  financial  and  indus- 
trial projects  of  the  time.  In  1892  he  became  president  of  what  was  then  the 
Montreal  City  Passenger  Railway  Company,  now  the  Montreal  Tramways  Com- 
pany. He  remained  its  directing  head  until  191 1,  in  which  connection  he  accom- 
plished what  has  meant  much  to  Montreal.  To  no  one  man  is  the  city  indebted 
as  largely  for  the  upbuilding  and  development  of  its  transportation  system  as  to 
Senator  Forget.  Under  his  regime  the  motive  power  was  changed  from  horses 
to  electricity  and  the  market  value  of  the  company's  stock  advanced  from  around 
one  hundred  dollars  to  three  hundred  and  thirty-seven  dollars  and  a  half  per 
share. 

In  1895  Senator  Forget  became  president  of  the  Richelieu  &  Ontario  Navi- 
gation Company.  At  that  time  the  affairs  of  the  company  were  far  from  being 
on  a  dividend-paying  basis  and  the  rehabilitation  of  its  interests  was  but  another 
illustration  of  Senator  Forget's  constructive  genius.  He  resigned  his  position 
as  head  of  the  com])any  in  1905,  but  in  the  meantime  the  stock  was  paying  a 
six  per  cent  dividend  and  the  affairs  of  the  company  generally  were  in  a  better 
condition  than  ever  before. 

One  of  the  great  achievements  of  Senator  Forget  was  in  carrying  through 
the  merger  of  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat  &  Power  Company  and  in  doing  so  he 
accomplished  what  many  predicted  to  be  utterly  impossible,  saying  that  nothing 
but  failure  and  financial  disaster  could  result.  This  was  in  1900  before  the 
days  when  big  business  interests  were  merged  into  mammoth  enterprises  and 
the  amount  involved,  seventeen  million  dollars,  seemed  to  stagger  even  the  most 
progressive  element  in  financial  circles.  Like  all  of  his  undertakings,  ]\Ir.  For- 
get had  not  entered  into  this  without  due  consideration  and  he  had  implicit  con- 


116  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

fidence  in  its  success.  It  is  doubtful  if  any  but  he  could  have  swung  that  deal 
and  how  well  he  succeeded  is  best  indicated  in  the  value  of  the  securities  of 
the  company  in  investment  circles. 

He  was  a  prominent  figure  in  the  notable  contest  which  took  place  between 
the  Dominion  Coal  Company  and  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company.  Origi- 
nally a  director  and  vice  president  of  the  coal  company  he  espoused  the  cause  of 
the  steel  company  in  its  fight  o\er  the  coal  supply  and  ultimately  the  matter  was 
carried  to  the  privy  council  and  was  there  decided  in  favor  of  the  steel  company. 
Mr.  Forget  was  elected  vice  president  of  the  steel  corporation  when  eventually 
the  two  companies  were  merged  and  he  continued  to  take  an  active  part  in  the 
administration  of  the  affairs  of  the  company  to  the  time  when  his  health  began 
to  fail.  Evidence  of  his  wonderful  insight  and  sagacity  in  business  matters  is 
shown  in  the  fact  that  when  the  trouble  first  arose  from  which  resulted  the 
extended  litigation  between  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Companv  and  the 
Dominion  Coal  Company  Senator  Forget  went  over  the  point  in  contention  in 
his  characteristic  deliberate  manner  and  at  once  concluded  that  the  claim  of  the 
steel  corporation  would  be  sustained  by  the  courts,  notwithstanding  the  contrary 
opinion  of  some  of  the  greatest  legal  authorities  and  business  men  of  the  day 
and  time  proved  that  his  judgment  was  correct. 

He  was  the  first  French-Canadian  to  be  elected  to  the  directorate  of  the 
Canadian  Pacific  Railway  and  was  a  member  of  its  board  at  the  time  of  his 
death.  His  greatest  enthusiam  was  aroused  while  viewing  the  untold  resources 
of  the  west  during  the  many  times  he  accompanied  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy 
and  R.  B.  Angus  on  their  annual  tours  of  inspection.  When  the  life  work  of 
Senator  Forget  was  ended  the  Montreal  Daily  Star  said  in  part :  "By  the  death 
of  Senator  Forget  a  man  of  affairs  has  been  lost  to  Canada.  A  man  of  wide 
vision  who  saw  far  into  the  future  and  who  modeled  his  career  accordingly.  A 
glance  through  the  financial  district  at  the  half-masted  flags  at  once  conveys  an 
idea  of  the  number  and  the  prominence  of  the  institutions  that  Senator  Forget 
had  been  interested  in.  Senator  Forget  stood  out  in  Canadian  finance,  but 
more  than  that,  he  was  a  true  Canadian  citizen  and  had  done  his  share  towards 
the  public  weal,  forgetting  not  his  duty  towards  the  state  in  the  midst  of  tre- 
mendous private  enterprises.  He  was  a  man  of  sympathies.  At  all  times 
courteous  and  approachable,  he  could  thrust  aside  great  business  matters  to 
attend  to  the  small  wants  of  individuals,  nor  was  he  ever  found  wanting  or 
indififerent  when  charity  ofifered  a  plea. 

"In  finance  Senator  Forget  was  a  true  leader.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
men  to  loom  large  in  high  finance  in  Canada.  He  realized  many  possibilities 
which  other  men  have  realized  too — but  he  followed  that  by  action.  He  had 
the  courage  to  follow  bis  convictions  and  many  solid  institutions  which  today 
enjoy  in  themselves  prosperity  and  largely  aid  in  the  advancement  of  the 
Dominion,  owe  to  him  debts'which  can  never  be  repaid  to  the  individual,  though 
they  will  be  to  the  people  of  the  country.  His  financial  ability  brought  him 
into  prominence  in  connection  with  several  of  the  largest  corporations  in  ihc 
Dominion,  prominent  nmijng  which  were  the  Montreal  .Street,  the  Richelieu  & 
Ontario  Navigation  Comjiany  and  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat  &  Power  Com- 
pany, the  Dominion  Coal  Company,  and  the  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  117 

"Senator  Forget  was  one  of  the  colossal  figures  about  whom  have  surged 
the  tides  and  currents  of  Canadian  finance.  The  news  of  his  death  this  morn- 
ing was  as  much  of  a  shock  as  a  surjjrise,  both  to  those  with  whom  he  had 
been  so  long  associated  in  connection  with  the  organization  and  the  manage- 
ment of  the  great  financial  and  industrial  enterprises  of  the  Dominion  and  to 
the  thousands  of  others  to  whom  his  name  had  come  to  be  the  shibboleth  of 
success. 

"But  if  Senator  Forget  represented  one  thing  more  than  success  it  was 
absolute  unswerving  fidelity  to  his  word.  In  all  the  heat  and  confusion  of 
the  stock  market  amidst  the  treacheries  which  sometimes  attend  on  high  financ- 
ing and  the  deception  and  duplicity  which  beset  the  path  of  the  successful  man 
everywhere,  there  was  never  a  question  of  his  own  unfaltering  veracity..  Sen- 
ator Forget  was  wisely  charitable,  an  intelligent  patron  of  the  arts,  and  a  strong 
supporter  of  all  movements  which  made  for  the  better  government  of  the  city 
and  the  state.  He  will  long  be  remembered  for  what  he  was  as  well  as  for 
what  he  did." 

Another  Montreal  paper  said  of  him :  "His  rise  to  financial  fame  is  writ- 
ten on  the  business  history  of  Montreal,  and  the  story  of  his  success  in  the 
financial  world  is  the  history  of  the  development  of  the  city.  Although  Sen- 
ator Forget's  estate  will  count  up  into  the  millions,  its  accumulation  was  not 
effected  by  continuous  plain  sailing." 

Obstacles  and  difficulties  of  grave  import  arose,  but  his  financial  capacity 
and  strict  integrity  had  won  the  confidence  and  trust  of  friends  who  rallied  to 
his  support,  and  although  he  saw  the  storm  clouds  gather,  he  was  able  to  turn 
threatened  disaster  into  brilliant  achievement.  His  investments  were  most 
judiciously  made  and  his  judgment  concerning  important  financial  transactions 
seemed  never  at  fault.  Once  his  mind  was  made  up  as  to  the  value  of  a 
security  nothing  could  shake  his  confidence,  and  much  of  his  success  in  life  was 
due  to  his  unerring  judgment. 

Slow  to  make  a  promise  or  express  an  opinion.  Senator  Forget  never  failed 
to  fulfill  a  promise  and  when  he  gave  his  opinion  it  was  the  expression  of  his 
hone-st  conviction  and  indicated  a  course  which  he  would  follow  in  a  similar 
position.  If  he  advised  an  investor  it  meant  that  he  would  not  hesitate  a 
moment  in  investing  his  own  money  in  the  same  security.  His  unquestioned 
loyalty  to  his  friends  covered  his  entire  business  career.  His  recommendation 
of  a  security  to  an  investor  meant  that  he  would  fully  support  that  security 
and  there  were  instances  in  his  career  when  even  his  vast  resources  were  taxed 
in  such  support.  This  was  true  in  connection  with  the  Montreal  Stock  Exchange 
in  a  security  where  large  sums  were  invested  on  his  recommendation.  The 
implicit  confidence  that  capital  had  in  his  judgment  enabled  him  to  finance  and 
successfully  carry  out  projects  that  probably  no  other  man  of  his  time  could 
have  handled.  His  word  was  as  .good  as  his  bond.  His  denial  of  a  rumor 
killed  it  immediately  just  as  an  .admission  from  him  settled  all  doubt.  He 
could  see  through  a  proposition  readily  and  would  decide  important  and  exten- 
sive matters  quickly.  His  decision  was  never  hasty  or  ill  advised  but  came  as 
the  result  of  the  fact  that  he  had  mastered  many  grave  business  affairs  and 
with  readiness  comprehended  every  phase  of  a  situation  that  came  before  him. 
He   was   a   man   of   strong  personality.     His   was   never   the   command   of   the 


118  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

tyrant  to  go  but  ever  the  call  of  the  leader  to  come.  He  was  never  vacillating 
in  his  opinions  of  the  best  methods  to  be  followed  or  the  manner  in  which  a 
given  work  was  to  be  done.  He  was  a  most  considerate  and  appreciative  man 
and  was  always  ready  to  encourage  one  who  was  striving  upward.  He  was 
not  a  talkative  man,  that  is  he  talked  but  comparatively  little,  yet  he  talked  to 
the  point  and  with  great  earnestness  and  thinking  men  listened  to  him  with  atten- 
tion. He  never  laughed  aloud,  but  his  smile  was  one  full  of  humor,  enjoyment 
and  good  nature.  Judging  his  manner  by  first  appearance  might  do  him  an 
injustice,  for  a  habit  of  earnest  thought  had  brought  a  deep  furrow  in  the  fore- 
head that  might  be  regarded  as  a  frown.  An  acquaintance,  however,  always 
received  the  most  polite  attention  from  him  and  his  unfailing  courtesy  of  man- 
ner showed  him  to  be  a  perfect  gentleman  in  the  highest  and  best  sense  of  the 
term. 

His  interest  in  benevolent  and  charitable  projects  was  wide  and  his  support 
thereof  most  generous.  He  became  a  director  of  the  Notre  Dame  Hospital  and 
was  a  governor  of  both  the  General  Hospital  and  the  Western  Hospital.  He 
was  a  governor  of  the  Art  Association  and  life  governor  of  the  Numismatic 
&  Antiquarian  Society;  also  president  of  the  board  of  governors  of  Laval  Uni- 
versity. His  political  career  is  an  interesting  one,  for  he  was  not  always  a 
supporter  of  the  liberal-conservative  party.  Although  a  fellow  townsman  of 
Sir  Adolphe  Chapleau,  the  Senator  had  been  allied  with  Sir^  Henri  Gustave 
Joly  de  Lotbiniere  in  that  leader's  contest  with  Chapleau,  Angers  and  the  rest 
of  the  conservative  leaders  of  his  time.  In  federal  politics,  however,  Hon. 
-Mr.  Forget  declined  to  follow  the  free  trade  policy  of  Mackenzie  and  Cart- 
wright,  which  had  been  forced  against  his  will  upon  Rodolphe  Laflamme,  and 
from  the  days  of  the  national  policy  the  Senator  worked  with  the  present  con- 
servative party.  He  was  appdinted  to  the  upper  house  during  the  elections  of 
1896  and  was  the  last  conservative  senator  to  enter  that  branch  of  the  Canadian 
parliament.  Senator  Forget  seldom  addressed  the  senate,  yet  his  advice  in 
committee  was  of  great  value  to  his  fellow  members  and  it  was  here  that  the 
close  friendship  sprang  up  between  Senator  Forget  and  the  ex-prime  minister. 
Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell.  The  Senator  was  a  loyal  follower  of  R.  L.  Borden  as 
leader  of  the  conservative  party,  both  in  parliament  and  in  the  country.  He 
realized  that  it  was  a  very  difficult  matter  for  any  leader  to  find  complete  favor 
in  the  eyes  of  all  the  provinces,  but  he  was  confident  that  Mr.  Borden  gave  his 
services  to  the  party  and  to  the  country  in  a  patriotic  manner  and  consequently 
deserved  the  support  of  a  united  party  in  both  houses.  The  ^Montreal  Gazette 
some  years  ago  termed  him  "an  astute  and  enterprising  man  of  afifairs."  He 
was  more  than  that.  He  was  a  constructionist  and  builded  where  others  saw 
no  opportunity ;  he  was  a  patriot  without  narrow  partisanship ;  a  Roman  Cath- 
olic and  stanch  churchman  without  a  particle  of  race  jjrejudice,  in  evidence  of 
which  fact  his  closest  friend  in  the  senate  of  the  Dominion  was  an  ex-grand 
master  of  the  Orange  Grand  Lodge  of  British  North  .\merica — Sir  Mackenzie 
Bowell.  High  honors  had  been  accorded  him,  distinction  and  notable  success 
had  come  to  him.  These  things  made  him  an  eminent  citizen,  but,  more  than 
that,  attractive  social  qualities  and  genuine  personal  worth  had  gained  him  the 
highest  regard,  confidence,  good-will  and  friendship  of  his  contenii)oraries  and 
colleagues. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  119 

While  Senator  Forget  was  a  member  of  a  number  of  clubs,  he  manifested 
keenest  interest  perhaps  in  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the 
founders.  Among  the  other  clubs  to  which  he  belonged  were  the  St.  James,  of 
which  he  had  been  president;  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club;  the  Forest 
and  Stream;  the  Montreal  Hunt;  the  Country  Club  of  Ottawa  and  the  Man- 
hattan Club  of  New  York. 

In  May,  1876,  Senator  Forget  married  Miss  Maria  Raymond,  a  daughter  of 
Gustav  A.  Raymond  of  Montreal.  They  were  the  parents  of  five  children: 
Loulou,  now  Mrs.  W.  W.  Skinner;  Raymond,  who  died  at  the  age  of  four 
years;  Blanche,  now  Mrs.  Guy  Boyer;  Marguerite;  and  Pauline.  The  two 
younger  daughters  accompanied  their  parents  abroad  and  the  family  was  sojourn- 
ing at  Nice  when  Senator  Forget  passed  away,  April  7,  191 1. 


CHARLES  M.  BLACK. 


Thorough  preparatory  training  and  broadening  experience  well  qualify 
Charles  M.  Black  for  the  important  and-  responsible  duties  that  devolve  upon 
him  as  secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  insurance  brokerage  firm  of  R.  Howard 
&  Company  of  Montreal.  He  has  many  friends  in  this  city,  to  whom  his  life 
record  will  prove  of  interest.  He  was  born  in  Wiimipeg  in  1890,  a  son  of  William 
Allan  Black  and  a  grandson  of  Charles  R.  and  Elizabeth  (Hall)  Black,  of  Mon- 
treal. There  is  a  mingled  strain  of  English  and  Scotch  blood  in  his  veins.  The 
birth  of  William  A.  Black  occurred  in  Montreal,  November  17,  1862.  His  edu- 
cation was  acquired  in  the  schools  of  his  native  city,  and  for  some  years  he  was 
in  the  service  of  the  Grand  Trunk  and  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Comi)anies. 
In  1882  he  went  to  Manitoba  and  the  following  year  became  connected  with  the 
Ogilvie  Milling  Company,  one  of  the  foremost  enterprises  of  that  character  in 
the  country.  Gradually  in  that  connection  he  worked  his  way  upward  and  in 
1902  was  appointed  general  manager  of  the  western  division,  while  in  1910  he 
was  elected  one  of  the  directors  of  the  company.  Still  further  promotion  has 
come  to  him  in  his  election  as  vice  president  and  managing  director  of  the  Ogilvie 
Flour  Mills  Company.  He  is  likewise  a  member  of  the  Winnipeg  Board  of  Trade, 
a  councillor  of  the  Winnipeg  Grain  and  Produce  Exchange  and  a  member  of 
the  grain  survey  and  grain  standard  boards.  He  is  likewise  a  director  of  the 
Home  Savings  &  Investment  Company,  Molson's  Bank  and  Larose  Consolidated 
Mines  and  is  managing  director  of  the  Kaministiquia  Power  Company  and  presi- 
dent of  the  Manitoba  Cold  Storage  Company.  He  belongs  to  the  Winnipeg  and 
Manitoba  Clubs.  He  was  married  in  1888  to  Mary  Campbell,  daughter  of  Alex- 
ander McEwan,  of  Edinburgh,  Scotland. 

The  illustrious  example  of  his  father  has  fired  the  ambition  of  Charles  M. 
Black,  who  was  reared  in  Montreal  and  Winnipeg.  Making  good  use  of  time, 
talents  and  opportunities,  he  has  steadily  progressed  and  is  today  a  well  known 
factor  in  insurance  brokerage  circles  of  Montreal.  The  business  of  the  firm  of 
R.  Howard  &  Company  was  established  in  1901  and  was  organized  under  the 
present  firm  style  on  the  ist  of  February,  1913,  when  Charles  M.  Black  became 
a  member  of  the  firm,  of  which  he  has  since  been  secretarv  and  treasurer,  with 


120  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Robert  Howard  as  the  president.  He  had  received  thorough  initial  liusiness 
training  in  three  years'  connection  with  his  father,  and  he  is  also  secretary  and 
treasurer  of  the  Financial  Investment  Company.  A  young  man  of  determination 
and  energy-,  he  carries  forward  to  successful  completion  whatever  he  undertakes, 
and  obstacles  and  difficulties  in  his  path  serve  but  as  an  impetus  for  renewed 
effort  on  his  part. 


JOHN  PRATT. 


High  on  the  list  of  Montreal's  worthy  citizens  who  have  passed  from  this 
life  appears  the  name  of  John  Pratt,  who  from  1839  until  1872  was  one  of  the 
prosperous  merchants  of  the  city.  He  was  born  at  Berthier,  en  haut,  on  the 
20th  of  July,  1812,  and  after  a  well  spent  life  of  sixty-four  years  passed  away 
July  22,  1876.  He  was  survived  for  only  a  few  weeks  by  his  brother,  Mr.  C. 
F.  Pratt,  with  whom  he  had  commenced  his  business  career  and  with  whom  he 
was  almost  continuously  associated  thereafter. 

The  father  was  a  merchant  at  Berthier  and  in  1833  the  sons,  Charles  F.  and 
John,  left  the  paternal  home  to  establish  a  business  house  in  Quebec  under  the 
firm  name  of  C.  F.  Pratt  &  Company.  Having  succeeded  almost  beyond  his 
expectations  in  that  city,  John  Pratt  opened  a  branch  establishment  at  Three 
Rivers  and,  as  in  Quebec,  won  almost  immediate  prosperity  in  the  conduct  of 
the  enterprise.  Soon  the  brothers  found  that  their  sphere  of  action  was  too 
limited  and  in  1839  they  extended  the  scope  of  their  interests  by  founding  the 
well  known  leather  house  of  John  Pratt  &  Company  in  Montreal. 

In  1852  the  Quebec  house  was  closed,  the  brothers  concentrating  their  ener- 
gies upon  the  conduct  of  the  Montreal  business,  out  of  which  they  made  colossal 
fortunes,  that  of  Mr.  John  Pratt  amounting  to  about  a  million  dollars.  The 
tanneries  at  Roxton  Falls  were  started  by  the  Pratts,  who  for  many  years  stood 
at  the  head  of  the  leather  business.  In  1869,  however,  they  put  aside  industrial 
and  commercial  interests,  but  while  Charles  Pratt  confined  himself  to  private 
aflfairs,  his  brother,  John  Pratt,  whose  name  introduces  this  review,  unable  with 
his  active  temperament  to  remain  comparatively  unemployed,  engaged  in  the  con- 
duct of  several  joint  stock  companies,  with  which  he  had  identified  himself.  At 
the  time  of  his  death  he  was  president  of  the  Richelieu  &  Ontario  Navigation 
Company,  over  whose  board  he  had  presided  since  1867.  He  was  president  of 
the  Banque  du  Peuple,  of  the  Rubber  Company,  and  others ;  and  was  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  Citizens  Assurance  Company,  a  position  which  he  also  occupied  in 
connection  with  other  joint  stock  concerns.  He  was  on  the  board  of  directors 
of  the  Valleyfield  Cotton  Company,  an  enterprise  which  he  had  done  much  to 
promote.  Indeed,  it  may  be  said  of  Mr.  Pratt  that  he  was  an  undoubted  author- 
ity on  all  business  matters,  being  sagacious,  practical,  enterprising  and  energetic. 
He  seemed  to  recognize  almost  from  the  beginning  the  possibilities  of  any 
undertaking,  and  he  never  faltered  until  his  purpose  was  accoinplished. 

In  7863  Mr.  Pratt  was  placed  on  the  harbor  board,  but  the  succeeding  year 
the  government  of  Sir  John  Macdonald  removed  him  from  office,  doing  exactly 
the  same  by  Hon.  John  Young  and  Mr.  Thomas  Cramp.  In  1S74,  however,  he 
was  placed  upon  the  newly  constituted  lioard,  of  which  be  was  an  active,  ])rac- 


JdHX  PRATT 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  12:5 

tical  and  influential  member.  His  natural  modesty  impelled  him,  upon  several 
occasions,  to  decline  nomination  for  parliament,  to  which,  there  is  no  doubt,  had 
he  so  desired,  he  would  have  been  elected.  Politically  he  was  a  thorough 
reformer  and  even  by  those  who  differed  from  him,  his  opinions  were  looked 
upon  ivitl".  great  respect.  He  was  at  all  linies  a  thorough  gentleman,  a  faithful 
and  considerate  friend  and  a  real  philanthropist. 

On  the  3d  of  March,  1840,  Mr.  Pratt  married  ISlarie  Mathilde  Roy,  the 
widow  of  Charles  Ovide  Perrault,  who  was  killed  in  the  rebellion  oi  1837,  Mrs. 
Pratt  died  July  29,  1897.  The  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pratt  were: 
Marie  Mathilde,  who  was  married  in  1862  to  Desire  Girouard;  Charles  Alfred, 
a  practicing  physician,  who  in  i8f)()  married  Alphonsine  Leclair  and  resides  at 
Longueuil;  Eveline  Marie  Louise,  the  wife  of  Joseph  Gustave  Laviolette,  of 
Montreal;  Virginia,  who  was  married  September  30,  1878,  to  George  H.  Mat- 
thews; Aloysia,  who  was  married  June  17,  1878,  to  Percy  Franklin  Woodcock, 
the  well  known  artist;  Frederick  Emile  George,  who  was  married  ]\Iay  31,  1883, 
to  Albina  Thibault,  the  widow  of  his  younger  brother;  and  Louis  Edouard 
Albert,  who  married  Albina  Thibault  and  died  August  11,  1880. 

On  the  27th  of  July,  1876,  the  body  of  Mr.  John  Pratt  was  taken  from 
the  family  residence.  No.  310  Lagauchetiere  street  to  the  church  of  St.  Jacques, 
St.  Denis  street,  and  thence  to  the  family  vault  in  the  Roman  Catholic  cemetery. 
The  attendance  at  the  church  was  immense,  comprising  all  the  influential  and 
re])resentative  citizens,  both  French  and  English,  of  Montreal.  At  the  church 
the  burial  service  was  celebrated  by  Rev.  A.  L.  Sentenne,  cure  of  the  parish, 
assisted  by  Rev.  Father  Fleck,  superior  of  the  Jesuits. 

Perhaps  no  better  indication  of  Mr.  Pratt's  high  standing  could  be  given  than 
by  quoting  a  letter  received  by  Mrs.  John  Pratt,  reading : 
"Dear  Madam : 

'"We,  the  harbor  commissioners  of  Montreal,  take  the  liberty  of  intruding 
upon  you  to  express  our  sympathy  and  condolence  to  you  and  your  family  in  the 
irretrievable  loss  sustained  by  the  death  of  your  late  husband,  our  friend  and 
colleague  in  the  harbor  trust.  Our  late  friend  rendered  such  efficient  service  in 
the  management  of  this  important  trust  and  was  so  fully  in  sympathy  with  every 
movement  for  the  good  of  his  country  and  this  city  in  which  he  lived,  as  to 
secure  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  every  member  of  the  commission.  At  such 
.a  time  we  are  aware  that  nothing  can  be  said  to  assuage  the  natural  grief  of 
yourself  and  family,  still  we  hope,  Dear  Madam,  it  will  prove  consolatory  to 
you  and  yours,  that  your  husband,  our  friend,  has  filled  up  his  season  of  life 
with  so  many  good  deeds  and  in  so  exemplary  a  manner,  and  that  although  he 
has  now  gone  from  among  us,  he  will  be  remembered  by  all  who  knew  him. 
This  we  trust  will  be  to  you  and  your  family  a  source  of  comfort  and  help  you 
to  bear  with   fortitude  and  resignation  your  present  great  affliction. 

"Thomas  Cramp, 
"Hugh   McLennan, 
"Andrew  Allan, 
"Charles  H.  Gould, 
"John  Young, 
"Adolphe  Roy, 
"P.  Donovan. 


124  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

"Harbor  commissioners'  office,  Montreal,  July  28,  1876." 
The  board  of  directors  of  the  Richelieu  &  Ontario  Navigation  Company,  at 
its  meeting  on  Friday,  the  2Sth  of  July,  1S76,  passed  unanimously  the  following 
resolution : 

"Resolved:  That  this  board  of  directors  have  received  with  much  regret 
intelligence  of  the  death  of  the  late  president  of  the  company,  Mr.  John 
Pratt,  whose  long  and  valuable  services  in  its  behalf  secured  for  him  the 
gratitude,  not  only  of  the  directors,  but  of  every  shareholder  in  the  com- 
pany. The  directors  desire  to  offer  to  his  family  the  deep  sympathy  of  every 
member  of  the  board  in  the  loss  they  have  sustained,  and  to  assure  them  of 
the  high  esteem  in  which  the  late  i\Ir.  Pratt  was  universally  held. 

"Hugh  Allan,  president. 

"J.  N.  Beaudry,  secretary. 

"Thomas  Caverhill. 

"Andrew  Allan. 

"William   McNaughton. 

"Adolphe  Roy. 

"D.  Masson. 

"M.  H.  Gault. 

"Robert  Anderson." 


THOMAS  W.  RITCHIE. 

One  of  the  most  prominent  members  of  the  provincial  bar  was  T.  W. 
Ritchie,  who  specialized  in  the  practice  of  commercial  law  in  Alontreal  and  rep- 
resented many  important  corporations  in  his  professional  connection.  A  native 
of  Hatley,  Quebec,  he  was  born  in  1828.  After  careful  preparation  for  active 
law  practice  he  was  called  to  the  bar  in  1852  and  opened  an  office  in  Sher- 
brooke.  In  i860  he  removed  to  Montreal  and  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of 
Rose,  Monk  &  Ritchie.  It  was  in  1867  that  he  was  appointed  queen's  counsel. 
No  dreary  novitiate  awaited  him  at  the  outset  of  his  professional  career.  He 
brought  to  its  starting  point  several  rare  gifts,  strong  individuality,  marked 
strength  of  character  and  high  professional  ideals,  in  addition  to  comprehensive 
knowledge  of  the  principles  of  law  and  ability  to  correctly  apply  these.  He 
continued  in  active  practice  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Rose,  Monk  &  Ritchie 
until  Mr.  Monk  was  appointed  to  the  bench.  The  partnership  relation  under 
the  firm  style  of  Rose  &  Ritchie  then  continued  until  Sir  John  Rose  left  Canada 
for  England.  Mr.  Ritchie  was  then  joined  by  J.  L.  Morris  and  W.  Rose,  but 
the  latter  left  soon  afterward  and  later  Mr.  Morris  retired.  Mr.  Ritchie  then 
took  in  as  partner  Mr.  G.  H.  Borlase,  who  remained  with  him  until  1879,  when 
he  retired.  Mr.  Ritchie  then  admitted  his  son  W.  F.  Ritchie  to  a  partnership 
under  the  firm  style  of  Ritchie  &  Ritchie'.  The  father  was  one  of  the  mo.st  prom- 
inent members  of  the  bar  of  the  province,  ranking  high  as  an  advocate  in  the 
department  of  commercial  law  and  sustaining  many  important  professional 
relations.  At  the  time  of  his  death,  on  the  4th  of  Septcml)er,  1882,  he  was 
solicitor  to  the  P.ank  of  Montreal  and  the  Hudson's  Bay  Company  and  was  both 


'  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  125 

director  and  solicitor  to  the  Montreal,  Portland  &  lioston  Railway.  For  many 
years  he  acted  as  crown  prosecutor  for  the  district  of  Montreal.  The  court 
records  attest  his  high  standing  and  his  ability  whereby  he  engraved  his  name 
high  on  the  keystone  of  the  legal  arch.  It  is  the  theory  of  the  law  that  the 
counsels  who  practice  are  to  aid  the  court  in  the  administration  of  justice,  and 
perhaps  no  representative  of  the  Montreal  bar  has  been  more  careful  to  con- 
form his  practice  to  a  high  standard  of  professional  fthics  than  did  T.  W. 
Ritchie. 


ALBERT  GEORGE  NICHOLLS,  M.  D. 

One  of  the  well  known  members  of  the  medical  profession  in  Montreal,  Dr. 
Albert  George  Nicholls  has  made  continual  progress,  and  in  the  field  of  scien- 
tific attainment  and  research  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  most  eminent  in  the  pro- 
fession in  the  city.  His  investigations,  carried  far  and  wide,  have  brought  forth 
many  valuable  truths,  and  his  contributions  to  medical  literature  are  largely 
accepted  as  standard. 

Dr.  Nicholls  was  born  at  Shotley  Bridge,  Durham,  England,  April  i6,  1870, 
a  son  of  the  late  Rev.  John  Nicholls  and  Mary  Elizabeth  (Harland)  Nicholls. 
The  father  was  the  well  known  pastor  of  St.  Mark's  Presbyterian  church  in 
Montreal  for  twenty-two  years.  In  England  he  became  identified  with  the  Meth- 
odist clergy  and  was  given  charge  of  churches  at  Shotley  Bridge,  Durham ; 
Chester-le-Street,  Hetton  and  Blyth,  Northumberland.  He  was  born  at  Willen- 
hall,  Staffordshire,  England,  in  1840,  and  had  reached  the  age  of  fifty-eight  years 
when  he  passed  away  in  Montreal  on  the  4th  of  May,  1898.  He  had  been  a 
resident  of  Canada  for  almost  a  quarter  of  a  century,  having  arrived  in  this 
country  in  1874.  It  was  after  he  came  to  the  new  world  that  he  connected  him- 
self with  the  Presbyterian  church  and  for  twenty-two  years  remained  pastor  of 
St.  Mark's.  The  names  of  few  are  so  closely  interwoven  with  the  history  of 
moral  progress  in  this  city,  tor  some  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Protestant 
Ministerial  Association,  was  editor  of  the  Bible  Reporter,  and  was  a  frequent 
contributor  to  the  press  upon  questions  relative  to  the  work  of  the  church  and 
the  extension  of  Christian-  influence.  At  the  time  of  the  smallpox  epidemic 
in  Montreal  he  served  on  various  committees  formed  to  relieve  the  situation  and 
opened  his  church  for  the  distribution  of  relief.  He  was  also  one  of  the  origi- 
nators of  the  Fresh  Air  Fund  and  while  thoroughly  versed  upon  dogmas  and 
the  principles  of  theology,  his  religion  was  ever  of  that  jiractical  character  which 
found  expression  in  good  deeds,  in  ready  sympathy,  and  in  immediate  helpful- 
ness. The  survivors  of  his  family  are  Mrs.  Nicholls ;  Dr.  Albert  George  Nicholls, 
whose  name  introduces  this  review ;  and  a  daughter.  Miss  Amy  Nicholls,  B.  A. 

Education  received  high  rating  in  the  Nicholls  home  and  the  son  was  afforded 
excellent  opportunities  for  acquiring  knowledge  that  w-ould  fit  him  for  any  field 
of  labor  to  which  he  might  choose  to  devote  his  efi^orts.  He  attended  McGill 
Model  School,  the  Montreal  high  school  and  afterward  entered  McGill  Univer- 
sity, where  he  won  the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  and  became  gold  medallist  in 
classics  in  1890.    Three  years  later  his  alma  mater  conferred  upon  him  the  Master 


126  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL   ' 

of  Arts  degree  and  in  preparation  for  the  medical  profession  he  pursued  a  course 
of  study  in  McGill,  which  won  him  the  M.  D.  and  C.  M.  degrees  in  1894.  In 
IQ09  the  Doctor  of  Science  degree  was  conferred  upon  him  and  in  1908  the 
honor  of  F.  R.  S.  C.  Holding  to  the  highest  professional  standards  and  wishing 
to  reach  the  highest  possible  point  of  proficiency,  Dr.  Nicholls  has  gone  abroad 
for  study,  doing  post-graduate  work  at  Erlangen,  Prague  and  \"ienna.  A  suc- 
cessful practitioner  in  Montreal,  he  has  devoted  much  time  to  original  research, 
more  especially  in  the  scientific  side  of  medicine.  He  is  perhaps  best  known  for 
his  work  in  connection  with  typhoid  fever,  Brights  disease,  tuberculosis  and  some 
of  the  more  obscure  phases  of  chronic  inflammation  and  his  views  have  been 
referred  to  in  several  of  the  more  recent  authoritative  text-books.  He  is  the 
author  of  more  than  forty  monographs  and  other  publications  on  medical  sub- 
jects, and  his  writings  have  largely  been  accepted  as  standard  by  the  profession 
in  this  section  of  the  country.  He  was  joint  author  with  Professor  Adami  of 
The  Principles  of  Pathology,  a  work  of  recognized  value.  He  is  equally  well 
known  as  a  lecturer  on  clinical  medicine  and  assistant  professor  of  pathology 
and  bacteriology  in  McGill  University.  He  is  out-patient  physician  to  the 
Montreal  General  Hospital  and  assistant  physician  and  pathologist  to  the  West- 
ern General  Hospital. 

In  May,  1907,  Dr.  Nicholls  was  married  to  Miss  Lucia  Pomeroy,  the  youngest 
daughter  of  the  late  William  H.  Van  Vliet  of  Lacolle,  P.  Q.,  and  they  have  three 
sons,  George  Van  Vliet,  John  \'an  \'liet  and  Robert  Van  Vliet.  Dr.  Nicholls 
is  a  conservative  and  an  ardent  imperialist.  His  religious  affiliation  is  with  the 
Presbyterian  church,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  University  Club,  Montreal,  and 
the  Authors'  Club,  London. 

Those  life  forces  which  work  for  betterment,  for  progress  and  improvement 
elicit  his  attention  and  receive  his  support,  and  he  is  today  recognized  as  a  man 
of  splendidly  developed  talents  and  well  balanced  powers,  so  that  he  has  become 
a  forceful  factor  in  the  world's  work. 


CAPTAIN  GEORGE  HILLYARD  MATTHEWS. 

Success  in  business  resulting  entirely  from  capable  management,  keen  dis- 
crimination and  unfaltering  enterprise  came  to  Captain  George  Hillyard  Mat- 
thews, who  for  many  years  was  president  of  the  Sincennes-McNaughton  Line. 
His  birth  occurred  in  Montreal  on  the  14th  of  August,  1S46,  and  he  passed 
away  at  the  comparatively  early  age  of  fifty-seven  years,  dying  on  the  19th 
of  January,  1904.  He  was  a  son  of  George  Matthews,  of  Mount  Victoria, 
Hudson  and  'Montreal.  The  father  came  to  Canada  from  Essex,  England,  as  a 
young  man  and  in  this  country  married  a  Miss  Hudson,  also  a  native  of  England. 
They  became  the  parents  of  six  children,  including  Captain  Matthews,  who 
received  his  military  education  at  Sandhurst,  England,  in  187 1.  The  following 
year  he  entered  the  army  and  served  for  a  period  of  eight  years,  when  he 
resigned.  He  was  an  honorary  member  of  the  officers'  mess  of  the  Third 
Victoria  Rifles  and  also  honorary  president  of  the  Army  and  Navy  \'eterans 
Association.     He  never  ceased  to  feel  a  deep  interest  in  military  affairs  and 


CAPTAIN  GEORGE  H.  MATTHEWS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  129 

believed  in  tlie  maintenance  of  a  high  standard  of  service  in  connection  with 
the  army  and  navy. 

Captain  Matthews'  business  affairs  also  brought  him  prominently  before 
the  public.  For  many  years  he  was  president  of  the  Sincenncs-McNaughlon 
Line  and  during  his  term  of  office  the  major  portion  of  the  harbor  fleet  of 
tugs  was  built  under  his  supervision.  As  opportunity  offered  he  made  judicious 
investments  in  real  estate  and  became  the  owner  of  a  large  amount  of  prop- 
erty in  Montreal.  l^'oUowing  the  death  of  llaron  de  Longueuil,  he  took  charge 
of  his  estate,  which  he  wisely  managed. 

In  187S  Captain  Matthews  was  united  in  marriage  to  •■Miss  Virginia  Pratt, 
a  daughter  of  John  Pratt,  one  of  the  early  settlers  of  Montreal.  He  held 
membership  in  the  St.  James  Club  and  he  was  interested  in  various  signifi- 
cant and  vital  questions  of  the  day,  especially  in  fish  and  game  protection. 
He  also  took  an  active  interest  in  politics.  He  was  acquainted  with  all  of  the 
different  phases  of  public  life  having  to  do  with  the  prosperity  and  progress 
of  his  city  and  province,  and  his  aid  and  cooperation  could  always  be  counted 
upon  to  further  movements  for  the  general  good. 


DA\TD  BURKE. 


One  of  the  best  known  insurance  and  financial  men  of  Montreal  was  the  late 
David  Burke,  who  passed  away  on  December  5,  1913.  He  was  born  in  Char- 
lottetown,  P.  E.  1.,  in  1850,  being  the  youngest  son  of  Edward  and  Mary  (Acorn) 
Burke,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Prince  Edward  Island.  He  received  his 
early  education  in  the  schools  of  that  province.  In  early  manhood  he  turned  his 
attention  to  the  insurance  business,  being  but  si.xteen  years  of  age  when  he  entered 
upon  the  field  of  labor  in  which  he  was  to  attain  to  importance,  making  his  name 
one  well  known  in  insurance  circles  not  only  in  Canada  but  also  in  the  L^nited 
States.  In  1869  he  came  to  Montreal,  where  he  was  associated  in  business  with  his 
brother,  the  late  Walter  Burke,  then  general  manager  for  Canada  of  the  New 
York  Life  Insurance  Company.  On  the  death  of  the  latter  in  1879  the  com- 
pany retired  from  Canada  owing  to  differences  with  the  insurance  depart- 
ment at  Ottawa.  In  1883,  being  willing  to  conform  to  the  regulations  set  down 
by  this  department,  the  company  reentered  Canada,  and  Mr.  David  Burke  was 
appointed  general  manager.  In  1897  he  retired  from  his  connection  with  this 
firm  to  organize  an  insurance  company  of  his  own,  the  Royal  Victoria  Life  Insur- 
ance Company,  which  was  absorbed  by  the  Sun  Life  in  191 1.  He  thus  bent  his 
energies  to  administrative  direction  and  executive  control  and  his  opinions  were 
largely  accepted  as  authority  upon  matters  connected  with  the  complex  problems 
of  insurance  and  the  control  of  the  business.  In  1882  he  was  elected  an  associate 
of  the  British  Institute  of  Actuaries,  being  one  of  its  oldest  members,  and 
in  1897  was  made  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Statistical  Society  of  Great  Britain.  In 
1904  he  was  honored  with  election  to  the  vice  presidency  of  the  Economic  and 
Statistical  Society  of  Montreal  and  in  1906  was  chosen  president  of  the  Canadian 
Life  Insurance  Ofificers  Association.  For  two  years  he  held  the  presidency  of  the 
Life  Managers  Association  of  Canada,  a  bodv  formed  solelv  of  the  executive 


130  HISTORY  OF  AIONTREAL 

heads  of  insurance  companies  in  Canada,  each  company  being  represented  in  the 
association  by  only  one  member.  He  studied  every  phase  of  the  insurance  busi- 
ness with  a  thoroughness  that  made  his  opinions  standard,  and  he  was  the  author 
of  a  valuable  paper  published  in  1908  entitled  "Insurance  as  a  National  Economy." 
The  Montreal  Witness  spoke  of  him  as  one  "recognized  as  a  most  capable  insur- 
ance administrator,"  and  his  contemporaries  and  colleagues  speak  of  his  business 
ability  and  resourcefulness  in  terms  of  high  admiration. 

Mr.  Burke  was  married  in  1875  to  Miss  Rose  Maclear,  the  youngest  daughter 
of  the  late  Thomas  Maclear,  founder  of  the  Maclear  Publishing  Company  of 
Toronto,  and  they  were  parents  of  four  sons  and  two  daughters,  as  follows : 
Edmund  A.,  the  noted  vocalist ;  Louis,  of  New  York ;  Alan,  of  Boston ;  Maurice 
N.,  of  Montreal;  Mrs.  Fred  C.  Budden,  of  Montreal;  and  Miss  Marjorie  Burke, 
of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Burke  was  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club  and  in  religious  faith  an 
Anglican,  while  his  political  belief  placed  him  in  the  position  of  an  imperial  pro- 
tectionist. His  views  of  life  were  those  of  a  broad-minded  man  who  delved  deep 
into  the  questions  of  vital  importance  and  who  proved  himself  the  master  of  those 
forces  which  made  up  his  life's  experience. 


JAMES  JOHN  EDMUND  GUERIN,  M.  D.,  LL.  D.,  T.  C:  D.,  K.  C.  S.  G. 

Dr.  James  John  Edmund  Guerin,  medical  practitioner  and  educator,  and  an 
influential  figure  in  the  political  history  of  the  province,  having  served  with  dis- 
tinction as  a  member  of  the  Marchand  and  Parent  cabinets  and  later  as  mayor  of 
Montreal,  was  born  July  4,  1856,  in  the  city  which  is  still  his  place  of  residence,  a 
son  of  the  late  Thomas  Guerin,  C.  E.,  chief  hydraulic  engineer  of  the  department 
of  public  works,  Ottawa,  and  a  brother  of  the  Hon.  Edmund  Guerin,  one  of  the 
judges  of  the  superior  court,  Montreal.  Dr.  Guerin  made  his  studies  at  the  Alon- 
treal  College,  and  later  entered  McGill  University  for  the  purpose  of  pursuing  a 
course  in  medicine.  He  was  graduated  M.  D.,  C.  M.  in  1878,  and  has  since  engaged 
in  active  practice  in  his  native  city  where  he  has  also  done  important  hospital  work. 
He  is  the  president  of  the  medical  board  of  the  Hotel-Dieu  Hospital  and  one  of 
the  governors  of  the  Notre  Dame  Hospital;  in  educational  circles  he  is  well 
known  as  professor  of  clinical  medicine  in  Laval  University.  He  holds  to  the 
highest  professional  standards  of  ethics  and  enjoys  the  warmest  regard  of  fellow 
practitioners.  He  is  a  director  of  the  Royal  Edward  Institute  and  a  governor  of 
the  Victorian  Order  of  Nurses,  and  in  1909  he  was  appointed  a  member  of  the 
royal  commission  to  prevent  the  further  spread  of  tuberculosis. 

Capable  and  prominent  as  is  Dr.  Guerin  in  his  chosen  profession,  he  has  also 
became  equally  widely  known  in  connection  with  political  activity  and  has  done 
much  important  work.  In  1895  he  was  elected  president  of  the  St.  Patrick's 
Society  and  was  reelcted  in  1896  and  1897.  In  the  former  year  he  was  a  delegate 
to  the  Irish  National  Convention  at  Dublin.  In  October,  1895,  he  was  returned  to 
the  legislature  for  Montreal  in  the  liberal  interests  by  a  majority  of  twelve  hun- 
dred and  fifty-four.  In  1897  he  was  reelected  in  the  general  election  and  was  called 
to  the  Marchand  cabinet  without  portfolio  on  the  25th  of  May  of  that  year.    He 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  131 

was  a  minister  without  portfolio  in  the  Marchand  and  Parent  administrations  from 
1897  to  1904,  and  in  1901  was  appointed  member  of  the  coimcil  of  public  instruc- 
tion of  the  province  of  Quebec.  His  opinions  carried  weight  in  provincial  councils 
and  a  discussion  of  any  vital  question  with  him  at  once  indicated  how  widely  and 
thoroughly  he  was  informed  concerning  the  points  at  issue.  In  February,  19 10, 
as  the.  candidate  of  the  citizens'  party  he  was  elected  mayor  of  Montreal  by  a 
majority  of  twelve  thousand  nine  hundred  and  eighty-three  and  in  his  administra- 
tion sought  at  all  times  to  further  the  best  interests  of  the  city.  He  conducted  its 
civic  affairs  along  economical  lines  and  yet  never  fettered  municipal  progress  by 
a  narrow  conservatism.  He  represented  the  city  of  Montreal  at  the  funeral  of 
King  Edward  iri  London  in  1910  and  at  the  coronation  of  King  George  and  Queen 
Mary  in  191 1.  In  191 1  he  was  created  a  Knight  Commander  of  the  Order  of  St. 
Gregory  the  Great,  and  in  1912  he  received  the  degree  of  LL.  D.  from  Trinity 
College.  Dublin. 

In  1883  Dr.  Guerin  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  Carroll  O'Brien,  daughter  of 
the  late  Lion.  James  O'Brien;  she  died  in  1886.  Dr.  Guerin  resides  at  No.  4 
Edgehill  avenue.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  Aside 
from  serving  as  president  of  St.  Patrick's  Society  he  has  been  president  of  the 
Shamrock  Lacrosse  Club  and  of  many  other  organizations.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Mount  Royal  Club,  the  University  Club  and  the  Montreal  Jockey  Club.  His 
activity  along  various  important  lines  indicates  his  worth  and  value  as  a  citizen, 
and  his  indorsement  at  the  polls  testifies  to  the  confidence  reposed  in  him  by  his 
fellow  citizens.  Plis  ideals  of  citizenship  are  high,  while  in  his  professional  career 
he  manifests  the  keenest  appreciation  for  the  responsibilities  and  obligations  which 
devolve  upon  him. 


ANDREW  STUART  EWING. 

Andrew  Stuart  Ewing,  for  almost  half  a  century  one  of  the  best  known  busi- 
ness men  of  Montreal,  was  born  in  1838  at  Lisdillon  House,  Londonderry,  Ire- 
land, and  was  a  representative  of  an  old  family  of  Irish  origin,  his  parents  being 
Samuel  and  Margaret  (Hamilton)  Ewing,  who  crossed  the  Atlantic  to  Canada 
with  their  family  when  their  son,  Andrew,  was  seven  years  of  age.  He  was 
educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Montreal  and  in  i860  entered  into  partnership 
with  his  brother,  Samuel  H.  Ewing,  in  the  ownership  and  management  of  the 
extensive  coffee  and  spice  mills  formerly  owned  by  his  father,  who  founded 
the  business  in  1845.  I"  i860  the  firm  style  of  Samuel  Ewing  &  Sons  was 
assumed  and  in  1892,  after  the  retirement  of  Samuel  H.  Ewing,  Andrew  S. 
Ewing  became  sole  proprietor  of  the  business  which  was  conducted  at  No.  55 
Cote  street.  The  enterprise  was  one  of  extensive  proportions  and  yielded  a  sub- 
stantial profit  as  a  result  of  careful  management  and  wise  direction. 

During  the  last  fifteen  years  of  his  life  Mr.  Ewing  was  a  prominent  member 
of  the  Alontreal  Board  of  Trade  and  was  interested  in  its  various  projects  for 
promoting  the  material  progress  of  the  city  and  advancing  affairs  of  municipal 
and  civic  interest.  In  politics  he  was  a  conservative  and  a  strong  supporter  of 
the  national  policy. 


132  HISTORY  OF  AIONTREAL 

Mr.  Ewing  died  at  his  home  in  Montreal,  January  8,  1902,  and  was  survived 
by  his  widow  until  June,  191 3.  The  surviving  children  are  Andrew  Stuart  and 
Royal  L.  H.  Ewing  and  two  daughters,  Mrs.  Robert  Starke  and  Miss  Adelaide 
Ewing.  The  sons  are  members  of  the  firm  of  Ewing  &  Ewing,  real  estate  and 
insurance,  which  was  established  in  September,  1906,  by  the  brothers  in  con- 
nection with  A.  F.  Gault,  but  the  last  named  retired  from  the  firm  j\Iay  i,  1912. 
A.  Stuart  Ewing  is  a  member  of  the  Art  Association  of  2\Iontreal,  the  Canadian 
Club,  the  Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association,  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht 
Club,  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Manitou  Club  and  the. Park  Toboganning  Club,  of 
which  he  is  vice  president. 

Mr.  Royal  L.  H.  Ewing  is  a  member  of  the  Art  Association  of  Montreal,  the 
Montreal  and  Canadian  Clubs,  the  Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association,  the 
Mount  Royal  Lawn  Tennis  Club,  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club,  the  St. 
James  Club,  the  Manitou  Club  and  the  Park  Toboganning  Club.  The  sons  are 
worthy  successors  to  their  father,  not  only  in  business  activity  but  also  in  that 
business  integrity  for  which  the  family  name  has  always  stood. 


FRANK  RICHARDSON  ENGLAND,  M.  D.,  C.  M. 

Dr.  Frank  Richardson  England,  an  alumnus  of  Bishop's  College  of  ^Montreal 
and  now  w-ell  known  as  a  practical  educator  as  well  as  a  successful  practitioner, 
was  bom  August  21,  1862,  at  Cowansville,  province  of  Quebec,  and  is  the  eldest 
son  of  Francis  and  Jane  (Ruiter)  England,  of  Dunham,  Quebec.  The  family 
comes  of  L'nited  Empire  Loyalist  stock  and  the  parents  are  now  deceased. 

While  Dr.  England  acquired  his  early  education  at  Waterloo,  he  pursued  his 
medical  course  at  Bishop's  College  in  Montreal,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
with  the  class  of  1885,  the  degrees  of  M.  D.  and  C.  M.  being  then  conferred 
upon  him,  and  obtaining  the  Wood  and  Nelson  gold  medals.  He  was  professor 
of  diseases  of  children  at  Bishop's  College  in  1887  and  professor  of  surgery 
in  the  same  institution  in  1894.  In  1905  he  was  graduated  at  McGill  College 
(ad  eun).  The  profession  has  honored  him  with  official  distinction,  for  in  1906 
he  was  chosen  president  of  the  Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  Society  and  the 
following  year  was  vice  president  of  the  Canadian  Medical  Association.  He  is  a 
governor  and  fellow  of  the  American  College  of  Surgeons.  He  is  now,  1914, 
surgeon  of  the  Western  Hospital  at  Montreal  and  in  his  surgical  practice  dis- 
plays comprehensive  knowledge  of  anatomy,  of  the  component  parts  of  the  human 
body  and  of  the  onslaughts  made  upon  it  by  disease  or  left  to  it  as  a  legacy  by 
progenitors.  He  is  cool  and  collected  at  critical  moments  and  combines  strength 
with  tenderness,  seeking  ever  the  ultimate  good  of  patient  and  of  profession. 

Dr.  England  was  married  twice.  In  1887  he  wedded  Carrie  Ann,  youngest 
daughter  of  the  late  R.  L.  Galer,  of  Dunham.  Following  her  death  Dr.  England 
married  Octavia  Grace  Ritchie,  B,  A.,  M.  D.,  of  Montreal,  the  youngest  daughter 
of  the  late  Thomas  W.  Ritchie,  Q.  C.  She  was  born  in  Montreal  and  became  a 
student  in  McGill  University,  winning  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Arts,  together 
with  first  class  honors  in  natural  science  in  1883.  She  was  afterward  graduated 
from  Bishop's  College,  Lennoxville,  Quebec,  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  and  C.  M. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  133 

in  1891.  She  was  one  of  the  first  class  of  ladies  to  graduate  from  McGill  and 
tlie  first  woman  to  receive  a  medical  degree  in  the  province  of  Quebec.  Mrs. 
England  took  a  scholarship  at  Kingston  and  later  pursued  a  post-graduate  course 
at  Vienna,  Austria.  She  has  done  much  to  arouse  public  feeling  in  favor  of  the 
medical  education  of  women  in  Quebec  and  was  secretary  of  the  organization 
called  the  Donalda  Students  to  procure  this  concession.  She  is  now  a  governor 
of  the  Western  Hospital  and  was  assistant  gynecologist  there  from  1894  until 
1896.  She  has  lectured  on  medical  subjects  before  the  Women's  Club  and  tlie 
Young  Women's  Christian  Association.  She  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal 
Medico-Chirurgical  Society  and  was  a  delegate  to  the  Quinquennial  Congress  of 
the  National  Council  of  Women  at  Toronto  in  1909.  She  is  president  of  the 
local  council  of  the  National  Council  of  Women.  In  1897  s'""^  became  the 
v.'ife  of  Dr.  Frank  Richardson  England  of  Montreal.  Both  continue  actively 
in  the  practice  of  the  profession,  and  each  has  a  large  clientage,  indicating  the 
prominence  to  which  they  have  attained. 


WILLIAM  JOHN  WHITE. 

William  John  White,  whose  autliorship  no  less  than  his  practice  has  gained 
him  eminence  and  success,  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  foremost  representatives  of 
the  Montreal  bar.  Contemporaneous  writers  pronounce  upon  him  high  encomiums 
for  his  contributions  to  legal  as  well  as  to  general  literature.  A  native  of  Peter- 
boro,  Ontario,  he  was  born  January  29,  1861,  a  son  of  the  late 'Richard  White, 
D.  C.  L.,  and  Jean  (Riddel)  White.  After  completing  his  studies  in  the  Mon- 
treal high  school  he  entered  McGill  L^niversity,  where  he  pursued  a  classical 
and  legal  course,  winning  the  B.  A.  degree  in  1881,  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of 
Civil  Law  in  1882,  while  in  1885  the  Master  of  Arts  degree  was  conferred  upon 
him  and  in  1902  that  of  Doctor  of  Civil  Law.  He  completed  his  legal  studies 
at  the  Sorbonne  in  Paris  and  in  1883  entered  upon  the  active  work  of  the  pro- 
fession as  an  advocate.  He  has  since  successfully  practiced  and  was  created 
king's  counsel  in  1899.  He  is  now  senior  partner  of  the  law  firm  of  White  & 
Buchanan  and  is  recognized  as  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  Montreal  bar.  In  1901 
he  was  made  batonnier.  His  law  practice  has  been  of  an  important  as  well  as  of 
an  extensive  character.  He  was  retained  as  counsel  by  the  Mexican  government 
in  the  boundary  dispute  between  the  L^nited  States  and  Mexico  in  191 1.  His  high 
standing  in  his  profession  and  his  thorough  understanding  of  vital  and  significant 
governmental  problems  have  brought  him  into  prominence  in  various  international 
aft'airs.  He  ser\ed  as  a  member  of  the  boaid  of  investigation  appointed  by  the 
minister  of  labor  in  the  United  Shoe  Machinery  case,  and  his  opinions  have 
been  sought  on  variotis  questions  of  far-reaching  importance.  He  represented 
the  Montreal  bar  at  the  annual  meeting  of  the  New  York  State  Bar  Association  at 
Albany  in  1902  and  at  the  Illinois  State  Bar  Association  in  1906,  and  on  the 
latter  occasion  read  a  paper  on  The  Law  of  Quebec.  He  is  the  author  of  a 
treatise  on  Canadian  Company  Law  which  was  published  in  1901. 

Aside  from  his  profession  Mr.  White  has  been  connected  with  several  business 
enterprises  and  public  projects  of  importance.     In   191 1   he  became  one  of  the 


134  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

directors  of  the  Sherwin-Williams  Company  of  Canada,  and  from  1906  to  1908  he 
served  as  alderman  of  the  city.  He  is  a  director  and  was  elected  the  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  new  Technical  School  of  Montreal.  He  was  one  of  the  founders  of 
the  Society  of  Historical  Studies  and  was  chosen  to  the  presidency  of  that  organi- 
zation for  1891-2.  He  was  likewise  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Society  of 
Canadian  Literature  and  of  the  Canadian  branch  of  the  American  Folk  Lore 
Society.  From  1889  until  1891  he  published  a  monthly  magazine  known  as 
Canadiana  and  Dr.  John  Reade  termed  him  "A  writer  of  taste  and  force,"  while 
the  Montreal  Witness  spoke  of  him  as  "A  thoroughly  capable  man."  Mr.  White 
belongs  to  a  number  of  the  leading  clubs,  including  the  St.  James,  University, 
Outremont  Golf  and  the  Montreal  Jockey  Clubs  of  Montreal ;  the  Rideau  Club 
of  Ottawa ;  the  Quebec  Garrison  Club ;  and  the  Constitutional  Club  of  London, 
England.  It  is  in  his  law  practice,  however,  that  he  has  won  the  recognition 
that  has  placed  him  in  the  present  enviable  position  which  he  occupies.  He  has 
ever  in  his  practice  been  faithful  to  his  clients,  fair  to  his  adversaries  and  candid 
to  the  court.  In  many  cases  with  which  he  has  been  connected  he  has  exhibited 
the  possession  of  every  faculty  of  which  a  lawyer  may  be  proud — skill  in  presenta- 
tion of  his  own  evidence,  extraordinary  ability  in  cross  examination,  strong  grasp 
of  every  feature  of  the  case,  power  to  secure  favorable  rulings  from  the  judge, 
unusual  familiarity  with  human  nature  and  untiring  industry.  These  qualities 
have  gained  him  notable  success  in  law  practice. 


ROBERT  REFORD. 


At  the  time  of  his  death  half  a  century  was  drawing  to  its  close  since  the 
subject  of  this  sketch,  the  late  Robert  Reford,  first  established  a  commercial 
connection  with  Montreal.  The  outstanding  position  which  Mr.  Reford  occu- 
pied in  the  life  of  the  city  was  the  natural  outcome  of  qualities  which  quickly 
bring  men  to  be  recognized  as  a  source  of  strength  to  whatever  spheres  in 
which  they  may  move.  He  was  a  man  of  very  pronounced  ability,  tenacious- 
ness  of  purpose,  firmness  of  decision  and  of  forceful  character  but  by  those 
who  knew  him  best  he  will  be  remembered,  chiefly  for  those  high  standards 
of  honor  which  were  his  for  the  straightforwardness  and  uprightness  of  all 
his  dealings  with  his  fellowmen  and  for  the  strong  sense  of  justice  which 
throughout  his  long  career  he  was  so  often  called  upon  to  exercise. 

Robert  Reford  was  born  at  Moylena,  which  for  generations  had  been  the 
family  seat  near  Antrim,  Ireland,  in  1831  and  was  a  lad  of  fourteen  when  in 
1845  he  came  with  his  mother,  three  brothers  and  one  sister  to  make  his  home 
in  Canada.  The  family  arrived  at  Quebec  the  night  of  the  great  fire  when  the 
lower  town  was  almost  completely  destroyed.  After  a  very  brief  stay  in  Mon- 
treal they  settled  in  Toronto,  where  Mr.  Reford  completed  his  education.  He 
was,  however,  still  but  a  boy  when  he  became  engaged  in  business  and,  though 
he  was  indentured  to  work  for  his  first  employer  for  two  years  at  a  fixed  salary, 
it  is  indicative  of  the  great  natural  capacity  which  he  possessed  and  of  his 
steadiness  and  alertness  in  business,  that  at  the  end  of  the  first  year  his  salary 
was  increased  fivefold  and  again   at  the  end  of   the  second  year  that  amount 


KdHKRT    KKFOKl) 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  137 

was  doubled.  In  three  years  time,  still  barely  on  the  threshold  of  manhood, 
Robert  Re  ford  had  proved  his  ability  to  such  an  extent  as  to  be  offered  a 
partnership  with  William  Strachan  in  a  wholesale  and  retail  grocery  business 
which  the  latter  was  about  to  open.  This  offer  was  accepted  but  the  firm  dis- 
solved after  a  few  years  duration  and  Mr.  Reford  started  a  business  on  his 
own  account,  which  he  continued  to  conduct  alone  for  several  years,  only  taking 
Richard  Dunbar  as  a  partner  when  he  acquired,  by  purchase,  from  William 
Ross,  another  large  wholesale  business  of  the  same  nature.  The  two  businesses 
were  run  separately,  one  as  Reford  &  Dunbar,  the  other  in  partnership  with 
the  late  John  Dillon,  as  Reford  &  Dillon,  wholesale  grocers  and  merchants.  It 
would  indeed  have  been  strange  if  a  man,  imbued  with  the  spirit  of  enter- 
prise and  courage,  as  was  Mr.  Reford  to  a  very  remarkable  degree,  had  been 
content  to  remain  without  some  wider  scope  for  his  abilities  than  that  offered, 
even  by  a  successful  wholesale  business.  It  was  not  long  before  he  took  the 
initial  step  which  was  to  lead  him  so  far  along  the  path  of  that  \ast  question  of 
transportation. 

Mr.  Reford  was  one  of  the  pioneer  workers  in  this  direction,  entering  the 
carrying  trade,  in  the  early  '60s.  He  amassed  a  considerable  fortune  during  the 
forty  odd  years  he  was  engaged  in  shipping  pursuits  but  never  did  he  lose 
sight  of  the  fact  that  Canada's  interests  as  a  whole  are  intimately  and  indivisibly 
bound  up  in  every  phase  of  the  shipping  industry,  nor  did  he  ever  fail  to  con- 
sider and  work  towards  the  benefit  of  those  wider  interests  of  his  adopted 
country. 

The  operation  of  vessels  on  the  Great  Lakes  was  the  beginning  of  Mr. 
Reford's  shipping  enterprises.  In  i860  he  equipped  the  schooner  "Seagull" 
and  sent  her  with  a  general  cargo  of  Canadian  produce  to  Port  Natal,  South 
Africa,  thus  being  the  first  man  to  undertake  direct  shipping  connection  between 
Canada  and  that  part  of  the  world. 

In  1865,  associated  with  his  old  friend  William  Ross,  the  firm  opened  a 
branch  in  Montreal.  This  was  the  commencement  of  the  present  Montreal 
firm.  The  business  was  now  assuming  large  trading  proportions  with  Great ' 
Britain,  the  United  States,  China,  Japan,  the  West  Indies  and  other  foreign 
countries ;  nevertheless  it  soon  began  to  confine  itself  more  strictly  to  ocean 
shipping.  The  firm  became  agents  and  part  owners  of  the  Thomson  and  Donald- 
son lines.  When  the  story  of  the  growth  of  Canada's  shipping  comes  to  be 
written  the  name  of  Robert  Reford  will  loom  up  largely  on  its  pages.  Mr. 
Dillon  severed  his  connection  with  Mr.  Reford  in  the  shipping  business  in  1897 
and  it  was  then  that  the  present  company,  the  Robert  Reford  Co.,  Ltd.,  was 
incorporated,  with  very  extensive  steamship  services  of  six  different  lines  to 
many  of  the  world's  principal  ports  and  with  branch  offices  established  in 
Quebec,  Toronto,  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  and  Portland,  Maine.  Canada 
owes  not  a  little  to  Mr.  Reford  for  contributing  so  materially  to  the  opening 
up  of  new  markets  for  her  produce  along  the  east  coast  of  Great  Britain,  and 
also  for  the  building  up  of  further  valuable  trade  connections  by  giving  direct 
shipping  comnumication  between  Canada  and  the  Mediterranean  ports.  Every 
aspect  of  the  carrying  trade  had  been  studied  by  him  with  that  thoroughness 
and  regard  for  detail  which  characterized  the  man  in  everything  he  undertook. 
His  opinions  and  advice  on  shipping  and  on  transportation  generally  were  appre- 


138  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ciated  as  those  of  an  expert,  and  sought  after  by  people  from  all  over  the 
Dominion. 

Apart  from  his  shipping  enterprises,  which  remained  the  main  issue  of 
his  commercial  life,  the  most  important  of  his  other  business  activities  was  his 
interest  in  the  Mount  Royal  Milling  and  Manufacturing  Company.  Mr.  Reford 
founded  the  company  in  1882  for  the  milling  of  rice,  with  mills  in  Montreal 
and  \'ictoria,  British  Columbia,  and  acted  as  its  president  up  to  the  time  of 
his  death.  He  was  also  president  for  many  years  of  the  Charlemagne  &  Lac 
Ouareau  Lumber  Company,  president  of  the  York  Lumber  Company,  presi- 
dent of  the  Crown  Trust  Company  and  vice  president  of  the  Labrador  Com- 
pany; and  a  director  of  the  Bank  of  Toronto,  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods 
Milling  Company  and  of  the  Baton  Manufacturing  Company. 

From  190 1  to  1905  Air.  Reford  was  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of 
Harbour  Commissioners  and  in  1903  was  a  delegate  to  the  fifth  congress  of  the 
Chambers  of  Commerce  of  the  Empire,  but  no  doubt  his  chief  public  service 
was  rendered  first  as  a  member  and  then  as  chairman  of  the  Royal  Commis- 
sion on  Transportation.  1904-1905.  The  work  involved  in  this  important  com- 
mission necessitated  its  members  visiting  every  Canadian  port,  from  the  Atlantic 
to  the  Pacific,  with  a  view  to  recommending  all  possible  desirable  improvements 
for  the  increase  of  and  facilitating  the  transportation  trade  appertaining  to  the 
Dominion,  both  ocean  and  inland.  The  commission  sent  in  an-  exhaustive  report 
to  the  government  in  December,  1905,  based  on  very  thorough  personal  obser- 
vations and  study,  together  with  the  result  of  carefully  gathered  evidence  of 
those  residents  in  the  difi^erent  sections  of  Canada  who  were  best  fitted  to  judge. 
It  strongly  advocated  the  building  of  the  Georgian  Bay  canal  and  the  forma- 
tion of  national  ports  on  the  Atlantic  and  Pacific,  the  St.  Lawrence  and  the 
Great  Lakes.  Further,  it  was  urged  that  there  should  be  a  fast  all-round-the- 
world  British  steamship  service  which  would  bind  together  more  closely  all 
portions  of  the  empire,  by  taking  advantage  of  the  shorter  ocean  route  which 
services  between  Canada  and  Europe,  via  Great  Britain  on  the  east,  and  Asia 
and  the  Orient  on  the  west,  could  offer,  if  Halifa.x  and  Galway  were  used  as 
the  termini  for  the  Atlantic  coasts.  Mr.  Reford's  work  on  this  commission  was 
stupendous,  but  none  of  it  was  done  in  the  light  of  the  public  eye.  Few 
knew  of  the  great  personal  sacrifices  which  it  demanded  and  which  were 
willingly  made  by  this  man  of  then  seventy-four  years.  In  fact  all  his  life  Mr. 
Reford  avoided  rather  than  sought  any  kind  of  prominence  or  recognition. 

Many  of  Montreal's  educational  and  charitable  institutions  looked  to  him 
for  guidance  and  help  and  whether  the  requests  came  to  him  for  his  advice,  or 
for  financial  support,  provided  he  was  in  sympathy  with  the  object,  to  either 
his  response  was  equally  ready  and  generous.  He  was  a  governor  of  McGill 
L'niversity  and  was  the  first  to  respond  to  an  appeal  for  aid  by  donating  fifty 
thousand  dollars  towards  a  fund  for  the  increase  of  salaries  of  the  professional 
staff.  In  191 1  when  the  cam])aign  for  the  general  funds  of  the  university 
was  made,  it  found  in  him  one  of  its  leading  spirits  and  most  ardent  supporters. 
Again  he  gave  proof  of  his  faith  in  the  higher  education  of  men's  minds  as 
being  an  asset  of  immeasurable  national  value  and  set  the  inspiring  example 
of  a  one  hundred  thousand  dollars  contribution. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  139 

Could  we  mention  all  the  hospitals,  homes  for  the  aged  poor  and  for  little 
children,  and  in  fact  every  kind  of  philanthropic  institution  which  knew  and 
enjoyed  his  generous  help,  the  list  would  indeed  be  a  long  one  and  few  such 
in  Montreal  omitted  from  it.  Some '  of  his  largest  donations  were  to  the 
Montreal  General  Hosi)ital  of  which  he  was  a  life  governor  and  to  which  in 
recent  years  he  gave  thirty-five  thousand  dollars;  to  the  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association  he  gave  ten  thousand  dollars,  and  a  like  sum  to  the  Diocesan 
Theological  College. 

In  manner  the  late  Robert  Reford  was  somewhat  abrupt  but  this  arose 
inirely  from  that  eagerness  and  energy  which  every  move  of  the  body  seemed 
to  betray,  and  not  from  any  unkindly  feeling.  He  was  an  exceptionally  clear 
thinker,  his  mind  worked  with  precision;  his  plans  were  made  and  carried 
out  with  imvarying  promptitude  and  method  which  perhaps  supply  the  key 
to  his  amazing  capacity  for  the  accomplishment  of  work.  Self  indulgence  knew 
no  place  with  him  and  to  the  end  he  adhered  to  his  stern  habits  of  life,  grant- 
ing himself  but  little  respite  and  no  holidays.  From  the  age  of  twenty-two 
when  he  was  made  captain  of  No.  4  Company  in  the  Queen's  Own  Rifles  his  inter- 
est in  civic  affairs  never  waned.  He  fought  untiringly  for  reforms,  often  with  a 
lack  of  support  which  would  have  discouraged  most  men,  but  this  North  of 
Ireland  man  was  not  of  such  stufif.  He  was  of  the  kind  which  the  hand  of 
Providence  seems  to  have  scattered  far  from  their  native  shores,  over  the  face 
of  the  British  Empire  to  give  it  that  salt,  without  which  it  could  have  no 
savor. 

Mr.  Reford  was  twice  married ;  first  to  Miss  Margaret  McCord,  daughter 
of  A.  T.  McCord,  chamberlain  and  treasurer  of  the  city  of  Toronto,  who  died 
within  a  year  after  the  marriage.  In  1866  he  married  Miss  Katherine  S.  Drum- 
mond,  daughter  of  Andrew  Drummond  of  Stirling,  Scotland.  Mrs.  Reford 
survives  him,  as  do  five  of  his  children,  they  being:  Robert  Wilson  Reford, 
president  of  the  Robert  Reford  Co.,  Ltd.;  A.  D.  Reford;  L.  L.  Reford,  M.  D. ; 
Mrs.  H.  B.  .MacDougall;  and  ]\Iiss  Kate  Reford. 

Mr.  Reford  was  a  member  of  St.  George's  church  and  a  stanch  believer 
in  the  power  of  the  church  to  be  a  light  unto  the  lives  of  men.  In  all  things 
he  acted  as  he  believed  and  so  the  community  is  bereft  of  a  personality  of 
strength,  of  courage  and  of  truth. 


MORRIS  STANSFELD  BLAIKLOCK. 

Morris  Stansfeld  Blaiklock  entered  the  service  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway 
over  thirty  years  ago  and  since  1907  has  held  the  position  of  engineer  of  main- 
tenance and  survey  in  connection  with  this  road.  He  is  a  son  of  the  late  Fred- 
erick William  Blaiklock.  who  died  in  1900,  and  Elizabeth  (Whittaker)  Blaiklock, 
who  died  in  1889.  The  father  was  public  land  surveyor  and  head  of  the  Cadas- 
tral Bureau  of  Montreal.  The  family  has  long  been  prominent  in  engineering 
circles,  the  grandfather  of  our  subject.  Captain  Blaiklock,  having  been  one  of  the 
Royal  Engineers.  A  brother  of  our  subject  was  the  late  Major  W.  F.  Blaiklock, 
of  the  Royal  Scots.    The  family  is  of  English  origin. 


140  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Morris  S.  Blaiklock  was  born  in  the  city  of  Quebec  on  the  19th  of  July,  1859. 
He  pursued  his  early  education  in  a  private  school  in  Quebec  and  upon  the 
removal  of  the  parents  to  Montreal  in  1870  attended  the  high  school  in  this  city, 
rounding  out  his  course  by  receiving  private  tuition.  He  then  studied  architecture 
for  three  years  and  in  1879  entered  the  employ  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  as 
assistant  engineer,  remaining  in  that  position  until  1889,  when  he  became  resident 
engineer  for  the  St.  Clair  Tunnel  Company  in  connection  with  the  same  road, 
holding  this  office  until  1892.  In  that  year  he  was  promoted  to  the  position  of 
inspector,  continuing  as  such  until  1897,  when  he  became  engineer  of  the  eastern 
division  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway.  In  1902  he  was  appointed  superintendent 
of  the  eastern  division  and  in  1907  engineer  of  maintenance  and  survey  for  the 
system.  He  has  held  this  latter  office  ever  since.  He  is  one  of  the  foremost  men 
in  his  line,  basing  his  success  upon  native  ability,  a  vast  experience  and  executive 
force  of  rare  quality. 

On  November  12,  1889,  Mr.  Blaiklock  married  Miss  Mary  Elizabeth  Tunstall, 
eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Gabriel  C.  Tunstall,  of  Ste.  Anne  de  Bellevue,  province 
of  Quebec.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Blaiklock  have  two  children,  Jessie  B.  and  Stansfeld. 
The  family  residence  is  at  No.  405  Mackay  street,  Montreal.  Mr.  Blaiklock  is 
a  member  of  the  Church  of  St.  James  the  Apostle  (Episcopalian).  Politically 
he  is  an  independent  conservative. 


'     ALEXANDER  MICHAUD. 

Progressive  citizenship  in  the  twentieth  century  finds  a  prominent  exemplar 
in  Alexander  Michaud,  mayor  of  the  city  of  Alaisonneuve,  who  is  an  active 
factor  in  public  affairs  and  business  life  of  the  city.  His  clear  insight,  his 
keen  sagacity  and  his  public  spirit  have  made  his  influence  a  potent  factor  in 
bringing  about  not  only  Canada's  commercial  progress,  but  also  her  moral  uplift. 
He  might  be  termed  a  practical  idealist,  for,  while  he  strives  for  the  better- 
ment of  many  civic  and  commercial  conditions,  the  methods  which  he  employs 
take  cognizance  of  present  day  situations  and  opportunities  and  present  none 
of  the  impractical  views  of  the  dreamer.  In  a  word,  he  is  a  man  of  action 
rather  than  of  theory. 

Mr.  Michaud  is  a  representative  of  one  of  the  old  French  families  of 
Quebec,  while  the  maternal  line  is  of  an  unadulterated  Irish  strain.  He  was 
born  January  27,  1868,  at  Back  River,  Quebec,  a  son  of  J.  B.  and  Norah  (Con- 
nolly) Michaud.  His  education  was  acquired  at  the  Christian  Brothers  school 
and  in  the  Plateau  Academy  of  Montreal.  In  1881  he  entered  the  employ  of 
his  father,  who  was  a  well  known  miller  and  flour  merchant,  remaining  with 
him  until  1885.  During  that  period  Alexander  Michaud,  while  acting  prin- 
cipally in  a  clerical  capacity,  also  acquired  a  good  general  knowledge  of  the 
business  in  its  various  departments.  In  1885  he  accepted  a  position  with  .\.  L. 
Hurtubise  &  Company,  grain  merchants  of  Montreal,  with  whom  he  remained 
for  several  years  in  the  capacity  of  bookkeeper  and  confidential  clerk.  His 
ability  gained  him  recognition,  followed  by  promotion,  and  at  the  time  he 
resigned  his  position  in  that  house  he  was  manager  of  the  business. 


I 


ALEXANDER  MICHAUD 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  143 

It  was  then  that  Mr.  Michaiid  organized  the  firm  of  AJichaud  Brothers 
&  Company,  which  soon  took  a  foremost  position  among  the  leading  wholesale 
grain  and  export  firms  of  'Montreal.  Its  existence  covered  a  period  of  about 
fifteen  years  and  an  extensive  business  was  conducted,  constituting  another 
forward  step  in  the  career  of  Alexander  Michaud.  However,  recognizing 
the  fact  that  the  field  of  real-estate  activity  and  land  speculation  in  Montreal 
afforded  great  opportunity  for  profitable  investment,  he  withdrew  from  active 
connection  with  the  grain  trade  and  entered  the  real-estate  business.  It  is 
unusual  for  a  man  who  has  been  so  long  identified  with  one  line  of  business 
to  make  so  radical  a  change,  but  the  subsequent  success  of  Mr.  Michaud  is 
indicative  of  his  splendid  business  foresight  and  capability.  The  success  that 
he  has  achieved  in  the  real-estate  business  has  been  substantial,  is  well  deserved 
and  represents  methods  that  have  lent  dignity  to  the  undertaking.  There  are 
few,  if  any,  who  have  more  intimate  or  comprehensive  knowledge  of  realty 
values  or  wliose  judgment  is  more  to  be  relied  upon  and  these  facts  have 
served  to  bring  him  an  extensive  and   desirable  clientage. 

In  connection  with  his  public  career  a  Montreal  paper  has  said:  "Perhaps 
the  field  in  which  Mr.  Michaud  was  best  known  to  the  citizens  of  Montreal 
is  political.  He  was  an  alderman  and  was  president  of  the  finance  committee 
of  Maisonneuve  from  1905  to  1909  and  was  elected  mayor  by  acclamation  three 
times  in  succession.  During  this  time  Maisonneuve  has  made  those  wonderful 
strides  in  growth  which  have  been  the  admiration  of  the  entire  country  and 
have  placed  herself  on  a  footing  which  is  attracting  the  attention  of  the  entire 
world.  The  part  played  in  this  great  advance  in  manufacturing  and  com- 
merce by  the  city  is  not  a  little  due  to  the  energy  and  foresight  of  her  mayor, 
who  has  brought  his  business  acumen  and  farsighted  commercial  judgment 
into  play  in  running  the  civic  side  of  affairs,  the  same  as  he  did  as  a  merchant 
or  miller.  Mr.  Michaud  prefers  to  talk  about  Maisonneuve  rather  than  about 
himself,  about  the  opportunities  there  are  there  for  capital,  the  splendid  loca- 
tions for  factories  and  the  many  other  inducements  which  have  made  the  city 
one  of  the  leaders  in  commercial  advancement  during  the  past  five  years.  It  is 
an  interesting  subject  and  more  Aladdinlike  than  Africa  diamond  mines  or 
the  gold  strewn  coasts  of  Alaska."  It  may  be  mentioned  here  that  Maison- 
neuve, though  surrounded  by  the  city  of  Alontreal,  is  an  entirely  separate  city, 
having  its  own  autonomy.. 

Perhaps  the  most  unique  point  in  Mr.  Midland's  public  career  is  its  cause. 
Like  many  other  men  who  had  been  similarly  attracted  to  that  locality,  Mr. 
Michaud  took  up  his  residence  in  Maisonneuve  but  with  neither  time  nor  inclina- 
tion for  public  office.  The  city  at  that  period  had  a  population  of  seven  thou- 
sand. Twenty-four  liquor  licenses  had  been  issued  and  the  town,  in  modern 
parlance,  was  "wide  open."  It  was  a  great  rendezvous  for  hundreds  of  people 
from  Montreal  who  would  go  down  there  on  Sundays,  the  open  saloons  serving 
as  a  great  attraction.  This  disregard  of  the  law  and  the  undesirable  notoriety 
it  gave  the  town  aroused  the  indignation  of  the  better  class  of  citizens,  who, 
however,  were  powerless,  owing  to  the  inactivity  of  those  who  were  in  charge 
of  the  city  government.  Mr.  Michaud  was  one  who  set  about  to  bring  order 
out  of  chaos  and  while  his  first  article  in  the  local  papers  attracted  attention, 
his  second  and  subsequent  ones  certainly  aroused  the  opposition  of  the  lawless 


14-t  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

element  whose  arrogance  had  so  long  held  sway.  Personal  violence  was  threat- 
ened Mr.  Michaud  and  his  residence  was  attacked  by  a  mob  that  broke  every 
window  within  reach.  Missiles  of  every  description  were  hurled  inside.  This 
cowardly  attack  instead  of  intimidating  Mr.  Michaud,  only  spurred  him  on  to 
further  action  and  showed  that  the  Irish  blood  in  him  could  mean  fight — not 
fight  in  the  brutal  sense  of  the  mob  but  with  that  courage  that  comes  of  honest 
conviction  combined  with  fearlessness.  In  the  face  of  such  bitter  opposition 
Mr.  Michaud  became  a  candidate  for  alderman,  was  elected  and  wielded  such 
an  influence  in  favor  of  good  government  and  progress  that  from  the  time 
he  entered  politics  to  the  present  he  has  made  a  most  creditable  record.  No 
citizen  of  Maisonneuve  has  worked  so  incessantly  or  taken  greater  pride  in  what 
has  been  accomplished.  That  city  today,  with  forty  thousand  population,  con- 
tains but  nineteen  licensed  saloons,  all  conducted  under  strict  observance  of 
the  law.  He  is,  indeed,  a  resourceful  man  and  in  the  management  of  public 
affairs  displays  the  same  spirit  of  careful  watchfulness  and  wise  control  that  he 
does  in  conducting  his  private  interests.  He  was  named  by  the  provincial 
government  a  member  of  the  Metropolitan  Parks  commission  of  IMontreal,  of 
which  body  Sir  William  Van  Home  is  president. 

In  1909  Mr.  Michaud  was  the  chief  factor  in  the  organization  of  the  Domin- 
ion Light,  Heat  &  Power  Company  and  during  the  two  years  of  its  successful 
operation,  before  being  absorbed  by  the  Montreal  Public  Service  Corpora- 
tion, he  was  prominently  connected  with  its  management.  He  is  a  man  but 
little  past  middle  age  and  his  whole  capital  when  starting  in  life  was  energy 
and  ambition,  yet  he  has  been  highly  successful,  not  only  in  the  way  of  win- 
ning prosperity,  Imt  also  in  valuable  service  to  the  city  and  province.  He 
gets  much  out  of  life  in  comfort  and  pleasure  and  has  never  lived  solely  to 
accumulate  wealth,  but  has  ever  been  a  lover  of  nature  and  of  outdoor  life  and 
it  is  only  severe  weather  that  prevents  him  from  enjoying  the  four  and  a  half 
mile  walk  daily  from  his  office  to  his  home.  In  the  latter  his  greatest  interest 
centers  and  he  is  always  hapjiiest  when  in  the  company  of  his  family.  Mr. 
Michaud  was  married  February  21,  1898,  to  Miss  Marie  \'irolle  and  to  them 
have  been  born  four  children:  Margaret,  Paul,  Germaine  and  Alexander.  Mr. 
•Michaud  is  an  indulgent  father  and  the  comrade  of  his  children.  For  a  num- 
ber of  years  he  has  spent  the  summers  with  his  family  at  Old  Orchard,  Maine. 


JOHN  MILNE  BROWNING. 

In  the  later  vears  of  his  life  John  AlihiL-  Urowning  Ii\ed  retired  in  Montreal. 
He  was  of  Scotch  birth,  a  native  of  Edinburgh,  Ixirn  in  June,  1826.  His  father, 
Matthew  Llrowning,  died  when  the  son  was  a  young  man  and  the  latter,  who  had 
been  educated  in  the  schools  of  his  native  country,  came  to  Canada  in  1852,  when 
twenty-six  years  of  age.  He  loc.-ited  at  I'leanlL-irnois,  where  he  continued  until 
'^^73  and  then  removed  to  Montreal,  where  he  resided  tin-ough  the  succeeding 
fifteen  years.  In  1888  he  went  to  ISritish  Columbia,  where  he  lived  for  eleven 
years,  but  on  the  expiration  of  that  period  returned  to  Montreal,  where  lie  spent 
his  remaining  days  in  well  earned  and  honcirable  retirement   from  business.     He 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  .  145 

had  been  a  land  commissioner  and  was  also  connected  with  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railway  Townsite  Company.  He  displayed  excellent  business  ability  in  that 
connection  and  handled  important  realty  interests. 

In  1855  •^■'-  IJrowning  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Magdeline  H.  Norval, 
born  in  1833,  •"  lieauharnois,  Quebec,  a  daughter  of  R.  H.  Norval,  who  came 
from  Edinburgh  when  twenty-one  years  of  age  and  remained  thereafter  a  resi- 
dent of  Canada  until  his  death  in  1856.  His  daughter,  Mrs.  Browning,  has  seen 
Montreal  develop  from  a  comparatively  small  place  into  a  wonderful  city,  being 
ever  an  interested  witness  of  the  changes  which  have  occurred.  It  was  on  tiie 
20th  of  December.  igo6,  that  Mr.  Browning  was  called  from  this  life  and  his 
loss  was  mourned  in  the  various  localities  where  he  was  well  and  favorably 
known.  He  was  a  member  of  a  number  of  clubs  and  won  popularity  in  those 
organizations.  His  public  spirit  found  tangible  expression  in  many  ways  and  his 
religious  faith  was  evidenced  in  his  membership  in  the  Crescent  Street  Presby- 
terian church.  His  life  was  honorable  and  upright  at  all  times  and  he  left  behind 
him  an  untarnished  name. 


JAMES  POWER  CLEGHORN. 

Prominent  for  many  years  among  the  merchants  of  Montreal  was  James 
Power  Cleghorn  and  etjually  well  was  he  known  through  his  support  of  charitable 
and  philanthropic  projects  and  his  cooperation  in  affairs  of  public  benefit.  He 
was  born  in  Montreal,  October  31,  1830,  and  his  life  record  covered  the  interven- 
ing years  to  the  14th  of  December,  191 1,  when  he  passed  away.  He  was  a  son 
of  Robert  Cleghorn,  who  came  to  Montreal  at  a  very  early  day.  The  latter 
married  Miss  Eliza  Power,  a  native  of  Sorel,  i^rovince  of  Quebec,  and  whose 
father  was  connected  with  the  commissary  department  of  the  army.  Their  family 
numbered  ten  children.  Robert  Cleghorn  was  a  public-spirited  citizen  and  a  man 
of  domestic  tastes,  and  the  influences  of  a  home  of  culture  and  refinement  left 
their  impress  upon  the  life  of  James  Power  Cleghorn,  who  with  the  passing 
years  rose  to  prominence  along  the  different  lines  in  which  he  e.xerted  his  activities. 

He  was  educated  at  Howden  &  Taggart's  Academy  and  entered  commercial 
circles  as  junior  clerk  in  the  mercantile  house  of  J.  G.  Mackenzie  &  Company 
of  Montreal  in  1853.  In  that  establishment  he  gradually  worked  his  way  upward 
until  admitted  to  partnership  in  1864,  after  which  he  had  largely  control  of  the 
business,  which  was  extensive  in  proportion  and  which  ranked  with  the  oldest 
mercantile  liouses  of  the  city.  Mr.  Cleghorn,  however,  did  not  confine  his 
efforts  entirely  to  one  line.  In  fact  he  became  recognized  as  a  power  in  other 
business  connections,  both  commercial  and  financial,  and  was  elected  to  the  direc- 
torate of  the  Intercolonial  Coal  Company,  the  Sun  Life  Assurance  Company  of 
Canada,  the  Merchants  &  Manufacturers  Association,  the  Canada  Accident  Com- 
pany and  Molson'i  Bank.  He  served  as  president  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  it 
was  during  his  incumbency  of  the  office  that  the  site  for  the  present  building  was 
selected.  He  was  also  a  trustee  of  the  Mount  Royal  Cemetery  Association  and  the 
president  of  the  Intercolonial  Coal  Company.  His  cooperation  was  likewise 
sought  in  behalf  of  those  institutions  where  humanitarian  principles  must  com- 


146  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

bine  with  executive  ability  in  successful  management.  He  was  made  a  governor 
of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  of  the  Montreal  Hospital  for  the  Insane  and 
the  Montreal  Dispensary.  An  active  member  in  the  Church  of  England,  he 
served  as  a  delegate  to  the  synod  and  cooperated  in  its  work  along  many  helpful 
lines.  In  politics  he  was  a  conservative  and  he  stood  ever  for  the  welfare  of  the 
people. 

On  the  14th  of  February,  1S65,  Mr.  Cleghorn  was  married  to  Miss  Anna 
Spalding,  of  Port  Hope,  Ontario,  who  was  born  in  Peterboro,  Ontario.  Five  chil- 
dren were  born  to  them:  George  S.,  connected  with  the  W.  R.  Brock  Company, 
Limited;  C.  Power,  a  general  insurance  broker,  who  married  Florence  Fech- 
heimer,  of  New  York,  and  to  whom  have  been  born  two  children,  James  Power 
and  Helen  Power;  Emily  C. ;  Helen  G.,  who  died  at  the  age  of  thirteen  years;  and 
James  Herbert,  whose  death  occurred  when  he  was  eighteen  years  of  age. 

The  family  residence  is  at  No.  256  Bishop  street,  and  their  summer  home, 
"Blinkbonny"  is  situated  at  Como  in  the  province  of  Quebec.  The  death  of  Mr. 
Cleghorn  left  a  gap  in  those  circles  where  he  had  moved  as  a  central  figure.  In 
business  and  social  relations  and  in  his  connection  with  humanitarian  interests 
he  had  established  himself  in  an  enviable  position  by  reason  of  personal  worth 
and  capability,  and  his  name  is  inscribed  high  on  the  list  of  Montreal's  valued 
citizens. 


GEORGE  WASHINGTON  STEPHENS. 

If  one  w-ould  seek  a  fitting  poetical  phrase  to  express  the  life  work  of  the 
Hon.  George  Washington  Stephens  these  lines  might  well  be  chosen : 
"He  leaves  a  patriot's  name  to  after  times 
Linked    with    a   thousand    virtues    and    no    crimes." 

For  an  extended  period  he  was  in  public  life,  and  whether  connected  with 
miuiicipal,  professional,  or  national  affairs  was  always  the  same  public-spirited, 
progressive  citizen,  ever  seeking  the  welfare  of  the  constituency  which  he  rep- 
resented. He  was  born  in  Montreal  in  1832,  the  second  son  of  Harrison  and 
Sarah  (Jackson)  Stephens.  The  father  removed  from  the  state  of  Vermont 
to  Montreal  in  1828  and  for  years  was  a  leading  merchant  of  the  city. 

George  W.  Stephens  was  educated  at  high  school,  afterward  entering  busi- 
ness circles.  He  became  identified  with  the  firm  of  Law  Young  &  Company,  but 
after  a  time  determined  to  enter  upon  jirofessional  activities,  and  with  this  end  in 
view  took  up  the  studv  of  law.  following  a  law  course  at  McGill  University, 
which  conferred  upon  him  the  B.  C.  L.  degree.  Called  to  the  bar  in  1863,  he  at 
once  entered  upon  active  practice  and  for  some  time  was  a  partner  of  the  late 
John  A.  Perkins,  an  eminent  barrister  of  Montreal.  Mr.  Stephens  per- 
sonally conducted  the  catise  celebre  of  Connolly  versus  Woolrych,  which  he 
brought  to  a  successful  conclusion.  The  case  was  a  notable  one,  awakening 
widespread  interest  among  the  legal  fraternity  and  establishing  the  validity  of 
an  Indian  marriage,  celebrated  according  to  the  custom  of  the  tribe. 

After  a  number  of  years  devoted  to  successful  law  practice.  Air.  Stephens 
was   obliged   to   abandon   the   profession    in    order   to   assume    the   management 


HOX.  (il':()K(;E  \V.  STKPHICXS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTRKAI.  149 

of  his  father's  estate,  and  proved  himself  e(|ually  capal^le,  sagacious,  farsighted 
and  enterprising  in  that  connection.  His  al)iHty  and  his  devotion  to  the  gen- 
eral welfare  led  to  his  selection  again  and  again  for  public  office,  in  1868  he 
was  elected  alderman  of  Montreal  and  for  seventeen  consecutive  years  remained 
a  member  of  the  city  council,  during  which  period  he  served  on  several  occa- 
sions as  acting  mayor.  He  did  much  during  that  period  toward  shaping  the 
policy  of  city  affairs  and  upholding  those  interests  which  are  a  matter  of  civic 
virtue  and  civic  pride.  In  fact  he  became  distinguished  for  his  constant  opposi- 
tion to  wrong-doing  and  dishonesty,  and  his  stalwart  support  of  a  prudent  and 
economical  progressive  administration.  From  the  time  that  age  conferred  upon 
him  the  right  of  franchise  he  advocated  the  principles  of  the  liberal  party  and 
upon  its  ticket  was  elected  to  the  provincial  legislature,  representing  Mon- 
treal Centre  in  the  Quebec  assembly  from  1881  until  1886,  and  so  earnestly  and 
faithfully  guarded  the  public  interests  as  to  earn  the  title  "watch  dog."  At  the 
general  election  of  1892  he  was  returned  for  Huntingdon  and  was  reelected 
at  the  general  election  in  1897.  On  the  formation  of  the  Marchand  adminis- 
tration in  May  of  the  latter  year  he  was  called  into  the  cabinet,  without  port- 
folio. He  was  the  organizer  of  the  Good  Government  Association  of  Montreal 
and  in  January,  1897,  received  the  thanks. of  that  body  for  his  "vigorous  efforts 
and  judicious  action"  in  the  Quebec  assembly  in  reference  to  certain  local 
measures.  In  1896  he  promoted  a  measure  prohibiting  indecent  play  bills  and 
posters  being  displayed  on  the  public  streets.  No  one  ever  questioned  the 
honesty  and  virtue  of  his  position  and  his  belief.  Though  others  may  have 
differed  from  him  in  policy  they  recognized  the  patriotic  spirit  which  actuated 
him  in  all  his  public  service,  and  none  was  more  earnest  in  opposition  to  mis- 
rule in  public  affairs. 

Aside  from  his  active  work  in  the  assembly,  Air.  Stephens  utilized  many 
other  opportunities  for  advancing  public  progress  and  improvement.  He  was 
at  one  time  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  was 
president  of  the  Mercantile  Library  Association  and  president  of  the  Citizens 
Gas  Company.  He  was  also  a  governor  of  the  Alontreal  General  Hospital 
and  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane.  His  cooperation  could  ever 
be  counted  upon  in  support  of  any  measure  or  plan  to  ameliorate  the  hard  con- 
ditions of  life  for  the  unfortunate  and,  as  a  member  of  the  Unitarian  church, 
he  took  an  active  interest,  in  all  good  works  done  in  the  name  of  charity  or 
religion. 

Mr.  Stephens  married  first  in  1865,  Elizabeth  Mary  Macintosh  and  afterward 
in  1878,  Frances  Ramsay  Macintosh,  daughter  of  Nicholas  Carnegie  Macintosh, 
of  Edinburgh,  Scotland.  For  many  years  Mrs.  Stephens  was  president  of  the 
Decorative  Art  Association  of  Montreal  and  a  recognized  leader  in  social  circles. 
She  has  accomplished  work  of  far-reaching  importances  and  benefit  in  connection 
with  the  Woman's  Immigrant  Society :  the  Soldiers'  Wives  League,  which  was 
organized  during  the  South  African  war;  the  Maternity  Hospital,  and  the 
Montreal  Cooking  School.  In  religious  faith  she  is  a  Unitarian  and  in  more 
strictly  social  lines  is  connected  with  the  Canadian  Woman's  Club,  the  Ladies 
Morning  Musical  Club  and  the  Royal  Montreal  Ladies  Golf  Club.  The  chil- 
dren are  two  sons  and  two  daughters :  Major  G.  W.  and  F.  C.  Stephens ;  and 
Mrs.  J.  Wedderburn  Wilson  and  Mrs.  A.  Hamilton  Gault. 


150  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Mr.  Stephens  was  devoted  to  his  family  and  ever  held  friendship  inviolable. 
He  belonged  to  both  the  St.  James  and  Union  Clubs  and  his  military  experience 
covered  service  as  a  cavalry  major  until  he  was  placed  on  the  retired  list,  his 
connection  being  with  the  Montreal  Rifle  Rangers.  One  of  the  leading  news- 
papers styled  him  "a  liberal  of  the  old  school,  fearless  and  brave."  The  same 
qualities  characterized  him  throughout  his  entire  life  in  every  relation,  and 
many  who  were  his  associates  and  contemporaries  felt  at  his  passing,  which 
occurred  at  his  country  residence,  Lac  a  I'eau  Claire,  in  1904,  that, 
"He  was  a  man.  Take  him  for  all  in  all 
I  shall  not  look  upon  his  like  again." 


MAJOR  VICTOR  E\'ELYN  MITCHELL. 

Public  opinion  accords  Major  \ictor  Evelyn  Mitchell  a  position  of  leadership 
among  the  members  of  the  Montreal  bar,  not  only  because  of  his  extensive  prac- 
tice and  the  ability  displayed  therein,  but  also  because  of  his  contribution  to  the 
literature  of  the  profession.  His  military  record  also  gives  him  right  to  public 
recognition.  A  native  of  London,  England,  he  was  born  October  17,  1865,  and  is 
of  English  lineage,  his  father  having  been  James  Mitchell,  of 'London,  England. 
In  the  attainment  of  his  education  he  attended  the  City  of  London  school  and 
afterward  McGill  University,  where  he  won  his  B.  C.  L.  degree  and  valedictorian 
honors  in  1896.  The  same  year  he  began  practice  as  an  advocate  in  Montreal 
with  the  late  R.  D.  McGibbon,  K.  C.  He  had  been  a  resident  of  Canada  for  eight 
years,  and  thus  it  was  that  his  preparation  for  the  bar  was  pursued  in  McGill. 
The  ability  which  he  has  displayed  in  practice  is  indicated  by  the  fact  that  he 
was  created  K.  C.  in  1909.  He  is  now  a  member  of  the  Arm  of  McGibbon,  Cas- 
grain,  Mitchell  &  Casgrain  and  devotes  himself  to  corporation  and  commercial 
law.  He  published  the  first  English  edition  of  the  The  Code  of  Civil  Procedure 
and  in  conjunction  with  J.  L.  Perron,  K.  C.,  brought  out  an  Insolvency  Manual. 
He  is  not  unknown  in  the  educational  field,  having  lectured  on  The  Legal  Aspects 
of  Trade  Unionism  and  on  Warranties  and  Representations  re  Contract  of  Life 
Insurance.  All  this  establishes  his  position  as  a  lawyer  well  \ersed  in  his  pro- 
fession and  capable  in  handling  intricate  and  involved  legal  problems.  He  is  also 
a  well  known  publicist :  his  letters  to  the  Montreal  Star  on  the  naval  question 
created  great  interest  and  showed  a  thorough  knowledge  and  study  of  the  subject. 

Aside  from  his  professional  interests  Major  Mitchell  has  become  known  in 
business  circles  and  in  connection  with  projects  of  a  public  or  semi-])ublic  char- 
acter. He  is  a  director  of  Penman's,  Ltd. ;  the  Canadian  Consolidated  Rubber 
Company ;  Ames,  Holden,  McCready,  Ltd. ;  the  Canadian  Consolidated  Felt 
Company,  Ltd. ;  the  Charlemagne  &  Lac  Quarreau  Lumber  Company,  Ltd. ;  and 
many  other  commercial  companies.  He  is  also  a  director  of  the  Laurentian 
Sanitarium  and  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Ilosjiital  and  the  Western 
Hospital. 

For  some  years  Major  Mitchell  was  connected  with  the  volunteer  military 
service,  joining  the  .Sixth  Fusiliers  in  iS8<),  and  when  that  regiment  amalgamated. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  151 

with  the  Mrst  E'rince  of  Wales  Ritles  in   1898  he  became  senior  major  in  that 
corps.    In  1900  he  was  placed  on  the  list  of  retired  officers. 

Major  Mitchell  was  married  in  191 1  to  Miss  Sarah  Proul.x,  and  they  reside 
at  No.  2>77  f^^'  street.  Major  Mitchell  holds  membership  with  the  Anglican 
church  and  is  well  known  in  club  circles,  belonging  to  the  St.  James,  Canada 
and  University  Chiljs,  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yaciit  Club,  the  Montreal  Jockey 
Club,  Outremont  Golf  Club,  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Club,  the  Manitou  Club  of 
Montreal,  the  Railnjad  Club  and  the  Alpha  Delta  Phi  Club  of  New  York  and  the 
United  Empire  Club  of  London,  England. 


WALTER  HARDMAN  ARDLEY. 

A  well  known  figure  in  railroad  circles  of  Montreal  is  Walter  Hardman 
Ardley,  who  since  1913  has  acted  as  general  auditor  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Rail- 
way system  and  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway.  A  native  of  London,  England, 
he  was  born  April  24,  1858,  and  is  a  son  of  James  and  Elizabeth  (Dunton) 
Ardley,  the  former  of  whom  passed  away  during  the  early  childhood  of  his 
son  Walter  and  the  latter  in  1896. 

Mr.  Ardley  was  educated  in  the  City  of  London  College  and  made  his  advent 
in  the  business  world  as  an  apprentice  in  a  London  ofifice.  Pie  came  to  Canada  in 
November,  1882,  entering  the  service  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway,  in  the  chief 
accountant's  office,  on  November  5,  1882.  Steadiness  of  purpose,  faithfulness 
and  diligence  won  him  advancement.  On  December  31,  1907,  he  was  made  chief 
clerk  and  general  bookkeeper  and  so  continued  until  August  31,  1908,  when  he 
became  auditor  of  disbursements.  He  held  this  office  until  September  30,  1908, 
when  he  became  assistant  general  auditor,  and  in  1909  he  was  made  general 
auditor  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  system  and  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway. 
Mr.  Ardley  stands  high  in  the  estimation  of  the  officers  of  the  road  on  account 
of  the  efficient  management  of  his  department. 

On  December  12,  1889,  Mr.  Ardley  married  Miss  Tamar  Jane  Phillips,  a 
daughter  of  Henry  Phillips,  of  Upway,  England.  He  is  independent  politically 
and  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England. 


REV.  HERBERT  SYMONDS. 

A  man  who  has  made  his  zeal  and  commanding  ability  the  basis  of  an  im- 
portant work  not  only  in  the  cause  of  religion  but  in  the  public  service  along 
lines  of  charity  and  reform  is  Rev.  Herbert  Symonds,  since  1903  vicar  of  Christ 
Church  Cathedral,  Montreal.  He  is  a  prominent  orator  and  preacher,  an  able 
writer  and  an  untiring  worker  for  the  promotion  of  religious  and  social  advance- 
inent  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  vital  forces  in  the  spread  of  movements  looking 
toward  Christian  unity.  He  was  born  in  Rickinghall-Inferior,  Suflfolk,  Eng- 
land, December  28,  i860,  and  is  a  son  of  George  and  Hannah  (Wright)  Symonds. 
He    studied    in    Framlingham    College    in    England   and    in    Trinity    L'niversity, 


152  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Toronto,  Ontario,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1885, 
receiving  the  degree  of  Al.  A.  and  the  prize  for  an  EngHsh  essay  and  sermon 
in  1887.  He  holds  the  honorary  degree  of  D.  D.,  given  him  by  Queen's  Uni- 
versity in  1901,  and  the  honorary  degree  of  LL.  D.,  conferred  upon  him  by 
McGill  University  in  1910. 

Rev.  Herbert  Symonds  came  to  Canada  in  1881  and  four  years  later  was 
ordained  deacon  in  the  Anghcan  church.  He  received  orders  as  a  priest  in  1887 
and  from  that  year  to  1890  was  a  fellow  and  lecturer  in  Trinity  University  in 
Toronto.  The  next  two  years  he  spent  as  professor  of  divinity  in  the  same  nisti- 
tution  and  in  1892  was  made  rector  of  St.  Luke's  church  in  Ashburnham, 
Ontario.  He  resumed  his  work  as  an  educator  in  the  year  1901,  being  made  head- 
master of  Trinity  College  School  in  Port  Hope,  Ontario,  serving  in  that  capacity 
from  1901  to  1903.  In  the  latter  year  he  was  transferred  to  Montreal  and  made 
vicar  of  Christ  Church  Cathedral  in  this  city,  and  he  has  since  held  the  position, 
which  afTords  him  an  excellent  scope  for  his  talents  and  abilities  and  in  which 
his  work  has  carried  him  forward  into  important  relations  with  Anglican  aiifairs. 
He  was  president  of  the  ]\Iontreal  Protestant  Ministerial  Association  in  1905, 
first  president  of  the  Canadian  Society  of  Christian  Unity  and  in  1910  a  dele- 
gate to  the  World's  Missionary  Congress,  held  in  Edinburgh,  and  the  Anglican 
Church  Congress,  held  in  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 

Mr.  Symonds  married,  in  March,  1883,  Miss  Emma  Blackall,  fourth  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  Mossom  Boyd,  of  Bobcaygeon,  Ontario,  and  both  are  well  known 
in  social  circles  of  Montreal.  Since  1907  Mr.  Symonds  has  served  as  Protestant 
school  commissioner  and  he  is  well  known  in  military  circles,  having  been  from 
1896  to  1907  chaplain  of  the  Third  Prince  of  Wales  Canadian  Dragoons  and 
since  that  time  chaplain,  with  the  honorary  rank  of  major,  of  the  First  Regiment, 
Prince  of  Wales  Fusiliers.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  is  a 
past  grand  chaplain  of  the  grand  lodge  of  Quebec.  A  writer  of  great  force  and 
power,  he  has  made  many  contributions  to  The  Week  and  Expository  Times  of 
England  and  other  papers  and  is  the  author  of  articles  on  Trinity  LTniversity  and 
University  Federation,  published  in  1894,  on  Christian  Unity,  published  in  1899, 
and  The  Anglican  Church  and  the  Doctrine  of  Apostolical  Succession,  1907.  He 
is  regarded  as  one  of  the  ablest  preachers  in  the  Anglican  pulpit  at  the  present 
time  and  has  made  this  talent  also  a  force  in  the  accomplishment  of  a  great 
and  lasting  work. 


HENRY  HOGAN. 


Very  few  if  any  men  in  Montreal  were  any  better  known  in  their  respec- 
tive lines  of  business  than  was  Henry  Hogan,  in  coimection  with  the  hotel  busi- 
ness. He  occupied  a  position  among  his  contemporaries  that  made  him  a  unique 
personage.  The  story  of  his  life  is  best  told  by  the  history  of  the  hostelry, 
St.  Lawrence  Hall,  that  his  name  had  made  famous  and  over  which  he  had 
charge  for  upwards  of  a  half  century.  Mr.  llogan  was  born  at  La  Tortue,  near 
Laprairie,  on  the  12th  of  .April,  1S20,  and  was  a  son  of  Nicholas  Hogan,  who 
served  in  the  British  army  in  the  Peninsular  war  and  at  Waterloo  under  the 


HENRY  HOGAN 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  155 

Duke  of  Wellington.  He  was  engaged  in  the  woolen  manufacturing  business 
in  Manchester,  England,  and  upon  coming  to  Canada  established  a  mill  at 
La  Tortue.  He  met  his  death  from  drowning,  the  result  of  the  giving  way 
of  the  rail  on  a  boat,  which  precipitated  him  into  the  St.  Lawrence  river.  He 
was  survived  by  a  widow  and  several  children. 

Henry  Hogan  was  but  a  boy  when  he  came  to  .Montreal  and  his  early 
training  in  a  business  way  began  in  the  line  of  business  of  which  he  made 
such  a  great  success  in  later  life,  the  hotel  business.  In  185 1  he  became  pro- 
prietor of  what  was  then  called  the  Hogan  Hotel,  in  which  enterprise  he  was 
in  partnership  with  Messrs.  Borden  and  Conipaine,  but  both  men  retired  early, 
being  succeeded  in  the  firm  by  Frederick  Penn,  who  remained  a  partner  with 
Mr.  Hogan  until  1869.  After  that  time  the  latter  was  alone  as  sole  proprietor 
of  St.  Lawrence  Hall.  In  1856  he  was  one  of  the  prominent  factors  in  the 
grand  banquet  given  by  the  citizens  in  the  Hall  to  mark  the  opening  of  the 
Grand  Trunk  Railway,  on  which  occasion  many  distinguished  citizens  were 
his  guests.  In  i860  he  entertained  the  members  of  the  suite  of  the  Prince  of 
Wales,  later  His  Majesty,  King  Edward  \T1.  In  those  days  Mr.  Hogan  enter- 
tained many  people  of  title  and  prominence.  The  story  of  this  hotel  has  its 
own  connection  with  the  history  of  Canada,  for  under  the  roof  of  St.  Lawrence 
Hall  there  occurred  many  things  that  led  to  the  present-day  development  of  the 
Dominion.  Here  Mr.  John  A.  Macdonald,  later  the  great  Sir  John,  met  his 
sturdy  opponent,  Mr.  George  Brown,  and  exchanged  views  on  the  best  means  of 
uniting  the  scattered  provinces.  From  this  beginning  confederation  was 
achieved  and  Mr.  Hogan  performed  his  share  in  these  events  and  at  all  times 
faithfully  carried  out  the  duties  of  citizenship.  St.  Lawrence.  Hall  was  for 
many  years  the  best  known  hotel  in  Canada  and  one  of  the  best  known  on  the 
continent.  Princes  of  the  royal  blood,  soldiers  and  statesmen,  political  refugees, 
artists  and  poets,  stars  of  the  operatic  and  dramatic  stage  partook  of  its  hos- 
pitality and  their  names  recall  events  of  bygone  days.  The  opening  of  Victoria 
bridge  brought  many  notables  to  the  Hall,  and  during  the  progress  of  the'  Civil 
war  in  the  United  States  the  clank  of  the  sword  was  heard  at  St.  Lawrence 
Hall,  which  became  the  headquarters  for  the  Confederate  representatives  and 
southern  refugees.  Jefferson  Davis  and  John  Wilkes  Booth  were  guests  of 
the  Hall,  and  during  the  Trent  affair  it  was  the  headquarters  of  the  officers. 
During  the  trial  of  John  Surratt,  the  register  of  the  Hall  was  taken  to  Washing- 
ton and  has  never  been  returned.  After  the  Civil  war.  General  Sherman,  of 
the  Union  army,  and  also  one  of  the  most  prominent  Confederate  generals 
visited  Montreal  and  were  entertained  by  Mr.  Hogan,  as  was  Henry  Ward 
Beecher  and  other  distinguished  Americans.  The  banquets  held  at  St.  Law- 
rence Hall  were  noted  affairs,  the  place  being  the  scene  of  many  brilliant  social 
gatherings. 

The  ancestral  records  of  the  Hogan  family  included  the  names  of  many 
prominent  in  military  circles  and  Henry  Hogan  also  took  a  deep  interest  in  these 
affairs,  being  for  years  commanding  officer  of  the  Montreal  Field  Battery,  of 
which  he  was  lieutenant  in  1855,  afterwards  became  colonel  and  assumed  com- 
mand, retiring  with  that  rank  in  1866.  Mr.  Hogan  had  been  connected  with 
numerous  business  enterprises  aside  from  his  hotel  interests.  He  always  had 
implicit  confidence  in  the  future  of  Montreal  and  made  investments  that  proved 


156  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

highly  profitable.  His  business  ability  won  him  success  and  prominence  in  his 
chosen  field  and  his  capability,  tact  and  resourcefulness  made  him  an  ideal  host, 
whether  entertaining  a  little  private  gathering  of  friends  or  a  large  concourse  of 
notable  and  eminent  citizens  at  a  banquet.  In  religious  belief  he  was  a  Unitarian. 
His  death  occurred  October  9,  1902,  and  he  was  survived  by  a  widow,  two  sons, 
Henry  H.  and  Lawrence  H.,  and  also  two  daughters:  Anna  W.,  now  the 
widow  of  Major  Low,  of  the  British  army ;  and  Marion  E.,  who  died  unmarried. 


MARTIN  ^MONTGOMERY  REYNOLDS. 

Martin  Montgomery  Reynolds  enjoyed  the  reputation  of  being  one  of  the 
foremost  experts  in  railroad  accounting  and  finance.  He  had  thirty  years  of 
experience  along  that  line  and  was  connected  with  roads  in  the  United  States 
and  Mexico  until  he  came  to  Canada  in  1908  as  fifth  vice  president  of  the  Grand 
Trunk  Railway  and  third  vice  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway. 
At  his  death,  which  occurred  June  17,  1914,  he  held  the  position  of  vice  president 
in  charge  of  the  financial  and  accounting  departments. 

Martin  M.  Reynolds  was  born  in  Syracuse,  New  York,  and  educated  there. 
His  first  notable  position  in  the  railroad  world  was  that  of  auditor  of  the  Mexican 
National  Railroad,  which  office  he  held  until  1892.  He  then  went  to  Vermont  as 
general  auditor  of  the  Central  \'ermont  Railroad,  which  office  he  held  until  1896. 
From  1896  to  1899  he  was  auditor  for  the  receivers  of  this  road,  and  from  1899 
to  1902  auditor  for  its  successor,  the  Central  Vermont  Railway.  From  1902  to 
1904  he  was  comptroller  of  the  National  Railway  of  Mexico  and  in  1904  accepted 
in  addition  to  this  office  the  comptrollership  of  the  Mexican  International  Rail- 
way and  the  Interoceanic  Railway  of  Mexico,  continuing  in  this  office  until  1908. 
In  that  year  he  came  to  Montreal  as  fifth  vice  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk 
Railway  and  third  vice  president  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  Railway,  and  in  1910 
was  promoted  to  the  third  vice  presidency  of  the  Grand  Trunk.  From  191 1 
Mr.  Reynolds  was  vice  president  in  charge  of  the  financial  and  accounting 
departments  of  the  Grand  Trunk  and  Grand  Trunk  Pacific  and  aftiliated  lines. 
His  office  was  one  of  the  most  important  in  the  service.  ]Mr.  Reynolds  was  also 
a  director  of  the  Canadian  Express  Company. 

In  1894  Martin  M.  Reynolds  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Flora  Livingstone 
and  they  resided  at  the  Linton  apartments,  Montreal.  Although  he  was  in 
Montreal  only  a  few  years  he  quickly  became  imljued  with  the  Canadian  spirit 
and  his  aims  and  interests  became  thoroughly  Canadian. 


CHARLES  A.  BRIGGS. 

Charles  A.  Briggs  was  an  active  business  man  of  Montreal,  well  known  and 
respected.  He  conducted  a  retail  fur  store  under  his  name  on  Notre  Dame  street, 
and  careful  management  and  wise  direction  of  his  interests  wrought  the  sub- 
stantial success  which  eventually  came  to  him.     A  native  of  Montreal,  he  was 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  157 

born  October  3,  1839,  a  son  of  Russell  Briggs,  who  came  to  this  city  from  Ver- 
mont and  here  sjient  his  remaining  days.  Charles  A.  llriggs  was  indebted 
to  the  public-school  system  of  Montreal  for  the  educational  opportunities  he 
enjoyed.  In  early  life  he  acquainted  himself  with  the  fur  business  and  eventu- 
ally became  proprietor  of  a  retail  fur  store  on  Xotre  Dame  street.  He  closely 
applied  himself  to  the  conduct  of  the  business  and  his  able  management  and 
reliable  methods  were  strong  elements  in  his  growing  success. 

In  1S62  Mr.  Briggs  was  united  in  marriage  to  Sarah  S.,  a  daughter  of  Mans- 
field Holland,  who  in  early  life  came  from  Maine  to  Montreal  and  was  actively 
identified  with  the  infant  industrial  development  of  the  city,  building  the  firsi 
rolling  mill  here  and  also  a  nail  and  spike  factory,  making  the  first  railroad  spike 
manufactured  in  Canada.  His  plant  was  located  on  Mill  street  and  there  he 
continued  actively  and  successfully  in  business  throughout  the  remaiixler  of  his 
days,  his  death  occurring  in  1883.  He  was  then  seventy-four  years  of  age,  his 
birth  having  occurred  in  1809.  He  was  twenty  years  of  age  when  he  arrived  in 
Montreal  in  1829,  becoming  a  most  active  factor  in  its  business  circles,  for,  with 
the  growth  of  his  enterprise,  he  employed  many  men.  His  wife  was  in  her 
m.iidenhood  Miss  Gould  and  by  their  marriage  they  became  the  parents  of  twelve 
children.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  A.  Briggs  became  the  parents  of  seven  children : 
Charles  Russell ;  Celia ;  Florence ;  Edwin ;  Dr.  George  Nixon ;  Henry,  who  died 
young;  and  Ethel. 

Air.  Briggs  held  membership  in  St.  James  Cathedral,  to  the  support  of  which 
he  made  generous  contribution.  He  stood  stanchly  in  support  of  many  of  those 
factors  which  work  for  the  betterment  of  the  individual  and  for  the  community 
and  at  the  same  time  he  conducted  a  successful  business  indicative  of  his  ability 
and  his  enterprise. 


JOHN  A.  PILLOW. 


Standing  deservedly  high  in  the  respect  of  all  who  knew  him,  John  A.  Pillow 
was  regarded  as  a  progressive  business  man  and  valuable  citizen  of  Montreal, 
of  which  city  he  was  a  native.  He  was  educated  in  the  public  schools  and  for 
many  years  ranked  as  one  of  Montreal's  oldest  and  best  known  manufacturers. 
In  his  business  career  he  made  advancement  step  by  step,  gaining  thus  a  broader 
outlook  and  wider  opportunity.  He  made  wise  use  of  the  advantages  that  came 
to  him  and  eventually  reached  a  position  of  prominence  in  manufacturing  circles. 
It  was  in  the  late  '60s  that  he  succeeded  to  the  rolling  mill  business  of  T.  D.  Bige- 
low  &  Company,  which  was  one  of  the  oldest  establishments  of  the  city,  having 
been  founded  for  a  century.  Forming  a  partnership  with  Randolph  Hersey,  he 
continued  the  business  under  the  firm  name  of  Pillow  &  Hersey.  Later  this  was 
converted  into  a  stock  companv  and  Mr.  Pillow  was  elected  to  the  presidency.  He 
stood  deservedly  high  in  the  regard  of  his  contemporaries  in  commercial  circles. 
Business  men  knew  him  as  one  whose  word  was  thoroughly  reliable,  who  met 
every  obligation  and  kejH  every  engagement,  and  the  record  which  he  thus  made 
was  one  which  any  might  envy.     He  was  very  thorough  and  competent  in  all 


158  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

that  he  did,  neglecting  no  details  and  at  the  same  time  developing  his  interests 
along  the  broad  lines  characteristic  of  business  enterprise  at  the  present  day. 
Mr.  Pillow  was  united  in  marriage  to  Annie  Elizabeth  Hillyer,  and  their  sur- 
viving children  are  two  sons,  Laurence  B.  and  Howard  W.  He  was  a  man  of 
domestic  tastes,  devoted  to  the  welfare  of  his  family  and  finding  his  greatest 
happiness  in  promoting  their  interests.  He  rejoiced  in  his  prosperity  not  merely 
from  the  standpoint  of  success  but  because  of  the  opportunity  which  it  gave  him 
to  provide  liberally  for  his  family  and  to  give  generously  to  the  poor  and  needy. 
He  attended  the  American  Presbyterian  church  and  in  his  life  exemplified  his 
Christian  faith.  He  was  much  interested  in  the  welfare  of  his  native  city,  coop- 
erating in  many  movements  that  have  promoted  its  interests  along  various  lines. 
He  belonged  to  the  Board  of  Trade  and  his  social  nature  found  expression  in 
his  membership  in  St.  James  Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club  and  the  Man- 
hattan Club  of  New  York.  Death  called  him  February  i6,  1902.  He  had 
remained  a  lifelong  resident  of  his  native  city  and  his  worth  was  widely  recog- 
nized by  those  who  had  been  his  associates  in  business  and  by  those  who  met  him 
in  social  relations. 


JAMES  ELLIOT. 

James  Elliot,  for  more  than  half  a  century  one  of  the  best  known  bankers 
of  Montreal,  was  born  June  2,  1840,  in  this  city,  and  was  the  eldest  son  of  the 
late  Andrew  and  Sarah  (  PuUan)  Elliot.  The  father  was  a  native  of  Northumber- 
land, England,  and  following  his  arrival  in  Montreal  in  1832  became  a  well  known 
contractor  of  the  city. 

After  acquiring  a  thorough  education  in  the  Montreal  high  school  James 
Elliot  entered  the  dry-goods  establishment  of  the  late  Air.  Alexander  Molson, 
and  after  a  time  spent  in  that  connection  entered  jNIolson's  Bank  in  i860.  In 
1870  he  became  accountant  and  further  promotion  came  to  him  in  recognition  of 
his  ability  in  his  appointment  to  the  position  of  manager  of  the  Montreal  branch 
in  1879.  Step  by  step  he  advanced  in  his  connection  w-ith  financial  interests 
until  he  became  recognized  as  one  of  the  foremost  bankers  of  the  city.  In 
May,  1900,  he  was  appointed  general  manager,  which  position  he  ably  filled  until 
his  death,  December  19,  191 3.  In  l)anking  circles  he  was  recognized  as  a  man 
of  exceptional  ability,  prudence  and  sagacity,  and  was  termed  both  a  model  man 
and  a  model  banker.  That  he  occupied  a  position  of  distinction  in  business  and 
financial  circles  was  evidenced  by  the  large  number  of  business  men  who  paid 
their  last  tribute  of  respect  to  his  worth  when  he  passed  away. 

Mr.  Elliot  was  for  many  years  a  councillor  of  the  Canadian  Bankers  Associa- 
tion and  was  otherwise  officially  connected  with  interests  of  importance  to  the 
public,  being  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  a  vice  president 
of  the  Montreal  Prisoners  Aid  Association  and  an  active  factor  in  philanthropic 
work.  Mr.  Elliot  was  also  an  attendant  at  the  Melville  Presbyterian  church.  His 
political  support  was  given  to  the  conservative  party.  .Although  he  was  past  the 
allotted  age  of  three  score  years  and  ten  when  called  from  this  life,  Mr.  Elliot's 
friends  w^ere  drawn  largely  from  the  younger  generation.    He  was  a  quiet,  unos- 


JAMES  ELLIOT 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  161 

tentatious  gentleman  of  the  old  school,  whose  delight  outside  of  his  business 
was  his  home  and  garden  on  Cote  St.  Antoine  road.  This  home  was  one  of  the 
early  residences  in  Westmount  and  when  erected  more  than  a  cjuarter  of  a 
century  ago  was  surrounded  by  open  fields. 

Mr.  Elliot  was  unmarried.  After  jjroviding  with  great  libendily  for  near 
relatives  he  be(|ucathed  five  thousand  dollars  to  the  Montreal  General  Hospital, 
five  thousand  dollars  to  the  I'rotestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane  and  a  thousand 
dollars  each  to  the  Western  Hospital,  McKay  Institute,  Grace  Dart  Home,  the 
Protestant  House  of  Industry  and  Refuge  and  the  Salvation  Army.  His  bequest 
to  these  many  organizations  showed  his  broad-mindedness  and  his  deep  interest 
in  the  welfare  and  uplift  of  his  fellowmen. 


JOSEPH  ARTHUR  COUTURE. 

Joseph  Arthur  Couture,  a  notary  public  practicing  in  Montreal  and  in  Maison- 
neuve,  was  born  on  the  29th  of  December,  1881,  at  Sherrington  in  the  county 
of  Napierville,  P.  Q.,  his  parents  being  Jules  and  Domethile  (Bourgeois)  Couture 
He  represents  two  of  the  old  French  families  of  the  province.  His  great-grand- 
father and  his  grandfather,  both  of  whom  bore  the  name  of  Frangois  Couture, 
were  farming  people,  the  former  following  agricultural  pursuits  at  Lacadie,  while 
the  latter  was  a  farmer  at  St.  Cyjirien  in  the  county  of  Napierville.  He  married 
Sophie  Ward  and  their  family  included  Jules  Couture,  who  married  Domethile 
Bourgeois.  Her  father,  Pierre  Bourgeois,  was  at  one  time  a  farmer  at  St.  Jean, 
P.  O.,  and  later  at  St.  Cyprien,  where  he  was  residing  at  the  time  of  his  death. 
His  wife  was  a  member  of  the  Granger  family.  Jules  Couture  was  born  in  St. 
Cyprien,  county  of  Napierville,  and  made  farming  his  life  work,  but  since  1900 
has  lived  retired,  his  home  being  in  the  village  of  Napierville.  His  wife  was  born 
in  the  parish  of  St.  John,  P.  O.,  and  died  on  the  15th  of  September,  1907.  They 
had  a  family  of  twelve  children,  of  whom  three  daughters  and  five  sons  are 
living. 

Joseph  Arthur  Couture,  the  youngest  of  the  family,  attended  the  parish  school 
to  the  age  of  ten  years  and  afterward  studied  with  the  parish  priest  of  Sherring- 
ton for  three  years.  He  next  entered  Montreal  College,  where  he  pursued  a  five 
years'  classical  course  and  later  became  a  student  in  the  Seminary  of  Philosophy, 
where  after  two  years,  or  in  1902,  he  w'on  his  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Letters.  In 
September  of  that  year  he  matriculated  in  Laval  University  where  he  studied  law 
in  preparation  for  the  notarial  profession,  receiving  his  LL.  L.  degree  in  1905. 
He  was  received  as  a  notary  in  July  of  the  same  year  and  in  September  began 
practice  in  the  village  of  Napierville.  where  he  continued  until  the  ist  of  October, 
1906.  He  then  removed  to  the  city  of  Maisonneuve,  where  he  continues  in  prac- 
tice, and  at  the  same  time  maintains  an  office  in  the  city  of  Montreal.  He  is  like- 
wise a  commissioner  of  the  superior  court  in  and  for  the  district  of  Montreal. 
He  carefully  prepared  for  his  chosen  calling  and  his  knowledge  of  the  law  and 
his  understanding  of  all  phases  of  the  notarial  profession  have  given  him  high 
rank  among  his  associates  in  that  field  of  labor. 

Vol.  Ill— 8 


162  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Air.  Couture  is  also  interested  in  some  syndicates,  purchasing  lots  on  the 
island  of  Montreal.  He  is  a  director  of  La  Societe  du .Boulevard  Pie  IX,  Limitee 
and  of  Salmon  River  Gold  Fields  and  of  the  Montreal  Consolidated  Real  Estate 
and  Investments,  Limited.  Flis  connection  therewith  has  resulted  in  bringing 
him  good  financial  returns,  while  in  his  profession  he  is  making  continuous 
advancement. 

On  the  9th  of  October,  1905,  Air.  Couture  was  married  to  Miss  Alathilda  Ida 
Lachapelle,  a  daughter  of  Alfred  and  Mathilde  (Beauchamp)  Lachapelle,  the 
former  in  his  life  time  a  merchant  of  Montreal.  Mrs.  Couture  died  at  Maison- 
neuve,  at  the  age  of  twenty-seven  years,  on  the  17th  of  December,  1913,  leaving 
no  issue.  Mr.  Couture  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  in  politics 
he  was  formerly  a  conservative  but  became  a  nationalist  as  he  did  not  approve  of 
the  naval  policies  of  either  the  liberal  or  conservative  parties.  He  is  still,  how- 
ever, a  member  of  the  Montreal  Liberal-Conservative  Club.  He  was  for  three 
years  recording  secretary  of  Court  Gounod  No.  3240,  I.  O.  F.,  of  which  he  is 
now  deputy  chief. 


HON.  J.  O.  VILLENEUVE. 

The  name  of  Hon.  J.  O.  \  illeneuve  is  inseparably  interwoven  with  the  history 
of  Montreal  and  its  progress.  Modesty  at  all  times  characterized  his  bearing  and 
simplicity  his  habits,  yet  the  sterling  worth  of  his  character  and  the  high  order 
of  his  ability  brought  him  to  a  position  of  leadership  in  connection  with  municipal 
and  provincial  affairs.  He  labored  untiringly  for  the  best  interests  of  Montreal 
while  acting  as  chief  executive  of  the  city  and  was  equally  faithful  in  his  sup- 
port of  matters  relating  to  the  provincial  welfare  when  serving  as  senator.  A 
native  of  the  county  of  Terrebonne,  he  was  born  at  Ste.  Anne  des  Plaines,  on  the 
4th  of  March,  1837,  and  his  life  record  covered  the  intervening  period  to  the 
27th  of  June,  1901,  when  he  passed  away  at  the  age  of  sixty-four  years.  He  was 
but  a  young  lad  at  the  time  of  the  removal  of  his  father.  Octave  Villeneuve,  and 
the  family  to  Montreal,  so  that  he  was  indebted  to  the  school  system  of  this  city 
for  his  educational  opportunities.  He  started  in  the  business  world  as  clerk  in 
a  dry-goods  store  in  1853,  when  a  youth  of  sixteen  years,  and  his  traits  of  loyalty 
and  faithfulness  were  manifest  from  the  beginning,  as  is  evidenced  by  the  fact 
that  he  remained  with  one  establishment  until  1865.  Ambitious  to  engage  in 
business  on  his  own  account,  he  carefully  saved  his  earnings  until  his  industry  and 
economy  had  brought  him  sufficient  capital  to  enable  him  to  open  a  grocery  store 
at  Mile  End.  There  he  conducted  business  for  some  time  and  subsequently 
founded  the  wholesale  grocery  house  of  J.  O.  Villeneuve  &  Company,  which 
rapidly  gained  patronage  and  a  high  and  well  merited  reputation  in  commercial 
circles.  He  was  a  farsighted  man  and  one  who  on  recognizing  a  public  need  at 
once  sought  to  meet  it.  Realizing  the  lack  of  communication  between  the  extreme 
northern  section  of  Montreal  and  the  outlying  parishes,  he  established  an  omnibus 
route  in  i860  between  Mile  End,  Terrebonne,  Sault  au  Recollet  and  New  Glas- 
gow, which  he  later  sold  to  the  Montreal  Street  Railway  when  it  seemed  feasible 
to  extend  the  railway  lines  into  that  section. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  163 

Mr.  X'illenciuc  was  I'lciniciuly  called  U>  public  office  and  it  is  a  notable  fact 
in  his  career  that  no  public  trust  reposed  in  him  was  ever  betrayed  in  the 
slightest  degree.  I'or  more  than  seventeen  years  he  was  mayor  of  St.  Jean  Bap- 
tiste  village  and  again,  when  the  organization  of  the  town  took  place,  he  served 
for  four  years  more,  carefully  guiding  the  interests  of  village  and  town  so  as 
to  bring  about  needed  reforms  and  im]jrovements.  I'^ollowing  the  annexation  to 
the  city  in  1883  he  re])resented  St.  Jean  I'.aptiste  ward  from  that  date  until  1894 
in  the  city  council  and  as  a  member  of  the  finance  committee  his  experience  in 
financial  matters  was  found  to  be  of  great  service  to  the  pul)lic.  Higher  official 
honors  awaited  him,  however,  for  in  1894  he  was  elected  Montreal's  mayor  and 
filled  that  position  for  two  years,  proving  a  capable  executive  and  one  who  most 
carefully  and  systematically  safeguarded  the  ])ublic  interests.  For  eighteeji  years 
he  served  as  warden  of  the  county  of  Hochelaga  and  in  1886  was  elected  to 
represent  that  county  in  the  Quebec  legislature,  where  his  record  was  so  com- 
mendable that  he  was  reelected  in  1890  and  again  in  1892.  In  1888  he  was  made 
a  member  of  the  harbor  commission  and  served  for  several  years  on  that  body. 
In  January,  1896,  he  succeeded  the  late  Hon.  Joseph  Tasse  as  senator  for  the 
De  Salaberry  division.  All  this,  however,  did  not  cover  the  many  phases  of  his 
activity.  For  many  years  he  was  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade,  and  he  had 
important  business  connections,  serving  as  director  of  the  Dominion  Cotton  Com- 
pany, in  addition  to  which  he  had  other  large  manufacttiring,  mercantile  and 
real-estate  interests  in  the  city.  He  was  resident  director  of  the  Bancjue  Nationale 
and  a  member  of  the  harbor  board  and  a  governor  of  Laval  University.  He  was 
also  senior  partner  of  the  firm  of  L.  \'illeneuve  &  Company,  wholesale  lumber 
dealers. 

In  1861  Mr.  Villeneuve  married  Miss  Susan  Ann  Walker,  a  daughter  of 
Captain  James  W'alker,  of  Sorel,  Quebec,  who  survives  together  with  their  four 
children.  Her  father  was  a  captain  in  the  regiment  stationed  at  Sorel  and  was 
a  son  of  Dr.  Edward  Walker,  surgeon  of  that  regiment.  Jacques  Villeneuve, 
the  eldest  of  the  four  children,  residing  at  St.  Jerome,  Quebec,  is  proprietor  of 
a  stone  quarry  and  brick  manufacturing  business  there.  He  married  Miss  La- 
montague  and  they  had  seven  children,  Jacques,  Edgar,  Charles  Eugene,  Lia,  Adri- 
enne,  Marguerite  and  Jeanne.  For  his  second  wife  Jacques  \  illeneuve  wedded 
Miss  Poitevin,  and  they  have  a  son,  Jean.  Eugene  W.,  the  second  member  of  the 
family,  was  born  in  Montreal  in  1865  and  was  associated  in  business  with  his 
father  until  the  latter's  death.  He  brought  about  the  royal  commission,  giving 
a  change  of  administration  and  management  of  the  city  by  a  board  of  control. 
In  November,  1910,  at  a  meeting  held  at  St.  Jean  Baptiste  market  hall,  he  pro- 
posed that  the  centenary  of  the  birth  of  Sir  George  Etienne  Cartier  should  be 
appropriately  commemorated  and  that  steps  should  be  taken  for  the  erection  of  a 
monument  to  his  memory.  Since  then  the  monumental  enterprise  has  assumed 
not  only  national  but  empire  scope  and  representatives  of  every  portion  of  the 
empire  will  be  present  at  the  commemorative  celebration  September  6,  1914.  Mr. 
^'illeneuve  has  served  faithfully  as  president  of  the  executive  committee  in 
charge  of  the  celebration  and  the  erection  of  the  monument.  He  married  Miss 
Alice  Crompton,  and  their  children  are  James  and  Reginald.  Frederic  Villeneuve, 
the  third  member  of  the  family,  is  a  graduate  of  Laval  University  and  was  after- 
wards advocate  in  Montreal  and  in  Edmonton,  .Mberta.    For  several  years  he  was 


164  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

editor  of  Canadian  West  and  for  four  years,  from  1898  until  1902,  sat  for 
St.  Albert  in  the  legislature.  In  1909  he  was  appointed  librarian  of  the  Mon- 
treal Civic  Library.  He  married  Miss  Howie,  of  St.  Johns.  Rachel  \^illeneuve, 
the  youngest  of  the  family,  married  Alphonse  Morin,  protonotary  of  St.  Johns. 
Their  children  are  Josephine,  Louise,  Susan,  Pierre  Villeneuve,  Lucie,  Madeleine 
and  Andre,  and  they  reside  at  No.  629  Dorchester  West. 

The  death  of  Hon.  J.  O.  \'illeneuve  occurred  on  the  27th  of  June,  1901,  at 
the  family  residence  at  862  St.  Denis  street.  Editorially  the  Gazette  said  of  him : 
"Senator  Villeneuve  is  dead  at  the  comparatively  early  age  of  sixty-four.  His 
career  was  a  typical  one  and  included  fully  thirty  years  of  public  service,  municipal 
and  parliamentary.  His  straightforward  conduct  and  good  faith  gained  him  gen- 
eral respect  and  for  almost  a  generation  he  could  count  on  election  to  whatever 
office  in  the  gift  of  the  county  of  Hochelaga  or  city  of  Montreal  he  aspired  to. 
His  municipal  career  was  crowned  by  the  mayoralty  of  Montreal  and  his  political 
work  by  a  senatorship.  He  was  a  thoroughly  well  meaning  man,  of  modest  bear- 
ing and  simple  habits,  whose  innate  worth  was  behind  his  business  and  public 
success.  In  his  death  Montreal  loses  a  good  citizen  and  parliament  a  member  of 
safe  judgment  and  right  purpose."  To  thus  win  the  merit  and  plaudit  of  the 
press  shows  that  the  life  of  Hon.  J.  O.  \'illeneuve  was  one  of  far-reaching  use- 
fulness and  of  importance  in  Montreal.  He  neglected  no  opportunity,  slighted 
no  duty  nor  passed  unheedingly  the  chances  to  benefit  city  or  province  by  helpful 
service  on  his  part. 


JOHN  DILLON. 


John  Dillon,  for  many  years  one  of  the  best  known  merchants  of  Montreal, 
was  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Reford  &  Dillon.  He  was  born  in  Chambly.  March 
18,  1836,  a  son  of  John  Dillon,  Sr.,  a  native  of  Belfast,  Ireland,  who  emigrated 
to  Canada  and  for  some  years  resided  in  Toronto  and  Montreal,  his  death  occur- 
ring in  the  latter  city  in  1875.  He  was  father  of  two  sons,  George  Graham  and 
John  Dillon.  The  former  passed  his  active  business  life  in  Toronto,  where  he 
was  connected  with  the  retail  dry-goods  house  of  George  Bowes  &  Company. 
He  died  in  Toronto,  while  his  widow,  Mrs.  Catherine  Jacques  Dillon,  passed 
away  in  Montreal.  They  were  survived  by  a  daughter.  Miss  Elisabeth  J.  Dillon, 
who  for  many  years  lived  with  her  uncle,  John  Dillon,  who  never  married. 

It  was  in  Toronto  that  John  Dillon  formed  a  partnership  with  Robert  Reford 
under  the  firm  name  of  Reford  &  Dillon,  wholesale  grocers,  and  in  1867  the 
business  was  moved  to  Montreal.  This  association  continued  for  about  forty 
years  and  the  business  was  most  successfully  and  capably  conducted  according 
to  modern  progressive  methods.  A  few  years  prior  to  his  death  Mr.  Dillon 
retired  from  the  firm,  but  maintained  his  interest  in  other  industrial  and  com- 
mercial institutions.  Up  to  the  time  of  his  death  lie  was  a  director  of  the 
Mount  Royal  Milling  and  Manufacturing  Company  and  was  also  vice  i)resi- 
dent  of  the  Gould  Cold  Storage  Company.  His  i)usiness  judgment  was  sound, 
his  discrimination  keen  and  his  enterprise  unfaltering.  He  could  see  farther 
than  many  a  man  in  Inisincss  circles,   foretelling  the  outcome  of  any  enter[)rise 


JOHN    DILLUX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  167 

from  tlie  beginning  and,  moreover,  he  liad  llie  power  lo  coordinate  and  unify 
forces  into  a  harmonious  whole. 

Mr.  Dillon  was  much  interested  throughout  his  lifetime  in  charitable  work 
and  among  other  institutions  with  which  he  was  actively  associated  was  the 
Old  Brewery  Mission.  He  was  an  active  member  of  the  Dominion  Square 
Methodist  church,  which  he  joined  as  a  charter  member  upon  its  organization. 

The  Montreal  Star  in  announcing  his  death  on  the  15th  of  May,  igo8,  said, 
"In  the  death  of  Mr.  John  Dillon  which  took  place  this  morning  very  sud- 
denly at  his  residence,  19  McGregor  street,  Montreal  loses  one  of  its  oldest 
and  most  respected  citizens.  Mr.  Dillon,  who  had  been  in  good  health,  was 
speaking  to  a  relative  about  1 1 130  today,  when  he  was  overcome  by  heart 
failure,  his  death  taking  place  almost  immediately.  Thus  passed  onward  one 
who  always  strove  to  do  his  duty  by  his  fellowmen." 


CARLOS  A.  HAYES. 


Carlos  A.  Hayes,  who  for  a  number  of  years  was  connected  with  the  Grand 
Trunk  Railway,  lastly  as  freight  traffic  manager,  was  on  July  i,  191 3,  appointed 
general  traffic  manager  of  the  Canadian  Government  Railways,  with  headquarters 
at  Moncton,  New  Brunswick.  Mr.  Hayes  has  long  been  prominently  connected 
with  Canadian  railway  service  and  has  in  that  way  contributed  toward  the  open- 
ing up  of  vast  natural  resources  in  the  Dominion. 

He  was  born  in  West  .Springfield,  Massachusetts,  March  10,  ■1865,  and  when 
a  boy  of  seventeen  entered  the  railway  service  in  1882,  continuing  along  that  line 
with  various  roads  in  the  United  States  until  the  year  1892,  when  he  was  made 
New  England  agent  and,  in  1896,  manager  of  the  National  Despatch-Great 
Eastern  Line.  He  held  this  position  until  1903,  when  he  became  connected  with 
the  Grand  Trunk  Raihvay  as  assistant  general  freight  agent  in  Chicago.  Readily 
grasping  railroad  proljlems  and  possessed  of  the  true  generalship  of  a  railway 
executive,  he  was  chosen  in  1908  to  succeed  J.  E.  Dalrymple  as  general  freight 
agent  of  the  Grand  Trunk,  with  headquarters  at  Montreal,  and  there  remained, 
first  as  general  freight  agent  and  later  as  freight  traffic  manager,  until  his  recent 
appointment.  Mr.  Hayes  is  a  well  known  figure  in  Dominion  railway  circles  and 
stands  high  in  the  estimation  of  business  men. 


JOHN  EDWARD  MARTIN. 

John  Edward  Martin,  K.  C,  a  well  known  member  of  the  Montreal  bar.  was 
born  in  September.  1859,  at  Shefiford,  in  the  province  of  Quebec.  He  received  his 
early  education  in  the  public  school  at  Waterloo,  P.  O.,  and  at  McGill  Normal 
School,  and  later  entered  McGill  L'niversity,  where  he  graduated  with  the  Degree 
of  Bachelor  of  Civil  Law  in  1883,  being  the  medallist  of  that  year. 

In  July,  1884,  he  was  admitted  to  the  practice  of  law  and  began  the  practice 
of  his  profession  at   Sweetsburg,   P.   O.,   in  partnership   with   the  late   Senator 


168  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Baker.  In  1S93  he  removed  to  Montreal  and  for  over  twenty  years  has  been  a 
member  of  the  law  firm  of  Foster,  Martin,  Mann,  Mackinnon  &  Hackett,  and  his 
constantly  expanding  powers  brought  him  prominently  before  the  public  as  an 
able  lawyer  and  led  to  his  being  named  king's  counsel  in  1903. 

The  litigated  interests  intrusted  to  his  care  have  on  the  whole  been  of  a 
most  important  character,  and  he  has  successfully  practised  before  all  the  courts 
of  the  province,  the  supreme  court  of  Canada,  and  has  frequently  appeared  before 
the  judicial  committee  of  the  privy  council  in  London,  England. 

Mr.  Martin  has  specialized  in  corporation  and  insurance  law,  and  his  prepara- 
tion of  cases  is  always  thorough  and  exhaustive,  and  the  court  records  indicate 
his  ability  in  securing  verdicts  favorable  to  his  clients. 

He  was  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  bar  of  Alontreal  for  several  years 
and  batonnier  of  the  bar  of  Montreal  and  batonnier-general  of  the  bar  of  the 
province  of  Quebec  during  the  year  1913-1914.  In  1913  he  was  elected  an 
honorary  member  of  the  American  Bar  Association. 

Mr.  Martin  has  been  married  twice.  His  first  wife,  Xellie,  daughter  of 
J.  Rooney  of  Sweetsburg,  P.  O.,  died  in  January,  1909.  In  December,  1910,  he 
married  Emily  \'iolet,  daughter  of  James  Patterson  of  Gtielph,  Ontario. 

In  politics  Air.  Martin  is  a  conservative,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Anglican 
church.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  Forest  and  Stream,  Canada  and 
the  Laurentian  Clubs.  He  has  a  wide  acquaintance  among  the  leading  residents 
of  the  city,  where  his  ability  and  personal  worth  have  gained  for  him  the  high 
regard  of  those  with  whom  he  has  come  in  contact. 


JAMES  ALEXANDER  LAWRASON  STRATHY. 

James  Alexander  Lawrason  Strathy,  long  a  factor  in  financial  circles  in  Mon- 
ti^eal,  was  born  in  London,  C)ntario,  July  22,  1857,  where  his  father,  James  B. 
Strathy,  was  at  one  time  collector  of  customs.  The  mother,  Mrs.  Elvira  Strathy, 
was  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Hiram  D.  Lee  and  of  United  Empire  Loyalist  stock. 
Liberal  educational  opportunities  were  accorded  the  son,  who  was  educated  in  the 
Moncrieff  Preparatory  School,  in  Hellmuth  College  at  London,  Ontario,  and  in 
Upper  Canada  College.  At  the  age  of  seventeen  years  he  came  to  Montreal  and 
entered  the  employ  of  the  brokerage  firm  of  Gordon  Strathy  &  Company,  later 
becoming  a  partner  in  the  business.  He  subsequently  was  admitted  to  the  Mon- 
treal Stock  Exchange,  while  six  years  later  he  became  a  member  of  the  Board 
of  Trade.  In  the  following  years  he  devoted  all  his  time  to  the  Montreal  Trust 
&  Deposit  Company,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  organizers.  I  le  was  appointed 
general  manager  of  the  business  and  remained  with  the  company  until  his  death. 
He  was  also  a  member  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Royal  Electric  Com- 
pany and  in  business  connections  gave  evidence  of  his  ability  to  handle  important 
interests  and  solve  intricate  problems. 

Mr.  Strathy  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  of  Montreal  and  in  official  position 
made  a  record  equally  creditable  with  that  >vhich  he  won  in  business.  He  was  a 
member  of  St.  Andrew's  Society  and  vice  president  of  the  United  Empire  Loyalist 
Association.     Distinction  ancl  honors  also  came  In  him  alnn"  niilitarv  linos,  his 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  169 

military  record  dating  from  his  appoiiitiiient  as  second  lieutenant  of  the  Fifth 
Royal  Scots  of  Canada,  in  iHlSo.  He  was  advanced  to  the  rank  of  captain  in 
1884,  became  major  in  1891  and  was  made  lieutenant  colonel,  commanding  his 
regiment,  in  1893,  so  continuing  until  his  connection  with  the  regiment  ceased 
in  December,  1897.  In  1894  he  became  vice  president  of  the  Canada  Military 
Institute  at  Toronto  and  the  same  year  was  appointed  to  the  staff  of  the  governor 
general  of  Canada  as  an  extra  aide-de-camp. 

Mr.  Strathy  was  widely  known  in  sporting  circles.  As  a  gentleman  rider  he 
was  the  winner  of  the  Montreal  Hunt  Cup  Steeplechase  in  1880,  1881  and  1886 
and  of  the  American  Grand  National  Jriunt  Steeplechase  at  Saratoga  in  1882 
and  of  the  steeplechase  open  to  gentlemen  riders.  His  political  allegiance  was 
given  to  the  conservative  party  and  the  interests  and  duties  of  citizenship  found 
ample  recognition  in  his  life  activities. 

Un  the  9th  of  January,  1885,  Lieutenant  Colonel  Strathy  was  married  to 
Miss  Margaret,  daughter  of  Andrew  Robertson,  of  Montreal,  and  they  became 
the  parents  of  six  children,  of  whom  five  are  living:  Marguerite  F.,  Isabella  D., 
Alison  L.,  R.  Lee  A.  and  Elvira  AL  The  family  circle  was  broken  by  the  hand 
of  death  when  on  the  7th  of  October,  1901,  Lieutenant  Colonel  Strathy  passed 
away.  He  was  a  popular  member  of  the  St.  James  Club  and  his  position  as  a 
business  man  and  in  military  and  sporting  circles  classed  him  with  the  repre- 
sentative residents  of  his  city. 


JOHN  RIGNEY  BARLOW. 

John  Rigney  Barlow,  a  civil  engineer,  who  in  1900  was  appointed  to  the  posi- 
tion of  city  surveyor  of  Montreal,  has  since  served  in  that  capacity  and  is  one 
of  her  best  known  civic  officials.  A  native  of  Scotland,  he  was  born  at  Stornoway. 
Lewis,  on  the  29th  of  July,  1850,  a  son  of  the  late  Robert  Barlow  of  the  Canadian 
Geological  Survey.  The  first  five  years  of  his  life  were  spent  in  the  land  of 
hills  and  heather,  after  which  the  family  came  to  the  new  world.  John  R.  Barlow 
was  reared  in  Montreal  and  started  in  the  business  world  in  the  employ  of  the 
Canadian  Geological  Survey,  with  which  he  remained  from  1872  until  1875. 
He  then  entered  the  service  of  the  corporation  of  Montreal  in  1876,  and  did 
important  duty  in  that  connection.  He  was  engaged  in  the  construction  of  water 
works  in  the  town  of  St.  Henri  and  did  other  important  duties.  He  became 
assistant  city  engineer  of  Montreal  in  1880  and  was  made  deputy  city  survevor 
in  1882.  Further  advancement  came  to  him  in  his  appointment  to  the  position 
of  city  surveyor  in  1900,  and  he  is  now  acting  in  that  capacity.  He  thoroughly 
understands  the  scientific  principles  which  underlie  his  work  as  well  as  every 
practical  phase  of  the  business  and  now  occupies  an  enviable  position  among  the 
civil  engineers  of  Alontreal. 

In  March,  1877,  Mr.  Barlow  was  married  to  Margaret  Coutts.  a  daughter  of 
the  late  Rev.  William  Darrach,  and  they  reside  at  No.  78  St.  Luke  street.  Mr. 
Barlow  is  a  member  of  the  Engineers  Club  and  also  of  the  Canadian  Society 
rif  Civil  Engineers,  in  which  he  was  elected  to  membership  in  1887.  His  fraternal 
relations  are  with  the  Masons,  and  his  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Presbyterian 


170  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

church.  His  professional  relations  have  brought  him  an  extensive  acquaintance, 
uhile  his  sterling  traits  of  character  have  gained  him  firm  hold  upon  the  affec- 
tionate regard  of  those  with  whom  he  has  been  brought  in  contact. 


WTLLIAAl   SMITH. 


Clearly  detined  purposes  and  close  application  were  salient  features  in  the 
career  of  William  Smith,  who  died  in  Montreal  on  the  14th  of  March,  1910, 
when  nearly  eighty-four  years  of  age.  He  was  born  in  Lanarkshire,  Scotland, 
September  20,  1826.  and  came  to  Canada  when  a  young  man.  He  practically 
spent  his  remaining  days  in  this  city.  He  at  first  engaged  in  the  dry-goods  busi- 
ness, which  he  followed  for  many  years  with  good  success.  Eventually  he 
became  a  manufacturing  tobacconist  and  again  prosperity  attended  his  efforts 
in  the  commercial  field.  He  also  owned  valuable  real  estate,  having  taken 
advantage  of  early  opportunities  for  investment  along  that  line.  The  sound- 
ness of  his  judgment  and  the  clearness  of  his  vision  were  indicated  in  the  rise 
in  his  property  values,  making  his  holdings  well  worthy  of  consideration. 

Mr.  Smith  was  married  in  Montreal  to  Miss  Margaret  Watson,  daughter  of 
George  and  Margaret  (Selkirk)  Watson  of  Montreal.  He  continued  to  make 
the  city  his  home  until  his  life's  labors  were  ended  in  death,  when  he  had  reached 
a  venerable  age.  He  was  a  man  respected  by  all  and  such  was  the  regard 
entertained  for  his  opinions,  that  his  advice  was  frequently  sought  upon  impor- 
tant questions.  He  was  an  attendant  at  Erskine  church.  Air.  Smith  is  sur- 
vived by  his  widow,  who  resides  in  what  has  been  for  years  the  family  residence, 
built  by  Mr.  Smith  at  No.  56  Simpson  street  and  which  home  stands  on  the  site 
of  the  former  home  of  Sir  Alexander  Mackenzie,  discoverer  of  the  Mackenzie 
river  and  the  first  European  to  cross  the  Rocky  mountains. 


JOSEPH  ARTHUR  BOURGAULT. 

Joseph  Arthur  Bourgault  is  one  of  the  most  prominent  figures  in  real-estate 
circles  in  Montreal,  his  well  defined  and  carefully  executed  plans  constituting  a 
potent  force  in  the  substantial  development  and  improvement  of  various  sections 
of  the  city.  He  is  yet  a  young  man  but  has  already  attained  a  position  that  many 
a  one  of  twice  his  years  might  well  envy.  He  was  born  May  30,  1887,  at  St. 
Louis  de  Bonsecours,  Richelieu  county,  P.  Q.,  his  parents  being  Henri  and  Caro- 
line (Loriviere)  Bourgault,  the  former  a  native  of  Ste.  Victoire,  Richelieu  county, 
and  the  latter  of  St.  Judes  in  St.  Hyacinthe  county,  P.  Q. 

Joseph  Arthur  Bourgault  jnirsued  his  education  in  the  schools  at  Sorel,  P.  Q., 
and  was  graduated  from  St.  I'ernard  College  on  the  lyth  of  June,  1905.  He 
started  in  the  business  world  as  a  bookkeeper  and  afterward  was  traveling  sales- 
man, but  eventually  turned  his  attention  to  the  real-estate  business,  which  he  con- 
ducts under  the  name  of  J.  A.  Bourgault  &  Company  with  offices  at  No.  97  St. 
James  street   in   Montreal.      ITis  progress  has  been   continuous,  and  hfs  efforts 


^        'fk 

'■^^ 

^^^^H^^H^Hp' 

"^V     "^  '^    B 

/ 

WILLIAM  SMITH 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  173 

have  been  constantly  of  greater  public  value,  as  he  has  developed  and  improved 
property  which  hitherto  had  been  an  unsightly  waste  or  had  little  commercial 
value.  In  191 1  he  developed  and  sold  Montmorency  Park  including  eleven 
hundred  lots  which  brought  three  hundred  and  seventy-tive  thousand  dollars;  and 
in  1912  he  sold  a  part  of  Niagara  Garden  including  thirty-two  hundred  lots,  of 
which  nineteen  hundred  brought  four  hundred  and  twenty  thousand  dollars.  He 
also  sold  a  subdivision  on  the  south  shore  called  Woodbine  Park  including  over 
eleven  hundred  lots.  All  this  extensive  property  has  been  sold  exclusively  by 
Mr.  Uourgault.  He  is  a  wide-awake,  alert,  enterprising  young  man  thoroughly 
in  touch  with  the  real-estate  market.  He  knows  what  property  is  for  sale,  is  con- 
versant with  values  and  seems  never  to  make  a  mistake  in  his  investments.  He 
was  graduated  at  the  National  Salesnien  Training  Association,  which  has  its 
headquarters  in  Chicago,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  Headquarters  International 
Realty  Company  of  that  city. 

On  the  25th  of  November,  1912,  in  Montreal,  Air.  Bourgault  was  married  to 
Miss  Berthe  Daignault,  a  daughter  of  the  late  J.  Daignault.  They  have  gained 
many  friends  during  the  period  of  their  residence  here.  Mr.  Bourgault  has 
attractive  social  c|ualities  which  render  him  popular  socially  and  add  not  a  little  to 
his  success  in  the  management  and  control  of  an  e.xtensive  and  growing  real- 
estate  business. 


DANIEL  WILSON. 


In  Montreal  stand  many  evidences  of  the  ability  and  skill  of  Daniel  Wilson 
in  a  number  of  the  larger  and  more  substantial  buildings  of  the  city,  where  for 
a  long  period  he  engaged  in  the  business  of  general  contracting.  He  was  born  in 
Avoch,  Scotland,  March  2,  1827,  and  was  in  the  seventy-ninth  year  of  his  age 
when  he  passed  away.  He  had  been  a  resident  of  Canada  since  1853,  having  come 
to  the  Dominion  to  take  charge  of  stone  quarries  at  Pointe  Claire  for  the  con- 
struction of  the  \'ictoria  bridge.  After  the  completion  of  the  bridge  he  entered 
upon  the  work  of  general  contracting  and  erected  many  of  the  largest  buildings  of 
Montreal,  including  the  Royal  Insurance  building,  Molson's  Bank,  the  Merchants 
Bank,  the  Mutual  Telegraph  building,  the  Erskine  church,  the  Windsor  Hotel, 
and  others.  He  retired  from  business  about  1886,  having  met  with  notable  suc- 
cess that  brought  him  a  gratifying  income. 

Mr.  Wilson  was  prominent  in  public  affairs.  For  eight  years  he  represented 
St.  Antoine  ward  in  the  city  coimcil  and  was  interested  and  active  in  support 
of  various  projects  w'hich  have  had  to  do  w-ith  the  welfare  and  upbuilding  of  this 
city.  He  was  also  Protestant  school  commissioner  for  a  number  of  years  and 
aside  from  positions  having  to  do  with  the  public  service  he  was  connected 
officially  with  various  charitable  and  benevolent  projects.  For  six  years  he  was 
on  the  board  of  the  Outdoor  Relief  and  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane, 
was  a  life  governor  of  the  General  Hospital  and  a  trustee  of  Mount  Royal  Ceme- 
tery Association.  He  was  also  one  of  the  oldest  members  and  for  eleven  years  a 
deacon  and  twelve  vears  elder  of  the  Crescent  Street  Presbvterian  church  and 


174  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

when  other  interests  left  him  leisure  for  sports,  he  enjoyed  curling  and  became 
one  of  the  founders  of  the  Caledonia  Curling  Club. 

Mr.  Wilson  was  married  in  Scotland  to  Miss  Margaret  Stephen,  who  died 
in  Montreal  in  1856,  being  the  mother  of  two  children:  James,  a  resident  of 
Montreal ;  and  Margaret,  the  widow  of  Henry  Downs,  of  St.  Paul,  Minnesota. 
In  Alontreal,  in  1858,  Mr.  Wilson  married  Miss  Catherine  MacGregor,  a  daughter 
of  Daniel  MacGregor,  and  to  this  union  six  children  were  born :  Robert,  a  con- 
tractor residing  in  \'ancouver;  Lillias  Ann,  who  died  in  young  girlhood;  Lillias 
Isabella,  the  wife  of  Peter  C.  Small,  of  Vancouver ;  Christina,  who  married 
James  Sutherland  and  died  in  Montreal  in  1896;  Kate,  who  is  Mrs.  William  A. 
Coates,  of  Montreal;  and  John  William,  a  contractor  of  Montreal. 

On  the  14th  of  February,  1906,  Daniel  Wilson  was  called  from  this  life,  leav- 
ing behind  him  a  record  of  many  good  deeds  undertaken  for  the  benefit  of  his 
fellowmen  and  consummated  in  following  the  highest  ideals  of  manhood  and 
responsibility  toward  those  with  whom  and  for  whom  he  lived. 


ARTHUR  ECREMENT,  B.  A. 

Arthur  Ecrement,  who  for  many  years  has  figured  prominently  in  the  public 
life  of  the  province  and  is  a  well  known  representative  of  thejiotarial  profession, 
was  born  at  St.  Gabriel  de  Brandon,  on  the  29th  of  June,  1879.  Liberal  educa- 
tional opportunities  were  accorded  him  and  after  attending  Montreal  College  and 
Laval  University  he  entered  upon  public  life.  In  fact  his  activities  have  always 
been  of  a  public  or  semi-public  character  and  his  labors  have  been  of  far-reaching 
and  beneficial  effect.  For  five  years  he  was  secretary  to  the  Hon.  R.  Dandurand, 
speaker  of  the  senate,  and  he  was  also  secretary  of  the  liberal  organization  of  the 
district  of  Montreal.  He  was  first  elected  to  the  house  of  commons  in  190S,  in  the 
liberal  interests,  and  his  efforts  as  a  member  of  that  body  have  been  pursued  with 
a  singleness  of  purpose  in  the  interest  of  general  progress  and  good  government. 
He  brings  to  bear  in  the  discharge  of  his  duties  executive  ability,  keen  insight 
into  the  situation  and  a  loyalty  to  the  public  good  that  is  above  ([uestion. 


RE\\  FRANK  CHARTERS. 

One  of  the  most  popular  and  able  ministers  in  the  .Anglican  church  in  eastern 
Canada  is  Rev.  Frank  Charters,  who  for  the  past  seventeen  years  has  done 
earnest  and  zealous  work  as  rector  of  St.  Simon's  church,  Montreal.  He  is  a  man 
of  force,  experience  and  capacity,  high  in  his  ideals,  earnest  in  his  purposes  and 
straightforward  in  his  methods,  and  his  labors  have  been  potent  forces  in  the 
spread  of  the  doctrines  in  which  he  believes  and  in  the  promotion  of  the  moral 
development  of  the  community  in  which  he  resides. 

Dr.  Charters  was  born  in  Montreal,  March  16,  1865,  and  ac(|uirc(l  his  ]irc- 
liminary  education  at  .Arnold  school  and  Fettis  College.  He  afterward  entered 
McGill  Universitv.  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  188S..    In  the 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  175 

same  year  he  completed  a  course  in  the  Montreal  Diocesan  College,  and  in  191 1 
he  was  given  the  honorary  degree  of  D.  C.  L.  from  the  University  of  Bishop's 
College  in  Lennoxville.  He  is  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  Diocesan  College  and 
a  member  of  the  corporation  of  the  University  of  Bishop's  College.  He  was 
ordained  deacon  in  the  Anglican  church  in  188S  and  received  full  orders  in  the 
following  year,  going  immediately  afterward  lo  Iron  Hill  and  West  Brome, 
Quebec,  of  which  he  became  Incumbent.  In  i8g6  he  was  transferred  to  Mon- 
treal, and  here  since  that  time  he  has  done  earnest  and  capable  work  as  rector  of 
St.  Simon's  parish.  This  congregation  was  organized  in  1892  and  the  church 
building  erected  in  the  same  year  by  Dean  Carmichael.  Rev.  Samuel  Massey  was 
first  pastor  and  officiated  until  the  spring  of  1896,  Dr.  Charters  succeeding  him. 
The  latter  has  proved  a  capable  and  efficient  rector,  fully  conscious  of  the  obliga- 
tions and  responsibilities  which  devolve  upon  him,  and  he  has  accomplished  in 
the  course  of  years  a  great  deal  of  consecrated  work  among  his  people,  whose 
love  he  holds  in  large  measure.  He  is,  moreover,  a  man  of  good  business  ability 
and  foresight,  and  the  affairs  of  his  parish  have  been  ably  administered  and  the 
funds  carefully  conserved.  Dr.  Charters  has  two  hundred  and  seventy-five  fami- 
lies under  his  charge  and  manages  a  church  property  valued  at  fifty  thousand 
dollars.  He  is  very  popular  among  people  of  all  denominations  in  Montreal  and 
his  unostentatious  life,  filled  with  well  directed  and  zealous  labor  and  characterized 
by  earnest  personal  service,  has  brought  him  the  esteem  and  confidence  of  all  who 
are  associated  with  him. 


JOHN  T.  WILSON. 


The  life  record  of  John  T.  Wilson  spanned  si.xty-four  years.  He  was  born  in 
Greenup,  Scotland,  February  9,  1841,  and  died  in  Montreal  on  the  23d  of  Feb- 
ruary, 1905.  His  parents  were  John  and  Mary  (Thomson)  Wilson,  the  former  a 
sea  captain.  The  youth  of  John  T.  Wilson  was  marked  by  events  and  experiences 
such  as  come  to  the  lot  of  all.  He  reached  a  turning  point  on  the  journey  of 
life,  however,  when  he  bade  adieu  to  friends  and  native  country  and  sailed  for 
Canada.  Settling  in  Alontreal,  in  1866,  he  became  one  of  the  city's  foremost  busi- 
ness men,  his  name  being  engraved  high  on  the  roll  of  those  who  contributed 
most  largely  to  the  commercial  greatness  and  consequent  prosperity  of  the  citv. 
He  was  for  forty  years  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Wilson,  Paterson  & 
Company,  importers  and  general  manufacturers'  agents,  continuing  in  active  busi- 
ness until  his  demise.  The  volume  of  trade  developed  with  the  growth  of  the 
city  and  had  its  inception  in  the  progressive  methods,  initiative  spirit  and 
undaunted  enterprise  of  the  partners. 

When  business  hours  were  over  and  the  cares  of  the  day  were  put  aside,  Mr. 
Wilson  greatly  enjoyed  a  game  of  golf  or  billiards.  His  interest,  too,  reached 
out  to  many  of  those  projects  which  recognize  the  needs  of  the  city  and  the 
claims  of  humanity.  He  attended  St.  Paul's  Presbyterian  church.  For  ten  years 
he  was  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  was  ever  keenly 
alive  to  the  projects  instituted  by  that  society  for  the  benefit  and  upbuilding  of 
the  city.     He  belonged  to  the  Canadian  and  St.  Tames  Clubs  of  Montreal,  and 


176  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

the  Hunt  Club.  His  business  activity  was  evenly  balanced  with  his  honorable 
methods  in  trade;  his  interest  in  club  life  and  in  manly  outdoor  sports  giving  him 
the  necessary  rest  and  recreation  from  that  line  of  work  which  takes  strong  hold 
upon  the  emotions  and  calls  forth  the  more  tender  sentiment  in  nature.  In  a 
word,  his  was  a  well  rounded  character  and  his  place  as  a  representative  citizen 
of  Alontreal  none  contest. 


CHARLES    BYRD. 


Successful  in  business,  Charles  Byrd  rejoiced  in  his  prosperity  not  so  much 
because  of  the  opportunities  which  came  to  him  from  his  wealth,  but  because  it 
enabled  him  to  again  and  again  aid  his  fellowmen.  In  this  he  was  prompted  by 
no  sense  of  duty  but  by  a  higher  interest  in  humanity — a  genuine  regard  for 
his  fellow  travelers  upon  life's  journey.  His  hand  was  ever  downreaching 
to  aid  those  who  were  struggling  to  raise  and  he  shed  around  him  much  of  the 
sunshine  of  life  not  only  through  his  material  assistance,  but  also  through  the 
words  of  encouragement  and  inspiration  which  he  spoke. 

Mr.  Byrd  was  born  at  Lachute,  province  of  Quebec,  March  4,  1848,  and  was 
therefore  sixty-three  years  of  age  when  he  passed  away  at  Nassau,  Bahama 
Islands,  on  the  3d  of  March,  191 1.  He  had  been  a  resideit  of  Montreal  from 
early  manhood,  embarking  in  the  grocery  business  upon  his  arrival  here.  This  he 
abandoned  to  enter  the  Munderloh  firm  in  1868,  at  which  time  its  founder,  Wil- 
liam C.  Munderloh  was  in  control.  After  the  death  of  this  gentleman  Mr.  Byrd 
entered  into  partnership  with  Henry  Alunderloh,  son  of  William  C.  Munderloh, 
in  the  continuation  of  the  business.  In  1909  the  firm  was  organized  as  a  joint 
stock  company  and  Mr.  Byrd  had  active  voice  in  its  control,  assisting  in  formulat- 
ing plans  which  had  to  do  with  its  substantial  growth  and  progress.  It  became 
one  of  the  important  enterprises  of  the  kind  in  the  city  and  through  his  connec- 
tion therewith  Air.  Byrd  won  notable,  gratifying  and  enviable  success. 

Mr.  Byrd  was  united  in  marriage  in  1873  to  Miss  Kate  Macdonald,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  Alexander  Roy  Macdonald  of  Montreal.  During  the  last  years  of  his 
life  Mr.  Byrd  was  in  poor  health  and,  accompanied  by  his  wife,  had  spent  two 
winters  in  the  West  Indies.  He  went  again  in  February,  191 1,  in  order  to 
escape  the  rigors  of  the  Canadian  winter  and  there  passed  away  on  the  3d  of 
March. 

His  memory  is  enshrined  in  a  halo  of  good  deeds,  for  lie  was  continually 
active  in  support  of  organized  charities  or  in  individual  assistance.  He  gave 
liberally  to  a  number  of  the  benevolent  organizations  of  Montreal  and  served  on 
the  board  of  management  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane  at  \'erdun  to 
which  he  made  a  contribution  of  five  thousand  dollars.  He  was  also  one  of  the 
board  of  managers  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital  to  which  he  gave  ten  thou- 
sand dollars:  was  vice  president  of  the  TVotestant  House  of  Industry  and  Refuge 
at  Longue  Pointe,  to  which  he  gave  ten  thousand  dollars ;  was  vice  ]iresident  of 
the  Moore  Home  and  an  officer  of  the  Irish  l^rotestant  I'enevolent  Society,  to 
which  his  contribution  was  five  thousand  dollars.  lie  gave  twenty-five  hundred 
dollars  to  the  Western  Ceneral  Hosjjital ;  two  thousand  dollars  to  the  Alexandra 


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HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  179 

Hospital ;  two  thousand  to  the  Montreal  Protestant  Ori)han  Asylum  ;  five  hun- 
dred dollars  to  the  Boys"  Home;  one  thousand  dollars  to  St.  Patrick's  Society, 
a  goodly  sum  to  the  Erskine  church  for  home  movements  and  a  sum  of  twenty- 
five  thousand  dollars  for  foreign  movements.  He  was  an  elder  of  the  old  St. 
Gabriel  church  on  St.  Catherine  street  and  afterward  joined  the  Ivrskine  Presby- 
terian church  when  it  was  amalgamated  with  the  Chalmers  church.  .\  high- 
minded  Christian  gentleman,  the  principles  of  his  religion  permeated  his  life  in 
all  of  its  different  connections  and  his  contribution  to  the  world's  progress  along 
moral  and  religious  lines  was  a  valuable  one. 


DAVID  MORRICE. 


The  life  record  of  David  Morrice  might  be  summed  up  in  the  term  successful 
achievement.  It  has,  however,  been  more  than  the  success  that  is  calculated  in  the 
terms  of  dollars  and  cents,  for  his  outlook  of  life  has  ever  been  broad,  his  concep- 
tions of  its  opportunities  accurate  and  his  recognition  of  its  duties  and  obliga- 
tions correct.  He  has  as  fully  and  carefully  met  the  last  mentioned  as  he  has 
his  chances  in  a  business  way.  While  he  has  passed  the  eighty-fourth  milestone 
on  life's  journey,  in  spirit  and  interest  he  seems  yet  in  his  prime.  To  him  might 
be  applied  the  words  of  Victor  Hugo :  "The  snows  of  age  are  upon  his  head, 
but  the  spring  of  youth  is  in  his  heart."  He  was  born  in  St.  Martin,  Perthshire, 
Scotland,  August  ii,  1829,  and  after  acquiring  his  early  education  there,  started 
in  business  life  as  an  employe  in  dry-goods  stores,  remaining  for  some  time  in 
that  connection  in  Dublin,  Liverpool,  Manchester  and  London.  The  growing 
western  country  attracted  him  with  its  almost  limitless  opportunities,  and  in  1863 
he  established  himself  in  Montreal  where  he  founded  the  business  that  has  since 
become  one  of  the  most  important  commercial  enterprises  of  the  city.  Under  the 
name  of  The  D.  Morrice  Company  the  business  is  now  one  of  extensive  propor- 
tions. Manufacturers'  agents  and  general  merchants,  they  have  one  of  the  largest 
and  best  appointed  establishments  of  the  city,  and  Mr.  Morrice  is  also  at  the  head 
of  important  productive  industries  and  is  said  to  be  one  of  the  best  authorities 
in  cotton  matters  in  the  Dominion.  He  is  president  of  Penman's  Limited ;  of 
the  Canadian  Cottons,  Ltd. ;  and  of  the  Montreal  Investment  &  Freehold  Com- 
pany. He  is  likewise  a  director  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal ;  of  the  Dominion  Tex- 
tile Company ;  and  of  the  Mount  Royal  Cemetery  Company.  While  he  has  now  in 
large  measure  retired  from  active  management  of  these  interests,  his  opinions 
still  carry  w'eight  in  business  councils,  and  his  judgment  and  discrimination  are 
those  of  a  man  of  not  more  than  three  score  years  and  ten.  \\'hile  conducting 
important  and  extensive  commercial  and  manufacturing  interests,  he  has  found 
time  to  become  a  factor  in  the  management  and  control  of  many  projects  for  the 
benefit  of  his  fellowmen  in  the  alleviation  of  the  hardships  of  life  for  the  unfortu- 
nate. He  is  now  vice  president  of  the  Montreal  Tubercular  Association ;  president 
of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital :  j^resident  of  the  Montreal  Sailors'  Insti- 
tute;  president  of  the  Mackay  Institute  for  the  Deaf  and  Dumb;  and  governor  of 
the  Montreal  Boys'  Home.  He  has  long  been  an  interested  member  of  the  Mon- 
treal .Art  Association  of  which  he  is  one  of  the  councillors  and  he  maintains 


180  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

an  equal  interest  in  Christian  education  as  chairman  of  the  board  of  managers 
of  the  Montreal  Presbyterian  College,  in  which  position  he  has  remained  for 
forty-two  years.  He  has  ever  been  a  firm  believer  in  the  early  religious  training 
of  the  young  and  has  labored  untiringly  to  advance  the  interests  of  moral  direc- 
tion for  the  youth  of  the  land.  In  1905  he  was  chosen  vice  president  of  the  Quebec 
Simday  School  Union  and  in  iyo2  was  president  of  the  Presbyterian  Sunday 
School  Association.  In  1882  he  erected  the  David  Morrice  Hall  of  the  Montreal 
Presbyterian  College  at  a  cost  of  ninety  thousand  dollars.  His  gift  to  the  Mon- 
treal General  Hospital  in  1906  made  that  institution  richer  by  twenty-five  thousand 
dollars  and  in  1910  he  gave  ten  thousand  dollars  to  the  Montreal  Art  Association. 

On  the  14th  of  June,  i860,  Mr.  Morrice  married  Anne  S.  Anderson  of  Toronto, 
and  of  their  children,  William  J.  and  David  J.,  are  connected  with  The  D.  Morrice 
('ompany.  The  others  are  Robert  B.,  who  is  connected  with  Penman's  Limited; 
Arthur  A.,  a  resident  of  Toronto;  James  Wilson,  a  distinguished  artist;  and  a 
daughter,  who  is  now  the  wife  of  Allen  G.  Law,  of  the  firm  of  Law,  Young  & 
Company  of  ^lontreal.  The  son,  James  Wilson  Morrice,  born  in  Alontreal  in 
1864,  attended  the  city  scliools  and  the  Toronto  University  and  afterward 
developed  his  art  talent  by  study  in  Paris.  He  has  not  only  won  high  reputation 
in  that  city  but  also  in  London  and  is  considered  one  of  the  greatest  painters  of 
Brittany  coast  scenes.  He  has  been  a  frequent  exhibitor  at  the  Paris  Salon  and 
one  of  his  pictures  has  been  purchased  by  the  French  government  and  another  by 
the  Canadian  government  for  the  National  Art  Gallery  at  Ottawa.  He  largely 
paints  landscapes,  yet  gives  some  attention  to  figures  and  in  all  of  his  work 
there  is  an  even  balance  maintained  between  technique,  creative  faculty  and  poetic 
feeling. 

Mr.  David  Morrice  is  now  eighty-four  years  of  age,  but  still  maintains  deep 
and  active  interest  in  the  church  and  in  the  benevolent  and  civic  projects  with 
which  he  is  identified.  Moreover,  he  still  holds  membership  in  the  St.  James 
Club,  the  Montreal  Club,  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  the  Montreal  Hunt  Club  and 
the  Forest  and  Stream  Club.  Someone  has  said,  "there  is  an  old  age  which 
need  not  suggest  idleness  or  lack  of  occupation ;  on  the  contrary  there  is  an  old 
age  which  grows  stronger  and  better,  mentally  and  morally  as  the  years  advance 
and  gives  out  of  the  rich  stores  of  its  wisdom  and  experience  for  the  benefit 
of  others."'    Such  is  the  record  of  David  Morrice. 


J.  F.  DUBREUIL. 


One  of  the  able  advocates  of  Montreal  and  one  who  has  filled  with  honor 
various  official  positions,  is  J.  F.  Dubreuil,  a  descendant  of  a  distinguished  family 
which  has  found  mention  in  Abbe  Tanguay's  "I  )ictionnaire  Genealogique."  In 
this  book  L'Abbe  Cyjjrien  Tanguay  mentions  among  the  earliest  ancestors  of  the 
house  of  Dubreuil  the  following.  Christo];)her  Dubreuil,  born  in  ifKjfi;  Jean  Dti 
Breuil,  born  in  1655,  a  son  of  Pierre  and  Catherine  (Gosselin)  Du  lireuil,  married 
September  28,  1682,  at  Montreal;  wife  died  December  22,  1685:  one  child:  mar- 
ried  August  6,   1686,   Ste.   Famille   Marguerite  Gaultier:   seven   children.     Jean 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  181 

Eticnnc  Dubreuil  was  a  tiotaire  royal  and  a  hrotlicr  of  the  al)ove  nicntioned  Jean. 
He  married  twice  and  had  a  family  of  many  sons  and  daughters. 

J.  F.  Dubreuil  was  born  at  Lachine,  province  of  Quebec,  January  24,  1845, 
and  is  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Helene  (Barre)  Dubreuil,  the  former  of  Pointe  aux 
Trembles  and  the  latter,  of  Montreal.  The  father  was  for  many  years  a  notary 
])ublic.  J.  F.  Dubreuil  received  his  education  at  the  Jesuit  College  of  Montreal, 
famed  for  its  thorough  teachers,  and  completed  the  course  of  instruction  by 
graduation  on  February  6,  1866.  He  subsequently  engaged  as  an  advocate  and 
as  he  was  able,  capable  and  conscientious,  soon  enjoyed  a  profitable  practice,  his 
services  being  demanded  by  a  representative  clientele.  He  served  from  1873  to 
1882  as  deputy  clerk  of  the  crown  and  peace,  and  from  June,  1883,  until  June, 
1889,  as  deputy  sheriff  of  Montreal. 

On  January  26,  1869,  at  Sorel,  Mr.  Dubreuil  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Marie  L.  C.  Beaupre  and  they  have  the  following  children :  J.  F.  L.,  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  Commercial  Travelers  Association ;  George,  who  is  employed  in  the 
registry  office  at  Hochelaga;  Charles,  of  Richelieu,  Ontario;  and  Raoul,  who  is 
with  the  Canadian  Electric  Company. 

In  his  political  faith  Mr.  Dubreuil  is  a  conservative,  giving  his  support  to  that 
organization.  For  many  years  he  has  made  Montreal  his  home  and  has  witnessed 
the  change  from  a  comparatively  small  city  to  that  of  a  world's  metropolis,  having 
participated  in  bringing  about  the  transformation  according  to  the  best  of  his 
ability.  He  is  deeply  interested  in  the  growth  of  the  city  along  material,  as  well 
as  intellectual,  lines  and  as  he  has  always  lived  a  life  of  conscientious  righteous- 
ness, is  highly  esteemed  and  respected  in  the  community  where  he  is  widely  known. 


JOHN  RANKIN. 


No  worthy  enterprise  of  Montreal  sought  in  vain  the  assistance  of  John 
Rankin,  and  his  public  spirit  found  expression  in  tangible  effort  for  the  general 
good.  At  the  same  time  he  conducted  important  business  affairs  as  representative 
of  large  corporate  interests  of  his  native  land.  He  was  born  in  Lanark,  Scotland, 
in  1825,  and  had  traveled  far  on  life's  journey  when  death  called  him  February 
27,  1908.  Coming  to  Canada  in  1854,  he  carried  on  business  first  under  his  own 
name  and  afterward  as  senior  partner  in  the  firm  of  Rankin,  Beattie  &  Company. 
He  also  represented  J.  &  P.  Coates,  the  world  renowned  thread  manufacturers 
of  Paisley,  for  many  years,  and  was  instrumental  in  establishing  for  them  a 
large  Canadian  business.  He  was  likewise  financial  agent  for  the  house  of  Arthur 
&  Company,  of  Glasgow,  and  in  the  further  development  of  his  business  interests 
became  one  of  the  founders  of  the  Shedden  Company  and  of  the  Guarantee 
Company  of  North  America.  As  his  worth  and  business  talent  became  recognized 
his  cooperation  was  sought  along  many  lines  and  when  keen  business  judgment 
prompted  his  investment  in  any  interest  he  was  almost  at  once  accorded  voice 
in  the  management.  He  became  a  promoter  of  the  New  York  Daily  Graphic, 
the  Consolidated  Bank  and  of  the  Montreal  &  Sorel  Railway,  now  a  part  of  the 
Delaware  &  Hudson  system.  As  a  business  man,  his  position  was  second  to  none 
and  his  record  was  one  which  any  man  might  be  proud  to  possess.    He  never  made 


182  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

engagements  that  he  did  not  keep,  nor  incurred  obligations  that  he  did  not  meet, 
and  his  name  became  a  recognized  synonym  of  integrity  and  enterprise  in  com- 
mercial and  industrial  circles.  At  River  David,  in  1861,  Air.  Rankin  was  married 
to  Miss  Louisa  S.  C.  Wurtele,  a  daughter  of  Jonathan  Wurtele,  in  his  life  time, 
Seignor  of  River  David.  The  following  children  were  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Rankin:  James  L.,  a  contractor  of  Montreal;  Archibald  J.,  who  resides  in  Edmon- 
ton, Alberta,  where  he  is  a  clerk  in  the  government  offices ;  John,  who  is  a  civil 
engineer,  residing  at  Victoria,  British  Columbia ;  Norman  S.,  who  is  connected 
with  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  at  Calgary ;  Allan  C,  a  bacteriologist  in  the 
employ  of  the  Siam  government,  at  Bangkok ;  A.  G.  Ernest,  who  is  a  notary  of 
Montreal;  Louisa  M.,  who  is  Mrs.  John  Fair,  of  Montreal;  and  Isobel  S.,  at  home. 

None  ever  questioned  Mr.  Rankin's  interest  in  the  city  and  the  general  welfare 
of  its  people.  He  stood  for  all  those  things  which  are  a  feature  in  civic  better- 
ment and  his  interest  in  moral  progress  was  evidenced  in  his  membership  in  St. 
Paul's  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  he  was  secretary  and  treasurer  when  the 
present  edifice  was  erected.  He  was  also  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital.  His  high  standing  is  further  indicated  in  the  fact  that  his  name  was 
on  the  membership  roll  of  St.  James  Club.  To  him  were  accorded  the  "blest 
accompaniments  of  age — honor,  riches,  troops  of   friends." 

The  summer  home  of  Mrs.  Rankin  is  "Manor  House,"  Pointe  Seche,  County 
Kamouraska,  Quebec. 


EMMANUEL  PERSILLIER  LACHAPELLE,   M.   D. 

While  Dr.  Emmanuel  Persillier  Lachapelle  has  gained  prominence  and  won 
honor  in  various  directions,  perhaps  the  one  act  which  will  longest  stand  as 
an  enduring  monument  to  his  worth  and  work  will  be  the  creation  of  the  board 
of  health  of  the  province  of  Quebec,  of  which  he  is  now  the  president.  His 
efforts  were  a  potent  factor  in  bringing  about  the  organization  of  this  board, 
the  far-reaching  effects  of  which  are  immeasurable.  In  this  and  other  connec- 
tions he  has  entered  upon  a  campaign  of  education  for  the  purpose  of  bringing 
to  the  public  a  knowledge  of  sanitary  and  health  conditions  that  will  forever 
prevent  widespread  contagion  and  check  the  ravages  of  disease  even  in  indi- 
vidual cases.  A  man  of  strong  character  and  wide  knowledge  of  men  and 
things,  his  life  work  has  by  no  means  reached  its  full  fruition.  Li  private  and 
hospital  practice  he  has  gained  eminence  and  his  name  is  associated  with  one 
of  the  strongest  and  best  equipped  medical  schools  of  the  country. 

Dr.  Lachajjelle  was  born  on  the  21st  of  December,  1845,  at  Sault  au  Recollet, 
Quebec,  his  jjarents  being  Pierre  Persillier  and  Marie  Zoe  (Toupin)  Lacha- 
pelle, descendants  of  some  of  the  earliest  settlers  of  New  France.  His  father 
was  born  at  Cote  des  Neiges,  in  the  county  of  Hochelaga,  in  the  province  of 
Quebec.  Making  his  home  at  Sault  ;iu  Reo)llet  he  followed  farming  and  was 
proprietor  of  grain  mills.  His  ])arents  were  Pascal  Persillier  and  Marie 
(Ladouceur)  Lachapelle,  who  lived  at  Cote  des  Neiges.  The  maternal  grand- 
parents of  Dr.  Lachapelle  were  Charles  P.  and  .\ngelique  (Leduc)  Toupin,  of 
Montreal.     The  ancestors  came  to  this  countr\-  in  the  early  days  of  the  French 


UR.  EMMANUEL  P.  LACHAPELLE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  185 

colony  and  were  married  at  Laprairie,  near  Montreal,   on  the   south   shore  of 
the  St.  Lawrence  river. 

After  acquiring  a  classical  education  in  the  -Montreal  College  Dr.  Lachapelle 
entered  upon  the  study  of  medicine  in  the  old  Montreal  School  of  Medicine 
and  Surgery  and  after  a  brilliant  course  was  admitted  to  practice  in  1869. 
From  the  first  years  of  his  professional  life  he  devoted  considerable  attention 
to  the  question  of  hygienic  science.  He  continued  his  reading  and  research 
after  leaving  college  and  is  still  as  keen  and  devoted  a  student  as  ever.  He 
has  long  been  ranked  as  a  successful  practitioner  of  high  standing  in  Montreal, 
especially  prominent  in  the  field  of  hygiene. 

In  1872  Dr.  Lachapelle  was  appointed  surgeon  of  the  Sixty-fifth  Regiment, 
Mount  Royal  Rifles,  and  retained  the  appointment  until  1886.  He  was  unable 
to  accompany  the  regiment  on  active  service  to  the  northwest  in  1885,.  owing 
to  the  demands  of  his  ]3rofessional  engagements,  but  he  personally  superin- 
tended the  preparation  of  the  medical  equipment  which  the  regiment  took  on 
service  and  secured  the  services  of  an  assistant  surgeon,  who  went  with  the 
.egiment. 

Dr.  Lachapelle  took  a  very  active  part  in  the  refounding  of  the  medical 
legislation  and  in  1878  was  elected  a  governor  and  the  treasurer  of  the  College 
of  Physicians  and  Surgeons  of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  retaining  an  official 
connection  with  that  important  body  almost  continuously  since,  while  for  nine 
years  he  has  held  the  position  of  president.  At  the  time  of  the  memorable  small- 
pox epidemic  in  Montreal  in  1885-6,  when  hundreds  of  new  cases  of  t"he  disease 
were  reported  daily,  until  the  death  rate  claimed  ten  thousand  victims,  and 
when  the  city  was  practically  placed  in  a  state  of  quarantine  in  respect  to  the 
rest  of  the  continent,  Dr.  Lachapelle  came  to  the  front  as  an  'outspoken  and 
fearless  advocate  of  the  drastic  measures  adopted  to  check  the  disease.  The 
contagion  was  spreading  so  rapidly  throughout  the  country  that  it  became  neces- 
sary to  take  advantage  of  an  old  statute  law  and  to  create  a  central  board  of 
health  which  would  apply  throughout  the  province  means  for  prevention  and 
cure.  Such  a  course  had  previously  been  adopted  in  Montreal.  The  moment 
the  horror  of  the  great  pestilence  was  at  an  end  Dr.  Lachapelle  proceeded  to 
organize  the  forces  of  medical  science  for  the  conservation  of  the  health  of  the 
people.  He  was  chiefly  instrumental  in  getting  the  provincial  government  to 
pass  a  law  for  the  creation  of  a  provincial  board  of  health  with  powers 
coterminus  with  provincial  bounds.  Prior  to  that  time  there  was  only  a 
local  authority  operating  within  restricted  bounds.  From  that  time  forward  the 
body  which  Dr.  Lachapelle  may  be  said  to  have  created  was  to  have  jurisdiction 
over  the  whole  province.  The  beneficial  results  of  this  measure  were  soon  seen 
in  better  methods,  improved  sanitation  and,  above  all,  in  the  general  vaccination 
of  the  people  who  had  been  so  terribly  scourged  because  of  the  lack  of  this 
preventative  in  1885.  For  the  most  important  and  valuable  work  which  he  did 
in  this  connection  Dr.  Lachapelle  received  high  encomiums  from  all  sections 
of  the  American  continent  and  from  foreign  lands  as  well,  not  the  least  flatter- 
ing being  the  recognition  of  the  French  republic  in  1898  which  conferred  upon 
him  the  Order  of  the  Legion  of  Honor.  With  the  establishment  of  the  provincial 
board  of  health  he  was  appointed  its  president,  a  position  which  he  has  since 
filled  with  credit  to  himself  and  great  advantage  to  the  entire  province. 


186  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Moreover  the  name  of  Dr.  Lachapelle  has  been  intimately  associated  with  the 
effort  to  improve  medical  legislation  and  to  raise  the  standard  of  medical  educa- 
tion in  Quebec.  On  the  establishment  of  a  branch  of  Laval  University  in 
Montreal,  decided  upon  in  1878,  and  the  inauguration  of  the  medical  faculty  in 
temporary  class-rooms  in  the  old  Chateau  du  Ramezay,  on  Notre  Dame  street,  he 
was  one  of  the  most  ardent  instigators  and  supporters  of  the  movement  and  con- 
tributed in  a  great  measure  to  its  success.  At  the  present  time  he  holds  the 
positions  of  dean  of  the  medical  faculty  at  the  university  and  of  professor  of 
hygiene;  from  1876  until  1894  he  was  proprietor  and  editor  of  L'Union  Medicale. 
In  1885  he  had  the  honor  of  presiding  as  president  over  the  convention  of  the 
American  Public  Health  Association.  He  had  the  honor  of  being  elected  an 
associate  member  of  the  Societe  Frangaise  d'Hygiene  of  Paris.  He  has  been 
closely  and  prominently  associated  with  the  Notre  Dame  Hospital  ever  since  its 
establishment  and  can  almost  be  called  its  founder.  The  splendid  institution 
which  owes  its  establishment  partly  to  the  clinical  requirements  of  the  then 
recently  founded  medical  faculty  of  Laval  was  incorporated  in  1880,  Dr. 
Lachapelle  being  a  member  of  the  board  of  governors  and  holding  the  position 
of  general  superintendent  until  1906,  while  to  the  present  time  he  is  president  of 
the  hospital. 

A  stanch  member  of  the  liberal  party,  Dr.  Lachapelle  has  often  been  iirged  to 
become  a  candidate  in  nomination  for  political  preferment  but  although  willing 
to  use  his  influence  for  the  benefit  of  his  party  he  has  invariably  declined  to 
accept  a  nomination  because  of  a  sense  of  duty  toward  his  professional  interests 
and  benevolent  engagements.  In  1902  he  was  urged  by  many  of  the  most  influ- 
ential citizens  of  Montreal,  both  French  and  English,  irrespective  of  party  to 
accept  nomination  for  the  mayoralty.  He  did  accept  provisionally  but  later 
withdrew  to  avoid  racial  complications.  When  the  city  government  was  changed 
about  three  years  ago  it  was  deemed  fitting  that  one  so  eminent  as  an  authority 
on  sanitation  and  hygiene  and  one  so  dignified  and  high-minded  as  a  fqremost 
citizen  should  be  a  member  of  the  new  board  which  was  henceforth  to  administer 
the  affairs  of  the  city.  The  Doctor  has  little  inclination  for  publicity  but  yielded 
to  the  appeals  addressed  to  him  and  became  controller  of  JMontreal.  He  has 
made  a  most  admirable  official,  the  value  of  his  service  being  widely  recognized. 
It  is  his  desire  to  accomplish  the  best  possible  measures  of  reform  during  his  term 
of  office,  and  his  efforts  have  already  been  productive  of  great  good.  He  was 
elected  in  1910  for  a  term  of  four  years. 

Aside  from  his  professional  and  public  activities  previously  mentioned  Dr. 
Lachapelle  is  also  a  director  of  the  Credit  Foncier  Franco-Canadien  and  of  other 
financial  institutions  and  life  insurance  companies.  He  has  been  identified  with 
various  national  and  benevolent  movements  and  in  1876  had  the  lionor  of  serving 
as  general  president  of  the  St.  Jean  P)aptiste  Society.  He  is  also  a  member  of 
the  liritish  Medical  Association,  the  Canadian  Medical  Association,  the  .American 
Public  Health  .Association,  Societe  Medicale  de  Montreal,  the  Medico-Chirurgical 
Society  of  Montreal,  the  Royal  Edward  Institute  of  Montreal  and  the  Canadian 
Anti-Tuberculosis  League.  He  has  been  attending  pliysician  to  the  Ilntel-Dieu 
and  other  institutions,  and  served  as  a  delegate  from  tlic  Canadian  go\ernment 
to  the  second  Pan-American  Medical  Congress  held  in  Mexico  in  i8()(),  and  to 
other  similar  bodies.     He  has  been  a  frequent  contriljutor  to  medical  literature, 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  187 

writing  largely  for  the  Union  Medicale  du  Canada  and  other  periodicals.  He 
is  a  councillor  of  the  University  Club  and  a  member  of  the  metropolitan  parks 
commission.  In  religious  faith  he  is  a  Roman  Catholic  and  in  j)olitical  belief  a 
liberal.  He  belongs  to  the  Mount  Royal,  University  and  Montreal  Jockey  Clubs. 
By  reason  of  notable  ability  he  has  attained  to  a  position  of  prominence  and 
power  and  has  been  termed  "a  second  Laurier."  Were  his  ambitions  along  politi- 
cal lines  he  would  undoubtedly  attain  distinction  in  that  field.  He  prefers, 
however,  the  even  broader  field  of  professional  activity  wdierein  his  scientific 
investigation  and  research  combined  with  practical  knowledge  and  skill  have 
gained  him  eminence  and  made  his  life  work  of  signal  serviceableness  to 
mankind. 


BERNARD  MELANCON. 

Bernard  Melancon,  a  notary  public  who  has  engaged  in  the  practice  of  his 
profession  for  more  than  four  years  in  Montreal,  was  born  at  St.  Jacques 
I'Achigan  on  the  20th  of  August,  1S81,  a  son  of  Moise  and  Elodie  (Gaudet) 
Melancon,  the  former  a  zouave  who  participated  in  active  military  duty  in  iSfK)- 
70.  The  son  attended  College  Ste.  Marie,  a  Jesuit  school,  and  Laval  University 
of  Montreal.  He  prepared  for  the  notarial  profession,  becoming  a  notary  on  the 
i6th  of  July,  1909,  after  which  he  was  associated  with  M.  M.  Loranger  under 
the  firm  name  of  Loranger  &  Alelancon.  Subsequently  he  became  a  member  of 
the  firm  of  Mayrand,  Loranger,  Ecrement  &  Melancon,  but  now  practices  as  a 
member  of  the  firm  Loranger,  Seguin  &  Melancon,  with  offices  at  No.  99  St.  James 
street,  Alontreal.  He  is  conducting  a  successful  business  and  stands  well  in  the 
profession,  possessing  the  comprehensive  knowledge  so  necessary  to  success  as 
well  as  the  energy  and  ability  which  must  precede  progress  in  any  profession  or 
business  line. 

Mr.  Melancon  is  a  nationalist  in  political  faith  and  allegiance  and  in  religious 
belief  is  a  Roman  Catholic.  He  was  married  at  Montreal  on  the  i8th  of  June, 
1912,  to  Miss  Annette  Jodian,  a  daughter  of  L.  O.  Jodian,  who  died  on  the  17th 
of  May,  1913.  Mr.  Melancon  is  yet  a  young  man,  but  has  already  made  progress 
that  many  an  older  member  of  the  profession  might  well  envy,  and  his  past  record 
gives  indications  of  future  advancement. 


GABRIEL  HURTUBISE. 

The  earliest  record  of  the  Hurtubise  family  leads  back  to  one  Louis  Heur- 
tebise  (the  spelling  having  been  changed  later),  who  was  born  in  1667  and  mar- 
ried on  May  3,  1688,  at  Montreal,  Jeanne  Gatteau  and  died  on  January  24,  1703. 
The  present  generation  of  this  old  and  distinguished  French-Canadian  family  is 
represented  by  Gabriel  Hurtubise,  a  civil  engineer  and  land  surveyor,  who  is 
independently  established  in  business  under  the  firm  name  of  Hurtubise  & 
Hurtubise,  his  brother  Louis  being  his  partner.     He  was  born  on  November  3, 


188  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

1883,  in  the  city  of  Montreal,  and  is  a  son  of  Edwin  and  Emelie  (Brault)  Hur- 
tubise,  both  of  whom  have  passed  away.  The  father  was  prominent  in  insurance 
circles  in  Montreal  as  a  member  of  the  tirm  of  Hurtubise  &  St.  Cyr,  representa- 
tives of  the  Royal  Insurance  Company,  and  died  on  the  30th  of  December,  191 3, 
in  Montreal. 

Gabriel  Hurtubise  enjoyed  advantageous  educational  facilities  at  St.  Mary's 
College,  pursuing  his  more  professional  studies  at  the  Polytechnic  School  of  Laval 
University,  from  which  he  graduated  on  June  14,  1907,  as  civil  engineer,  and  on 
June  10,  1909,  as  land  surveyor.  He  has  since  been  prominently  engaged  in  this 
line  in  ^lontreal,  having  had  charge  of  most  important  contracts.  He  began  his 
career  under  F.  C.  Laberge,  C.  E.  and  Q.  L.  S.,  of  Montreal.  At  present  lie  is 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Hurtubise  &  Hurtubise,  who  are  doing  an  extensive 
and  profitable  business. 

On  Alay  30,  191 1,  at  Montreal,  Mr.  Hurtubise  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Yvette  Brault,  a  daughter  of  H.  A.  A.  Brault,  a  well  known  notary  of  this  city. 
In  his  political  views  Mr.  Hurtubise  is  independent,  preferring  to  entirely  follow 
his  judgment  in  support  of  candidates.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Catholic 
church.  Fraternally  he  is  a  member  of  La  Fontaine  Council  of  the  Knights  of 
Columbus.  Yet  a  young  man,  Gabriel  Hurtubise  has  already  made  his  mark  in  the 
world  and  has  taken  his  place  in  business  circles  of  Montreal.  Ambition  has 
been  the  beacon  light  of  his  life  and  his  career  again  is  proof  of  the  fact  that 
ambition,  coupled  with  industry  and  energy,  will  lead  to  success. 


GEORGE  BROWNING  CRAMP,  K.  C. 

George  Browning  Cramp  was  for  many  years  a  veteran  member  of  the 
Montreal  bar  and  a  distinguished  representative  of  the  profession,  his  opinions 
being  largely  accepted  as  authority  on  questions  of  real-estate  law,  in  which 
department  of  jurisprudence  he  specialized.  He  was  born  in  England  in  1833, 
a  son  of  Rev.  J.  M.  Cramp,  who  came  to  Montreal  to  accept  a  position  at  the 
Baptist  College.  For  years  he  was  at  the  head  of  Acadia  University  in 
Nova  Scotia  and  was  one  of  the  prominent  educators  in  the  maritime  provinces. 

In  the  schools  of  England  and  of  Nova  Scotia  George  B.  Cramp  pursued  his 
education  and  qualified  for  the  bar  as  a  student  in  the  law  office  of  J.  J.  Day,  K.  C, 
an  eminent  member  of  the  bar.  Thorough  and  careful  preliminary  training 
resulted  in  his  being  called  to  the  bar  about  1855  and  he  entered  upon  active 
practice  in  connection  with  his  former  preceptor.  The  latter  had  been  called  to 
the  bar  in  1837  and  was  one  of  the  most  distinguished  lawyers  of  Alontreal 
at  an  early  day.  Following  his  retirement,  Mr.  Cramp  entered  upon  active  pro- 
fessional association  with  A.  F.  Lunn,  K.  C,  under  the  style  of  Lunn  &  Cramp. 
a  connection  that  was  continued  until  the  death  of  Mr.  Lunn  in  1894.  Four 
years  later,  or  in  1898,  Mr.  Cramp  was  joined  by  J.  Armitage  Ewing,  K.  C,  under 
the  style  of  Cramp  &  Ewing,  and  two  years  later  they  admitted  George  S. 
McFadden,  at  which  time  the  firm  name  was  changed  to  Cramp,  Ewing  & 
McFadden.  This  relation  was  maintained  until  tlic  death  of  the  senior 
partner,    who    was    then    in    his    eightieth    year.       Wliile    well    versed    in    the 


GEORGE  B.  (RAMP 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  191 

various  departments  of  tiie  law,  he  specialized  in  the  field  of  real  estate 
and  became  an  expert  on  legal  (|uestions  relative  thereto.  He  was  regarded 
as  an  expert  in  the  matter  of  titles.  He  was  retained  in  a  consulting 
capacity  by  such  corporations  as  McGill  University,  Liverpool  &  London 
&  Globe  Insurance  Company,  the  Montreal  Loan  &  Mortgage  Company,  and  the 
White  Star  Dominion  Line.  He  remained  throughout  his  entire  professional 
career  an  active  and  discriminating  student  of  law,  constantly  broadening  his 
knowledge  by  reading  and  investigation,  as  well  as  experience. 

Mr.  Cramp  held  membership  in  the  Mount  Royal  Club  and  the  St.  James 
Clul)  and  was  a  casual  attendant  of  the  Olivet  Baptist  church.  For  many  years 
Mr.  Cramp  spent  the  summer  season  at  Saratoga,  New  York,  or  at  Lachine, 
while  his  city  residence  was  at  No.  62  McTavish  street,  where  his  sister,  the  last 
survivor  of  the  family,  now  resides.  He  passed  away  February  16,  1913,'  at  the 
age  of  eighty  years,  leaving  behind  him  the  record  of  a  well  spent  life,  in  which 
he  had  wisely  employed  his  time  and  talents. 


THOMAS  PRINGLE. 


High  on  the  list  of  mechanical  and  hydraulic  engineers  appears  the  name  of 
Thomas  Pringle.  Scientific  study,  investigation  and  experience  brought  him  to 
the  enviable  position  which  he  long  occupied,  making  his  word  authority  upon 
many  problems  relating  to  the  profession.  He  was  born  in  Huntingdon,  province 
of  Quebec,  in  1830,  and  died  in  Montreal  on  the  7th  day  of  May,  191 1.  His 
father,  David  Pringle,  was  a  farmer  of  Himtingdon  and  it  was  there  that  the 
son  was  reared  and  educated,  but  in  1850,  when  a  young  man  of  twenty  years, 
he  engaged  in  business  in  Montreal  as  a  milling  engineer  and  for  many  years 
was  prominently  connected  with  many  water  power  developments  and  mill  build- 
ing operations  throughout  Canada.  Every  phase  of  the  milling  business  seemed 
familiar  to  him  and  each  forward  step  that  he  made  seemed  to  bring  him  a  wider 
outlook  and  broader  opportunities.  He  later  interested  himself  in  the  Mont- 
gomery Cotton  Mills,  the  Hochelaga  and  St.  Ann's  Mills,  of  the  Dominion  Cot- 
ton Company,  and  the  ]\Iagog  Print  Mills,  owned  by  the  same  corporation.  His 
connection  with  all  these  different  important  projects  constituted  him  a  forceful 
factor  in  the  industrial  development  of  the  country.  He  was  thus  associated 
with  many  of  the  chief  productive  industries  of  Canada  and  beyond  this  he  became 
one  of  the  foremost  consulting  engineers.  It  was  in  the  '60s  that  his  attention  was 
first  attracted  to  the  water  power  possibilities  of  the  Lachine  Rapids,  which  were 
subsequently  utilized  by  the  Lachine  Rapids  Hydraulic  &  Land  Company.  At 
that  early  date,  now  more  than  half  a  century  ago,  he  made  preliminary  plans 
and  wrote  a  report  upon  the  feasibility  of  the  development  in  the  interests  of 
Hugh  Fraser,  founder  of  the  Eraser  Institute.  Mr.  Pringle  predicted  then  that 
the  water  power  would  some  day  be  used  and  he  lived  to  see  the  day  when  the?' 
prediction  was  fulfilled.  In  1891  he  was  again  asked  to  report  on  this  power 
in  the  interest  of  the  Royal  Electric  Company,  and  the  following  year  was  asked 
to  report  on  the  Chambly  water  power  for  the  same  concern.  In  1892  his  eldest 
son  was  admitted  to  the  business  under  the   firm   style  of  T.   Pringle  &  Son, 


192  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

hydraulic  engineers,  and  during  the  succeeding  three  years  close  observations 
were  made  and  much  data  accumulated  concerning  the  water  power  resources 
of  the  country,  the  firm  being  regarded  as  authority  upon  many  questions  relative 
thereto. 

Mr.  Pringle  retired  from  the  firm  in  1898  but  the  business  has  since  been 
continued  by  his  son  under  the  same  name.  His  services  were  greatly  sought, 
owing  to  his  sound  judgment,  his  scientific  attainments,  his  keen  insight,  and  his 
practical  experience.  He  was  considered  the  soul  of  honor  and  none  ever  ques- 
tioned his  integrity.  He  assisted  many  men  to  gain  a  start  in  life  and  many 
others  were  benefited  by  his  powers  of  perception  and  keen  insight.  His  services 
were  in  constant  demand  as  an  arbitrator  when  insurance  companies  were  con- 
cerned in  milling  matters.  John  McDougall  took  delight  in  giving  him  credit 
for  the  creation  of  the  large  McDougall  fortune  and  others  acknowledged  their 
indebtedness  to  him  in  a  similar  way.  As  a  natural  mathematician  he  perhaps  had 
no  superior  in  all  Canada  and  he  was  regarded  as  one  of  the  most  distinguished 
members  of  the  Canadian  Society  of  Civil  Engineers. 

In  1861  Mr.  Pringle  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Catherine  Ross,  a  daugh- 
ter of  Alexander  and  Isabella  (Lang)  Ross,  of  Chateauquay  Basin.  The 
mother,  who  came  from  Scotland  in  1832,  made  her  home  at  Chateauquay  Basin, 
until  death  called  her  at  the  notable  old  age  of  ninety-seven  years.  Alexander 
Ross  was  a  builder  and  assisted  in  the  construction  of  the  locks  at  Lachine  Canal 
but  his  death  occurred  when  he  was  yet  a  young  man.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pringle 
had  two  sons:  David  Alexander,  a  mechanical  engineer  of  Montreal;  and  R. 
E.  T.  Pringle.  of  Toronto,  an  electrical  engineer. 


ANDREW  JOSEPH  DAWES. 

One  of  Montreal's  foremost  business  men,  whose  prominent  identification 
with  the  financial  and  industrial  life  of  this  city  has  made  him  an  important 
factor  in  business  circles,  is  Andrew  J.  Dawes,  president  of  the  National  Brew- 
eries, Ltd.,  and  also  president  of  Dawes  &  Company,  Ltd.  The  latter  is  the 
oldest  established  industrial  institution  in  the  Dominion,  and  was  founded  more 
than  a  century  ago  by  Thomas  A.  Dawes,  the  grandfather  of  Andrew  J.  Dawes, 
who  was  the  first  of  the  family  to  leave  England  and  settle  in  Canada. 

Thomas  A.  Dawes  was  first  connected  with  the  brewery  at  River  St.  Pierre. 
Ambitious  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account,  he  established  the  Dawes 
Brewery  in  181 1,  placed  it  upon  a  substantial  and  profitable  basis  and  was  later 
joined  in  its  management  by  his  sons,  Thomas  A.  and  James  P.,  who  were 
admitted  to  a  partnership  in  the  business.  When  James  P.  Dawes  passed  away 
in  1878  his  share  in  the  business  passed  to  his  two  sons,  James  P.  Dawes,  Jr., 
and  Andrew  J.  Dawes,  who  then  became  associated  with  tlieir  uncle,  Thomas  A. 
Dawes,  in  continuing  the  business  which  developed  steadily  until  it  became  one 
of  the  most  extensive  enterprises  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion. 

Tliomas  Dawes,  Jr.,  son  of  Thomas  Dawes,  the  founder  of  the  family 
in  Canada,  was  familiarly  and  afifectionately  styled  Tom  throughout  Lachine 
and  wherever  he  was  known.     He  there  resided    for   nearly   eighty  years   and 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  193 

it  was  said  that  such  was  tlie  regularity  of  his  haijits  that  one  could  tell  the 
time  of  day  by  his  actions.  He  always  took  the  same  train  into  town  each 
morning  and  the  same  walk  in  the  evening  and  visited  the  bank  at  the  same 
hour  each  day.  His  life  w^as  to  the  utmost  methodical  and  systematic,  and  he  was 
modest  in  demeanor  and  of  retiring  disposition.  He  occupied  a  beautiful  home 
on  the  river  bank  of  Lachine  with  his  maiden  sister.  There  he  passed  away  on 
the  14th  of  May,  1908,  when  he  was  in  the  seventy-ninth  year  of  his  age,  his 
birth  having  occurred  in  Lachine  on  the  19th  of  Sei>tember,  1829. 

James  P.  Dawes,  Sr.,  another  son  of  Thomas  Dawes,  the  founder  of  the 
family  in  Canada,  married  a  Miss  Leishman,  who  died  in  1856,  leaving  three 
sons,  James  P,  Andrew  J.  and  Thomas  A.  James  P.  Dawes,  Sr.,  was  promi- 
nently identified  with  the  business  during  his  active  life,  and  contributed  his 
part  towards  its  progress  and  expansion.  He  died  in  1878.  His  son,  Andrew 
Joseph  Dawes  is  now  at  the  head  of  the  mammoth  business,  which  had  its  incep- 
tion in  the  brain  of  his  grandfather  and  took  on  material  form  through  his  efforts, 
and  grew  and  developed  through  the  labor  of  representatives  of  the  family  in 
intermediate  generations  to  the  present. 

To  accumulate  a  fortune  requires  one  kind  of  genius ;  to  retain  a  fortune 
already  acquired,  to  add  to  its  legitimate  increment  and  to  make  such  use  of  it 
that  its  possessor  may  derive  therefrom  the  greatest  enjoyment  and  the  public 
the  greatest  benefit,  requires  another  kind  of  genius.  Mr.  Dawes  belongs  to  that 
generation  of  business  men  called  upon  to  shoulder  responsibilities  diflfering 
materially  from  those  that  rested  upon  their  predecessors.  In  a  broader  field  of 
enterprise  they  find  themselves  obliged  to  deal  with  affairs  of  greater  magnitude 
and  to  solve  more  ditificult  and  complicated  financial  and  economic  problems. 
Such  is  the  position  in  which  Andrew  J.  Dawes  found  himself  and  he  has  proven 
at  all  times  equal  to  the  occasion  and  the  demands  made  upon  him. 

Born  in  Lachine,  June  15,  1846,  he  received  his  education  in  that  town,  and 
also  in  Montreal.  His  business  career  began  early  in  connection  with  the  inter- 
ests of  his  father  and  on  the  death  of  that  parent  he  assumed  additional  respon- 
sibilities in  the  business,  which  have  been  continued  to  the  present  time.  Mr. 
Dawes  has  been  a  prominent  factor  in  the  development  of  the  business.  With 
its  gradual  growth  facilities  were  increased,  new  buildings  were  added  and  the 
plant  has  thus  expanded  until  it  is  represented  by  immense  blocks  of  buildings, 
covering  several  acres  on  each  side  of  the  main  street  in  Lachine.  Aside  from  his 
extensive  interests  in  the  brewery  business,  Andrew  J.  Dawes  is  prominently 
identified  with  various  projects  and  organizations  for  the  development  and 
improvement  of  the  province  along  horticultural  and  agricultural  lines,  being 
especially  interested  in  the  subject  of  fruit  growing. 

He  is  a  director  of  the  Montreal  Horticultural  and  Fruit  Growing  Associa- 
tion ;  is  president  of  the  Council  of  Agriculture  of  the  Province  of  Canada,  and 
at  one  time  was  president  of  the  Lachine  Horticultural  Association.  He  is  a 
director  of  the  Merchants  Bank  and  holds  the  same  official  position  in  regard 
to  the  London  and  Lancashire  Fire  Insurance  Company,  Ltd.  He  is  well  known 
in  social  and  club  circles  and  was  president  of  the  Auto  Club  of  Canada  from 
1903  to  1906,  while  his  membership  relations  extend  to  the  Mount  Royal,  St. 
James,  Forest  and  Stream,  Royal  Montreal  Golf,  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht, 


194  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Montreal  Hunt,  Auto  and  Aero,  Montreal  Jockey,  Montreal  Polo,  and  St. 
George  Snow  Shoe  Clubs  and  to  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa. 

Mr.  Dawes  married  Miss  Mary  O.  A.  Wilgress,  of  Lachine,  and  they  have 
two  daughters:  Rachel  M.,  the  wife  of  F.  L.  Bond,  of  Alontreal;  and  Frances 
H.,  the  wife  of  B.  Hazen  Porteous,  of  Montreal. 

A  man  of  unusual  energy  whose  exceptionally  well  preserved  physical  con- 
dition enables  him  to  display  a  capacity  for  business  more  becoming  to  one  twenty 
years  his  junior,  success  has  made  possible  for  Mr.  Dawes  the  enjoyment  of 
many  social  pleasures  and  interests.  Yet  prominent  club  man,  that  he  is,  Mr. 
Dawes'  first  interest  is  the  e.xtensive  business  of  which  he  is  the  controlling 
head  and  he  is  everywhere  recognized  as  a  forceful,  resourceful  man,  ready  to 
meet  any  emergency  and  ever  looking  beyond  the  exigencies  of  the  moment 
to  the  opportunities  and  possibilities  of  the  future. 


T.  STERRY  HUXT,  LL.  D.,  F.  R.  S. 

It  is  a  trite  saying  that  there  is  always  room  at  the  top,  for  while  the  lower 
ranks  of  life  are  crowded,  comparatively  few  have  the  ambition  and  the  energy 
to  climb  to  the  heights  in  connection  with  business  or  professional  interests. 
Recognizing  and  utilizing  his  opportunities  and  wisely  employing  his  time  and 
talents,  T.  Sterry  Hunt  became  recognized  as  one  of  the  eminent  Canadian 
scientists,  his  ability  winning  for  him  the  unusual  honor  of  being  made  a  fellow 
of  the  Royal  Society  of  London.  He  was  born  in  Norwich,  Connecticut,  Septem- 
ber 5,  1826,  a  representative  of  an  old  New  England  family.  It  was  his  parents' 
desire  that  he  should  become  a  representative  of  the  medical  profession,  but  a 
strong  inclination  toward  the  study  of  chemistry,  mineralogy  and  geology  pre- 
vented him  from  becoming  a  physician.  In  1845  he  pursued  his  studies  under 
Professor  Benjamin  Silliman  of  Yale  L'niversity  and  later  became  his  assistant. 
His  constantly  expanding  powers  marked  him  a  man  above  the  ordinary  and  dis- 
tinguished honors  came  to  him  as  the  years  passed.  As  early  as  1846  the  result 
of  his  original  researth  work  was  published  in  an  article  which  he  wrote  for  the 
American  Journal  of  Science.  When  the  Geological  Survey  of  Canada,  then 
recently  organized  by  Mr.  (later  Sir)  William  E.  Logan,  required  the  service  of  a 
competent  chemist  and  mineralogist,  Mr.  Logan  applied  to  Professor  Silliman  to 
supply  the  man  and  Mr.  Hunt  was  recommended  for  the  position,  which  he 
accepted  early  in  1847.  His  connection  with  the  survey  continued  until  1872, 
when,  much  against  the  wish  of  the  government,  he  resigned.  His  work  embraced 
a  large  amount  of  field  geology.  The  most  difficult  problems  presented  by  the 
geological  formation  of  Canada  are  those  of  its  crystalline  rocks.  To  this  study 
Mr.  Hunt  addressed  himself  from  the  beginning  and  made  the  first  clear  exposi- 
tion ever  presented  of  the  earlier  rocks  of  the  country.  He  afterward  gave  the 
names  of  Laurentian  and  Huronian  to  these  rocks  and  in  his  investigations, 
analyses  and  scientific  research  laid  the  foundation  of  what  he  regarded  as  his 
life  work.  He  also  gave  constant  attention  to  the  economic  and  practical  depart- 
ments of  the  survey  and  was  the  first  to  make  known  the  deposits  of  phosphate 
of  lime  in  Canada  and  call  attention  to  its  commercial  value  for  fertilizing  pur- 


T.   STERRV   HUNT 


HISTORY  OF  MONTRI'.AI,  197 

poses,  collecting  and  sending  specimens  of  the  same  to  the  foreign  exhibits  of 
185 1,  1855  and  1867.  He  analyzed  soils,  investigated  the  petroleums  of  Canada 
and  their  distribution,  and  his  studies  of  the  mineral  waters  of  the  Dominion 
were  the  first  and  most  complete  ever  made.  His  work  in  many  respects  con- 
stituted the  foundation,  basis  and  stimulus  of  all  later  iiuestigation. 

During  his  connection  with  the  survey  work  Mr.  Hunt  took  part  in  the  great 
exhibitions  of  1856  and  i8C)7,  acting  as  judge  at  both,  while  his  services  in  a 
similar  connection  were  sought  at  the  Centennial  Exposition  in    I 'hiladelphia  in 

1876.  His  fame  was  world-wide  as  the  result  of  his  investigations  and  researches 
were  made  known,  for  he  took  the  lead  in  much  pioneer  geological  work  on  the 
North  American  continent. 

From  1856  until  1862  Dr.  Hunt  was  professor  of  chemistry  at  Laval  Uni- 
versity in  Quebec  and  was  continued  as  one  of  its  honorary  professors  until  his 
death.  His  annual  course  of  instruction  there  comprised  forty  lectures  in  the 
French  language  and  for  some  years  he  was  also  lecturer  at  ^IcGill  University. 
In  1872  he  accepted  the  chair  of  geology  in  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of 
Technology  in  Boston,  there  remaining  until  1878,  when  he  resigned  in  order 
to  concentrate  his  efforts  upon  further  study  and  professional  work.  His  scientific 
attainments  have  gained  him  recognition  .both  on  the  American  and  European 
continents.  Harvard  University  created  him  Master  of  Arts  in  1852  and  from 
Laval  and  McGill  L^niversities  he  received  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Science.  In 
1881  he  had  the  unusual  honor  of  receiving  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws  from 
Cambridge  University  of  England,  and  in  special  recognition  of  his  eminence  as 
a  geologist  he  was  created  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  of  London  in  1859.  In 
1874  he  was  elected  to  membership  in  the  National  Academy  of  Sciences  of  the 
United  States  and  in  1882  he  was  one  of  those  called  upon  by  the  Marquis  of 
Lome  to  aid  in  the  organization  of  the  New  Royal  Society  of  Canada,  becoming 
that  year  chief  of  the  section  of  physical  and  mathematical  sciences.  In  1884  he 
was  elected  its  president.  Thus  year  after  year  honors  were  conferred  upon 
him — honors  well  merited  yet  worn  with  becoming  modesty.  He  was  one.  of  the 
founders  of  the  American  Association  for  the  Advancement  of  Science  at 
Philadelphia  and  in  1870  was  elected  to  its  presidency.  He  was  also  an  early 
member  of  the  American  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers  and  was  its  president  in 

1877,  while  in  1880  he  became  the  foimder  and  president  of  the  American  Chemi- 
cal Society.  Among  the  decorations  conferred  upon  him  was  that  of  the  Legion 
of  Honor,  bestowed  by  Napoleon  III,  and  the  cross  of  St.  Mauritius  and  St. 
Lazarus  from  the  king  of  Italy.  He  contributed  much  to  scientific  literature  and 
was  a  well  known  lecturer  on  scientific  subjects.  He  frequently  went  abroad 
for  study,  spending  much  time  in  that  way  in  Great  Britain,  Switzerland  and 
Italy.  A  chemical  green  ink  which  he  invented  in  1839  was  the  cause  of  giving 
the  name  of  greenbacks  to  American  currency.  His  explorations  on  the  Ameri- 
can continent  had  extended  from  the  Gulf  of  St.  Lawrence  southward  to  the  Gulf 
of  Mexico  and  westward  to  the  Pacific. 

In  January,  1878,  Dr.  Hunt  was  married  to  I\Iiss  Anna  Rebecca  Gale,  the 
eldest  daughter  of  Justice  Samuel  Gale  of  Montreal,  who  was  judge  of  the  court 
of  queen's  bench  for  Lower  Canada.  His  wife  was  Mary  M.  Hawley,  who  was 
born  in  Montreal  and  was  educated  in  this  city  and  abroad.  One  of  their  daugh- 
ters became  the   Baroness  von   Friesen,   of   Dresden.     After  the   death   of   the 


198  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

father  in  1865,  Mrs.  Hunt  traveled  extensively  in  Europe  in  company  with  her 
two  sisters.  She  is  the  author  of  one  or  two  volumes  of  poems  of  considerable 
merit,  so  that  her  name,  like  her  husband's,  is  known  in  literary  circles.  Dr. 
Hunt  passed  away  in  February,  1892.  His  contribution  to  the  world's  work  was 
a  valuable  one.  His  investigation,  research  and  native  intelligence  constituted 
the  key  which  unlocked  for  us  many  of  the  portals  beyond  which  lay  nature's 
mysteries.  The  earth  and  its  construction  were  largely  to  him  an  open  book  and 
he  made  it  a  readable  volume  for  others,  placing  his  investigations  before  man- 
kind in  a  way  that  has  constituted  the  foundation  for  further  research. 


LIEUTENANT  COLONEL  FREDERICK  WILLIAM   HIBBARD. 

Lieutenant  Colonel  Frederick  William  Hibbard  has  been  frequently  before 
the  public  as  a  speaker  and  writer  upon  topics  of  public  interest.  Although  never 
a  candidate  he  was  for  years  a  participant  in  both  federal  and  provincial  politics 
and  has  appeared  on  numerous  public  occasions  both  in  the  province  of  Quebec 
and  in  that  of  Ontario.  He  is  the  senior  member  of  the  firm  of  Hibbard,  Boyer 
&  Gosselin,  and  a  successful  member  of  the  Montreal  bar.  Ireland  claims  him 
as  a  native  son,  his  birth  having  occurred  in  Dublin  on  the  19th  of  October,  1865. 
His  father  was  the  late  Lieutenant  Colonel  Ashley  Hibbard,  of  Montreal,  and  his 
mother  was  Sarah  Ann  Hibbard,  the  second  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Ambrose 
Lane,  M.  A.,  perpetual  curate  of  St.  Thomas,  Pendleton,  Manchester,  England. 

After  spending  some  years  under  private  instruction,  Lieutenant  Colonel 
F.  W.  Hibbard  entered  McGill  University,  where  he  took  his  Bachelor  of  Arts 
degree  in  1886.  After  a  couple  of  years  spent  in  teaching  he  returned  to  the 
university  for  the  study  of  law,  graduating  as  B.  C.  L.  in  1891.  In  addition  to 
the  degree  of  B.  C.  L.  received  in  that  year  he  was  also  gold  medallist.  In  1892 
he  received  the  degree  of  M.  A.  He  began  practice  as  a  barrister  in  1893  ^"*^  was 
created  king's  counsel  in  1907.  His  advancement  at  the  bar  has  been  continuous 
and  long  since  he  left  the  ranks  of  the  many  to  stand  among  the  successful  few. 
From  1907  until  1910  he  was  crown  prosecutor  for  the  district  of  Montreal,  and 
his  clientele  of  a  private  character  has  been  extensive  and  important.  In  literary 
circles  he  is  known  and  has  given  papers  and  addresses  upon  a  number  of  sub- 
jects. In  1903  he  was  president  of  the  St.  James  Literary  Society  of  Montreal. 
His  popularity  as  a  lecturer  is  based  both  upon  the  entertaining  and  the  instruct- 
ive nature  of  his  discourses.  He  has  addressed  various  audiences  upon  the  fol- 
lowing comprehensive  subjects: — Canadian  Constitutional  Government,  The 
Land  Defence  of  Canada,  The  Value  of  Organized  Efifort  in  Municipal  Aflfairs, 
The  Prophecy  of  the  West,  and  Canadians  at  Home  and  Abroad.  He  is  not 
merely  a  theorist,  for  his  ideas  have  many  times  taken  practical,  tangible  form, 
and  in  1910  his  fitness  for  the  position  led  to  his  appointment  to  the  presidency 
of  the  Quebec  i)ublic  utilities  commission.  In  military  circles  his  name  is  known, 
for  he  holds  a  first  class  certificate  from  the  Royal  School  of  Artillery,  and  in 
1894  joined  the  Second  Regiment  Canadian  Artillery  as  a  lieutenant.  He  was 
advanced  to  the  rank  of  captain  in  i8<)5,  major  in  1897,  lieutenant  colonel  in 
command  in   1901   and  R.  O.  in   1906.     He  was  one  of  the  artillery  officers  of 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  199 

the  Second  Canadian  Contingent  at  Queen  Victoria's  Jubilee,  received  the  Diamond 
Jubilee  medal  from  the  hand  of  King  Edward,  and  was  presented  to  the  late 
Queen  \'ictoria  at  Windsor  Castle.  In  1900  he  was  elected  to  the  presidency  of 
the  Montreal  Military  Institute  and  in  1905  became  vice  president  of  the  Uomin- 
ion   Artillery  Association. 

Lieutenant  Colonel  Hibbard  was  married  in  November,  1898,  to  Miss  Emily 
Laura  Baker,  the  third  daughter  of  Joseph  S.  Baker,  of  Dunham,  P.  Q.  He 
finds  recreation  in  golf  and  has  been  president  of  the  Outremont  Golf  Club.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  and  University  Clubs  and  the  Quebec  Garrison 
Club.  A  liberal  in  politics,  he  has  been  active  in  support  of  the  principles  of  his 
party,  recognizing  the  duties  and  obligations  as  well  as  the  privileges  of  citizen- 
ship. In  religious  belief  is  an  Anglican,  having  twice  served  as  warden  of  his 
church,  is  a  member  of  the  synod  of  Montreal  and  of  the  executive  committee  of 
the  diocese.  Mr.  D.  A.  Lafortune,  his  colleague  as  crown  prosecutor,  has  char- 
acterized him  as  "a  man  of  dignity  and  learning."  His  lifelong  habit  of  study  and 
investigation,  his  deep  and  continuous  interest  in  important  public  questions,  and 
his  earnest  purpose,  prompting  him  to  action  in  behalf  of  the  public  welfare,  have 
made  him  a  citizen  of  value  in  advancing  progress  and  working  toward  that 
better  ordering  of  things  which  is  always  the  goal  of  progress. 


J.  ADELARD  OUIMET. 

Among  the  better  known  advocates  of  Montreal  is  J.  Adelard  Ouimet,  who  is 
a  member  of  the  firm  of  Ouimet  &  Guertin.  He  is  one  of  the  most  successful 
men  in  his  line,  and  by  his  career  carries  forward  the  tradition  of  the  family 
which  to  a  large  extent  has  been  connected  with  the  legal  fraternity.  The  grand- 
father, Michel  Ouimet,  was  justice  of  the  peace  of  St.  Rose,  in  the  county  of 
Laval,  and  also  took  an  active  part  in  the  insurrection  of  1837.  The  father  of 
J.  -Adelard  Ouimet  was  Landre  Ouimet,  and  his  wife  was  in  her  maidenhood 
Miss  Euphemie  Bourque.  A  brother  of  our  subject,  also  named  Landre  Ouimet. 
was  for  ten  years  an  alderman  for  St.  Jean  Baptiste  ward  and  an  uncle  on  the 
paternal  side  was  judge  of  the  court  of  appeals  and  president  of  the  City  and 
District  Savings  Bank. 

J.  Adelard  Ouimet  was  born  at  Ste.  Scholastique,  in  the  county  of  Two 
Mountains,  on  the  7th  of  March,  1868.  He  pursued  his  classical  studies  in  the 
Seminary  of  Ste.  Therese  and  at  the  University  of  Ottawa  and  his  law  course 
at  Laval  University,  being  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1895.  He  then  became  a 
partner  of  the  well  known  legal  firm  of  Ouimet.  Emard,  Maurault  &  Ouimet,  but 
after  the  appointment  of  the  Hon.  J.  A.  Ouimet,  his  uncle,  to  the  judgeship  of 
the  court  of  appeals  he  entered  into  partnership  with  A.  Delisle,  Q.  C,  then  a 
member  of  parliament  for  Portneuf  county,  hut  two  years  later  decided  to  engage 
in  practice  independently.  In  May,  1913,  he  formed  a  partnership  with  C.  A. 
Guertin,  Q.  C,  under  the  firm  name  of  Ouimet  &  Guertin.  He  possesses  every 
quality  of  which  a  lawyer  may  be  proud — skill  in  the  presentation  of  his  evi- 
dence, marked  ability  in  cross-examination,  persuasiveness  before  the  jury,  a 
strong  grasp  of  every  feature  of  the  case,  the  ability  to  secure  a  favorable  rul- 


200  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ing  from  the  judge,  unusual  familiarity  with  human  nature  and  the  springs  of 
human  conduct  and,  last  but  not  least,  untiring  energy.  He  has  often  occasion 
to  demonstrate  his  ability  and  has  handled  many  important  cases  since  his  admis- 
sion to  the  bar,  his  clientele  being  of  the  most  representative  character.  He  is 
dignified  and  impressive,  deliberate  in  manner,  his  speeches  always  command- 
ing attention.  Entirely  free  from  ostentation  and  display,  he  largely  relies  upon 
the  simple  weight  of  his  character  and  is  ever  prepared  to  meet  any  attack  of  the 
opposing  counsel,  as  his  mind  works  with  a  rapidity  which  often  excites  the  won- 
dei  and  admiration  of  his  colleagues. 

On  the  3d  of  September,  1901,  Mr.  Ouimet  was  united  in  marriage  in  Mon- 
treal to  Miss  Dersina  Vaillancourt,  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  \'aillancourt,  a  well 
known  grain  merchant  of  Montreal,  and  they  have  one  son,  George  Etienne. 
As  is  but  natural,  Mr.  Ouimet  has  taken  a  conspicuous  part  in  the  public  life  of 
his  city  and  province,  having  participated  in  all  elections  since  iSgo,  not  only  in 
the  province  of  Quebec  but  also  in  Ontario.  He  is  a  conservative  in  his  political 
affiliations  and  stanchly  upholds  the  principles  of  his  party.  He  was  the  founder 
and  first  president  of  Le  Club  Morin,  holding  the  executive  office  during  1893 
and  1894.  From  1894  to  1896  he  was  also  president  of  Le  Club  des  Jeunes  Con- 
servateurs  and  is  an  active  member  of  Le  Club  Cartier,  of  which  he  served  as 
treasurer  from  1910  to  1912.  He  is  also  a  military  man.  After  having  been  in 
the  Sixty-fifth  Regiment  for  ten  years,  he  then  joined  the  Eighty-fifth  Regiment, 
becoming  captain  in  1900.  He  will  be  major  of  that  regiment  in  1914.  Frater- 
nally he  is  chief  ranger  of  the  Catholic  Order  of  Foresters  and  is  a  member  of  the 
Royal  Guardians  and  of  the  Catholic  Foresters  Club.  His  religious  faith  is  that 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  to  the  work  of  which  he  gives  his  moral  and 
material  support.  At  the  Ottawa  University  he  was  the  founder  of  La  Societe 
des  Debats  Canadien  Frangais  in  1889  and  served  as  its  first  president.  In  1908 
he  was  also  elected  president  of  L'Association  St.  Jean  Baptiste  of  St.  Jean 
Baptiste  parish.  Mr.  Ouimet  is  a  successful  lawyer  in  the  truest  sense  of  the 
word,  a  man  unusually  broad-minded  and  intelligent,  tolerant  and  of  wide  experi- 
ence, never  mercenary  or  grasping,  believing  in  something  greater  than  mere 
material  wealth,  who  in  the  course  of  a  distinguished  career,  spent  simply  and 
unostentatiously,  has  been  a  factor  for  good  along  various  lines.  His  public- 
spirited  citizenship  has  been  a  boon  to  Montreal,  who  proudly  claims  him  as  one 
of  her  citizens,  and  Mr.  Ouimet  returns  the  honor  which  the  city's  people  enter- 
tain for  him  by  a  loyalty  which  could  not  be  more  devoted. 


CHARLES  FRANCIS  SMITH. 

Charles  Francis  Smith,  for  half  a  century  a  leading  figure  in  the  business  and 
social  life  of  Montreal,  was  born  in  Aylesford.  Hampshire,  England,  in  1841.  He 
had  reached  the  psalmist's  allotted  span  of  three  score  years  and  ten  when  death 
called  him  in  Montreal  on  the  30th  of  September,  191 1.  His  position  was  one 
which  gained  for  him  not  only  the  respect  but  also  the  admiration  and  love  of  his 
associates.     Important  and  extensive  as  were  his  business  enterprises,  they  con- 


CHARLES  F.  SJIITH 


HISTORY  OF  M0NTRI':AT.  203 

stituted  but  one  phase  of  an  existence  that  was  largely  devoted  to  charitable 
works  and  civic  affairs  and  he  was  no  less  esteemed  for  his  generosity  and 
unfailing  kindness  than  he  was  admired  for  his  business  acumen.  His  residence 
in  Canada  covered  a  period  of  forty-eight  years.  He  came  to  this  country  as 
a  member  of  the  standing  army.  The  shed  in  which  he  and  his  fellow  soldiers 
slept  the  first  night  after  landing  at  St.  Andrews,  New  Brunswick,  is  still  stand- 
ing near  the  beautiful  summer  home  which  he  afterward  built  for  himself  there. 
His  entrance  into  commercial  circles  in  Montreal  was  made  as  proprietor  of  a 
shoe  store  on  St.  Mary  street.  He  afterward  entered  into  jjartnership  with  the 
late  James  McCready  and  upon  the  latter's  death  became  sole  proprietor  of  the 
business  and  so  remained  for  almost  one-third  of  a  century ;  yet  in  order  to  give 
his  employes  the  opportunity  of  sharing  in  the  profits  of  the  business  he  formed 
a  limited  company  nine  years  prior  to  his  demise.  In  April,  i<>ii,  the  Inisiness 
was  sold  to  D.  Lome  McGibbon,  although  Mr.  Smith  retained  an  interest  in  the 
new  company, — the  Ames,  Holden,  IMcCready.  Limited, — of  which  he  became  a 
director. 

Public  affairs  as  well  as  private  interests  profited  by  the  efforts,  the  sound 
judgment  and  keen  discrimination  of  Mr.  Smith.  He  was  at  one  time  alderman 
of  Montreal :  was  a  member  of  the  finance  committee  and  was  again  and  again 
urged  to  become  a  candidate  for  the  mayoralty.  Native  modesty,  however,  caused 
him  to  remain  in  private  life  even  when  it  was  almost  a  certainty  that  he  would 
be  elected  to  any  office  to  which  he  might  aspire.  He  was  the  only  English  mem- 
ber of  the  French  Commercial  School  which  was  established  by  the  Gouin  gov- 
ernment, and  he  belonged  to  the  Board  of  Trade  for  five  or  six  years,  being  first  a 
member  of  the  council  and  rising  through  the  offices  of  treasurer  and  vice  presi- 
dent to  that  of  president,  being  elected  by  acclamation.  He  was  also  a  vice 
president  of  the  Dominion  Express  Company ;  managing  director  of  the  Lauren- 
tide  Pulp  Company  ;  a  director  of  the  Merchants  Bank  ;  a  director  of  the  Montreal 
Trust  Company ;  a  director  of  the  Dominion  Textile  Company ;  was  at  one  time 
the  president  of  the  Western  Hospital,  and  had  been  for  years  one  of  the  gov- 
ernors of  both  the  Notre  Dame  and  General  Hospitals,  and  vice  president  of 
the  Royal  Alexandra.  He  was  a  well  known  figure  in  the  city's  fashionable  clubs, 
belonging  to  the  Mount  Royal  and  St.  James  Clubs,  the  Royal  Montreal  Golf 
Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club  and  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club.  He 
was  also  a  charter  member  of  Canada  Council  of  the  Knights  of  Columbus ;  a 
prominent  parishioner  of  St.  Patrick's  church,  as  well  as  warden  of  the  same ; 
a  director  of  St.  Patrick's  Orphan  Asylum,  and  president  of  the  Catholic  Sailors' 
Club.    He  was  also  a  well  known  member  of  St.  George's  Society. 

His  kindness  of  heart  was  invariable,  he  was  especially  devoted  to  his  home 
and  shunned  ostentation.  At  St.  Andrews  where  he  spent  every  summer, 
one  of  his  greatest  pleasures  consisted  in  the  comi)anionship  of  those  friends 
of  his  who  lived  near  him,  of  whom  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy  was  among  the 
number.  Taking  a  great  interest  in  matters  pertaining  to  education,  he  was  one 
of  the  founders  of  the  Catholic  high  school,  and  a  member  of  the  administration 
of  Laval  L^niversity,  and  though,  well  known  in  life  as  a  conservative  in  politics, 
he  was  appointed  by  Hon.  Lomer  Gouin  as  governor  of  L'  Ecole  des  Hautes  Etudes 
Commerciales.  Besides  being  a  practical  manufacturer,  Mr.  Smith  gave  special 
attention  to  tariff'  matters,  and  his  contributions  to  the  campaign  against  unre- 


204  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

stricted  reciprocity  in  1891,  when  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier,  Mr.  Erastus  Wiman  and 
their  friends  endeavored  to  establish  free  trade  between  Canada  and  the  United 
States,  did  more  than  a  little  to  secure  the  protectionist  victory  of  that  year. 

For  years  Mr.  Smith  did  not  actively  participate  in  civic  affairs,  but  in  1890, 
when  a  reform  wave  was  sweeping  over  the  commercial  metropolis  he  was 
asked  to  come  forward  as  a  candidate  in  one  of  the  civic  divisions.  He  hesitated 
for  some  time,  but  finally  consented  to  contest  the  west  ward  if  his  warm  per- 
sonal friend,  the  late  Mr.  Frank  Hart,  would  also  seek  a  seat  in  the  city  council. 
At  that  time  the  late  Colonel  Stevenson  was  a  landmark  in  civic  politics  as  well  as 
in  military  and  social  circles,  and  so  well  was  the  colonel  known  that  there  were 
many  who  considered  that  with  him  as  an  opponent  Mr.  Smith  had  hardly  a 
fighting  chance.  It  was  contended  that  a  Roman  Catholic  could  not  be  elected  in 
such  a  pronounced  Protestant  district  as  the  west  ward,  but  the  success  achieved 
by  Mr.  Smith  in  that  contest  proved  that  the  reform  candidate's  reputation  was 
too  well  established  to  leave  him  a  victim  of  the  religious  cry.  He  served  in  the 
council  during  1890  and  1891,  on  the  finance  committee,  and  though  assured  that 
he  could  have  a  second  election  by  acclamation,  he  declined  both  the  aldermanic 
and  mayoralty  honors  that  were  offered  him. 

In  a  quiet  and  unostentatious  manner  he  was  a  generous  contributor  to  deserv- 
ing charities,  irrespective  of  nationality  or  creed.  He  was  one  of  the  most 
prominent  English-speaking  Catholics  in  Montreal.  As  a  personal  friend  of 
Archbishop  Bruchesi,  ^Ir.  Smith  was  frequently  consulted  in  the  church's 
temporal  afl^airs. 

Mr.  Smith  twice  married:  His  first  wife  was  Miss  Mary  A.  AIcGlynn 
and  his  second  wife  who  survives  him,  was  Miss  Margaret  M.  McNally,  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  Bernard  McNally.  Two  sons  were  the  issue  of  the  first  marriage, 
Clarence  F.  Smith,  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Ames,  Holden, 
McCready,  Limited,  and  Frederick  H.  Smith,  who  lived  in  the  West  Indies,  until 
his  death  in  April,  1912.  To  the  second  marriage  the  following  children  were 
born:  Rose  M. ;  Charles  F.,  who  died  on  August  20,  191 1;  Alarguerite  AI. ; 
Francis  C. ;  May  G. ;  and  Geraldine  M. 

The  Montreal  Herald  said  of  Mr.  Smith :  "There  was  no  better  citizen  of 
Montreal  than  the  late  Charles  F.  Smith.  He  had  made  his  way  in  the  world 
by  dint  of  rare  power  of  business  organization.  In  addition  he  was  a  man  who 
made  friends  and  held  them.  He  had  no  taste  for  public  life  himself,  but  he  had 
a  deep  interest  in  public  affairs  and  in  the  men  who  in  public  life  supported 
his  views.  It  was  so  in  the  affairs  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  resulted  in  his 
becoming  president  of  that  body.  It  was  so  in  civic  affairs  and  resulted  in  his 
being  much  against  his  inclination,  elected  to  the  council.  It  was  so  in  Dominion 
politics,  and  if  he  has  passed  away  before  his  party  friends  had  the  ojiportunity 
of  showing  their  appreciation,  it  is  certain  that  the  fighting  ranks  of  the  conserva- 
tive party  had  few  more  prudent  or  more  generous  counsellors. 

"Mr.  Smitli  went  to  the  city  council  with  Mr.  I.aportc.  Mr.  .Ames  and  the 
late  Mr.  Hart  at  a  time  when  the  city  had  just  been  aroused  to  the  need  of 
wholesale  reforms.  He  played  a  part  of  much  importance,  for  with  two  or 
three  other  trained  business  men  he  sat  in  at  the  centre  of  things,  on  the  oW 
finance  committee  and  supervised  a  general  cleaning  up  of  the  city  hall.  It  was  the 
good  work  of  those  days  that  made  possible  the  larger  reforms  of  later  year.s." 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  205 

The  Montreal  Gazette  said  editorially  of  him:  "By  the  death  of  Mr.  Charles 
F.  Smith  another  able  and  successful  man  has  been  taken  from  Montreal's  com- 
mercial life.  Mr.  Smith  through  years  of  painstaking  energy  built  up  a  success- 
ful business,  from  which  the  city  benefited  as  well  as  himself. 

"In  the  process  he  won  the  respect  of  all  with  whom  he  became  associated. 
Commercial  organizations  valued  his  advice.  The  Board  of  Trade  counted  him 
as  a  wise  counsellor.  When  the  city's  affairs  were  in  need  of  improvement  he 
served  in  the  council  and  with  his  associates  did  useful  work  in  its  behalf.  He 
could  have  had  other  public  offices  had  he  desired,  hut  his  preference  was  for 
private  life.  He  has  passed  away  at  a  ripe  age,  held  in  regard  alike  for  the  quali- 
ties of  his  mind  and  of  his  heart,  and  leaving  a  memory  that  will  encourage  others 
to  follow  his  footsteps." 


GERALD  OTHO  ROUSSKI  ELIOTT. 

Since  1908  Gerald  O.  R.  Eliott  has  occupied  the  position  of  assistant  marine 
superintendent  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railroad  Company's  Atlantic  steamship 
lines.  He  was  born  March  28,  1874,  in  Dalhousie,  India,  and  is  a  son  of  George 
Augustus  and  Helen   (Jardine)   Eliott. 

Gerald  Eliott  received  his  education  at  Taplow  grammar  school,  the  Maiden- 
head high  school  and  then  served  as  a  cadet  on  H.  M.  S.  School  Ship  Conway. 
Naval  life  having  a  particular  attraction  for  him,  he  entered  the  mercantile 
marine  and  served  for  some  time  in  sailing  vessels  of  the  White  Star  line.  He 
was  an  officer  in  connection  with  various  steamship  lines  and  was  doing  service 
on  boats  which  carried  British  troops  during  the  South  African  war.  In  1901 
he  joined  the  Canadian  Pacific  steamship  lines  and  served  as  an  officer  on  various 
ships  until  he  was  appointed  to  his  present  important  position  of  assistant  super- 
intendent in  1908. 

Mr.  Eliott's  naval  career  includes  the  following  appointments:  midshipman, 

^  R.  N.  R.,  1890;  appointed  acting  lieutenant  in  H.  M.  S.  Jupiter  in  1900,  having 

gone  through  the  gunnery  and  torpedo  course ;  received  naval  reserve  decoration 

for  fifteen  years'  service  in  commissioned  rank  ;  retired  in  1912  as  commander. 

In  1908,  in  Toronto,  Ontario,  Mr.  Eliott  married  Miss  Edith  Aspden,  a  daugh- 
ter of  Thomas  Aspden,  of  Lancashire,  and  later  of  Chicago,  Illinois,  and  Toronto. 
Mr.  Eliott  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England  and  upholds  conservative  prin- 
ciples at  the  polls.    His  club  is  that  of  the  Commercial  Travelers  of  Montreal. 


.A.URELIEN  BOYER. 


Aurelien  Boyer,  a  man  of  recognized  professional  ability  and  prominence, 
who  since  1899  has  been  an  associate  member  of  the  Canadian  Society  of  Civil 
Engineers,  was  born  in  Montreal  and  pursued  his  education  in  schools  of  the 
city.  He  was  graduated  with  honors  as  civil  engineer  and  metallurgist  from 
Ecole  Polytechnique,  a  department  of  Laval  University,  with  the  class  of  1896 


206  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

and  at  once  entered  upon  the  active  work  of  his  chosen  profession.  He  was  in 
charge  of  the  survey  and  location  of  the  Yukon  telegraph  line  and  resigned  from 
the  department  of  public  works  of  Canada  after  his  appointment  as  superinten- 
dent of  government  telegraphs  and  cables  for  Quebec  and  the  maritime  provinces. 
In  1905  he  was  chemical  engineer  and  local  manager  of  the  A.  D.  Gall  Petroleum 
&  Chemical  Company,  having  charge  of  their  wood  distillation  plant  at  Mont 
Tremblant,  Quebec,  and  in  1909  became  vice  president  and  chief  engineer  of  the 
Duckworth  Boyer  Engineering  &  Inspection  Company,  Ltd.,  which  was  latei" 
consolidated  with  the  Canadian  Inspection  Company,  Ltd.,  under  the  name  of 
the  Canadian  Inspection  &  Testing  Laboratories,  Ltd.  Of  the  latter  company 
he  is  now  vice  president  and  treasurer.  Scientific  knowledge,  acquired  skill  and 
ability  have  brought  him  to  a  place  in  the  front  rank  of  those  who  are  engaged 
in  similar  enterprises  in  the  province. 

In  June,  1903,  Mr.  Boyer  married  Madame  Elmira  Corinne  Dufresne,  of 
Three  Rivers,  Quebec.  He  belongs  to  the  Engineers  Club  and  the  Winchester 
Club.  He  is  now  a  member  of  the  board  of  administration  of  L'Ecole  Poly- 
technique  and  a  director  of  Association  des  Anciens  Eleves  de  L'Ecole  Polytech- 
nique. 


LIEUTENANT  COLONEL  JAMES  GEORGE  ROSS. 

Lieutenant  Colonel  James  George  Ross,  president  of  the 'Ross  Realty  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  and  favorably  known  in  Montreal  as  a  prominent  figure  in  financial 
circles,  was  born  in  this  city,  October  18,  1861,  a  son  of  the  late  Phillip  Simpson 
and  Christina  Chalmers  (Dansken)  Ross,  both  of  whom  were  natives  of  Scot- 
land. His  early  education  was  acquired  in  private  schools,  with  later  attendance 
at  the  high  school  of  Montreal  and  subsequent  attendance  at  the  Ontario  Agri- 
cultural College  in  Guelph,  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1881. 

Mr.  Ross  went  to  the  northwest  upon  an  extended  trip  with  a  view  to  settling 
there,  but  returned  to  Montreal  and  associated  himself  with  his  father,  who  was 
a  representative  of  the  profession  of  chartered  accountant.  Shortly  afterward  he 
was  admitted  to  partnership  with  his  brother,  the  business  being  carried  on 
under  the  firm  style  of  P.  S.  Ross  &  Sons,  and  on  the  death  of  his  father  he 
became  the  head  of  the  firm.  He  is  a  chartered  accountant  and  a  member  of  the 
Association  of  Accountants  and  is  a  fellow  of  the  Dominion  Association  of 
Chartered  Accountants.  Aside  from  his  business  in  that  connection  he  is  presi- 
dent of  the  Ross  Realty  Company,  Ltd..  and  as  such  figures  prominently  in  real- 
estate   circles,    negotiating   and    managing   many    important    property    transfers. 

Mr.  Ross  has  always  evinced  a  great  interest  in  military  matters.  In  1879 
he  joined  the  OiUario  Field  Battery,  retiring  in  the  \ear  18S3.  In  1884  he 
held  a  commission  as  officer  in  the  \'ictoria  Rifles,  retiring  in  1S91  with  the  rank 
of  captain.  In  i8()8  he  joined  the  Fifth  Royal  Highlanders  and  in  1899  was 
gazetted  captain  while  in  .August,  igo<).  he  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  major 
and  in  May.  1909,  was  made  lieutenant  colonel.  In  1907  he  received  the  Long 
.Service  medal  for  officers  having  served  for  twenty  years.  He  is  in  active  con- 
nection with  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  and  is  a  director  of  the  Crown  Trust 


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j^^^^^^        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

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Bj^lJ^^^PH 

^^T                              ^  -'^^^^^^^^^^^^1 

LIEUTENANT  COLONEL  JAMES  G.  ROSS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  209 

Company.  Tlis  interest  and  support  extend  to  charitable  and  l)enevolent  projects 
and  he  is  a  hfe  governor  of  the  Montreal  Western  Hospital.  Fraternally  he  is 
a  Scottish  Rite  Mason,  while  in  club  circles  he  is  widely  and  favorably  known, 
his  membership  being  in  the  St.  James  Club,  Canada  Club,  Beaconsfield  Golf 
Club,  Canadian  Club,  Montreal  Curling  Club,  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club, 
Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  Association,  W'estmount  Athletic  Club  and  the  Junior 
Army  and  Navy  Club  of  London,  England.  In  his  younger  days  he  was  very 
active  in  athletic  sports,  especially  in  running,  and  he  handled  the  snowshoe  with 
expert  skill.  In  1887  it  was  claimed  that  he  was  "the  best  man  in  Canada  who 
ever  strapped  on  a  racing  shoe."  In  the  winter  of  1888  he  accompanied  Lieu- 
tenant Schwatka  in  the  explorer's  trip  through  the  Yellowstone  Park  and  was  the 
only  man  who  came  out  in  as  good  shape  as  he  went  in. 

In  March,  1891,  Mr.  Ross  married  Miss  Alice  Margaret  Alonk,  daughter  of 
the  late  John  Monk,  an  advocate  of  ^Montreal,  and  they  have  two  daughters, 
Marjorie  and  Evelyn. 


THOMAS  MUSSEN. 


One  of  the  best  known  merchants  of  the  past  generation  in  Montreal,  and  a 
man  whose  well  ordered  life  and  high  business  principles  commanded  the  respect 
of  all  who  knew  him,  was  born  in  1804,  in  Yorkshire,  England,  and  came  to  Canada 
with  his  parents  in  1817,  the  family  home  being  established  in  the  south  part  of 
the  province  of  Quebec  near  the  Vermont  line. 

Thomas  Mussen  early  entered  business  life  in  Montreal,  becoming  a  clerk 
with  the  firm  of  William  Smith  &  Company  with  whom  he  remained  for  about 
ten  years.  He  was  careful  with  his  earnings  and  in  1827,  he  had  saved  sufficient 
capital  to  enable  him  to  purchase  a  small  stock  of  dry  goods,  opening  a  store  on 
St.  Paul  street,  near  Jacques  Cartier  Square,  then  the  heart  of  the  retail  district. 

The  business  prospered  from  the  first  and  when  larger  cjuarters  were  demanded 
he  removed  to  Notre  Dame  street,  at  the  corner  of  St.  Gabriel,  being  the  first 
merchant  to  locate  on  Notre  Dame  street,  and  afterwards  located  at  the  corner 
of  St.  Lawrence  boulevard  and  Notre  Dame  street,  where  he  continued  until 
1865.  In  that  year  the  store  was  removed  to  Craig  street,  near  St.  Lawrence 
boulevard,  where  he  continued  until  his  new  building  was  erected  at  the  Lomer 
of  St.  Lambert  and  Notre  Dame.  There  the  business  was  successfully  continued 
by  him  until  his  death  April  5,  1892.  Each  remoxal  had  indicated  a  demand 
for  larger  quarters.  The  business  was  marked  by  continuous  growth  and  devel- 
opment under  the  strong  guiding  hand  of  Mr.  Mussen,  who  came  to  be  ranked 
with  the  leading  merchants  of  the  city.  His  store  was  one  of  the  leading  luui- 
mercial  establishments  of  the  province.  After  the  death  of  Mr.  Mussen.  the 
business  was  carried  on  by  his  sons.  William  W.  and  Henry  S.,  until  1900 
when  it  was 'discontinued,  the  brothers  retiring  from  active  business.  William 
W.  Mussen  died  in  T0O4  and  Henry  S.  Mussen  passed  away  in  1912. 

Harold  Beaufort  Mussen,  son  of  William  W.,  and  a  well  known  insurance 

and  real-estate  broker  of  Montreal,  after  acquiring  his  education  in  the  schools 

of  his  native  city,  entered  the  employ  of  the  Canada  Atlantic  Railway,  where  his 
Vol.  m— 10 


210  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

developing  powers  and  ability  won  him  promotion  until  he  became  general  agent. 
He  continued  with  them  until  October,  1904.  when  after  a  service  of  twelve 
years  he  withdrew  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own  account. 


PETER  LYALL. 


In  the  death  of  Peter  Lyall  Montreal  lost  a  citizen  who  left  the  impress  of 
his  individuality  for  good  upon  the  community  in  which  he  lived.  He  was  a  man 
of  fine  personal  appearance,  and  his  splendid  physique  was  an  indication  of  the 
strength  of  his  mental  and  moral  nature.  For  many  years  he  was  connected  with 
business  interests  as  a  prominent  contractor,  being  the  head  of  the  Peter  Lyall 
&  Sons  Construction  Company,  Ltd.  While  in  his  seventieth  year  at  the  time 
of  his  death,  he  had  always  remained  in  active  connection  with  his  business  until 
a  few  days  prior  to  his  demise. 

Scotland  numbered  Mr.  Lyall  among  her  native  sons,  his  birth  having  occurred 
at  Castletown,  Caithness,  Scotland,  where  he  gained  a  practical  knowledge  of  the 
contracting  business  before  crossing  the  Atlantic  in  1870.  When  he  sought  a  home 
in  the  new  world  Montreal  was  his  destination  and  he  made  his  initial  step  in 
circles  here  in  the  employ  of  his  cousin,  the  later  Peter  Nicholson.  Six  years 
were  sufficient  to  bring  him  a  wide  acquaintance  that  he  believed  justified  him  in 
embarking  in  business  on  his  own  account.  He  was  joined  by  his  two  sons, 
William  and  Traill  O.  in  1892.  who  are  still  connected  with  the  business  that  was 
established  in  Montreal  in  1876.  The  third  son,  Peter  D.  Lyall,  is  head  of  a  large 
contracting  firm  in  Winnipeg.  From  the  time  that  he  started  out  independently 
Peter  Lyall  was  successful  and  his  name  figured  prominently  in  connection  with 
building  operations  in  Montreal  and  this  part  of  Canada.  He  kept  in  close  touch 
with  all  phases  of  the  business  and  with  all  progressive  steps  therein.  Many  of 
the  business  structures  of  Montreal  still  stand  as  monuments  to  his  ability,  his 
energy  and  his  notable  ambition.  He  carried  out  the  erection  of  the  Quebec 
Bank  Building,  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital,  Macdonald  Engineering  buildings 
at  McGill,  the  Sun  Life  building,  the  Canada  Life,  the  Grand  Trunk  general 
offices,  the  Coristine  building,  the  new  Board  of  Trade,  the  Stock  Exchange, 
the  Guardian  Life,  the  Dominion  Express  and  Transportation  buildings,  and 
hundreds  of  others.  Some  of  the  finest  residences  of  the  city  also  stand  as 
monuments  to  his  handiwork,  notably  among  which  are  the  homes  of  the  late 
Sir  Edward  S.  Clouston  and  George  L.  Cains.  From  the  time  that  he  started 
out  in  business  his  rise  was  continuous.  It  was  soon  evident  that  he  understood 
the  building  business,  both  from  a  scientific  and  practical  standpoint,  that  his 
reliability  made  him  worthy  of  a  liberal  patronage,  and  that  his  energy  and 
indomitable  spirit  made  possible  the  prompt  and  faithful  execution  of  his  con- 
tracts. Success  came  to  him  soon  and  was  well  merited,  so  that  he  gained  place 
among  the  prosperous  residents  of  the  city.  His  ability  in  management,  his 
power  of  carefully  formulating  plans  and  then  executing  them  with  determination 
was  seen  in  his  cooperation  in  the  organization  of  a  numl)er  of  companies  which 
have  constituted  leading  factors  in  industrial,  commercial  and  financial  circles. 
He  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Lachinc  Rapids  Hydraulic  S:  Land  Company, 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  211 

formed  in  1896,  and  of  the  Midway  Land  Company  in  the  same  year.     He  was 
one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Laprairie  Brick  Company  in  iy04. 

Mr.  Lyall  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Ciiristina  Oman,  who,  Hke  her 
husband,  was  a  native  of  Castletown,  Caithness,  Scotland.  They  became  the 
parents  of  three  sons,  William  and  Traill  O.,  of  Montreal,  Peter  D.,  of  Winnipeg 
and  a  daughter,  now  Mrs.  D.  W.  Lockerby,  of  ]\Iontreal.  .Mr.  Lyall  possessed  a 
social  nature  that  found  expression  in  his  membership  in  the  Canada,  Reform, 
Canadian,  Country  and  Engineers  Clubs.  His  kindly  disjiosition  made  liim  a 
favorite  in  all  circles,  and  among  no  class  of  people  was  he  more  appreciated  than 
by  his  own  eniiiloyes.  He  was  deeply  interested  in  all  that  pertained  to  affairs 
of  government  and  to  municipal  progress.  For  many  years  he  was  a  prominent 
member  of  the  liberal  party,  earnestly  striving  to  promote  its  success,  and  in 
1904  he  unsuccessfully  contested  the  St.  Antoine  district  for  the  Dominion  par- 
liament. At  one  time  he  was  president  of  the  Montreal  Reform  Club  and  at  all 
times  took  a  firm  stand  in  opposition  to  misrule  in  public  affairs  and  in  support 
of  all  that  he  believed  would  uphold  the  honored  tenets  of  government  and  pro- 
mote the  best  interests  of  the  people  in  general.  For  two  years  he  was  a  member 
of  the  Montreal  city  council  and  brought  his  splendid  business  acumen  to  bear 
on  civic  problems,  proving  himself  one  of  the  strongest  men  at  the  council  table. 
He  was  afterward  eagerly  besought  to  again  become  a  member  of  the  council  but 
declined.  He  took  a  deep  and  helpful  interest  in  the  Citizens  Association,  being 
in  hearty  sympathy  with  its  purpose,  and  at  the  time  of  his  demise  was  one  of  its 
vice  presidents.  Above  and  beyond  all  this  Mr.  Lyall  was  known  as  a  man  of 
most  generous  and  benevolent  spirit,  ever  seeking  to  promote  the  welfare  and 
happiness  of  his  fellowmen.  He  could  not  listen  unmoved  to  a. tale  of  sorrow 
or  distress,  and  to  the  extent  of  his  ability  he  extended  a  helping  hand  to  the 
needy.  He  gave  not  only  freely  of  his  money  but  also  a  large  portion  of  his  time 
to  good  works.  He  was  president  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane  at 
X'erdun,  and  his  eff'orts  were  a  potent  force  in  making  it  one  of  the  excellent 
institutions  of  its  character  in  the  country.  The  Western  Hospital  found  him 
ec|ually  helpful  and  generous.  Thus  he  made  his  presence  felt  beneficially  in 
commercial,  political  and  philanthropic  circles.  To  know  him  was  to  esteem 
and  honor  him  by  reason  of  what  he  accomplished  and  the  methods  he  pursued. 
The  most  envious  could  not  grudge  him  his  success,  so  honorably  was  it  won  and 
so  worthily  used. 


ALFRED  B.  DUFRESNE. 

In  insurance  circles  in  Montreal  and  among  business  men  in  general  the  name 
of  Alfred  B.  Dufresne  is  well  known  because  of  his  activity  in  the  field  to 
which  he  directs  his  efforts.  He  was  born  April  13,  1874,  at  Joliette,  Canada,  a 
son  of  J.  Alfred  and  Honorine  (Delfausse)  Dufresne,  who  now  reside  in 
Montreal.  He  was  educated  in  Plateau  Academy  and  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
years  began  work  as  a  clerk  in  the  office  of  the  Alliance  Assurance  Company  in 
Montreal.  During  the  twelve  years  he  served  the  company  he  won  promotion 
.from  time  to  time  until  he  became  chief  clerk,  his  capability  and  fidelity  thus  win- 


212  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

nin.g  him  recognition  and  gaining  for  him  substantial  advancement.  In  1903  he 
was  appointed  inspector  for  the  Mount  Royal  Assurance  Company  and  so  con- 
tinued until  1907,  when  he  was  appointed  chief  specific  rating  inspector  of  the 
Canadian  Fire  Underwriters  Association.  In  1908  he  was  appointed  manager 
of  the  Montreal-Canada  Fire  Insurance  Company,  filling  the  position  for  two 
years,  or  until  1910,  when  he  took  up  general  agency  work,  now  representing  the 
Northwestern  National  Insurance  Company,  the  Montreal-Canada  Fire  Insur- 
ance Company,  the  Anglo-American  Fire  Insurance  Company,  the  Protection 
Fire  Insurance  Company  and  the  Rimouski  Fire  Insurance  Company,  with  offices 
in  (he  Duluth  building. 

On  the  I2th  of  October,  1909.  Mr.  Dufresne  was  married  to  Miss  Gabrielle 
Mathieu,  and  to  them  have  been  born  two  daughters,  Jacqueline  and  Francoise. 
The  family  reside  at  No.  171  Esplanade  avenue,  and  Mr.  Dufresne  is  a  member  of 
the  St.  Denis  Club.  Much  of  his  life  has  been  passed  in  the  city  where  he  now 
resides,  and  his  admirable  traits  of  character,  as  well  as  his  business  ability,  have 
gained  him  firm  hold  on  the  regard  and  good-will  of  all  with  whom  he  has  been 
associated. 


CHARLES    ALBERT    DUCLOS. 

The  name  of  Charles  Albert  Duclos  figures  in  professional  circles  in  Montreal 
as  that  of  a  lawyer  whose  ability  has  won  for  him  a  large  clientage.  He  is  a  man 
of  scholarly  attainments,  which,  added  to  his  knowledge  of  the  law,  has  gained 
him  prestige  among  the  successful  advocates  of  the  city.  A  native  of  Joliette, 
P.  O.,  he  was  born  on  the  3d  of  August,  1861,  his  parents  being  the  Rev.  R.  P. 
and  Sophie  A.  Jeaureneaud  Duclos.  The  father  was  a  French-Canadian,  while 
the  mother  was  born  in  Switzerland.  The  Rev.  R.  P.  Duclos  has  devoted  his 
life  to  the  work  of  the  ministry  as  a  representative  of  the  Presbyterian  church. 
Realizing  the  value  of  education  as  a  factor  for  success  in  any  chosen  field  of 
labor,  the  father  provided  his  son  with  good  opportunities  in  that  direction  and, 
after  attending  the  Montreal  high  school,  Charles  A.  Duclos  entered  McGill 
University,  in  which  he  pursued  the  arts  course,  winning  the  B.  A.  degree  in 
1881.  and  then  entered  ui)iin  the  study  of  law,  winning  the  B.  C.  L.  degree,  with 
the  Elizabeth  Torrance  gold  medal  in  1884.  His  high  standing  in  scholarship 
constituted  the  basis  upon  which  his  friends  builded  their  belief  in  his  successful 
future,  and  the  faith  which  they  manifested  has  found  justification  in  his  profes- 
sional career.  Following  his  graduation  he  at  once  entered  upon  active  practice 
in  Montreal,  where  he  has  remained  continuously  since.  Aside  from  his  practice 
he'  is  the  vice  president  of  the  Ross  Realty  Company,  which  was  organized  in 
1906,  and  in  that  coinicctiDU  he  has  displayed  sound  business  judgment  and 
enterprise. 

In  June,  18S9,  Mr.  Duclos  was  united  in  marriage  to  Isabella  S])ence,  a 
daughter  of  G.  M.  liolbrook,  of  Ottawa,  and  they  reside  at  No.  488  Elm  avenue, 
Westmount.  Mr.  Duclos'  fellow  citizens  of  Westmount  called  him  to  the  office 
of  mayor,  in  which  he  served  in  1905-6,  giving  to  the  city  a  businesslike  and 
progressive  administration.     He  is  a  conservative  in  politics,  and  he  stands  for 


t'HAKI.KS   A.   DUCLOS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  215 

all  that  means  progress  along  material,  intellectual,  political  and  moral  lines.  His 
religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Presbyterian  church.  His  social  connections  are 
with  St.  James,  Canada,  Ro\-al  Montreal  (iolf,  St.  Cieorge  Snowshoe  Clubs,  of 
Montreal ;  and  the  Rideau  Club,  of  CJ)ttawa.  A]:)])reciative  of  the  social  amenities 
of  life  and  readily  recognizing  and  appreciating  these  qualities  in  others,  he  has 
gained  many  friends  in  these  organizations.  However,  he  regards  the  practice  of 
law  as  his  real  life  work  and  bends  his  energies,  in  major  part,  toward  his  pro- 
fessional duties.  He  was  created  king's  counsel  in  1903,  and  the  years  of  his 
active  practice  now  cover  nearly  three  decades — years  in  which  he  has  made  con- 
tinuous advancement  as  the  result  of  constantly  developing  power  in  the  line  of 
his  chosen  profession. 


REV.  CANON  JOHN  MACPHERSON  ALMOND. 

Rev.  Canon  John  Macpherson  Almond,  rector  of  Trinity  church,  Montreal, 
is  a  man  whose  practical  piety  has  been  demonstrated  in  many  ways,  as  a  travel- 
ing missionary,  on  the  field  of  battle,  in  the  pulpit  and  in  quiet  w'ork  among  his 
people.  His  name  stands  as  a  synonym  for  sincerity  of  purpose,  upright  living 
and  breadth  of  mind,  and  his  accomplishments  have  already  been  important 
enough  to  form  a  notable  part  of  the  history  of  the  Anglican  church  in  Canada. 
Canon  Almond  was  born  in  Shigawake.  Quebec  province,  July  27,  1872,  and 
is  a  son  of  James  and  Mary  Ann  (Macpherson)  Almond.  He  studied  in  the 
University  of  Bishop's  College  at  Lennoxville,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
B.  A.  in  1894  and  M.  A.  in  1901.  He  was  ordained  deacon  in  the  Anglican 
church  in  1896  and  priest  in  the  following  year,  being  stationed  first  as  a  mis- 
sionary in  Labrador  and  becoming  afterward  traveling  missionary  for  the  Que- 
bec diocese.  In  October,  1899,  he  was  commissioned  chaplain  to  the  Royal 
Canadian  Regiment  and  accompanied  it  to  South  Africa,  where  he  was  chaplain 
to  the  Nineteenth  Brigade,  composed  of  the  Gordons,  Cornwalls.  Shropshires 
and  Canadians.  His  conduct  during  the  campaign  received  high  praise,  more 
particularly  in  connection  with  his  attendance  on  the  enteric  fever  patients  at 
Bloemfontein,  and  he  was  given  a  medal  for  courageous  and  untiring  work  in 
all  conditions  of  danger  both  from  the  enemy  and  from  disease  and  discomfort. 

Returning  to  Canada  in  December.  1900,  Canon  Almond  was  made  assistant 
curate  at  Holy  Trinity  Cathedral,  Quebec,  and  as  such  remained  one  year,  after 
which  he  was  appointed  rector  at  Grand  Mere.  In  1904  he  was  transferred  to 
Montreal,  where  he  has  since  filled  the  position  of  rector  of  Trinity  church, 
winning  the  love,  respect  and  confidence  of  his  parishoners  and  the  high  regard 
of  all  who  have  an  opportunity  of  knowing  his  honorable  and  upright  life.  Canon 
Almond  is  a  preacher  of  great  power  and  forcefulness  and  has  won  a  wide 
reputation  as  a  speaker,  delivering  among  others  the  oration  at  the  decoration  of 
the  soldiers'  graves  in  Montreal  on  \'ictoria  Day.  1905.  He  was  elected  presi- 
dent of  the  South  African  Veterans  Association  of  Montreal  in  1908  and  of  the 
Last  Post  Association  two  vears  later.  Since  March,  191 1,  he  has  held  the  office 
of  chaplain,  with  the  honorary  rank  of  captain,  in  the  Sixth  Duke  of  Connaught's 
Royal  Canadian  Hussars.     In   191 2  he  was  appointed  chaplain  of  the  Montreal 


216  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

jails.  Archdeacon  Ker  has  called  liim  "a  splendid  preacher,"  and  the  Toronto 
Globe  speaks  of  him  as  "a  man  of  zeal,  practical  piety  and  unselfishness,  with 
a  knack  for  executive  work" — triinites  which  he  has  won  by  most  able  and  untir- 
ing work  in  many  fields.  Canon  Almond  was  married  in  October,  1901,  to 
Nellie  Estelle,  daughter  of  H.  G.  Beemer  of  Quebec. 


\\tllia:\i  langley  bond,  k.  c. 

William  Langley  Bond,  one  of  the  well  known  advocates  of  Montreal,  belongs 
to  an  old  Canadian  family,  his  parents  being  Lieutenant  Colonel  Frank  and 
Mary  (Scott)  Bond.  Colonel  Bond  is  a  well  known  financial  agent  and  stock- 
broker of  Montreal  and  is  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  Archbishop  Bond,  Primate 
of  All  Canada,  and  Eliza  ( Langley )  Bond.  The  father  has  been  connected  with 
banking  and  financial  interests  for  many  years  and  has  also  been  prominent  in 
military  life. 

William  L.  Bond  was  born  in  ^Montreal,  January  20,  1873.  He  attended 
the  high  school  in  Montreal  and  then  entered  IMcGill  University,  from  which  he 
received  the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1894  and  of  B.  C.  L.  in  1897.  In  1898  he  became 
an  advocate  and  shortly  thereafter  a  member  of  the  legal  firm  of  Atwater,  Duclos, 
Bond  &  Meagher,  of  Montreal.  Among  the  famous  cases  wliich  he  argued  was 
tlie  Cantin  case,  which  was  tried  before  Jl.  Comte,  P.  C,  England.  In  Novem- 
ber, 191 1,  he  was  appointed  a  K.  C. 

For  a  number  of  years  Mr.  Bond  was  captain  and  adjutant  of  the  Prince 
of  Wales  Fusiliers.  He  is  also  honorary  treasurer  of  the  Province  of  Quebec 
Rifle  Association.  In  his  religious  faith  he  is  an  .\nglican  and  was  elected  lay 
secretary  of  the  Montreal  Synod  in  1907  and  also  church  advocate.  In  1910 
he  was  made  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  Diocesan  Theological  College.  Mr. 
Bond  is  prominent  in  clul)  life,  being  a  member  of  the  committee  of  St.  James, 
and  a  member  of  the  Reform,  the  x\rts,  and  the  Winter  Clubs.  He  is  a  great 
friend  of  outdoor  sports  and  the  lines  along  which  he  seeks  recreation  are  indi- 
cated by  his  membership  in  the  Royal  ?^Iontreal  Golf  Club,  the  Montreal  Curling 
Club  and  the  Forest  and  Stream.  He  also  belongs  to  the  Montreal  Military 
Institute  and  is  an  honorary  member  of  the  Polo  and  Country  Club. 


ROBERT  ANDERSON  BECKET. 

Robert  Anderson  Becket,  did  much  to  promote  musical  talent,  directly  assist- 
ing many  young  musicians,  and  thus  his  loss  was  distinctl\-  felt  in  musical  circies, 
when  death  called  him  on  the  lAh  of  May,  1910.  Ho  had  passed  the  seventy- 
fifth  milestone  on  life's  journey,  his  birth  having  occurred  in  .'>colland.  December, 
30,  1834.  His  father,  James  Becket,  came  to  Canada  with  his  family  in  1841 
and  was  connected  with  the  customs  department  at  Montreal,  where  Robert  A. 
pursued  his  education  in  jirixate  schools.     He  was  a  young  man  in  his  twenty- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  217 

fourth  year,  when  on  January  ii,  1858,  he  wedded  Anne  Wilson,  born  in  Belle- 
meana,  Ireland,  a  daughter  of  Samuel  Wilson. 

Robert  A.  Becket  had  made  his  initial  step  in  business  as  bookkeeper  for  his 
uncle,  J.  C.  Becket,  on  St.  James  street  in  Montreal,  but  in  the  year  of  his  mar- 
riage, removed  to  Belleville,  Ontario,  where  he  embarked  in  business  on  his 
own  account  conducting  a  music  and  stationery  store,  for  about  eight  years,  or 
until  1866,  when  he  returned  to  this  city  and  became  manager  for  the  D.  Morris 
Ice  Company.  Some  time  passed  and  he  became  owner  of  this  enterprise,  in 
which  connection  he  built  up  a  large  and  profitable  business.  He  organized  a 
joint  stock  company  called  the  City  Ice  Company,  Limited,  and  devoted  all  of 
his  time  to  the  conduct  of  his  business,  carefully  directing  its  interests.  He 
was  a  progressive  man  and  was  especially  active  along  musical  lines,  doing 
much  to  help  young  musicians.  He  was  also  a  prominent  figure  in  quartet  and 
choir  work  and  there  was  perhaps,  no  one  who  did  more  to  stimulate  among 
the  young,  a  love  for  music  of  the  higher  class,  than  Mr.  Becket. 

Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Becket  were  born  twelve  children,  of  whom  five  are 
living:  Christina  A.;  Dr.  George  C,  of  East  Orange,  New  Jersey;  Ralph  A.,  of 
Montreal ;  Fred  M.,  of  Niagara  Falls,  New  York ;  and  Frank  W.,  of  New  York. 
The  family  attend  the  Erskine  church,  of  which  Mr.  Becket  was  a  prominent 
member  and  elder,  his  religious  faith  constituting  the  root  from  which  sprang 
his  many  good  deeds,  wrought  along  lines  of  continuous  benefit  to  his  fellowmen. 


HAROLD  EARLE  WALKER. 

Harold  Earle  Walker,  practicing  at  the  l)ar  of  Montreal  as  a  member  of  the 
law  firm  of  Chauvin,  Baker  &  Walker,  was  born  in  Westmount,  Quebec,  in 
1882.  His  father,  James  Robert  W'alker,  a  native  of  the  city  of  Quebec,  became 
senior  partner  of  the  well  known  firm  of  J.  R.  Walker  &  Company  of  Montreal 
and  is  not  only  well  known  in  business  circles  but  also  through  his  active  con- 
nection with  public  afifairs.  At  one  time  he  was  mayor  of  Westmount  and  has 
taken  an  active  part  in  furthering  matters  of  civic  virtue  and  civic  pride.  He 
married  Agnes  Cooper  Earle. 

After  attending  the  Abingdon  school,  Mr.  Walker  became  a  student  in  McGill 
University,  completing  the  arts  course  in  1904  and  the  law  course  with  the  class 
of  1907.  His  standing  is  indicated  l)y  the  fact  that  he  won  the  Elizabeth  Torrance 
gold  medal  and  the  Macdonald  scholarship.  Following  his  graduation  with  the 
class  of  1907,  which  was  indicative  of  the  completion  of  the  thorough  course  of 
law  prescribed  by  McGill,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  after  a  year  spent  in 
France  returned  to  Montreal  to  enter  upon  the  active  practice  of  his  profession, 
which  he  now  follows  as  a  member  of  the  law  firm  of  Chauvin.  Baker  &  Walker. 
An  extensive  practice  is  fast  adding  to  his  experience  and  developing  the  powers 
with  which  nature  endowed  him. 

In  Montreal,  in  191 1,  Mr.  Walker  was  united  in  marriage  to  ]\Iiss  Hazel  A. 
Hart,  a  daughter  of  R.  A.  Baldwin  Hart.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Pres- 
bvterian  church,  and  something  of  the  nature  of  his  recreation  is  indicated  in 
the  fact  that  he  is  a  member  of  the  Beaconsfield  Golf  Club.-   He  is  a  typical  young 


218  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

professional  man  of  ihe  age,  alert,  energetic,  watchful  of  opportunities.  His 
friends  anticipate  for  him  future  success,  and  the  record  he  has  already  made 
shows  that  he  has  taken  a  far  step  in  advance  since  entering  upon  the  active  prac- 
tice of  law. 


JOSEPH    BOWLES   LEARMOXT. 

The  history  of  a  country  is  no  longer  an  account  of  wars  and  conquests,  but 
is  a  record  of  notable  business  activity,  of  intellectual,  aesthetic  and  moral  prog- 
ress and  political  management  and  control.  While  never  active  in  the  field  of 
politics,  Joseph  Bowles  Learmont  was  not  only  highly  successful  where  his  tastes 
led,  but  was  as  well  one  of  the  foremost  merchants  of  the  city,  and  well  known  in 
the  business  community  of  Montreal.  He  cooperated  in  various  interests  having 
broad  humanitarianism  as  their  basic  principle,  and  he  was  a  connoisseur  on  rare 
books  and  engravings.  His  interests  were  wide  and  varied  and  brought  him  into 
close  connection  with  many  of  the  leading  citizens  of  the  Dominion. 

Mr.  Learmont  was  a  native  of  Montreal.  From  the  beginning  of  his  business 
career  success  attended  him  so  that  he  at  length  was  numbered  among  the  city's 
most  substantial  business  men.  In  all  his  career  there  was  no  esoteric  phase,  his 
advancement  having  been  through  constructive  and  progressive  methods.  Study- 
ing the  demands  of  the  times  and  the  conditions  of  trade  he  was  no  small  factor  in 
the  growth  and  development  of  the  extensive  wholesale  hardware  business  of 
Caverhill,  Learmont  &  Company,  of  which  Mr.  Learmont  was  the  senior  mem- 
ber. This  well  known  house  succeeded  Crathern  &  Caverhill  (which  was  estab- 
lished in  1854)  and  occupies  a  foremost  position  in  its  line,  with  a  reputation  for 
commercial  integrity  second  to  none. 

Successful  business  man  that  he  was,  commerce  constituted  but  one  feature  in 
the  life  of  Mr.  Learmont.  He  was  of  decided  literary  tastes  and  was  frequently 
heard  on  literary  and  historical  subjects.  He  was,  moreover,  the  author  of  a 
most  interesting  paper  on  folk  lore,  in  which  extended  mention  is  made  of  the 
folk  lore  of  Canada.  Another  paper  of  equal  interest  from  his  pen  is  on  The 
Canadian  Indian.  ]\lr.  Learmont  was  widely  known  as  a  collector  of  rare  books 
and  manuscripts,  etchings,  engravings  and  autograph  letters,  his  knowledge  of 
such  being  that  of  a  connoisseur.  His  collection  of  Bibles  comprised  more  than 
one  hundred  rare  volumes.  He  also  wrote  on  engravings,  translations  of  the 
English  versions  of  the  Bible,  children's  elementary  books,  etc. 

Mr.  Learmont's  keen  interest  in  matters  historic  was  probably  best  shown 
in  his  purchase  of  Quebec  House,  the  home  of  Major  General  James  Wolfe, 
Westcrham,  Kent.  England.  The  motive  which  inspired  liim  to  make  the  ]nir- 
chase  was  to  secure  the  pro]5erty  for  the  Canadian  people,  to  be  held  Iw  them  in 
perpetuity  "irrespective  of  race,  language  or  creed.''  His  desire  was  that  the 
Canadian  ])eople  maintain  it  so  that  it  may  be  open  to  visitors  and  free  to  all  that 
are  interested  in  Canada.  Mr.  Learmont  always  manifested  the  keenest  interest 
in  anything  associated  with  Wolfe  and  had  made  a  collection  of  engravings  of 
the  famous  general.  He  also  possessed  an  excellent  painting  of  Wolfe's  father, 
the  work  of  Sir  Jam*  Thornhill. 


-i.  ■ 

1 

■ 

1 

^^^H 

■  \ 

1 

^^^^^Hii 

1 

^^■1 

1 

J 

JOSEPH  B.  LEARMONT 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  ■  221 

Mr.  Learmont  was  a  nicnibcr  of  the  council  of  the  ^[ontrcal  Art  Association 
and  treasurer  of  the  local  branch  and  one  of  the  council  of  the  Archaeological 
Institute  of  America.  He  likewise  became  one  of  the  early  members  of  the 
Anti(|uarian  Society  of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Learmont  was  first  married  to  Miss  Amelia  Jane  llolton,  a  dauf^hter  of 
the  late  Hon.  L.  H.  Holton,  '\l.  P.,-  a  ])rominent  parliamentarian  and  statesman. 
I'ollowing  her  death,  he  married,  in  18S2,  Charlotte  Smithers,  a  daughter  of  the 
late  Charles  F.  Smithers,  president  of  the  ISank  of  Montreal.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Learmont  were  always  in  full  accord  concerning  religious  and  charitable  work. 
He  was  connected  with  the  Congregational  church  anfl  a  generous  sui)])orter  of 
church  and  benevolent  enterprises.  Mrs.  Learmont  is  particularly  well  known  in 
efforts  to  ameliorate  the  conditions  of  life  for  the  unfortunate.  She  is  interested 
in  the  movement  for  providing  playgrounds  for  children ;  is  vice  president  of  the 
Montreal  Day  Nursery;  vice  president  of  the  local  branch  of  the  Needle  Work 
(juild,  and  president  and  convener  of  the  local  branch  of  the  ladies'  committee 
of  the  \'ictorian  Order  of  Nurses.  She  is  likewise  a  director  of  the  City  Improve- 
ment League ;  was  one  of  the  directors  of  the  Royal  Edward  Listitute,  and  is 
one  of  the  honorary  presidents  of  the  Young  Women's  Christian  Association. 
She  was  one  of  a  deputation,  headed  by  the  Countess  of  Aberdeen,  who  pre- 
sented Queen  Alexandra  an  address  of  congratulation  from  twenty-five  hundred 
women  of  Canada. 

Mr.  Learmont  was  a  member  of  the  committee  of  management  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital ;  a  member  of  the  board  and  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  branch 
of  the  Mctorian  Order  of  Nurses,  and  a  director  of  the  Charity  Organization 
Society.  He  belonged  to  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  of  which  he  was  for  two 
years  a  councilor,  and  in  more  strictly  social  lines  was  a  member  of  the  St.  James, 
Mount  Royal,  Montreal  and  City  Clubs.  He  was  termed  "a  man  of  exquisite 
taste  and  deep  knowledge  on  special  subjects."  He  was  an  advocate  of  all  that 
is  most  progressive  and  beneficial,  never  choosing  the  second  best  but  seeking  out 
those  things  which  are  most  beneficial  to  the  individual  and  to  the  community, 
recognizing  every  man's  relation  and  obligation  to  his  fellowman. 

Mr.  Learmont  died  March  12,  1914. 


FREDERICK  WILLIAM   THOMPSON. 

Centuries  past  the  history  of  a  country  consisted  of  a  record  of  wars  and 
conquests — the  contest  of  man  with  man  ;  today  the  history  is  the  record  of 
man's  contests  with  material  forces  and  those  who  are  making  the  history  of  a 
country  are  the  men  who  are  controlling  its  important  agricultural,  commercial 
and  professional  interests.  It  is  they  who  are  shaping  the  annals  of  the  nation 
and  those  who  rise  to  leadership  in  any  given  line  are  the  men  who  are  pre- 
paring the  records  that  in  years  to  come  will  be  eagerly  read  as  the  history  of  the 
past.  In  this  connection  the  name  of  Frederick  William  Thompson  stands 
prominently  forth,  for  he  became  one  of  the  foremost  figures  in  connection  with 
the  milling  industry  of  Canada.     He  was  born  in  Montreal,  January  16,  1862, 


222  •  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

and  was  but  in  the  prime  of  life  when  he  passed  away  in  London,  England,  May 
7,  1912.  His  parents  were  the  late  Andrew  and  Josephine  (DeLesperance) 
Thompson.  The  son  was  educated  in  Montreal  and  in  Brooklyn,  New  York, 
living  for  some  years  in  the  latter  city.  Subsequently  he  returned  to  Montreal 
and  entered  the  service  of  the  Exchange  Bank  as  a  clerk,  remaining  with  that  insti- 
tution for  seven  years.  It  was  thus  that  he  gained  his  preliminarv  business 
experience  which  he  later  turned  to  account  in  the  management  of  milling  opcia- 
tions.  In  1882  he  joined  the  Ogilvie  ]\Iills  in  Winnipeg,  becoming  general  man- 
ager of  the  Ogilvie  Milling  Company  in  1888.  Following  the  death  of  W.  W. 
Ogilvie  in  1900  the  entire  company's  interests  were  consolicjated  and  the  busi- 
ness purchased  by  I\Ir.  Thompson  and  C.  R.  Hosmer.  In  191 1  the  Ogilvies  were 
made  millers  to  the  King.  The  business  gradually  grew  and  developed  and 
became  a  focal  point  in  the  milling  industry  of  the  country,  setting  the  stanuard 
for  activity  along  that  line.  Mr.  Thompson  was  active  in  coordinating  forces 
and  in  developing  an  enterprise  which  became  second  to  none  in  all  Canada.  He 
had  wonderful  powers  of  organization  and  could  unite  seemingly  diverse  elements 
into  a  unified  and  harmonious  whole.  He  considered  no  detail  as  too  unim- 
portaot  to  claim  his  attention,  while,  at  the  same  time,  he  gave  due  regard  to  the 
major  points  in  his  business.  His  executive  force  and  management  were  many 
times  called  forth  in  other  connections. 

He  had  voice  in  the  control  of  many  important  business  and  financial  interests 
and  in  affairs  of  a  public  and  semi-public  character.  He  was  a  director  of  the 
Canadian  branch  of  the  Liverpool  &  London  &  Globe  Insura^nce  Company,  the 
Montreal  Transportation  Company,  the  Canadian  Appraisal  Company,  the  Electric 
Flour  Patents  Company,  the  E.  N.  Heney  Company,  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada, 
the  Manitoba  Asstirance  Company,  and  was  president  of  the  Keystone  Transpor- 
tation Company  and  of  the  Canada  Appraisal  Company.  He  was  also  the  origi- 
nator of  the  Kaministiqua  Power  Companv  and  of  a  large  number  of  other 
enterprises  which  contributed  to  the  history  of  the  country  in  its  commercial  and 
financial  development. 

As  stated,  Mr.  Thompson  was  a  prominent  figure  in  relation  to  many  public 
and  semi-public  interests.  He  was  a  governor  of  the  Winnipeg  General  Hospital ; 
and  a  life  governor  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane,  the  Western  Home 
and  the  Boys'  Home.  In  igo8  he  lectured  on  Plain  Business  Facts.  He  was 
president  of  the  Winnipeg  Industrial  Exchange  Association  and  of  the  Winnipeg 
Board  of  Trade.  He  was  likewise  a  vice  presideiit  of  the  Winnipeg  Rowing  Club : 
president  and  patron  of  the  local  branch  of  the  Royal  Caledonia  Curling  Club, 
and  honorary  president  of  the  Winnipeg  Hockey  Club.  He  was  a  diractor  of 
the  Montreal  Association  for  the  Blind,  governor  of  the  Montreal  ^^'estern  Hos- 
pital, councilor  of  the  Montreal  Board  oi  Trade,  and  in  Montreal  no  less  than  in 
Winnipeg  he  was  greatly  interested  in  all  ])ublic  enterprises  and  philanthroiiic 
undertakings.  In  1903  he  was  a  delegate  to  the  Fifth  Commercial  Congress 
of  the  Emjjire. 

In  the  previous  year  Mr.  Tliom])son  received  the  Prince  and  Princess  of 
Wales,  now  King  George  and  Queen  Mary,  at  the  Ogilvie  Mill  in  Winnipeg  and 
subsequently  presented  the  Princess  with  the  i)icture  of  the  largest  flour  mill  in 
the  British  Empire.  It  was  in  the  same  year  ih.it  the  largest  shipment  of  flour  to 
.'^outh  .'\merica  from  the  Dominion  of  Crniada  was  made. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  223 

111  1882  Mr.  Thompson  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Wilhelmina  Reid,  a 
daughter  of  the  late  VVilHam  Reid  of  Bedford,  province  of  Quebec,  and  their  chil- 
dren were  Marion,  Fred,  Alice  and  Helen.  The  first  named  became  the  wife  of 
D.  C.  Rea,  of  Winni[)eg,  manager  of  the  Royal  ISaiik.  Mr.  Thomiison  was 
prominently  known  in  ciuh  and  social  circles,  holding  membership  in  the  St. 
James,  Mount  Royal,  Canada,  h'orest  and  Stream,  Royal  Montreal  Golf,  Mon- 
treal Jockey,  and  Auto  and  .\ero  Clubs;  Montreal  .Amateur  .\thletic  Association; 
the  Montreal  Curling  Club;  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa;  the  Constitutional  of 
London  ;  Manitoba  of  Winnipeg ;  and  the  York  Club  of  Toronto. 

Perhaps  no  better  estimate  of  the  life  and  character  of  Mr.  Thompson  can 
be  given  than  by  quoting  from  an  editorial  which  appeared  in  one  of  the  papers 
at  the  time  of  his  demise  and  which  read : 

"Death  has  within  a  year  robbed  the  Canadian  milling  industry  of  its  two 
most  prominent  leaders.  During  the  years  which  brought  Robert  Meighen  and 
Frederick  William  Thompson  to  the  top,  the  flour  milling  industry  underwent  an 
expansion  and  consolidation  second  only  to  that  of  the  transportation  industry 
and  the  metal  industries.  The  process  was  peculiarly  favorable  to  the  rise  of  men 
of  strong  personal  character  and  large  intellectual  capacity.  It  is  not  surprising, 
therefore,  to  find  the  leaders  of  the  industry  taking  a  larger  part  in  the  public  life 
of  the  country  than  those  of  almost  any  other  business.  Without  ever  seeking 
office  or  public  honors,  for  which  indeed  the  cares  of  his  business  left  him  no 
time,  the  late  Mr.  Thompson  exercised  a  very  wide  and  effective  influence  upon 
the  beliefs  and  policies  of  Canada  in  business  matters.  When  he  spoke  it  was  not 
as  a  mere  expert  miller,  but  as  an  authority  of  the  widest  knowledge ;  and  as  he 
never  wasted  a  public  utterance  by  dealing  with  any  matter  on  which  he  was  not 
perfectly  informed,  he  was  listened  to  with  a  respect  which  neither  his  wealth 
nor  his  business  success  alone  could  have  commanded.  There  are  men  still  living 
who  can  remember  when  the  flour  milling  of  Canada  was  carried  on  in  hundreds 
of  small  local  mills  under  separate  ownership.  The  process  of  centralizing  the 
industry  has  been  pretty  well  completed  now;  such  companies  as  that  of  which 
Mr.  Thompson  was  the  active  head  are  national  in  their  sco])e  and  the  extent  of 
their  properties. 

"He  has  been  cut  off  in  the  prime  of  life  and  it  is  difficult  to  conjecture  what 
further  progress  of  organization  he  might  have  participated  in.  had  he  lived. 
\Miatever  it  might  be,  we  can  be  sure  that  the  interests  of  Canada  would  have 
been  advantaged,  for  he  was  a  thorough  Canadian  by  birth  and  by  conviction  and 
ever  regarded  the  milling  industry  less  as  a  source  of  wealth  than  as  a  factor 
in  Canada's  greatness.  In  these  days  the  best  and  most  practical  form  of 
patriotism  is  frequentlv  to  be  found  in  business." 


WILLIAM  H.  HOPE. 

William  H.  Hope,  for  more  than  thirty  years  an  active  business  man  on  St. 
Catherine  street,  near  Mansfield,  was  born,  March  9,  1840,  in  the  north  of 
England,  and  died  September  11,  IQ03,  so  that  his  life  span  compassed  sixty-three 
years.     He  came  to  Montreal  as  a  young  man  and  on  July  26,  1S78,  was  married 


224  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

in  this  city  to  Miss  Alary  E.  Percy.  Their  family  numbered  seven  children :  Lena, 
who  is  Mrs.  Thomas  Bradley,  now  a  resident  of  New  York  city;  Eva,  the  wife 
of  Rev.  Himter  Laverie.  of  Forest,  Ontario;  William  G.,  of  Portland,  Oregon; 
Adam  V.,  who  died  in  infancy  ;  Sadie,  who  is  the  wife  of  George  Wanless,  of 
Outremont ;  Clittord  R. ;  and  Elsie. 

Air.  Hope  was  a  well  known  business  man,  conducting  an  art  store  at  one 
location  for  over  thirty  years.  His  business  integrity  was  above  question  and  he 
was  respected  by  all  who  knew  him.  In  his  political  faith  he  was  a  conservative, 
but  did  not  take  an  active  part  in  politics.  He  was  interested,  however,  in  the  pro- 
.notion  of  athletic  and  outdoor  sports  for  the  young.  A  man  of  domestic  taste, 
he  found  his  greatest  happiness  at  his  own  fireside,  doing  everything  in  his  power 
to  promote  the  welfare  of  his  wife  and  children.  He  held  membership  in  St, 
Paul's  Presbyterian  church  and  his  life  was  actuated  by  high  and  honorable 
principles  that  made  him  a  thorough  gentleman,  courteous,  kindly  and  consider- 
ate at  all  times. 


JAMES   O'CONNOR 

Prominent  in  the  business  and  financial  life  of  the  city,  James  O'Connor  was 
numbered  among  Montreal's  well  known  and  successful  business  men.  He  was 
born  at  St.  Alphonse,  province  of  Quebec,  and  when  a  youifg  man  in  his  teens, 
came  to  Montreal  at  which  time  his  capital  was  but  little  more  than  his  energy, 
pluck  and  determination.  From  the  time  of  his  arrival  here  his  attention  was 
largely  concentrated  upon  business  affairs  and  he  wisely  improved  his  time  and 
opportunities,  thus  advancing  step  by  step  until  he  reached  the  plane  of  affluence. 
For  many  years  he  had  charge  of  the  wholesale  pork  packing  house  on  Williams 
street  and  there  laid  the  foundation  for  his  fortune. 

For  a  number  of  years  before  his  death,  Mr.  O'Connor  had  largely  confined 
his  business  activities  to  the  stock  market,  where  he  was  a  prominent  figure. 
While  a  man  of  sound  judgment  and  keen  business  sagacity,  one  of  his  strongest 
characteristics  was  his  great  courage  and  persistency.  During  the  great  financial 
depression  of  1907,  when  security  values  were  slumping  in  a  manner  that  brought 
financial  ruin  to  many,  Mr.  O'Connor's  fortune  suffered  a  large  shrinkage.  He 
had  confidence  in  the  future,  however,  and  the  pluck  to  hold  on,  with  the  result 
that  he  recouped  his  losses  and  added  substantially  to  his  fortune,  which  was  esti- 
mated at  over  a  half  million  dollars  at  the  time  of  his  retirement. 

He  was  one  of  the  largest  individual  holders  of  Dominion  Steel  preferred  and 
also  an  extensive  holder  of  the  common  stock.  He  was  likewise  a  heavy  stock- 
holder in  the  Dominion  Coal  Company. 

All  his  life  he  was  a  man  of  business,  which  through  careful  attention  brotight 
him  substantial  as  well  as  honorable  sticcess.  Mr.  O'Connor  was  a  figtire  that 
attracted  attention  and  he  made  lasting  friendships  in  business  as  well  as  in  private 
life.  He  was  known  as  a  man  of  his  word,  and  always  ready  to  lend  a  helping  hand 
to  those  less  fortunate  in  life's  battle.  Many  of  his  acts  of  kindness  and  sub- 
stantial assistance  were  known  only  to  the  recipients.  His  acquaintance  was  large 
and  inclufled  the  prominent  business  and  public  men  of  his  time. 


JAMES   O'CONNOR 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  227 

Mr.  O'Connor  held  membership  in  St.  Anthony's  CathoHc  church  and  in 
poHtics  he  was  a  conservative.  In  his  habits  and  tastes,  he  was  most  domestic, 
finding  his  greatest  pleasure  in  administering  to  the  welfare  and  happiness  of  his 
family.  The  most  envious  could  not  jjegrudge  him  his  success,  so  honorably  was 
it  won  and  so  worthily  used  for  the  benefit  and  assistance  of  others.  His  nature 
was  one  of  extreme  generosity  and  his  example  is  worthy  of  emulation. 

His  sudden  death  on  April  15,  1909,  left  a  widow,  a  son  and  two  daughters. 
James  O'Connor  is  a  resident  of  Montreal ;  Margaret  resides  at  home ;  and  Laura 
Esther  is  now  Mrs.  G.  F.  Hemsley.  Mrs.  O'Connor  previous  to  her  marriage 
which  took  place  in  St.  Patrick's  church,  Montreal,  was  Miss  Catherine  Curran, 
a  daughter  of  John  Curran,  a  prominent  and  distinguished  citizen  of  this  city. 


HARRIS  VINEBERG. 


Among  the  mercantile  institutions  of  Montreal  is  that  of  H.  Vineberg  & 
Company,  clothing  manufacturers  for  the  trade,  the  inception  and  building  up 
of  which  business  is  entirely  due  to  the  indefatigable  efforts  of  H.  Vineberg. 
The  firm  occupies  what  is  known  as  \'ineberg's  building,  eight  stories  in  height. 
Hundreds  of  young  men  have  learned  their  trade  and  received  their  start  in  this 
establishment,  and  that  many  of  them  today  occupy  creditable  positions  in  life 
is  in  a  measure  due  to  the  lofty  principles  which  are  the  policy  of  the  firm.  Many 
have  profited  by  Mr.  Vineberg's  kindly  advice,  who  took  an  interest  in  each 
employe  of  his  large  enterprise  and  who,  moreover,  often  helped  them  to  begin 
their  career  in  the  right  direction.  Mr.  Vineberg  has  aided  many  men  who  are 
today  prominent  in  professional  life  in  the  city  and  has  ever  taken  a  deep  interest 
in  charitable  and  church  organizations,  having  particularly  given  his  aid  to  those 
who  came  to  this  country  in  straitened  circumstances  in  order  to  enjoy  the  ])riv- 
ileges  of  British  freedom,  British  institutions  and  the  prosperity  held  out  to  all 
who  but  want  to  grasp  it  in  the  vast  Canadian  commonwealth. 

Harris  Vineberg  was  born  in  1853,  on  the  25th  of  December,  a  Jewish  feast 
day  called  Chanuka,  in  Zidugira,  Russian  Poland.  Zidugira  means  Jewish  bush, 
and  his  ancestors  owned  the  vast  forests  in  Poland  from  which  this  name  is 
derived.  It  may  be  mentioned  in  this  connection  that  the  cable  address  used 
by  the  house  of  H.  Mneberg  &  Company  toda\'  is  "Zidugira,''  perpetuating  in 
a  manner  the  memory  of  that  place  which  gave  birth  to  him  and  whence  he  sallied 
forth  into  the  world  to  build  his  fortune.  It  seems  that  this  reverent  attitude 
toward  his  birthplace,  toward  his  parents  and  toward  his  people  has  been  the 
guiding  star  over  Mr.  \"ineberg's  career,  the  star  which  has  led  him  to. the  goal. 
His  parents  were  Lazarus  and  Malca  Vineberg,  the  former  of  whom  died  in 
Palestine  in  1901  and  the  latter  in  1882. 

Their  son  Harris  received  a  strictly  orthodox  education  from  private  teach- 
ers. After  liaving  mastered  the  curriculum  he  assisted  his  father  in  the  lumber 
business  for  the  last  two  years  which  he  spent  in  his  native  land.  However,  the 
young  man  could  not  content  himself  with  the  limitations  which  hedged  him  in 
on  all  sides  under  Russian  rule  and.  coveting  the  opportunity  of  a  wider  sphere 


228  '       HISTORY  OF  :M0NTREAL 

of  action,  he  made  up  his  mind  to  seek  that  country  under  which  the  greatest  per- 
sonal liberty,  the  greatest  freedom  of  thought,  the  greatest  tolerance  of  religious 
views  prevailed.  With  an  eye  to  the  practical,  he  selected  that  part  of  the 
empire  which  seemed  to  him  to  hold  out  the  greatest  opportunity. 

In  September,  1872,  Mr.  Vineberg  came  to  Montreal  on  the  steamship  Sar- 
matian.  A  brother  had  broken  the  home  ties  with  him  and  with  this  brother 
he  worked  one  year  in  Glengarry  county,  where  he  acquired  a  fair  knowledge 
of  English.  He  then  made  for  Montreal  in  order  to  profit  by  the  opportunities 
which  the  fast  growing  center  of  population  held  out  and  for  seven  months  he 
worked  in  a  humble  capacity,  earning  but  two  dollars  a  week.  On  Satur- 
days and  Sundays  he  instructed  two  boys  in  the  Hebrew  language  and  in  this 
manner  earned  sufficient  to  pay  for  his  board.  Quickly  accommodating  himself, 
however,  to  the  new  conditions  of  life,  Mr.  Vineberg  never  lost  sight  of  his  pur- 
pose and,  husbanding  his  small  resources,  he  strove  eagerly  to  establish  himself 
in  business.  He  opened  a  small  store  at  No.  662  Craig  street,  near  St.  Peter,  and 
devoted  his  whole  time  for  one  year  to  that  establishment  with  such  good  success 
that  at  the  end  of  that  period  he  had  to  seek  larger  quarters  on  McGill  street, 
where  he  remained  until  1876,  when  removal  was  made  to  Lancaster,  Ontario. 
Careful  of  his  profits,  he  was  there  enabled  to  establish  a  general  country  store 
of  considerable  size  which  he  conducted  for  four  years, — years  which  brought 
him  added  prosperity.  Mr.  \'ineberg  has  ever  held  a  warm  place  in  his  heart 
for  the  little  village  of  Lancaster,  to  which  he  largely  credits  his  commercial 
education.  There  he  had  already  attained  such  prominence  thdt  he  was  moving 
in  the  best  of  circles  and  was  associated  with  and  sought  out  by  the  foremost 
men  of  that  county.  In  1880  Mr.  Vineberg  returned  to  Montreal,  having  defin- 
itely decided  to  engage  in  the  manufacture  of  clothing  and,  beginning  in  a  small 
way  in  a  private  house,  he  formed  a  partnership  with  G.  Burnett  under  the 
firm  style  of  G.  Burnett  &  Company.  Although  the  firm's  policy  was  such  that 
it  should  have  resulted  in  success,  it  was  forced  to  close  out  in  1891  and  liquidated 
in  that  year.  Such  means  as  Mr.  \'ineberg  had  acquired  up  to  that  time  were 
swept  away  by  this  unfortunate  venture,  and  when  he  started  again  in  1892. 
tenaciously  holding  to  his  purpose,  he  had  to  begin  practically  without  capital. 
However,  he  enjoyed  a  good  reputation  and  among  his  personal  following  were 
many  who  had  utmost  confidence  in  his  integrity  and  ability.  He  seciu"ed  the 
assistance  of  Mr.  Westgate  of  the  H.  B.  Knitting  Company,  and  it  was  this  com- 
bination which  formed  the  beginning  of  Progress  brand  clothing,  under  which 
name  the  output  of  H.  Vineberg  &  Company  is  favorably  known  to  the  trade  in 
all  the  Dominion.  His  thorough  understanding  of  the  business,  his  capacity 
for  detail,  his  executive  ability  and  understanding  of  human  nature  led  him  to 
the  position  which  he  now  occupies  at  the  head  of  one  of  the  leading  establish- 
ments of  its  kind  in  the  city.  The  finn  was  incorporated  in  1908  and  in  1912 
was  transformed  into  a  joint  stock  company,  of  which  Air.  \'inel)erg  became  the 
president. 

Although  Mr.  Vineberg's  mercantile  interests  are  large,  he  has  found  time 
and  opportunity  to  ])rove  himself  one  of  those  men  to  whom  the  jirogress  of  the 
city  and  the  welfare  of  its  people  is  of  foremost  importance.  Deeply  grateful  for 
such  success  as  has  come  to  him — and  in  his  modest  way  not  at  all  ascribing  it  to 
his  personality,  his  energy,  his  patience,  his  judgment  and  industry — Mr.  Vine- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  229 

berg  welcomes  the  opportunity  of  giving  to  charitable  institutions  and  of  aiding 
those  who  strive  to  make  a  success  of  Hfe.  He  has  never  forgotten  how  he  once 
started  himself — a  poor  Jewish  boy  without  means  and  friends — and  how  he  had 
to  struggle  to  obtain  a  place  in  society.  It  is  therefore  but  natural  that  he  shows 
the  deepest  understanding  and  the  greatest  sympathy  for  those  who  today  find 
themselves  in  similar  conditions,  even  if  these  are  not  so  trying  as  those  which 
the  young  emigrant  from  the  Sarmatian  met.  Mr.  Vineberg  is  a  director  of  the 
Jewish  Colonization  Institute,  engaged  in  Jewish  communal  work.  He  was  presi- 
dent of  the  Young  Men's  Benevolent  Hebrew  Society  from  1888  until  1892,  dur- 
ing which  time  Baron  de  Hirsch  sent  the  first  ten  thousand  dollars  with  which  the 
Baron  de  Hirsch  Institute  was  founded.  Before  being  president  of  this  society, 
Mr.  Vineberg  was  a  director  and  in  that  capacity  wrote  to  the  famous  Jewish 
philanthropist  calling  his  attention  to  the  needs  of  such  an  institution,  and  it 'was  he 
who  was  largely  instrumental  in  founding  the  institute  at  St.  Elizabeth  street.  In 
addition  to  his  duties  in  connection  with  the  Benevolent  Hebrew  Society  for 
Young  Men  and  the  Baron  de  Hirsch  Institute,  Mr.  Vineberg  was  one  of  those 
who  were  most  active  in  promoting  its  religious  school  and  he  was  chairman  of 
the  committee  having  charge  over  that  department  for  many  years.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Spanish-Portuguese  Synagogue  and  also  of  the  English  and  Ger- 
man Synagogue  on  McGill  College  avenue,  in  which  latter  he  held  the  position 
of  secretary  for  four  years.  He  was  one  of  the  leading  and  most  energetic  spirits 
in  moving  the  synagogue  to  McGill  College  avenue  from  St.  Constant  street,  being 
at  that  time  the  secretary.  He  also  is  a  director  of  the  Hebrew  Free  Loan  Asso- 
ciation and  a  member  of  every  Jewish  charitable  institution  in  Montreal.  How- 
ever, that  his  charity  and  his  interest  in  those  who  are  afflicted  is  not  limited  by 
creed  is  evident  from  the  fact  that  he  is  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital. 

During  his  long  business  career  Mr.  Vineberg  has  been  the  mentor  of  many 
of  the  leading  merchants  and  manufacturers  of  this  city  who  began  their  careers 
in  his  employ  and  who  learned  their  trade  in  his  place  and  there  laid  the  founda- 
tions of  their  fortunes.  Hundreds  of  well-to-do  families  in  Montreal  have  been 
able  to  establish  themselves  in  comfortable  circumstances  through  their  connec- 
tion with  the  house  of  Vineberg  &  Company.  There  are  a  number  of  professional 
men  who  occupy  an  honored  place  in  their  spheres  of  activities  and  who  are 
indebted  to  Mr.  \'ineberg  for  timely  help  and  advice  and  there  are  many  who  are 
well  known  in  the  city  today  who  reached  these  shores  as  emigrants  with  small 
means,  and  friendless,  and  who  found  in  him  one  who  was  willing  to  assuage 
such  troubles  as  beset  them. 

Mr.  Vineberg  is  devoting  much  of  his  time  to  the  care  of  his  wife,  a  sufiferer,- 
and  it  is  therefore  but  natural  that  he  does  not  give  so  much  of  his  time  to  the 
active  operation  of  his  large  business  interests,  the  management  of  the  house  of 
H.  Vineberg  &  Company  being  entrusted  largely  to  the  husband  of  his  eldest 
daughter.  Yet  he  is  still  active  and  his  advice  is  highly  valued  and  often  sought 
in  commercial  circles.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and  in  that  con- 
nection has  always  stood  for  things  which  would  promote  progress  and  pros- 
perity in  Montreal.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Canadian  Manufacturers  Association 
and  a  director  of  the  Canadian  Credit  Men's  Association.  Although  he  is 
interested  in  all  movements  that  make  for  efficient  government  of  city,  province 


230  ■  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

and  Dominion,  for  the  highest  type  of  sanitary  system,  the  best  health  conditions, 
the  beautification  of  the  city,  he  has  never  actively  entered  the  political  arena. 

On  October  27i,  1876,  Mr.  \'ineberg  married  Miss  Lily  Goldberg,  daughter  of 
the  late  Rev.  Hyman  Goldberg,  who  far  a  numb.er  of  years  was  assistant  minister 
of  the  Spanish-Portuguese  Synagogue.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Vineberg  became  the 
parents  of  three  daughters:  Libbie,  who  married  Isidor  Cohen,  a  member  of  H. 
Vnieberg  &  Company ;  Eva,  who  married  A.  J.  Hart,  president  and  general  man- 
ager of  the  Hart  Manufacturing  Company;  and  Malca,  who  is  the  w^ife  of  A. 
Z.  Cohen,  a  member  of  the  firm  of  L.  Cohen  &  Sons. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  \'ineberg  have  twelve  grandchildren,  and  it  may  be  mentioned  as 
illustration  of  his  deep  affection  for  his  family  that  the  pictures  of  these  children 
adorn  the  walls  of  his  private  office.  When  deeply  engaged  in  business  thoughts, 
these  children's  faces,  no  doubt,  smile  to  him  encouragement  and  fill  him  with 
satisfaction  in  the  knowledge  that  around  him  are  growing  up  generations  of  his 
own  blood  who  appreciate  and  love  him  for  what  he  is  to  them  and  will  honor 
him  for  what  he  has  done  to  lighten  their  life's  burdens  when  they  will  occupy 
the  stage  of  life's  activities. 


PHILEMON  COUSINEAU,  B.  A.,  LL.  D.,  K.  C,  M.  L.  A. 

As  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Bastien,  Bergeron,  Cousineau,'Lacasse  &  Jasmin, 
Philemon  Cousineau,  K.  C,  occupies  a  foremost  position  among  the  legal  frater- 
nity of  Montreal.  Moreover,  he  has  gained  a  reputation  as  a  legislator  and  is 
considered  today  one  of  the  foremost  authorities  on  constitutional  law  in  the 
province.  He  has  important  commercial  interests,  and  his  career  has  had  in  its 
various  aspects  a  lasting  influence  upon  the  growth  and  development  of  the  city. 
He  was  born  at  St.  Laurent.  Quebec,  on  October  23,  1874.  and  is  a  son  of  Gervais 
and  Angelique  (Grou)  Cousineau. 

Philemon  Cousineau  was  educated  at  Sainte  Therese  College  and  Laval 
University,  from  which  he  graduated  in  1896.  Being  called  to  the  bar,  he  began 
the  active  practice  of  law  in  July  of  that  year  and  has  ever  since  continued  with 
increasing  success.  He  is  professor  of  constitutional  and  municipal  law  at  Laval 
University,  whicli  institution  of  learning  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of 
LL.  D.,  after  he  had  presented  a  thesis  on  Corporations.  He  has  also  been  for 
some  time   king's  covmsel   and   enjoys   a   profitable   and   representative   practice. 

Mr.  Cousineau  is  extensively  interested  in  industrial  and  financial  projects 
which  have  had  to  do  with  the  city's  progress,  among  them  Ijeing  the  Mount 
Ro\'al  Telephone  Company,  of  which  he  was  president,  and  previous  to  its  absorp- 
tion by  the  Canadian  Light  &  Power  Company  he  was  a  director  of  the  Sara- 
guay  J-ight  &  Power  Company.  He  is  also  president  of  the  St.  Lawrence 
Tobacco  Company.  He  w-as  mayor  of  the  town  of  St.  Laurent  from  1904  to 
1908  and  both  as  an  official  and  citizen  has  had  no  little  to  do  with  the  progress 
of  that  flourishing  town. 

In  1897  Mr.  Cousineau  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  1  lehnina  ( lendron, 
and  they  have  four  daughters.  In  politics  Mr.  Cousineau  is  a  conservative  and  in 
1908  was  elected  to  the  legislature  of  the  province  of  Queliec  from  tlie  county 


PHILEMON  COUSINEAU 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  233 

of  Jacques  Carticr  and  reelected  in  1912.  He  is  a  trusted  counselor  of  the  party 
and  has  done  far-reaching  work  on  conupittees  as  well  as  on  the  floor  of  the 
house.  Public-spirited  in  the  most  noble  sense  of  the  word,  he  has  ever  stood 
for  that  which  is  best  for  the  greatest  number.  In  1913  he  was  delegate  of  the 
Canadian  government  to  the  general  meeting  of  the  International  Institute  of 
Agriculture  at  Rome,  Italy. 


EDOUARD  NAPOLEON  HEBERT. 

The  house  of  Hebert  has  been  one  of  the  foremost  families  of  the  Dominion 
since  the  early  dawn  of  Canadian  history.  One  of  the  lirst  Canadian  farmers, 
Louis  Hebert,  arrived  in  Quebec  with  his  family  in  1617.  Tradition  has  it  that 
previously  he  passed  some  time  in  Acadia,  where  he  "was  the  first  to  utilize  the 
salt-water  marshes  of  the  Bay  of  Fundy  by  building  dikes  to  keep  out  the  tides." 
He  continued  to  cultivate  the  soil  at  Quebec  and  on  February  28,  1626,  as  a 
reward  to  him  and  an  encouragement  to  others,  the  Due  de  Ventadour,  viceroy 
of  New  France,  issued  a  patent  granting  Hebert  "in  fief  noble  to  him  and  his 
assigns  forever"  a  seignorial  domain  on  the  River  St.  Charles,  near  Quebec,  and 
confirming  to  him  a  concession  made  by  the  preceding  viceroy,  the  Due  de  Mont- 
morency. It  was  expressly  stated  in  the  deed  that  these  grants  were  made  in  con- 
sideration of  Hebert's  "long  and  painful  labors,  perils  and  expenses,  incessantly 
supported  in  the  discovery  of  the  lands  of  Canada  and  that  he  is  the  head  of  the 
first  family  which  has  settled  and  dwelt  there  since  the  year  1600  till  now  *  *  * 
having  left  his  relations  and  friends  to  go  and  form  this  commencement  of  a  colony 
of  Christian  people  in  those  lands  *  *  *  which  are  deprived  of  the  knowledge 
of  God."  Charles  Lecroix  Hebert,  a  rich  trader  and  the  first  fanner  on  the  island 
of  Montreal,  built  a  residence  in  1655  on  Jean  Baptiste  street,  which  is  still 
standing  and  which  is  shown  in  one  of  the  illustrations  of  this  history.  Hebert, 
named  Lariviere,  was  born  in  1633  and  was  a  companion  in  arms  of  Dollard 
and  present  at  the  massacre  of  Long  Sault  in  May,  1660. 

Edouard  Napoleon  Hebert  was  born  in  Montreal  on  March  10.  1874,  and  is 
a  son  of  J.  Napoleon  Hebert,  who  was  born  January  14,  1850.  His  father,  Louis 
Hebert,  the  grandfather  of  our  subject,  was  born  in  Quebec  in  1810  or  1812 
and  from  that  city  removed  to  Montreal,  while  his  father  was  the  proprietor  of 
the  Boulangerie  du  Roi  (bakery  of  the  king)  at  Quebec.  This  establishment  was 
subsequently  continued  by  one  of  his  sons,  a  brother  of  the  grandfather  of  our 
subject. 

E.  Napoleon  Hebert,  in  the  acc|uirement  of  his  education,  attended  Montcalm 
school  of  this  city  and  subsequently  improved  his  advantages  by  a  commercial 
course.  He  entered  upon  active  business  life  in  connection  with  Hudon  &  Hebert, 
engaged  in  the  grocery  business,  for  whom  he  made  customs  entries  and  acted 
as  assistant  cashier.  He  is  now  treasurer  of  the  "Twelve  Companies"  and  largely 
engaged  in  the  real-estate  luisiness,  being  a  young  man  of  very  great  ability,  pleas- 
ant in  manners  and  of  sound  judgment.  In  two  years  the  "Twelve  Companies" 
with  which  he  is  connected  have  disposed  of  properties  to  the  value  of  eleven 

million  dollars,  which  gives  an  indication  of  the  magnitude  of  their  transactions. 
Vol.  ni— 11 


234  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Mr.  Hebert  is  considered  one  of  the  best  informed  men  as  to  realty  values  here 
and  his  advice  and  judgment  are  often  sought  by  large  investors  and  he  has  in 
many  ways  been  instrumental  in  promoting  the  growth  and  furthering  the  wel- 
fare of  his  city.  He  is  also  interested  in  a  cigar  box  factory  which  gives  employ- 
ment to  eighty  men. 

On  July  7,  1891,  at  ^Montreal,  Mr.  Hebert  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Cecilia  Drolet  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  twelve  children,  four  sons 
and  eight  daughters.  The  eldest  son,  Charles-Edouard,  is  married  and  the  other 
three  are  Armand,  Charles  and  Jean.  The  daughters  are  Gabrielle,  Herminie,. 
Adrienne,  Cecile.  Marie-Therese,  Germaine,  Gilberte  and  Paulette. 

In  his  political  affiliations  Mr.  Hebert  is  a  liberal,  stanchly  upholding  the  prin- 
ciples of  his  party.  He  is  well  known  in  fraternal  orders,  in  most  of  which  he 
has  held  important  offices,  being  connected  with  the  Independent  Order  of  For- 
esters and  the  Canadian  Order  of  Foresters.  He  is  a  member  of  the  L' Alliance 
Nationale,  of  the  Club  Canadien  and  the  Qub  St.  Louis.  His  religious  faith  is 
that  of  the  Catholic  church  and  he  is  prominent  in  the  church  of  the  Immaculate 
Conception,  in  which  for  twenty-five  years  he  has  been  organist.  A  man  of  great 
energy  and  vast  information  as  regards  his  business,  Mr.  Hebert  occupies  a  high 
place  among  the  business  men  of  Montreal  and  can  ever  be  found  in  the  front 
ranks  of  those  who  have  at  heart  the  welfare  of  their  city.  Although  he  has 
never  cared  to  participate  in  official  life,  he  gladly  supports  worthy  public  enter- 
prises and  enjoys  the  high  respect  and  regard  of  all  who  come  in  contact  with  him. 
in  business  or  social  relations.  ' 


CHARLES  SAMUEL  JOHN  PHILLIPS. 

Many  of  the  organized  efl^orts  for  benefiting  the  general  interests  of  society 
have  felt  the  stimulus  of  the  cooperation  and  indorsement  of  Charles  Samuel 
John  Phillips,  whose  position  in  the  business  world  is  that  of  head  of  the  firm  of 
Morton,  Phillips  &  Company,  stationers  and  printers.  He  was  born  in  Quebec 
on  the  13th  of  October,  1844,  and  is  a  son  of  the  late  Thomas  Osmond  Phillips, 
of  Quebec,  and  his  wife,  Agnes  Ritchie  Leslie,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  S.  W.  H.  Leslie, 
of  the  army  medical  department.  He  was  but  a  youth  of  thirteen  when  he 
accomi)anied  his  parents  to  Montreal,  where  he  has  made  his  home  continuously 
since  1857,  being,  therefore,  one  of  the  older  residents  of  the  city  in  years  of 
continuous  connection  therewith. 

It  was  in  Montreal  that  Mr.  Phillips  was  married  in  1873  to  Miss  Jessie 
Amelia  Thomson,  a  daughter  of  the  late  William  A.  Thomson,  and  her  death 
occurred  in  May,  1910. 

With  the  attainment  of  his  majority  Charles  S.  J.  Phillips  entered  business 
life  and  gradually  advanced  to  the  position  of  head  of  the  firm  of  Morton,  Phil- 
lips &  Company,  stationers  and  printers,  which  business  was  established  in  1869. 
His  activities  have  been  exerted  with  energy,  force  and  eiYectiveness  along  other 
lines,  some  of  which  have  been  of  a  semi-public  and  others  of  a  public  character. 
He  was  formerly  president  of  the  Montreal  Citizens  League  and  of  the  Montreal 
Dispensary  and  is  now  a  director  of  the  Citizens  Association.     He  is  likewise  a 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  235 

member  of  the  Business  Men's  League  and  is  a  director  of  the  Mount  Royal 
Cemetery  Company.  He  belongs  to  the  Natural  History  Society  and  is  deeply 
interested  in  the  Boys  Home,  of  which  he  is  honorary  treasurer,  and  the  Boys 
Farm  and  Training  School  at  Shawbridge,  Quebec.  He  has  been  a  student  of 
the  imi)ortant  political,  economic  and  sociological  questions  and  has  investigated 
conditions  which  bear  directly  upon  the  interests  of  society  at  large  in  its  rela- 
tion to  citizenship  and  the  opportunities  which  are  placed  before  the  individual 
for  his  normal  develoimient  and  advancement.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the 
Baptist  church,  and  his  political  belief  that  of  the  conservative  party.  He  is  well 
known  as  a  member  of  the  Montreal  and  Canadian  Clubs.  While  the  winter 
months  are  spent  in  the  city,  he  has  an  attractive  summer  home,  Mes  Delices, 
at  Notre  Dame  du  Portage  on  the  St.  Lawrence. 


ALEXANDER  GEORGE  CAMERON. 

Alexander  George  Cameron  is  one  of  the  younger  representatives  of  the  legal 
profession  in  Montreal.  Since  his  admission  to  the  bar  in  1910  he  has  made  con- 
tinuous progress.  He  was  born  in  Winchester,  Ontario,  May  11,  1884,  a  son  of 
Alexander  and  Louise  (Reddick)  Cameron,  the  former  a  native  of  Inverness, 
Scotland,  while  the  latter  is  of  Canadian  birth. 

In  the  public  schools  of  Winchester  Alexander  G.  Cameron  laid  the  founda- 
tion for  his  education.  He  was  a  student  in  the  Morrisburg  Collegiate  Institute 
and  received  his  law  training  in  McGill  University,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
B.  C.  L.  with  the  class  of  1910.  He  at  once  entered  upon  the  practice  of  law. 
His  name  is  also  well  known  in  the  business  world,  being  a  director  of  several 
comjnercial  enterprises. 

Mr.  Cameron  is  known  in  military  circles,  being  a  captain  in  the  Fifth  Royal 
Highlanders  of  Canada.  His  political  allegiance  is  given  to  the  conservative  party, 
and  he  is  prominent  in  club  circles,  his  membership  being  in  the  Royal  St.  Law- 
rence Yacht  Club,  the  Manitou  Club,  the  Kaniwakee  Golf  Club,  the  Beaconsfield 
Golf  Club,  the  University  Club,  the  Montreal  Club  and  the  Montreal  Art  Asso- 
ciation.   He  is  a  Presbyterian  in  religious  belief. 


GILBERT  SCOTT. 


Gilbert  Scott  was  for  many  years  a  resident  of  Montreal  and  a  witness  of  its 
development  and  progress.  He  came  to  rank  prominently  among  the  representa- 
tives of  commercial  and  financial  interests  and  for  an  extended  period  was  a 
member  of  the  Dow  Brewery  Company  of  this  city.  He  was  born  at  Chagford, 
Devonshire,  England,  April  16,  1820.  In  early  life  he  was  a  clerk  in  a  bank  in 
London  and  came  to  Montreal  in  1845.  In  the  '60s  he  entered  into  partnership- 
with  William  Dow,  a  well  known  Montreal  brewer  and  continued  in  active  con- 
nection with  the  business  until  his  life's  labors  were  ended  on  the  9th  of  June, 
1891,  when  he  was  seventy-one  years  of  age.     The  other  members  of  the  firm 


236  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

at  various  times  were  John  Harris,  A.  C.  Hooper,  J.  Philip  Scott,  son  of  Gilbert 
Scott,  Angus  Hooper  and  Major  George  Hooper.  Capable  management  led  to 
the  continuous  growth  and  success  of  the  business  until  the  year  19 12,  when 
the  Dow  Brewery  became  a  part  of  the  National  Breweries  Company. 

Gilbert  Scott  was  connected  officially  with  many  large  financial  and  com- 
mercial institutions  and  was  well  posted  upon  financial  and  commercial  matters, 
but  his  fund  of  knowledge  went  further  and  made  him  familiar  with  many  other 
questions  and  interests  of  the  day.  He  was  a  director  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal ; 
senior  partner  of  the  Dow  Brewery  Company;  president  of  the  Intercolonial  Min- 
ing Company ;  vice  president  of  the  Shedden  Company ;  a  director  of  the  North 
British  and  Mercantile  Insurance  Company,  and  of  the  Canada  Sugar  Refining 
Company. 

Mr.  Scott  was  married  to  ^liss  Janet  Cooper  of  London,  England,  who  died 
in  1875.  He  was  survived  by  one  son,  James  Philip,  who  was  a  member  of  the 
Dow  Brewery  Company  from  1876  until  his  death,  in  1898,  and  four  daughters. 

^Ir.  Scott  was  a  member  of  St.  Paul's  Lodge  of  Masons  and  was  always 
loyal  to  the  teachings  and  purposes  of  the  craft.  He  had  vivid  recollections  of 
the  important  points  in  the  history  of  Montreal,  from  the  time  when  he  located 
here  in  1845,  until  his  death.  As  a  man,  he  possessed  many  attractive  social 
qualities  and  was  beloved  by  a  large  circle  of  friends. 


JOSEPH  RIELLE. 


In  the  long  years  of  an  active  professional  career  Joseph  Rielle  has  made 
continuous  advancement  until  he  stands  today  not  only  as  a  veteran  civil  engineer 
and  surveyor,  but  also  as  one  of  the  most  capable  representatives  of  his  chosen 
calling  in  Montreal.  Each  year  has  found  him  in  advance  of  the  position  which 
he  occupied  the  previous  year,  because  of  his  developing  powers  and  growing 
ability.  He  was  born  at  Laprairie  on  the  6th  of  October,  1833,  and  received  his 
initial  business  training  with  the  firm  of  Ostell  &  Perrault,  architects  and  land 
surveyors,  whose  service  he  entered  in  1850  when  a  youth  of  seventeen  years. 
He  continued  with  that  firm  for  four  years  and  then  became  assistant  to  Mr. 
John  Page,  chief  engineer  of  public  works.  He  next  accepted  the  position  of 
assistant  engineer  to  the  harbor  commission  and  eventually  entered  upon  the 
general  practice  of  land  surveying  in  Montreal  and  the  surrounding  district. 
He  has  been  connected  with  extensive  surveys  for  the  Grand  Trunk  and  the 
Canadian  Pacific  Railways  and  the  harbor  commissioners  of  Montreal  and  in 
addition  to  his  general  practice  has  made  a  number  of  important  hydraulic  sur- 
veys. In  1904  he  was  presented  with  a  testimonial  by  memljers  of  the  society 
of  land-surveyors  to  mark  the  fiftieth  anniversary  of  his  entry  into  civil  engineer- 
ing and  land  surveying. 

While  this  has  been  his  chief  life  activity,  Mr.  Rielle  has  done  important 
work  in  other  connections.  He  was  formerly  vice  president  of  the  Pontiac  Pa- 
cific Junction  Railway,  and  he  has  done  much  work  of  a  public  and  semi-public 
character,  whereby  the  general  interests  of  the  country  at  large  have  been 
greatly  promoted.     He  was  secretary  and  manager  of  the   Montreal   Turnpike 


JOSEPH  RIELLE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  239 

Trust  for  al)out  fifteen  years.  He  was  a  member  of  the  council  of  Verdun, 
Montreal,  from  1875  until  1900  and  was  intrusted  with  many  important  public 
works.  He  is  a  life  governor  of  the  House  of  Industry  and  Refuge,  also  of 
the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  and  is  president  of  the  Fraser  Institute  and 
Free  Public  Library  of  Montreal.  His  activities  have  been  of  a  nature  that 
have  contributed  largely  to  the  general  (levelo]iment  and  good,  but  he  has 
never  taken  an  active  part  in  politics. 

Mr.  Rielle  married  Miss  Jeannie  T.  Goldie  of  Laprairie,  P.  Q.,  wiio  was 
vice  president  of  the  Montreal  Industrial  Rooms  and  who  died  in  June,  1904. 
Mr.  Rielle  has  his  home  at  No.  90  Union  avenue  and  is  a  member  of  the  St. 
James  Club.  He  has  now  reached  the  advanced  age  of  more  than  eighty  years, 
but  is  still  active  in  his  profession  and  in  spirit  and  interest  seems  yet  a  man  in 
the  prime  of  life. 


JOHN  STUART  BUCHAN. 

No  phase  of  life  affecting  the  political  and  local  status  of  the  province  or  its 
educational  or  moral  development  fails  to  elicit  the  attention  and  interest  of  John 
Stuart  Buchan  and  seldom  fails  to  receive  his  hearty  cooperation  and  support. 
He  is  ever  willing  to  divide  his  time  between  his  profession  and  public  service, 
recognizing  ever  the  duties  as  well  as  the  privileges  of  citizenship  and  the  obliga- 
tions which  devolve  upon  man  in  relation  to  his  fellowmen.  He  is  well  known 
as  a  practitioner  at  the  bar  and  his  reputation  as  a  capable  lawyer  has  been  well 
earned.  He  was  born  at  St.  Andrews,  P.  Q.,  October  28,  1852,  the  only  son  of 
the  late  William  and  Katherine  (Stuart)  Buchan,  of  St.  Andrews.  The  family 
is  descended  from  the  old  earls  of  Buchan.  After  attending  public  schools  of 
his  native  city  John  S.  Buchan  entered  McGill  University  and  won  his  B.  C.  L. 
degree  in  1884.  He  had  determined  to  make  the  practice  of  law  his  life  work, 
and  following  his  graduation  he  became  an  advocate,  since  which  time  he  has  con- 
tinued a  representative  of  the  Montreal  bar.  Here  he  has  worked  his  way  up  to 
leadership  and  in  1899  was  created  a  king's  counsel.  For  almost  a  third  of  a 
century  he  has  been  engaged  in  practice  here,  and  his  ability  has  long  since  placed 
him  in  a  position  of  distinction  among  the  leaders  of  the  legal  profession  in 
Montreal.  At  one  time  he  was  a  member  of  the  editorial  staff  of  the  Canadian 
Jurist,  and  in  1904  he  was  a  royal  commissioner  for  the  revision  of  the  provincial 
statutes.  Thus  important  governmental  problems  in  connection  with  his  profes- 
sion have  elicited  his  deep  interest  and  called  forth  his  abilities. 

In  1885  Mr.  Buchan  was  married  to  Miss  Katherine  McMartin,  the  second 
daughter  of  F.  McMartin,  of  St.  Andrews.  She  died  in  August.  1894,  and  in 
1896  Mr.  Buchan  wedded  Annie,  the  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  J.  H.  Henderson, 
of   Montreal. 

Mr.  Buchan  is  an  attendant  of  Christ's  Church  Cathedral,  while  his  political 
faith  is  that  of  the  liberal  party.  Political  honors  and  emoluments  have  had  no 
attraction  for  him.  His  activities,  however,  along  other  lines  relating  to  the 
welfare  and  progress  of  city  and  province  have  been  resultant.  He  acted  as 
solicitor  of  the  Lord's  Day  Alliance  of  the  province  for  a  time.     He  was  also 


240  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

chosen  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  Boys  Home  in  191 1  and  many  movements 
having  broad  humanitarianism  as  their  basis  have  received  his  indorsement. 
He  is  likewise  the  vice  president  of  the  Natural  History  Society  of  Montreal. 
He  is  not  unknown  in  literary  circles  for  under  the  nom-de-plume  of  Douglas 
Erskine  he  has  published  "A  Bit  of  Atlantis"  and  "Some  Notes  on  Mount 
Royal,"  and  various  other  papers  of  a  scientific  nature.  When  questions  of  public 
welfare  are  at  stake  he  is  never  weighed  in  the  balance  and  found  wanting,  and 
his  support  of  any  project  and  measure  is  not  the  result  of  a  hasty  conclusion. 
On  the  contrary  he  brings  to  all  vital  questions  the  habits  of  the  lawyer,  carefully 
analyzing  and  weighing  the  points  in  a  situation  and  then  giving  his  support 
thereto  as  the  result  of  a  firm  belief  in  the  worth  or  righteousness  of  the  case. 


ARCHIBALD  MURRAY  CASSILS. 

Archibald  Murray  Cassils,  who  as  a  wholsale  leather  merchant  gained  an 
enviable  business  standing,  while  attractive  social  qualities  won  him  many  friends, 
was  but  forty-eight  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  death,  which  occurred  March 
6,  1891.  He  was  born  in  July,  1843,  in  Renton,  Dumbartonshire,  Scotland,  a 
son  of  John  and  Margaret  (Murray)  Cassils.  His  education  was  there  acquired 
and  he  remained  in  his  native  land  until  1856,  when  he  came  to  Montreal  where  a 
brother  was  residing.  For  a  number  of  years  he  was  engaged  in  merchandising 
in  connection  with  the  wholesale  leather  business,  and  made  for  himself  an 
enviable  place  in  commercial  circles,  by  reason  of  his  enterprise,  his  progressive- 
ness  and  his  business  integrity.  Gradually  his  trade  grew  owing  to  his  capable 
control  of  his  interests,  and  success  in  a  stibstantial  measure  rewarded  his  labors. 

In  September,  1873,  in  jNIontreal,  Mr.  Cassils  was  married  to  Miss  Eva  A. 
Shaw,  and  they  became  the  parents  of  three  children :  Marcia  A.,  the  wife 
of  George  P.  Butters;  William  A.,  who  died  in  1906;  and  Angus  Shaw  Cassils. 

Mr.  Cassils  was  a  member  of  the  Masonic  order  and  the  American  Presby- 
terian church  and  his  religious  belief  guided  him  in  all  the  relations  of  life, 
makmg  him  a  man  of  high  principle  and  kindly  spirit,  straightforward  in  action 
and  thoroughly  reliable  in  all  things.  While  more  than  two  decades  have  passed 
since  he  was  called  from  this  life,  he  is  yet  kindly  remembered  by  all  who  knew 
him  owing  to  his  gracious  presence  and  his  sterling  worth. 


GEORGE  CAMPBELL  MacDOUGALL. 

George  Campbell  MacDougall,  recognized  as  one  of  the  ablest  memliers  of  the 
brokerage  profession,  had  not  passed  the  fiftieth  milestone  on  lifes  journey  when 
death  callcil  him.  lie  was  born  June  6,  1843,  in  Ringmore.  Devonshire.  England, 
a  son  of  Major  MacDougall,  who  belonged  to  the  King's  Own  Borders,  and  in 
1857  came  to  Montreal.  His  son,  George  C.  MacDougall,  was  educated  in  the 
schools  of  this  city,  passing  through  consecutive  grades  to  the  high  school  and 
afterward  attending  McGill  University.     Throughout  his  active  business  career 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  241 

he  was  identified  with  financial  interests.  He  became  a  clerk  in  the  IJank  of 
Montreal,  worked  his  way  upward  until  iiis  experience,  combined  with  his  recog- 
nized capabilit)-  led  to  his  assij^nnient  to  a  res])onsible  position  with  the  Xew  York 
city  branch  of  the  Hank  of  Montreal,  lie  remained  in  the  American  metropolis 
for  a  few  years  and  while  in  Xew  York  won  several  jirizes  for  horsemanship  at 
horse  shows  there.  He  afterward  entered  the  Lounsbury  &  Tenshaw  Broker- 
age Company,  acquainted  himself  with  the  brokerage  business  and  returned  to 
Montreal,  where  he  formed  a  partnership  with  his  brother,  Hartland  St.  Clair 
MacDougall,  continuing  in  the  brokerage  business  until  his  death.  The  firm  gained 
an  extensive  clientage  that  made  the  business  one  of  large  volume. 

Mr.  MacDougall  was  married  twice.  He  first  wedded  Miss  C.  J.  Bridges  and 
they  had  one  son,  H.  B.  MacDougall.  In  1887,  in  Montreal.  Mt.  MacDougall  was 
married  to  Miss  Mary  L.  Macdonald,  a  daughter  of  Hon.  Donald  Alexander 
Macdonald,  a  well  known  figure  in  public  life,  serving  as  postmaster  general  in 
the  Mackenzie  administration  at  Ottawa  from  1873  until  1875,  "^^^^  ''■^  lieutenant 
governor  of  Ontario  from  1875  until  1880.  He  married  Catherine,  daughter  of 
Hon.  Alexander  Fraser,  M.  L.  C,  of  Fraserville,  Ontario.  To  George  C.  and 
Mary  L.  (Macdonald)   MacDougall  was  born  a  daughter,  Beatrice. 

Mr.  MacDougall  was  well  known  as  a  sportsman,  was  an  expert  rider  and  was 
the  owner  of  some  fine  horses.  He  was  likewise  a  prominent  member  of  many 
clubs,  including  the  St.  James,  Montreal,  Jockey,  Forest  and  Stream  and  Hunt 
Clubs.  His  death  occurred  March  31,  1892,  and  although  he  was  then  at  the 
comparatively  early  age  of  forty-nine  years,  he  had  achieved  distinction  in  his 
line  of  business  and  as  a  sportsman  had  gained  wide  friendship  among  many  of 
the  most  distinguished  citizens  of  the  province. 


JOSEPH  CHARLES  HECTOR  DUSSAULT. 

Joseph  Charles  Hector  Dussault,  a  graduate  of  Laval  University  and  thus  care- 
fully trained  for  the  profession  to  which  he  has  devoted  his  life,  has  been  actively 
engaged  in  the  practice  of  law  in  Montreal  since  1899.  His  course  has  been 
marked  by  continuous  progress  until  he  has  gained  a  creditable  position  among 
the  forceful,  capable  representatives  of  the  bar.  He  was  bom  at  Sherbrooke. 
Quebec,  on  the  19th  of  November,  1876,  a  son  of  N.  T.  and  Malvina  (Deseve) 
Dussault,  the  former  a  merchant  of  Sherbrooke,  who  was  born  there  more  than 
seventy  years  ago  and  is  still  engaged  in  business  in  that  city.  He  is  well  known 
in  the  eastern  townships  and  is  recognized  as  a  man  of  prominence  in  his  com- 
munity. 

Liberal  educational  opportunities  were  accorded  Joseph  C.  H.  Dussault,  wdio 
pursued  commercial  and  classical  courses  in  the  Seminary  of  Sherbrooke.  Re- 
viewing the  broad  field  of  industrial,  commercial  and  professional  activity,  he 
determined  upon  the  practice  of  law  as  a  life  work  and  in  preparation  therefor 
entered  Laval  University  at  Montreal.  On  the  completion  of  the  regular  law 
course  he  was  graduated  and  in  1899  received  the  degree  of  Master  of  Laws. 
The  same  year  he  was  admitted  to  practice  at  the  bar  of  the  province  of  Quebec 
and  entered  alone  upon  the  active  work  of  the  profession.     Advancement  at  the 


242  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

bar  is  proverbially  slow,  yet  he  had  as  the  basis  of  success  broad  and  thorough 
understanding  of  the  principles  of  jurisprudence  and  gradually  worked  his  way 
upward.  After  three  years  he  formed  a  partnership  with  J.  A.  Mercier  and  in 
January,  1912,  they  were  joined  by  a  third  partner,  P.  L.  Dupuis  under  the 
firm  style  of  Dassault,  Mercier  &  Dupuis.  Mr.  Dussault  has  ever  been  very  care- 
ful in  the  preparation  of  his  cases.  His  mind  is  naturally  analytical,  logical  and 
inductive  and,  therefore,  his  reasoning  is  clear,  his  argument  sound  and  his  deduc- 
tions clear  and  convincing.  He  is  also  identified  with  financial  activities  as  one 
of  the  organizers  and  directors  of  the  Merchants  &  Employers  Guarantee  &  Acci- 
dent Company. 

On  the  1st  of  October,  1906,  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Dussault  was  married  to  Miss 
Alice  Dupuis,  a  daughter  of  J.  O.  Dupuis,  one  of  the  founders  of  Dupuis  Freres 
of  Montreal.  Her  father  is  also  widely  known  in  political  as  well  as  commercial 
circles,  his  opinions  carrying  weight  in  part}'  councils.  He  served  as  alderman  of 
Montreal  and  has  been  active  in  molding  public  thought  and  opinion.  That  con- 
fidence is  reposed  in  his  business  ability  and  integrity  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that 
he  was  one  of  the  liquidators  of  the  defunct  Ville  Marie  Bank.  Unto  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Dussault  have  been  born  three  children,  Jeanne,  Marcelle  and  Jacques.  The 
religious  faith  of  the  family  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  Mr.  Dus- 
sault is  a  conservative  and  strong  protectionist.  His  interest  in  politics  is  not  a 
superficial  one,  and  he  keeps  well  versed  on  the  questions  and  issues  of  the  day, 
yet  political  honors  and  emoluments  have  no  attraction  for  him.  He  finds  recre- 
ation through  his  connection  with  St.  Andrew's  Curling  Club,  of  which  he  is  a 
charter  member.  He  now  has  a  wide  acquaintance  in  his  adopted  city,  where  his 
developing  powers  have  brought  him  professional  success,  while  sterling  traits 
of  manhood  have  gained  him  place  among  the  highly  esteemed  citizens. 


ERNEST  R.  DECARY. 

Ernest  R.  Decary,  senior  member  of  Decary,  Barlow  &  Joron,  one  of  the  fore- 
most firms  of  notaries  in  A-Iontreal,  occupies  a  distinguished  professional  posi- 
tion, viewed  not  only  from  the  extent,  but  as  well  from  the  prominence  of  his 
clientele.  Mr.  Decary  is  a  native  of  Montreal  and  was  born  on  December  g,  1878. 
He  received  an  excellent  education,  graduating  with  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of 
Arts  from  St.  Mary's  Jesuit  College  and  beginning  his  business  career  alone, 
subsequently  joined  with  him  Mr.  Barlow  and  Mr.  Joron,  and  he  has  since  con- 
tinued in  that  relationship.  This  firm  specializes  in  railway  and  bank  work  and 
they  have  come  to  occupy  a  position  second  to  none  in  ]\Iontreal  professional 
circles. 

Mr.  Decary  personally  acts  as  notary  for  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway,  the 
Canadian  Northern  and  the  Dominion  and  Traders  Banks  and  the  Canadian 
Express  Company,  as  well  as  for  many  other  institutions  and  corporations. 

.Mthough  ATr.  Decary  has  never  aspired  to  political  office,  he  is  deeply  inter- 
ested in  the  growth  and  expansion  of  his  city  and  readily  gives  of  his  time  and 
means  in  support  of  worthy  enterprises.     In  politics  he  is  a  liberal.     Pie  is  a 


ERNEST  R.  DECARV 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  245 

member  of  the  Montreal,  Royal  Montreal  Golf,  University,  Royal  St.  Lawrence 
Yacht,  and  I^'ichine  Boating  and  Canoe  Clubs,  and  has  views  upon  business  and 
social  conditions.  Yet  a  comparatively  young  man,  he  occupies  a  position  of 
dignity  in  the  life  of  the  city  to  which  his  ripe  judgment  on  matters  of  a  com- 
mercial or  legal  nature  fully  entitles  him. 


BENJAMIN  NAPOLEON  LADOUCEUR. 

One  of  the  well  known  legal  practitioners  of  Montreal  and  a  notary  public, 
Benjamin  Napoleon  Ladouceur  has  a  clientele  both  representative  and  important. 
He  is  yet  a  young  man,  barely  thirty  years  of  age,  but  has  demonstrated  his 
ability  to  capably  handle  the  most  intricate  legal  problems.  He  was  born  on 
the  15th  of  January,  1883,  at  Ste.  Marie  de  Monnoir,  and  is  a  son  of  Mathias 
and  Azilda  Ste.  Marie  Ladouceur,  both  natives  of  Ste.  Marie  de  Monnoir. 
The  paternal  grandfather  was  Benjamin  Ladouceur,  called  Martin,  his  birth- 
place being  Cote  des  Neiges.  His  wife  was  Celeste  Vient,  a  native  of  Ste.  Marie 
de  Monnoir.  The  grandfather  in  the  maternal  line  was  Jean  Baptiste  Ste.  Marie 
and  his  wife  was  Henriette  Bedard,  also  natives  of  Ste.  Marie  de  Monnoir. 

Benjamin  Napoleon  Ladouceur  was  educated  at  the  College  of  Ste.  Marie 
de  Monnoir  and  took  his  law'  degrees  at  Laval  University  in  July,  1910.  He  has 
since  engaged  in  practice  in  Montreal  and  also  acts  as  notary  public.  No  long 
novitiate  awaited  him  for  he  soon  demonstrated  his  ability  along  legal  lines  and 
now  enjoys  an  important  and  lucrative  practice.  In  his  political  views  he  is  a 
nationalist,  a  party  which  has  for  its  aim  the  amelioration  of  certain  conditions 
of  government  which  make  not  for  the  best  of  the  masses.  In  some  ways  it 
may  be  said  that  it  is  similar  to  the  progressive  movement  in  the  United  States 
and  this  movement  has  largely  for  its  object  a  restricting  influence  upon  political 
malpractices.  Mr.  Ladouceur  also  interests  himself  along  other  public  and  semi- 
public  lines  although  he  has  never  cared  for  official  positions.  He  is  loyal  to  the 
city  of  his  adoption  and  ever  ready  to  give  his  share  of  time  and  money  in  pro- 
moting her  interests. 


WILLIAM  RUTHERFORD. 

The  steps  in  the  orderly  progression  of  William  Rutherford  whereby  he  has 
reached  his  present  advanced  position  in  business  circles  of  Montreal  are  easily 
discernible  and  each  forward  step  has  brought  him  a  broader  outlook  and  wider 
opportunities.  Born  in  Montreal.  April  22,  1864,  he  is  a  son  of  William  and 
Elizabeth  (Jackson)  Rutherford,  both  of  whom  are  of  Scotch  birth,  the  former 
coming  from  Jedburgh,  Roxburghshire,  and  the  latter  from  Biggar,  Lanarkshire. 
They  were  representatives  of  the  excellent  Scotch  type  that  has  done  so  much  for 
Canada  and  its  substantial  upbuilding.  The  father  was  a  member  of  the  first 
council  of  Cote  St.  Antoine.  which  afterward  became  Westmount.     He  was  an 


246  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

enthusiastic  curler  and  greatly  enjoyed  other  outdoor  sports.  His  interests,  how- 
ever, were  largely  concentrated  upon  the  development  and  management  of  im- 
portant business  interests.  He  founded  the  lumber  firm  of  William  Rutherford 
&  Sons  in  1852  and  was  largely  instrumental  in  developing  it  into  one  of  the  most 
extensive  lumber  enterprises  of  Canada. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  William  Rutherford  attended  successively 
the  schools  of  Cote  St.  Antoine,  the  high  school  of  Montreal  and  the  private  school 
conducted  by  Hon.  E.  H.  Springrice.  He  crossed  the  threshold  of  the  business 
world  as  a  junior  clerk  with  Gillespie,  MotTat  &  Company,  general  merchants,  and 
subsequently  became  a  clerk  for  the  Pillow  Hersey  Manufacturing  Company, 
owners  of  rolling  mills,  etc.  Subsequently  he  entered  the  firm  of  William  Ruther- 
ford &  Sons  of  Montreal  and  upon  the  incorporation  of  the  company  became  its 
treasurer.  The  Inisiness  is  today  conducted  under  the  style  of  William  Ruther- 
ford &  Sons  Company,  Ltd.,  dealers  in  and  manufacturers  of  lumber  and  timber. 
The  business  is  now  one  of  mammoth  proportions  and  in  his  ofiicial  capacity  Wil- 
liam Rutherford  of  this  review  is  bending  his  energies  to  administrative  direction 
and  e-xecutive  control.  Into  other  fields  he  has  also  extended  his  efforts  and  his 
business  interests  are  now  of  considerable  volume  and  importance,  jilacing  him 
among  the  prominent  representatives  of  commercial  and  industrial  activity  in  the 
province.  He  is  now  the  president  of  the  Dominion  Box  Company,  Ltd.,  of  the 
Grier  Timber  Company  and  the  Dominion  Park  Realty  Company,  Ltd. 

On  the  i6th  of  May.  1894.  in  ^Montreal.  Mr.  Rutherford  married  ^liss  Ida 
Bulmer,  a  daughter  of  John  pjulmer  and  a  representative  of  a  well  known  ]\Iontreal 
family.  Their  children  are  William  J.,  John  B.,  Jean,  Andrew  S.  and  Marjorie. 
Presbyterians  in  religious  faith,  the  family  hold  membership  in  St.  Andrew's 
church  of  Westmount.  ]\Ir.  Rutherford  is  a  liberal  in  politics,  conversant  with  the 
leading  questions  and  issues  of  the  day.  He  has  filled  a  number  of  local  offices, 
having  been  elected  alderman  of  \\'estmount  in  1908,  while  in  1910  he  was  chosen 
mayor  of  the  city.  In  1913  he  was  made  school  commissioner  of  the  city  and  in 
1912-13  was  a  member  of  the  executive  committee  of  the  Canadian  Manufactur- 
ers Association.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  committee  of  St.  Andrew's  Society, 
while  along  more  strictly  social  lines  his  membership  is  in  the  Canada.  Engineers, 
Manitou  and  North  Lake  Fish  and  Game  Clubs.  His  success  permits  him  that 
leisure  which  enables  him  to  enjov  fishing,  hunting  and  other  outdoor  and  indoor 
sports,  but  he  is  preeminently  a  business  man  and  one  whose  successful  methods 
might  be  studied  by  all  who  wish  to  gain  prosperity  within  the  legitimate  lines  of 
business. 


CARL  ROSENBERG. 

Among  the  mercantile  houses  of  Montreal  the  British  ^^merican  Import  Com- 
pany occupies  a  place  of  prominence  and  importance.  Under  this  firm  style  Carl 
Rosenberg  is  connected  with  Canadian  trade  interests.  ]\Ir.  Rosenberg  was  born 
in  Kishenev,  Russia,  on  the  15th  of  Julv,  1870,  a  son  of  Wolf  and  Bessie  (  Dachis) 
Rosenberg,  both  now  residents  of  Montreal.  The  former  has  now  retired  from 
active  business  life. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  247 

Carl  Rosenberg  was  one  of  those  who  did  not  tind  the  op])ortunities  which 
he  soufjlit  in  his  native  country  and,  seeking  the  benefits  of  British  freedom, 
selected  the  Dominion  of  Canada  for  his  field  of  operation  and  came  to  Montreal 
twenty-five  years  ago,  or  in  1889,  when  a  young  man  of  about  nineteen  years. 
After  his  arrival  he  went  into  partnership  widi  a  cousin,  who  had  preceded  him 
to  the  Dominion  and  who  was  engaged  in  the  importing  and  dry-goods  jobbing 
business.  The  name  of  the  firm  was  Shiller  &  Rosenberg  and  they  continued 
for  two  years,  when  the  partnership  was  dissolved  and  Mr.  Rosenberg  became 
the  leading  factor  in  the  establishment  of  the  British  American  Import  Company, 
who  opened  their  place  of  business  on  St.  Paul  street,  Montreal.  His  ability  as  a 
merchant,  his  ready  understanding  of  local  market  conditions  and  his  indefatigable 
energy  led  to  such  growth  of  business  that  in  1909  the  firm  was  enabled  to  put 
up  a  large  building  of  their  own  at  516  St.  Lawrence  boulevard,  into  which  they 
moved  in  1910.  The  British  American  Import  Company  occupies  a  leading  place 
in  its  line  in  Montreal  and  their  reputation  is  of  the  highest.  Its  success  is  largely 
due  to  the  executive  ability  of  Mr.  Rosenberg,  its  founder. 

In  1888,  when  but  eighteen  years  of  age,  Mr.  Rosenberg,  while  yet  in  Europe, 
was  married  to  Miss  Clara  Sperling  and  to  them  were  born  the  following  children  : 
Hannah,  who  married  Dr.  Tannenbaum ;  Sarah,  now  Mrs.  Aronson ;  and  Madge, 
Rose,  Sadie,  David  and  Moses. 

Mr.  Rosenberg  is  a  liberal  and,  adhering  to  the  faith  of  his  fathers,  he  was 
during  1910-11  a  director  of  the  Baron  de  Hirsch  Institute,  but  his  fast  expanding 
business  interests  forced  him  to  rclin(|uish  this  position.  He  is  a  justice  of  the 
peace ;  vice  president  of  the  Herzl  Dispensary ;  a  founder  and  an  ex-president  of 
the  Jewish  Eagle  Publishing  Company,  holding  the  latter  office  for  five  years ;  and 
a  member  of  Ionic  Lodge,  No.  54,  of  the  Masonic  order.  He  is  a  shrewd  and 
able  business  man  and  his  name  and  that  of  his  firm  stand  for  successful  accomp- 
lishment in  the  trade  annals  of  the  city. 


REV.  ALLAN  PEARSON  SHATFORD. 

Rev.  Allan  Pearson  Shatford,  known  in  Montreal  and  throughout  the  province 
of  Quebec  as  a  forceful  and  eloquent  preacher,  holding  a  high  position  in  Masonic 
circles  as  grand  chaplain  of  the  grand  lodge  of  Quebec  and  known  in  this  city  as 
most  earnest,  zealous  and  consecrated  in  his  work  as  rector  of  the  Church  of 
St.  James  the  Apostle,  was  born  at  St.  Margaret's  Bay,  Nova  Scotia,  and  is  a  son 
of  the  late  James  E.  Shatford,  a  resident  of  Indian  Harbor. 

Rev.  Allan  P.  Shatford  acquired  his  education  in  King's  College  in  his  native 
province,  from  wdiich  he  was  graduated  B.  A.  with  first  class  honors  in  English 
literature  in  1895  and  M.  A.  in  1898.  In  the  former  year  he  was  made  curate  of 
the  Anglican  church  at  Bridgewater,  Xova  Scotia,  and  served  in  that  capacity  until 
1900,  during  which  time  he  was  ordained  deacon  in  1896  and  priest  in  1897.  He 
was  transferred  from  Bridgewater  to  North  Sydney,  Nova  Scotia,  wdiere  he  re- 
mained as  rector  until  1906,  moving  in  that  year  to  ^Montreal,  where  he  became 
assistant  rector  of  the  parish  of  St.  James  the  Apostle.  He  was  promoted  to  the 
position  of  rector  in  January,  1012,  and  still  holds  this  position  which  is  an  ini- 


248  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

portant  and  responsible  one,  for  the  parish  is  one  of  the  oldest  and  largest  in 
Montreal.  It  was  founded  in  1864  by  Canon  Elligood  and  the  first  church  was 
built  by  Mrs.  Phillips  on  land  donated  by  her.  Canon  Elligood  continued  as  rector 
from  1864  to  191 1,  dying  in  December  of  that  year  at  the  advanced  age  of  eighty- 
seven.  He  was  succeeded  by  Rev.  Allan  P.  Shatford,  the  present  incumbent,  who 
is  ably  carrying  forward  his  predecessor's  work,  giving  his  time,  attention  and 
unusual  talents  to  the  promotion  of  the  interests  of  the  parish  and  the  sjjread  of  the 
doctrines  in  which  he  believes.  There  are  about  four  hundred  and  fifty  families 
in  the  congregation,  and  the  church  property  is  valued  at  seven  hundred  and  fifty 
thousand  dollars.  Its  administration  calls  for  farsighted  and  capable  work  and 
^Ir.  Shatford  has  proved  equal  to  the  trust  reposed  in  him,  aiding  the  trustees  in 
every  possible  way  and  proving  his  possession  of  unusual  administrative  ability 
and  organizing  power.  The  church  has  had  some  of  the  most  famous  ministers 
in  Canada  connected  with  its  affairs  at  different  times,  Bishop  Dumlin,  of  the 
diocese  of  Niagara,  having  been  at  one  time  assistant,  as  were  also  Bishop  Duver- 
net,  of  Caledonia,  and  Dean  Abbott,  of  Niagara.  The  aft'airs  of  the  congregation 
are  in  a  most  flourishing  and  prosperous  condition,  and  the  people  of  the  parish  find 
in  Mr.  Shatford  a  minister  well  suited  to  their  needs,  a  man  sincere  and  high- 
minded  in  his  aims,  of  scholarly  attainments  and  well  directed  ability.  His 
sermons  show  great  force  and  power,  and  his  lectures  have  gained  him  wide 
recognition,  winning  him  mention  by  the  Montreal  Gazette  as  "an  accomplished 
extempore  speaker  and  a  preacher  of  great  power." 

Mr.  Shatford  is  well  known  in  ^lasonic  circles,  exemplffying  in  his  life  the 
beneficent  teachings  of  that  order.  He  was  grand  chaplain  of  the  grand  lodge 
of  Freemasons  for  Nova  Scotia  from  1903  to  1906  and  since  that  time  has  been 
grand  chaplain  of  the  grand  lodge  of  Quebec  province.  He  was  a  delegate  to 
the  Pan-Anglican  Congress  held  in  London  in  1908 ;  a  delegate  to  the  general 
synod  and  to  the  church  congress  held  in  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  in  1910,  speak- 
ing there  in  a  forceful  and  telling  way  tipon  parochial  problems.  "Today,"  in  his 
opinion,  "it  is  Canada  for  the  world,  and  we  think  of  England  as  the  center  of 
an  empire  which  tends  to  the  solidarity  of  the  human  race  and  the  universal 
brotherhood  of  man." 


VICTOR  .MORIX,  LL.  D. 

\"ictor  Morin,  prominent  in  connection  with  the  legal  jirofession  as  a  prac- 
titioner and  as  professor  of  administrative  law  and  doctor  of  laws  in  Laval 
University,  is  now  at  the  head  of  the  firm  of  Morin  &  Mackay,  notaries  of 
Montreal.  His  name  is  also  well  known  in  literary  circles  and  his  activities  and  his 
writings  have  had  a  far-reaching  and  beneficial  effect  upon  puljlic  interests.  Born 
at  St.  Ilyacinthe,  Quebec,  on  the  15th  of  .Vugust,  1865,  he  is  a  son  of  Jean  Ba])- 
li.ste  Morin  and  Aurelie  (Cote)  Morin.  hi  the  acquirement  of  liis  education  he 
attended  successively  Girouard  .'\cademy,  the  St.  Hyacinthe  College,  from  which 
he  was  graduated  B.  A.  in  1884,  and  Laval  University,  whicli  conferred  upon 
him  the  LL.  B.  degree  in  1888  ;ui(l  llial  of  LL.  1).  in  i(;io.  lie  studied  law  in 
the  office  of  Pa])ineau,  Morin  &  Mackay  and  was  admitted  to  the  jir.'ictice  of 


VICTOR  MORIN 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  251 

the  notarial  profession  in  1888.  For  a  Ijrief  period  thereafter  he  was  a  resi- 
dent of  Acton  Vale,  Quebec,  but  in  i8<jo  returned  to  Montreal  and  is  now 
senior  member  in  the  firm  of  Alorin  &  Mackay.  He  is  also  custodian  of  the 
archives  of  his  late  partners,  1).  \i.  I'apineau,  C.  F.  Papineau,  Durand  and 
Morin,  whose  office  was  established  in  1841.  Aside  from  his  business  he  has 
occupied  many  positions  of  imi)ortance  and  of  public  trust.  While  a  resident 
of  the  town  of  Acton  Vale  he  was  secretary-treasurer  of  the  town  from  1888 
until  1890.  He  has  been  treasurer  of  the  board  of  notaries  of  the  province  of 
Quebec  since  1897  and  he  has  various  important  business  connections.  He  was 
president  of  the  Imperial  Electric  Light  Company  from  1899  until  1901,  became 
secretary  of  the  Montreal  Real-Estate  Association  in  1904  and  is  now  its 
president.  He  is  likewise  president  of  the  Credit  Metropolitain,  of  the  Caisse 
Hypothecaire,  of  the  Montreal  Debenture  Corporation,  of  the  Recollet  Land 
Company,  and  of  the  Federal  Real-Estate  &  Trust  Company ;  vice  president  of 
the  Security  Life  Insurance  Company,  and  a  director  of  the  Provincial  Life 
and  of  the  Provincial  Fire  Insurance  Companies.  From  1897  to  1910,  he  was 
notary  to  the  corporation  of  the  city  of  Montreal  and  resigned  this  jxisition  in 
order  to  run  for  aldermanic  honors.  His  high  standing  in  his  chosen  profes- 
sion is  indicated  by  the  fact  that  he  has  been  made  professor  of  administrative 
law  in  Laval  University  and  is  regarded  as  one  of  the  prominent  law  educators 
of  the  country.  His  public-spirited  citizenship  finds  expression  in  active  sup- 
port of  many  measures  and  movements  for  the  pubhc  good  and  his  cooperation 
can  always  be  counted  upon  when  the  welfare  of  city,  province  or  country 
is  at  stake.  He  has  taken  great  interest  for  many  years  past  in  social  questions, 
and  is  vice  president  general  of  the  St.  Jean  Baptiste  Society,  the  national  asso- 
ciation of  French-Canadians.  He  was  a  director  of  Montreal  Citizens  Asso- 
ciation from  1908  until  1910  and  his  position  upon  the  temperance  question  is 
indicated  by  the  fact  that  he  is  now  the  general  secretary  of  the  Montreal  Anti- 
Alcoholic  League. 

Prominent  in  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters,  Mr.  Morin  was  its 
supreme  vice  chief  ranger  from  1898  to  1902,  and  has  been  its  past  supreme 
chief  ranger  since  1905;  in  1895-6  he  edited  and  published  a  paper  in  the  inter- 
ests of  that  fraternity  called  Le  Forestier.  Since  1890  he  has  delivered  many 
lectures  to  fraternal  societies  and  no  man  is  better  qualified  to  speak  on  the 
beneficent  basic  principles  of  the  organization. 

His  authorship  has  made  Mr.  Morin  equally  widely  known.  He  was  actively 
interested  in  the  literary  work  of  the  Cercle  Ville  Marie  as  its  secretary  from 
1886  until  1888.  He  is  the  author  of  Vingt  Ans  Apres,  the  second  edition  of 
which  was  brought  forth  in  1909.  He  is  silver  medalist  of  the  Ligue  Nationale 
de  la  Prevoyance  et  de  la  Mutualite,  of  Paris,  France,  and  honorary  vice  presi- 
dent of  the  Antiquarian  and  Numismatic  Society  of  Montreal.  His  active  inter- 
est in  aflfairs  of  vital  importance  to  the  city  has  been  manifest  in  his  capable 
jniblic  service  as  alderman  of  Montreal,  to  which  position  he  was  elected  in  1910. 
His  political  support  is  given  to  the  liberal  party  and  his  religious  faith  is  that 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.  He  is  prominent  in  club  circles,  is  a  member  of 
the  St.  Denis  and  Reform  Clubs,  and  is  secretary  of  the  Maison  des  Etudiants. 
His  library,  which  is  extensive  and  well  selected,  furnishes  him  his  chief  source  of 
recreation  and  interest. 


252  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Air.  Alorin  was  married  in  1893  at  Biddeford,  Maine,  to  Miss  Fannie,  daugh- 
ter of  the  Hon.  D.  Cote.  In  1896  he  wedded  Alphonsine,  daughter  of  Victor 
Cote,  of  St.  Hyacinthe.  They  reside  at  No.  703  St.  Urbain  street  with  their 
eleven  children,  and  spend  their  summer  months  in  their  attractive  villa  on  the 
slope  of  Mount  St.  Brtmo.  His  life  has  been  so  varied  in  its  activities  and 
so  honorable  in  its  purposes  as  to  leave  an  indelible  impress  for  good  upon  the 
communitv  and  through  his  professional,  business  and  fraternal  connections  Air. 
Morin  has  come  to  be  recojrnized  as  one  of  the  leading  residents  of  Montreal. 


HUBERT  ADOLPHE  ELZEAR  GRANDBOIS. 

Hubert  Adolphe  Elzear  Grandbois,  who  since  October,  191 1,  has  been  con- 
nected with  the  notarial  profession  in  Montreal,  was  born  in  St.  Casimir,  Port 
neuf  district,  in  the  province  of  Quebec,  on  the  15th  of  January,  1876,  a  son  of 
Michel  Adolphe  and  Marie  Auree  (Charest)  Grandbois,  the  former  a  dealer 
in  wood.  The  son  pursued  his  classical  education  in  the  Seminary  of  Nicolet, 
from  which  he  was  graduated  in  1895.  He  afterward  entered  upon  the  study  of 
law  in  Laval  University  at  Quebec,  which  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of 
Bachelor  of  Laws,  in  June,  1898.  On  the  completion  of  his  studies  he  was 
admitted  to  practice  as  a  notary  in  the  following  September  and  located  at  St. 
Casimir,  where  he  remained  in  active  practice  from  September,, 1898,  until  Octo- 
ber, 191 1.  He  then  came  to  Montreal,  where  he  has  since  remained  and  has 
attained  high  standing  among  the  representatives  of  the  profession  owing  to 
broad  and  accurate  knowledge,  close  application  and  fidelity  to  the  interests  of  his 
clients. 

Mr.  Grandbois  was  married  in  the  city  of  his  nativity  on  the  7t]i  of  January, 
1899,  to  Miss  Marie  Laetitia  Belisle,  a  daughter  of  Octave  Germain  and  Mar- 
guerite (Daly)  Belisle.  The  children  of  this  marriage  are  Marie  Marguerite  and 
Marie  Laurette  Grandbois.  The  religious  faith  of  the  family  is  that  of  the 
Catholic  church,  and  Mr.  Grandbois  has  membership  with  the  Chevaliers  de 
Colomb. 


JOHN  EDGAR. 


The  late  John  Edgar,  who  for  many  years  was  connected  with  the  fur  industry 
in  Montreal,  was  born  in  Woodstock,  Ontario,  March  12,  1843.  During  his  boy- 
hood the  family  removed  to  Hamilton,  Ontario,  where  his  school  days  were 
passed.  He  began  his  business  career  in  the  provision  trade  with  Folingsby  & 
Williamson  ir.  Hamilton  and  later  came  to  Montreal  as  representative  of  that  firm. 
Soon  after  his  arrival  in  this  city,  or  in  1866,  he  entered  the  firm  of  Greene  & 
Sons  Company,  wholesale  furriers,  in  which  connection  he  worked  his  way 
upward,  eventually  becoming  a  partner  in  the  business.  About  the  year  1895, 
when  Greene  &  Sons  Company  retired,  Mr.  Edgar  succeeded  to  the  business 
which  he  continued   for  some  years  under  the  firm  name  of  Edgar,   Syvift  & 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  253 

Company.  W'licn  Mr.  Swift  retired  Mr.  Edgar  formed  a  partnership  with  Mr. 
Charles  Coristine  under  the  firm  name  of  Edgar,  Coristine  &  Company,  which 
relation  was  maintained  for  four  years,  after  which  Mr.  Edgar  continued 
the  business  alone  until  191 2,  when  he  retired.  He  was  one  of  the  prominent 
furriers  of  the  city,  developing  and  building  up  a  business  of  extensive  propor- 
tions, and  in  commercial  affairs  his  judgment  was  sound,  his  enterprise  keen 
and  his  diligence  unfaltering. 

In  Montreal  Mr.  PZdgar  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Selina  Kidner  and 
unto  them  were  born  five  children,  three  sons  and  two  daughters :  John  Hamilton, 
who  is  connected  with  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway;  Frank  Clifton,  connected 
with  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada  at  Montreal ;  William  Dewar,  of  the  custom 
house  of  Montreal;  Katie  Selina;  and  Lillian  Maud.  The  death  of  the  husband 
and  father  occurred  September  12,  1913,  and  was  the  occasion  of  deep  regret 
to  many  with  whom  he  had  been  closely  associated  in  business  and  social  circles. 
In  politics  he  was  a  conservative  but  without  aspiration  for  public  office.  He 
belonged  to  the  Royal  Albert  Lodge  of  Alasons  and  was  a  faithful  member  of  the 
Church  of  St.  James  the  Apostle.  In  those  connections  are  indicated  the  prin- 
ciples which  governed  his  life  and  guided  him  in  all  of  his  relations. 


CAMILLE  TESSIER. 


Camille  Tessier,  a  young  man  possessed  of  laudable  ambition  and  determina- 
tion, is  making  continuous  progress  in  the  field  of  his  chosen  profession — that 
of  the  practice  of  law.  He  was  born  at  Berthierville,  Quebec,  July  26.  1887,  a  son 
of  Dominique  and  Odile  (Des  Rosiers)  Tessier,  the  former  a  merchant  at  Berth- 
ierville. He  is  descended  from  French  ancestors  who  landed  here  with  the- 
pioneers  of  the  country.  Like  the  greater  part  of  Canada's  first  inhabitants, 
they  were  farmers  and  spent  their  whole  lives  in  cultivating  the  lands  which 
they  had  first  courageously  conquered  from  the  wilderness  and  from  the  forest 
on  the  north  side  of  the  St.  Lawrence  river,  thus  contrilnitiiig  in  large  measure 
to  the  actual  prosperity  of  the  country'. 

Camille  Tessier  was  accorded  liberal  educational  opportunities,  which  he 
improved,  thus  laying  a  broad  foundation  for  his  later  success.  He  pursued  a 
course  in  the  commercial  college  of  Berthierville,  was  a  student  in  the  Seminary 
of  Joliette,  attended  St.  Mary's  College  at  Montreal,  Laval  Cniversity  at  Mon- 
treal, in  which  he  pursued  his  classical  and  professional  courses,  winning  the 
Bachelor  of  Arts  and  Bachelor  of  Laws  degrees.  He  subsequently  attended  East- 
man's Business  College  of  Poughkeepsie,  New  York.  As  advocate,  barrister  and 
solicitor  he  is  making  for  himself  a  creditable  position  in  professional  ranks. 
He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Montreal  bar  since  the  7th  of  July,  1910,  and  the 
thoroughness  and  care  with  which  he  prepares  his  cases  and  the  logic  of  his 
deductions  have  gained  him  rank  among  those  who  are  winning  success  in  the 
difficult  and  arduous  profession  to  which  he  devotes  his  energies.  He  makes  a 
specialty  of  commercial  law  and  is  a  member  of  the  Commercial  Law  Leag^je 
of  America.  He  is  working  his  way  to  success  vigorously  but  (]uietly  and 
honestly.    Mr.  Tessier  is  a  member  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church.    He  was  mar- 


254  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ried  in  Montreal,  on  the  28th  of  January,  1913,  to  Edmee  Paquette,  and  they 
have  one  child,  Jean  Marcel,  born  in  Outremont  on  the  28th  of  October,  1913. 
His  courage  and  a  laudable  ambition  of  living  a  life  of  usefulness  to  his  family 
and  to  his  country  have  brought  Mr.  Tessier  the  high  regard  of  associates  and 
all  who  know  aught  of  his  career. 


CHARLES    GIDEON    HILL. 

The  life  record  of  Charles  Gideon  Hill  constitutes  an  illustration  of  what  the 
new  world  has  to  offer  to  ambitious  young  men.  Coming  to  Canada  as  an  orphan 
boy,  he  steadily  worked  his  way  upward,  each  forward  step  bringing  him  a  broader 
outlook  and  wider  opjjortunities.  He  became  in  time  a  successful  merchant  of 
Montreal  and  in  later  years  devoted  his  time  to  the  supervision  of  his  invested 
interests,  which  included  large  property  holdings  and  stock  in  many  financial  and 
commercial  enterprises.  He  was  seventy-six  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his 
death,  which  occurred  on  the  12th  of  June,  1893,  at  the  old  home  at  Xo.  247 
Bleury  street,  where  he  had  lived  for  more  than  half  a  century.  He  was  born 
in  England,  but  lost  his  father  and  mother  when  quite  young,,  after  which  he 
crossed  the  Atlantic  and  for  a  time  resided  in  New  York.  He  afterward  came 
to  Montreal  and  gradually  he  worked  his  way  upward  in  a  business  way,  realizing 
at  the  outset  of  his  career,  that  industry  and  honesty  constitute  the  foundation 
upon  which  success  is  built.  In  time  he  was  the  proprietor  of  a  small  dry-goods 
establishment  on  St.  Paul  street  and  conducted  it  successfully  for  many  years, 
but  about  1870,  retired  from  commercial  circles  in  order  to  supervise  his  large 
estate  which  also  included  the  estate  of  William  Gait.  From  time  to  time  he 
became  interested  in  business  enterprises,  holding  stock  in  many  leading  financial 
and  commercial  concerns.  His  judgment  was  sound,  his  sagacity  keen  and  in  the 
control  of  important  interests  he  established  his  position  as  one  of  the  leading 
and  capable  business  men  of  the  city. 

On  the  19th  of  August,  1840,  Mr.  Hill  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Margaret  J.  Gait,  a  daughter  of  \\'illiam  Gait,  who  for  many  years  was  one  of  the 
leading  citizens  of  Montreal.  He  engaged  in  the  tanning  business  near  Glasgow, 
Quebec,  and  amassed  a  very  considerable  fortune.  Following  his  death,  Mr.  Hill 
retired  from  commercial  interests  to  supervise  the  Gait  estate.  To  Mr.  and 
Airs.  Hill  were  born  eleven  children,  eight  of  whom  reached  adult  age.  These 
children  were :  William  Gait,  deceased ;  Charles  G.,  who  also  has  passed  away ; 
Margaret  Ewing,  the  widow  of  G.  M.  Patterson,  residing  in  Cleveland,  Ohio; 
Robert  Ewing,  deceased ;  .Vdelaide,  who  married  Samuel  P.  Wigg  and  resides 
in  Lakefield,  Ontario;  Lewis  E.,  deceased;  Helena  Augusta,  residing  in  Montreal; 
Jean  Elizabeth,  now  Mrs.  E.  A.  Hilton ;  Peter  Alexander ;  Emma  Louise,  who 
married  Albert  A.  Adams  and  is  deceased  ;  and  Dr.  .\doIphus  James  Hill,  deceased. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hill  devoted  the  greatest  care  to  rearing  their  large  family  and 
bestowed  upon  the  children  their  tenderest  !n\c.  Those  who  grew  to  adult's 
estate  were  an  honor  to  the  family  name  and  in  full  measure  rejiaid  the  care 
of  the  parents,  wiiom  they  ever  held  in  reverent  memory.  It  is  due  to  the  kind 
cooperation  of  Miss  Helena  A.  Hill, — and  to  her  the  publishers  are  indebted, — 


CHARLES  G.  HILL 


MRS.  CHARLES  G.  HILL 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  259 

that  they  arc  able  to  present   herewith   the  excellent   steel   etching's   portraying 
her  parents. 

Mr.  Hill  attended  services  and  held  a  \>cw  in  the  First  Baptist  church  and 
also  in  the  Church  of  England,  in  the  Cathedral.  His  membership  was  in  the 
latter  and  his  wife,  who  died  in  1882,  was  a  member  of  the  former.  Both  were 
greatly  esteemed  and  an  extensive  circle  of  friends  indicated  their  worth  and  the 
high  regard  in  which  they  were  held. 


WALDO  W.  SKINNER. 

Waldo  \V.  Skinner,  practicing  at  the  Montreal  bar  as  a  member  of  the  firm 
of  Smith,  Markey,  Skinner,  Pugsley  &  Hyde,  was  born  at  St.  John,  New  Bruns- 
wick, a  son  of  the  late  Hon.  C.  M.  Skinner,  K.  C.  His  youthful  days  were 
largely  devoted  to  the  acquirement  of  an  education  in  the  schools  of  his  native 
city  and  at  Upper  Canada  College,  Toronto,  and  having  determined  upon  the 
practice  of  law  as  his  life  work,  he  entered  McGill  University  in  preparation  for 
the  bar,  and  was  graduated  B.  C.  L.  in  1901.  In  1913  Mr.  Skinner  was  created 
a  king's  counsel.  The  year  following  his'  graduation  he  entered  upon  the  active 
work  of  his  profession  and  his  course  has  been  marked  by  continuous  progress. 
He  is  now  associated  with  one  of  the  leading  law  firms  of  the  city,  Smith,  Markey, 
Skinner,  Pugsley  &  Hyde,  and  is  actively  interested  in  much  important  litigation, 
in  connection  with  which  he  is  retained  as  counsel  for  the  defense  or  prosecution. 
From  the  outset  of  his  career  he  has  recognized  the  fact  that  careful  preparation 
is  one  of  the  indispensable  elements  of  success,  so  that  thorough  work  precedes 
his  presentation  of  his  cause  in  the  courtroom.  His  reasoning  is  clear  and  cogent 
and  his  arguments  strong  and  forceful. 

In  June,  1907,  was  celebrated  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Skinner  and  Miss  Loulou 
Forget,  the  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Hon.  L.  J.  Forget,  senator.  Mr.  Skinner  in 
his  social  relations  is  well  known,  being  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  St.  James 
and  Montreal  Clubs,  while  his  interest  in  sports  is  further  indicated  in  his  mem- 
bership in  the  Montreal  Racquet  and  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Clubs.  Attractive  social 
qualities  render  him  popular  in  those  organizations,  in  which  he  has  gained  many 
friends. 


THOMAS  ROBB. 


Organization  is  the  watchword  of  the  age.  Promotion  in  every  field  of 
endeavor  is  brought  about  through  the  agency  of  organized  effort  and  cooperation, 
and  thorough  study  of  each  situation  constitutes  the  basis  of  effort  in  this  direc- 
tion. This  spirit  and  tendency  of  the  age  has  led  to  the  formation  of  many 
companies  or  societies  for  the  benefit  of  business  interests  and  it  is  in  this  con- 
nection that  Thomas  Robb  is  known,  being  manager  and  secretary  of  the  Shipping 
Federation  of  Canada.  A  native  of  Scotland,  he  was  born  in  the  city  of  Glasgow 
in  the  year  1863,  his  father  being  the  late  Thomas  Robb,  who  for  some  years 


260  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

was  superintendent  of  police  in  Glasgow.  Spending  his  youthful  days  in  that 
city,  the  son  pursued  his  education  in  the  public  schools  and  in  the  Glasgow 
Academy.  Mr.  Robb  came  to  Canada  lirst  in  1883  and  spent  one  year  at  farming 
in  the  Niagara  district.  Returning  to  England  he  became  identified  with  the 
shipping  interests  and  in  comiection  therewith  was  located  at  different  periods  in 
Australia,  South  Africa  and  New  Zealand.  He  returned  to  Canada  in  1902  and 
upon  the  organization  of  the  Shipping  Federation  of  Canada,  which  is  incorpor- 
ated by  act  of  the  Dominion  parliament,  he  was  chosen  manager  and  secretary. 
He  still  continues  in  the  dual  position,  his  efforts  being  of  marked  value  to  the 
organization  in  promoting  its  object  and  accomplishing  its  purpose  as  he  is  actively 
engaged  in  all  matters  relating  to  navigation  and  shipping.  In  1913  Air.  Robb 
was  appointed  member  of  the  royal  commission  appointed  to  inquire  into  and 
report  upon  the  "Law  Respecting  Pilotage"  and  its  administration  in  the  pilot- 
age district  of  Montreal  and  Quebec. 

In  1891  Mr.  Robb  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Elizabeth  ]\IcLaren,  a 
daughter  of  Andrew  McLaren.  Their  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Presby- 
terian church  and  Mr.  Robb  belongs  to  St.  Andrew's  Society.  He  is  a  justice  of 
the  peace  for  Alontreal  and  district.  He  is  likewise  a  member  of  the  Engineers 
Club  and  of  the  Canadian  Club  and  has  gained  the  warm  friendship  of  many  in 
both  orsfanizations. 


HON.  JOHN  JOSEPH  CURRAN. 

Hon.  John  Joseph  Curran,  barrister,  jurist  and  orator,  whose  life  record  was 
an  honor  to  the  land  of  his  ancestors  and  to  the  land  of  his  birth  was  born  in 
Montreal,  February  22,  1842,  his  parents  being  Charles  and  Sarah  (Kennedy) 
Curran,  both  natives  of  Ireland,  the  former  born  in  County  Down  and  the  latter 
in  County  We.xford.  Emigrating  to  the  new  world  they  retained  the  intense  love 
of  native  land,  so  characteristic  of  the  Irish  race  and  instilled  the  same  deep 
attachment  into  their  son,  who  with  his  increasing  age  and  powers  gave  freely 
of  his  time  and  talents  for  the  benefit  of  Erin's  green  isle. 

In  the  pursuit  of  his  education  Judge  Curran  attended  a  Jesuit  school  and 
St.  Mary's  College  at  Montreal,  where  he  entered  upon  a  classical  course.  He 
afterward  became  a  student  in  St.  Joseph's  College  at  Ottawa  and  in  1891  the 
University  of  Ottawa  conferred  upon  him  the  l.L.  D.  degree.  In  the  con- 
tinuance of  his  education,  he  entered  McGill  University  as  a  student  in  the  law 
department  and  won  his  D.  C.  L.  degree  in  1862.  It  was  in  the  spring  of  1859 
thai  he  began  preparation  for  the  Ijar,  reading  at  times  under  the  direction  of 
such  distinguislied  lawyers  as  liernard  Devlin,  Hon.  T.  J.  J.  Loranger  and 
Andrew  Robertson,  K.  C.  While  pursuing  his  classical  courses  lie  cultixated  a 
taste  for  literature  and  oratory  and  in  his  student  days  developed  the  natural 
gifts  that  in  course  of  time  made  him  one  of  the  foremost  Canadian  orators.  . 
It  was  also  in  his  early  manhood  that  he  joined  the  Irish  national  movement  and 
thus  his  life  was  taking  shape  along  those  lines  which  were  to  make  him  a  power 
in  moulding  the  history  of  jjrovincc  and  country. 


HELENA  A.  HILL 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  263 

The  year  following  his  graduation  fro;n  McGill,  or  in  1863,  he  was  called  to 
the  bar  of  Quebec.  No  dreary  novitiate  awaited  him.  Almost  immediately  his 
talents  won  him  recognition  and  he  gained  prominence  as  one  of  the  younger 
members  of  the  profession,  by  the  important  part  which  he  took  in  the  conduct 
of  a  number  of  notable  criminal  cases,  including  the  Shelian,  Havern,  Kehoe  and 
Considinc  nuirder  cases  and  the  Dunbar,  Drown,  Kearney  and  T.  F.  O'Brien 
frauds. 

It  is  said  that  he  had  no  superior  in  the  conduct  of  election  cases.  He  was  suc- 
cessful in  the  Devlin-Ryan,  Tansey-Malone  and  the  James  McShane-I-oprairie 
contests  and  all  these  drew  to  him  the  attention  and  favorable  comment  of  the 
profession.  He  was  equally  capable  in  the  practice  of  civil  law  and  was  the  legal 
representative  of  some  of  the  largest  contractors  of  the  continent  including  men 
prominent  in  business  in  New  York,  Ottawa  and  Montreal.  His  legal  counsel 
was  sought  by  men  of  prominence  again  and  again.  Probably  his  last  appearance 
as  an  advocate  was  when  he  represented  the  Dominion  government  in  an  arbitra- 
tion with  the  province,  the  case  being  heard  in  the  city  of  Quebec  about  1894. 

Judge  Curran  was  created  a  king's  counsel  by  the  Marquis  of  Lome  and  was 
appointed  secretary  of  the  commission  for  the  codification  of  the  statutes  of  the 
first  De  Boucherville  government.  Lie  was  called  to  judiciary  honor  when  made 
a  puisne  judge  of  the  superior  court,  December  5,  1892.  He  was  appointed 
solicitor  general  in  the  ministry  of  Sir  John  Thomas  and  continued  to  hold  that 
office  after  Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell  became  premier.  A  contemporary  writer  said, 
"on  the  occasion  of  his  appointment  his  lordship  was  congratulated  by  the  press 
without  distinction  of  party,  both  on  public  and  personal  grounds  in  acknowledg- 
ment of  his  'indefatigable  efforts  to  promote  the  interests  of  his  constituents' 
and  he  was  presented  in  i8go,  chiefly  by  citizens  in  Montreal,  with  a  purse  of 
seven  thousand  dollars."  Judge  Curran  remained  upon  the  bench  for  fourteen 
years  and  proved  himself  the  peer  of  the  ablest  jurist  who  has  gained  the  superior 
court  bench.  There  were  those  who  opposed  him  in  the  beginning,  but  all  came  to 
acknowledge  his  capability,  his  record  being  a  credit  and  honor  to  the  bench. 
His  opinions  were  models  of  judicial  soundness  and  his  record  as  a  jurist  was 
such  as  any  man  might  be  proud  to  possess. 

Politically  his  lordship  was  a  liberal-conservative  and  he  rendered  valuable 
service  to  his  party.  He  was  elected  by  a  large  majority  for  Montreal  Center 
to  the  house  of  commons  in  1882,  1887  and  again  in  1891,  and  upon  his  appoint- 
ment to  the  solicitor  generalship  of  Canada  in  1892  he  was  reelected  by  accla- 
mation. 

On  the  organization  of  a  law  faculty  in  connection  with  the  University  of 
Ottav/a  in  1892  Judge  Curran  was  appointed  to  one  of  the  legal  chairs  and  elected 
vice  dean.  He  was  also  a  member  of  the  senate  of  that  university  and  president 
of  its  Alumni  Association.  As  an  orator  he  swayed  all  by  his  eloquence.  He 
gained  high  rank  as  a  lecturer  and  was  frequently  called  upon  to  address  public 
gatherings. 

In  religious  faith  Judge  Curran  was  a  most  earnest  Catholic  and  was  ever 
watchful  of  opportunity  to  assist  those  of  his  faith  in  public  or  in  private. 
While  his  health  permitted  he  never  failed  to  appear  annually  with  his  colleagues 
of  the  bench  and  bar  in  the  Tete  Dieu  procession  and  his  piety  and  devotion  in  the 
closing  years   of   his  life  were  an  encouragement   to  the   old  and   an   edifying 


264  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

example  for  the  young.  As  a  Canadian  his  Hfe  work  was  one  of  conciliation  and 
he  strove  to  promote  harmony  between  all  creeds  and  colors.  He  accepted  invita- 
tions to  address  gathermgs  of  foreign  colonists,  and  the  Jews,  Germans  and  Italians 
knew  him  well,  while  among  the  people  of  his  nationality  he  was  not  only  loved 
but  respected.  He  yielded  to  none  in  the  breadth  of  his  sympathy  and  generous 
desire  for  the  union  of  all  denominations  in  the  best  and  noblest  objects.  Follow- 
ing his  elevation  to  the  bench  he  said  "that  as  a  public  man  it  had  been  his 
constant  aim  to  bring  about  the  union  of  hearts  and  minds  among  all  creeds  and 
classes,"  and  "he  was  satisfied  that  if  we  desired  to  have  a  prosperous  country 
with  a  happy  and  contented  people  we  could  only  secure  those  blessings  by  all 
creeds  and  classes  uniting  together  for  one  common  end,  'the  advancement  and 
welfare  of  Canada  and  the  empire.' "  In  August,  1896,  Judge  Curran  was 
elected  a  delegate  to  the  Irish  Race  convention,  which  met  in  Dublin  in  September 
of  that  year.  He  had  previously  been  president  of  St.  Patrick's  Society  of  Mon- 
treal and  prior  to  his  elevation  to  the  bench  was  one  of  the  directors  of  the  True 
Witness  Publishing  Company.  After  his  trip  to  the  old  country  in  1907  the  Burns 
Club  honored  him  with  an  invitation  to  a  banquet  and  to  respond  to  a  toast  to 
the  memory  of  Robert  Burns.  On  rising  to  speak  he  said,  that  all  had  become 
brothers  the  world  over  since  men  of  such  intense  love  for  Old  Scotia  had,  here 
in  our  happy  Canadian  home,  called  upon  a  descendant  of  old  Ireland  to  do 
honor  to  the  name  and  fame  of  Scotland's  greatest  bard.  There  are  few,  indeed, 
who  have  greater  love  for  the  land  which  shelters  their  race  than  had  Judge 
Curran.  He  was  perfectly  familiar  with  Irish  history,  was  a  reader  of  Irish 
literature  and  a  lover  of  Irish  music,  and  he  was  an  ardent  and  unflinching  advo- 
cate of  home  rule. 

In  1865  Judge  Curran  married  Mary  Elizabeth,  the  youngest  daughter  of  the 
late  Patrick  Brennan  of  Montreal.  His  third  son,  Francis  Joseph  Curran,  follow- 
ing his  graduation  from  Manhattan  University  of  New  York  and  McGill  Uni- 
versity of  Montreal,  was  called  to  the  bar  of  his  native  province. 

Something  of  the  position  which  Judge  Curran  occupied  in  public  regard  is 
indicated  in  works  written  of  him  ere  his  demise,  which  occurred  on  October 
I,  1909.  Morgan  in  his  volume  of  Canadian  Men  and  Women  said,  "by  the 
Irish  community  of  Montreal  he  was  regarded  as  one  who  had  stood  the  test 
of  devotion  to  their  common  fatherland,  but  it  is  to  Canada  that  he  has  given 
his  best  service  and  by  his  fellow-Canadians,  without  distinction  of  origin  or 
creed,  he  is  held  in  the  highest  esteem  and  honor."  .A  Montreal  citizen  wrote  of 
him,  "he  bears  a  character  without  reproach  and  is  as  popular  in  legal  and  political 
circles  as  he  is  respected."  The  Montreal  Gazette  said  editorially,  "no  consti- 
tuency in  Canada  has  ever  had  a  representative  who  gave  up  more  of  his  time, 
his  talent  and  his  energy  to  the  promotion  of  its  interests  than  did  Mr.  Curran 
during  the  thirteen  years  he  has  enjoyed  the  confidence  of  his  electors.  His 
genial  kindly  nature,  his  large-heartedness,  his  conspicuous  liberality  of  mind, 
absolutely  free  from  every  trace  of  bigotry,  and  his  splendid  oratorical  powers 
caused  him  to  be  in  constant  requisition  whenever  men  were  gathered  together  in 
the  promotion  of  worthy  objects  for  the  discussion  of  public  affairs  or  the 
advancement  of  the  material  and  social  welfare  of  the  country."  The  Montreal 
Herald  concluded  an  admirable  eulogy  with  the  following  paragraph :  "Unselfish- 
ness and  genuine  consideration  for  others,  jirobahly  explained  his  personal  piipu- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  265 

larity  and  his  political  success.  lie  used  to  say  that  the  man  in  public  life  erred 
in  dodging  office  seekers.  'When  I  saw  one  who  looked  as  if  he  wanted  to  get  at 
me  ]  always  went  to  him  first,  and  gave  him  his  chance  to  speak,'  he  once 
explained.  He  gave  freely  of  his  presence  where  he  thought  a  good  cause  could 
be  served,  or  a  good  example  be  set.  He  did  his  duty,  as  he  saw  it,  without 
flinching.    He  was  a  good  citizen,  and  he  leaves  a  name  to  be  held  in  honor." 


PIERRE-CHRYSOLOGUE  LACASSE. 

Pierre-Chrysologue  Lacasse,  who  follows  the  profession  of  notary  in  Montreal, 
is  widely  and  favorably  known  in  this  city.  He  enjoys  a  representative  clientele 
and  his  practice  is  extensive  as  he  has  gained  a  wide  reputation  on  account  of  his 
extensive  knowledge,  which  is  based  on  a  thorough  education.  The  Lacasse  family 
is  an  old  and  distinguished  one  in  Canada,  the  first  ancestor  to  come  to  this  coun- 
try being  Antoine  Lacasse,  also  called  Casse  or  Casse,  who  came  to  this  country 
from  Douai  (French  Flanders)  about  1650,  or  more  correctly,  between  1639  and 
1665.  This  statement  is  based  upon  a  reference  made  in  an  appendix  to  the  Flistory 
of  Canada  by  Abbe  Ferland.  The  paternal  grandfather,  Frangois  Lacasse,  was 
born  at  St.  Vincent  de  Paul  (Jesus  Island)  and  the  forefathers  were  born  in  the 
same  parish.  The  maternal  grandfather,  Joseph  Brissette,  was  a  native  of  St. 
Cuthbert,  of  the  county  of  Berthier,  where  his  ancestors  also  were  born.  The 
father  of  our  subject,  Narcisse  Lacasse,  was  born  on  February  5,  182 1,  of  the 
marriage  of  Frangois  Lacasse  with  Therese  Bastien  and  died,  on  December  27, 
1892.  He  was  a  notary,  receiving  his  commission  on  June  15,  1849.  The  mother, 
Mathilde  Brissette,  was  born  on  November  i,  1820,  a  daughter  of  Joseph  Bris- 
sette and  Marie  Lavoie.  She  died  in  Montreal  on  August  29,  191 1,  at  the 
advanced  age  of  nearly  ninety-one  years.  The  father  followed  his  occupation  in 
the  parish  of  Ste.  Elizabeth,  in  the  county  of  Joliette,  where  his  wife  was  born. 

Pierre-Chrysologue  Lacasse  was  born  on  January  7,  1866,  at  Ste.  Elizabeth, 
county  of  Joliette,  in  the  province  of  Quebec,  and  in  the  acquirement  of  his  educa- 
tion attended  the  model  school  of  Ste.  Elizabeth,  also  receiving  private  tuition. 
In  furtherance  of  his  knowledge  he  then  attended  Joliette  College,  now  known 
as  the  Seminary  of  Joliette,  and  Laval  University  at  Montreal,  graduating  with 
the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  from  the  latter  institution  in  1885.  From  the  same 
institution  he  received  his  degree  of  LL.  B.  in  1891.  However,  on  June  3,  1890, 
he  had  already  been  commissioned  a  notary  and  has  followed  that  profession  ever 
since.  On  January  29,  i8gi,  he  was  admitted  to  the  study  of  law  for  the  pro- 
fession of  advocate.  His  professional  reputation  is  of  the  very  highest  character 
and  he  has  also  extensively  engaged  in  real  estate  and  in  dealing  in  bank  and 
insurance  stock.  Among  important  estates  which  he  has  handled  as  testamentary 
executor  were  those  of  John  Pratt,  Thomas  Philippe  Barron,  L.  C.  Gravel  and 
others. 

The  position  conceded  him  by  the  profession  is  evident  from  numerous 
important  official  and  semi-official  positions  which  he  has  held.  He  was  elected 
a  member  of  the  board  of  notaries  for  the  district  of  Montreal  in  1897,  1900, 
1903,  1906.  1909  and  191 2.     He  was  a  member  and  afterwards  president  of  the 


266  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

committee  of  discipline  and  also  of  the  committee  of  surveillance  of  said  board 
and  a  member  and  afterwards  president  of  the  commission  for  the  admission  to 
the  study  of  the  notarial  profession,  which  position  he  now  holds.  In  his  political 
views  he  is  independent,  giving  his  support  to  measures  and  candidates  as  dic- 
tated by  his  judgment.  His  religious  faith  is  that  of  the  Catholic  church.  ^Ir. 
Lacasse  was  connected  with  military  life  during  a  few  years  as  lieutenant  in  Com- 
pany 4,  Eighty-third  Uatallion  of  infantry  of  Joliette. 

A  man  of  wide  experience  and  with  a  wide  outlook  upon  life,  he  is  interested 
along  lines  of  endeavor  that  touch  upon  the  progress  of  the  city  and  can  always 
be  found  among  those  who  loyally  support  any  movement  undertaken  for  public 
betterment.  He  is  highly  respected  and  esteemed  in  the  city  where  he  is  widely 
known  and  enjoys  the  confidence  and  good-will  of  the  foremost  citizens  of 
Montreal. 


ARTHUR  A.  BROWNE,  M.  D. 

The  tendency  of  the  age  is  toward  specialization  and  the  professional  man 
who  achieves  distinction  usually  concentrates  his  efforts  not  upon  the  broad  tield 
of  his  profession  but  upon  some  particular  branch  thereof,  and  thus  develops  a 
proficiency  which  he  could  not  otherwise  hope  to  attain.  Such  was  the  record  of 
Dr.  Arthur  A.  Browne,  educator  and  practitioner,  who  gained  eiminence  as  an 
obstetrician.  He  practiced  for  more  than  forty  years  in  Montreal,  entering  upon 
the  active  work  of  the  profession  in  early  manhood.  He  was  born  in  Eastern 
township,  in  1848,  and  was  descended  from  Irish  parentage,  and  of  a  family 
whose  name  figures  prominently  in  military  circles.  His  more  specifically  literary 
course  was  completed  by  graduation  from  McGill  with  the  Bachelor  of  Arts 
degree  in  1866.  A  year  or  two  thereafter  w^ts  devoted  to  business  but  feeling 
that  a  professional  career  would  prove  more  congenial,  he  entered  upon  the  study 
of  medicine  and  was  graduated  M.  D.,  C.  AI..  in  1872.  He  then  spent  a  year 
abroad,  during  which  time  he  investigated  the  methods  of  eminent  physicians 
and  surgeons  of  the  old  world,  after  which  he  o])ened  ari  office  in  Montreal.  The 
usual  experiences  of  the  professional  man  were  his.  He  had  to  work  his  way 
upward  in  face  of  competition  with  men  who  had  long  been  in  the  profession 
and  had  well  established  reputations.  The  conscientious  care  which  he  gave  to 
the  cases  entrusted  to  him  at  length  won  him  recognition  and  his  practice  grew 
until  it  became  one  of  the  largest  in  the  city.  As  time  passed  he  concentrated  his 
efforts  more  largely  upon  obstetrical  diseases  until  he  gained  a  wide  and  most 
enviable  reputation  in  that  field,  his  opinions  coming  to  be  regarded  as  authority 
upon  many  involved  and  intricate  t|uestions  relating  thereto.  In  1883  lie  was 
appointed  professor  of  obstetrics  at  McGill  University,  succeeding  tlie  late  Pro- 
fessor Duncan  McCallum,  at  the  same  time  taking  charge  of  the  University 
Maternity  Hospital.  Three  years  later,  however,  owing  to  his  growing  jiraclice, 
already  extensive,  and  his  distaste  for  the  drudgery  of  teaching,  he  resigned  his 
professorship.  Yet,  he  was  always  intensely  interested  in  McGill  and  her  wel- 
fare, and  no  function  held  by  the  medical  department  was  thought  to  be  complete 
if  Dr.  Browne  was  absent.    He  was  not  only  thoroughly  informed  concerning  his 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  267 

chosen  calling  but  possessed  a  tine  literary  mind  and  his  broad  reading  made 
him  one  of  the  best  informed  men  on  general  literature  among  the  practitioners 
of  medicine  and  surgery  in  ^Montreal.  He  was  a  student  of  the  classics,  and  all 
these  things  had  intluence  to  make  him  a  noble-minded  man,  whose  life  exempli- 
Hed  the  high  principles  which  constituted  the  basis  of  his  character.  He  possessed 
an  artistic  taste  that  found  expression  in  his  intense  admiration  of  the  beautiful 
in  both  art  and  nature.  Moreover,  keen  sympathy  was  one  of  his  strongly  marked 
traits  and  featured  as  one  of  the  elements  of  his  success.  He  might  well  be 
called  "the  beloved  physician,"  for  his  cheery  presence  as  well  as  his  scientific 
skill  brought  comfort  and  assurance  to  many  households.  He  inspired  and 
encouraged  his  patients  and  thus  assisted  them  far  on  the  road  to  recovery. 

In  Montreal,  in  1878,  Dr.  Browne  was  married  to  Miss  Jane  Labatt,  of 
London,  Ontario,  and  their  children  were:  H.  Dalzell,  of  Montreal;  K.  Russell, 
of  Bassano,  Alberta ;  Captain  G.  Sackville  Browne,  of  B  Battery,  Royal  Canadian 
Horse  Artillery,  of  Kingston;  and  F.  Dora. 

Dr.  Browne  held  membership  with  the  Masonic  fraternity  and  in  his  life 
exemplified  the  beneficent  spirit  of  the  craft.  He  had  passed  the  sixty-second 
milestone  on  life's  journey  when  his  death  occurred  January  26,  1910.  His 
eminent  aliility  gained  him  honor,  his  kindliness  and  consideration  won  him 
gratitude  and  friendship ;  and  thus  it  is  that  his  memory  is  cherished  and  remains 
as  a  blessed  benediction  to  all  who  knew  him. 


THOMAS  McDOUGALL. 

Important  corporation  and  financial  interests  have  felt  the  stimulus  of  the 
enterprise,  keen  business  insight  and  intellectual  force  of  Thomas  McDougall, 
who  is  known  in  literary  as  well  as  financial  circles.  He  was  born  at  Three  Rivers, 
P.  Q.,  May  21,  1843,  a  son  of  the  late  John  ]\IcDougall,  a  merchant  of  Three 
Rivers,  who  sat  in  the  Canadian  parliament  from  1851  until  1854  and  a  brother 
of  the  late  Hon.  Justice  McDougall  of  Aylmer,  P.  0.  For  many  years  Thomas 
McDougall  was  in  the  service  of  the  Quebec  Bank  and  was  agent  of  that  institu- 
tion in  1870.  Later  he  became  manager  at  Montreal  and  in  1894  was  made 
assistant  general  manager,  from  which  position  he  was  advanced  to  that  of  gen- 
■eral  manager  in  December  of  the  same  year.  He  continued  actively  in  control  of 
the  extensive  and  important  financial  interests  that  came  under  his  guidance  until 
1909,  when  he  resigned  but  remained  a  director  of  the  bank.  With  him  close 
reasoning  has  become  habitual,  and  he  has  therefore  found  ready  solution  for 
■difficult  and  involved  financial  problems.  He  was  chairman  of  the  clearing  house 
at  Montreal  and  was  active  in  the  meeting  of  bankers,  convened  to  revise  the 
banking  act  in  1890.  In  1898-9  he  was  president  of  the  Canadian  Bankers  Asso- 
ciation, which  indicates  his  place  of  prominence  and  influence  in  the  moneyed 
circles  of  the  country.  He  is  still  a  member  of  the  advisory  board  of  the  Scottish 
Union  &  National  Insurance  Company,  is  vice  president  of  the  Shawinigan  Water 
&  Power  Company  and  a  director  of  the  Asbestos  Corporation  of  Canada. 

In  many  public  connections  outside  the  field  of  business  and  finance  his  name 
has  figured  prominently  and  his  labors  have  been  effectively  and  helpfully  felt. 


268  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

In  1908  he  was  the  general  treasurer  of  the  Quebec  tercentenary  committee.  He 
possesses  literary  taste  in  high  degree.  He  has  written  on  banks,  bankers  and 
banking,  being  the  author  of  a  well  known  article  entitled,  T.  Pomponius  Atticus, 
a  Roman  Banker. 

Air.  JMcDougall  was  married  at  Three  Rivers,  P.  O.,  to  Aliss  Helen  Baptist, 
a  daughter  of  the  late  George  Baptist.  His  religious  connection  is  with  the 
Presbyterian  church  and  in  club  circles  he  is  well  known  as  a  member  of  the 
St.  James  Club  of  Montreal  and  the  Quebec  Garrison  Club  of  Quebec.  His  social 
qualities  and  marked  ability  along  many  lines  as  well  as  his  important  business 
interests  have  gained  him  the  prominence  which  is  today  his. 


JEAN  BAPTISTS  DAMD  LEGARE. 

Jean  Baptiste  David  Legare,  one  of  the  most  successful  real-estate  promoters 
in  the  city  of  Montreal,  was  born  in  the  parish  of  Sillery,  near  Quebec,  June  7, 
1865.  Fortune  did  not  smile  on  him  for  many  years.  His  father  having  died 
when  the  son  was  an  infant  of  but  three  months,  he  was  reared  in  the  home  of 
his  maternal  grandfather.  F.  Cote,  of  St.  Foy.  While  there  he  acquired  his 
elementary  education  and  later  attended  the  academies  at  Sillery  and  Quebec. 
Manifesting  laudable  ambition  from  early  youth,  at  the  age  of  eighteen  years 
he  began  business  life  as  a  clerk  in  the  general  store  of  Louis  Botirget  in  Quebec. 
Subsequently  he  was  employed  in  the  wholesale  dry-goods  houses  of  P.  Garneau 
and  William  McLimont  &  Sons  in  Quebec.  Later  he  became  a  representative 
of  large  grain  and  flour  mills  and  also  became  proprietor  of  a  wine  and  vinegar 
manufactory  in  Quebec.  Fate  was  against  him  and  he  failed  for  seventy-two 
thousand  dollars.  This  would  have  utterly  discouraged  and  disheartened  many 
a  man  of  less  resolute  spirit,  btit  an  optimistic  nature  would  not  allow  Mr.  Legare 
to  acknowledge  defeat  and  still  held  before  him  the  promise  of  later  success. 
He  then  engaged  in  promoting  various  imdertakings  in  Quebec,  but  still  the 
results  were  not  such  as  were  desired. 

In  1908  Mr.  Legare  came  to  Montreal  and  continued  in  the  promoting  busi- 
ness, making  a  specialty  of  real  estate.  This  proved  to  be  the  turning  point  in  the 
career  of  Mr.  Legare  and  he  has  since  gradually  but  surely  advanced  to  the  goal 
of  success.  In  the  past  five  years  he  has  made  over  three  hundred  thousand  dol- 
lars and  when  the  sum  he  had  acquired  was  sufficient  to  cancel  all  of  his  indebted- 
ness he  made  a  special  journey  to  Quebec  for  that  purpose.  Mr.  Legare  says 
that  through  all  of  the  dark  days,  when  the  storm  clouds  gathered  al^out  him  that 
threatened  disaster  and  defeat,  it  was  his  wife's  encouragement  and  her  faith  in 
his  future  that  buoyed  him  up  and  made  possible  his  ultimate  prosperity. 

The  principal  companies  which  Mr.  Legare  has  successfully  promoted  during 
the  past  five  years  are :  The  Greater  Montreal  Land  Investment  Company,  Lim- 
ited; and  The  Chateauguay  Garden  City  Company,  Limited.  He  was  also  the 
promoter  of  the  town  of  Chateauguay.  He  is  the  owner  of  twenty-seven  lakes 
on  the  seigniory  of  Mille  Isles  and  the  water  rights  pertaining  thereto.  A  strong 
man  i)hysically   and   mentally,   liis   optimistic   temperament   makes   him   an    ideal 


.lEAN  BAPTISTE  D.  LEGARE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  271 

promoter,  'i'hc  various  business  entcriirises  which  he  has  promoted  during  his 
career  have  contributed  a  great  deal  toward  the  development  of  the  natural 
resources  of  the  Dominion. 

Mr.  Legare  was  married  in  Ouebec,  in  i8<ji,  to  Alda  Garneau,  daughter  of 
Charles  Garneau,  ex-sergeant  of  arms  of  the  Quebec  assembly.  Upon  the 
maternal  side  she  is  descended  from  the  De  V'illers  and  the  De  Lachevrotiere 
families,  both  being  of  the  noblest  families  of  France.  Mr.  and  Airs.  Legare  are 
parents  of  a  daughter,  Yvonne,  who  was  married  in  191 3  to  Dr.  Rene  Turcot,  and 
they  reside  in  Quebec. 


JOHN  ALEXANDER  GORDON,  D.  D. 

One  of  the  greatest  individual  forces  in  the  promulgation  of  Baptist  doctrines 
in  Canada,  a  man  who  has  worked  long  and  earnestly  in  the  promotion  and  spread 
of  Baptist  principles,  giving  of  his  unusual  talents,  his  great  energy  and  tireless 
labor  to  the  cause,  is  Rev.  John  Alexander  Gordon,  for  fourteen  years  pastor  of 
the  First  Baptist  church  in  Montreal  and  now  the  incumbent  of  the  chair  of 
pastoral  theology  at  Brandon  Theological  College,  active  in  the  work  of  the 
foreign  missionary  societies  and  in  the  spread  of  temperance  doctrines  through- 
out the  Dominion. 

Dr.  Gordon  is  of  Scottish  ancestry  and  was  born  in  Uigg,  Prince  Edward 
Island.  He  acquired  his  early  education  in  the  public  and  high  schools  of  his 
native  province  and  in  Acadia  University,  graduating  with  the  degree  of  B.  A., 
and  acquired  his  theological  training  in  the  Newton  Theological  Seminary  in 
Newton,  Massachusetts.  He  was  ordained  to  the  Baptist  ministry  in  1875  and 
has  since  been  prominent  and  active  in  the  work  of  the  Baptist  church.  He 
received  the  honorary  degree  of  M.  A.  from  Acadia  College  in  1894  and  the 
honorary  degree  of  D.  D.  from  the  same  institution  in  1904.  Previous  to  his 
ordination  he  had  been  engaged  in  the  mercantile  and  commission  business  at 
Montague,  Prince  Edward  Island,  and  his  first  ministerial  charge  was  as  pastor 
of  the  church  in  that  community.  He  was  afterward  called  to  Milton  church, 
Yarmouth,  Nova  Scotia,  where  he  remained  from  1880  to  1885,  after  which  he 
went  to  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  serving  as  pastor  of  the  Leinster  Street  Bap- 
tist church,  and  from  there  went  to  the  First  Baptist  church,  Charlottetown, 
Prince  Edward  Island,  remaining  there  until  1893,  when  he  became  pastor  of  the 
Main  Street  Baptist  church  at  Charlottetown.  In  1899  he  was  called  to  Montreal 
as  minister  of  the  First  Baptist  church  of  this  city,  a  position  which  he  held  until 
June,  1913,  when  he  accepted  the  chair  of  pastoral  theology  at  Brandon  Theolog- 
ical College.  Dr.  Gordon  has  been  found  most  earnest,  zealous  and  consecrated 
in  his  work  and  has  been  carried  forward  by  the  force  of  his  ability  and  the 
extent  of  his  interests  into  important  relations  with  religious  work  of  many  kinds, 
notably  that  of  the  local  branch  of  the  Lord's  Day  Alliance,  of  which  he  is  vice 
president ;  the  Prisoners'  Aid  Association,  of  which  he  is  also  vice  president ;  the 
Grand  Eigne  Alissionary  Society,  of  which  he  is  president;  and  the  Maritime  Bap- 
tist Union.  No  individual  has  done  more  powerful  or  effective  work  than  he  in 
the  propagation  of  Baptist  doctrines  or  in  the  promotion  of  the  church's  interests 


272  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

for  he  was  in  1906  appointed  a  member  of  the  committee  on  Church  Union  and 
two  years  later  was  one  of  the  promoters  and  a  member  of  the  committee  which 
organized  the  Baptist  Union.  He  is  a  governor  of  Acadia  University  and  is 
especially  interested  in  the  work  of  the  Foreign  Mission  Board  of  Ontario  and 
Quebec,  of  the  British  and  Foreign  Bible  Society  and  the  Moral  and  Social 
Reform  Council.  He  has  written  a  "History  of  the  First  Baptist  Church  of 
Montreal,"  published  in  1906,  and  in  August,  1908,  entered  a  vigorous  protest 
against  the  celebration  of  high  mass  on  the  Plains  of  Abraham  as  a  part  of  the 
tercentenary  celebration. 

Dr.  Gordon  married  at  Kingsborough,  Prince  Edward  Island,  Margaret  Ford, 
eldest  daughter  of  the  late  John  Ford,  and  to  them  were  born  five  sons:  John, 
a  resident  of  Charlottetovvn,  Prince  Edward  Island;  Dr.  Alvah  H.,  of  Montreal; 
Peter  W.,  of  Calgary;  Herbert  F.,  of  Winnipeg;  and  Walter  H.,  city  editor  of 
The  Gazette  of  ilontreal.  Dr.  Gordon  has  been  a  lifelong  temperance  worker 
and  reformer  and  has  accomplished  a  great  deal  of  e.xcellent  work  along  this 
line,  being  uncompromising  in  his  attitude  toward  the  liquor  evil  and  battling 
against  it  always  to  the  extent  of  his  great  ability.  In  Montreal  he  is  known  as 
a  man  whose  actions  conform  closely  to  his  principles  and  whose  energy,  aggress- 
iveness and  untiring  activity  have  been  elements  in  the  accomplishment  of  great 
and  lasting  work. 


CHARLES  HENRY  GOULD. 

Charles  Henry  Gould,  librarian  of  AIcGill  University  and  president  of  the 
American  Library  Association,  190S-09,  is  son  of  Joseph  G.  and  Abigail  (DeWitt) 
Gould,  the  latter  a  daughter  of  the  late  Jacob  DeWitt,  M.  P.,  of  Montreal.  Born  in 
Montreal  on  the  6th  of  December,  1855,  Charles  H.  Gould  pursued  his  education  in 
the  city  schools  through  successive  grades  until  he  completed  the  high  school 
course,  after  which  he  entered  McGill  University  and  was  graduated  B.  A.  with 
first  rank  honors  in  1877,  also  winning  the  Chapman  medal  in  classics.  Through 
the  succeeding  scholastic  year  he  devoted  some  time  to  post-graduate  work  in 
physics.  With  the  completion  of  his  education  he  entered  business  circles,  in 
which  he  continued  for  several  years.  He  afterward  took  up  the  study  of  library 
economy  and  also  spent  some  time  in  travel  before  entering  upon  his  present  con- 
nection as  librarian  of  McGill  University.  For  twenty  years  he  has  filled  his 
jiresent  position  with  eminent  ability,  having  entered  upoji  his  duties  in  Septem- 
ber, 1893.  He  was  made  governor's  fellow  in  1891.  There  is  no  Canadian,  per- 
haps, who  has  made  a  more  thorough  study  of  the  work  and  opportunities  of  the 
librarian  than  has  Charles  Henry  Gould,  and  realizing  the  deficiencies  of  many 
who  imdertake  the  librarian's  task,  he  founded  the  McGill  School  for  Librarians 
in  1904.  His  prominence  in  his  chosen  field  is  indicated  in  his  election  to  the  first 
vice  presidency  of  the  American  Library  Assocation  for  1907  and  upS  and  his 
subsequent  election  to  the  presidency  for  1908-9.  He  has  continued  his  lajjors 
at  McGill  although  offered  the  appointment  of  associate  librarian  of  the  public 
library  of  Brooklyn,  New  York,  in  1908,  and  tliat  of  librarian  of  the  Toronto 
public  library.     A  fellow  of  the  American  Library  Institute,  he  belongs-  to  the 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  273 

Cliamplain  Society,  was  president  of  the  Bibliographical  Society  of  America 
1912-13  and  is  a  member  of  other  bodies  which  have  for  their  basis  the  promotion 
of  scientific  and  literary  knowledge.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  University  Club, 
and  the  Canada  Journal  names  him  as  a  loyal  and  valuable  citizen. 


DONAT  BRODEUR,  K.  C. 

Specializing  in  the  field  of  civil  and  commercial  law,  Donat  Brodeur  has 
gained  recognition  as  a  man  capable  of  handling  intricate  and  involved  legal 
problems.  He  is  a  native  of  Montreal,  born  in  March,  1S63.  His  preliminary  edu- 
cation was  acquired  in  St.  Mary's  Jesuit  College,  with  the  later  professional 
course  in  Laval  University,  from  which  he  was  graduated'  with  the  degree  of  B. 
C.  L.  with  the  class  of  1.887.  H^  '^^'^s  called  to  the  bar  at  the  beginning  of  the 
succeeding  year,  and  since  that  date  he  has  practiced  his  profession  continuously 
in  this  city,  now  covering  a  period  of  a  quarter  of  a  century.  Each  year  has 
found  him  in  a  point  in  advance  of  that  which  he  occupied  the  previous'  year  both 
in  knowledge  and  in  ihe  nature  and  importance  of  his  practice.  He  is  a  well 
known  writer  on  legal  subjects  and  a  frequent  contributor  to  legal  periodicals. 
He  has  also  lectured  on  law  topics  before  the  Canadian  Accountants  Association 
and  the  Chamber  of  Commerce.  He  has  ever  been  a  student  of  his  profession, 
constantly  broadening  his  knowledge  by  wide  reading  and  research,  and  the  care 
and  precision  with  which  he  prepares  his  cases  constitute  a  strong  element  in  his 
success. 

Attractive  social  qualities  are  the  basis  of  his  personal  popularity,  making  him 
a  valued  member  of  different  social  organizations. 


ROBERT  FOWLER. 


Robert  Fowler,  a  merchant,  was  born  in  Montreal,  November  17,  1851,  and 
died  in  April,  1903.  He  was  a  son  of  Robert  J.  Fowler,  who  was  born  in  England 
in  1818  and  was  educated  there.  He  was  brought  up  in  the  cathedral,  having 
from  the  age  of  ten  years  made  his  own  way,  becoming  a  choir  boy  in  the  church. 
In  1847  he  crossed  the  Atlantic  going  to  Sorel,  Canada,  with  Sir  Benjamin  Levine 
and  his  staff,  to  teach  the  daughters  music.  In  1849  he  came  to  Montreal  and 
was  the  first  instructor  of  the  city  to  hold  musicales.  For  forty  years  he  was 
professor  of  music  in  the  normal  school  and  at  different  times  was  organist  in 
nearly  all  of  the  churches  of  the  city.  He  could  play  any  instrument  and  was 
recognized  as  the  best  instructor  in  music,  by  far,  of  his  day.  He  was  also  known 
to  some  extent  as  a  composer  and,  in  a  word,  his  musical  talent  was  highly  devel- 
oped, while  his  professional  labors  and  influence  were  an  element  in  promoting 
and  cultivating  musical  tastes  and  standards  in  the  city.  His  was  an  artistic 
nature.  He  wielded  the  painter's  brush  with  skill  and  he  was,  moreover,  a  great 
naturalist.  He  took  deep  interest  in  the  city's  improvement  and  in  all  projects 
for  civic  betterment.     He  held  membership  in  Christ's  Church  Cathedral,  renting 


274  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

a  pew  there  for  thirty-tive  years.  His  life  thus  became  a  potent  force  in  the 
artistic  and  moral  progress  of  the  city.  He  was  married  in  Weymouth,  England, 
to  Miss  Annie  Wadsworth  and  they  became  the  parents  of  five  children,  who 
reached  adult  age  but  only  one,  Annie,  is  now  living.  The  others  were  William, 
Susan,  Robert  and  John  Henry.  The  death  of  the  father  occurred  March  14, 
igoo,  and  the  mother  passed  away  in  191 1. 

Robert  Fowler  supplemented  a  public-school  course  by  study  in  the  normal 
school  of  Montreal  and  started  in  the  business  world  as  an  employe  in  Robert- 
son's dry-goods  store,  in  which  he  acquainted  himself  with  every  phase  of  the 
business  and  gained  practical  experience  which  made  hiin  a  successful  merchant 
when  he  started  out  on  his  own  account. 

He  carefully  saved  his  earnings  until  his  frugality  and  economy  had  brought 
him  sufficient  capital  to  become  a  partner  in  the  purchase  of  a  stock  of  goods 
and  the  establishment  of  a  store.  The  firm  of  Fowler  &  Leishman  was  then 
organized  for  the  conduct  of  a  retail  dry-goods  business  and  after  a  few  years 
Mr.  Fowler  was  able  to  purchase  his  partner's  interest  becoming  sole  proprietor. 
He  then  devoted  his  entire  time  to  the  business  and  enjoyed  a  liberal  patronage, 
deriving  a  fair  and  gratifying  profit  from  his  investment. 

In  Montreal  in  1892,  occurred  the  marriage  of  Robert  Fowler  and  Miss  Amy 
Hamilton,  a  daughter  of  Robert  Hamilton.  Their  three  children  were  Gordon, 
Wallace  and  Doris. 

Mr.  Fowler  belonged  to  the  Episcopal  church  and  to  its  teachings  was  loyal 
and  faithful.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Philharmonic  Club.  He  manifested  the 
qualities  of  good  citizenship  and  was  devoted  to  the  welfare  of  his  family,  who, 
when  he  passed  away  in  April,  1903,  lost  a  loving  and  generous  husband  and 
father,  while  his  associates  mourned  the  death  of  a  loyal,  faithful  friend. 


ALEXANDER  COWPER  HUTCHISON. 

The  history  of  Montreal's  architectural  development  would  be  incomplete 
were  there  failure  to  make  reference  to  Alexander  Cowper  Hutchison,  who, 
though  in  his  seventy-seventh  year,  is  yet  active  in  his  profession  in  which  he 
has  long  been  a  recognized  leader.  His  position  today  is  that  of  consulting  archi- 
tect and  his  utterances  are  accepted  as  words  of  wisdom  by  younger  representa- 
tives of  the  profession.  Mr.  Hutchison  is  one  of  the  old-time  residents  of 
Montreal.  In  fact,  his  entire  life  has  here  been  passed  with  the  exception  of  a 
period  of  three  years  s])ent  in  Ottawa,  Ontario.  He  has  seen  this  city  develop  from 
less  than  forty  thousand  to  a  metropolitan  center  of  over  six  hundred  thousand 
inhabitants. 

Mr.  Hutchison  was  born  April  2,  1838,  on  the  east  side  of  Queen  street 
between  Wellington  and  William  streets,  at  Montreal  and  many  years  later  it 
fell  to  his  lot  in  the  course  of  his  business,  to  tear  down  the  <»ld  house  in  which 
his  birth  had  occurred,  this  being  done  to  make  room  for  the  Ives  and  Allen 
warehouse  which  was  erected  ui)on  that  site.  He  comes  of  old  Scotch  ancestry. 
His  father  was  William  Hutchison  who  came  from  Ayrshire,  Scotland.  He 
was  a  builder  in  Montreal  and  afterward  was  connected  with  the  public  works 


AI.EXAXDEK  C.  TUTCHTSOX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  277 

department.     The  iiiotlier,  whose  maiden  name  was   Helen  Campbell  Hall,   wa? 
also  a  native  of  Ayrshire,  Scotland. 

Such  schools  as  existed  in  Montreal  during  his  youthful  days  provided  Alex- 
ander Cowper  Hutchison  with  his  educational  opportunities.  When  but  a  boy 
of  twelve  years  he  began  to  learn  the  stone-cutter's  trade  under  the  direction 
of  his  father  and  during  the  winter  months  for  two  or  three  years  after  he  had 
commenced  work  iie  attended  the  school  conducted  liy  the  late  C.  P.  Watson. 
Subsequently  he  Ijecame  a  student  in  night  school  and  devoted  all  (jf  his  sjjare 
time  to  study,  having  come  to  a  full  realization  of  the  value  of  education.  He 
possessed  an  inherited  talent  for  drawing  and  to  develop  his  powers  in  that  direc- 
tion he  attended  drawing  classes  that  were  conducted  at  the  Mechanics'  Institute. 
He  had  made  raj)id  progress  from  the  very  first  as  a  stone-cutter  and  disi)layed 
exceptional  ability  and  skill  in  that  direction. 

W'hen  scarcely  out  of  his  teens  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  the  cut  stone  work 
on  Christ  Church  Cathedral  and  some  of  the  finest  stone  work  around  the  altar 
in  that  edifice  was  cut  by  him  before  he  had  attained  his  majority.  After 
the  completion  of  that  building  he  was  placed  in  charge  of  the  cut  stone  work 
of  the  eastern  block  of  the  parliament  buildings  at  Ottawa  during  their  erection, 
bis  efiforts  in  that  connection  continuing  through  the  year  1862.  While  engaged 
in  that  work  he  successfully  conducted  classes  in  drawing  which  were  largely 
attended.  On  the  completion  of  the  government  buildings  he  was  called  to 
Montreal  to  conduct  classes  in  connection  with  the  Mechanics'  Institute,  giving 
instructions  in  architectural  and  geometric  drawing.  These  classes  were  after- 
ward transferred  to  the  Board  of  Arts  and  Manufacturers  and  it  was  while  con- 
nected therewith  that  he  took  up  the  active  practice  of  his  profession  which  he 
followed  for  many  years.  The  beauty  and  utility  which  have  always  been  salient 
features  of  his  designs  are  evident  in  many  of  the  principal  buildings  of  Montreal. 

Among  the  many  structures  designed  by  Mr.  Hutchison  independently  or 
in  a  partnership  relation,  and  which  stand  as  monuments  to  his  skill  and  inge- 
nuity may  be  mentioned  :  Redpath  Museum  ;  McGill  University  ;  Erskine  church  ; 
Crescent  Street  Presbyterian  church ;  Warren  Memorial  church  at  Louisville, 
Kentucky;  St.  Andrew's  church,  at  Westmount;  Montreal  high  school  and  a 
number  of  other  school  buildings;  Royal  Insurance  building;  London  &  Liver- 
pool &  Globe  Insurance  Company's  building ;  Canadian  Express  Company's 
building;  La  Presse  building;  Queen's  Hall  block;  Henry  Birks  &  Sons'  building; 
Lord  Strathcona's  residence;  Macdonald  College  buildings  at  Ste.  Anne  de 
Bellevue,  Quebec,  as  well  as  a  large  number  of  residences  in  Montreal  and  else- 
where together  with  many  warehouses,  factories  etc.  One  of  the  most  recent 
expressions  of  his  architectural  skill  is  seen  in  the  Chalmers  church  at  Ottaw-a. 
He  has  not  only  practiced  his  profession  as  one  of  its  active  followers,  but  has 
also  gained  renown  as  an  educator  in  his  special  field.  He  has  lectured  on 
ecclesiastical  architecture  before  the  Presbyterian  College  of  Montreal  and  he 
was  one  of  the  original  members,  selected  by  its  founder,  the  Marquis  of  Lome, 
of  the  Royal  Canadian  Academy  of  Art,  and  remained  its  vice  president  until 
1907,  when  he  resigned.  He  has  likewise  been  honored  with  the  presidency  of 
the  Quebec  Architects'  Association,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  founders,  and 
thus  has  come  to  him  direct  recognition  of  the  honor  and  respect  entertained 
for  him  by  the  profession. 


278  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

In  political  affairs  Mr.  Hutchison  has  taken  a  prominent  part  but  never  as 
a  party  leader  in  the  commonly  accepted  sense  of  the  term.  \N'ith  him  men  and 
measures  have  ever  been  considered  before  partisanship,  and  the  public  welfare 
has  ever  stood  before  personal  aggrandizement.  For  years  he  was  a  member  of 
the  council  and  was  the  second  mayor  of  Cote  St.  Antoine,  now  Westmount. 
His  deep  interest  in  and  loyalty  to  the  cause  of  education  was  demonstrated  in 
his  eighteen  years  of  service  as  a  school  trustee.  For  a  number  of  years  he 
was  a  member  of  No.  5  Queen's  Company  \'olunteer  Fire  Brigade.  He  was 
likewise  a  member  of  the  First  Company  Rifles  which  was  originally  an  inde- 
pendent company  and  afterwards  became  the  First  Company  of  Prince  of  Wales' 
Regiment.  He  was  also  an  officer  in  a  rifle  company  in  Ottawa,  while  subse- 
quently he  became  an  officer  of  the  Montreal  Engineers,  retiring  with  the  rank 
of  lieutenant.  He  took  part  in  the  Fenian  raids  of  1866  and  1870  and  was 
accorded  the  Queen's  medal. 

Mr.  Hutchison  manifested  great  interest  in  church  work.  He  was  formerly 
an  elder  in  Erskine  church,  but  afterward  became  connected  with  St.  Andrew's 
church  at  Westmount,  which  had  previously  been  known  as  Melville  church 
but  differences  of  opinion  caused  a  split  in  the  congregation  and  the  portion 
that  left  took  the  name  with  them.  St.  Andrew's  church  was  then  organized  and 
remained  on  the  old  site,  at  the  corner  of  Stanton  and  Cote  St.  Antoine  road. 
Mr.  Hutchison  was  one  of  its  founders  and  since  the  organization  of  this 
church  has  taken  a  most  prominent  part  in  its  affairs.  He  has  been  an  elder 
for  many  years,  was  superintendent  of  the  Sunday  school  for  thirty  years  and 
since  1886  has  continuously  served  as  session  clerk.  He  is  a  member  of  the 
board  of  managers  of  the  Montreal  Presbyterian  College  and  was  a  memljer 
of  the  national  committee  of  the  Presbyterian  Laymen's  Missionary  movement 
in  1909.  He  has  likewise  served  as  president  of  the  Provincial  Sunday  School 
Union  of  Quebec. 

No  good  work  done  in  the  name  of  charity  or  religion  has  ever  sought 
his  aid  in  vain,  and  his  broad  humanitarianism  has  been  manifest  in  his  helpful 
support  of  many  movements  to  benefit  the  poor  and  needy  or  ameliorate  the 
hard  conditions  of  life  for  the  unfortunate.  He  is  a  life  governor  of  the 
[Montreal  General  Hospital,  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane,  governor 
of  the  Western  Hospital,  and  president  of  the  Protestant  House  of  Industry 
and  Refuge.  He  is  an  ex-president  of  the  Canadian  branch  of  the  Royal  Cale- 
donian Curling  Club  and  of  the  Alontreal  Caledonian  Curling  Club,  being  now 
honorary  president  of  the  latter  and  an  ex-president  of  the  Heather  Curling  Club 
of  Westmount.  He  was  a  warm  personal  friend  of  the  late  Hon.  Alexander 
Mackenzie  and  he  counts  among  his  close  associates  many  of  the  most  dis- 
tinguished and  eminent  residents  of  Montreal  and  the  province.  The  Ottawa 
Free  Press  has  termed  him  "one  of  Montreal's  best  known  and  most  honored 
citizens."  He  has  long  occupied  positions  of  distinction,  not  only  by  reason  of 
what  he  has  accomplished  along  professional  lines,  but  also  owing  to  the  fact 
that  he  has  made  his  life  of  signal  service  and  benefit  to  his  fellowmen  in  his 
support  of  benevolent  and  religious  plans  and  projects.  His  life  has  ever  been 
actuated  by  the  highest  principles  of  honor  and  no  citizen  of  Montreal  is  more 
worthy  of  high  regard. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  279 

On  ihc  lotli  of  July,  1862,  in  Cobourg,  Ontario,  Air.  Hutchison  was  united 
in  marriage  to  Miss  Margaret  Burnet  of  tiiat  place,  and  they  celebrated  their 
golden  wedding  in  July,  1912.  Mr.  and  Airs.  Hutchison  have  two  sons  and 
one  daughter:  William  B.,  of  the  lirm  of  Hutchison,  Wood  &  Miller,  architects, 
who  is  married;  Charles  Alexander,  engaged  in  ornamental  iron  work-,  who  is 
married  and  has  two  children,  Margaret  and  Lome;  and  Helen,  the  wife  of 
George  W.  Wood  of  that  firm.  She  has  three  sons :  Alexander  Campbell, 
George  Arthur  and  Douglas  Fletcher. 

Mr.  Hutchison  resides  at  No.  240  Kensington  avenue  and  has  lived  in  that 
immediate  vicinity  for  nearly  fifty  years.  During  his  boyhood  his  parents  resided 
on  the  north  side  of  St.  James  street  just  a  short  distance  west  of  Bleury  street 
which  was  then  one  of  the  attractive  residential  sections  of  the  city  and  Mr.  Hutchi- 
son relates  some  highly  interesting  incidents  of  those  early  days. 

In  1865  when  he  took  up  his  residence  in  what  is  now  Westmount,  that 
district  was  supposed  to  be  far  out  in  the  country.  In  fact,  the  nearest  residence, 
other  than  homes  of  farmers,  was  on  Dorchester  West  near  what  is  now 
Greene  street.  While  Mr.  Hutchison  has  passed  the  seventy-sixth  milestone 
upon  life's  journey,  he  is  a  well  preserved  man,  active  in  mind  and  body.  Regu- 
lar in  his  habits,  he  has  never  tasted  into.xicating  liquors  or  used  tobacco  in  any 
form.  His  great  vitality  has  enabled  him- to  withstand  three  very  serious  opera- 
lions  since  reaching  the  age  of  seventy  years  and  his  complete  recovery  has 
attracted  the  attention  of  members  of  the  medical  profession.  He  is  a  splendid 
type  of  a  high-minded  gentleman  of  the  old  school,  whose  natural  politeness 
and  courtesv  are  in  evidence  at  all  times. 


DAVID  W.  CAMPBELL. 

David  W.  Campbell,  prominently  connected  with  marine  transportation  inter- 
ests, is  now  general  agent  in  Canada  for  the  Elder-Dempster  Company  in  the 
South  African  and  Mexican  service.  He  was  born  in  Montreal  in  1861,  a  son  of 
the  late  John  and  Sarah  (Evans)  Campbell,  of  this  city.  His  youthful  days 
were  spent  in  his  parents'  home  and  his  education  was  completed  in  the  Montreal 
high  school.  He  comes  of  Scotch  ancestry  and  in  his  career  has  manifested  many 
of  the  sterling  traits  characteristic  of  the  land  of  the  heather.  His  initial  step 
in  business  was  made  in  the  service  of  Thompson,  Murray  &  Company,  then 
managing  agents  of  the  Beaver  line  of  steamships  in  Canada.  Fidelity,  industry 
and  capability  won  him  promotion  from  time  to  time  and  after  twenty  years' 
continuous  connection  with  the  company  he  was  appointed  to  the  position  of  gen- 
eral manager  in  1895.  While  acting  in  that  capacity  he  was  the  first  to  establish 
a  direct  steamship  service  during  the  winter  months  to  a  Canadian  port — that 
of  St.  John,  New  Brunswick.  It  was  through  his  instrumentality  that  the  vessels 
of  the  Beaver  line  were  sold  to  the  Elder-Dempster  Company  in  1898  and  two 
years  later,  or  in  1900,  he  became  Canadian  manager  for  the  latter  company. 
His  efficiency  in  the  field  of  steamship  service  management  led  to  his  selection, 
in  1903,  for  the  position  of  general  superintendent  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Rail- 
way  Company's   Atlantic   fleet   of   steamers   at   Montreal,   in   which   position   he 


280  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

remained  until  June,  1905,  when  he  resigned  in  order  to  take  control  for  Canada 
of  the  interests  of  the  Elder-Dempster  Company  in  connection  with  the  South 
African  and  Alexican  service.  He  subsequently  became  general  agent  in  Canada 
for  the  same  company,  and  his  efforts  have  greatly  furthered  its  interests.  He 
readily  recognizes  the  possibilities  of  a  situation,  utilizes  the  opportunities  that 
are  presented  and  accomplishes  substantial  and  gratifying  results.  He  is  a 
director  of  several  shipping  companies  and  is  on  the  board  of  the  Montreal  Sailors' 
Institute  and  the  Shipping  Federation  of  Canada,  all  of  which  are  more  or  less 
directly  connected  with  the  line  of  business  in  which  he  has  so  long  been  engaged. 
Moreover,  he  has  done  much  to  popularize  the  St.  Lawrence  route.  He  is  serving 
on  the  executive  committee  of  the  Canadian  Shipping  Federation,  and  his  long 
experience  with  maritime  interests  well  qualifies  him  to  speak  authoritatively 
upon  matters  with  which  the  federation  deals. 

Mr.  Campbell  has  for  some  years  been  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of 
Trade,  in  1910  was  elected  one  of  its  councillors  and  in  1914  a  vice  president. 
He  is  also  Cuban  consul  at  Montreal. 

In  November,  1900,  Mr.  Camplpell  married  Miss  Emily  Maud  Baird,  a  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  H.  N.  Baird  of  Toronto.  They  hold  membership  in  the  Presby- 
terian church,  and  Mr.  Campbell  belongs  to  the  St.  James  Club.  He  favors  free 
trade  with  the  Empire  and  has  been  a  close  student  of  many  political  situations 
and  questions  having  to  do  with  the  welfare  and  progress  of  the  Dominion.  His 
opinions  upon  such  questions  are  never  lightly  valued,  for  experience  has  devel- 
oped in  him  sound  judgment  and  keen  discrimination. 


LOUIS  DUFOUR  DIT  LATOUR. 

Louis  Dufour  dit  Latour,  member  of  the  real-estate  firm  of  Latour  &  Guindon, 
with  offices  in  the  Versailles  building,  Montreal,  was  born  in  this  city,  June  15, 
1867,  a  son  of  Frangois  Xavier  Latotir  dit  Dufour  of  Lavaltrie,  P.  O.,  where  he 
followed  farming,  and  of  Elizabeth  (Prud'homme)  Latour  of  St.  Sulpice,  P.  Q. 
His  great-grandfather  was  Michel  Dufour  dit  Latour,  a  church  builder,  and  his 
great-grandmother  was  Charlotte  Du  Moulin  from  France. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  Louis  Dufour  dit  Latour  attended  the 
College  of  Chambly — the  Brethren  of  Christian  School,  pursuing  a  commercial 
course.  His  early  experience  in  business  lines  came  to  him  as  office  boy  with  the 
Thomas  Davidson  Manufacturing  Company,  tinware  and  granite  ware  manufac- 
turers of  Montreal.  He  was  in  the  employ  of  the  company  for  twenty-six  years, 
gradually  working  his  way  upward  as  his  developing  powers  and  ability  prepared 
him  for  further  activities  and  responsibilities.  He  served  successively  as  custom 
house  clerk,  cashier,  bookkeeper  and  as  manager  of  the  Montreal  branch  of  the 
business,  continuing  in  that  position  of  responsibility  for  twelve  years.  No  higher 
testimonial  of  his  business  integrity,  enterprise  and  fidelity  could  be  given  than 
the  fact  that  he  remained  with  one  company  for  over  a  quarter  of  a  century.  He 
left  them  in  1909  to  open  a  real-estate  office  in  connection  with  J.  M.  Guindon,  a 
hardware  merchant  of  Montreal,  under  the  firm  style  of  Latour  &  Guindon  at 
No.  1202  Mount  Royal  East  street,  where  they  remained  from   1909  until   1913. 


L.  D.  LATOUR 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  283 

They  then  transferred  their  business  to  No.  52  St.  James  street,  retaining  the  old 
office,  however,  as  a  branch.  In  May,  1914,  the  offices  were  removed  to  the  new 
Versailles  building  on  St.  James  street. 

On  the  28lh  of  May,  1888,  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Latour  was  united  in  marriage  to 
Miss  Marie  Joseph  Lebianc,  a  daughter  of  Alphonse  Leblanc  and  AveHne  Amir- 
ault  of  L'Epiphanie,  P.  O.  Her  grandfather  was  a  pioneer  of  L'Epiphanie.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Latour  have  three  children :  Lydia,  the  wife  of  Eugene  Brissette,  who  is 
with  La  I'atrie  Publishing  Company;  Rene,  a  hardware  merchant  of  Montreal; 
and  Ernest,  who  holds  a  responsible  position  with  The  Mark  Fisher  Sons  & 
Company,  Limited. 

The  religious  faith  of  the  family  is  that  of  the  Roman  Catholic  church,  and 
the  political  allegiance  of  Mr.  Latour  is  given  to  the  conservative  party.  That  he 
is  today  one  of  the  successful  real-estate  brokers  of  the  city  is  attributable  entirely 
to  his  own  labors  and  his  laudable  ambition.  Step  by  step  he  has  worked  his  way 
upward,  the  trend  of  his  orderly  progression  being  easily  discernible. 


REV.  NATHAN  GORDON. 

A  man  of  deep  learning,  broad  knowledge  and  scholarly  attainments,  of  force, 
experience  and  capacity,  Rev.  Nathan  Gordon  has  become  known  as  one  of  the 
most  able  educators  in  Quebec  province,  and  as  one  of  the  successful  and  conse- 
crated workers  among  the  Jewish  people  of  Montreal.  He  was  born  in  Odessa, 
Russia,  and  took  his  arts  course  in  the  Cincinnati  University,  from  which  he  was 
graduated,  B.  A.,  in  1906.  He  is  also  a  graduate  of  the  Hebrew  Union  Theologi- 
cal College  of  that  city  and  in  1909  received  the  degree  of  ]\I.  A.  from  ]\IcGill 
University. 

Mr.  Gordon  came  to  Montreal  in  igo6,  having  been  appointed  in  September 
of  that  year  Rabbi  of  Temple  Emmanu-El,  and  since  that  time  he  has  accom- 
plished a  great  deal  of  earnest  and  zealous  work  among  the  people  of  his  congre- 
gation, who  recognize  him  as  a  sincere,  upright  and  God-fearing  man.  The 
■church  property  is  valued  at  one  hundred  thousand  dollars,  and  the  business 
affairs  connected  with  its  administration  are  ably  conducted,  Mr.  Gordon  assist- 
ing his  associates  by  his  executive  skill  and  sound  and  practical  judgment.  Com- 
bining religious  zeal  with  the  ability  necessary  to  make  it  effective  among  his 
people,  he  has  indeed  been  a  force  for  good  at  Temple  Emmanu-El  and  an  able 
propagator  as  well  as  a  conserver  of  the  doctrines  in  which  he  believes. 

A  scholar,  a  deep  thinker  and  a  broadly  educated  man,  Mr.  Gordon  has  long 
been  an  ardent  student  of  Oriental  languages  and  literature  and  has  paid  particu- 
lar attention  to  the  language  of  his  own  race,  in  which  he  is  thoroughly  proficient. 
In  1909  he  was  appointed  lecturer  on  rabbinical  and  mediaeval  Jewish  literature 
and  instructor  in  Semitic  languages  at  ]\IcGill  University  and  in  this  position  has 
done  a  great  deal  to  promote  a  more  general  interest  in  these  subjects  and  a  more 
widespread  knowledge  of  the  customs,  language  and  traditions  of  the  Jews.  An 
ardent  champion  of  his  race  and  an  upholder  of  its  creed,  a  foe  to  the  injustices 
and  wrongs  which  have  continually  oppressed  it,  he  has  supported  the  cause  of 
the  Hebrew  people  on  every  occasion  and  one  of  the  most  eloquent  and  telling 


284  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

appeals  on  behalf  of  the  nationalization  of  the  Plains  of  Abraham  came  from 
him.  The  people  of  Temple  Emmanu-El  are  fortunate  in  having  at  their  head  a 
man  so  fearless  in  conviction,  so  able  in  argument,  so  uncompromising  in  support 
of  his  professed  beliefs,  and  the  city  of  ]\Iontreal  is  fortunate  also,  having  in 
Rabbi  Gordon  an  upright,  public-spirited  and  loyal  citizen. 


EDOUARD  CHOLETTE. 

Edouard  Cholette,  a  member  of  the  notarial  profession  of  Montreal,  is  a  rep- 
resentative of  one  of  the  oldest  French  families  of  the  city,  tracing  his  ancestry 
back  to  Sebastian  Cholette,  who  was  born  in  1679  «i'''d  was  married  in  Montreal 
on  the  19th  of  October,  1705,  to  Miss  Anne  Hard.  They  became  the  parents  of 
a  large  family.  Edouard  Cholette,  born  in  ^Montreal  on  the  3d  of  April,  1880,  is 
a  son  of  L.  E.  A.  and  Marie  Antoinette  (Le  Sieur)  Cholette,  and  in  the  acquire- 
ment of  his  education  attended  St.  Alary's  College,  from  which  he  was  graduated 
in  June,  1899.  He  completed  a  course  in  Laval  University  in  June,  1903,  win- 
ning the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  for  work  done  in  the  classical  course  and  the 
Master  of  Laws  degree,  indicative  of  his  preparation  for  the  profession  which 
he  now  follows.  Since  his  graduation  he  has  practiced  in  Montreal  as  a  notary 
public  and  has  been  accorded  liberal  support. 

In  religious  faith  Mr.  Cholette  is  a  Roman  Catholic.  He  'is  well  known 
socially  in  the  city  where  his  entire  life  has  been  spent  and  is  a  valued  member 
of  the  Canadian  and  St.  Denis  Clubs. 


CARL  RIORDON. 


As  vice  president  and  managing  director  of  the  Riordon  Pulp  &  Paper  Com- 
pany, Ltd.,  Carl  Riordon  occupies  an  important  position  in  the  commercial  life 
of  the  city.  He  was  born  June  3,  1876,  at  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  and  is  a  son 
of  Charles  and  Edith  (Ellis)  Riordon.  Carl  Riordon  was  educated  at  Upper 
Canada  College,  Bishop  Ridley  College  and  Toronto  University,  where  he  took 
the  degree  of  B.  A.  in  1896.  He  entered  business  fields  in  the  Merritton  mill,  a 
property  of  the  Riordon  Paper  Mills  in  St.  Catharines,  becoming  connected  with 
the  sulphite  department.  He  did  work  in  the  various  departments  of  the  con- 
cern and  subsecjucntly  took  charge  of  the  repairs  which  were  made  on  the  Hawkes- 
bury  mill,  of  whicli  he  later  became  superintendent.  In  1902  he  returned  to  the 
Merritton  mill  in  the  capacity  of  manager  and  in  trjof)  was  made  general  manager 
of  the  Riordon  Pajier  Mills,  which  concern  absorlied  the  business  of  G.  H.  Perley 
&  Company  in  1910,  the  firm  adopting  the  name  of  the  Riordon  Paper  Company 
and  establishing  headquarters  at  Montreal.  In  1912  the  Riordon  Pulp  &  Paper 
ComiJany  took  over  the  l)usiness  of  the  former  company.  It  is  one  of  the  fore- 
most concerns  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion.  Mr.  Riordon  is  vice  president  and 
managing  director  and  is  also  flirector  of  The  Mail  IVinting  Company  of  Toronto 
and  the  Niagara  Falls  Suspension  Bridge  Company. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  285 

Mr.  Riuriloii  lias  an  interesting  military  record  to  his  credit,  being  gazetted 
second  lieutenant  in  the  Nineteenth  St.  Catharines  Infantry  Regiment  in  1898. 
He  was  made  captain  in  the  following  year  and  in  1901  became  quartermaster 
with  the  honorary  rank  of  captain.  For  some  time  he  led  B  Company  of  that 
regiment.     He  retired  in  1904. 

Carl  Riordon  married  on  June  23,  1900,  Miss  Amy  Louise  Paterson,  a  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  Rev.  Charles  Paterson,  of  Port  Hope,  Ontario.  To  this  union  have 
been  born  five  children :  Charles  Harold,  Edith  Amy,  John  Eric  Benson,  Mary 
Kathleen  and  Peter  Hamilton. 

In  his  religious  faith  Mr.  Riordon  is  an  Anglican.  He  is  prominent  in  club- 
dom, being  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  the  St.  James,  the  University  and  the 
Hunt  Clubs  of  Montreal;  the  Toronto  Club  of  Toronto;  and  the  liritish  Empire 
Club  of  London,  England.  He  also  is  a  member  of  the  Alpha  Delta  PhiClub  of 
New  York  city.  His  political  views  incline  him  toward  the  conservative  party 
and  although  his  commercial  interests  are  so  extensive  as  to  prevent  active  par- 
ticipation in  governmental  affairs,  he  shows  great  interest  in  matters  of  public 
importance.  In  the  world  of  paper  making  his  name  is  well  known  and  he  is 
considered  one  of  the  foremost  authorities  along  that  line.  At  a  comparatively 
early  age  he  has  attained  a  position  of  importance  and  distinction.  He  is  shrewd, 
able,  energetic  and  technically  highly  trained  and  his  success  therefore  is  but 
natural,  being  typical  of  the  yotinger  Canadian  business  men  of  the  most  modern 
and  progressive  tendencies. 


LAWRENCE  LEOPOLD  HENDERSON. 

Among  the  successful  business  men  of  Montreal  is  Lawrence  Leopold  Hen- 
derson, general  manager  of  the  Montreal  Transportation  Company.  He  was  born 
in  Kingston,  Ontario,  March  5,  1866,  a  son  of  Peter  Robertson  and  Henrietta 
Jane  (Sweetland)  Henderson,  the  former  a  merchant  of  Kingston,  born  in  Aber- 
deen, Scotland,  and  the  latter  of  English  ancestry.  The  father  died  in  1895  and 
the  mother  in  1896. 

Lawrence  L.  Henderson  received  his  education  in  private  schools  and  in  the 
collegiate  institute  at  Kingston.  In  1884,  at  the  age  of  eighteen,  he  entered  the 
employ  of  the  Montreal  Transportation  Company  as  a  clerk.  Devoting  himself 
assiduously  to  the  work  at  hand,  he  was  promoted  from  position  to  position  in 
the  various  departments  of  the  institution  until  he  became  in  1896  agent  at  King- 
ston. In  January,  1909,  he  was  made  general  manager  and  at  that  time  left 
Kingston  for  Montreal,  having  since  occupied  this  important  position.  Mr.  Hen- 
derson is  a  director  of  the  National  Real-Estate  and  Investment  Company  of 
Montreal,  the  Montreal  Transportation  Company,  the  Montreal  Dry  Docks  and 
Ship  Repairing  Company,  the  Rothesay  Realty  Company,  and  president  of  the 
Dominion  IMarine  Association.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  ^Montreal  Board  of 
Trade. 

While  in  Kingston  Mr.  Henderson  was  a  member  of  the  city  council  from 
1907  to  1908  and  of  the  school  board  from  1904  to  1906.  He  also  served  on  the 
executive  of  the  Dominion  Marine  Association.    He  was  prominent  as  a  member 


286  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

of  the  Board  of  Trade  of  Kingston  and  upon  leaving  that  town  was  presented 
with  a  handsome  silver  salver  on  behalf  of  the  board  and  with  a  silver  loving  cup 
by  the  employes  of  the  company. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  Canada  Club,  the  Engineers  Club,  the  St.  George  Snow- 
shoe  Club,  the  Canadian  Club  of  Montreal,  the  Country  Club  of  Montreal,  the 
Frontenac  Club  of  Kingston,  the  Kingston  Curling  Club,  and  the  Heather  Club 
of  \\  estmount. 

On  April  30,  1890,  Mr.  Henderson  was  married  to  Miss  Jennie  Lena  Spencer, 
a  daughter  of  the  late  L.  B.  Spencer,  of  Kingston,  Their  children  are  Lawrence 
Spencer,  Mabel  Spencer,  Ruth  Sweetland,  Kenneth  Robertson,  Florence  Lillian 
and  Jean  Lewis. 


ALBERT  PIERRE  FRIGON. 

Various  corporate  interests  have  felt  the  stimulus  of  the  cooperation  and 
enterprising  spirit  of  Albert  Pierre  Frigon,  who  today  stands  in  a  prominent 
place  on  the  stage  of  financial  activity  in  Montreal,  his  native  city.  He  was  born 
on  the  14th  of  June,  1872,  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Philomene  (Cassan)  Frigon, 
the  former  a  general  contractor  for  more  than  thirty  years.  Both  he  and  his 
wife  are  still  living.  The  ancestors  of  the  family  were  all  from  France  and 
the  genealogy  can  be  traced  back  to  the  lifteenth  century.  ' 

Albert  P.  Frigon  was  educated  in  the  Catholic  commissioner's  school, 
Archambault's,  where  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1888.  Crossing  the 
threshold  of  business  life,  he  became  bookkeeper  for  P.  P.  Mailloux,  a  hard- 
ware merchant  on  St.  Paul  street  in  Montreal,  with  whom  he  remained  for 
thirteen  years,  his  capability  and  fidelity  being  attested  by  his  long  connection 
with  the  house.  He  resigned  in  1901  to  become  Inisiness  and  financial  manager 
for  the  Seminary  of  St.  Sulpice  of  Montreal  and  in  the  intervening  years  to  the 
present  his  activities  have  constantly  broadened  in  scope  and  importance.  He 
is  now  a  controlling  figure  in  various  corporate  interests  and  has  large  invest- 
ments in  others.  At  the  present  writing  he  is  a  memlier  of  the  firm  of  St.  Cyr, 
Gonthier  &  Frigon,  bankers  and  brokers,  is  vice  president  of  Viauville  Lands, 
Ltd.,  president  of  the  Star  Realty  Company,  president  of  the  Compagnie  Im- 
mobiliere  d'Outre-Mer,  president  of  the  Canadian  Siegwart  Beam  Company  of 
Three  Rivers,  vice  president  of  the  New  Ontario  i)\\  &  Gas  Company,  Ltd., 
president  of  the  Societe  de  Construction  Lafontaine,  president  of  the  executive 
hoard  of  the  General  Animals  Insurance  Company,  president  Tlmmoljiliere  du 
Canada,  vice  president  of  the  France-Canada  Company,  president  of  St,  Francis- 
Valley  Railway  Company  and  president  of  the  St.  Francis  Construction  Company, 
This  recital  of  his  connections  indicates  clearly  the  breadth  of  his  interests  and 
of  his  capabilities.  In  various  companies  he  is  liending  his  energies  to  adminis- 
trative direction  and  executive  control  and  he  possesses  notable  power  in 
unifying  and  coordinating  seemingly  diverse  elements  into  a  harmonious  and 
resultant  whole.  His  opinion  upon  complex  and  involved  financial  problems 
is  ever  accepted  with  respect  and  consideration  by  those  well  qualified  to  judge 
thereof.     He  is  the  vice  president   of  the  General  Trust  Com|iany  of  Canada, 


ALBERT  P.  I'KICOX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  289 

president   of   Coniite   de    Surveillance   Caisse   Nationale   d'Economie   and   is   a 
member  of  the  board  of  La  Chambre  de  Commerce  of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Frigon's  activities  also  extend  to  various  public  interests  which  have 
no  bearing  upon  his  individual  prosperity  but  arise  from  a  deep  interest  in  the 
general  welfare.  He  votes  with  the  liberal  party  but  takes  no  active  part  in 
politics.  He  is  a  gouverneur  a  vie  de  I'Hopital  Notre  Dame  and  he  belongs  to 
Societe  St.  Jean  Baptiste.  He  is  also  a  Knight  of  Columbus  and  one  of  the 
most  sincere,  earnest  and  enthusiastic  workers  of  the  order,  in  which  he  has 
held  a  number  of  offices.  His  religious  faith  is  indicated  in  the  fact  liiat  he  is 
a  past  president  of  a  number  of  Roman  Catholic  societies.  Along  more  strictly 
social  lines  he  is  connected  with  the  St.  Denis  and  Canadian  Clubs.  Of  the  former 
he  is  a  life  member  and  has  also  been  a  life  member  since  1901  of  the  Mon- 
treal Amateur  Athletic  Association.  He  is  an  honorary  member  of  the 
Sixty-fifth  Regiment.  His  official  municipal  service  has  been  that  of  mayor  of 
the  new  village  of  Sault  au  Recollet,  to  which  office  he  was  called  in  February, 
1910,  and  as  school  commissioner  of  the  same  village,  to  which  position  he  was 
chosen  in  August,  1913. 

On  the  iSth  of  April,  1898,  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Frigon  was  married  to  Miss 
Malvina  Perreault,  a  daughter  of  Jeremie  and  Victoria  (Saint  Dizier)  Per- 
reault,  both  of  whom  are  now  deceased.  '  Her  father  was  for  a  term  of  years 
alderman  of  the  city  of  Montreal  and  president  of  r.\ssociation  St.  Jean  Bap- 
tiste of  Montreal.  For  thirty  years  he  conducted  business  here  as  a  dry-goods 
merchant.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Frigon  are  the  parents  of  two  children:  Jeanne,  born 
in  Montreal  on  the  12th  of  February,  1899;  and  Germaine,  on  the  12th  of  No- 
vember, 1900. 

Mr.  Frigon  is  a  most  enthusiastic  supporter  of  his  native  city,  in  which  his 
entire  life  has  been  passed,  taking  keen  interest  in  its  progress  and  having  firm 
belief  in  the  great  future.  He  has  been  an  untiring  worker  for  the  construction 
of  the  Georgian  Bay  canal,  acting  as  president  of  the  special  commission  ap- 
pointed by  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  Montreal  to  take  charge  of  that  project. 
In  all  of  his  public  as  well  as  his  private  connections  he  has  been  a  man  of 
action  rather  than  of  theory,  formulating  his  plans  carefully  and  carrying  them 
forward  to  successful  termination. 


HUGH  MACKAY. 


On  the  list  of  Montreal's  lawyers  appears  the  name  of  Hugh  Mackay,  who 
in  1913,  was  created  king's  counsel.  His  practice  covers  a  period  of  fourteen 
years,  in  which  he  has  made  continuous  advancement.  He  was  born  in  Montreal 
in  1875,  a  son  of  the  Hon.  Robert  Mackay.  His  early  educational  opportunities 
were  supplemented  by  a  course  in  McGill,  where  he  was  graduated  in  1900,  with 
the  B.  C.  L.  degree.  He  has  since  practiced  as  an  advocate  in  his  native  city,  and 
his  professional  career  has  been  one  of  growing  success,  a  liberal  and  distinct- 
ively representative  clientage  being  now  accorded  him. 

Mr.  Mackay  was  married  in  1903  in  Montreal  to  Miss  Isabel,  a  daughter  of 
J.  N.  Greenshield,  K.  C. 


290  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Mr.  Mackay's  military  history  covers  service  as  a  captain  of  the  Royal  High- 
landers, and  he  is  widely  and  favorably  known  in  military,  professional  and  social 
circles,  having  many  warm  friends  in  this  city  where  his  entire  life  has  been 
passed. 


ANDRE  ODORIE  RONDEAU. 

Capable,  earnest  and  conscientious,  and  well  versed  in  the  knowledge  of  the 
law,  Andre  Odorie  Rondeau  enjoys  a  large  practice,  especially  among  the  French 
citizenship  of  Montreal,  ably  representing  valuable  French  interests  in  the  local 
courts.  A  man  of  sound  judgment  and  logical  reasoning,  he  readily  discerns  the 
moving  factor  in  any  legal  situation  and  presents  his  views  and  conclusions  so 
concisely  that  he  seldom  fails  to  convince  court  or  jury.  He  is  gifted  with  all  the 
qualities  of  which  a  lawyer  may  be  proud  and  has  a  deep  insight  into  human 
nature,  understanding  the  springs  of  human  conduct,  which  qualities  assist  him 
in  his  work.  As  the  years  have  passed  he  has  come  more  and  more  to  the  fore  in 
his  profession  and  is  now  recognized  as  an  authority  upon  many  subjects  of 
the  law. 

Born  at  St.  Marcel,  in  the  county  of  Richelieu,  on  the  8th  of  June,  1876, 
Andre  O.  Rondeau  is  the  son  of  Louis  Rondeau,  a  successful  agriculturist,  who 
was  born  in  the  county  of  Berthier,  and  Lucie  (Ouellette)  Rondeau,  a  daughter  of 
Godefroy  Ouellette,  born  in  St.  Ours,  in  the  county  of  Richelieu.  Both  parents 
are  highly  respected  in  their  locality.  The  earliest  record  of  the  Rondeau  family 
goes  back  to  one  Pierre  Rondeau,  a  son  of  Jean,  who  married  Catherine  Verrier 
on  September  30,  1669,  at  Ste.  Famille,  and  had  a  large  family.  Another  of  these 
early  records  mentions  Jacques  Rondeau,  born  in  1663,  who  married  Franqoise 
Beaudry  at  Trois  Rivieres  on  November  6,  1691,  and  had  a  family  of  seven 
children. 

Andre  O.  Rondeau  after  acquiring  his  preliminary  education  attended  a  com- 
mercial college  at  St.  Aime  and  the  pre])aratory  seminary  of  Ste.  Marie  de  Mon- 
noir,  from  which  he  obtained  his  bachelor's  degree.  He  received  his  law  diploma 
from  Laval  L'niversity  of  Montreal,  after  having  studied  for  two  years  at  St. 
Hyacinthe  under  the  su])ervision  of  Rlanchet  iS:  Chicoine,  well  known  barristers. 
Since  Mr.  Rondeau  has  joined  the  legal  fraternity  of  Montreal  he  has  made  great 
strides  towards  success,  having  left  the  ranks  of  the  many  and  joined  those  of 
the  successful  few.  He  is  skillful  in  the  presentation  of  his  evidence,  shows 
marked  ability  in  cross-examination,  persuasiveness  before  the  jury  and  has  a 
strong  grasp  of  every  feature  of  the  case  in  hand.  While  his  learning  never 
intrudes  itself  when  uncalled  for  and  he  makes  no  display  thereof,  it  comes  into 
requisition  when  wanted.  He  is  a  man  who  exemplifies  in  his  conduct  the  lofty 
ideals  of  his  nation  and  noble  calling  and  he  honors  his  profession  by  paying  it 
honor  and  by  his  adherence  to  the  solid  virtues  and  enlightened  principles  under- 
lying the  law.  It  is  his  ambition  to  make  his  native  talent  subserve  the  demands 
of  the  social  and  business  conditions  of  the  day  and  he  stands  today  as  a  splendid 
representative  of  a  lawyer  to  whom  personal  prosperity  is  secondary  in.  imi)or- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  291 

tance  to  the  i)ublic  welfare  and  less  vital  than  many  other  elements  which  go  to 
make  up  hnnian  existence. 

On  June  29,  1908,  at  Montreal,  at  the  church  of  St.  Jacques,  Mr.  Rondeau  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Rose  LUanche  Trudeau,  a  daughter  of  Louis  Mapoleon 
Trudeau,  a  well  known  dentist.  The  religious  affiliations  of  Mr.  and  Mrs, 
Rondeau  are  with  the  Catholic  church.  In  his  political  views  he  was  during  his 
earlier  years  a  liberal  but  since  190O  has  endorsed  the  nationalist  movement  as 
he  is  in  sympathy  with  their  ideas.  Outside  of  his  profession  he  has  had  impor- 
tant interests  and  is  the  builder  of  the  Boulevard  Trudeau  and  Rondeau,  in  the 
Prairie  River  district,  which  leads  through  lots  Nos.  16  and  17.  He  was  one  of 
the  founders  and  also  one  of  the  first  directors  of  La  Cie  Zootechnique  de  La- 
belle,  Limitee,  at  Macaza,  P.  Q.,  which  has  for  its  purpose  the  raising  of  fur- 
bearing  animals.  Mr.  Rondeau  is  highly  respected  in  Montreal  as  an  able  law- 
yer and  as  a  citizen  of  public  worth  and  is  especially  popular  and  influential  with 
the  French,  of  which  race  he  is  an  able  representative  in  this  city. 


SAMUEL  COTTINGHAM  STEVENSON. 

There  was  no  man  to  whom  the  success  of  Canadian  expositions  and  exhibi- 
tions was  more  largely  attributable  than  to  Samuel  C.  Stevenson,  who  as  a  com- 
missioner, represented  his  province  and  country  in  connection  with  a  number  of 
leading  affairs  of  this  kind  on  the  continent.  He  was  born  in  Montreal  in  1848 
and  came  of  Scotch  ancestry,  being  a  son  of  James  Stevenson,  a  native  of  Scot- 
land, who  after  his  arrival  in  Canada  was  identified  with  shipping  interests,  own- 
ing a  number  of  boats.  His  wife  was,  in  her  maidenhood.  Miss  Elizabeth 
Cottingham. 

Their  son,  Samuel  C.  Stevenson,  pursued  a  high-school  course  and  in  1872 
was  granted  his  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  at  McGill.  He  was  assistant  secretary 
to  the  first  large  provincial  exhibition  and  was  identified  with  all  the  expositions 
of  the  province  from  that  time  until  his  death.  When  the  first  one  was  held  at 
Mile  End,  he  was  given  entire  charge  of  the  industrial  department.  In  1876  he 
was  appointed  a  commissioner  of  the  province  of  Quebec  to  the  great  Centennial 
Exposition  held  in  Philadelphia  and  in  1877  when  a  permanent  exposition  com- 
mittee was  appointed  for  the  province,  he  was  made  its  secretary  for  the  industrial 
department  and  held  that  position  until  the  organization  of  the  Montreal  Exposi- 
tion Company  in  1889.  He  was  chief  organizer  and  manager  of  all  the  important 
expositions  that  were  held  in  Montreal  from  1886  until  his  demise  and  he  repre- 
sented the  Canadian  interests  as  commissioner  for  the  province  of  Quebec  at  the 
Colonial  and  Industrial  Exhibition  in  London,  in  1886.  In  1892  he  was  appointed 
a  member  and  secretary  of  the  provincial  commission  in  connection  with  the 
World's  Columbian  Exposition  in  Chicago  and  was  secretary  of  the  council  of 
arts  and  manufacture  of  the  province  of  Quebec.  His  long  experience  enabled 
him  to  know  adequately  just  what  was  most  attractive  for  exhibition  purposes 
and  how  to  assemble  such,  and  the  success  of  Canada's  exhibits,  both  provincial 
and  at  the  international  expositions  in  the  United  States,  was  due  in  large  measure 
to  his  efforts.     He  was  a  corresponding  member  of  the   Industrial  Education 


292  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Association  of  New  York  and  a  director  of  the  Great  Northern  Railway  of 
Canada. 

Mr.  Stevenson's  military  experience  began  in  his  youth.  When  a  boy  ne 
belonged  to  the  High  School  Cadets  and  afterward  joined  the  Victoria  Kitles, 
going  to  the  front  with  his  regiment  at  the  time  of  the  Fenian  raid  of  1866.  Later 
he  received  a  commission  in  the  Prince  of  Wales  regiment  and  was  a  subaltern 
in  the  company  of  that  corps  which  was  sent  to  the  relief  of  the  force  that 
engaged  the  Fenians  at  Eccles  Hill.  He  remained  in  the  corps  until  1881,  when 
he  retired  with  the  rank  of  major.  ]\Ir.  Stevenson's  interests  and  activities  aside 
from  those  already  indicated  were  manifest  from  his  membership  in  the  An 
Association  and  in  the  Crescent  Street  church. 

At  Saugerties,  New  York.  in.  1.S7.8  Mr.  Stevenson  was  married  to  Mrs.  Ger- 
trude (Caldwell)  Bennett,  a  representative  of  a  southern  family,  that  lived  in 
\irginia  until  the  time  of  the  Civil  war  and  then  removed  to  New  York.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Stevenson  had  three  children :  James  Corliss :  Elizabeth  Lois,  the  wife 
of  Herbert  Yuile :  and  Gladys  Arnold,  the  wife  of  J.  Hal  Pangman. 

Such  is  the  record  of  Samuel  C.  Stevenson,  who  passed  away  January  2,  i8g8. 
As  a  public-spirited  citizen  he  was  widely  known.  None  questioned  his  fidelity. 
He  responded  to  every  appeal  when  it  was  needed  for  the  benefit  of  the  general 
good;  to  build  up  rather  than  to  destroy  was  his  policy  and  he  attacked  everything 
with  a  contagious  enthusiasm. 


FARQUHAR  ROBERTSON. 

The  nature  and  variety  of  his  interests  and  activities  at  once  place  Farquhar 
Robertson  among  those  citizens  whose  lives  constitute  a  most  useful  and  service- 
able force  in  bringing  about  modern  day  conditions,  progress  and  prosperity. 
While  he  is  well  known  as  a  business  man,  he  has  at  the  same  time  been  a  close 
student  of  the  sociological,  economic  and  political  questions  of  the  day,  and 
has  been  actively  allied  with  many  movements  seeking  the  betterment  of  condi- 
tions for  the  benefit  of  the  individual  physically,  intellectually  and  morally.  He 
has  also  been  connected  with  many  projects  that  promote  the  municipal  welfare, 
and  thus  his  life  has  come  to  be  one  of  great  usefulness  in  his  adopted  city. 
A  native  of  Ontario,  he  was  born  April  14,  1850,  at  North  Branch,  Glengarry, 
a  son  of  Hugh  and  Flora  (McLennan)  Robertson  and  a  brother  of  Lieutenant 
Colonel  D.  M.  Robertson,  Toronto,  Ontario.  His  education  was  acquired  in  his 
native  county  and  since  entering  upon  his  business  career,  he  has  largely  given 
his  attention  to  the  coal  trade.  In  business  aflfairs  he  carries  forward  to  success- 
ful completion  what  he  undertakes,  and  his  well  formulated  plans  are  productive 
of  far-reaching  and  beneficial  results. 

His  activities  along  other  lines  have  been  equally  broad  and  beneficial.  He 
is  identified  with  many  movements  which  seek  to  meet  and  improve  modern 
conditions,  and  to  this  end  he  is  serving  as  a  director  of  the  Parks  and  Play- 
grounds Association,  and  is  vice  president  of  the  Montreal  City  Improvement 
League.  He  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Montreal  Typhoid  Emergency  Hos- 
pital, and  is  one  of  the  managing  conmiittee  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital, 


FARQUHAR  ROBERTSOX 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  295 

a  member  of  the  committee  of  management  of  Royal  Edward  institute,  and  vice 
president  of  Victorian  Order  of  Nurses.  Mr.  Robertson  is  president  of  the 
firm  of  I-'arciuhar  Robertson,  Limited,  and  director  of  Merchants  Bank  of  Canada, 
Montreal  Trans])ortation  Company,  Canada  Cement  Company  and  the  Prudential 
Trust  Company.  He  was  president  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  in  1909, 
and  it  was  largely  due  to  his  efforts  during  his  term  of  ofifice,  that  a  change  in 
civic  administration  took  place,  to  a  board  of  commissioners. 

Air.  Robertson  represented  St.  Andrew's  ward  in  the  Montreal  city  council 
for  six  years  and  was  the  council's  representative  on  the  Protestant  board  of 
school  commissioners  for  the  same  period. 

Mr.  Robertson  married  Miss  Flora  Craig,  daughter  of  the  late  James  Craig, 
M.  P.  P.,  (jlengarry.  They  reside  at  No.  30  Ontario  avenue.  Montreal.  They 
are  Presbyterians  in  religion. 

While  not  an  office  seeker  in  politics  (in  which  he  is  a  conservative),  in  the 
uslially  accepted  sense  of  the  term,  he  is  deeply  interested  in  all  that  pertains  to 
the  public  welfare,  and  the  present  government  thought  fit  to  appoint  him  as 
one  of  the  present  harbor  commission. 

Mr.  Robertson  is  president  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society  of  Montreal.  He  is 
well  known  in  club  circles,  being  a  member  of  St.  James,  Montreal,  Montreal  Hunt 
and  Outremont  Golf  Clubs,  and  life  member  of  The  Caledonian  Societv  and 
Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  .Association.  His  recreation  is  devoted  to  curling  and 
farming. 


JOHN  ALLAN. 


John  Allan  was  a  splendid  example  of  what  industry  and  determination  will 
accomplish  for  a  man.  Born  in  Strathmiglo,  Scotland,  on  the  28th  of  November, 
1863,  a  son  of  David  and  Christian  (Roy)  Allan,  he  became  one  of  the  successful 
merchants  of  Montreal,  dealing  in  clothing,  hats,  caps  and  men's  furnishings.  He 
was  educated  in  the  schools  of  his  native  country  and  when  eighteen  years  of  age 
crossed  the  Atlantic  to  Canada,  making  his  way  to  Montreal,  where  he  entered 
the  employ  of  Henry  Morgan  &  Company.  After  some  time  spent  with  that 
house  he  joined  his  brother,  Robert  Allan,  who  w'as  engaged  in  the  bottling  of 
ginger  ale.  Subsequently  lie  embarked  in  business  on  his  own  account  on  Craig 
street  in  a  small  way,  ha\ing  a  limited  line  of  clothing,  hats,  caj)s  and  men's  fur- 
nishings. He  closely  applied  himself  to  the  development  of  the  trade  and  in  that 
connection  steadily  worked  his  way  upward,  his  patronage  increasing  as  the  years 
went  by  until  he  won  a  substantial  measure  of  success.  He  was  truly  a  self-made 
man,  ha\ing  been  both  the  architect  and  builder  of  his  own  fortunes  and  his 
record  proved  what  may  be  accomplished  when  determination  and  energy  point 
out  the  way. 

Mr.  Allan  was  married  in  Cupar,  Scotland,  in  1894,  to  Maria  Isabella  Hood, 
a  native  of  that  place  and  a  daughter  of  Robert  and  Agnes  (Moncrief)  Hood, 
and  they  became  parents  of  five  children,  John  Roy,  Agnes  Isabelle,  Robert  Bruce, 
Douglas  Hood  and  Malcolm  Moncrief.  Mr.  Allan  enjoyed  curling  as  a  recreation 
and  his  more  serious  interests  were  represented  in  membership  in  the  Masonic 


296  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

fraternity  and  in  Knox  church.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association  for  many  years  and  took  a  deep  interest  in  its  affairs.  His  death 
occurred  January  ii,  1912,  and  thus  was  ended  a  life  of  activity  and  usefulness. 
He  had  made  good  use  of  his  time  and  opportunities  and  had  proved  that  pros- 
perity and  an  honored  name  may  be  gained  simultaneously. 


REV.  JOSEPH   LEONIDAS   DESJARDINS. 

Rev.  Joseph  Leonidas  Desjardins,  secretary  general  of  Laval  University  at 
Montreal  since  September  14,  1907,  was  born  at  Ste.  Therese,  in  the  county  of 
Terrebonne,  on  the  27th  of  November.  1880,  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Odile  (Boileau) 
Desjardins,  the  former  of  whom  followed  agricultural  pursuits.  The  son  pursued 
his  early  studies  in  the  Seminary  of  Ste.  Therese  and  in  the  Grand  Seminary  of 
Montreal.  His  determination  to  prepare  for  the  priesthood,  followed  by  a  thor- 
ough course  of  study,  led  to  his  ordination  by  Monsignor  P.  La  Rocque  on  the 
3d  of  July,  1904.  His  time  and  energies  have  ever  since  been  devoted  to  educa- 
tional service  save  for  a  period  which  he  devoted  to  further  study.  Following 
his  ordination  he  became  a  professor  in  the  Seminary  of  Ste.  Therese,  where  he 
remained  during  1904  and  1905.  The  following  year  he  went  abroad  for  further 
study  in  Rome,  where  he  remained  from  1905  until  1907,  winning  the  degree  of 
Doctor  of  Theology.  Following  his  return  to  the  new  world  he'  entered  again 
upon  active  connection  with  educational  interests  as  secretary  general  of  Laval 
University  at  Montreal,  being  appointed  to  his  present  position  on  the  14th  of 
September,  1907.  In  his  life  work  mental  and  moral  instruction  go  hand  in 
hand,  and  his  efforts  constitute  an  important  element  not  only  in  the  upbuilding 
of  character  among  individual  students  but  also  in  the  extension  of  Catholic 
teachings  and  influence. 


HIRSCH  COHEN. 


Hirsch  Cohen,  most  actively  identified  with  the  educational  and  moral  progress 
of  the  Jewish  people  in  Montreal,  may  point  with  justifiable  pride  to  various 
schools  and  synagogues  which  have  been  established  through  his  instrumentality. 
A  Russian  by  birth,  his  natal  day  was  in  April,  1863,  his  parents  being  Hircom 
and  Sarah  Cohen,  both  of  whom  have  now  passed  away,  the  latter  dying  in  1896 
and  the  former  in  191 1  at  a  ripe  old  age,  being  over  ninety  years  old.  Liberal 
educational  advantages  constituted  the  foundation  for  the  important  and  far- 
reaching  life  work  of  Hirsch  Cohen  who  was  educated  in  a  Hebrew  college  in 
Russia.  The  year  1890  witnessed  his  arrival  in  Montreal,  since  which  time  he 
has  been  active  in  promoting  work  among  the  people  of  his  own  faith.  He  has 
established  eight  synagogues,  including  one  in  T-achine  and  one  in  the  city  of 
Quebec.  At  that  period  the  peo[)le  of  his  faith  could  not  stand  the  regular 
tithing  system  and  there  were  only  a  few  small  synagogues  to  carry  on  the  work 
among  the  Hebrew  people.     Pro.'^perity,  however,  has  come  to  many  and  a  fair 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  297 

degree  of  success  to  others  and  as  they  have  prospered  they  liave  contributed 
to  the  work  of  intellectual  and  moral  progress  with  a  result  that  there  are  today 
a  number  of  large  congregations  and  various  smaller  ones,  each  an  active  force 
in  promoting  the  moral  development  of  the  Hebrew  people.  Mr.  Cohen  has  been 
a  leader  in  this  work  and  he  is  also  a  director  on  the  school  board  of  the  Baron 
de  Hirsch  Institute.  For  the  past  seven  years  he  has  been  acting  as  chaplain  for 
the  Jewish  prisoners  in  the  province  of  Quebec.  He  is  chairman  of  various 
Hebrew  schools  in  the  city  and  has  been  practically  the  founder  of  them  all  and 
in  the  meantime  has  established  places  of  study  where  adult  ITeljrews  can  acquaint 
themselves  with  various  lines  of  knowledge.  He  has  founded  three  different  syna- 
gogues in  Montreal  since  his  arrival  and  another  important  branch  of  his  work  has 
been  the  care  which  he  has  given  to  newcomers  during  the  periods  of  largest 
immigrations  to  Canada  among  the  Hebrew  people.  Moreover,  he  has  taken  a 
most  active  and  helpful  part  in  bringing  about  the  amalgamation  of  the  charitable 
institutions  of  the  Jewish  people  into  a  coordinate  whole.  He  has  seemed  to  neg- 
lect no  line  of  effort  that  contributes  to  the  welfare  of  people  of  his  faith.  It 
was  through  his  instrumentality  that  all  Jewish  slaughter  houses  were  brought 
under  the  required  supervision.  He  was  one  of  those  who  took  part  in  the  organ- 
ization of  the  Free  Loan  Association,  and  he  was  one  who  aided  in  establishing 
the  Jewish  Daily  Eagle,  to  the  columns  of  which  he  makes  frequent  and  welcome 
contributions.  He  is  one  of  the  officers  in  the  Zionist  movement  and  one  of  the 
officers  in  the  Association  of  Orthodox  Rabbis  of  the  United  States  and  Canada, 
in  which,  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  executive  committee. 

Mr.  Cohen's  first  wife  was  Miss  Sarah  First,  whom  he  married  in  1888, 
and  their  children  were  Mrs.  Annie  Presnau,  Mary,  Julius,.  Ethel,  Goldie  and 
Lazarus.  In  1913  he  married  Leah  Xochumofsky.  It  would  be  difficult  to  deter- 
mine how  important  has  been  the  life  work  of  Hirsch  Cohen,  for  there  is  no 
standard  whereby  to  judge  influence,  especially  when  it  is  exerted  along  lines 
of  intellectual  and  moral  progress.  His  worth,  however,  is  widely  recognized, 
not  only  by  those  of  his  own  faith,  but  also  by  the  Gentiles  who  respect  him  as 
a  man  and  honor  him  for  his  loyalty  to  his  belief  and  for  his  great  work  in  behalf 
of  his  cause. 


HARRY  BLOOMFIELD. 

A  prominent  representative  of  the  Jewish  element  in  the  citizenship  of  Mon- 
treal is  Harry  Bloomfield,  a  partner  in  the  well  known  wholesale  jewelry  firm- of 
Bloomfield  Brothers.  He  is  largely  regarded  as  a  representative  business  man. 
enterprising,  progressive,  alert  and  energetic.  He  was  born  in  Montreal  in  1879,  a 
son  of  Baruch  Bloomfield,  a  scholar  and  educator  who  for  many  years  resided  in 
Montreal  and  enjoyed  the  respect  of  all  who  knew  him.  It  was  in  the  schools  of 
this  city  that  Harry  Bloomfield  pursued  his  education  and  after  entering  business 
circles  he  traveled  for  the  American  Clock  Company  of  New  York  for  five  and 
a  half  years,  in  which  he  gained  much  valuable  experience  concerning  business 
methods  and  procedure.  On  the  expiration  of  that  period  he  entered  the  employ 
of  the  Canadian  jewelry  house  of   Pinfort  &  Company,  whom   he  represented 


298  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

upon  the  road  as  a  traveling  salesman  for  another  period  of  five  and  a  half 
years.  All  during  this  time  he  was  ambitious  to  engage  in  business  on  his  own 
account,  and  in  1904  he  saw  the  realization  of  his  hopes,  for  in  that  year  he  was 
the  organizer  of  the  firm  of  Bloomfield  Brothers,  wholesale  jewelers.  Through 
the  intervening  period  the  business  has  steadily  grown  and  developed  under  the 
careful  guidance  and  management  of  its  proprietors  who  are  energetic,  progress- 
ive young  men,  realizing  and  utilizing  their  opportunities.  They  carry  a  large 
and  carefully  selected  line  of  jewelry,  and  their  trade  is  growing  year  by  year, 
having  already  reached  extensive  and  profitable  proportions. 

On  the  /th  of  June.  1905,  Mr.  Bloomfield  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss 
Sadie  Davies,  a  daughter  of  IMorton  Davies  of  New  York,  and  their  children  are 
Bernard,  Louis,  Dorothy  and  Florence.  Mr.  Bloomfield  has  been  somewhat 
active  in  connection  with  civic  affairs.  He  was  made  justice  of  the  peace  for 
the  city  and  district  of  Montreal,  October  12,  1904,  and  he  was  twice  a  candi- 
date in  St.  Lawrence  ward  in  conservative  interests  as  M.  P.  P. 

He  is  identified  with  a  number  of  social  and  fraternal  organizations,  for 
beside  being  president  of  the  Independent  \'oters  League  he  is  a  director  of  the 
Baron  de  Hirsch  Listitute,  a  director  of  the  Hebrew  Sheltering  Home,  a  director 
of  the  Montefiore  Club  and  president  of  the  DTsraeli  Conservative  Club.  At 
the  time  of  the  ritual  murder  charge  against  Mendel  Beiliss  six  judges  were 
appointed  by  the  Jewish  citizens  to  forward  a  protest  to  the  governor  general  and 
Mr.  Bloomfield  was  appointed  as  one  of  the  judges.  He  is  a  high  type  of  young 
Jewish  manhood  in  Montreal  and  is  rapidly  winning  for  himself  An  enviable  posi- 
tion in  business  circles. 


JOHN  BRADFORD  McCONNELL,  M.  D.,  D.  C.  L. 

Dr.  John  Bradford  McConnell,  an  able  educator  in  the  field  of  medical  science 
and  actively  engaged  in  hospital  and  .private  practice,  was  born  at  Chatham, 
Quebec,  August  28,  1851,  a  son  of  the  late  Andrew  and  Martha  Jane  (Bradford) 
McConnell,  of  Lachute,  Quebec.  In  the  acc]uirement  of  his  education  he  became 
a  student  at  Dr.  Wanless' Academy  at  Carillon,  Quebec,  and  ultimately  graduated 
from  McGill  University  with  the  degrees  of  M.  D.,  C.  M.  in  1873.  Still  not  con- 
tent with  the  opportunities  that  had  already  been  his  for  preparation  for  the 
medical  profession,  he  went  abroad  and  did  post-graduate  work  in  Berlin  under 
Professor  Koch.  From  the  outset  his  professional  career  has  been  marked  by 
advancement  and  constantly  expanding  powers  have  enabled  him  to  successfully 
control  and  check  disease  when  others  of  less  thorough  training  or  of  minor  devo- 
tion to  the  profession  would  have  failed.  His  high  standing  is  indicated  in  the  fact 
that  Bishop's  College  of  Lennoxville  selected  him  for  the  honor  of  receiving  the 
D.  C.  L.  degree  in  1905.  He  has  long  been  eminent  in  the  field  of  medical  educa- 
tion and  was  vice  president  of  the  College  of  Physicians  and  Surgeons,  while  for 
many  years  he  was  a  professor  on  the  medical  faculty  of  Bishop's  College.  He  has 
successively  occupied  the  chairs  of  professor  of  botany,  professor  of  materia 
medica,  professor  of  pathology,  professor  of  medicine  and  of  clinical  medicine, 
and  was  vice  dean  for  a  number  of  years  and  was  acting  dean  in  1905,  when  the 


€. 


.-^  c^ 


■0*' 


UK.  .lUllN   U.  .McLUXXKLL 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  301 

medical  faculty  was  amalgamated  with  McGill  University,  so  tiiat  his  name  is 
inseparably  associated  with  Bishop's  College  and  the  high  rank  it  has  attained. 
Dr.  McConnell  has  also  been  a  member  of  the  staff  of  the  Western  Hospital  since 
its  establishment  and  is  medical  examiner  for  the  Aetna  and  the  Mutual  Life 
Insurance  Companies.  He  was  for  several  years  editor  of  the  Canada  Medical 
Record.  Lie  has  written  extensively  on  medical  subjects  and  his  opinions  elicit 
attention,  admiration  and  consideration  whenever  publicly  expressed. 

Aside  from  the  strict  path  of  the  profession  Dr.  McConnell  has  been  active  and 
is  now  a  senator  of  the  Wesleyan  Theological  College  of  Montreal.  He  also  has 
an  interesting  military  chapter  in  his  life  record,  having  from  1875  until  1884 
served  as  assistant  surgeon  of  the  First  Prince  of  Wales  Regiment.  In  1875  he 
married  Miss  Theodora  Lovell,  daughter  of  the  late  Robert  Miller,  of  Montreal. 
Dr.  McConnell  is  yet  in  the  prime  of  life.  He  has  not  reached  the  zenith  of  his 
powers,  which  are  constantly  unfolding  and  developing.  He  keeps  in  the  van- 
gaurd  of  those  to  whom  science  is  revealing  its  secrets  as  the  result  of  careful 
investigation  and  wide  research,  and  the  broader  knowledge  which  each  year 
brings  is  familiar  to  him. 


JOHN  GEORGE  ADAMI. 

Dr.  John  George  Adami,  scientist,  educationist  and  author  whose  eminent 
position  in  his  profession  was  indicated  in  his  election  to  the  presidency  of  the 
Association  of  American  Physicians  in  191 1,  was  born  in  Mainchester,  England, 
January  12,  1862,  a  son  of  the  late  John  George  Adami  of  Manchester  and  Ashton- 
upon-Mersey,  Cheshire.  The  mother  of  Dr.  Adami,  who  in  her  maidenhood 
was  Sarah  Ann  Ellis  Leech,  was  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Leech  of  Urmston,  Lan- 
cashire, and  a  sister  of  the  late  Sir  Bosdin  Leech,  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Manchester  Ship  Canal,  while  another  brother  was  Professor  Leech,  a  leading 
member  of  the  staiT  of  Owen's  College  and  the  Manchester  Medical  School. 

Dr.  Adami  began  his  more  advanced  schooling  when  he  entered  Owen's  Col- 
lege, Manchester,  and  in  1880  entered  Christ's  College,  Cambridge,  becoming 
a  scholar  of  the  same  and  in  1882  gaining  a  first  class  in  the  first  part  of  the 
Natural  Science  Tripos  f.ollowed  in  1884  by  a  first  class  in  the  second  part  of 
the  same  tripos.  Following  upon  this  he  spent  eight  months  in  physiological 
research  at  Breslau,  Germany,  under  the  distinguished  physiologist  Fleidenhain. 
In  1885,  Dr.  Adami  was  awarded  the  Darwin  prize  of  his  college,  for  original 
research.  The  Master  of  Arts  degree  was  conferred  tipon  him  in  1887,  and  with 
the  completion  of  the  course  of  medicine  at  Manchester  in  this  year,  he  was 
appointed  house  physician  at  the  Manchester  Royal  Infirmary,  following  upon 
which  he  was  called  to  Cambridge  to  become  demonstrator  of  pathology  under 
Professor  Roy. 

In  1890,  he  was  appointed  to  the  John  Lucas  Walker  studentship  of  pathology 
in  the  University  of  Cambridge,  and  went  to  Paris  for  bacteriological  research 
in  the  Institute  Pasteur,  under  Professor  Metchnikoff.  He  won  his  M.  D.  degree 
in  1891,  and  in  the  same  year  was  elected  a  fellow  of  Jesus  College. 


302  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

The  following  year  he  was  called  to  Montreal,  as  professor  of  pathology  in 
McGill  University,  and  his  continued  success  in  research  work,  in  practice  and  in 
the  educational  held,  led  to  various  degrees  and  honors  being  conferred  upon 
him.  In  1898,  AIcGill  conferred  upon  him  the  degrees  of  M.  A.  and  ^^I.  B. 
Ad  Eund. 

The  University  of  Xew  Brunswick  honored  him  with  the  LL.  D.  degree  in 
1900,  the  University  of  Toronto  conferring  the  same  degree  in  191 1,  while 
in  1912  he  received  the  Sc.  D.  of  Trinity  College,  Dublin.  He  had  previously,  in 
1905,  been  elected  a  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society.  He  is  also  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Societies  of  Edinburgh  and  Canada.  In  February,  1914,  the  Fothergillian 
medal  of  the  Medical  Society  of  London  was  awarded  to  Dr.  Adami  for  his 
"work  on  Pathology  in  its  application  to  practical  medicine  and  surgery."  The 
Fothergillian  gold  medal  was  first  awarded  in  1787  and  now  is  given  every 
third  year. 

It  would  be  tautological  in  this  connection  to  enter  into  any  series  of  state- 
ments showing  him  to  be  a  man  of  scholarly  attainments,  for  this  has  been 
shadowed  forth  between  the  lines  of  this  review  in  the  work  that  he  has  per- 
formed as  an  investigator  and  in  the  honors  which  have  been  conferred  upon  him. 

He  is  perhaps  even  better  known  in  the  field  of  authorship  than  in  educational 
circles.  The  work  by  which  he  is  most  widely  known  is  his  "Principles  of  Path- 
ology" in  two  volumes  (the  second  in  connection  with  Professor  A.  G.  Nicholls 
of   McGill). 

Dr.  Adami  has  written  various  papers  on  pathological  subjects  which  have 
appeared  in  a  number  of  the  leading  medical  journals  in  England  and  America 
and  have  also  been  translated  into  French.  His  smaller  text-book  upon  pathology 
\Vritten  along  with  Dr.  John  McCrae,  is  being  translated  into  Chinese. 

That  his  activities  have  not  been  solely  in  the  path  of  his  profession  are  indi- 
cated by  not  a  few  addresses  he  has  delivered  on  biographical  and  literary  sub- 
jects. He  stands  prominently  with  those  men  of  broad  humanitarian  principles 
and  high  scientific  attainment  who  are  doing  everything  in  their  power  to  pre- 
vent the  spread  of  disease  and  educate  the  people  to  a  knowledge  of  preventive 
methods  and  sanitary  conditions. 

He  presided  at  one  of  the  meetings  of  the  International  Tuberculosis  Con- 
gress held  in  Washington  in  1908,  and  was  one  of  the  promoters  of  the  Royal 
Edward  Tuberculosis  Institute  in  1909.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Royal  Com- 
mission, of  the  province  of  Quebec,  re  spread  of  tuberculosis  in  1909,  and  in 
that  same  year  became  president  of  the  Canada  Association  for  the  Prevention 
of  Tuberculosis,  being  reelected  for  three  years  in  succession.  In  191 1  he  was 
honored  with  election  to  the  presidency  of  the  Association  of  .American  Physi- 
cians. He  has  been  president  of  the  local  Medico-Chirurgical  Society  anfl  is  a 
joint  secretary  of  the  X'ictorian  Order  of  Nurses.  In  1899  'i*^  ^^''i*  president  of 
the  Montreal  branch  of  the  British  Medical  Association  and  was  president  of  the 
pathological  section  of  that  organization  at  the  meeting  in  Toronto  in  1905.  He 
was  a  vice  president  of  the  section  f)f  ])athology  at  the  International  Congress  of 
Medicine,  London,  191 3. 

lie  has  been  offered  many  prominent  positions  in  the  educational  field  both 
in  England  and  the  United  .States,  but  has  jireferred  to  remain  in  Montreal,  recog- 
nizing that  he  has  a  broad  field  of  labor  in  this  city. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  mi 

His  teaching  ranks  him  as  one  of  the  foremost  educators  of  the  land,  and  in 
the  class  room  he  enthuses  his  pupils  with  much  of  the  high  idealism  which  has 
always  characterized  his  professional  connections. 

Aside  from  all  of  these  activities  and  interests,  bearing  upon  the  practice  and 
science  of  medicine.  Dr.  Adami  was  chosen  president  of  the  City  Improvement 
League  in  1909,  and  was  elected  vice  president  of  the  University  Club  in  the 
same  year.  He  holds  membership  in  the  St.  James  Club,  and  in  the  Savile  Club 
of  London. 

Dr.  Adami  was  married  in  1894,  to  Mary  Stuart,  a  daughter  of  James  A. 
Cantlie  of  Montreal,  and  a  niece  of  Lord  Mount  Stephen.  Their  residence.  No. 
34  Macgregor  avenue,  is  one  of  Montreal's  attractive  homes,  while  the  family 
arc  well  known  in  the  best  social  circles  of  the  city.  The  Herald  has  said  of  Dr. 
Adami ;  "Endowed  with  youth,  energy  and  enthusiasm,  his  investigations  have 
been  important  and  of  great  benefit  to  mankind."  His  name  in  connection  with 
his  professional  ability  and  research  work  is  known  not  only  throughout  the 
American  continent  but  in  many  educational  centers  of  Europe,  as  his  authorship 
has  made  him  known  to  the  profession. 


RODOLPHE  MONTY,  K.  C. 

Since  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1897  Rodolphe  Monty  has  continuously  and  suc- 
cessfully practiced  in  Montreal,  advancing  step  by  step  to  the  position  which  he 
now  occupies  as  one  of  the  able  representatives  of  the  legal  profession  in  this 
city.  He  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Monty  &  Duranleau  and  their  clientage  is  of 
an  extensive  and  important  character.  Montreal  claims  ]\Ir.  Monty  as  a  native 
son.  He  was  born  November  30,  1874,  and  in  the  acquirement  of  his  education 
attended  Ste.  ^larie  de  Monnoir  College,  McGill  University  and  Laval  Univer- 
sity, his  classical  course  winning  for  him  the  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree,  while  his 
professional  course  gained  for  him  the  degree  of  LL.  L.  In  January,  1897,  he 
was  called  to  the  bar  and  at  once  entered  u]5on  the  active  practice  of  a  profession 
for  which  he  had  fully  prejiared.  No  dreary  novitiate  awaited  him.  He  came 
almost  immediately  into  prominence  and  in  1909  was  created  a  king's  counsel. 
He  is  now  senior  partner  of  the  firm  of  Monty  &  Duranleau,  one  of  the  strongest 
at  the  Montreal  bar.  and  the  thoroughness  and  care  with  which  he  prepares  uis 
cases  excites  the  admiration  and  surprise  of  his  contemporaries,  who  find  him 
prepared  not  only  for  attack  but  for  defense  as  well.  For  eight  years  he  has  been 
a  member  of  the  council  of  the  bar  of  Montreal  and  for  five  years  has  been 
examiner.  He  has  served  as  delegate  to  the  general  council  of  the  bar  of  the 
province  of  Quebec  for  three  years  and  as  treasurer  of  the  bar  of  Montreal  for 
two  years. 

While  pursuing  his  study  in  the  university  Mr.  ]\Ionty  was  president  of  the 
law  students  of  Laval  in  1895-6  and  at  the  same  time  was  one  of  the  most  active 
members  of  the  model  parliament  established  among  the  students.  His  eloquence 
and  skill  as  a  debater  secured  for  him  the  leadership  of  the  opposition  in  those 
early  days.  He  also  filled  the  offices  of  minister  of  railways  and  canals  and 
speaker  of  the  house.    He  is  now  governor  general  of  the  model  parliament.    He 


304  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

could  undoubtedly  win  parliamentary  honors  today  if  he  cared  to  do  so,  but, 
while  possibly  not  without  that  laudable  ambition  which  is  so  useful  as  an  incentive 
in  public  life,  he  regards  the  pursuits  of  private  life  as  in  themselves  abundaiuly 
worthy  of  his  best  efforts  and  concentrates  his  energies  upon  his  professional 
duties.  His  devotion  to  his  clients'  interests  is  proverbial  and  on  many  occasions 
he  has  proven  himself  capable  of  solving  some  of  the  most  involved  and  intricate 
problems  of  the  law.  In  politics  he  is  a  conservative,  while  socially  he  is  con- 
nected with  the  St.  Denis  Club,  the  Club  Canadien  and  the  Delormier  Club. 


THE  HON.  SIR  GEORGE  A.  DRUMMOND,  K.  C.  M.  G.,  C.  V.  O. 

Sir  George  A.  Drummond,  whose  strong  intellectual  force  gave  him  mastery 
over  the  grave  problems  which  confronted  him  as  a  member  of  parliament  and 
enabled  him  to  wisely  direct  his  individual  interests  until  success  placed  him 
among  the  most  prosperous  residents  of  Montreal,  was  bom  in  Edinburgh,  Scot- 
land, in  1829.  He  enjoyed  the  educational  opportunities  offered  by  the  high 
school  of  his  native  city  and  then  entered  the  university  in  the  Scottish  capital. 
His  laudable  ambition  and  keen  insight  into  conditions  prompted  him  to  seek 
the  advantages  offered  in  the  new  world  when  but  twenty-five  years  of  age, 
and  therefore  in  1854  he  embraced  the  opportunity  to  come  to  Canada  and 
assume  the  practical  and  technical  management  of  a  sugar  refinery  which  was 
established  in  Montreal  by  John  Redpath.  In  this  connection  the  Gazette,  at 
the  time  of  his  death,  wrote :  "The  superior  education  he  received  in  the 
institutions  of  his  native  Scotland  was  a  powerful  help  to  him  when  he  was 
called  upon  to  grapple  with  the  problems  which  demanded  solution  in  an  unde- 
veloped country  like  the  Canada  of  that  day.  When  he  became  interested  in 
the  Redpath  sugar  refinery  in  the  year  1854  he  was  perhaps  the  best  educated 
business  man  in  the  city,  and  whether  as  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Trade,  a 
commanding  figure  in  the  realm  of  banking  and  commerce,  or  in  social  life, 
he  maintained  that  scholarly  supremacy  and  distinction  which  was  willingly 
accorded  him  by  his  fellow  citizens  more  than  half  a  century  ago."- 

The  Redpath  sugar  refinery  proved  a  profitable  enterprise  from  the  begin- 
ning until  tariff'  changes  forced  the  plant  to  close  down  in  1874.  Before  resum- 
ing operations  in  that  line  in  1879,  in  which  year  he  founded  the  Canada  Sugar 
Refining  Company,  of  which  he  became  president.  Sir  George  spent  five  years 
abroad  in  study,  travel  and  recreation.  In  coimection  with  the  Canada  Sugar 
Refining  Company  he  developed  one  of  the  most  important  productive  indus- 
tries of  the  country  and  into  other  fields  extended  his  efforts  with  equal  discern- 
ment and  success.  He  became  a  director  in  the  P.ank  of  Montreal  in  1882  and 
in  1887  was  elected  vice  president  and  subsecjucntly  president,  so  continuing 
until  his  death.  He  became  president  of  the  company  owning  and  developing 
the  coal  and  iron  mines  at  Londonderry,  Nova  Scotia,  and  was  prominently 
connected  with  many  other  commercial  interests  and  projects.  He  was  prom- 
inent as  a  stockholder  and  ofticcr  in  the  Mexican  Light,  Heat  i.'v  Power  Com- 
pany and  was  a  director  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company  and  the 
Ogilvie  Milling  Company  and  vice  president  of  the  Royal  Trust  Comjoany.     He 


SIR  (iKomJK   A.   DIUM.MOXD 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  307 

was  also  largely  interested  in  tlie  Cumberland  Coal  &  Railway  Company,  and 
his  connection  extended  to  various  other  corporations  which  have  been  impor- 
tant factors  in  the  development  and  upbuilding  of  Canada's  manufacturing 
interests. 

From  the  time  that  he  became  a  resident  of  Canada  Sir  George  Drummond 
also  became  a  student  of  the  conditions  of  the  country  as  affected  by  political 
interests.  Perhaps  no  better  account  of  his  prominent  connection  with  j^olitical 
afiairs  can  be  given  than  by  quoting  from  one  of  the  local  papers,  which  wrote: 
"Though  coming  from  a  country  wedded  to  free  trade  ideas,  he  discovered  that 
new  industries  could  not  thrive  here  in  competition  with  the  advanced  and 
enterprising  industrial  activity  on  the  other  side  of  the  line.  Hence  his  early 
advocacy  of  protection,  designated  during  the  campaign  of  1878  as  the  National 
Policy.  Sir  George  Drummond  had  formed  strong  friendships  with  Sir  John  A. 
Macdonald,  Sir  Charles  Tupper  and  the  more  aggressive  leaders  of  the  con- 
servative party  as  represented  in  the  Canadian  parliament.  He  was  induced, 
much  against  his  will,  to  accept  the  party  candidature  in  Montreal  West  against 
one  of  the  most  [lopular  men  of  the  day,  Hon.  John  Young.  The  contest  will 
be  remembered  by  some  of  the  older  citizens  as  one  of  extreme  bitterness, 
although  Mr.  Drummond's  utterances  on  the  platform  were  marked  by  ability, 
force  and  breadth  of  view,  and  those  who  heard  him  during  that  campaign  of 
1872  were  not  by  any  means  surprised  when  he  developed  later  into  an  authority 
on  banking  and  finance  and  a  leader  in  the  discussion  of  matters  pertaining  to 
trade  and  commerce.  That  contest  i)receded  by  two  years  the  fall  of  the  Mac- 
donald government  and  the  acceptance  of  office  by  pronounced  free  traders. 
As  delegation  after  delegation  went  to  Ottawa,  and  were  told  by  the  finance 
minister  that  ministers  were  as  flies  on  a  whe^l  in  the  matter  of  bringing  pros- 
perity to  the  land.  Sir  George  Drummond  and  his  friends,  recruited  from  both 
of  the  old  political  parties,  started  to  organize  the  downfall  of  free  trade  in 
Canada.  It  was,  however,  when  the  victory  had  been  won  at  the  polls,  when 
Sir  Charles  Tupper's  powerful  etTorts  at  the  by-elections  in  Ontario.  Quebec  and 
Nova  Scotia  had  brought  forth  their  fruit  that  the  hardest  work  had  to  be 
done,  and  here  the  ability  of  Sir  George  came  powerfully  into  play.  Sir  Leon- 
ard Tilly  was  finance  minister.  Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell  was  in  charge  of  the 
customs  and  Sir  John  Macdonald  was  powerful  in  the  country  and  in  parlia- 
rpent.  He  had  received  a  mandate  to  bring  the  National  Policy  into  force;  but 
this  was  easier  to  say  than  to  do.  The  fiscal  and  customs  policy  of  the  country 
had  to  be  changed.  It  was  at  this  time  that  the  counsel  and  business  experience 
of  Sir  George  Drummond  were  brought  into  requisition  and  with  a  great  degree 
of  success.  Time  convinced  men  of  good-will  and  fair  mind  that  the  broad 
device  of  'Canada  for  the  Canadians'  and  'that  which  is  beneficial  to  the  manu- 
facturer will  be  equally  beneficial  to  the  consumer  and  to  the  country  at  large,' 
were  right.  Mr.  Drummond  was  not  a  conservative  during  his  active  partici- 
pation in  party  conflicts  because  of  individual  gain.  He  adhered  to  principle 
rather  than  to  party  name.  In  1888,  Sir  John  Macdonald  being  premier, 
Mr.  Drummond  was  called  to  the  senate,  and  up  to  the  time  of  his  death  was 
the  ablest  representative  of  the  mercantile  classes  in  the  upper  house  of  the 
Canadian  parliament.  As  chairman  of  the  banking  and  commerce  committee  of 
the  senate  his  word  was  as  law.     His  opinions  relating  to  matters  of  financial 


308  HISTORY  OF  3.IONTREAL 

import  were  received  without  question  by  minister  and  member  alike,  and  when 
Senator  Drummond  had  spoken  upon  a  question  of  this  kind  there  was  a  general 
consensus  of  opinion  that  little  remained  to  be  said.  It  was  by  his  mastery  of 
his  subject  and  by  his  prominence  in  all  matters  affecting  the  moneyed  interests 
of  the  Dominion  that  he  won  the  respect  of  his  fellow  legislators  at  the  capital. 
There  are  many  men  who  are  members  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  who 
look  back  to  the  days  when  Sir  George  Drummond  was  the  president  of  that 
organization  and  remember  the  manner  in  which  he  filled  that  ofifice,  the  highest 
in  the  gift  of  the  merchants  of  the  commercial  metropolis  of  the  Dominion. 
They  remember  the  high  character  of  his  addresses  and  his  wise  contributions 
to  the  deliberations  of  the  council.  It  was  accepted  as  a  matter  of  course  that 
he  should  lead  oft"  either  as  the  mover  or  the  seconder  in  any  great  question 
that  was  to  be  presented  to  the  government  or  to  the  other  colonies  or  for  the 
consideration  of  the  whole  empire.  It  was  as  director,  vice  president  and  presi- 
dent of  the  Bank  of  Montreal  that  the  citizens  of  the  financial  center  of  the 
Dominion  will  remember  Sir  George  Drummond  long.  His  ability  was  freely 
acknowledged  on  both  continents.  He  was  at  headquarters  early  and  late,  and 
his  attention  to  the  interests  of  the  bank  was  as  marked  when  the  financial 
atmosphere  was  serene  as  when  there  were  lowering  clouds  on  the  horizon. 
His  attitude  at  the  annual  bank  meetings  was  the  personification  of  tact  and 
courtesy,  and  his  able  addresses  on  such  occasions,  uttered  as  they  were  with  a 
practiced  finger  resting  upon  the  financial  and  commercial  pulse  of  the  conti- 
nent, were  read  by  Wall  Street  and  London  as  eagerly  as  by  the  public  men 
and  bankers  of  his  own  country." 

Sir  George  Drummond  was  married  twice.  In  1857  he  wedded  Helen, 
daughter  of  John  Redpath,  and  following  her  demise  he  was  married  in  1884 
to  yhs.  Grace  Julia  Hamilton,  the  widow  of  George  Hamilton  and  a  daughter 
of  A.  Davidson  Parker,  a  Montreal  pioneer.  Two  sons  of  the  first  marriage, 
Huntly  R.  and  Arthur  L.,  are  living.  The  former  succeeded  his  father  as  presi- 
dent of  the  Canada  Sugar  Refining  Company,  Ltd.,  and  is  ex-president  of  the  ' 
Montreal  Board  of  Trade;  while  the  latter  is  actively  identified  with  the  Canada 
Sugar  Refining  Company,  Ltd.  One  son,  Guy,  of  the  second  marriage,  is 
living  and  is  a  resident  of  Montreal. 

The  death  of  Sir  George  Drummond  occurred  February  2,  1910,  removing 
from  the  stage  of  Canadian  activity  one  of  its  most  prominent  and  honored 
figures.  He  was  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Rideau  Club  of  Ottawa, 
the  Reform  Club  of  London,  England,  and  the  Manhattan  Club  of  New  York. 

Sir  George  and  Lady  Drummond  were  in  entire  sympathy  in  their  benev- 
olent work.  He  was  the  founder  of  the  Home  for  Incurables  in  Montreal, 
which  was  opened  in  1894  under  the  charge  of  the  Sisters  of  St.  Margaret,  and 
Lady  Drummond  bestowed  much  care  and  thought  on  the  preparation  of  the 
interior  of  the  institution.  She  has  been  connected  with  many  societies  and 
movements  in  Montreal  that  have  to  do  with  the  betterment  of  the  people,  the 
city  or  its  conditions.  She  is  president  of  the  Montreal  Charity  Organization  and 
is  actively  connected  with  the  Victorian  Order  of  Nurses  and  with  various 
other  bodies.  She  was  also  a  member  of  the  Quebec  Tercentennial  celebra- 
tion in  1908.  She  was  the  first  president  of  the  local  branch  of  the  National 
Council  of  Women.     She  was  elected  president  of  the  Women's  Canadian  Club 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  309 

of  Montreal  for  1907-8,  and  Lady  Aberdeen  places  her  "at  the  head  of  the 
Canadian  sisterhood  for  activity  in  'promoting  all  that  is  true  and  just  and  beau- 
tiful among  women,  and  for  a  consuming  hatred  for  unrighteousness  in  every 
form.'  "  She  presented  a  silver  cup  for  competition  l)y  the  members  of  the 
Royal  Montreal  Ladies'  Golf  Club  in  1905.  Her  name  is  not  unknown  in 
literary  circles  and  among  her  writings  is  an  essay  entitled  "I'urity  of  S])eech 
and  Accent."  She  was  the  first  woman  to  speak  at  a  public  ban(|uet  in  Mont- 
real, being  thus  honored  in  icSg<S.  In  1902  Sir  George  and  Lady  Drummond 
were  presented  at  court. 

On  the  occasion  of  the  visit  of  our  present  King  and  Queen  to  Canada  as 
Duke  and  Duchess  of  Cornwall  and  York  Lady  Drummond  drew  ui)  and  pre- 
sented an  address  to  Her  Royal  Highness  on  behalf  of  the  National  Council 
of  Women  of  Canada,  while  Sir  George  Drummond  at  the  same  time  ])rescnted 
to  His  Royal  Highness  the  citizens'  commemorative  medal.  Lady  Aberdeen 
has  characterized  Lady  Drummond  as  "a  woman  of  distinguished  i^resence, 
with  great  personal  charm,  gifts  of  rare  eloquence  and  the  power  of  clothing 
her  thoughts  in  most  expressive  language."  She  is  a  member  of  the  Anglican 
church,  to  which  Sir  George  also  belonged. 

Sir  George  was  much  interested  in  agriculture  and  the  breeding  of  tine 
stock.  Huntlywood,  his  magnificent  country  place  at  Beaconsfield,  was  one  of 
the  finest  country  estates  on  the  continent.  He  took  great  pride  in  its  well  kept 
condition,  his  private  golf  links  affording  an  opportunity  for  indulgence  in 
a  recreation  that  he  was  fond  of.  He  kept  only  the  finest  live  stock  that  he 
could  procure.  His  first  Southdown  sheep  were  bred  from  stock  he  secured 
from  King  Edward.  In  live-stock  breeding  Sir  George  aimed  to  maintain  the 
same  high  standard  of  excellence  that  characterized  everything  he  did.  His 
stock  nearly  always  won  first  prize  at  the  big  stock  shows  in  Canada  and  the 
United  States,  where  he  met  in  competition  the  most  noted  breeders  of  his  day. 
Sir  George  also  maintained  a  beautiful  country  house,  Gads  Hill,  at  Cacouna, 
now  the  summer  home  of  Lady  Drummond.  He  took  a  most  deep  and  helpful 
interest  in  all  those  things  which  promote  the  aesthetic  and  moral  nature  of  the 
individual  and  which  act  as  broadening  and  uplifting  influences  in  the  lives  of 
all.  He  was  the  owner  of  one  of  the  finest  galleries  of  paintings  on  the 
American  continent  and  was  for  some  time  president  of  the  Art  Association  of 
Montreal.  It  is  said  of  him  that  he  "derived  greater  pleasure  in  pinning  a 
badge  to  the  breast  of  a  member  of  the  \'ictorian  Order  of  Xurses  and  wishing 
a  hearty  God-speed  to  that  devoted  agent  of  good  than  in  talking  in  millions 
around  the  directors'  table  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal."  He  was  a  knight  com- 
mander of  the  Order  of  St.  Michael  and  St.  George  and  his  character  and 
his  ability  made  his  presence  an  honor  in  any  gathering. 

High  encomiums  were  passed  upon  him  by  various  members  of  the  senate 
when  he  was  called  from  this  life  on  the  2d  of  February,  1910.  One  of  the 
local  papers  said:  "Flags  flying  at  half-mast  from  many  of  the  chief  public 
and  commercial  buildings  of  the  city  yesterday  testified  at  once  to  the  extent 
of  the  interests  with  which  Sir  George  A.  Drummond  was  in  his  life  connected, 
and  to  the  respect  in  which  he  was  held  for  his  character,  his  ability  and  his 
public  services."  The  council  of  the  Board  of  Trade,  of  which  he  had  been 
president,  said  he  was  "long  regarded  as  Alontreal's  most  eminent  citizen  and 


310  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

one  of  the  oldest  and  most  distinguished  members  of  this  board."  Senator 
Lougheed  said  that  he  "doulited  if  any  other  name  had  been  more  closely  linked 
with  the  industrial  life  of  Canada  during  the  early  part  of  the  present  genera- 
tion than  that  of  Sir  George  Drummond.  Not  only  has  he  been  associated  with 
the  material  development  of  Canada,  but  he  was  equally  a  supporter  of  the  arts 
and  sciences  and  the  great  sociological  questions  of  this  progressive  age.  In 
1903  he  was  the  recipient  of  very  distinguished  honors  at  the  hands  of  his 
sovereign  on  account  of  the  eminent  public  services  which  he  had  rendered 
Canada.  His  name  should  long  be  revered  in  Montreal,  where  it  was  identi- 
fied with  the  great  commercial,  educational  and  philanthropic  institutions," 
Senator  Dandurand  said  of  Sir  George :  "He  was  esteemed  in  Montreal  as  a 
liberal-minded  man  who  did  his  utmost  to  maintain  good  understanding  between 
the  races  in  that  city,  always  showing  an  earnest  desire  to  promote  harmony. 
He  was  a  benefactor  of  all  institutions  that  needed  private  help  and  will  be 
missed  by  the  community  at  large,  as  he  was  whole-souled,  kind-hearted  and 
one  who  played  a  most  important  role  in  all  the  aft'airs  of  the  city." 


L.  JOSEPH  THEOPHILE  DECARY. 

L.  Joseph  Theophile  Decary,  an  architect  of  pronounced  ability  and  promi- 
nently known  as  a  water  color  artist,  was  born  at  St.  Jerome,  Quebec,  September 
21,  1882,  a  son  of  Jean  Baptist  and  Marie  Theolinde  (Lauzon)  Decary,  natives 
of  Lachine  and  St.  Jerome  respectively.  When  the  north  was  open  for  settle- 
ment in  1876  the  father  went  to  St.  Jerome  to  establish  business  as  a  jevveler 
and  has  there  since  resided.  He  is  of  the  eighth  generation  in  direct  descent 
from  Jean  Decarys,  who  came  to  Canada  with  Maisonneuve  in  1642.  The 
name  has  since  been  variously  spelled  Decary,  Decaire  and  Descarries. 

L.  Joseph  Theophile  Decary,  whose  name  introduces  this  record,  pursued  a 
commercial  course  in  St.  Jerome,  leaving  the  school  there  in  1900.  He  after- 
ward spent  a  year  in  a  pharmaceutical  establishment  and  a  year  as  a  telegraph 
operator  at  St.  Jerome  Junction  on  the  Canadian  Pacific  and  Canadian  Northern 
of  Quebec  Railroads.  When  nineteen  years  of  age  he  left  home,  without  funds, 
to  go  to  Boston,  hoping  there  to  find  the  opportunity  which  would  enable  him 
to  develop  his  latent  talents  in  drawing.  From  an  early  age  he  had  displayed 
considerable  ability  in  that  direction  and  believed  that  his  line  of  life  should 
be  determined  thereby.  After  reaching  Boston  he  secured  a  situation  in  an 
architect's  office  which  brought  him  a  salary  of  two  dollars  per  week.  He 
learned  quickly  and  won  the  confidence  and  assistance  of  Guy  Lowell,  archi- 
tect, who  sent  him  to  the  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology  in  Boston  in 
October,  1903.  There  he  followed  a  special  course  in  architecture  until  1905, 
and  he  now  holds  a  degree  from  the  association  of  architects  of  the  Province 
of  Quebec  Architects'  Association.  Following  his  return  to  Canada  he  opened 
an  ofifice  in  Montreal,  where  he  has  since  practiced  his  profession,  his  ability 
gaining  him  a  large  clientage.  He  made  the  architectural  design  and  plans  for 
the  Ecole  des  Hautes  Etudes  Commerciales  of  Montreal  for  Messrs.  Gauthier 
and  Daoust.     His  talent  has  been  further  developed  in  the  field  of  fine  arts  as 


L.  J.  T.  i)i:c.\i;v 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  ;jl3 

shown  in  his  exhibitions  in  water  colors  at  the  season  exhibit  of  the  Art  Asso- 
ciation of  Montreal  in  19 lo.  He  is  a  member  of  the  National  Gallery  of 
Ottawa. 

On  the  23d  of  April,  1906,  at  Point  St.  Charles,  Montreal,  Mr.  Uecary  was 
united  in  marriage  to  Hattie  G.  Blancliard,  a  daughter  of  Captain  J.  B. 
Blanchard  and  widow  of  John  Weatherburn.  In  his  political  views  Mr.  Decary 
is  a  liberal  and  is  without  political  ambition  or  aspiration.  He  tinds  pleasant 
association  with  men  of  similar  professional  talents  in  the  Technology  Club  of 
Lower  Canada  and  interest  and  recreation  through  his  membership  in  the  St. 
John  Yacht  Club,  of  which  he  was  vice  commodore  in  the  year  191 3. 


ALEXANDER  DRUMMOND  STEWART,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Alexander  Drummond  Stewart,  a  successful  physician  and  since  1903 
connected  with  the  department  of  the  interior  of  the  port  of  Montreal,  is  a  native 
of  Toronto,  Ontario,  and  acquired  his  preliminary  education  in  the  public  schools 
of  that  city.  He  studied  medicine  in  McGill  University,  graduating  with  the 
degree  of  M.  D.  in  1888.    Since  that  time  he  has  been  continuously  in  practice. 

Dr.  Stewart  opened  his  first  office  in  Richmond,  Quebec  province,  and  he 
continued  there  until  1898,  building  up  a  large  and  representative  clientage  and  in 
addition  to  its  conduct  serving  in  an  able  way  as  medical  officer  for  the  Grand 
Trunk  Railway  at  that  point.  From  F^ichmond  he  came  to  Montreal  and  in  this 
city  is  now  a  successful  practitioner.  Besides  conducting  his  .extensive  private 
practice  he  is  medical  officer  of  the  department  of  the  interior  of  the  port  of 
Montreal,  an  office  to  which  he  was  elected  in  1903. 

Dr.  Stewart  married  Miss  Emma  Christie  of  Lachute,  Argenteuil  county, 
Quebec,  and  they  have  become  the  parents  of  a  daughter,  Bessie.  Dr.  Stewart  is 
a  member  of  St.  Paul's  Presbyterian  church.  He  belongs  to  the  Outremont  Golf 
Club  and  the  University  Club.  Along  professional  lines  he  is  connected  with  the 
Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  Society,  and  he  keeps  in  touch  with  the  most 
advanced  medical  thought,  remaining  always  a  close  and  earnest  student. 


OHN  MITCHELL. 


John  Mitchell,  deceased,  who  was  for  thirty  years  a  produce  merchant  of 
Montreal,  was  born  at  Dufftown,  Scotland,  in  1830,  and  his  life  record  covered 
the  intervening  years  to  the  23d  of  November,  1904.  His  is  a  history  of  intense 
and  well  directed  activity  along  the  line  in  which  he  engaged.  Educated  in  Scot- 
land, he  came  to  Quebec  when  sixteen  years  of  age,  having  a  brother,  Robert, 
in  this  province.  He  made  his  entrance  into  business  life  as  an  employe  of  a 
Mr.  Symes,  a  merchant :  but  after  a  short  time  he  left  the  city  of  Quebec  for 
Montreal  at  the  solicitation  of  his  uncle,  Alexander  Simpson,  who  was  manager 
of  the  Bank  of  Montreal.  Mr.  Mitchell  embarked  in  business  in  connection  with 
others  as  a  wholesale  dealer  in  molasses,  sugar  and  grain  in  the  \\'est  Indies,  hut 


314  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

the  business  failed  and  for  a  short  time  thereafter  Mr.  Mitchell  was  a  resident 
of  Chicago,  Illinois.  Later  he  went  to  Milwaukee,  Wisconsin,  but  soon  returned 
to  Alontreal  and  here  engaged  in  the  produce  business  in  which  he  continued  for 
thirty  years,  or  until  his  death.  He  lived  a  quiet  life,  being  modest  and  unassum- 
ing in  manner,  and  his  uprightness  and  his  honorable  qualities  won  him  the 
admiration  and  respect  of  all. 

Mr.  Mitchell  was  married  to  Margaret  Turner  of  Keith,  Scotland,  and  they 
became  the  parents  of  two  children :  John  Alexander,  living  near  Edmonton, 
Canada ;  and  Alice  Margaret,  who  is  a  member  of  the  editorial  staff  of  the  Mon- 
treal Weekly  Star.  In  1871  Mr.  Mitchell  was  again  married  in  the  cathedral  of 
Montreal  to  Miss  Elizabeth  Scott,  a  daughter  of  Dr.  Alexander  Scott,  who  came 
from  Keith,  Scotland,  and  practiced  in  Montreal,  but  died  when  his  daughter, 
Mrs.  Mitchell,  was  but  five  years  of  age.  In  later  years  Mrs.  Scott  lived  with 
her  daughter  until  her  death.  The  children  of  Mr.  ^litchell's  second  marriage 
were  four  in  number,  of  whom  two  are  living:  Walter  Scott,  a  resident  of  Sor- 
rento, Notch  Hill,  British  Columbia ;  and  Charles  Stewart,  who  is  with  the 
Ogilvie  Flour  Mills  Company  of  Montreal. 

The  family  attend  the  First  Presbyterian  church,  of  which  Air.  Mitchell  was  a 
devout  member.  He  was  also  one  of  the  founders  of  the  St.  James  Club  and  one 
of  the  original  members  of  the  Thistle  Curling  Club.  W'hile  quiet  and  imassuming 
in  manner,  the  circle  of  his  friends  was  almost  coextensive  with  the  circle  of  his 
acquaintances,  a  fact  indicative  of  an  honorable  and  well  spent  life. 


BARUCH  BLOOMFIELD. 

In  the  history  of  Judaism  on  the  American  continent  the  name  of  few 
deserve  equal  prominence  with  that  of  Baruch  Bloomfield,  scholar,  educator 
and  philanthropist,  actuated  at  all  times  by  the  highest  spirit  of  humanitarian- 
ism  and  moral  force.  He  was  born  in  Russia.  He  had  liberal  educational 
advantages  for  his  time  and  throughout  his  life  was  a  close  and  discriminating 
student.  Crossing  the  Atlantic  to  the  new  world,  he  settled  first  in  New  York, 
where  he  engaged  in  teaching  for  about  ten  years.  He  was  one  of  the  greatest 
Hebrew  and  Talmudic  scholars  of  his  time.  About  1S70  he  removed  from  New 
York  to  Montreal,  which  city  remained  his  place  of  residence  throughout  the 
rest  of  his  life.  His  family  is  one  of  the  oldest  Jewish  families  in  Montreal, 
having  been  represented  here  for  close  to  a  century.  For  a  quarter  of  a  cen- 
tury prior  to  his  demise  he  was  a  representative  in  Montreal  of  the  German 
Jews  in  Jerusalem  and  was  a  prominent  member  of  the  McGill  College  Avenue 
synagogue  to  which  he  rendered  great  services  at  various  times.  A  part  of  his 
life  work  was  the  collection  of  funds  which  he  forwarded  to  the  Holy  Land, 
and  to  the  cause  he  was  himself  a  most  generous  contributor. 

Mr.  Bloomfield  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Dora  Albert  and  they  became 
the  parents  of  five  sons,  four  of  whom  still  survive.  .M)raham,  David,  Harry 
and  Samuel,  together  with  the  mother.  In  1901  the  family  were  called  upon 
to  mourn  the  loss  of  ;i  daugliter  and  sister,  Jessie,  whose  death  was  an   irre- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  315 

parable  blow  to  the  household.  It  was  while  still  grieving  over  the  loss  of  this 
daughter  that  .Mr.  Bloomfield  went  to  New  Orleans,  called  there  by  the  sudden 
illness  of  his  son,  Moses,  who  was  traveling  through  the  south  for  a  Canadian  firm. 
He  was  a  young  man  of  twenty-five  years  and  was  looked  upon  in  the  com- 
munity as  a  model  young  man  of  sterling  character,  of  the  highest  honor  and 
integrity,  and  of  ideal  purity  in  life.  The  father  hastened  to  his  bedside  and 
every  possible  thing  was  done  to  restore  him  to  health,  but  a  few  days  after 
the  father's  arrival  Moses  Bloomfield  passed  away.  This  death  following  so 
closely  upon  the  death  of  the  daughter  was  more  than  Mr.  Bloomfield  could 
bear.  He  died  almost  literally  of  a  broken  heart,  passing  away  in  New  Orleans 
on  the  31st  of  December,  1901,  aged  fifty-six  years.  The  sudden  demise  of 
father  and  son  has  been  greatly  deplored  by  the  entire.  Jewish  community  and 
especially  by  the  Shaar  (Hashomayim)  congregation  to  which  they -belonged. 
A  beautiful  memorial  service  was  held  at  the  McGill  College  Avenue  synagogue. 
The  remains  of  father  and  son  were  interred  in  a  cemetery  in  New  Orleans, 
but  at  the  memorial  service  in  Montreal  hundreds  of  their  friends  gathered  to 
pay  the  last  tribute  of  respect  and  to  thus  honor  their  memory.  In  his  address 
Rabbi  Bernard  M.  Kaplan  said :  "We  have  assembled  in  this  House  of  God 
from  all  parts  of  the  city  to  mourn  a  great  and  grievous  loss  which  we  have 
sustained  by  the  untimely  demise  of  two  most  virtuous,  most  pious  and  most 
respected  members  of  the  community,  a  father  and  son  who  under  the  most 
pathetic  circumstances  found  their  graves  in  a  strange  land.  The  son,  while 
yet  in  the  freshness  and  boom  of  life,  expired  in  the  embrace  of  a  loving  father 
who  had  traversed  almost  a  continent  to  gaze  once  more  upon  the  innocent  and 
serene  countenance  of  his  child."  Rabbi  Kaplan  said  that  some  would  mourn 
more  deeply  the  loss  of  the  young  man — his  associates  and  friends  who  were 
closely  connected  with  him — while  to  others  the  death  of  the  father,  which  had 
come  as  a  more  telling  blow,  yet  by  all  the  death  of  each  would  be  felt,  for  each 
was  a  man  largely  ideal  in  his  home  relations  and  in  his  relations  to  his  friends 
and  to  his  congregation.  Mr.  Bloomfield  was  a  most  devoted  and  loving  father 
as  well  as  a  most  kind,  considerate  and  alYectionate  husband.  "He  not  only 
loved  his  wife,  but  true  to  the  teachings  of  the  Talmud,  of  which  he  was  a 
great  student,  he  honored  and  respected  her.  His  family  life  was  an  inspiration 
to  every  lover  of  ideal  home  life.  His  modest  home  was  a  veritable  sanctuary 
whose  atmosphere  was  permeated  by  serene  peace,  true  purity,  and  sincere  piety 
And,  again,  every  one  who  appreciates  gentleness  of  manner  and  gentleness  of 
disposition,  purity  of  life  and  purity  of  thought,  faith  in  God  and  faith  in 
humanity,  devotion  to  religion  and  devotion  to  every  other  duty,  sincerity  of 
speech  and  sincerity  of  action,  must  lament  the  loss  which  the  community  sus- 
tains by  the  death  of  Baruch  Bloomfield.  for  he  embodied  all  these  qualities  and 
many  more.  He  loved  peace  and  pursued  it.  He  loved  Hebrew  learning  and 
devoted  his  life  to  it.  He  loved  Judaism  and  made  great  sacrifices  for  it.  He 
loved  charity  and  gave  it.  I  approached  him  myself  several  times  on  matters 
of  charity.  Not  only  did  he  contribute  a  great  deal  more  that  I  thought  his 
means  allowed  him.  but  what  is  more,  he  gave  his  share  with  all  his  heart  and 
soul — so  much  so  that  he  reminded  me  of  the  proverbial  romantic  Hebrew 
charity  which  meant  not  only  the  giving  of  money  but  also  the  giving,  so  to 
speak,  of  the  very  heart  with  it. 


316  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

"For  a  period  of  twenty-five  years  Baruch  Bloomfield,  from  time  to  time 
collected  and  forwarded  considerable  funds  to  the  Holy  Land.  It  was  the  supreme 
passion  of  his  life  to  step  some  day  on  the  Holy  Land.  His  wish  like  that  of 
Moses  has  not,  however,  been  realized.  He  died  on  this  side  of  the  Jordan. 
But,  friends,  there  was  no  need  for  Baruch  Bloomfield  to  go  to  Palestine  in 
order  to  be  on  holy  land.  I  say  in  all  sincerity,  that  the  ground  where  so  pure 
and  so  pious  a  man  as  Baruch  Bloomfield  stood,  studied  or  prayed,  was  holy. 
It  was  sanctified  by  the  holiness  of  an  ideal  Jewish  life.  Yea,  the  very  ground 
wherein  his  body,  the  shrine  of  so  beautiful  a  soul  is  deposited  is  positively  holy. 
Baruch  Bloomfield  was  an  ish  kaddish,  a  holy  man  in  the  traditional  sense  of 
the  term.     A  trulv  holv  man  sanctifies  his  surroundings." 


SIR  THOMAS  GEORGE  RODDICK,  M.  D.,  LL.  D.,  F.  R.  C.  S. 

Sir  Thomas  George  Roddick,  AI.  D.,  LL.  D.,  F.  R.  C.  S.,  was  born 
at  Harbour  Grace,  Newfoundland,  July  31,  1846,  a  son  of  the  late  John. 
Irving  Roddick  and  Emma  Jane  Martin.  His  father  was  a  native  of  Dum- 
friesshire, Scotland,  and  was  for  many  years  principal  of  the  government  school 
at  Harbour  Grace.  After  pursuing  his  preliminary  education  with  his  father,- 
and,  later,  in  the  Truro  Model  and  Normal  Schools  of  Nova  Scotia,  Sir  Thomas 
entered  McGill  University  in  1864  in  preparation  for  the  practice  of  medicine, 
which  he  intended  to  make  his  life's  work.  He  graduated  M.  D.,  C.  M., 
in  1868,  and  was  the  Holmes  Gold  Medallist  and  final  prizeman  of  his  year. 
Immediately  following  his  graduation  he  was  appointed  assistant  house  sur- 
geon and  afterwards  house  surgeon  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  which 
position  he  held  for  six  years.  Later,  he  received  an  appointment  as  attending 
surgeon  to  that  institution  and  in  1874  entered  upon  private  practice.  From 
1872  to  1874  he  was  lecturer  on  hygiene  in  McGill  University  and  was  demon- 
strator of  anatomy  during  1874  and  1875.  In  the  latter  year  he  was  made 
professor  of  clinical  surgery,  which  position  he  held  for  fifteen  years,  when  he 
became  professor  of  surgery,  occupying  that  chair  until  1907.  He  was  dean  of 
the  medical  faculty  of  McGill  from  1901  till  1908. 

In  1896  Sir  Thomas  was  elected  president  of  the  British  Medical  Associa- 
tion, being  the  first  colonial  physician  ever  honored  by  election  to  that  office, 
which  he  held  from  1896  to  1898.  He  presided  at  the  Montreal  meeting  and' 
was  subsetjuently  elected  vice  president  for  life  of  that,  the  largest  and  most 
important  medical  body  in  the  world. 

He  is  president  of  the  Montreal  branch  of  the  \'ictorian  Order  of  Nurses ; 
president  of  the  Alexandra  Hospital  for  Contagious  Diseases ;  vice  president 
of  the  Royal  Edward  Institute ;  consulting  surgeon  to  the  Royal  X'ictoria  Hos- 
pital and  Montreal  General  Hospital.  He  was  a  member  of  the  royal  tubercu- 
losis commission  recently  appointed  by  the  Qiiebec  government ;  is  a  past  presi- 
dent of  the  Medico-Chirurgical  .Society  of  Montreal,  and  of  the  Canadian 
Medical  Association,  of  whicli  latter  body  he  was  recently  appointed  honorary 
president.  When  the  Newfoundland  Society  of  Montreal  was  organized  a  few 
years  ago  he  was  appointed  Iionorary  president.     In  1898  Edinburgh  University- 


SIK  TIlOJiAS  r..   KODJIU  K 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  319 

recognized  his  services  to  medicine  by  conferring  upon  him  the  honorary  degree 
of  LL.  D. ;  in  1903  Queen's  University  honored  him  in  a  like  manner;  in  1899 
he  was  elected  an  honorary  F.  R.  C.  S.,  London.  After  resigning  the  deanship 
of  the  medical  faculty  of  McGill  in  1908,  he  was  appointed  a  governor  of  McGill 
University.  He  was  one  of  the  first  surgeons  on  this  continent  to  employ  Lister's 
methods  in  the  treatment  of  wounds. 

Sir  Thomas'  connection  with  the  militia  of  Canada  dates  as  far  back  as 
1868,  when  he  joined  the  Grand  Trunk  Artillery  as  assistant  surgeon,  and  was 
under  orders  for  the  second  Fenian  raid  in  1870.  He  subsequently  commanded 
the  University  Company  of  the  Prince  of  Wales  Rifles  and  was  appointed  sur- 
geon to  that  regiment  in  1885.  During  the  Northwest  rebellion  in  the  same  year 
he  organized  the  hospital  and  ambulance  service  for  the  expeditionary  force 
and  was  in  charge  of  the  medical  service  in  the  field,  holding  the  rank  of  deputy 
surgeon  general  of  militia,  was  mentioned  in  despatches  and  recommended  for 
the  C.  AL  G.  For  his  services  on  this  occasion,  and  for  the  Fenian  raid,  he 
holds  the  service  medals,  and  also  the  long-service  medal.  He  attained  the  rank 
of  lieutenant  colonel  in  1900  and  is  now  on  the  retired  list  of  officers. 

Sir  Thomas  is  a  conservative  in  politics  and  represented  St.  Antoine  divi- 
sion over  two  parliaments,  sitting  in  the  house  of  commons  from  1896  until 
1904.  His  chief  reason  for  entering  politics  was  to  exploit  a  scheme  which  he 
had  long  advocated,  viz.,  that  of  Dominion  medical  registration,  for  which  a 
federal  act  was  necessary.  The  "Roddick  Bill''  so-called,  passed  parliament  in 
1902,  was  amended  and  became  operative  in  191 1.  Thus  was  established  a 
one-portal  system  for  entrance  to  the  practice  of  medicine  throughout  the 
Dominion  of  Canada.  A  Dominion  medical  council  was  at  once  organized,  of 
which  Sir  Thomas  was  elected  first  president. 

Sir  Thomas  was  married  in  1880  to  Miss  Marion  McKinnon,  a  daughter 
of  the  late  William  McKinnon  of  Pointe  Claire,  P.  Q.  Her  death  occurred 
in  1890,  and  he  afterwards  wedded  in  September,  1906,  Miss  Amy  Redpath, 
daughter  of  the  late  J.  J.  Redpath  of  Montreal.  His  religious  faith  is  that 
of  the  Presbyterian  church. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  Hunt  Club,  the  University  Club  and  the  Mount  Royal 
Club.    His  residence  is  at  705  Sherbrooke  street.  West. 

Patriotism,  courage  and  generosity  have  always  characterized  him,  and,  not- 
withstanding the  demands  ever  made  upon  him  in  his  professional  life,  he  has 
always  found  time  to  take  an  active  part  in  all  movements  having  to  do  with 
the  social  and  moral  welfare  of  his  adopted  city. 


FERDINAND  GUSTAVE  LEDUC. 

Among  the  representative  bankers  of  Montreal  is  Ferdinand  Gustave  Leduc, 
manager  of  the  Banque  d'Hochelaga,  and  as  such  enjoys  high  prestige  among 
his  colleagues.  He  is  considered  an  authority  upon  financial  matters,  and  that 
this  judgment  is  not  misplaced  is  evident  from  the  success  with  which  he  man- 
ages this  eight-million-dollar  institution.  Although  he  has  attained  a  high  place 
among  the  captains  of  finance  he  is  modest  and  unassuming  in  his  demeanor. 


320  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ever  ready  to  receive  a  caller  or  listen  to  the  most  humble  of  his  employes  in 
order  to  keep  in  touch  with  the  smallest  details  of  his  business  and  all  situa- 
tions and  conditions  that  might  aft'ect  the  financial  world.  Mr.  Leduc  is  a  native 
of  the  province  of  Quebec,  his  birth  having  occurred  at  Beauharnois  on  the  31st 
of  March,  1871.  He  is  a  son  of  Michel  Ferdinand  and  Mathilde  (Vachon) 
Leduc  and  was  educated  in  his  native  city  in  1884,  became  a  student  at  St. 
Joseph's  College  of  Burlington,  Vermont.  The  earliest  records  of  the  Leduc 
family  in  Canada  refer  to  one  Jean  Le  Due,  born  in  1624,  a  son  of  Jean  and 
Cecile  (La  Chaperon)  Le  Due.  On  May  11,  1652,  Jean  Le  Due,  first  men- 
tioned, married  Marie  Soulinie  at  Montreal  and  died  about  fifty  years  later,  on 
April  19,  1702.  This  record  is  taken  from  the  "Dictionnaire  Genealogique," 
compiled  by  Abbe  Tanguay. 

Ferdinand  G.  Leduc  early  displayed  an  interest  in  the  banking  business  and 
in  1886,  after  leaving  the  academy  in  Vermont,  entered  upon  a  position  with 
La  Banque  Jacques  Cartier.  with  which  institution  he  remained  until  1899, 
becoming  well  acquainted  with  all  the  details  as  regards  investments  and  credits 
and  the  multitudinous  duties  and  responsibilities  connected  with  the  manage- 
ment and  direction  of  a  large  financial  establishment.  Since  1899  ]\Ir.  Leduc 
has  been  manager  of  the  Banque  d'Hochelaga,  his  extraordinary  ability  finding 
recognition  in  this  important  position.  The  bank  has  a  capital  and  reserve  of 
about  eight  million  dollars  and  is  one  of  the  strongest  financial  institutions  in 
the  Dominion. 

On  the  14th  of  January,  1894.  Mr.  Leduc  married  Miss  Corinne  Bisson,  a 
daughter  of  E.  H.  Bisson,  a  prominent  man  along  various  lines  and  well  known 
as  a  member  of  the  provincial  parliament.  '-Mr.  and  Mrs.  Leduc  have  three 
children :  Louis  Philippe,  aged  seventeen ;  Gabrielle,  aged  twelve ;  and  Jeanne 
Aimee,  aged  ten.     The  family  afiiliates  with  the  Catholic  church. 

Mr.  Leduc  takes  a  deep  interest  in  the  metropolitan  development  of  Mon- 
treal and  is  ever  ready  to  extend  or  place  at  the  disposal  of  the  general  public 
his  time  or  means  in  order  to  promote  worthy  public  enterprises.  Although  he 
has  not  c'ared  to  actively  participate  in  public  life,  he  has  done  much  to  promott 
the  growth  of  the  city  in  his  private  capacity.  Personally  he  is  approachable, 
kindly  and  dignified — a  gentleman  of  pleasing  manners  and  fine  appearance, 
combining  with  grace  of  manner  an  American  demeanor  of  democracy  which 
readily  makes  for  him  friends  who  are  devoted  to  him  on  account  of  the  sub- 
stantial qualities  of  his  character. 


FREDERICK  ERNEST  THOMPSON,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Frederick  Ernest  Thompson,  who  since  1890  has  been  in  continuous 
practice  of  his  profession  in  Montreal,  his  signal  ability  commanding  for  him 
a  distinguished  place  in  medical  circles  and  a  wide  and  representative  patronage, 
was  born  in  the  city  of  Quebec,  Queliec  province,  and  acquired  his  early  educa- 
tion in  the  grammar  and  high  schools  there.  He  followed  this  by  a  course  in 
Morrin  College  and  after  completing  this  entered  McGill  L^nivcrsity  from  which 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  321 

he  was  graduated  M.  D.  in  1890.  He  still  remains  a  close  and  earnest  student 
of  his  profession,  keeping  in  touch  with  its  most  advanced  and  modern  thought. 
Dr.  Thompson  began  practice  in  Montreal  in  the  fall  of  1890,  and  his  ability 
attained  instant  recognition.  Since  that  time  constant  study  and  research  and 
steadily  widening  experience  have  broadened  and  developed  his  powers,  and  he 
is  today  one  of  the  most  successful  and  prominent  physicians  and  surgeons  in 
the  city  where  he  makes  his  home.  In  the  latter  line  of  work  he  has  become 
especially  proficient  as  his  position  in  the  department  of  obstetrics  and  operative 
siirgery  on  the  staff  of  the  Women's  Hospital  plainly  shows.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Montreal  Medico-Chirurgical  and  the  Canadian  Medical  and  British  Med- 
ical Associations,  and  a  fellow  in  the  Edinburgh  Obstetrical  Society,  and  his 
ability  is  widely  recognized  in  professional  circles. 


PROFESSOR  CHARLES  EBENEZER  iMOYSE. 

Professor  Charles  Ebenezer  Moyse,  a  member  of  the  faculty  of  McGill  Uni- 
versity since  1878  and  since  1903  dean  of  the  faculty  of  arts  and  vice  principal 
of  McGill,  needs  no  introduction  to  the  readers  of  this  volume,  for  his  fame 
and  ability  as  an  educationist  and  writer,  both  of  verse  and  of  prose,  have  made 
his  name  a  familiar  one  from  coast  to  coast.  He  was  born  at  Torquay,  England, 
March  9,  1852,  a  son  of  the  late  Charles  Westaway  and  Mary  Anne  (Jenkins) 
Moyse,  the  former  of  Torquay  and  the  latter  a  daughter  of  John  Jenkins,  of 
Exeter.  He  was  educated  first  of  all  at  the  Independent  College,  Taunton,  and 
subsequently  at  University  College,  London.  He  obtained  the  Bachelor  of  Arts 
degree  of  the  University  of  London  in  1874.  He  was  university  exhibitioner  in 
English  and  also  headed  the  honor  list  in  animal  physiology.  His  career  as  an 
educationist  has  been  a  successful  one  from  the  outset.  He  was  appointed 
headmaster  of  St.  Mary's  College,  Peckham.  and  while  filling  that  position  was 
elected  in  1878  to  the  Molson  professorship  of  English  literature  at  McGill 
University,  Montreal.  In  1903  McGill  conferred  upon  him  the  honorary  degree 
of  LL.  D.  In  the  same  year  he  was  appointed  dean  of  the  faculty  of  arts  and 
vice  principal.  His  position  in  the  university  at  once  indicates  his  high  standing 
in  the  profession.  He  was  editor  in  chief  of  the  McGill  University  Magazine, 
now  the  University  Magazine,  for  five  years,  and  has  for  many  years  been  pres- 
ident of  the  McGill  College  Cricket  Club,  a  fact  which  indicates  that  his  interest 
is  not  merely  along  literary  lines. 

Professor  Moyse  has  ever  been  a  close  and  discriminating  student  and'  has 
found  his  greatest  pleasure  as  well  as  his  chief  activity  in  roaming  through  the 
fields  of  the  world's  literature  and  finding  companionship  with  the  men  of 
master  minds.  The  result  of  his  labors  has,  in  part,  been  given  to  the  world 
in  a  number  of  pulilished  volumes  and  articles.  In  1879  he  brought  out  a  volume 
entitled  "The  Dramatic  Art  of  Shakespeare,"  and  in  1883  "Poetry  as  a  Fine 
Art."  In  1889,  under  the  pseudonym  "Belgrave  Titmarsh."  he  published  a  vol- 
ume entitled  "Shakespeare's  Skull."  and  he  published  in  igio.  a  volume  entitled 
"Ella  Lee;  Glimpses  of  Child  Life,"  consisting  of  poems  reminiscent  of  his  child- 
hood days  in  Devonshire.     In  191 1  appeared  "The  Lure  of  Earth,"  a  volume  of 


322  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

poems  of  a  more  serious  character.     He  has  also  written  various  poems  and  lit- 
erary articles  which  have  appeared  in  the  leading  magazines  of  the  day. 

In  June,  1883,  Professor  Moyse  wedded  Janet  McDougall,  the  eldest  daughter 
of  John  Stirling  of  Montreal.  Mrs.  Moyse  has  been  deeply  interested  in  a  move- 
ment for  providing  playgrounds  for  children  in  Montreal,  her  efforts  in  that  direc- 
tion being  untiring,  and  she  is  now  a  director  of  the  Parks  and  Playgrounds 
Association.  Professor  iMoyse  has  been  a  close  student  of  all  the  interesting 
problems  and  significant  questions  of  the  day  and  absorption  in  books  has  never 
made  him  neglectful  of  the  duties  and  obligations  of  citizenship.  His  social 
nature  finds  expression  in  his  membership  in  the  Thistle  Curling  Club  and  Uni- 
versity Club.  He  has  been  characterized  as  "a  highly  cultured  man  who  has  had 
a  brilliant  career  as  an  educationist." 


GEORGE  HAGUE. 


Respected  by  all  who  know  him,  no  man  occupies  a  more  creditable  posi- 
tion in  banking  circles  than  does  George  Hague  of  Montreal,  who  for  many 
years  was  prominently  identified  with  the  management  of  important  financial 
affairs.  He  has  been  ecjually  well  known  by  reason  of  his  active  support  of 
benevolent  and  philanthropic  objects  and  by  his  interest  in  phases  of  public- 
spirited  citizenship.  He  was  born  at  Rotherham,  Yorkshire,  England,  January 
13,  1825,  a  son  of  Mr.  John  Hague,  and  comes  from  an  old  family  of  bankers, 
as  some  or  other  of  his  relatives  have  for  generations  bafk  been  connected  with 
the  leading  bank  in  the  town.  Mr.  Hague  has  passed  the  eighty-ninth  milestone 
on  life's  journey  and  his  career  has  been  one  of  usefulness  and  honor. 

Plis  early  education  was  acquired  at  Morgate  Academy,  in  his  native  town, 
where  his  proficiency  in  mental  arithmetic  placed  him  at  the  head  of  the  school 
when  yet  a  mere  boy  His  school  days  over,  he  entered  into  active  connection 
with  financial  interests  as  an  employe  of  the  Sheffield  Banking  Company.  He 
remained  in  Great  Britain  until  1854,  when  he  came  to  Canada,  having  accepted 
the  position  of  financial  manager  of  a  firm  of  railway  contractors.  Two  years 
later  he  became  accountant  at  the  head  office  in  the  newly  organized  Bank  of 
Toronto.  The  steps  in  his  orderly  progression  are  easily  discernable.  He 
advanced  from  one  position  to  another  which  brought  upon  him  larger  responsi- 
bilities and  duties,  each,  however,  finding  him  adequate  to  the  demands  made 
upon  him.  He  was  appointed  manager  of  the  Bank  of  Toronto  at  Cobourg, 
Ontario,  and  in  1863  succeeded  the  late  Mr.  Angus  Cameron  as  cashier  of  the 
bank,  in  which  capacity  he  remained  until  1876.  It  was  during  this  period  that 
Mr.  Hague's  influence  was  felt  in  some  of  the  most  important  legislation  affect- 
ing banking  interests  in  Canada.  The  government  had  brought  in  two  measures 
in  succession,  for  the  regulation  of  the  currency.  To  the  first,  some  of  the 
western  bankers  were  inclined  to  agree,  but  Mr.  Hague  conceived  its  operation 
would  be  prejudicial  to  the  interests  of  a  l^ank  like  the  Bank  of  Toronto,  and 
the  finance  minister  was  prevailed  on  to  make  it  optional  instead  of  compulsory. 
Only  one  hank  consented  to  embrace  its  jirovisions,  and,  for  some  years,  matters 
went  along  undisturbed.     The  second   measure   was    far   more   dangerous,  and 


GEORGE  HAGUE 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  325 

was  wholly  compulsory.  It  was  foiiiidcd  on  the  American  currency  plan,  which 
was  then  at  the  zenith  of  its  [)opularity,  and  had  not  yet  developed  any  of  the 
unfavorable  features  which  afterwards  transi)ired.  This  Canadian  govern- 
ment measure,  many  bankers,  [jarticularly  from  Ontario  and  Nova  Scotia,  con- 
cluded would  be  utterly  unsuitable  to  the  circumstances  of  Canada,  and  they 
determined  to  give  it  strenuous  opijosition  Air.  Hague  was  a[)])ointed  secretary 
of  an  informal  association  for  the  purpose,  and  the  contest  was  maintained 
through  two  or  three  sessions  of  parliament.  There  were,  powerful  influences 
at  the  back  of  the  government  in  favor  of  the  measure  and  the  contest  was  a 
very  determined  one.  At  length  when  Sir  Francis  Hincks  had  been  appointed 
finance  minister,  a  satisfactory  compromise  was  proposed,  accepted,  and  its 
provisions  incorporated  in  the  Dominion  note  act,  and  the  Canadian  bank  act, 
which  both  shortly  followed. 

Previous  to  this  every  bank  was  worked  under  a  separate  charter,  but  now 
these  various  charters  were  amalgamated  under  one  compendious  act,  the  prepa- 
ration of  which  occupied  the  leading  bankers  and  lawyers  in  the  house  of  com- 
mons for  several  months.  In  these  discussions  Mr.  Hague  naturally  took  a 
leading  part,  along  with  Mr.  E.  H.  King  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal.  Hon.  Mr. 
Lewin,  of  the  Bank  of  New  Brunswick,  Hon.  Edward  Blake  of  Toronto,  Mr. 
Peter  Jack  who  represented  the  banks'  of  Nova  Scotia  and,  of  course,  the 
finance  minister.  This  act,  together  with  the  Dominion  note  act,  has  been  at  the 
foundation  of  Canadian  banking  ever  since.  During  the  progress  of  these  dis- 
cussions Mr.  Hague  was  offered  the  general  managership  of  the  Bank  of  Com- 
merce, as  well  as  one  of  the  higher  positions  in  the  Bank  of  Montreal.  Both 
however  were  declined. 

After  the  exacting  labors  entailed  by  this  contest,  Mr.  Hague  concluded  that 
the  time  had  arrived  when  he  might  fairly  carry  out  a  project  that  he  had 
cherished  for  many  years,  viz.,  to  devote  the  remainder  of  his  life  to  religious 
and  philanthropic  work.  In  preparation  for  this  he  resigned  his  position  in  the 
Bank  of  Toronto  and  made  other  arrangements  for  a  change  in  his  mode  of 
life.  Upon  severing  his  connection  with  the  Bank  of  Toronto,  the  directors  of 
that  institution  presented  Mr.  Hague  with  a  service  of  plate  and  a  handsome 
sum  of  money,  in  consideration  of  his  efficient  services  to  the  bank  as  well 
as  for  his  most  valuable  services  to  the  banking  interests  of  Canada  generally. 

Subsequent  events  proved  that  Mr.  Hague's  preparations  for  retirement 
from  the  banking  business  were  premature. 

A  cloud  had  been  gathering  over  the  commercial  and  financial  position 
of  Canada  for  some  time  back,  and  it  was  never  darker  or  deeper  than  in  the 
opening  months  of  1877.  The  records  of  failures  and  insolvencies  grew-  to 
alarming  proportions,  fully  four  times  the  usual  average,  and  the  losses  of  the 
banks  told  on  them  severely.  The  general  manager  of  the  Merchants  Bank  of 
Canada  having  resigned,  the  directors  of  that  institution  offered  the  position  to 
Mr.  Hague  and  pressed  upon  him  to  accept  it. 

It  was  like  taking  command  of  a  ship  in  the  midst  of  a  storm,  but  he  felt 
it  his  duty  to  undertake  the  task,  but  did  so  with  a  full  understanding  that  he 
should  be  at  liberty  to  devote  a  reasonable  amount  of  time  to  religious  and  phil- 
anthropic work.  It  was  several  years  before  the  financial  cloud  passed  by,  and 
of  the  strenuous  labors  of  bankers  at  that  time  it  is  needless  to  speak.     Suffice 


326  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

to  say  that  Mr.  Hague  held  on  to  his  post  with  careful  attention  to  the  matters 
he  had  stipulated  for,  and  only  retired  after  twenty-tive  years  more  of  service, 
at  a  ripe  old  age,  and  having  in  the  meantime  assisted  in  the  decennial  reviews 
of  the  banking  act  that  transpired  from  time  to  time  according  to  its  provi- 
sions. At  the  time  of  his  resignation  as  general  manager  in  1902,  the  directors 
of  the  Merchants  Bank  presented  ^Nlr.  Hague  w-ith  a  valuable  piece  of  solid  silver, 
gold  plated,  and  made  a  handsome  provision  for  the  remainder  of  his  life. 

Whilst  general  manager  of  this  bank,  Mr.  Hague  was  several  times  requested 
by  the  American  Bankers'  Association  to  address  its  annual  meeting,  and  took 
an  active  part  in  preventing  the  adoption  of  silver  as  the  basis  of  the  finances 
of  the  United  States.  He  also  drew  up  a  paper  in  which  a  strenuous  protest 
was  made  against  the  adoption  of  silver  as  part  of  the  basis  of  the  currency 
of  the  Bank  of  England.  This  had  been  urged  by  a  school  of  financiers  known 
as  bi-metallists,  but  Canada  has  always  stood  solidly  on  a  gold  basis,  and  so  has 
England  remained. 

When  the  Bankers'  Association  of  Canada  was  founded,  !Mr.  Hague  took  an 
active  part  in  company  with  Mr.  Wolferstan  Thomas,  Mr.  Duncan  Coulson, 
and  other  bankers  in  drawing  up  its  constitution,  and  was  chosen  its  first  presi- 
dent. Since  his  retirement  from  banking  circles  he  has  been  honorary  presi- 
dent, an  office  to  which  he  was  reelected  at  the  last  annual  meeting  of  that 
association. 

In  the  intervening  years,  since  his  retirement  to  the  present  time,  Mr.  Hague 
has  given  his  attention  to  literary  and  philanthropic  work  and  has  become  widely 
known  by  reason  of  his  contributions  to  the  press  and  his  cooperation  in  many 
organized  charitable  and  benevolent  projects,  especially  the  Young  Men's  Chris- 
tian Association. 

He  has  written  many  articles  which  have  appeared  in  the  financial  papers  and 
also  reviews  on  banking  and  philanthropic  subjects.  He  also  published  a  valu- 
able treatise,  entitled  Banking  and  Commerce.  His  published  works  include. 
Some   Practical   Studies  in   the   History  and   Biography  of   the  Old   Testament. 

Another  phase  of  his  activity  has  brought  Mr.  Hague  not  only  into  close 
connection  with  many  charitable  and  benevolent  movements,  but  also  with  ])ro- 
jects  of  vital  importance  to  the  city  and  its  material,  intellectual  and  moral 
development.  He  is  today  a  governor  of  McGill  University,  vice  president  of 
the  i\Iontreal  Diocesan  College ;  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  and 
a  director  of  the  House  of  Industry  and  other  kindred  organizations.  He  is 
vice  president  of  the  Canadian  Bible  Society  and  was  at  one  time  president  of  the 
Young  Men's  Christian  Association,  to  which  he  has  been  a  generous  contributor. 

Some  years  ago,  after  an  era  of  extravagant  expenditure  of  the  city  council 
during  which  the  ddjt  of  the  city  was  doubled  in  five  years,  an  association  was 
formed  for  maintaining  a  watchful  oversight  over  the  finances  of  the  city.  This 
was  called  the  Good  Govermnent  .\ssociation,  and  many  of  Montreal's  most 
prominent  citizens  became  members  of  it.  Of  this  association  Mr.  Hague 
was  chosen  president,  and  under  its  auspices  an  efficient  check  was  placed  upon 
extravagant  spending  by  the  Montreal  Corporation,  through  an  act  of  the  legis- 
lature, brought  in  by  Mr.  George  Washington  Stephens.  Mr.  Hague  often  went 
to  Quebec  on  the  business  of  this  association  which  has  now,  however,  been  dis- 
solved and  superseded. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  327 

At  a  certain  period  of  our  ])arliamentary  history,  when  the  late  Sir  John 
Abbott  was  [jremier,  a  great  outcry  was  made  as  to  abuses  in  cotniection  witli  the 
civil  service.  A  Royal  commission  was  appointed  for  examination  of  which 
Eflmond  JJarheau  and  J.  M.  Courtney,  deputy  fmance  minister,  were  members. 
Of  this  commission  Air.  Hague  was  appointed  chairman.  The  examination  was 
very  thorough  and  extended  over  several  months.  Every  department  of  the 
service  was  overhauled  and  at  its  close  a  series  of  recommendations  were  made, 
all  of  whicii  tended  to  correct  abuses  and  promote  efficiency,  and.  which  if 
adopted,  would  have  resulted  in  a  large  annual  saving  to  the  country.  Some 
of  these  were  adopted,  but  others  unfortunately  were  not,  and  another  commis- 
sion became  necessary  later  on. 

Mr.  Hague  still  has  financial  interests  in  several  corporations,  being  a  director 
of  the  Guarantee  Com]jany  of  North  America,  and  others  of  a  similar  character. 

Mr.  Hague  has  never  i)een  an  active  politician,  Init  his  connection  is  with 
the  liberal-conservative  element,  his  support  being  given  to  the  Chamberlain 
policy.  No  movement  tending  to  promote  civic  virtue  or  civic  pride  has  failed 
to  receive  his  indorsement  and  support.  His  interest  in  public  affairs  is  that  of 
a  broad-minded.  public-sjMrited  citizen,  looking  beyond  the  exigencies  of  the 
moment  to  the  possibilities  and  opportunities  of  the  future.  His  religious  faith 
is  that  of  the  Anglican  church,  in  which  he  has  been  a  most  active  worker  for 
many  years. 

Mr.  Hague  has  been  married  twice.  In  1852  he  wedded  Sarah  Cousins,  a 
daughter  of  Mr.  Joseph  Cousins,  a  manufacturer  of  Sheffield,  England.  Her 
death  occurred  in  1900  and  in  March,  1902,  he  wedded  Mary  Frances  Mitche- 
son,  a  daughter  of  the  late  McGregor  Mitcheson,  of  Philadelphia,  Pennsyl- 
vania. He  is  now  past  the  eighty-ninth  milestone  on  life's  journey,  but  in 
spirit  and  interest  seems  yet  in  his  prime.  The  Canadian  American  has  truly 
styled  him,  "A  high-minded  Christian  gentleman,  public-spirited  and  always  at 
the  front  in  every  philanthropic  movement  .  .  ,  never  knew  a  fairer  man 
or  one  more  actively  unselfish."  All  this  indicates  that  his  life  was  never  self- 
centered  but  has  reached  out  along  lines  of  constantly  broadening  usefulness  and 
activity  for  the  benefit  of  the  people,  seeking  rather  the  welfare  and  benefit  of 
the  many  than  the  advancement  of  self.  His  life  has  indeed  been  one  of  signal 
usefulness. 


WILLIAM  ROBERTSON. 

Insurance  interests  found  a  prominent  representative  in  \\'illiam  Robertson 
in  Montreal,  who  was  largely  a  pioneer  in  the  work  of  adapting  English  com- 
panies to  the  business  methods  pursued  on  this  side  of  the  Atlantic.  A  Canadian 
by  birth,  his  native  town  was  Lachute,  province  of  Quebec,  and  his  natal  year 
1847.  His  father,  Dr.  William  Robertson,  a  graduate  of  the  Edinburgh  Medical 
College,  settled  in  Lachute  when  a  young  man,  there  establishing  himself  in 
practice,  but  later  removed  to  St.  Andrews  East,  where  he  continued  actively 
in  the  profession  until  his  death,  greatly  endearing  himself  to  the  community 
by  the  willingness  to  which  he  responded  to  the  call  of  the  sick,  even  though 


328  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

it  meant  a  self-sacrificing  ride  of  from  sixty  to  seventy-five  miles.  His  pa- 
tients had  the  utmost  confidence  in  him  and  his  professional  efiforts  were  a 
blessing  to  the  inhabitants  of  that,  then  scarcely  settled  district.  He  married  Miss 
Alary  A.  Tierney,  of  Ireland,  and  they  had  two  sons  and  three  daughters,  the  sur- 
viving son  being  Dr.  Patrick  Robertson  of  England.  An  uncle  of  our  subject 
was  Colin  Robertson,  who  won  fame  in  the  northwest. 

William  Robertson  pursued  his  education  in  the  schools  of  St.  Andrews 
East  and  from  his  youth  up  was  an  underwriter,  having  begun  business  when 
quite  young  by  entering  the  insurance  office  of  Simpson  &  Bethune  of  Montreal. 
Such  was  the  reputation  which  he  won  for  superior  business  qualifications,  for 
executive  power  and  administrative  ability,  that  in  1873,  when  but  twenty-six 
years  of  age  he  was  elected  as  representative  for  Canada  of  the  London  & 
Lancashire  Life  Assurance  Company.  The  duties  of  this  office  he  filled  most 
acceptably  for  about  seventeen  years,  or  until  his  life's  labors  were  ended  in  death. 
He  projected  many  changes  and  improvements  in  the  methods  of  the  English 
offices,  transacting  business  on  this  side  of  the  Atlantic.  He  made  thoroughly 
Canadian  in  spirit  and  activity,  the  London  &  Lancashire  Company  in  the 
Dominion,  bringing  about  its  popularity  and  success.  He  carefully  organized  and 
systematized  the  business  here,  with  the  result  that  the  London  &  Lancashire 
Company  became  one  of  the  strongest  insurance  companies  of  the  country. 

In  1871  Mr.  Robertson  was  married  to  Miss  Helen  I.  Barnston,  a  daughter 
of  George  Barnston,  who  throughout  his  active  life  was  engaged  in  the  Hud- 
son's Bay  service  in  British  Columbia  and  in  the  northwest  country.  He  came 
to  Canada  in  1821  and  retired,  after  many  years  service  with  the  Hudson's  Bay 
Company,  spending  the  remainder  of  his  days  in  a  well  earned  rest  in  Montreal. 
His  wife  was  Miss  Helpn  Mathews  of  England.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Robertson  became 
the  parents  of  two  children,  who  are  living:  Dr.  William  Graeme  Robertson  of 
England,  who  is  attached  to  the  White  Star  service;  and  Helen  M.  C,  at  home. 

Mr.  Robertson  was  active  as  a  faithful  member  of  St.  James  Episcopal  church, 
in  which  he  served  as  warden  and  he  also  belonged  to  the  St.  James  Club.  His 
keen  sagacity  enabled  him  to  recognize  the  different  spirits  of  the  business  cir- 
cles in  the  old  world  and  in  the  new,  to  adapt  himself  to  changed  conditions  and 
to  work  along  lines  of  new  world  progress.  Thus  he  became  a  recognized  leader 
in  insurance  circles  occupying  a  prominent  position  until  1889  when  he-  went  to 
Denver,  Colorado,  for  his  health,  there  passing  away  on  the  26th  of  February, 
of  that  year. 


CHARLES    P.    HEBERT. 

Charles  P.  Hebert,  the  first  president  of  the  wholesale  grocery  firm  of  Iludon, 
Hebert  &  Company.  Ltd.,  of  Montreal,  was  born  in  tlie  prelty  little  village  of  St. 
Charles  on  the 'Richelieu  river,  and  when  a  young  man  made  his  way  to  the  city 
which  was  ever  afterward  his  home.  Here  he  began  business  in  a  small  way  and 
by  energy  and  industry  soon  built  up  his  establishment.  In  1883  he  Isecame  a 
member  of  the  firm  of  Hudon,  Hebert  &  Company.  The  business  was  originally 
established  under  the  style  of  E.  &  V.  Hudon  and  subsequently  was  conducted 


CHARLICS   P.   HEliEKT 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  331 

uudur  llie  name  of  V.  lliulun  and  later  became  J.  lludon  &  Company.  In  1906 
it  was  incorporated  as  liudun,  liebert  &  Company,  Charles  P.  Hebert  becommg 
the  first  president  of  that  cori)oralion.  They  are  wholesale  grocers  and  wine 
mercliants,  the  premier  establishment  of  its  kind  in  the  Dominion,  importing 
directly  from  manufacturers  in  luirope,  China,  Japan,  Asia  Minor  and  the 
United  States.  They  employ  one  hundred  and  seventy  people  in  their  Montreal 
establishment  and  have  twenty-five  salesmen  constantly  visiting  all  Canada,  sell- 
ing their  goods  from  the  Atlantic  to  the  Pacific  to  the  amount  of  five  million  dol- 
lars annually. 

Mr.  Hebert  always  took  a  deep  interest  in  Montreal's  charitable  institutions. 
He  was  president  of  the  board  of  management  of  the  Notre  Dame  Hospital  and 
was  also  connected  with  other  benevolent  organizations  and  projects.  He  served 
as  a  member  of  the  council  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade  and  filled  honorable 
positions  in  that  body,  including  those  of  vice  president  and  member  of  the 
board  of  arbitration.  He  was  one  of  the  directors  of  the  City  and  District  Sav- 
ings Bank  and  also  a  director  of  the  Masson  estate. 

Mr.  Hebert  died  at  his  home  at  No.  117  Champ  de  Mars,  Montreal,  July  17, 
1906,  and  was  survived  by  a  widow  and  six  children. 

After  the  death  of  Mr.  Hebert  Mr.  Joseph  Hudon  was  elected  president  of  the 
corporation  and  on  his  death  in  1908  Mr.  Albert  Hebert,  son  of  Charles  P. 
Hebert,  succeeded  to  the  presidency,  and  following  his  demise  in  191 1  Mr. 
Zephirin  Hebert,  also  a  son  of  Charles  P.  Hebert,  became  president  of  the 
company. 


REV.  ALEXANDER  CHARLESON  MANSON,  Ph.  D.,  D.  D. 

In  Presbyterian  circles  in  North  America  the  name  of  the  Rev.  Ale.xander 
Charleson  Manson  is  well  known  and  since  the  19th  of  April,  1912,  he  has  been 
pastor  of  the  Taylor  Presbyterian  church  of  Montreal,  one  of  the  largest  organ- 
izations of  the  city.  A  native  of  Thurso,  Scotland,  he  pursued  his  education  in 
the  schools  of  Edinburgh  and  of  Winnipeg,  Manitoba.  Studying  theology,  he 
won  his  Doctor  of  Divinity  degree  at  the  University  of  Chicago  and  he  first  served 
as  superintendent  of  missions  of  North  Dakota.  Later  he  accepted  a  pastorate 
in  Duluth,  Minnesota,  and  afterward  became  pastor  of  the  Eleventh  Presbyter- 
ian church  in  Chicago,  Illinois.  From  that  city  he  went  to  Detroit,  Michigan, 
in  response  to  a  call  from  the  Second  Avenue  Presbyterian  church  and  left  that 
city  to  come  to  Montreal  on  the  19th  of  April,  1912,  where  he  entered  upon  his 
duties  as  minister  of  the  Taylor  Presbyterian  church,  which  was  organized  July 
23,  1876,  with  Rev.  J.  J.  Casey  as  its  first  pastor.  He  continued  in  that  position 
until  March  16,  1882,  and  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  Thomas  Bennett,  who 
remained  in  charge  from  the  ist  of  December,  1885,  until  December  31,  1897. 
His  successor  was  the  Rev.  W.  D.  Reid,  who  continued  in  charge  until  1912, 
when  Rev.  Manson  became  pastor.  The  present  edifice  of  the  Taylor  Presbyterian 
church  was  erected  in  1893,  at  a  cost  of  about  sixty  thousand  dollars.  There  is 
a  membership  of  nine  hundred  and  thirteen,  with  a  Sunday  school  of  four  hundred 


332  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

and  fifty  members,  and  the  Junior  Christian  Endeavor  Society  is  the  largest  in 
the  city.  There  is  a  strong  Sunday  Afternoon  Club,  a  First  Company  of  Montreal 
Boys  Brigade  and  a  Ladies  Athletic  Club  as  auxiliary  organizations  to  the 
church.  In  fact,  the  church  work  has  been  thoroughly  systematized  in  every 
department,  and  splendid  results  are  being  accomplished.  The  church  is  in 
touch  with  the  broader  idea  that  the  best  Christian  service  can  be  accomplished 
with  better  physical  and  mental  as  well  as  moral  development.  Aluch  attention 
is  paid  to  the  social  life,  and  yet  nothing  for  a  moment  overshadows  the  founda- 
tion work  of  the  organization,  which  is  the  salvation  of  souls.  Rev.  Manson  is 
a  fluent,  earnest  speaker,  who  studies  life  and  its  problems  and  with  notable 
clearness  shows  the  relation  of  modern  day  conditions  to  the  lessons  that  have 
come  down  to  us  through  the  ages  from  the  moral  teachers  of  the  past. 

Rev.  Manson  was  married  June  24,  1889,  to  Miss  Mary  Elizabeth  Ferguson, 
of  Hamilton,  Ontario,  and  their  children  are:  Berith  Du  Val,  of  New  York 
city;  and  Vera  Charleson,  Allena  Conklin,  and  Leslie  Worden,  all  at  home.  At 
this  point  it  would  be  almost  tautological  to  enter  into  any  series  of  statements 
as  showing  Rev.  Manson  to  be  a  man  of  broad  intelligence  and  genuine  public 
spirit,  for  these  have  been  shadowed  forth  between  the  lines  of  this  review. 
Strong  in  his  individuality,  he  never  lacks  the  courage  of  his  convictions  but  there 
are  as  dominating  elements  in  this  individuality  a  lively  human  sympathy  and  an 
abiding  charity,  which,  as  taken  in  connection  with  the  sterling  integrity  and 
honor  of  his  character,  have  naturally  gained  for  him  the  respect  and  confidence 
of  men. 


REV.  THOMAS  JOSEPH  MacMAHON. 

One  of  the  most  able  Catholic  educators  in  Quebec  province,  a  man  sincere, 
straightforward  and  reliable  in  the  discharge  of  the  duties  and  obligations  of  life, 
most  earnest  and  consecrated  in  his  work  as  a  priest  of  the  Society  of  Jesus,  is 
Rev.  Thomas  Joseph  MacMahon,  rector  of  Loyola  College  in  Montreal.  He  has 
been  connected  with  this  institution  since  1912  and,  constantly  following  high 
ideals  and  guiding  his  actions  by  sound  and  practical  judgment,  has  been  an 
important  factor  in  its  later  development  and  growth. 

Father  MacMahon  was  born  at  Hamilton.  Ontario,  December  12,  1874,  and 
received  his  primary  education  at  the  Catholic  separate  schools  in  that  city,  later 
attending  Hamilton  high  school  and  St.  Mary's  College,  Montreal.  Entering  the 
Society  of  Jesus  in  1895,  he  was  sent  to  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  where  he  received 
a  long  Jesuit  training  in  philosophy  and  theology,  after  which  he  returned  to 
Montreal,  where  he  was  ordained  to  the  priesthood  in  1910.  Father  MacMahon 
then  went  to  England  for  further  training  preparatory  tO'  taking  the  position  of 
prefect  of  studies  at  Loyola  College,  a  post  which  he  assumed  in  May,  1912.  He 
proved  a  capable  educator  and  an  excellent  disciplinarian  and  in  1913  was  advanced 
to  the  position  of  rector  of  the  college.  This  is  a  large  and  growing  institution 
conducted  by  the  Jesuit  Fathers  for  English-speaking  Catholic  boys  and  has  an 
enviable  reputation  throughout  eastern  Canada  for  the  thoroughness  of  its  train- 
ing and   the   comprehensive  courses  of   study   offered.     The   high   standard   of 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  333 

efficiency,  traditional  in  the  scliuol,  has  been  niainlaineil  nnder  I'^atlier  Mac.Malion's 
able  management  and  the  institution  has  made  a  creditable  growth  during  the 
period  of  his  incumbency.  He  has  made  himself  thoroughly  conversant  with  the 
affairs  of  the  college  and  is  rapidly  pushing  forward  the  work  on  the  construction 
of  the  new  buildings  at  Notre  Dame  de  Grace,  Sherbrooke  street,  Montreal  West, 
where  the  institution  will  be  moved  within  the  next  two  years. 

Besides  being  an  able  educator  and  a  farsighted  and  reliable  business  man. 
Father  MacMahon  is  known  also  as  a  preacher  of  rare  ability  and  power  and  has 
filled  most  of  the  pulpits  in  Montreal  and  the  vicinity  in  a  credital)le  manner.  He 
has  made  his  talents,  powers  and  abilities  forces  in  the  spread  of  the  Catholic 
religion  in  this  province  and  has  accomplished  a  great  deal  of  beneficial  and 
lasting  work  among  the  students  of  Loyola  College  and  the  people  of  the  city. 
He  has  their  love  in  large  measure,  while  his  upright  and  honorable  chararter  and 
his  life  of  service  has  gained  him  the  respect  and  esteem  of  people  of  all  denomi- 
nations. 


ROBERT  WARD  SHEPHERD. 

An  age  of  intense  commercial  activity  calls  forth  the  powers  of  men  who  can 
grapple  with  new  conditions  and  utilize  the  opportunities  that  come  with  suc- 
cessive changes.  Adequate  to  the  demands  of  the  hour,  Robert  W^Trd  Shepherd 
occupied  a  central  place  on  the  stage  of  business  activity  at  Montreal  for  more 
than  a  half  century.  The  high  ideals  which  he  cherished  found  embodiment  in 
practical  effort  for  their  adoption.  He  was  no  dreamer,  for  his  theories  were 
such  as  could  be  put  into  successful  execution  and  his  business  record  balanced 
up  with  the  principles  of  truth  and  honor.  As  the  president  of  the  Ottawa  River 
Navigation  Company,  he  was  known  to  thousands  of  people  in  Ottawa  valley  and 
he  also  figured  in  financial  circles  as  vice  president  of  the  ^Molson  Bank. 

Of  English  birth,  Mr.  Shepherd  came  to  Montreal  immediately  after  his 
arrival  in  Canada  and  soon  entered  into  active  connection  with  the  Ottawa  River 
Navigation  Company,  then  under  the  presidency  of  Sir  George  Simpson.  For 
some  years  he  was  captain  of  one  of  the  boats  of  the  line  but  was  called  into  the 
office  to  fill  a  position  demanding  executive  force  and  keen  discrimination.  He- 
was  made  manager  and  from  that  post  rose  to  the  position  of  president,  in  which 
connection  he  continued  until  his  demise.  Under  his  guidance  the  business  of  the 
Ottawa  River  Navigation  Company  continuously  developed  along  substantial' 
lines,  and  progressiveness  was  as  manifest  in  the  care  of  its  patrons  and  the  equip- 
ment of  its  vessels  as  in  any  other  line  or  field  of  business.  Those  who  met  Mr. 
Shepherd  found  him  genial,  courteous  and  obliging,  and  at  the  same  time  he- 
possessed  the  keen  sagacity  and  clear  reasoning  so  indispensable  to  the  successful 
conduct  of  any  enterprise.  Becoming  interested  in  IMolson's  Bank,  he  was  elected 
vice  president  and  director,  filling  the  former  position  for  more  than  twenty  years. 
In  all  business  affairs  he  was  clear-headed,  farsighted,  and  the  record  which  he 
left  behind  him  for  integrity  and  sterling  worth  is  one  which  might  be  envied 
by  all. 


334  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Mr.  Shepherd  was  married  to  Miss  Mary  C.  de  Les  Derniers  of  the  province 
of  Quebec,  and  they  became  the  parents  of  nine  children:  Robert  \V.,  who  died 
in  1912;  Miss  F.  A.  R. ;  Dr.  Francis  J.;  Sherringham  A.;  A.  Maude  M.,  who  is 
the  widow  of  Haldane  Haswell ;  Esther  E.,  who  married  Dr.  \V.  A.  Molson  and  is 
now  deceased ;  Beatrice  H.,  who  married  Arthur  Henshaw ;  Mary  R.,  the  widow 
of  George  R.  Robertson ;  and  de  Les  Derniers.  The  mother  passed  away  in  1902, 
having  for  seven  years  survived  Mr.  Shepherd,  whose  death  occurred  August  29, 
1895,  when  he  was  seventy-six  years  of  age. 

Mr.  Shepherd  was  a  member  and  one  of  the  founders  of  St.  George's  church 
and  in  his  Christian  faith  was  found  the  root  of  his  activities  in  behalf  of  his 
fellowmen  and  of  the  principles  which  governed  his  life.  He  belonged  to  the  St. 
James  Club  and  was  greatly  interested  in  art,  acting  as  vice  president  of  the  Art 
Gallery  of  the  city.  He  was  one  of  the  committee  of  management  of  the  Montreal 
'General  Hospital ;  was  a  member  of  the  committee  of  management  of  the  Mackay 
Institution,  and  a  generous  supporter  of  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the  Insane. 
He  gave  freely  of  his  means  to  various  charitable  institutions  which  seek  to 
.ameliorate  the  hard  conditions  of  life  for  the  unfortunate.  Duty  and  honor  were 
his  watchwords  and  justice  one  of  his  strong  characteristics. 


JUDSON  ALBERT  DECEW. 

Judson  Albert  DeCew,  chemical  engineer,  whose  identification  with  leading 
chemical  societies  in  this  country  and  the  United  States  attests  his  higher  pro- 
fessional standing,  was  born  in  Waterford,  Ontario,  on  the  14th  of  December, 
1874.  He  is  descended  from  Captain  John  DeCew,  a  United  Empire 
Loyalist,  who  served  in  the  War  of  1812  and  in  whose  house,  at  DeCew  Falls 
near  St.  Catharines,  Ontario,  Lieutenant  Fitzgibbon  and  his  soldiers  were  quar- 
tered, when  Laura  Secord  gave  the  warning  which  enabled  them  to  capture  the 
United  States  forces  under  Colonel  Boerstler.  Mr.  DeCew's  parents  are  Thomas 
Howard  and  \'aldora  (Beemer)  DeCew,  both  of  whom  are  living  at  Sault  Ste. 
Marie,  Ontario.  He  was  married  on  August  20,  1913,  to  Mabel  Marshall,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Marshall,  educationist,  of  Weyburn,  Saskatchewan.  She  is  a  grad- 
uate in  arts  of  Queen's  University  with  the  class  of  1910. 

After  finishing  his  early  education  at  Woodstock  College,  he  attended  the 
School  of  Practical  Science  of  Toronto,  graduating  in  1896.  After  spending 
four  years  in  practical  work  he  held  a  fellowship  in  the  L^niversity  of  Toronto 
in  1901  and  took  the  degree  of  Bachelor  of  Applied  Science  with  the  class  of 
1902.  In  the  same  year  he  took  a  position  as  chemical  engineer  with  the  Canada 
Paper  Company,  which  he  held  until  1905.  In  1906  Mr  DeCew  came  to  Mon- 
treal and  established  himself  as  a  consulting  chemical  engineer.  In  1913  he 
-organized  the  Process  Engineers  Company,  of  which  he  is  the  ])resident.  He 
IS  the  leading  member  of  the  chemical  engineering  profession  in  Canada  and  one 
of  its  most  eminent  representatives  on  the  American  continent.  He  is  the 
inventor  of  a  number  of  important  chemical  processes,  and  his  name  has  become 
widely  known  as  the  author  of  articles  relating  to  the  manufacture  of  paper, 
which  have  appeared  from  time  to  time  in  technical  journals.     Mr.  DcCew  has 


A 


JUDSON  A.  DECEW 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  337 

delivered  lectures  on  the  manufacture  of  paper  and  has  been  appointed  on 
advisory  committees  for  technical  researches.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the 
American  Institute  of  Chemical  Engineers  since  1908  and  an  associate  member 
of  the  Canadian  Society  of  Civil  Engineers  since  1906.  He  is  also  a  member 
of  the  American  Society  of  Testing  Materials,  the  American  Chemical  Society, 
the  Society  of  Chemical  Industry,  and  the  American  Wood  Preservers  Asso- 
ciation. Mr.  UeCew  is  a  member  of  the  Chemists  Club,  New  York,  and  the 
Outremont  Golf  Club  and  the  University  Club  of  Montreal. 


FISCHEL  SHIP. 


A  position  of  leadership  is  accorded  Fischel  Ship  in  Jewish  circles  in  Montreal 
because  of  his  active  and  prominent  identification  with  commercial,  educational 
and  benevolent  projects.  He  was  for  many  years  a  very  successful  business 
man,  and  as  he  has  prospered  he  has  given  generously  in  support  of  measures 
tending  to  the  intellectual  progress  of  his  people,  and  generous  aid  to  those  in  need 
of  assistance.  He  was  born  January  6,  1853,  in  Paranshoff,  Poland,  a  son  of 
Abraham  Jacob  and  Pearl  (Leah)  Ship. "  The  father  engaged  in  the  tailoring 
business  in  Poland,  and  it  was  in  that  country  that  Fischel  Ship  pursued  his 
education.  He  was  a  young  man  of  nineteen  years  when  he  crossed  the  Atlantic, 
making  his  way  to  Montreal  in  1872.  He  had  received  business  training  under 
his  father  and  had  become  thoroughly  acquainted  with  the  tailoring  trade.  Fol- 
lowing his  arrival  in  this  city  he  established  a  merchant  tailoring  business  and  as 
the  years  went  on  won  a  liberal  patronage,  bringing  him  a  gratifying  competence. 
At  the  time  that  he  entered  trade  circles  of  Montreal  there  were  only  five  mer- 
chants in  his  line  of  business  in  the  city.  Throughout  the  succeeding  period  up 
to  the  time  of  his  retirement  he  always  managed  to  keep  in  the  front  rank  among 
the  merchant  tailors  of  Montreal,  receiving  a  liberal  patronage  from  the  best  class 
of  citizens,  because  of  excellent  style  and  workmanship,  which  were  features  of 
his  shop,  and  his  thoroughly  reliable  business  methods.  He  always  carried  on 
business  on  St.  Lawrence  Main  street,  but  about  eleven  years  ago  retired  from 
active  connection  with  commercial  interests  to  enjoy  a  well  earned  and  well 
merited  rest. 

Mr.  Ship,  however,  continues  his  activities  along  other  lines  resulting  directly 
in  the  benefit  of  his  fellowmen.  He  is  chairman  of  the  building  committee,  gov- 
ernor, trustee,  and  member  of  the  relief  and  cemetery  committees  of  the  Baron 
De  Hirsch  Institute.  He  is  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital. 
For  a  quarter  of  a  century  he  has  been  a  trustee  of  the  McGill  College  Avenue 
synagogue,  was  vice  president  of  the  synagogue  for  four  years  and  has  always 
been  chairman  of  the  building  committee.  He  is  most  loyal  to  his  religious  belief 
and  at  all  times  has  been  generous  and  helpful  toward  the  unfortunate. 

On  the  loth  of  February,  1869,  Mr.  Ship  was  united  in  marriage  to  Miss  Flora 
Blumenthal,  a  daughter  of  Phillip  Blumenthal,  who  was  the  first  ow-ner  of  the 
coaches  in  Ozerkoft,  Poland.  Unto  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ship  have  been  born  three  chil- 
dren :  Leah,  now  the  wife  of  C.  Sisenwain ;  Ray,  now  Mrs.  S.  P.  Myers ;  Abe 
Phillip,  who  is  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine  in  Montreal  and  who  married 


338  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

Leah  Sessenwain,  of  this  city.  In  pohtics  Mr.  Ship  has  always  been  a  liberal,  nor 
has  he  sought  office  as  a  reward  for  party  fealty.  However,  for  the  past  six- 
teen years  he  has  been  justice  of  the  peace  for  the  island  of  Montreal  and  has 
discharged  his  duties  with  promptness,  fidelity  and  impartiality.  He  is  a  veteran 
of  the  Odd  Fellows  Association  and  also  a  member  of  the  Royal  Arcanum.  He 
has  never  had  occasion  to  regret  his  determination  to  come  to  the  new  world, 
for  here  he  has  found  the  opportunities  which  he  sought  and  has  gradually 
worked  his  way  upward  until  he  has  won  place  among  the  substantial  and  highly 
respected  citizens  of  Montreal. 


RENE  HEBERT,  M.  D. 

Dr.  Rene  Hebert,  successfully  engaged  in  the  practice  of  medicine  in  Montreal, 
in  which  city  he  was  born  October  2,  1869,  is  a  son  of  Charles  P.  Hebert,  one  of 
the  founders  of  the  wholesale  grocery  house  of  Hudon,  Hebert  &  Company.  He 
was  educated  at  Plateau  Academy.  Montreal  College  and  Laval  University,  being 
graduated  from  the  last  named  with  the  degree  of  M.  D.  in  1892.  During  the 
succeeding  year  he  was  an  interne  at  Notre  Dame  Hospital  and  then  went  abroad 
for  further  study,  spending  two  years  in  study  and  research  work  in  Paris, 
specializing  in  diseases  of  the  heart  and  lungs. 

In  1S95  Dr.  Hebert  began  active  practice  in  Montreal,  openiVig  an  office  on 
St.  Denis  street.  He  is  superintendent  of  St.  Paul's  Hospital,  physicain  to  Notre 
Dame  Hospital,  and  a  professor  in  the  medical  and  dental  departments  of  Laval 
University.  His  professional  connections  are  important,  and  it  is  recognized  that 
he  is  a  thorough  and  discriminating  student  and  most  conscientious  in  the  per- 
formance of  his  professional  duties. 

Dr.  Hebert  married  Miss  Alice  .Auger.  Their  religious  faith  is  that  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  church.  Aside  from  his  professional  interests.  Dr.  Hebert  is  a 
director  of  the  wholesale  grocery  firm  of  Hudon,  Hebert  &  Company.  In  strictly 
professional  lines  he  is  connected  with  La  Societe  de  Medicine  and  Officier 
d'  Academic.  At  all  times  he  holds  to  high  standards,  and  wide  reading  is  con- 
stantly augmenting  his  skill  and  efficiency,  manifested  in  the  successful  manner 
with  which  he  copes  with  the  intricate  problems  that  are  continually  confronting 
the  physician. 


CLEMENT  ANTOINE  GUERTIN. 

Of  old  and  distinguished  pioneer  stock  of  French  extraction  Clement  Antoine 
Guertin  upholds  the  traditions  of  familv  ])rominence  as  one  of  the  most  able 
legal  representatives  of  the  Montrcrd  and  ])rovincial  bar.  .Mtliough  he  has  been 
in  practice  for  not  many  years  he  enjoys  a  reputation  second  to  none,  as  he  has 
proven  his  ability  in  connection  with  important  interests.  Not  only  is  Mr. 
Guertin   well  versed  in  the  letter  of  the  law  and  the  ]irinciples  that  affect  its 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  339 

ndniinistrntion,  not  only  is  he  a  dcej)  thinkci"  and  logical  reasoncr,  Init  he  has 
an  insight  into  the  Cdnduct  of  hnnian  beings  which  permits  him  to  clearly  define 
cause  and  effect  in  human  actions,  and  he  therefore  readily  penetrates  to  the 
root  of  such  problems  as  demand  legal  help  for  solution.  He  has  long  been 
recognized  as  one  of  the  able  general  practitioners  in  the  city,  and  his  services 
are  in  large  demand,  resulting  in  a  gratifying  measure  of  financial  returns. 

Clement  Antoine  Guertin  was  Ijorn  at  St.  y\ntoine,  in  the  county  of  Ver- 
cheres,  province  of  Quebec,  on  the  22d  of  November,  1870,  a  son  of  Leon  Guer- 
tin, an  agriculturist  of  St.  Antoine,  who  was  born  in  1817  and  passed  away  in 
1876,  and  Marie  Louise  Euchariste  (Geoffrion)  Guertin,  a  native  of  Varennes. 
The  first  of  the  family  in  Canada  was  the  famous  and  well  known  Guertin, 
calletl  Louis  Le  Sabotier,  who  was  born  in  1635,  a  son  of  Louis  and  Georgette 
(LeDuc)  Guertin,  from  Daumeray,  near  Angers,  France.  He  married  first  at 
Montreal  on  January  26,  1659,  Elizabeth  Le  Camus,  and  second,  Catherine  Roy. 
Among  his  children  were  Louis,  Pierre,  Paul  and  others.  Paul  Guertin,  alias 
Chertin,  alias  Diertin,  was  a  son  of  Louis,  born  in  Montreal  on  the  2d  of  May, 
1680.  At  Contrecoeur,  on  the  19th  of  March,  1702,  he  married  Madeleine  Plouffe 
and  among  their  children  were  Pierre,  Paul  and  Francois.  The  latter  married 
Catherine  Dudevoir  at  St.  Antoine  in  1745  and  among  their  children  were  Pierre, 
Joseph,  Francois  and  others.  Joseph,  born  March  6,  1755,  married  Marie  Louise 
Circe,  called  St.  Michel,  at  St.  Antoine  in  1777  and  among  their  children  was 
Pierre,  born  October  9,  1781.  He  married  Marguerite  Duhamel,  who  bore  her 
husband  the  following  children :  Pierre,  Noel,  Leon,  Marguerite,  Flavien, 
Alexis,  Calixte,  Zoe  and  Louis.  Leon  Guertin,  third  son  of  Pierre,  was  born 
March  12,  1817.  His  first  union  was  with  Theotis  Brodeur,  who  bore  him  the 
following  children :  Octavie,  Pauline,  Leopold,  Stanislas  and  Melanie.  His 
second  wife  was  Marie  Louise  Euchariste  Geoffrion  and  the  children  of  this 
marriage  were  Joseph,  Louis,  Marie  Louise  and  Clement  Antoine.  Leon  Guer- 
tin. the  father  of  our  subject,  is  the  sixth  in  direct  descent  from  Louis  Guertin, 
Le  Sabotier.  Pierre  Guertin,  the  grandfather  of  our  subject,  and  his  sons, 
Pierre,  Noel  and  Leon,  took  part  in  the  battle  of  St.  Denis,  November  22,  1837. 
Louis  Guertin,  a  brother  of  our  subject,  is  father  of  the  Holy  Cross  Congrega- 
tion, a  director  of  Memramcook  University  of  New  Brunswick,  and  took  in 
Rome  in  philosophy  and  theology  the  degree  of  Doctor  cum  maxima  laude, 
also  taking  scientific -work  at  Harvard.  A  brother  of  the  mother  of  our  subject, 
Father  L.  Geoffrion,  of  the  Holy  Cross  Congregation,  was  for  fifteen  years 
director  of  St.  Laurent  College,  near  Montreal. 

Clement  Antoine  Guertin  received  a  thorough  and  varied  education.  He 
attended  the  St.  Antoine  village  school,  the  St.  Denis  Commercial  College  and 
also  took  courses  in  commercial  English,  French  and  classical  studies  at  St. 
Laurent.  He  received  the  degree  of  B.  L.  in  1893  from  the  law  faculty  of 
Laval  University,  in  1896  became  LL.  B.  and  in  January,  1897,  was  made  an 
advocate.  He  has  ever  since  followed  his  profession  successfully  in  Montreal 
and  as  his  experience' has  expanded  has  become  one  of  the  few  successful  lawyers 
whose  reputation  marks  them  for  distinction. 

On  the  24th  of  April,  1901,  at  Montreal,  Mr.  Guertin  was  married  to  Miss 
Marie  Anne  Josephine  Lamontagne,  a  daughter  of  G.  A.  Lamontagne,  a  merchant 
tailor  of  Montreal  and  Malvina  (Beauchamp)  Lamontagne.    They  had  one  daugh- 


340  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

ter,  Simonne,  born  April   i6,   1902,  who  died  July  2d  of  the  same  year.     The 
mother  passed  away  on  June  26,  1912. 

From  September,  1910,  to  May,  1912,  Mr.  Guertin  was  a  member  of  the 
Montreal  council  of  the  bar  and  from  May,  191 1,  to  May,  1912,  a  member  of 
the  provincial  council.  His  club  relations  are  with  the  St.  Denis,  Delorimier 
and  the  Union  du  Commerce  of  Montreal.  His  faith  is  that  of  the  Roman 
Catholic  church.  He  has  secured  one  of  the  most  exclusive  and  representative 
practices  in  Montreal,  his  success  being  the  best  evidence  of  his  capability.  His 
pleas  are  always  characterized  by  terse  logic  and  lucid  presentation,  and  he 
always  has  a  decisive  conviction  as  to  the  rights  of  the  question  he  represents. 
It  is  his  ambition  to  make  his  native  talents  subserve  the  demands  of  the  social 
and  business  conditions  of  the  day,  and  he  stands  today  as  a  splendid  represen- 
tative of  a  lawyer  to  whom  personal  prosperity  is  but  secondary  in  importance 
and  who  considers  many  ideal  elements  more  vital  in  the  making  up  of  human 
existence.  His  industry  and  energy  have  found  a  reward  which  is  based  on  a 
distinguished   name  and   accomplishments   rather   than   incidental   prosperity. 


WILLIAM  SUTHERLAND  MAXWELL. 

William  Sutherland  Alaxwell,  an  architect  of  Montreal,  whose  high  profes- 
sional standing  is  indicated  by  the  large  number  of  fine  structures  which  stand 
as  monuments  to  his  skill  and  ability,  brought  to  bear  at  the  outset  of  his 
professional  career  the  broad  knowledge  gained  from  comprehensive  and  thorough 
training.  Montreal  numbers  him  among  her  native  sons,  his  birth  having  here 
occurred  on  the  14th  of  November,  1874,  his  parents  being  E.  J.  and  Johanna 
(MacBeanj  Maxwell,  ia  the  acquirement  of  his  education  William  Sutherland 
Maxwell,  after  attending  the  Montreal  high  school,  went  to  Boston,  ^Nlassa- 
chusetts,  for  professional  training  and  afterward  entered  the  Ecole  des  Beaux 
Arts  of  Paris,  France.  His  training  was  thus  received  from  men  eminent  in  the 
profession  in  America  and  in  Europe,  and  in  1898  he  was  admitted  to  the 
Quebec  Architects  Association.  Beginning  the  practice  of  his  profession  he 
formed,  a  partnership  with  his  brother,  Edward  Maxwell,  and  in  his  chosen  life 
work  lie  has  made  steady,  advancement,  his  unfolding  powers  and  increasing 
ability  gaining  for  him  distinction  and  sucoess.  In  1909  he  was  elected  a  member 
of  the  Royal  Canadian  Academy  and  in  1908  was  chosen  a  councillor  of  the 
Association  of  Architects  of  the  province  of  Quebec.  He  is  i)resident  of  the 
Province  of  Quebec  Association  of  .A^rchitects  for  1914.  While  practicing  his 
profession  in  association  with  his  brother  there  stand  as  monuments  to  their 
skill  and  ability  many  fine  structures  not  only  in  the  east  but  also  in  the  west. 
Among  the  works  executed  by  them  are  the  Hotel  Alexandra  at  Winnipeg,  for 
the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company,  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  station 
at  Winnipeg,  the  residence  of  C.  R.  Hosmer,  the  .Mexandra  Hospital  for  Infec- 
tious Diseases,  the  Nurses  Home  for  the  Royal  X'ictorian  Hospital,  the  monu- 
ment to  Lord  Strathcona  and  South  .African  soldiers  nf  which  (ieorge  W.  Hill 
was  the  sculptor,  the  monument  to  the  Hon.  John  Voting,  of  which  Philip 
Hebert  was  the  sculjjtor,  the  bank  buildings  for  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  Molson's 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^K  ^                                                                     ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 

Wr^^M 

■^^.^j^^H 

WILT.IAJI  S.  5IAXWF.LL 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  343 

Bank,  ihe  Royal  Bank  antl  the  Iniiklings  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital.  They 
were  also  the  architects  of  the  Government  llonse  in  Regina,  Saskatchewan,  the 
Calgary  Hotel  for  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  Company,  at  Calgary,  and  the 
Montreal  Art  Association's  new  building  in  Montreal.  Xo  more  definite  indica- 
tion of  Mr.  Maxwell's  high  professional  standing  can  he  given  than  the  list  of 
these  buildings  which  have  become  tangible  factors  in  the  iiniirovcment  of  various 
cities. 

In  May,  1902,  occurred  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Maxwell  and  Miss  Mary  Ellis 
Bolles,  of  New  York,  who  is  well  known  in  connection  with  charitable  and  i)hil- 
anthropic  work,  being  now  a  councillor  of  the  Children's  Aid  Society.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Arts  Club,  the  Ten  and  Pencil  Club  ruid  the 
Kanawaki  Golf  Club.  The  family  residence  is  at  Xo.  716  Pine  avenue,  MoiUreal. 
Mr.  Maxwell  has  concentrated  his  energies  upon  his  profession,  and  he  has 
every  reason  to  be  proud  of  the  fact  that  he  has  been  elected  to  membership  in 
the  Ecole  des  Beaux  Arts  Society  of  Paris.  He  was  president  of  tlie  Arts  Club 
of  Montreal  for  1913  and  is  so  serving  for  1914. 


HENRI  ■  ROY. 


With  intense  activity  well  directed,  with  untiring  energy,  business  ability, 
resourcefulness  and  controlled  ambition,  Henri  Roy  has  reached  a  position  of 
iinportance  in  the  affairs  of  La  Societe  des  Artisans  Canadiens-Franqais,  of  which 
he  has  been  secretary  and  treasurer  since  1892. 

His  influence  has  affected  the  policies  and  the  direction  of  developments  of 
this  great  fraternal  insurance  company  of  Montreal,  and  the  years  of  his  connec- 
tion with  it  have  proven  mutually  useful  and  beneficial. 

Mr.  Roy  was  born  September  11,  1864,  in  St.  Alexandre,  near  St.  Jean. 
Quebec,  and  acquired  his  education  in  the  public  schools  and  in  St.  Cesaire  Com- 
mercial College,  fitting  himself  in  the  latter  institution  for  the  business  career 
which  he  had  determined  upon. 

When  he  left  his  native  city  he  went  to  Quebec  where  for  some  years  he  was 
connected  with  a  wholesale  firm.  In  1888  he  came  to  Montreal  and  until  1899 
was  associated  with  the  wholesale  house  of  Hodgson,  Sumner  &  Company. 

Upon  coming  to  Montreal  in  1888,  Mr.  Roy  began  his  connection  with  La 
Societe  des  Canadiens-Frangais  as  an  accountant,  employing  his  evenings  in  this 
capacity.  Advancement  came  rapidly,  for  Mr.  Roy  proved  himself  a  farsighted, 
resourceful  and  discriminating  business  man  who  could  be  relied  upon  to  carry 
forward  to  successful  completion  whatever  he  undertook.  In  1892  he  was  elected 
secretary  and  treasurer  of  the  society,  positions  which  he  has  filled  with  ability 
and  distinction  since  that  time.  The  work  has  made  continued  demands  upon 
his  tact,  his  versatility,  his  administrative  ability,  and  these  demands  have  been 
met  fully  and  completely,  Mr.  Roy  being  today  one  of  the  most  prominent  and 
widely  known  officials  of  the  company  he  represents. 

In  18S8  when  he  became  associated  with  the  society  it  had  accumulated  funds 
of  ten  thousand  seven  hundred  thirty-one  dollars  and  ten  cents,  and  a  membership 
of  one  thousand  three  himdred  thirty-two,  limited  to  the  island  of   Montreal ; 


344  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

today  (1914)  its  accumulated  funds  are  two  million  three  hundred  thirty-seven 
thousand  three  hundred  eighty-two  dollars  and  seventy-two  cents,  its  member- 
ship numbers  thirty-nine  thousand  ninety-four  and  its  field  of  action  covers  all 
American  territory  where  there  are  French-Canadians. 

May  6,  1896,  Mr.  Roy  married  Miss  Celina  Canty  of  Bathurst,  New  Bruns- 
wick, and  to  them  have  come  a  family  of  eleven  children,  seven  of  whom  are 
living,  Berthe,  Pierre,  Olive,  Jeanne,  Celina,  Louis  and  \'ictoria. 

Mr.  Roy  is  well  and  favorably  known  in  -Montreal,  where  for  more  than  a 
quarter  of  a  century  he  has  made  his  home.  His  success  and  the  standards  by 
which  it  has  been  obtained  have  gained  for  him  the  respect  of  his  business  asso- 
ciates, and  his  sterling  qualities  of  character  the  esteem  and  good-will  of  many 
friends. 


LUDGER  GRAVEL. 


Ludger  Gravel  is  well  known  in  business  circles  of  Montreal  as  a  dealer  in 
carriage  maker's  and  blacksmith's  supplies,  as  president  of  Societe  des  Artisans 
Canadiens-Francais  and  also  as  a  successful  manufacturer's  agent,  connected  in 
this  way  with  some  of  the  most  important  industrial  concerns  in  Canada,  the 
Lnited  States  and  Europe.  The  industry  and  the  spirit  of  enterprise,  progress 
and  initiative  which  have  brought  him  success  have  also  been  factors  in  his 
conduct  of  his  extensive  interests  and  place  him  today  among  the  men  of  marked 
ability  and  substantial  worth  in  this  community. 

Mr.  Gravel  was  born  in  1864.  at  St.  Raphael,  He  Bizard,  Canada,  and 
acquired  his  education  in  Montreal,  beginning  his  business  career  immediately 
after  laying  aside  his  books.  He  was  for  eight  months  with  Thomas  Wilson 
&  Company  of  this  city  and  at  the  end  of  that  time  became  connected  with 
P.  P.  Mailloux  at  223  St.  Paul  street,  with  whom  he  remained  over  twenty 
years,  rising  during  that  time  to  a  position  of  weight  and  responsibility  and 
proving  himself  a  farsighted,  capable  and  progressive  business  man.  Having 
shown  his  worth  and  his  capability,  Mr.  Gravel  eventually  engaged  in  business 
for  himself,  establishing  the  extensive  business  which  he  now  conducts.  Under 
his  able  management  this  has  become  a  large  and  important  enterprise  and  it  is 
still  growing,  for  Mr.  Gravel  is  constantly  extending  the  field  of  his  activity 
and  forming  new  commercial  relations.  In  addition  to  his  retail  business  he 
is  also  acting  as  exclusive  agent  in  Montreal  for  a  number  of  manufacturing 
firms  in  Canada,  the  United  States  and  Europe,  and  his  inip(5rtant  connections 
along  this  line  are  conclusive  proof  of  his  jjrominence  and  high  standing  in 
business  circles.  Among  the  firms  which  he  represents  may  be  mentioned 
the  following:  Ontario  Asphalt  Block  Company.  Ltd.,  Walkerville,  Ontario; 
The  Standard  Paint  &  Varnish  Works,  Ltd.,  Windsor,  Ontario ;  The  Frank 
Miller  Company,  New  York,  New  York ;  Windsor  Turned  Goods  Company, 
Ltd.,  Windsor,  Ontario;  The  Conboy  Carriage  Company,  Ltd..  Toronto,  On- 
tario; The  Neverslij)  Manufacturing  Comi)any,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey; 
Sem.   Lacaille,   Nomininguc,  Quebec ;   Meilink's   Home  Deposit   Vaults,  Toledo. 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  345 

Ohio;  i'roprietairc  dc  I'lluile  Balmoral;  James  Boyd  &  Brothers,  Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania ;  and  Jacob  Maas  &  Company,  New  Orleans,  Louisiana. 

Mr.  Gravel  became  connected  with  Societe  des  Artisans  Canadiens-I'rancjais 
in  1903  when  he  was  elected  a  director,  and  his  ability  and  executive  skill  soon  com- 
manded for  him  a  place  of  power  in  this  organization.  He  was  made  second 
vice  president  in  1904  and  first  vice  president  in  1906  and  in  1910  was  elected 
president,  a  position  which  he  has  held  since  that  time.  The  demands  which  it 
has  made  upon  his  energy,  his  enterprise  and  his  executive  ability  have  been 
completely  met,  and  the  fortunes  of  the  society  under  his  hands  have  been 
constantly  prosperous.  He  has  been  a  member  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce 
since  its  organization  and  at  present  is  one  of  its  directors.  His  membership  in 
mutual,  charitable,  antiquarian,  social,  political  and  sporting  clubs  is  extensive 
and  in  a  number  of  them  he  holds  official  position.  However  his  business  never 
suffers  from  these  connections  and  his  time  and  attention  are  so  distributed  that 
he  proves  a  valuable  member  in  all  of  the  organizations. 

On  May  26,  1891,  in  Montreal  Mr.  Gravel  was  married  to  Laura  Roy,  the 
daughter  of  Alfred  Roy.  Of  the  fourteen  children  born  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Gravel, 
six  are  now  living  as  follows,  Olympe,  L.  Pierre,  Germaine,  Emelia,  Lucette 
and  Simone. 

With  the  extension  of  his  interests  Mr.  Gravel's  powers  have  continually 
developed,  his  insight  has  deepened,  his  view  broadened  and  with  the  passing 
years  he  has  become  a  man  of  power  and  prominence,  finding  in  the  field  of 
business  the  best  scope  for  his  interests  and  activities.  He  is  a  devout  member 
of  the  Roman  Catholic  church  and  his  upright  life  which  has  been  guided  by  its 
principles,  has  brought  him  prominence,  substantial  fortune  and  the  respect  and 
esteem  of  many  friends. 


SEVERIN  LETOURNEAU,  K.  C. 

Severin  Letourneau,  who  has  advanced  beyond  the  ranks  of  the  many  and 
stands  among  the  able  and  successful  few  in  the  practice  of  law  and  in  liberal 
leadership,  is  a  native  of  St.  Constant,  born  on  the  23d  of  May,  1871.  His 
preliminary  education  acquired  in  the  Jacques  Cartier  Normal  school,  was  sup- 
plemented by  a  course  in  Laval  University,  in  which  he  completed  his  law 
studies  and  was  graduated  with  the  class  of  1895.  In  July  following  he  was 
called  to  the  bar  and  at  once  entered  upon  active  practice  of  his  profession  in 
which  he  has  made  continuous  progress.  Advancement  at  the  bar  is  proverbially 
slow  and  yet,  no  dreary  novitiate  awaited  Mr.  Letourneau,  who,  during  the 
eighteen  years  of  his  practice  has  won  a  high  reputation  by  reason  of  his 
broad  legal  knowledge  and  the  skill  and  ability  in  which  he  handles  his  cases, 
mastering  the  points  in  evidence  with  the  precision  of  a  military  commander 
who  marshals  his  troops  on  the  field  of  battle.  In  1906  he  was  appointed  king's 
counsel.  He  is  today  practicing  as  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Pelletier,  Letour- 
neau &  Beaulieu,  advocates,  with  a  clientage  that  is  extensive  and  important. 

Mr.   Letourneau   is  prominently  known  as  one  of  the  leaders   of   the   liberal 
party  and  as  the  liberal  organizer  for  the  district  of  Montreal  has  justified  his 


346  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

appointment  by  the  series  of  brilliant  successes  that  have  been  scored  for  the 
liberal  party  in  and  around  the  city.  He  has  rendered  to  his  party  service  as 
a  tactician  and  he  is  now  sitting  for  Hochelaga  in  the  provincial  legislature, 
stanchly  supporting  Sir  Lomer  Gouin  in  his  policy  of  progressive  legislation.  Mr 
Letourneau  is  also  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Reform  Club.  He  is  a  man 
of  unfaltering  determination,  carrying  forward  to  successful  completion  what- 
ever he  undertakes,  whether  in  the  field  of  law  or  politics.  He  stands  stanchly 
for  the  right  as  he  sees  it,  and  his  position  is  never  an  equivocal  one. 


CHARLES  HAVILAND  ROUTH. 

Charles  Haviland  Routh,  insurance  broker,  occupying  a  position  among  the 
foremost  representatives  of  insurance  interests  in  the  Dominion,  has  in  this  direc- 
tion, followed  in  the  footsteps  of  his  father,  the  late  John  H.  Routh,  who  was  for 
a  quarter  century  agent  at  Montreal  for  the  Western  Assurance  Company.  Hav- 
iland L.  Routh,  grandfather  of  Charles  H.  Routh,  was  also  prominent  in  insurance 
circles,  being  Canadian  manager  for  the  Royal  Insurance  Company.  Charles  H. 
Routh  was  born  and  educated  in  this  city  and  throughout  the  period  of  his  identi- 
fication with  business  interests  has  been  connected  with  the  insurance  profession. 
He  is  lacking  in  none  of  the  qualities  requisite  for  advancement  and  success  in  his 
chosen  calling,  which  has  brought  him  a  wide  business  acquaintance.  He  is, 
however,  perhaps,  more  widely  known  as  a  yachtsman,  having  for  some  years 
been  commodore  of  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club,  of  which  he  became  a 
charter  member  in  1891.  Several  times  has  he  successfully  defended  the  Sea- 
wauhaka  Cup  and  there  are  those  who  feel  they  know  Mr.  Routh  at  his  best  when 
he  is  acting  in  that  capacity,  because  of  his  resourcefulness  and  the  joy  he  feels 
in  the  sport.  The  Toronto  Telegram  wrote  of  him ;  "He  has  been  pitted  against 
the  best  skippers  and  the  best  boats  that  the  United  States  can  produce,  but  has 
remained  the  same  level-headed  sailorman  in  all  his  contests."  Aside  from  his 
connections  with  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club,  he  belongs  to  the  Montreal 
Club  and  the  Montreal  Curling  Club.  He  is  enthusiastic  in  his  sports  and  equally 
so  in  anything  that  he  undertakes,  his  energy  and  interest  carrying  him  forward 
to  the  point  of  success  whether  it  l)e  along  the  line  of  business'-  or  of  pleasure. 


JOSEPH  LEON  ST.  JACQUES. 

In  no  profession  does  advancement  depend  more  surely  upon  individual  merit 
than  in  the  practice  of  law.  Comprehensive  knowledge  of  legal  principles  must 
constitute  the  foundation  for  success  which  can  only  be  won  at  the  cost  of 
earnest,  persistent  effort  and  study.  Recognizing  this  fact,  Joseph  Leon  St. 
Jacques  has  closely  api^lied  himself  to  the  mastery  of  the  principles  of  juris- 
prudence and  to  the  preparation  of  his  cases,  with  a  result  that  he  now  has  an 
extensive  and  representative  clientele.  He  practices  in  Montreal  and  has  spent 
his  entire  life  in  the  province  of  Quebec,  his  birth  linving  occurred  at  .St. Hernias, 


.l()M-;i'H   L.  ST.  .lACgUJvS 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  349 

in  tlie  county  of  Two  Alouiitains,  July  13,  1877,  'I's  parents  Ijcing  Joseph  and 
Cazilde  (Lafond)  St.  Jacques,  the  former  a  farmer  of  St.  llermas.  The  grand- 
father, F.  X.  St.  Jacques,  was  born  at  St.  Augustin,  in  the  county  of  Two 
Mountains  and  resided  for  many  years  in  Ottawa,  but  is  now  deceased.  The 
great-grandfather  was  Captain  Eustache  Cheval  dit  St.  Jacques  of  St.  Augustin, 
who  in  1837  remained  loyal  to  the  crown  and  in  1838  was  presented  a  sword  in 
token  of  the  recognition  of  his  loyalty  by  Her  Majesty,  Queen  N'ictoria.  The 
ancestors  of  the  family  have  the  name  of  Cheval  as  well  as  St.  Jacques. 

In  the  acquirement  of  his  education  Joseph  Leon  St.  Jacques  attended  the 
Jacques  Cartier  Normal  school  from  which  he  was  graduated  with  the  class  of 
1897,  obtaining  the  academic  diploma.  He  later  entered  Laval  University  in 
which  he  completed  his  course  in  1901,  winning  the  degrees  of  LL.  L.  and  LL.  M. 
The  same  year  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar  and  entered  upon  practice. '  In  the 
meantime,  however,  after  leaving  the  normal  school,  he  had  devoted  some  time 
to  teaching.  lie  began  practice  at  Lachute,  where  he  had  a  few  criminal  cases, 
including  the  trial  of  Robert  Day,  a  murder  case.  After  six  years  of  practice 
in  the  country  district  he  came  to  Montreal  and  entered  into  partnership  with 
Mr.  Gustave  Lamothe,  K.  C.  The  firm  of  Lamothe,  St.  Jacques  &  Lamothe 
has  an  extensive  clientele,  especially  among  religious  interests  and  municipal 
corporations.    He  is  also  a  director  of  some  financial  enterprises. 

On  the  19th  of  May,  1906,  at  St.  Hernias,  Mr.  St.  Jacques  was  married  to 
Miss  Albertine  Lafond,  a  daughter  of  Mathias  Lafond,  a  merchant  and  prominent 
citizen  of  his  municipality.  There  are  four  children  in  the  St.  Jacques  family; 
Jacques,  Jules,  Gustave  and  Alberte.  The  religious  faith  of  the  family  is  that 
of  the  Catholic  church.  In  politics  Mr.  St.  Jacques  is  a  conservative  and  has  taken 
an  active  part  in  the  political  campaigns  of  Argenteuil  and  Two  Mountains, 
being  a  recognized  leader  in  conservative  ranks.  He  has  ever  preferred,  how- 
ever, to  concentrate  his  energies  and  efforts  upon  his  law  practice,  which  is  now 
extensive  and  important,  placing  him  with  the  leading  representatives  of  the 
Montreal  bar. 


GEORGE  HASTINGS. 


George  Hastings,  who  was  born  at  Petite  Cote,  Quebec,  in  1817,  died  in 
July,  1865.  His  father  was  Thomas  Hastings,  who  came  from  Lexington, 
Massachusetts,  to  Petite  Cote,  where  he  bought  land  and  settled  some  time 
before  the  birth  of  Mr.  Hastings.  In  this  connection  it  is  interesting  to  men- 
tion that  Petite  Cote  is  now  divided  into  Fairmount  and  Rosemount  and  is  a 
part  of  the  city  of  Montreal.  The  land  is  now  mostly  divided  into  building 
lots  that  command  good  prices. 

Thomas  Hastings,  father  of  George  Hastings,  had  married  Cynthia  Baker, 
of  Burlington,  Vermont,  and  they  lived  for  many  years  in  their  home  at  Petite 
Cote,  where  their  five  children,  three  sons  and  two  daughters,  were  born  and 
brought  up.  The  sons'  names  were:  George;  Thomas,  who  is  mentioned  else- 
where in  this  work ;  and  Horatio,  the  youngest,  who  died  unmarried  in  1899. 
The  daughters  were  Mrs.  Clark  Fitts  and  Mrs.  Ryan. 


350  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

George  Hastings,  of  this  record,  married  in  1847  Margaret  Ogilvie,  a  sister 
of  A.  W.,  John  and  W.  W.  Ogilvie,  whose  careers  are  mentioned  at  greater 
length  in  another  part  of  this  history.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  George  Hastings  spent 
their  entire  married  life  in  their  home  on  a  farm  at  Petite  Cote.  There  their 
ten  children  received  the  training  of  their  early  lives.  Of  these  children  six 
were  sons  and  four  were  daughters.  Thomas,  the  eldest,  married  Jane  Kydd, 
formerly  the  widow  of  William  Nesbitt.  They  reside  at  Rosemount  boulevard 
and  have  no  children.  William,  the  next  son,  with  George,  the  third  son,  after 
considerable  business  experience  established  The  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling 
Company.  The  former  married,  in  1884,  Georgina  Ure,  of  Montreal.  He 
died  in  1903,  leaving  his  widow  and  two  sons,  who  live  in  this  city.  George 
managed  the  western  branch  of  the  business,  from  which  he  resigned  in  October, 
1913.  He  married  in  1886,  Margaret  Anderson,  of  Ayr,  Ontario.  They  live 
in  Winnipeg  and  have  a  family  of  two  sons  and  two  daughters.  Robert,  the 
fourth  son,  is  with  The  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling  Company  and  lives  also  in 
the  west,  making  his  present  home  in  Qu'  Appelle.  He  is  unmarried.  Alex- 
ander, the  fifth  son,  was  also  connected  with  The  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling 
Company.  He  died  in  St.  John,  New  Brunswick,  where  he  had  charge  for 
several  years  of  the  local  branch  of  the  company.  He  married,  in  1898,  Maud 
Anderson,  of  Montreal,  and  his  widow  is  living.  Their  only  child  died  when 
one  month  of  age.  John  Clark,  the  youngest  son,  died  un.married  in  1883.  Helen 
Watson  and  Cynthia  Baker,  the  two  elder  daughters,  died  in  1912,  the  latter  in 
January  and  the  former  in  May  of  that  year.  The  third  daughter,  Frances, 
married  Francis  Jordan,  of  Goderich,  Ontario,  in  1885.  Mr.-  Jordan  died  in 
1907,  but  his  widow,  son  and  daughter  are  living.  Maria,  the  fourth  and 
)'0ungest  daughter  of  the  family,  is  living  and  unmarried.  The  family  have 
always  been  connected  with  the  American  Presbyterian  church.  The  Hastings 
are  well  known  among  the  old  residents  of  Montreal,  for  it  is  almost  a  century 
since  Thomas  Hastings  settled  upon  the  farm  which  now  is  a  portion  of  the 
metropolis. 


JAMES  ALFRED  DALE. 

In  educational  circles  the  name  of  Professor  James  .\lfred  Dale  is  well  known. 
His  ability  has  gained  him  prominence  and  his  position  as  a  leader  among  the 
educationists  of  the  country  is  indicated  in  the  fact  that  he  was  honored  with 
election  to  the  position  of  treasurer  of  the  Dominion  Educational  Association. 
Since  November,  1907,  he  has  held  the  Macdonald  professorship  of  education 
in  McGill  University.  A  native  of  Birmingham,  England,  he  was  born  in  1874, 
the  eldest  son  of  J.  A.  Dale.  He  attended  King  Edward  \'I  School  at  Camp 
Hill,  and  afterward  entered  the  Mason  University  College,  now  the  University 
of  Birmingham,  and  sul:)se(|uently  liecame  classical  exhiliitioner  in  Merton  Col- 
lege at  O.xford,  which  conferred  upon  him  the  Master  of  yVrts  degree. 

James  Alfred  Dale  has  remained  continuously  in  the  educational  licld,  being 
lecturer  on  literature  and  education  in  connection  with  the  Oxford  Ivxtcnsion 
Delegacy  from  1902  until  1908,  and  also  to  the  universities  of  Liverpool  and  Man- 


HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL  351 

Chester.     In  1902-3  he  was  tutor  in  the  Borough  Road  Training  College,  and  in 
November,    1907,   was  called  to  the   Macdonald   professorship   of   education   in 
McGill  University.    The  steps  in  his  orderly  progression  are  thus  easily  discernible 
and  he  stands  today  among  the  eminent  educationists  of  the  Dominion,  his  ability 
being  acknowledged  by  colleagues  and  contemporaries.     He  has  the  power  of 
imparting  clearly,   concisely   and   readily  to   others   the  knowledge   that   he   has 
ac(iuired,  and  on  the  lecture  platform  he  is  a  most  interesting  and  entertaining  as 
well  as  instructive  speaker.    He  was  a  delegate  to  the  convention  of  the  Dominion 
Educational  Association  of  Victoria,  British  Columbia,  in  1909.    He  has  served  as 
treasurer  of  the  association  and  was  secretary  of  the  convention  held  at  Ottawa 
in  July,  1913.    In  May,  191 1,  he  was  appointed  a  member  of  the  council  of  public 
instruction  for  the  province  of  Quebec,  and  he  has  come  to  be  a  member  of  most 
of  the  committees  on  Protestant  education  in  the  province.     Soon  after  coming 
out,  he  was  elected  president  of  the  Protestant  Teachers  Association  of  the  prov- 
ince of  Quebec  and  on  relinquishing  office  in  1912  was  elected  first  vice  president. 
His  studious  habits  have  made  him  a  man  of  scholarly  attainments,  and  he  is 
continually  seeking  out  new  methods  that  will  render  his  service  as  an  education- 
ist more  effective.     His  ideas  have  received  the  indorsement  of  prominent  con- 
temporaries in  this  field  of  labor  and  have  been  adopted  to  the  benefit  of  various 
institutions  of  learning.    He  agrees  with  Kant  that  "  the  object  of  education  is  to 
train  each  individual  to  reach  the  highest  perfection  possible  for  him"  and  that 
spirit  has  been  manifest  throughout  his  professional  career.    He  has  endeavored  in 
his  teaching  to  develoji  capacity  and  to  impart  knowledge  which  shall  prove  of 
practical  benefit  and  value  throughout  life.    He  was  instrumental  in  founding  the 
University  Settlement  of  Montreal  in  1910  and  has  been  its  president  since  that 
time.     This  was  the  first  settlement  in  the  city,  and  its  success  is  to  be  measured 
not  by  itself  but  by  the  influence  it  has  exerted  in  the  general  movement  toward 
social  reform.     He  has  taken  a  prominent  part  in  movements  for  adult  educa- 
tion and  was  one  of  the  first  members  of  the  committee  of  the  Workers'  Edu- 
cational Association,  which  has  succeeded  in  grouping  together  over  twenty-five 
liundred  trade  unions,  cooperative  societies,  etc.,  and  educational  bodies  in  Eng- 
land.    At  the  present  time  every  university  in  the  country  is  undertaking  work- 
ing-class education  under  the  auspices  of  the  association.     At  the  formation  of 
the  City  Improvement  League  he  was  apjjointcd  its  first  honorary  secretary  but 
was  compelled  by  pressure  of  work  to  relint|uish  the  active  duties  of  office.     He 
edited  the  proceedings  of  the  convention  of  the  League  in  1910.     As  literary  cor- 
respondent of  the  Canadian  Club  he  is  editing  its  proceedings  for  the  third  year. 
In  1904  Professor  Dale  was  married  to  Miss  Margaret  Butler,  a  daughter  of 
J.  Holden  Butler,  of  Birmingham,  and  they  reside  at  No.  771  University  street. 
in  Montreal.     Not  only  as  an  instructor  in  the  classroom  and  as  an  enthusiastic 
advocate  of  extending  educational  facilities  to  all  is  Professor  Dale  well  known. 
His   contriljutions   to   the   literature   of   the   profession   have   made   his   name   a 
familiar  one  not  only  in  this  country  but  throughout  the  American  continent  and 
in  Great  Britain.     He  is  the  author  of  many  articles  which  have  appeared  in 
various  publications  and  which  have  treated  of  literary  as  well  as  educational 
subjects,  and  he  has  published  in  Germany  a  volume  entitled  History  of  English 
Literature.    His  name  was  suggested  in  various  quarters  when  British  Columbia 
was  looking  for  a  president  for  its  new  university.     A  modern  philosopher  has 


352  HISTORY  OF  MONTREAL 

said  :  "Not  the  good  that  comes  to  us  hut  the  good  that  comes  to  the  world  through 
us  is  the  measure  of  our  success,"  and  judged  by  this  standard  the  Hfe  of  Professor 
Dale  is  a  most  successful  one. 


GEORGE  HUGH  ALEXANDER  MONTGOMERY,  B.  C.  L.,  K.  C. 

George  Hugh  Alexander  Montgomery  is  one  of  the  most  successful  members 
of  the  Montreal  bar,  of  which  he  is  an  ex-councillor.  He  has  successfully  pleaded 
cases  in  all  the  courts  of  Canada  and  before  the  privy  council  and  has  for  some 
years  occupied  an  enviable  place  at  the  bar  of  this  city.  He  was  born  at  Philips- 
burg,  P.  O.,  February  5,  1874,  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Hugh  and  E.  M.  (Slack) 
Montgomery.  The  family  being  one  appreciative  of  the  benefits  and  value  of 
education,  liberal  opportunities  in  that  direction  were  afforded  him,  and  after 
attending  Bishop's  College  School  at  Lennoxville,  P.  Q.,  he  entered  the  Uni- 
versity of  Bishop's  College,  where  he  pursued  a  classical  course  and  won  the 
Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  in  1893.  Four  years  later  he  was  graduated  with  the 
B.  C.  L.  degree  from  McGill  University,  having  thus  thoroughly  qualified  for 
the  active  practice  of  law,  which  he  had  determined  to  make  his  life  work. 
He  became  an  advocate  in  1898  and  since  that  time  has  successfully  followed 
his  profession  in  Montreal,  his  clientage  being  one  of  growing  importance  and 
volume.  Since  May,  1905,  he  has  been  solicitor  for  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat 
&  Power  Company,  and  has  had  many  other  important  professional  connec- 
tions. In  1909  he  was  created  king's  counsel.  His  work  in  the  courts  has  shown 
him  to  be  largely  a  master  of  the  principles  of  jurisprudence  and  also  possessed 
of  the  power  to  present  his  cause  clearly,  cogently  and  logically.  His  ability 
as  an  advocate  is  acknowledged  by  contemporaries  and  colleagues. 

Mr.  Montgomery  is  the  owner  of  Lakeside  Stock  Farm  at  Philipshurg, 
Quebec,  the  home  of  some  of  the  finest  Ayrshire  cattle  and  Clydesdale  horses 
in  the  Dominion.  Modern  in  its  improvements,  with  fine  natural  advantages, 
this  farm  contains  two  hundred  and  fifty  acres  of  the  finest  arable  soil,  for  which 
most  of  the  eastern  township  farms  are  noted,  as  well  as  ample  additional  acreage 
to  meet  the  requirements  of  a  successful  stock  farm. 

Mr.  Montgomery  has  for  more  than  twenty  years  been  extensively  interested 
in  farming  operations,  and  from  time  to  time  has  added  to  his  holdings,  in  the 
eastern  townships,  which  now  comprise  more  than  seven  hundred  acres.  It  was 
more  than  ten  years  ago  that  he  started  in  to  breed  the  best  in  pure-bred  Ayrshire 
cattle,  and  while  finding  all  the  recreation  and  entertainment  sought  by  a  gentle- 
man farmer,  the  project  has  been  conducted  on  a  business  as  well  as  a  scientific 
basis  with  gratifying  results.  Stock  from  Lakeside  Stock  Farm  have  success- 
fully contested  in  the  show  ring  with  the  best  herds  in  Canada.  Equally  as 
high  class  are  the  Clydesdale  horses  owned  and  bred  at  this  farm. 

In  1913  Mr.  Montgomery  completed  his  beautiful  country  residence  on 
Missisquoi  Bay  near  Phili])sl)urg.  Modern  in  its  appointments,  the  structure 
i